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May 19, 1949 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1949-05-19

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Hypocritical Bill

THE CLEAREST WAY to see just how
ridiculous the Mundt-Nixon Bill would
be is by directly applying the bill's provisions
for proving an organization Communistic to
the Progressive Party, as it might be applied
if the bill became a law.
The bill requires every "Communist po-
litical and front organization," as de-
fined in the bill, to register its members
with the Attorney General. Members of
such "subversive" organizations would be
prohibited from holding non-elective fed-
eral office and could not apply for or use
When seeking federal employment it would
be unlawful for individuals to conceal their
membership in a "registered" organization.
The bill also provides severe penalties for
those failing to register.
The Progressive Party in recent years dis-
approved of the Marshall Plan, the Truman
Doctrine, aid to Chiang Kai-Shek and com-
pulsory military service.
Furthermore, the Progressive Party, for
purposes of self-preservation would be likely
to resist efforts to obtain information as to
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
iness is becoming just so much hair-
splitting. When the apostles of status quo
cry out that the banning of discrimination
is discrimination, itself and consequently any
measure in that direction defeats its own
purpose, they are bringing up a sad sub-
stitute for an argument. Such barrel-scrap-
ing only indicates the absence of any valid
justification for the defense of discrimina-
It appears that the best the opposition can
offer is a bunch of hollow-sounding plati-
tudes. "E'ery person should be free to dis-
criminate if he wants to," wails one, "for
to curb the right of discrimination is to curb
Another thinker of equal profundity decides,
after careful consideration of the matter,
that the Student Affairs Committee's action
marks the end of the individual's right to
associate with people of his own choice, and
this is a serious threat to freedom.

its membership. And, like members of the
Democratic or Republican Party, some of its
members probably meet in closed, unpubli-
cized meetings.
Therefore, according to the Mundt-
Nixon Bill, the Progressive Party is a
"Communist political front" because its
policies "do not deviate" from those of
Russia, and because it "holds secret meet-
In a similar manner all labor unions with
Communist members can be proved to be
"Communist fronts," on the basis of the
criteria provided in the bill. One of the
criteria defining an organization as a Com-
munist front is "the identity and associa-
tions of active members."
Regardless of one's opinion of the Pro-
gressive Party or labor unions, I'm sure
thinking Americans would not label them
Communistic on the basis of a few mem-
bers, as would the Mundt-Nixon Bill.
The bill's provisions directly contradict the
Supreme Court decisions that guilt is per-
sonal and does not accrue as the result of
association, that guilt is not based solely
on belief, and that guilt is not based on
mere similarity of some views or activities.
The Mundt-Nixon Bill attempts to sup-
press dissenting opinions instead of "pro-
tecting the existence of free American in-
stitutions," as it claims to do in its pre-
-Joan Willens.
The blue ribbon prize for misbegotten
logic, however, goes to the protest that dis-4
crimination can't possibly be outlawed, for
it is part of our daily life; it is, in fact,
a necessity. The originator of this ingenious
excuse sees discrimination as a choice of
Heinz's Tomato Soup over Campbell's.
Again, it's so easy to find comfortable
backing in the literal meaning of "discrim-
ination." In fact, the dictionary has become
a crutch for reasoning that can't stand on
its own legs.Y
Most probably, the various individuals who
decry the recent action of the Student Af-
fairs Committee understand as well as any-
one what significance the word "discrimina-
tion" bears in the light of current develop-
ments. However, to defend their stand, they
must clutter up a clear-cut issue with mean-
ingless "if's" and "but's" because a better
way. to protest anti-discriminatory action
does not exist.
-Nan Bylan.

Unemployment Mystery

AFL Problem
IT HAS FINALLY dawned on the AFL lead-
ership that the "two-party" system in
Congress is really a struggle between two
parties which have both conservatives and
liberals in their ranks.
President William Green of the AFL
said the other day that "what organized
labor and the country as a whole need is
a large majority of liberals in Congress,
regardless of what their party affiliations
may be."
Maybe Green is right, but it is pretty
clear that things won't work out that way.
What he said is OK as a wish, perhaps,
but as prediction it is mere fantasy.
For, after all, the Republican and Demo-
cratic parties have traditions-over the
country as a whole the Republicans repre-
sent the forces that are antagonistic to
change, and the Democrats are generally in-
clined to modify the status quo.
What we are witnessing in Congress is
not a usual or representative struggle; it
is the abortive result of an elective system
that over-represents an economically and
socially backward section of the country-
the South.
It has been clear for a decade or more
that the Democratic Party would eventually
have to do something about its Southern
members; and this was made obvious by the
split last fall between Truman and the
The truth is that the Southern Democrats
and the Northern Democrats do not stand
for the same things, and they plainly will
finally split into separate parties.
In other words, what seems to be in
the offing is not the election of liberals
in two major parties, but the creation of
a third party to represent the South.
And then, it seems to me, the solution to
the AFL's problem-and the country's prob-
lem-is to elect a large majority from a
revitalized and strengthened Democratic
-Phil Dawson.
They Peeked
STUDENTS acquainted with the "in-
fallible" Russian election system share
Communist shock over the result of Berlin
The Russian system of course, is the
supposedly foolproof plan of presenting
voters with a single slate and instruc-
tions to vote "yes" or "no." This has pe-
culiarly provided almost unanimous deci-
sions in most elections.
However, the Russians lost the magic
touch when they tried the plan in their
Berlin zone. Their candidates did win, but
more than 4 million of the 13 million votes
cast were "no's." The total "yes" vote was
about 8 million.
Conditions of the election didn't make
it any easier for those who rejected the
official list.
At the top of the ballot, a statement read:
"I am for the unity of Germany and a just
peace treaty. Therefore I am for the follow-
ing candidates."
In addition, no write-ins were allowed.
The Russians, used to the tacit obed-
ience at home, are having some trouble
shrugging off the results. But for the rest
of us, it is rather enjoyable to have an
unexpected chuckle at the expense of be-
lievers in blindfold government.
-Ruth Mann.
Russian Tax

ONE OF THE interesting facts brought
out by Prof. Abram Bergson in his re-
cent lectures here on the Soviet Union, is
that the Russian government draws most
of its revenue from a tax on sales.
The famous turnover tax, which mainly
hits consumer goods, has often been de-
cried as an example of totalitarian un-
fairness in taxing, because it is indirect
and regressive.
The interesting thing about this, however,
is that the Michigan sales tax operates on
the same principle. The consumer, who fi-
nally pays it, may not realize he's being
taxed; and because the sales tax extends
even to food, it hits lower income groups
relatively harder.
The realization that the Michigan sales
tax and the Soviet turnover tax are essen-
tially similar is perhaps the only thing that
would ever lead the State Legislature to re-
vise the tax system-an unfortunate fact for
-Jay Philips.
This Cow Kick
IT WAS A GOOD news story when that
Oklahoma cow got stuck in a silo and
had to be engineered out again, but now
it's being overdone. Darned if an Ohio
bull named Bill didn't pull the same stunt
the other day.
We're going to have to start ignoring these
lhcrrn cncnfc +1 eci f co a allto

"What's Getting Into People These Days?"
r -
r 1; _c

.Letters to the Editor- I


I + 3 Le .


HAVE BEFORE ME the "American Poul-
try Journal" for May, which is one of
the things I read when I tire of reading
about how to solve the Russian problem,
and it says here, in an article by Mr. Gilbert
Gusler, that egg raisers have had "nice
going" so far this year.
Egg prices are down about 5 per cent
since last year, says Mr. Gusler, but feed
prices are down around 25 per cent. The
picture, as Mr. Gusler gives it, is that "the
return per 100 hens from sales of eggs
in the first three months of 1949 was
about $75 above feed costs compared with
less than $50 last year."
Probably a bigger return than ever before
in the corresponding period, says the writer.
* * *
NOW HERE we have a mystery. We have
been hearing about unemployment since
late fall.,
More than 3,000,000 Americans are out
of work. Mr. Gusler reports that egg con-
sumption is down.
How do you make more money out of
eggs when a considerable number of Amer-
icans are jobless and are eating less, than
you made when they weren't?
VIE MAIN REASON is, of course, gov-
ernment price supports. The government
bought about 29,500,000 pounds of dried eggs
in the first quarter, compared with none
during the same period last year. That kept
prices up, and so we have the anomaly of
higher profits in a period of declining con-
SLooking Back
The Women's League has drawn up a
number of proposals to se sent to the Peace
Conference at The Hague,
The Algion baseball team provided Mich-
igan with "some good practice" as they went
down before the Wolverines 6-2.
Freshmen were urged to donate their wool
knit "pots" (beanies), and upperclassmen
their "toques" to the Red Cross;which would
reknit them into sweaters for the Belgians.
Students at Penn State were afflicted with
"examination period neurosis" according to
one policeman, who was called out to help
quell the riot students stage twice a year.

sumption, something which theoretically
shouldn't happen.
And without wishing to criticize egg
producers, whom I consider to be nature's
noblemen, I feel it is my public duty to
point out that American consumers paid
not only once but twice, to achieve this
remarkable result.
They paid once, in the form of taxes to
underwrite the government support pro-
gram, and a second time in the form of
relatively high prices maintained by that
AND HERE I feel we should kick back to
Secretary of Agriculture Brannan's new
farm support program. Mr. Brannan, you
remember, has suggested a subsidy farm
support plan.
Under this plan, market prices of per-
ishable farm products, such as eggs, would
be allowed to fall as they pleased. The
government, without interfering with these
prices in the least, would pay direct cash
subsidies to farmers, in amounts suffi-
cient to give them normal incomes.
The consumer would get the benefit of
low prices in the stores, and while he
would still be paying taxes for farm relief,
at least he would be paying only once. Do
you get it-once? Once is better than twice.
Much better. Really it is.
MR. BRANNAN has been having trouble
trying to put his plan over, because the
conservative gentry have been giggling and
chortling at it, and treating it as a kind of
funny revival of New Dealism.
The subsidy plan would give the govern-
ment too much power over the farmer,
they say, and it would be an unnatural
deviation from our normal economic cus-
toms. One would like to ask them what
is so very natural about maintaining high
food prices during a period of noticeable
unemployment and declining consumption.
That doesn't seem natural; I don't think
the spectacle of food producers getting
bigger returns during a period of reduced
eating could ever win a prize in the nature
* * *
THE POINT IS, as I think I've said in this
space before, that we've been talking a
lot of guff about the inflation being over.
It has reached its most painful peak right
now, precisely because high prices have for
one reason or another, continued straight
into a period of unemployment.
It is on this level that Mr. Brannan's
plan would make its greatest contribution,
for it would permi lower food prices
.2. .. .w.. ..0 - _ a L.

(Continued from Page 2)
Small Mammals." Mr. Joseph J.
Hickey will report on "Survival
Studies of Banded Birds." Open
Seminar in Applied Mathemat-
i.s: 4 p.m., Thurs., 247 W. Engi-
neering Bldg. Mr. W. C. Sangren
speaks on Generalized Fourier Se-
Choral Union and Extra Concert
Series. The University Musical So-
ciety announces two major concert
series for next season, as follows:
Choral Union Series (10 con-
certs): Artur Rubinstein, pianist,
Oct. 4; Vienna Choir Boys, Oct.
15; Boston Symphony Orchestra,
Charles Munch, conductor, Oct.
23; Cleveland Orchestra, George
Szell, conductor, Nov. 6; Italo
Tajo, Bass, Nov. 16; Rise Stevens,
mezzo-soprano, Dec. 5; Cincinnati
Orchestra, Thor Johnson, conduc-
tor, Jan. 17; Myra Hess, pianist,
Feb. 17; Pittsburgh Orchestra,
Paul Paray, guest conductor, Feb.
23; and Zino Francescatti, violin-
ist, March 20.
Extra Concert Series (5 con-
certs): Nelson Eddy, baritone, Oct.
9; Boston Symphony, Charles
Munch, conductor, Oct. 25; Tossy
Spivakovsky,violinist, Nov. 22;
Carroll Glenn, violinist and Eu-
gere List, pianist, Jan. 6; Chicago
Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner,
guest conductor, March 12.
Orders for season tickets are
now being accepted and filed in se-
quence. Orders will later be filled
in the same sequence and mailed
September 20. Address: Charles A.
Sink, President, University Musi-
cal Society, Burton Memorial
University Symphony Orches-
tra, Wayne Dunlap, Conductor,
will play its final concert of the
school year at 8 p.m., Thurs., May
19, Hill Auditorium. Program: Sin-
fonie Concertante, Op. 84, for Vio-
lin, Cello, Oboe and Bassoon, by
Ilaydn; Rapsodie Espagnole by
Ravel, and Brahms' Symphony No.
4 in E minor, Op. 98. The public is
Chamber Music Program by pu-
pils of Gilbert Ross, Oliver Edel
and Paul Doktor, 4:15 p.m., May
20, Rackham Assembly Hall. Pro-
gram: Beethoven's Sonata in C
minor, Op. 30, No. 2, Schubert's
Quartet in A minor, Op. 29, and
Beethoven's Quartet in C minor,
Op. 18, No. 4. The public is invit-
Events Today
Senior Class Presidents: Meet-
ing of the senior class presidents
and others representing the senior
class of the several Schools and
Colleges of this University, 304
W. Engineering Bldg., 7 p.m., to
discuss plans for Commencement
Mr. John C. Beukema will talk
on "Opportunities in Chamber of
Commerce and Trade Association
Work," 7:30 p.m., 131 Business
Administration Bldg. Students and
faculty are invited.
Senior Society: New initiates
will meet at 7:15 p.m., League
Chapel, to elect officers.
Committee for Displaced Stu-
dents: General meeting, 7:30 p.m.,

League. Agenda: September appli -
cants to be selected. Also continu-
ity planning for summer and fall.
Election of officers.
Participating campus organiza-
tions are asked to send in their
new representatives.
Phi Kappa Phi Meeting: 4 p.m.,
East Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg. Members invited.
International Center weekly tea
for all foreign students and Ameri-
can friends, 4:30-6 p.m., Interna-
tional Center.
Phi Kappa Phi Initiation: 8
p.m., Lecture Hall, Rackham Bldg.
Prof. George G. Cameron, Chair-
man of the Dept. of Near Eastern
Studies will speak on, "The Key
to the Treasure Chest of Ancient
Languages." Reception in Assem-
bly Hall. Members invited.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Urgent meeting, 7 p.m., League.
Vote on election, refund scores
order pictures, plans for party.

- - -- ---- ---

Art Chorale: Meeting, 7
Burton Tower.
La p'tite causette: 3:30
Grill Room, League.


Deutscher Verein: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., Union. UFA film, "Prewar
Germany." Election of officers.
NSA Travel Bureau will be open
for the last time this semester,
today, 4-4:45 p.m., Office of Stu-
dent Affairs.
U.W.F. Meeting, 4 p.m., Union.
Planning session for next semes-
U. of M. Young Republican
Club: Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Russian
Tea Room, League. Every member
is urged to attend this final meet-
ing of the semester.
Sociedad Hispanica: Final meet-
ing of the year; Hussey Room,
League, 8 p.m. Elections, an-
nouncement of scholarships to
Mexico. Bring membership card to
Alpha Phi Omega: Meeting for
elections, 7:15 p.m., 1018 Angell
Hall (not the Union). Every mem-
ber is requested to attend.
Club Europa: Business meeting
for election of new officers. In-
ternational Center.
Hillel Foundation Central UJA
Committee: Meeting, 4:15 p.m.,
Rm. 3-N, Union.
U. of M. Dames Drama Group:
Meet at the home of Mrs. Helen
Arnold, Forest Court, 8 p.m. Mrs.
Freeman D. Miller will be guest
and will entertain with dramatic
Coming Events
Visitors' Night, Department of
Astronomy-Fri., May 20, 8:30-10
p.m., Angell Hall (fifth floor), for
observations of Saturn and double
stars. Dr. Leo Goldberg will give
an illustrated talk on "Storms on
the Sun" in 3017 Angell Hall. Al-
though a cloudy sky may prevent
observations with the telescope,
Dr. Goldberg's talk will be given
as scheduled. Children must be
accompanied by adults. (This is
the last Visitors' Night schedued
for the second semester.)

The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication In this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters.
* " .
To the Editor:
THINK THAT The Michigan
Daily is the greatest College
Newspaper in the country.
I read The Daily whenever I get
a chance to, and I also think that
it out-ranks many other big city
newspapers throughout the coun-
I've been reading The Daily
whenever I could get my hands on
a copy, and it has the dress of
any city newspaper that I know
I've always wanted to subscribe
to The Daily, but never got a
Someday, in a few years maybe,
I want to be a newspaperman
more anything else. And if I get a
chance to go to college, and can
go to Michigan I'd like to work on
the staff of The Daily, and take
ac ourse in Journalism.
I've got about five years to go
yet, until I can go to college, but
when I do, I'm going to try to get
on The Daily staff.
-Wally Pipp, Jr.
-Grand Rapids.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: A desk has
been set aside in the senior edi-
torial office for future editor Pipp.)
FDR, Jr....
To the Editor:
]rHE SURPRISING but most
welcomed victory of Franklin
Delano Roosevelt, Jr., in the New
York 20th Congressional District
election on Tuesday affords me
much happiness both as a New
York City resident and as an
American. For I see in this more
than just the Roosevelt victory.
His election plus the results of
the past November national elec-
tions show a revolution in Amer-
ican political thought. No longer
apparently are the majority of
Americans going to vote solely by
parties. Now they are selecting on
the basis of a candidate's ability
and his sincerity in their welfare.
This is encouragement to the hon-
est and sincere politicos, would-be
and present, and a writing on the
wall for the others.
The credit for this change in
political thought is threefold; the
expansion of public education and
the emphasis on studies in gov-
ernment and economics; the press
which is in many cases becoming
more objective; and the radio
which hourly brings home todthe
people national and local issues.
I hope in time that all the press
will achieve the objectivity of the
radio in presenting both sides of
an issue by exponents of each
side and not by courtesy of an
editorial writer who "will briefly
summarize" the arguments of the
opposition ..
As a resident of the adjoining
Congressional District, and a
member of no political party, I
know the kind of people who make
up Roosevelt's district. The three
major groups are Jewish, Irish
Catholic and those of Latin origin.
Though their backgrounds may
be different, these people are
united in one respect; they all
want to promote their welfare.
And they know that can be done
only by political leaders aware of
their problems, sincerely interest-
ed in their welfare and owing
allegiance first to them and to

the country at large.
They wanted a representative
who would not check with the
party leader before answering roll
call in the Congress. They sought
a man who would speak his mind
freely; and would not refrain from
investigating some political sore
because it might embarrass cer-
tam individuals or groups, who
must be protected even at the ex-
School of Public Health Picnic:
Students and faculty of the School
of Public Health are holding a pic-
nic on Sat., May 21, Dexter-Huron
Park. Those desiring rides, leave
your name at the information desk
at the school. Bring your families.
U. of M. UNESCO Council will
vote upon ratification of their
Constitution at a meeting next
Tuesday, May 24.
German Coffee Hour: Fri.,
3-4:30 p.m. Russian Tea Room,
League. All interested students
and faculty members are invited.

pense of the people who he is
sworn to faithfully represent. And,
lastly, they looked for a man who
combined these qualities with in-
herent ability, courage and en-
ergy. All this the voters in the
20th Congressional -district found
The young politico now knows
that if he is truly devoted to the
welfare of the people (as all poli-
ticians loudly claim to be) he has
only to go before them and tell
them of his plans and his ideals.
His courage and sincerity will be
his greatest weapons. He needs
no political machine. He can be
sure that there will always be
those who will recognize him and
help him. And most of all, he can
count on the intelligence and fair-
ness of the American voter. Nor
need he fear to advance his polit-
ical and economic thoughts be-
yond the "sacred past of tried and
true doctrines." He can safely look
at tomorrow and the day after,
and, always considering the in-
terests of the majority of his peo
ple, make the necessary decisions.
Nor need he ever have to resort
to those old political weapons of
emotion, prejudice, personal bene-
fit or empty promises.
-Chet Byrnes.
* * *
Dead Semester*
To the Editor:
SHOULD LIKE to call attention
to a dangerous condition
threatening the campus at pres-
ent. I refer to the insidious Spring
Picnic so fondly indulged in by
the many campus organizations
While I agree that the brewery
industry profits greatly by such
events, nevertheless the health
and welfare of every student is in
jeopardy. Even the Ann Arbor Fire
Department is overworked.
If I might cite an example I
shall refer to a harrowing experi-
ence I suffered myself just this
afternoon. Being a serious senior
I of course was studying, ignor-
ing with difficulty the golf clubs
in one, corner of the room and the
tennis racquet in the other. At
about 2:15 my idyllic pastimes
were completely disrupted by the
arrival of the afternoon mail. It
consisted of one lonely postcard,
not a job offer, that looked me
in the face and said, "STOP
worrying about that bluebook-
forget those reports. Relax and
enjoy yourself at the AIM PICNIC
. refreshments . . . FREE . .
Being completely unprepared for
such news and being on the thin
edge anyhow I lapsed into a dazed
state and consequently failed to
accomplish anything else for the
remainder of the afternoon. THIS
write "graduating senior" on every
I therefore suggest that instead
of "Dead Week" Michigan might
officially adopt the "Dead Semes-
ter" policy that has been func-
tioning so admirably these many
years. These distractions have to
be removed or else my 10-semester
career at Michigan has been in
-Jeremy V. Gluck.
*idpun; zt

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harriett Friedman .... Managing Editor
Dick Maloy . ........ .City Editor
Naomi Stern.......Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ...Associate Editor
Al Blumrosen ... ....Associate Editor
Leon Jaroff.........Associate Editor
Robert C. White ......Associate Editor
B. S. Brown ............. Sports Editol
Bud Weidenthai ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey ......Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery .., ..... Women's Editor
Mary Ann Harris ... Asso. Wom's Editor
Bess Hayes ...................Librarian
Business Staff
Richard Hait ........Business Manager
Jean Leonard ..,. Advertising Manager
William Culman ..Finance Manager
Cole Christian .... Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
Al rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,


Ah! My VERY good friend, Davy Jones-
Barnaby is writing his fairy godfather's
story-"The O'Malley Story." It seems we

acKmod We were stout men of iron in trim wooden
ships in those days, as Davy Jones here
can fell you. It was a life of woeful


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