THE MICHIGAN DAILY
F' AY. Y .
THE MCHTGN 11L 1
a avlTa!V I1T171V f 17
C Ihlrl O U D I D ." ,
"I did not!"
This, apparently, is the petty argumen-
tative pass that has been reached by Mr.
Thompson of the UAW and Mr. Bugas
of the Ford Motor Company.
And while the haggling proceeds, more
than 60,000 local Ford workers sit at home,
and an inconceivably broad international in-
dustrial shut-down looms.
The union has contended that Ford in-
creased by ten per cent the speed of one
of its final assembly lines.
Ford has consistently and flatly denied
And so, into the closet went the leaders
of labor and industry, and the childish
argument proceeded. The strike deadline
came and went, and out went the 60,000
TWO FACTS are clear:
1-If Ford is impairing the health and
safety of its employes, regardless of whether
or not the line has been speeded up, the
Union has a legitimate complaint.
2.-The only way to settle the argument
is to submit it to an impartial judge.
Ford's Bugas asserts the company is ready
to call in an impartial engineer at any time.
The Union blithely calls the offer "double
Why? Perhaps the UAW, for some un-
named reason, wants a strike and is de-
termined to preserve the current issue, even
if it is fabricated.
There is every evidence that the company,
in offering to submit to unprejudiced arbi-
tration, is acting in good faith.
Meanwhile, the union is being cagey.
-Robert C. White.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
Md represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JO MISNER
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
AS MATTERS stand now, the Taft-Hartley
Act is still law.
The chronology of what happened in the
''house is complicated, but here goes any-
way: The Administration tried to repeal
most of the Taft-Hartley provisions through
the Lesinski Bill. House Democratic leaders
decided the Lesinski Bill didn't have a
chance, and at the last moment pushed the
Sims measure as a compromise. It wasn't
much of a compromise, because it con-
tained, though in modified form, one of
those anti-strike injunction features, hated
The House voted down the Sims Bill, and
substituted the Wood Bill, which is, on
essentials, very much the same as the
Taft-Hartley Act. Then, the next day, it
incoherently sent the Wood Bill back to
Nothing is changed; the Administration
At Hill Auditorium.. ..
VIGOROUSLY ushering in the fifty-sixth
annual May Festival concert series last
night in Hill Auditorium, the Philadelphia
Orchestra with Eugene Ormandy, conductor,
and Set Svanholm, tenor, presented an All-
Wagner program which included represen-
tative excerpts from a good part of the
Although the effect of the full music-
drama is lost in hearing merely "arias" from
Wagner's operas, a program such as this
one serves, at least, to point up the com-
poser's symphonic genius, and we reach the
conclusion that Wagner presented in concert
is still powerful, though not satisfying.
Opening the program with the prelude
to "Parsifal," Mr. Ormandy's exciting or-
chestra demonstrated a rarely heard mel-
lowness of string tone, a purity of flute
tone, and generally fine understanding of
"In ferman land" from "Lohengrin"
proved Set Svanholm, Metropolitan Opera
tenor, to have an expressive voice which
showed knowledge of and familiarity with
the Wagner style. He did, however, demon-
strate a tight throatiness at times which
detracted from a full round tone. The "Rome
Narrative" from "Tannhauser" was artisti-
cally performed, but lacked again a certain
freedom of tone which would have made
it more effective.
Presenting excerpts from "Das Rhein-
gold" and the Siegfried Funeral Music
from "Gotterdammerung," the orchestra
was brilliant in its interpretation.
In the rollicking "Forging Song" from
"Siegfried," the Wagnerian tenor did his
best singing of the evening. The spirited
tone and interpretation brought forth by
the singer combined to produce a huge ova-
tion from the enthusiastic audience.
With his well-managed voice, Mr. Svan-
helm performed Siegmund's Monologue from
"Walkure" which, though showing expres-
siveness was lacking in energy when the
tenor failed to build it up to its climatic
has suffered a defeat; we have gone around
the mulberry bush and the Taft-Hartley Act
is still on the books.
* * *
W HAT DOES IT ALL mean? Conservative
observers and editorialists are quick to
tell us what it means. The House votes, they
say, prove that the Administration had no
popular "mandate" to repeal the Taft-Hart-
ley Act. I don't see how it proves any such
thing; I do not fully accept the theory that
the fact that the House ovtes against some-
thing shows it to be unpopular; this House
is against almost everything that got Tru-
The House votes prove only one thing,
and that is that we need a civil liberties
program to open up Southern elections so
as to get the kind of Southern Democrats
elected who will not vote methodically with
the Republicans on key social issues. I
doubt whether some of these observers
would, in other contexts, find the votes of
conservative Southern representatives to be
unquestionably indicative of deep currents
of popular sentiment.
THE HOUSE VOTES also blow up the
notion that the best way for liberalism
to prosper and succeed is to try to charm
and soothe the other side. The idea that you
can alter the votes of hard-boiled right-
wingers merely by being conciliatory has
been tried elaborately for ten years in the
lower house, and yet there are some who
are still working at it, with stunning faith.
The compromise didn't break up the
right; it actually broke up the liberals, a
couple of dozen of whom voted against it
along with the Southern conservatives and
the Republicans. The suddenly attempted
last-minute compromise made the liberals
look as if they were clutching at straws; it
made them, in a word, look bad, and invited
the mockery which, next morning, rode high
on the editorial pages.
The fact that the liberal side was able
to send the Wood bill back to committee
and avert out-and-out defeat shows that
it had at least a little more strength than
it had appeared to have the day before, when
it suddenly embarked on the compromise
* * *
THE INCIDENT as a whole shows that
the President was right the first time,
that he was right last summer, when he
found a clean break with the Oixiecrats 'to
be an indispensable prerequisite for popular
victory. Some conservative observers are
saying that the President lost on the Taft-
Hartley issue because he was too uncom-
promising with conservatives in his own
party. It seems very odd, after the last elec-
tion, that he should be told any such thing.
The President should, as a matter of
fact, transform this momentary setback
into a clear fighting position, by making
the House action on the Taft-Hartley
issue an argument for a revived civil
Let him use this incident to show how
necessary reform of Southern voting pro-
cedure is, let him make a positive value
out of it, by treating it, not as a defeat
for himself, but as a further argument for
his program, as a clarifying episode in his
fight against the Republican-Southern
Democratic coalition that rules Congress.
His defeat at the hands of poll-taxers is
not a proof that he is wrong, but, rather,
that he is doubly right.
(Copyright, 1949, New York Post Corporation)
Wings Over Berlin
Letters to the Editor-
CONTROVERSY and swarms of proposed
amendments surround the United States
Senate bill which would grant $300,000,000
in federal funds to the states to be used to
aid state school systems.
A look at current American educational
problems should make the need for such a
measure -quite clear.
In about three-fourths of our states,, ele-
mentary school teachers' salaries have not
advanced beyond a minimum of $2,000 a
dear, even for college graduates. At a time
when factory laborers can easily earn fifty
or sixty dollars a week, such a salary is
certainly not very attractive to the ambi-
tious young college graduate.
The complex modern world demands the
services of educated people. People can be
educated well only if they have good teach-
ers, and we can, have good teachers only
if they are paid well.
A $300,000,000 federal education grant
would certainly help the states raise the
salaries of their teachers to a level which
comes a little closer to reflecting the im-
portance of their duties. Unless this is done,
there can be little hope of luring high cal-
ibre people into the ranks of the school
Objections have been raised to the Senate
bill on the grounds that states would be per-
mitted to use federal funds to aid schools
which practice some form of racial discrim-
ination. Sen. Lodge offered an amendment
to the bill, which would have withheld aid
from such schools.
Ideally, the amendment should have been
passed. However, proponents of the educa-
tion bill realize that they need the support
of Southern Senators to insure its passage:
Rather than invoke the ire of the southern-
ers and jeopardize chances for getting some
form of an education bill passed, they chose
to oppose the amendment.
The bill in the Senate is not perfect.
But it is better that we do something to
aid our suffering educational system than
forego all possibility of aid just because
we demand perfection at the outset.
If the bill passes Congress, and if the
states put the $300,000,000 to good use,
there may even be a chance that our educa-
tional system can overcome some of the
racial prejudice which plagues the country.
Even in segregated schools, better teach-
ers procured by use of federal funds can
surely do a better job of teaching students
the "facts of life" about racial differences
than can poor teachers.
STUDENTS at a nearby school, suffering
from the weather and heated class-
rooms, laid down the law yesterday.
The blackboard in one of the classrooms
said: "This Ed. Psych. class is meeting out-
side today. Come if you want, professor."
Problems facing the universities are seep-
(Continued from Page 2)
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
The Scholarship Committee of
the Detroit Association of Univer-
sity of Michigan Women an-
nounces four scholarships of $200
each for the academic year, 1949-
50. Women students whose homes
are located in the Detroit metro-
politan area are eligible to apply.
Awards will be made on the basis
of financial need, University citi-
zenship and academic progress.
Application blanks are available in
the Office of the Dean of Women
and will be accepted until May 15.
Doctoral Examination for Wil-
liam Munger Boothby, Mathemat-
ics; thesis: "A Topological Study
of the Level Curves of Harmonic
Functions"-Friday, May 6, 3:00
p.m., East Alcove, Assembly Hall,
Rackham Building. Chairman, W.
Senior Honors in English: Ap-
plications are now being received
for entrance into the Senior Hon-
ors Course offered by the Depart-
ment of English Language and
Literature. The course is open -to
students who have demonstrated
superior aptitude for and excep-
tional interest in the study of Eng-
lish literature. It is conducted as a
seminar; each student is assigned
to a Tutor, and will be expected to
complete a large amount of inde-
pendent reading. Applications
should be addressed to the English
Honors Committee, and should
consist of a brief statement as to
why the applicant wishes to pur-
sue the course as well as a resume
of his qualificatibns. An up-to-
date blue-print should accompany
all applications, which may be
turned in to any member of the
Committee (Messers Ogden, Mue-
schke, and Litzenberg, Chairman),
or to the English Office. The clos-
ing date is noon, Saturday, May
7th. Students who apply will be
notified of an appointment for
personal interview by the Commit-
Doctoral Examination for No-
land Rall Heiden, Geography;
thesis: "A Land Use Sequence
Study of the Dort Highway Area,
Flint, Michigan," Friday, May 6,
210 Angell Hall, at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, R. B. Hall.
Doctoral Examination for Hil-
ton Atmore Smith, Pathology;
thesis: "Renal Lipidosis," Satur-
day, May 7, 8:00 a.m., 1562 East
Medical Building. Chairman, C. V.
Forestry Assembly: Mr. Fred C.
Simmons, forester in charge of
forest utilization on the Northeast-
ern Forest Experiment Station,
will speak on recent developments
in small logging operations at 11
a.m. Friday, May 6, in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. This talk will
be illustrated with slides and film
and forestry students are expect-
ed to attend. Others who are inter-
ested are invited.
Forest Management Group: Mr.
George Banzhaf will speak on1
"What a Private Employer Expects
from a Forest School Graduate,"
Monday, May 9th, at 7:30 p.m., in
the East Lecture Room of the
Rackham Building. All those in-
terested are welcome to attend.
MAY FESTIVAL-Six concerts,
in Hill Auditorium. Philadelphia
Orchestra at all concerts.
Second concert, Fri., May 6, 8:30.
University Choral Union, Thor
Johnson, conductor; Shirley Rus-
sell, soprano; Martial Singher,
baritone; Benno Moiseiwitsch, pi-
anist. Program: Brahms "Re-
quiem"; and Beethoven Concerto
No. 3 for Piano and Orchestra.
German Coffee Hour: Friday,
3:00-4:30 p.m. Russian Tea Rm.
All interested students and faculty
members are invited.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation-
Services this Friday evening will
begin one-half hour earlier, at
Visitors' Night, Department of
Astronomy-Friday, May 6, 8-10
p.m. in Angell Hall (fifth floor),
for observation of the Moon and
Saturn. Dr. Freeman D. Miller will
give an illustrated talk on, the
Moon in Room 3017 Angell Hall.
The scheduled talk will be given
even though a cloudy sky may pre-
vent observations with the tele-
scope. Children must be accom-
panied by adults. (The last Visi-
tors' Night during the second se-
mester will be held on May 20).
Roger Williams Guild - Open
House at Guild House following
May Festival Concert this evening.
Canterbury Club: 4-6 p.m. Tea
and Open House for all members.
General Semantics Study Group:
Sunday, May 8, 3-5 p.m., Inter-
Picnic: A picnic sponsored by
the 19th-24th district of the As-
sociation of- Independent Men will
be given on May 15, 2:30 p.m. All
independent students living out-
side University Dorms are invited.
The cost of $1.50 per couple should
be paid this week in Room 3C of
the Union, from 2-3 p.m. on Wed.,
Thurs., or Friday. Any students
desiring dates for the occasion
should call Bob Dressel at 2-1531
by Friday evening of this week.
"The Westminster Guild of the
First Presbyterian Church will
have a picnic at the Island, on
Sat., May 7th, from 1:30 to 5:00
p.m., to which everyone is invited.
Meet at 1:30 p.m. at the church.
A.S.C.E.: The student section
will hold it's annual spring pic-
nic Saturday, May 7, at Professor
Housel's farm. Those who wish
transportation shouldi meet at 1
p.m. on the parking lot at the
south end of the West Engineer-
ing Annex. Sign up on the board
outside of Rm. 307 West Engi-
Institute of the Aeronautical
Sciences: Topic: Annual I.A.S.
Faculty Baseball Picnic; Place:
Out Geddes Rd. past riding sta-
bles; Date: Saturday, May 7, 1949;
Time: 1:30 p.m.
All those wanting a ride, meet in
front of East Engineering Bldg. at
1:30 p.m. sharp. Refreshments will
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of subnittng letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
e * * *
To the Editors:
TRAGEDY HAS descenced upon
During the waning moments of
the last session of our beloved
eight o'clock English class, our be-
loved instructor, Donald Q. Hill,
sadly informed us of impending
doom. Quoth he: "On the way to
this beloved class, I cross a rail-
road track. Out of the corner of
mah eye, every morning I spy this
large-sized train lurking in the
shadow of the round-house. He
appears to be steaming with all
hands aboard. Therefore I feel I
am about to be rubbed out by this
ominous monster. If I don't show
up here, Wednesday, you shall
know that I, Donald Q. Hill am
nevermore. "A gasp, a buzz, a
sense of horror swept through the
crowd. There was a spell over us.
We sat staring morbidly, not
knowing what to do. The ominous
bells rang,.the engines roared, and
here it is, two days later and Don-
ald Hill, prophet, scholar, instruc-
tor extra-ordinaire, didn't show.
In fond memory of the above-
mentioned Donald Q. Hill- (who
was rubbed out by a locomotive),
we, his beloved English Class, are
accepting contributions to erect
"Now;no more the juice of
Egypt's Orape shall moist his lip."
-Morticians of the Beloved
Eight O'clock English Class,
* * *
Disappointed .. .
To the Editor:
I JUST SAW the movie "A Letter
to Three Wives" which was re-
viewed so favorably. I must say
I'm disappointed. I don't under-
stand how a movie which pre-
sented such a thinly-veiled attack
on the free enterprise system could
pass the censors. I refer of course
to the unwarranted criticism of
serial stories and commercials.
Commercials form the backbone
of radio. And as such they form
for me and for most of the people
that I know the really interesting
part of any program. Who can
deny the ingenuity and genuine
genius that goes into the creation
of a great many of them. Such
attacks as that made by the af ore-
mentioned movie can only serve
to upset, deceive, and mislead the
great listening public which is for
the most part genuinely satisfied
with the voice of American in-
dustry, namely radio. I say that
some of the best poetry ever
written is to be heard on any pro-
gram-the commercials. Only the
malcontent dares to claim that
anything so thoroughly dead and
meaningless as classical poetry is
superior. Modern radio advertis-
ing, although not all perfect, is a
The much-maligned serial also
scarcely needs a defense. Most of
the literature which we now con-
sider great was not accepted by
the self-styled intellectuals of its
day. And the modern radio serial
is no exception. There is more
human understanding in Stella
Dallas' little finger than can be
found in the whole set of charac-
ters of many of the "great" classic
novels like "Gone With the Wind."
I say give us more of these moving
real-life dramas and less of this
Communistic criticism. There
must be others who feel as I do.
Let's hear from you.
-Willie C. Meacham.
To the Editor:
I HAVE ONLY the greatest re-
spect for Dick Maloy's opinions
on discrimination, but after read-
ing his comments in The Daily, I
find myself obliged to question the
validity of Dick's remarks. Allow
me first to say that my statements
are not to be construed as rep-
resenting those of fraternity men
on this campus or as those of an
officer of the IFC speaking for
that organization. Rather I am
writing as a fraternity man who
has been fortunate enough to be
in a position from which I could
observe the events leading up to
the recent SAC meeting.
The Daily City Editor first
points to the vote of the SAC and
concludes that ". . . all but two
of them (students) oppose the
measure." Dick is plainly off base
in making such a positive state-
ment since the vote was complete-
ly secret. If his statement is based
on inside information, he should
quote his source, so that his read-
ers might better judge the validity
of his conclusions.
The Scratch Pad then drew an-
other opinion from the vote of the
committee stating ". . . that the
student SAC members who were
affiliated with Greek organizations
voted down the line to kill the
measures which would eventually
mean the end to discrimination
among fraternities and sororities."
That any law, edict, decree, or
other form of scratch can mea
the eventual end of discrimina-
tion within any group of society
is in my opinion completely ridic-
ulous. Even the most amateur so-
ciologist will agree that discrim-
ination is the product of our so-
ciety and that the outward evi-
dences of discrimination are bt
reflections of general social con-
ditions. Discrimination is not the
product of the groups to which
In criticizing the IFC's failure
to continue the work begun last
February, Dick allows two facts to
escape his attention: (1) the pres-
ent officers of IFC, elected lust
a little over a week ago, are
pledged to an active handling of
the problem, and (2) the IFC has
a committee which was set up
last March which is empowered
to investigate into discrimination
and propose effective methods for
handling the problems. Delegates
were sent to a recent conference
where ideas were exchanged- with
representatives from other Big Ten
Universities where the problem is
being successfully dealt with.
Discrimination is the product
of several thousand years of so-
cial development; it cannot be
erased in four months.
* * *
Vets' Center .. .
To the Editor:
T HAVE BEEN following with
ggreat interest the fate of M4lh-
igan Veterans' Readjustment Cen-.
ter. This organization for malad-
justed veterans is the only one
of its kind in the country in th t
it admits in-patients as well as
out-patients who are treated by a
most competent staff. Closing
down the Center would not only
rob the patients of treatment
sorely needed for their emotional
problems but would also peril the
nation's progress in mental health.
The Michigan- Veterans' Readjist-
ment Center should be allowed to
continue and should be an e-
ample for other states to follow.
Harry J. Philip (Rep.) proposer dX
the bill to shut down the Center,
cannot possibly have any insight
into the needs of these veterais
or into psychiatric treatment in
MATTER OF FACT:
New Old South
By JOSEPH ALSOP
WASHINGTON-One of the most signifi-
cant political phenomena in Washing-
ton has been concealed, until now, behind
the closed doors of the Senate Foreign
Reltions Committee room. There Senator
Walter F. George of Georgia, most influ-
ential of the Southern conservatives, has
been hammering on Secretary of State Dean
G. Acheson and other witnesses to secure
He wants them to admit that a vote for
the Atlantic Pact will not commit him to
voting funds to implement the pact. This
clearly implies that he means to oppose
rearming Europe, if rearming Europe is
at all costly.
In order to grasp the meaning of George's
new line, what he is doing now must be
contrasted with what he has done in the
past. It was George, for instance, who par-
ticipated in the negotiation of the British
loan agreement; fought the then Secretary
of the Treasury Fred Vinson because he
thought the amount too small; and with
Arthur H. Vandenberg of Michigan led the
battle for the loan in the Senate. Until
now, George has always gone along with
every major foreign policy enactment.
This has been, of course, .the Southern
conservative tradition. At the beginning of
the first Roosevelt administration, there
was still a discernible difference between
right-wing Southerners and right-wing
Northerners, even on domestic issues. Men
like Pat Harrison of Mississippi and the
gigantic, powerful Joseph T. Robinson of
Arkansas, might be deeply conservative at
Harry F. Byrd and George were leading in-
terventionists. Although the anti-Wall Street
attitude had been lost from the Southern
tradition, the world-mindedness (deriving
from cotton's dependence on foreign mar-
kets) still remained.
George's line of questioning in the For-
eign Relations Committee signifies an im-
portant new development. On issues of
foreign policy, as well as on issues of do-
mestic policy, the right-wing Southern-
ers of the Democratic party are now join-
ing hands with the right-wing Northerners
of the Republican party.
The new alliance will play a major role
in this session of Congress, which must
face the fact that we can no longer finance
our foreign policy out of surplus.
The Southerners come from states where
the political oligarchy has been more or
less heavily infiltrated by large business
and large industry. Moreover, the South is
one of the two strongholds of the most
reactionary element in the American business
world-the other, of course, is in certain
areas of the Mid-West. And what has caused
the sudden switch-over of the right-wing
Southerners to the new isolationism is ex-
tremely simple and obvious.
They talk about "preserving the sound-
ness of the American economy." But
what they frankly mean is that they do
not wish to raise taxes in order to pay
for American security in this troubled
world, or for any other purpose.
Very roughly speaking, the importance
of the right-wing Southerners' defection to
.ienlains-m l a rptrmnrlby a 'en-
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