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May 05, 1949 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-05-05

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PAGE rFtia '

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

. .. ... . _ _ _.
. . . :: .:

"'

Election Fraud

Unwise Decision ...
SOME QUESTION has been raised as to
what effect recent Men's Judiciary action
in disqualifying four student candidates will
have on future election "fraud" proceedings
on campus.
By rejecting these men's claims to of-
fice, the way is left open for any voter to
deliberately disqualify a candidate by
casting two ballots and awaiting Men's
Judiciary Council action.
In a future election, suppose supporters
of candidate "A" realizing his chances for
election were slim, fraudulently stuffed the
ballot box on behalf of opposing candidate
"B." Candidate "B," unaware of the action,
would be eliminated from the election as
soon as the ballots were discovered.
In no way is this writer condoning the
fraudulent voting which in the recent dam-
pus election cost Delta Upsilon's candidates
their offices. But the responsibility has
not been fairly laid on the cadidates.
It cannot be denied that Men's Judiciary'
was faced with a difficult decision to make.
They could not allow an election which
was marked by known fraudulent balloting
to go uninvestigated with no person held
responsible. On the other hand, the pub-
licity has not been entirely fair to the
candidates involved because of a situation
oaer which they may have had no con-
trol.
The candidates have every right to
appeal the action of Men's Judiciary
Council. The University must now make
the decision: Has the ruling been fairly
made?
If the Men's Judiciary ruling is upheld by
the University Disciplinary Committee, the
result will be a sweeping precedent that
will greatly weaken our present campus
election system.
-Leonard Wilcox.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
ind represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: FREDRICA WINTERS

Integrity Upheld ... .
THE RECENT DECISION by the Men's
Judiciary Council to disqualify four
winning candidates in the recent campus
election is another concrete step towards
establishing the integrity of student gov-
ernment here on campus.
As the Council stated in their decision, the
evidence pointing to the fact that one fra-
ternity stuffed the ballot box shows that
they obviously were acting "contrary to the
best interests of student government."
No responsible government can hope to
achieve the support of its constituency
if it allows even one of its members to
attain office by resorting to fraud.
Perhaps the candidates individually were
not responsible for the actions of their fra-
ternity brothers and they might have had
no knowledge of the fraud. And what is
even more ironic, they probably would have
been elected without the "support" of the
guilty individuals.
Nevertheless, it was an organization spon-
soring them which was guilty of the crime
and as a member of that organization the
candidates must be charged with part of the
collective guilt. The individuals who actually
stuffed the ballot box should have realized
that they were jeopardizing not only their
own reputations, but also the reputations
of the candidates and the organization to
which they belong.
Undoubtedly if fraud were discovered in
a national election it. would be the candi-
dates who would receive the brunt of the
penalty-not the party sponsoring them..
There has been some fear that the
Judiciary Council's action has established
the precedent that any candidate may be
disqualified if illegal ballots are discov-
ered. But it must be remembered that in
this particular case the evidence directly
pointed toward the guilt of one particular
organization-an organization which was
actively sponsoring the disqualified candi-
dates.
Probably the offending individuals were
not conscious of the implications of their ac-
tions but it is now unlikely that any organ-
ization will ever again take such action.
-Jim Brown.

I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Deflation Puzzle

The
City Editor's
SCRATCH
PAD7
THE CAMPAIGNING which preceded pas-
sage of the twin anti-discrimination
measures featured a lot of confused emo-
tional argumentation.
An examination of the stands of various
persons taking part in the campaign brings
some highly interesting facts to light. It
reveals some pretty discouraging facts about
the supposed progressive views of young peo-
ple.
TAKE THE VOTE for passage of the con-
troversial measures in the Student Af-
fairs Committee, for example. This vote was
secret, but comments of the student SAC
members printed in yesterday's Daily re-
veal that all but two of them oppose the
measure.
This means that the measure man-
aged to squeak through only with the al-
most full support of the faculty members
of the SAC.
We had always thought that progressive
social advances were always pioneered by
young people. But apparently the faculty
members on this campus are more progres-
sivethan most of the so-called student
leaders.
This is even more discouraging when you
notice the affiliations of the seven student
SAC members involved. All but two belong
to Greek-letter organizations. There were
apparently only two student votes for the
measures.
So the obvious conclusion is that the
student SAC members who were affiliated
with Greek organizations voted down the
line to kill the measures which would
eventually mean the end of discrimination
among fraternities and sororities.
Considering the pressure they were under
from their houses this might have been
understandable. However there were those
among the affiliated students who had
enough courage to fight for their convic-
tions in the Student Legislature, despite
house pressure. They deserve a lot of credit.
WE ALSO WERE sickened by some of.the
feeble fraternity arguments against the
anti-discrimination rules.
"Let us alone to work it out by ourselves,
don't pressure us" they whined.
Of course they have been trying to work
the thing out by themselves for the last
several decades and have gotten exactly no-
where.
* * *
IT WOULD HAVE BEEN a fine thing if
the Greek-letter people could have con-
tinued the fine work they started when this
controversy got hot here on the campus at
the beginning of the semester.
They took a close look avt theimselves and
came up with the public announcement that
40 per cent of their individual houses prac-
ticed some kind of discrimination. But then
they let the thing drop.
Instead of vigorously proceedingto
wipe out those blots they half-heartedly
promised to attack the problem at the
national fraternity level.'
As soon as something was done locally,
in the way of the twin Student Legislature
resolutions designed to eventually wipe out
fraternity discrimination, the affiliated
people started stalling for time.
They hunted frantically for some way
to stop the two measures from passing. -It
would have been a fine thing if they'could
have had the courage to face the problem
here at Michigan instead of passing the
buck to the top level.
-Dick Maloy.

MATTER OF FACT:
By JOSEPH ALSOP
WASHINGTON - Secretary of Defense
Louis Johnson has been making the
easy decisions so far. He has shifted of-
fices. He has abolished boards. He has put
a burr under the tail of the Joint Chiefs
of Staff to hasten them in their task of
evolving a unified strategic concept. And
he has stopped work on the Navy's giant
carrier.
It may seem odd to call this last decision
easy, when it has caused so much com-
motion. But a simple listing of the factors
involved will show why the decision was
simple to the point of being unavoidable.
Among the factors against the carrier,
cost was most obvious. The price tag on the
carrier itself was between $150 and $200
million. The aircraft to fly from it had not
been perfected, but were expected to cost
a great many millions more. The over-all
investment in the carrier task force was
estimated to run from $1.5 to $2 billion
dollars.
Then, on a deeper level, there was the
carrier's relationship to what the experts
call the broader weapons system. What

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

By SAMUEL GRAFTON
I'VE BEEN ASKING retailers how business
is-not the big operators, but limiting
myself to the kind of proprietor who still
stands behind the counter in his own store,
even though he may have-five or six clerks
hemming him.
The results are odd and obscure, and I
don't say they prove anything, but maybe
they lend a little weight to my theory that
the inflation is over psychologically without
being over actually.
ONE MAN, in household goods, told me,
in a kind-of puzzled way, that his bus-
iness,. was running sixty per cent ahead of
a year ago. He knew this shouldn't be so,
,c.nd he took out his books to show me; not
.1

in pride, but with the air
closing a curiosity.

of a man dis-

ART

When Doctors Disagee

Letters to the Editor-

SPARKED by contributions of University
art professors, the annual Ann Arbor
Art Association exhibit gives evidence of
considerable local talent.
The paintings, sculpture and ceramics,
though not always inspired, are consistently
competent. And, in spite of a general sim-
ilarity in subject matter and technique,
there is enough variety for an interesting
show.
Most of the outstanding works seem to
have come from the art faculty. Paintings
representing the familiar styles of such pro-
fessors as James Prendergast, Richard Wilt,
Chet LaMore and Donald Gooch are espe-
cially worthwhile.
Prendergast's "Death of a China Clipper"
is a particularly eloquent expression of the
artist's style. His clever handling of spots
of color and curved lines is also shown in "A
Walk in the Jungle."
A rather intriguing trio of distorted people
are treated in Wilt's "Three Bad Men," ex-
ecuted in blue, orange and red tones. "Young
Bird" by LaMore is another very expressive
work, somewhat similar in technique to a
Paul Klee.
Gooch's "Apocalyptic Vision" is quite pow-
erful in general handling as well as theme.
A nice design of motion is created by the
athletic figures in Jean Paul Slusser's
"Rough Neck Rhythm," despite their slightly
stiff poses.
Other art professors with interesting
paintings in the exhibit include Gerome
Kamrowski, with his typical, but very fine
"XX," and Carlos Lopez, with a work some-
what reminiscent of Beckmann's "Begin the
.eguine.
mgt f te' 4-.~~ ,infinmq byho n-faculty me'nm-

He has a good location, but he hasn't
been doing any unusual promotion. "I
know that business is bad," he said, "but
"I only know it from reading about it in
the papers. Why does the trend pass me
up?"
I asked him if he was cutting down his
orders.
"Oh, no," he said. "How can you, with all
this talk of bad business that's going
around? Everybody's so cautious, it's got
me and I've put off buying a car."
So the inflation is over for him, per-
sonally, though he is making more money
than ever before. As a state of mind it's
gone, though the actuality persists. I feel
this is one of the results that have been ac-
complished by conservative observers who
have made such a hullaballoo about the
meager three per cent decline in the cost
of living since last August. Perhaps they
thought' they were merely starving off labor
demands for wage increases, but they have
convinced many people of the reality of a
deflation that is still just a little hard to
prove by price and volume records.
* * *
ANOTHER RETAILER told me, and
showed it on his records, that his vol-
ume is up twelve per cent, compared with
last year. "But here's a funny thing," he
said, "collections are slow. I don't get it.
They come in and buy, as much as ever,
or more, they want quality, and they don't
worry too much about price. But they hold
off on writing those checks. I know they
have the money, these are good, solid old
accounts, but they've gone slow."
dtWhy?"
"I don't know. Maybe there's something
about talk that business is bad that makes
people want to hang on to their cash,
even after they've bought the goods."
Again you get that funny feeling, of a
mixed-up situation, in which people are
psychologically finished with the inflation,
even though they're still, so to speak, living
with it.
* * *
ONE MAN, in a luxury line told me flatly
that business has been down since Jan-
uary 1. This, however, is seasonal in his
field. He has just spent a good deal of
money improving his house, which is not
deflation behavior. .His theory, he said, is
that he'd rather spend it now and enjoy
it than leave it for the government to take
in inheritance taxes. lie does feel that there
would have been a deflation by now, except
for government spending, and that it would
be better, on the whole, to let it happen,
and get it over with, than to stave it off
and have it come later, anyway.

(Continued from Page 2)
The Scholarship Committee of
the Detroit Association of Univer-
sity of Michigan Women an-
nounces four scholarships of $200
each for the academic year, 1949-
50. Women students whose homes
are located in the Detroit metro-
politan area are eligible to apply.
Awards will be made on the basis
of financial need, University citi-
zenship and academic progress.
Application blanks are available in
the Office of the Dean of Women
and will be accepted until May 15.
Doctoral Examination for Wil-
liam Munger Boothby, Mathemat-
ics; thesis: "A Topological Study
of the Level Curves of Harmonic
Functions"-Friday, May 6, 3:00
p.m., East Alcove, Assembly Hall,
Rackham Building. Chairman, W.
Kaplan.
Lectures
Mr. William A. Chalmers, Ford
Motor Company Account Execu-
tive and.:Vice President of Kenyon
and Eckhardt, Inc. Advertising
Agency, New York, will speak on
"Radio and Television Program-
ming" with special reference to
the "Ford Theatre of the Air" and
"FoYd'TheU'Isin Theatr' dt '3:00,
today, May 5, in the Rackham Am-
phitheatre. Students enrolled in
radio courses of the Speech De-
partment are expected to attend.
Open to the public.
Forestry Assembly: Mr. Fred C.
Simmons, forester in charge of
forest utilization on the Northeast-
ern Forest Experiment Station,
will speak on recent developments
in small logging operations at 11
a.m. Friday, May 6, in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. This talk will
be illustrated with slides and film
and forestry students are expect-
ed to attend. Others who are inter-
ested are invited.
Concerts
MAY FESTIVAL-Six concerts,
in Hill Auditorium. Philadelphia
Orchestra at all concerts.
First concert, Thurs., May 5,
8:30. All-Wagner program; Set
Svanholm, tenor; Eugene Orman-
dy, conductor. Program: Prelude
to "Parsifal"; "Gralserzablung"
from "Lohengrin"; Rome Narra-
tive from "Tannhauser; Alberich's
Invocation and Entrance of the
Gods from "Rheingold"; Sieg-
fried's Funeral Music from "Got-
terdammerung"; Siegmund's Mon-
ologue and "Wintersturme" from
"Die Walkure; Forging Song from
"Siegfried"; Prelude to Act III,
Dance of the Apprentices and En-
trance of the Mastersingers from
"Die Meistersinger".
Carillon Recitals: Instead of the
usual Thursday and Sunday pro-
grams, Professor Percival' Price,
University Carillonneur, will play a
half-hour program before each of
the May Festival concerts. His
regular recitals scheduled' for 7:15
Thursday evening and 2:15 Sun-
day afternoon will be resumed be
ginning May 12.
Events Today
Student-Faiculty hour thi
Thursday, May 5, from 4-5 p.m
in the Grand Rapids Room of the
League. The Philosophy depart
ment will be guests. Co-sponsored

by Assembly and Pan-hel associa- p
tions.y
The Tau Beta Pi meeting this t
Thursday at 7:15 will be held in v
Room 348, W. Engr. Bldg. instead I
of the Michigan Union.
International Center weekly tea
for all foreign students and Ameri-r
can friends, 4:30-6 p.m., Thurs.,
May 5, International Center. r
U. of M. Rifle Club: Thurs., Mayr
5 at 7 p.m. in the ROTC range a 402
round prone match for all mem-
bers. Equipment is available. Clas-f
sified medals including novicev
class. 4 position match at 8 p.m.s
Young Democrats: Meeting to-s
day at the Union, 7:30 p.m. Nomi-l
nation of officers. Prof. Vernon
will speak on "The Benelux Na-i
tions and Western Union."
Young Progressives meeting on1
Thursday, May 5, at 7:30 p.m. in
Room 18, Angell Hall. David Leon-
ard of the History Department will
speak on the North Atlantic Pact.I
La p'tite causette: Today, 3:30t
p.m., Grill Room, Michigant
League.1
The Marketing-Club student af-
filiate of the American Marketing
Association will have a meeting9
and a movie tonight in Room 131
Business Administration Building,
at 7:30 p.m. THE THINGS PEO-
PLE WANT is the movie and tells
of selling in a competitive market.
All those interested are invited.
Refreshments.
i i
Hillel Foundation: There will be
a meeting of the UJA Central
Committee at the Union in Room
3N at 4:15 for all captains and
their solicitors.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Social committee meeting today,
4:15 p.m. at the Union.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
There will be full rehearsals both
Thursday and Friday at 7
p.m. in the Michigan League.
Arts Chorale: Meeting 7 p.m.,
Burton Tower.
Coming Events
German Coffee Hour: Friday,
3:00-4:30 p.m. Russian Tea Rm.
All interested students and faculty
members are invited.
Canterbury Club: Holiday House
weekend, May 13-15, at Pine Lake,
Mich. Cost $6.50. Bus leaves Can-
terbury House 5:00 p.m. Friday,
May 13. For reservations, call
2-4097.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation-
Services this Friday evening will
begin one-half hour earlier, a
' 7:15 p.m.
Visitors' Night, Department of
Astronomy-Friday, May 6, 8-10
p.m. in Angell Hall (fifth floor),
for observation of the Moon and
Saturn. Dr. Freeman D. Miller will
give an illustrated talk on the
Moon in Room 3017 Angell Hall.
The scheduled talk will be given
even though a cloudy sky may pre-
s vent observations with the tele-
. scope. Children must be accom-
e panied by adults. (The last Visi-
- tors' Night during the second se-
a mester will be held on May 20).

The Daily accords its readers the c
privilege of submitting letters for s
publication in this column. Subject g
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish In the order in whic
they are received all letters bearing m
the writer's signature and address. m
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti- i
tious letters and letters of a defama- g
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste 'will not be published, The a
editors rserve the priviege of con- C
densing letters. i
* S S m
p
L Pioposal ...t
o the Editors: t
rHE NSA Committee of the Stu-
dent, Legislature is vitally in-j
erested in the proposed reform of
3L currently being discussed in 7
his column. In this letter we
>resent a substitute to the pro-
osal of ancther committee of SL.
t should be stated at the outset k
hat we' appreciate the effort ex- b
>ended by Bill Miller's Committee s
nd agree with its findings as toe
he need for coordination of or- a
;anizations on this campus. Weu
lso believe it should be the func-a
ion of the SL to provide a methodo
f coordination. We disagree witho
he methods proposed by that
ommittee.I
Whereas the Miller proposal f
would provide non-voting mem- b
aership for representatives of the t
7 "major" organizations on cam- f
pus, we feel the need extends be-a
yond these 7 organizations. Wes
also feel that providing organiza-e
tional representation in SL would l
violate the basic concept of a Leg-t
slature, as constracted with a
Student Council, and would nots
approach solution to the problem.r
Our proposal is for a coordi-
nating committee in which all
cahpus organizations would be
represented with full voting priv-
ileges on the committee. The com-
mittee would also be composed of
3 members of SL.7
This committee would meet and
function regularly. Subcommittees
would be established to carry on
specific projects without delay1
(e.g. foreign student hospitality,
study of discrimination, Michigan
Forum, etc.).
Activities of eachborganization
represented would be discussed.
Overlapping, duplications, and un-
due competition would be elim-
mated and coordinated activity<
substituted.I
The representatives in the
committees would not hold SL1
memberships.
This plan is in no way intended
to subordinate all student groups
to Student Legislature. The pur-I
pose is coordination of a diver-I
sified student community.
Consider the merits.of this plan
as to method. and effect. Its super-
iority should prove itself.
-Richard F. Hooker,
NSA Chairman.
Discrimination . ..
To the Editor:
THE NATIONAL NSA President,
Ted Harris, has stated it is
the duty of students to voice their
opinions on issues of the day, so
I shall continue the discussion of
the anti-discrimination fight as
evidenced by the SL resolution, the
state bill to prevent discrimina-
tion in education, FEPC, etc.
It is agreed that the University
should not discriminate as to in-
dividuals. Why should it then dis-
criminate as to groups by ref us-
ing recognition to some of them?
If it allows recognition to all
groups that ask for it, how can
it be said that any group, person,
or opinion is discriminated
against? If the University refuses
to recognize some groups because
they restrict membership, then the
University is forcing its moral
judgments of right and wrong
upon its students. Many people

seem to feel that it is the func-
tion of the state to force their
particular moral judgments on the
rest of the people. This works
nicely as long as they control the
state, but when political tides
change as they ilways do and
they lose control, the precedent
of the right of the state to pass
moral judgments has beenrestab-
lished and may work to restrict
their freedom, not just someone
else's freedom. The state, under a
different leadership, may deal
harshly with the minority group,
just as it does in the Southto-
day.
Hitler thought that race prob-
lems were within the scope of
state authority. We all know what
happened when he forced his
judgments about race on the Ger-
man people. If the state can force
one type of judgment on the peo-
ple itycan force another. The only
way to protect the individual
against this danger is to support
the principle that the state should
not pass moral judgment for its

itizens in such matters, but
hould treat all persons and
roups equally.
Discrimination is an individual
natter and exists only where one
nan forms an opinion, however
rrational, about another man or
roups. The only way to end it
s to change that man's opinion,
mnd a law cannot force a man to
hange his opinion. Ant-discrim
nation crusaders should consider
nore how they can convince peo-
le that discrimination is irra-
ional than how they can impose
heir will by law or force.
--Stanley Dotle.
For Johnson...
ro the Editor:
VOLUMES COULD BE written
in argument of the land-based
ong-range bomber versus carrier-
ased bomber issue. We cannot be
ure where service-born preudice
eds and sincerity begins. But lest
a recent letter to the editor go
unbuffered let it be said that there
are those who comment Secretary
of Defense Johnson for his stand
on the aircraft carrier issue.
Duplication and the resulting
inefficiency and antagonism ti
fields of administration, strategic
bombing, and amphibian opera-
ions are rampant in our armed
forces. When anyone attempts to
assign "areas of responsibility"
and straighten out the snarl sone-
one who suddenly has become no
longer important howls of a foul.
blow or "atrocious maners."
Secretary Johnson is in a touchy
spot, but, nevertheless, is on the
road to real unification. Here is
a vote of confidence for Secretary
Johnson.
-R. J. Kern.
Warmed Over .
To the Editor:
I APPLAUD The Daily's position
of encouraging the newer staff
members to write editorials. It
does seem, however, that thi
practice should be restrictedto
cases where the writer really ha5
something concrete to say. "'A et
tain Mr. Don Kotite'has recently
developed the knack of transpos-
ing "angle" stories from the third
or fourth page of the Free- Press
to the editorial page of-The' Daily.
The piece on anti-Semitism-.in-'
Russia in the May 4 issue is
horrible example. It consists o
90 per cent verbatim transcribing
of a very vague article in the
previous day's Free Press, distin-
guished more for innuendo than
f or any substatial facts. -To this
Mr. Kotite adds about 0 per cent
of his own innuendo and mixed
metaphors and presto, an editorial
is born.
Surely The Daily can grace its
pages with better material than
warmed-over Free Press.
-David Saletan.-
t3rdt ruBa
n 1 Al

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control ad
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harriett Friedman ....Managing Editor
Dick Maloy ...........C....tMy Editos
Naomi Stern ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ...Associate ditot
Al Blumrosen ........Associate Edital
Leon Jaroff ..... .... .Associate Editot
Robert C. White .. .. ..Associate Editor
B. S. Brown ....... Sports Editor
Bud Weidentha . .Associate Sports Rd,
Bev Bussey .....Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery.....Women's Editor
Mary Ann Harris Asso. Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ...
Business Staff
Richard Hait .......Business Mallaga
Jean Leonard ....Advertising ManugeI
William Culman ... .Finance Manas
Cole Christian ... .Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Pres
The Associated Press is exclusly
entitled to the use for republioation
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all othEl
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at mA
Arbor, Michigan. as ueoond-c1a mss
matter.
Subscription during the rsgzla
school year by varrier, $&M.by all.
s6.wa

the carrier was designed to do is approxi-
mately what a B-36 can do already. The
carrier would have been employed, at un-
economic expense, to do the same job
other now projected weapons will be cap-

BARNABY

j Thought you might fell Barnaby
about my part in promulgating

I never forget a face, but...

I

Ab yes, O'MALLEY-l knew
the face was familiar!.What

I[*Atlas ;S I

II

I

II

- it

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