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May 04, 1949 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-05-04

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STUDENT

CAUSE
See Page 4

Lwest zdinyrn
Latest Deadline in the State

#a344

COOLER

VOL. LIX, No. 150 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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Seek 'U'Budge t H

Ruthven Asks
Hou'se Group
For Meeting
Sees Problem
In Proposed Cut
By JIM BROWN
President Alexander G. Ruth-
ven yesterday requested a State
Legislative hearing on the prob-
lem facing the University as the
result of a threatened appropria-
tion slash.
STEMMING FROM a House
Ways and Means subcommittee
recommendation that the Univer-
sity's budget be cut by $1,500,000
next year, President Ruthven's re-
quest went out by wire to Ways
and; Means Committee Chairman,
John P. Espie.
His action followed receipt of
a letter from Rep. Rollo G. Con-
lin, Educational Subcommittee
chairman, restating the terms
of his committee's recommenda-
tions.
The subcommittee last recom-
mended an operations budget of
$10,986,315 for the University,
nearly a million dollars below the
governor's recommer dation.
EARLIER, the University had
asked $12,500,000, part of which
was to finance salary increases
and the hiring of 73 additional
faculty members "to maintain the
school's academic standing."
It was reported that t'onlin
had sent identical letters, notn4
the possibility of "talking the
problem over," with President
Ruthven, President John A.
Hannah of Michigan State Col-
lege anld President 'Eugene P.
Elliott of Michigan State Nor-
mal College, all of whose insti-,
tutions are affected by the rec-
ommended budgetary cuts.
In his request for a hearing
President Ruthven stated that the
University "could not possibly bal-
ance its budget" on the basis of
the allowance recommended.
"Such a reduction would con-
stitute the worst blow the Univer-
sity has had in many years." he
said in a statement later. "
* * *
MSC Students,
Vets Oppose
Pared Budget
The State Legislature Ways and
Means Committee's slash of Mich-
igan State College appropriations
has met strong dissent from veter-
ans' organizations and students
alike.
THE COMMITTEE pared the
College's $8,500,492 proposed
budget to $7,163,254, and may ne-
cessitate the suspension of sum-
mer school sessions at the College,
according to President John A.
Hannah.
The American Legion and
Veterans of Foreign Wars is-
sued yesterday a joint statement
that veterans would "have their
education and very subsistence
jeopardized by this lack of
funds."
John A. Sloss, chairman of the
University chapter of the Ameri-
can Veterans' Committee, said that
veterans could work during the
summertime as well as anyone

else, "to throw thousands of veter-
ans or any workers on to the al-
ready full labor market at this
time would have dangerous effects
-on labor stability in the country."
MSC students, too, were on the
warpath. They packed the House

House Approves
Wood Labor Bill

WASHINGTON - (k') - The
Wood Bill, retaining most of the
Taft-Hartley Act, was approved by
the House last night on a 217 to
203 roll-call vote which dealt the
Truman Administration a smash-
ing defeat.
Some further parliamentary
maneuvering was in store before
Formula for
Rental Hike
Affects Cityi)
By DON KOTITE
Washington's new rent hike for-
mula will "definitely affect" Ann
Arbor rooming -houses and rental
units and will enable more land-
lords to discover if they are op-
erating at a, loss, according to
William W. Hamilton, local rent
control representative.
The rules, announced yesterday
by Housing Expediter Tighe E.
Woods as part of Congress' new
rent control law, assert land-
lords may raise rents to bring
their net operating income up to
30 per cent.
* * *
HAMILTON PREDICTED the
formula will "help many local
landlords," and that "I will prob-
ably be deluged today with tenants
protesting its justification."
Prof. Herbert Taggart, of the
business administration school,
assailed the 30 per cent figure
as "a little generous," but
praised the formula as "fairly
ingenious from the standpoint
of administration.
"Because of the shortage of rent
housing, this rule may encourage
a desirable rental unit boom," he
said.
Terming it a "strange sort of
formula," Prof. Richard Musgrave
of the economics department said
the rule is bad because it fails to
state definitely the "fair net op-
erating income."
WHAT WILL ITS effects be? "It
should encourage housing im-
provements, not new housing,
since the latter is not under rent
control jurisdiction," Prof. Mus-
grave said.
It will affect new housing by
causing many to move into smaller
quarters to avoid payment of full
current costs, he added. "And the
resale value of old houses will be
raised, because landlords will now
get more rent from them."

the bill could clear the House and
go to the Senate.
* * *
BUT A COALITION of Southern
Democrats and northern Republi-
cans bent on retaining the Taft-
Hartley Law largely intact was
jubilant.
Conversely, the administration
forces, which sought repeal of the
T-H Law and revival of the old
Wagner Act in modified form,
were plunged into gloom.
On the roll call test 146 Re-
publicans joined 71 Democrats
in voting for the Wood Bill. Vot-
ing against it were 180 Demo-
crats, 22 Republicans and one
American-Labor.
Before the roll call vote, the
House had tentatively approved
the Wood Bill on a non-record
tally of 210 to 196.
* * *
PREVIOUSLY the Dixie-Re-
publican coalition had chalked up
an important preliminary victory
when the House knocked down,
211 to 183, a compromise put for-
ward by the Democratic leader-
ship.
Final passage of the Wood
Bill was delayed by Rep. Mar-
cantonlo (AL-NY).
Just as the final vote was
reached, he demanded that an en-
grossed copy on the bill be read.
This request can be made if any
amendments have been adopted.
Engrossment is a special print-
ing process, which prints the legis-
lation, as amended, in its final
form. In the case of a bulky bill,
as the Wood measure is, it means a
delay at least overnight.
Legion Joins
Budget Fiht
Members of the local American
Legion Post last night joined the
fight against the Veterans' Read-
justment Center's appropriations
slash by resolving to contact their
individual Lansing representatives.
At a meeting attended by men
of the Ann Arbor Veterans' Coun-
cil, local citizens and Center pa-
tients, Legionnaires pledged their
support to what Post Commander
Roy Bird called "a definite need
to continue clinic operations."
Meanwhile, at the Center, sev-
eral patients made plans to "put
pressure" on Lewis Christman
(Rep.), representative from Ann
Arbor, according to Paul Parkus,
one of the veteran in-patients.

General Clay
Resigns Post
In Germany
Opens Way for
Civilian Officer
WASHINGTON-(P)-Gen. Lu-
cius D. Clay will be relieved as
U.S. Military Commander in Ger-
many May 15 at his own request.
* * *
PRESIDENT TRUMAN, mak-
ing the announcement lastnight,
said Clay deserves the thanks of
the American people for his ex-
ecution of "one of the toughest
tasks and accomplishments of
American history."
Yesterday's development opens
the way for the appointment of
the first Civilian High Commis-
sioner for Germany.
It is an open secret that
President Truman and Secre-
tary of State Acheson are try-
ing to persuade John J. Mc-
Cloy to take that assignment.
McCloy is now President of the
International Bank for Recon-
struction and Development-a
position which carries a $30,000
a year tax-free salary.
PRAISING CLAY for his han-
dling of "a prodigious task of ad-
ministration," Mr. Truman noted
that the four-star general had
repeatedly asked to be relieved
from his post.
Pending appointment of a Civil-
ian Commissioner, Mr. Truman
announced that Lt. Gen. Clarence
R. Buebner and Maj. Gen. Roy P.
Hays, Clay's military and military
government deputies, will carry
on his work.
The Army said no decision has
been reached about Clay's suc-
cessor as military commander.
There has been some talk that
the job might go to Gen. Mark
Clark.
Dsqualified
Politicos May
Appeal-- Walter
The University Disciplinary
Committee will try the case of the
four disqualified candidates after
they submit written appeals,
Erich A. Walter, dean of students,
told The Daily yesterday.
The candidates said they would
prepare appeals immediately.
THE FOUR candidates nomi-
nation for student government
posts were disqualified Saturday
by the Men's Judiciary Council
because ballots bearing their name
had been stuffed into the engine
arch ballot box during the recent
elections.
While the Men's Judiciary
Constitution does not provide
for an appeal, "The circum-
stance of the case are such that
the parties in question should
be given an opportunity to ap-
peal," Bill Reitzer, '51L, Coun-
cil president, said.
Disqualified were Tom Sparrow,
'52E, Student Legislature mem-
ber; Morgan Ramsay, 'BAd,
candidate for combined schools
Union vice-presidency and Roger
Vogel, '51E and Jim Morse, '52E,
candidates for engineering school
junior and sophomore class presi-
dents respectively.

An Editorial...
No student organization can ever again expect Uni.
versity recognition if its constitution contains a discrim.
inatory clause. This is the effect of yesterday's Student
Affairs Committee decision.
The action is the first result of several months effort
on the part of student leaders in IFC, Pan Hel and the
Student Legislature to determine the extent of discrimin-
ation here and do something about it.
All deserve credit for realizing that unreasoning
prejudice can have no permanent place in a democratic
community.
But yesterday's action should bring hope, not con-
tentment.
IFC and Pan Hel have pledged themselves to a
campaign of education and action against existing dis-
criminatory practices.
The next move is up to them.
The Senior Editors.
LODGE BLOC LOSES:
Seniate Routs Anti-Bias
Clause1in EduainBl

Gains Passage b
One-Vote Margin
By HARRIETT FRIEDMAN
A hotly-debated motion denying University recognition to any
future organization which prohibits membership because of race,
creed or color passed the Student Affairs Committee yesterday by
a one-vote margin.
The history-making vote followed two hours of testimony by in-
terested campus representatives and an hour of discussion by the
13-man committee. * *

Disputed

Motior

WASHINGTON-(NP)-Th Sen-
ate yesterday snowed under an at-
tempt to write an anti-segregation
amendment into a 4300,000,000
school aid bill.
By a vote of 65 to 16, it rejected
a proposal by Senator Lodge (Rep.,
Mass.) to bar distribution of any of
,the federal funds to states whose
public elementary and secondary
schools are not open to pupils
Strike Called
On'Speed Up'
At FordPlant
By The Associated Press
DETROIT-Local union officers
have ordered 60,000 Ford workers
to strike today.
A walkout to occur at noon to-
morrow was subsequently author-
ized by the CIO United Auto
Workers InternationalExecutive
Board. Local officers did not re-
veal whether they would conform
to the international's later dead-
line or go ahead with their own
plans.
The strike, scheduled for Ford's
huge Pouge plant, would tie up
most of the company's far-flung
operations.
Reason for the strike is an al-
leged speed-up in assembly lines.
Both the local and UAW Presi-
dent Walter P. Reuther charged
that Ford had speeded up the
lines again yesterday. Ford has
repeatedly denied a speed-up ex-
isted.
The Rouge strike would coin-
cide with a scheduled walkout of
3,500 workers at Ford's Lincoln-
Mercury plant tomorrow. An al-
leged speed-up also is at issue
there.
Feeling has been running high
among Rouge workers for a strike.
Observers believed the interna-
tional was forced to move quickly
after the local's walkout order,
to prevent a conflict within the
union.

"without regardI
creed or national
* *

to race,
origin."
*

color,'

FIFTEEN Republicans voted
with Lodge for his amendment.
It was opposed by 48 Democrats
and 17 Republicans.
Opponents of the amendment
said it was an effort to kill the
bill; that Southern Senators
would be united against any
measure that would make the
price of aid the abolishment of
the South's separate school sys-
tem for White and Negro chil-
dren.
Lodge denied he was trying to
kill the bill. He said that "Fed-
eral aid to education must not
mean federal aid to segregation,
and that is what will happen if
we use the federal dollar as this
bill contemplates."
Northern Democrats and Re-
publicans led the fight against
Lodge's amendment while the
Southerners, for the most part,
kept out of the argument.
Senator Humphrey (Dem.,
Minn.), one of the foremost ad-
vocates of President Truman's
"Civil Rights" Program, opposed
the amendment.
"As much as I detest segrega-
tion, I love education more," he
said, adding that he thought the
Federal government ought to
spend at least $1,000,000,000 a year
on the schools.
IT WAS the second defeat in two
days for Lodge. But a vote of 68
to 11, the Senate Monday turned
down his proposal to revise the aid
formula so as to giverthesstates a
flat $10 a year for each school age
child.
'Ensian Meeting
Students interested in peti-
tioning for 'Ensian Junior Staff
positions will meet today at
4:30, in the Publications Build-
ing.

ORIGINALLY PASSED last
month by the Student Legislature,
which then recommended SAC ac-
tion, the ruling sets up new cri-
teria for barring groups which
apply in the future with discrim-
inatory clauses in their constitu-
tions. It does not affect organi-
zations already recognized.
A second SL-sponsored mo-
tion calling for filing of consti-
tutions by all campus organiza-
tions was passed by SAC in
revised form.
After affiliated students on the
committee pointed to difficulties
in removing secret rituals from
fraternity constitutions, the mo-
tion was changed to allow filing
of "constitutional forms" which
provide the essential information
demanded for recognizing groups.
TWO OTHER moves against
discrimination proposed by the
affiliated groups themselves were
outlined during the testimony on
the motions.
Pan-Hellenic President Mary
Stierer revealed a ruling passed
by sorority presidents which re-
quires all sororities to abolish
discriminatory clauses.
IFC Vice-President Dick Morri-
son, speaking against the SL mo-
tions, proposed an alternate plan
used by the University of Minne-
sota IFC which is educating
against discrimination through
social contact, discussion, noted
speakers and printed leaflets.
(IFC President Harold "Jake"
Jacobson said last night that such
a program for this campus will be
brought before house presidents at
next Tuesday's meeting.)
* * *
EIGHT STUDENTS and a fra-
ternity alumnus presented testi-
mony on the two SL motions be-
fore the committee took action.
The fraternity stand was
summed up by Stan Crapo's plea
for a "stay of execution," while
those for the motions argued
that fraternities would get more
benefit than harm.
Retiring IFC president Bruce
Lockwood explained that the
fraternity men themselves were
against discrimination but "fra-
ternities would like to carry this
thing through themselves."
* * *
MORRISON ADDED that "we
haven't had a clear-cut chance to
solve this problem . . . dealing
with traditions and prejudices
which are the result of our social
system."
He suggested, in addition to the
alternative educational program.
annual progress reports to SAC
on fraternities' efforts to "clean
our own house."
Fraternity representatives al-
so argued that passing the two
See SAC, Page 2

tyroup neaus
Divided Over
SAC Ruling.
Affiliated leaders offered reluc-
tant support after hearing of yes-
terday's SAC action but adherents
of the proposals voiced enthusias-
tic approval.
"We will do our best to help any
group coming on campus to be-
come eligible under the new rul-
ing," IFC President "Jake" Jacob-
son said. "A program of education
and action will continue with
IFC's wholehearted support."
* * *
"NOW THAT the ruling is
passed, all groups will do all in
their power to make it workable,"
Union President Bob Holland com-
mented., He added, however, that
he is "still in favor of action from
within by the students concerned
and still of the belief that yol
can't legislate social mores."
On the other side, SL presi-
dent Jim Jans was "delighted to
see that the SL proposal was
carried out," and Harvey Weis-
berg, NSA, called it a "positive
contribution toward the realiza-
tion of a basic democratic ob-
jective-the elimination of dis-
crimination."
Other comments:
Bruce Lockwood: "I predict that
through the action of SL and over
protests of the fraternities, tae
New Rules
1. That every student organ-
ization recognized by this Com-
mittee file in the Office of
Student Affairs a constitution
or constitutional form which
satisfies the pattern set forth
in the University regulations,
"Concerning Student Affairs,
Conduct, and Discipline."
2. That the Committee re-
fuse to recognize any future or-
ganization which prohibits
membership in the organiza-
tion because of race, religion,
or color.
SAC will in the coming school year
pass a resolution that will parallel
the Minnesota anti-discrimination
rule." (This rule sets a definite
date by which time all discrimina-
tion clauses must be out of con-
stitutions.)
* - *

UNANIMOUS CHOICE:
Walt Hansen Takes Over
As New AIM President
Walt Hansen, '50, was elected dependent Men at an AIM execu-
president of the Association of In- tive council meeting last night.
HANSEN was elected by a unan-
imous vote of the council. He is a
pre-law student, an SL member,

AROUND THE LAKES:
Cruise Plans Await Senior Re act iti

and lives in Prescott House in
East Quad.
He has been on the AIM coun-
cil since the fall of 1947, the or-
ganization's first active year.
Considering his future program,
Hansen said that he would like to
install an activity card system to
better consolidate the organiza-
tion's membership and to stimu-
late more independent participa-
tion in campus affairs.

_

TagDay
Today is Tag Day for the
University Fresh Air Camp,
traditional student project.
Volunteer student bucket
watchers will staff 36 contribu-

Plans for the graduating seniors'
three day cruise will be formulated
if Senior Board members report
enough student interest at their
special meeting to be held at 4
p.m. tomorrow in the Union..
President Val Johnson, who has
arranged with a local travel
agency to secure the S.S. North
American June 5 to 7 for the

sion from Detroit, through the
Straits of Mackinac to Chicago
and back, all for $37.40.
"Train transportation from
Chicago doesn't have to be in-
cluded," Johnson emphasized,
adding that this may be deduct-
ed from the overall expense.
Stressing the "rock bottom
price," Johnson pointed out that
manl %rinilriar,_ 41, "tha ,i'd-

JOHNSON SAID that the trip
would help round out the week
prior to graduation and could be
readily fitted in if the senior pic-
nic were changed to June 9 and
the parents-students tea, spon-
sored by President Alexander G.
Ruthven, to June 10.
"We are all cognizant . . . that
Mffir.hi-' a ,- rnt~ilr1 ha i, mnnt cphnol

MARIAN TRAPP, SL and SAC:
"Quite regrettable. I still believe
that IFC and Panhel could have
done the job without outside inter-
ference."
Pat Hannagan, Woman's Ju-
diciary: "I agree with the ideal,
but feel absolutely that action
must some from within groups
as far as existing organizations
are concerned."
Tom Walsh, SL: "I. am very
happy we took this action for the
campus. I hope through NSA and
its 300 members, this can be made
a national pattern."
Johnson To Speak

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