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May 03, 1949 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-05-03

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FANTASY
See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State

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FAIR, WARMER

VOL. LIX, No. 149 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 3, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U To Reveal
Phoenix Data
On May 10
Will Detail Scope
At Public Meeting
Details of the entire scope o
the Phoenix Project, University
"livingV War Memorial, will be re-
vealed for the first time at a
public meeting at 7:30 p.m., May
10 in Rackham Lecture Hall.
Featured on the program will b
?resident Alexander G. Ruthven
Assistant Provost John Perkin
and Chester H. Lang, vice-presi-
dent of the General Electric Co.
national chairman of the Phoenix
fund-raising campaign.
IN ADDITION, a panel of Uni-
versity physical and social scien-
tists will discuss various phases
of the Project, which will be de-
voted to research in the peace-
time uses of atomic energy.
The purpose of the meeting is
"to bring about a thorough
public understanding of the
Project," according to chairman
Lang.
Special emphasis will be placed
on the role graduating seniors will
play in the $6,500,000 fund-raising
campaign which will be formally
launched in the fall of 1950.
* * *
ASSISTANT PROVOST Perkins'
address will be designed to explain
the history of the project, its sig-
nificance as a War Memorial, the
symbolism of the name "Phoenix''
and the range of the research to
be conducted.
Lang will explain the details
of the fund-raising campaign
which is aimed to raise $2,000,-
000 for a research center to be
located .here on campus and
$4,500,000 to underwrite the re-
search program.
Heading the panel discussion,
Dean of the Graduate School,
Ralph A. Sawyer will describe the
preliminary planning studies of
the Project which have been made
and outline briefly the techniques
which will be used in the Project.
PROF. WILLIAM HAER of the
economics department will discuss
the social and economic implica-
tions of the Project, while Dean
of the Law School, E. Blythe Sta-
son will explain its effects on legal
research and development.
The effects of radio-active iso-
topes on medical research will be
described by Dr. Fred J. Hodges,
chairman of the roentgenology de-
partment, while Prof. Robley C.
Williams, physics department, will
outline the research projects which
are planned in the physical sci-
ences.
Chinese Sink
Six Warships
Held by Reds
Communists Join
Guerillas at Kimen
SHANGHAI-(P)-The Chinese
Nationalists claimed today their
air force had sunk six warships
captured when the Communists
took over Nanking.
Meanwhile the Red radio said
a Communist army column had
reached Kimen, 200 miles south-

west of Nanking, and linked up
with Red Guerrillas operating in
that area.
This report seemed to confirm a
Shanghai Nationalist garrison an-
nouncement of April 29 that three
Communist armies were driving
south and southeast in that area.
The armies were identified as the
14th, 15th and 16th under Gen.
Chen Keng.
KIMEN, 70 miles south of the
Yangtze River, is 80 miles north of
the railway that leads from
Shanghai through Hangchow
southwest to Canton, provisional
government capital.
The government Central News
Agency earlier today said rail
service southwest of Hangehow
had been suspended. It later at-
tributed this to exhaustion of
coal supplies on that division.
(Hangchow, Nationalist "escape
hatch" 121 miles southwest of
Shanghai, already was closely
threatened by the leisurely mov-
ing Reds, however.
MVh f mm~r~ia ayl i" .v

MORE DEMOCRACY:
SAC To Consider
Discrimination Bill
By DICK MALOY
A measure which would have far reaching effects on the future
membership of campus organizations will be considered by the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee today.
The measure would prohibit all future campus organizations
- from including discrimination clauses in their constitutions. It was ap-
proved by the Student Legislature but must be ratified by the SAC be-
fore going into effect.
e*
IT IS COUPLED WITH another measure which would require
s existing campus groups to file copies of their constitutions with the
-Office of Student Affairs.

Editor Hits
Poll Taxes
As Unfair
WASHINGTON-(--P)--"The mi-
nority rules" in Poll Tax states,
a House witness said today, be-
cause many persons cannot or do
not pay the taxes and therefore
cannot vote.
Irving Brant, of Washington,
writer and formner St. Louis news-
paper editor, told a House admin-
istration subcommittee that Poll
Taxes impair "the integrity of
elections."
* * *
THE SYSTEM was lambasted as
the group opened hearings yester-
day on a bill to outlaw Poll Taxes
as a voting requirement in federal
elections. Later in the week pro-
ponents will take the stand.
President Truman has called
for an anti-Poll Tax law in his
controversial 10-part Civil
Rights Program. Four times the
House has passed such a bill
in recent years only to see it
die in the Senate.
A second Civil Rights measure,
scheduled for hearing today by a
House labor subcommittee, was
set aside until May 10. This group
is considering a bill to prohibit
discrimination in employment be-
cause of race, creed or color-also
a point in the Truman program.
ANOTHER WITNESS, Clark
Foreman, of Georgia, president of
the Southern Conference on Hu-
man Welfare, called southern Poll
Taxes "a Fascist racket."
His understanding, he said; is
that even in Russia the people
"are very much more consulted
about their officers than those
in South Carolina" and other
Poll Tax states.
In his home state of Georgia, he
said, "I know that the Fascists
support the Poll Tax and the Com-
munists don't."
* *.*
THERE ARE both Fascsts and
Communists in Georgia, he added.
Elmer W. Henderson, director
of the American Council on Hu-
man Rights, claimed the Poll
Taxes were enacted in Southern
states originally "for the ex-
press purpose of disfranchising
Negro citizens" but their effect
has been to "disfranchise mil-
lions of whites as well."
"It is manifestly unjust to the
nation as a whole," he said, "that
a privileged class should compose
the electorate in some states and
their representatives presume to
speak for all of the people."

Both measures came after ex-
tensive study of the discrimina-
tion problem by the Student
Legislature.
The Legislature worked in con-
junction with a joint committee
of the Interfraternity Council and
the Pan Hellenic Association.
* *. *
THE JOINT committee came up
with a report revealing that rough-
ly 40 per cent of the social frater-
nities and sororities here have
some kind of discriminatory
clauses in their constitutions.
The Greek letter groups mere-
ly made a factual report which
contained no recommendation
for removal of the clauses. Later,
however, the IFC did pledge It-
self to assist local fraternity
chapters to remove the discrimi-
natory clauses from the consti-
tutions of their national bodies.
The twin measures, slated to go
before the Student Affairs Com-
mittee today, would not directly
affect existing Greek letter groups
which practice discrimination.
However by prohibiting future or-
ganizations from discriminating
they would exert indirect pressure
on the existing Greek organiza-
tions to remove the discriminatory
,clauses.
S * * *
OPINION AMONG members of
Student Affairs Committee is
sharply divided on the issue with
affiliated student members of the
board generally opposing the twin
measures.
Those opposed to the anti-
discriminatory measures con-
tend that they will exert undue
outside pressure on the fraterni-
ties. They claim that the frater-
nities should be left to them-
selves to work out a solution to
the problem.
Those favoring the controver-
sial measure say that some outside
pressure is needed to assist the lo-
cal chapters in having the objec-
tionable clauses stricken from the
national bodies' constitutions.
* * *
THEY CONTEND that the Leg-
islature measures, which do not
specifically refer to existing cam-
pus groups, only indirectly pres-
sure the presently organized Greek
letter groups.
If approved by the SAC today
the two resolutions would prob-
ably go into effect next semes-
ter.
The Student Affairs Committee,
consisting of seven students and
six faculty members, performs its
policy making function for student
organizations under a grant of
power from the Regents.
Daily Tryouts-
A compulsory meeting for all
Daily tryout staffers will be
held at 7:30 p.m. today in the
Student Publications Building.

Berlin Crisis
Discussed at
Allied Talks
Russian Meeting
Not Imminent
By The Associated Press
Envoys of the three big Western
powers conferred for more than
an hour in New York yesterday on
the Berlin blockade.
Afterward a United States
spokesman indicated that no new
meeting with Russia is expected
within the next 24 hours.
* * *
THE CONFERENCE was called
by ambassador-at-large Philip C.
Jessup to fix a joint approach to
the Russians on lifting the block-
ade.
The U.S. spokesman express-
ed doubts that a meeting with
Russia's Jacob A. Malik would
be arranged before Wednesday.
Meanwhile in Berlin, authori-
tative American sources expressed
belief that the Soviet Union wants
to shelve the cold war with the
aim of easing East-West economic
barriers as well as ending the Ber-
lin blockade.
* * *
THEY SAY THAT the Russians
hope to do this without sacrificing
long-range political objectives.
These experienced sources say
that Russia will probably make
the following concessions:
1. Agree to virtually any propo-
sal the West makes on Germany
in order to gain entry to the West
and get a central German govern-
ment which they might be able
to influence.
2. Open Eastern Europe to
Western trade, lifting at least the
economic iron curtain.
* * *
IN WASHINGTON, Robert A.
Lovett, former under Secretary of
State, added that the U.S. should
not be "lulled to sleep" by any
temporary brightening of pros-
pects for peace in the cold war
with Russia.
Testifying before the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee,
Lovett said that the U.S. should
not be caught napping by any
"temporary set of circumstan-
ces"-an apparent reference to
current negotiations with Rus-
sia on the Berlin blockade.
Another development on the
cold war front yesterday saw the
United States protesting that So-
viet Russia is blacking out "Voice
of America" broadcasts.
Assistant Secretary of State
George V. Allen announced that
a formal protest has been filed
with the International Telecom-
munications Union. Russia and
the U.S. are both members of
this agency.
Education Bill
Backers. Win
SenateVictory
WASHINGTON - (P) - Senate
sponsors of a $300,000,000 federal
aid to education bill scored a top-
heavy 68 to 11 victory yesterday.
Led jointly by Senators Taft
(Rep. Ohio) and Elbert Thomas
(Dem., Utah), they beat down an
amendment by Sen. Lodge (Rep.,
Mass.) which would have raised

the amount richer states would
receive for each pupil.
* * *
LODGE PROPOSED that every
state receive $10 of federal aid
each year for all children between
5 and 17 years.
Taft and other sponsors of
the aid plan contended this
"would kill the bill." They said
it would defeat its purpose to
equalize educational opportun-
ities among the states.
The Senate vote retained a plan
for giving each state a minimum
of $5 per pupil per year with the
poorer states-determined by a
formula - receiving as much as
$29.18 per pupil. Lodge contend-
ed this formula was not an ac-
curate method of measuring rela-
tive wealth of states.
* * *
ALTHOUGH the Lodge amend-
ment would have assured 32
states a bigger share in the funds,
only 11 Senators, all Republicans,
supported it.
Lodge immediately called up-
on a second controversial
amendment. It would bar aid to
c4.. Whnro rn.14n i en nlc wr.

Compromise

Labor

Prepared

by

Democrat

-Daily--Carlisle Marshaii
NSA OFFICERS-Harvey Weisberg (right), chairman of the Michigan region of the National
Association, welcomes Ted Harris (center), NSA national President and Eugene Schwartz, NSA
vice-president, to Ann Arbor. Schwartz will speak at 8 p.m. today in the International Center.
* * * * (-___ ___

i

Law

Voicing of Opinion Called
Student Duty by NSA Head

By ROMA LIPSKY
The prime purpose of the Na-
tional Student Association is to
arouse an awareness among stu-
dents of the role they have in air-
ing the direction of higher educa-
tion, Ted Harris, National Presi-
dent of NSA declared last night.
Harris, who visited Ann Arbor
with NSA Vice President Eugene
Schwartz, told The Daily that
NSA is "challenging the American
student to live up to the claims of
responsibility he has so often
voiced."
* * *
"IT IS THE duty of students to
make their opinions known-they
are shirking this duty if they
don't," he declared.
And at 8 p.m. today at the In-
ternational Center Schwartz
will bring issues to Michigan
students in a talk on "The Role
of The American Student in
World Understanding."
Schwartz' talk will be sponsored
jointly by the International Cen-
ter and NSA.
"STUDENTS ALL over the na-
tion have become aware of the
fact that they can expand and im-
prove economic, social and edu-
cational services for themselves,"
Harris said.
Outlining NSA's contribution
in this respect, he pointed to
"such services as travel and
study tours in foreign countries,
the Purchase card system, lead-
ership training programs such
as the one recently held in Ann
Arbor, and Human Relations
Clinics."
'Ensian Tryouts
Important meeting Wednes-
day for tryouts and all those
interested in petitioning for
junior positions on the 'Ensian.
Junior editorships open are:.
Sports, photography, art, house
groups, schools and colleges,
senior pictures, organizations,
and features. Petitions are due
Monday, May 9, at 5 p.m.

(Both Harris and Schwartzrar-
rived here immediately after a
statewide Human Relations Con-
ference held in Detroit last week-
end. NSA delegates and Student
Legislature members 'represented
the University at the conference.)
"NSA's concrete projects con-
tribute to the immediate welfare of
students, and it's policies-set by
the delegates from schools all over
the country-are giving unified
expression to the voice of the
American student," Harris stated.
F World.News
IRound-Up
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-The United Na-
tions special political committee
takes up the question of Israel's
application for U.N. membership
at Lake Success today.
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Reliable
sources said a new cabinet will
be formed today in neighboring
Trans-Jordan that will include
three members from Arab Pal-
estine.
This was interpreted here as
an independent move by King
Abdullah of Trans-Jordan to
annex at least a part of non-
Jewish Palestine to his king-
dom.
* * *
LANSING - House .of Repre-
sentatives leaders objected yes-
terday to an "amateur lobby" of
Michigan State College students
fighting a proposed reduction of
the college appropriation from
budget recommendations.
NEW YORK-T. O. Thackrey,
former editor and publisher of
the New York Post Home News,
said yesterday he plans to start
publishing a new tabloid morning
newspaper in New York within
two or three weeks.

Cantdidates
Will Appeal
'Judic Moe
All four candidates disqualified
by Mens' Judiciary Council will
appeal their cases.
Roger Vogel, '51E, and Jim
Morse, '52E, said they would fight
the decision which deprived them
of the Engineering Junior and
Sophomore class presidencies in
the recent campus elections.
* * *
THE OTHER TWO are Tom
Sparrow, '52, Student Legislature
candidate, and Morgan Ramsay,
'50BAd, disqualified Union com-
bined schools vice presidency win-
ner.
The candidates were disquali-,
fled because ballots bearing their
names were found stuffed into
the engine arch ballot box and
the Men's Judiciary Council
found "the circumstances of
their election . . . contrary to
the best interests of student
government."
Appeals are directed to the
University disciplinary commit-
tee, according to Erich A. Wal-
tern, Dean of Students.
The appeal of the Men's Judic
decision marks the first time a
case has been taken beyond their
authority since the Council was
organized under the Legislature.
* * *
DUANE NUECHTERLEIN, '50-
BAd, chairman of the SL election
committee, revealed the names of
those who will take over the dis-
puted student government posts
unless the appeals are upheld.
They are: Student Legisla -
ture, Jim Storrie, '51E, who
placed highest of the unelect-
ed SL candidates; Union t Vice
President of the Combined
Schools, Bill Wise; Bob Preston
and Charles Good, president of
the junior and sophomore en-
gineering classes respectively.
All the disqualified candidates
were members of Delta Upsilon
fraternity.
Vogel told the Daily, "we are
still endeavoring to find out who
the guilty party is."

Plan To Offer
Measure to
House Today
Would Replace
Presidenitial Bill
WASHINGTON-(p-Democra-
tic leaders in the House hammered
out a compromise labor bill late
yesterday and planned to offer it
on the floor today.
The compromise retains some
features of the Taft-Hartley Law
in an effort to assure the meas-
ure's passage.
IT WOULD REPLACE the ad-
ministration labor bill which
called for outright repeal of the
Taft-Hartley Act and revival of
the New Deal Wagner Act with
some modifications.
Opposing this bill, a number
of Republicans and Southern
Democrats have got behind a
bill offered by Rep. Wood (Dem,
Ga.) to "repeal" the Taft-Hart-
ley Act but reenact most of itS
major provisions,
To take the steam out of this
drive for the Wood Bill, the com-
promise was drafted. Speaker Ray-
burn (Dem., Tex.) told reporters
that the compromise would in-
clude these points: #
* * *
1. INJUNCTION PROVISIONS,
similar to those now in the Taft-
Hartley Law, to deal with labor
disputes threatening the national
security or safety. The Adminis-
tration bill omitted these provi-
sions.
2. A guarantee of free speech
to employers and unions in labor
disputes.
3. A requirement that unidii
make regular financial reports pe-
riodically.
4. A requirement that employers
and union officials sign oaths of-
loyalty to the government and
swear that they are not Commu-
nists before they can avail them-
selves of National Labor Board
procedures. The Taft-Hartley Law
contains the non-Communist oath
provisions as to unions-and, the
Administration bill omits it alto-
gether.
5. Creation of a joint Congres-
sional committee to study labor-
management relations.
The House will vote on the
compromise first. If it passes
there will be no vote on the
Wood Bill or on the Adminis-
tration measure, which is known
as the Thomas-Lesinski Bill.
The section dealing with na-
tional emergency strikes will allow
for injunctions similar to those
permittedunder the present Taft-
Hartley Law.
Rayburn said the new section,
which was not drawn in final
form at the meeting, will not pro-
vide for any plant seizures in na-
tional emergency disputes; neither
does the Taft-Hartley Law.
Popular Play
Wins U' Grad
Pulitzer Prize
By The Associated Press
University graduate Arthur Mil-
ler today was winner of a Pulitzer
Prize for his much-decorated play,
"Death of a Salesman."
Early recognition for his work
as a dramatist came to Miller as a
student when he won a Hopwood
prize in the drama contest. Gradu-

ated in 1937, he is also author of
"All My Sons."
* * *
TOP HONORS in the novel class
went to James Gould Cozzens for
his "Guard of Honor," a book
about a wartime Air Force general.
The Nebraska State Journal of
Lincoln, Neb., rendered the
"most disinterested and merito-
rious service" among the Na-
tion's newspapers by staging a
Presidential preference primary,
the Pulitzer Committee decid-
ed.
'Th -,17ar .. f r, %II0+ ,n ;V1_

ANN ARBOR EDITOR:
Ray Baker, Prominent
Newsman, Dies at 58

4>

* * *

R. Ray Baker, associate editor of
the Ann Arbor News and one of
the best-known newspapermen in
Michigan, died suddenly yesterday
at the age of 58.
He collapsed while walking
down Washington St. and was
dead on admittance to St. Joseph's
Mercy Hospital. Death was attrib-
uted to a heart attack.
* * *
BAKER HAD served as a visit-
ing lecturer with the University's
journalism department during the
last two years. Last June he was
marPn hnran..r . iinm of rthe

DRIVE BEGINS TOMORROW:
Fresh Air Camp Goal Set at$5,000

The little guy on the diving
board will return to the campus
tomorrow as more than 700 stu-
. . . .

Tag Day committee hopes to
raise will be used to help pro-
vide 230 boys with a memorable

tivities schedule which is designed
to build up maladjusted egos.

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