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FAIR AND WARMER
VOL. LIX, No. 145
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 28, 1949.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
_ -- 8._-
By CIO Told
Labor Push Seen
>ar T-H Repeal
WASHINGTON - (P) - Rep.
Werdel (Rep., Calif.) told the
House yesterday he had been in-
formed a committee of CIO mem-
bers was calling congressmen out-
side and telling them to vote for
repeal of the Taft-Hartley Labor
The Californian said he had not
been approached himself, but he
told his colleagues:
"As a member of the House,
that disturbs me."
* * *
WERDEL'S statement came
shortly after Rep. Klein (Dem.,
N.Y.) drew startled looks from the
lawmakers with a proposal that
American labor stage a one-day
nationwide work stoppage as a
"demonstration of solidarity"
against the Taft-Hartley Act.
Republicans roundly de-
nounced Klein for advancing
The suggestion also met a cool
reception at CIO headquarters
"We are not in favor of political
strikes," a CIO spokesman com-
mented. He told reporters that the
union's various contracts around
the country would not permit
such a walkout.
KLEIN SAID he had tele-
grraphed his proposal to AFT, Pres-
ident William Green, CIO Presi-
dent Philip Murray, President
Harvey Brown of the Machinists,
and President A, F. Whitney of
Rep. Brehm (Rep., Ohio) ex-
claimed on the House floor:
"Thank god, those labor lead-
ers are more stable than the
gentleman who sent the tele-
Rep. Lodge (Rep., Conn.) said
Klein had done "a grave dis-
service to the cause of organized
* * *
. O'TOOLE (Dem., N.Y.)
shout d amid Republican applause
that the labor leaders should not
be held responsible for the
"mouthings" of any congressman.
'Red Colored Discs'
Fly Above Angell Hall
Those flying saucers are back
again-this time over Angell Hall.
Excited Astronomy 33 students
called The Daily last night to re-
port that they had sighted "red-
colored discs" gliding in ziz-zag
lines toward the west between 9
and 9:30 p.m.
* * *
THEY WERE attending a lab
period on the Angell Hall roof.
George Miller, '51, asserted that
he had seen five formations of the
disks. Others reported eight.
Prof. Hazel Losh, who tea(Wies
the class, said she had riot been
on hand to see them. "I don't
know what they could have
been," she said.
"ut some ofrte strds cents sus-
p~cted they were birds."
NSA To Sell
NSA Purchase Cards will go on
sale from 3 to 4 p.m. today in the
lobby of the Administration Build-
ing-with 13 more stores giving
discounts added to the list.
In All Arbor, an optometrist has
agreed to give 20 per cent dis-
counts to card-holders. However, a
gas station and applance store has
discontinued the Purchase Card
System, according to Cathy Hous-
ton, '49, chairman of the PCS
TWELVE businesses in Detroit
have also agreed on discounts with
the National Student Association.
Copies of revised lists of coop-
erating merchants will be available
to all card holders when the tick-
Yanks Quit China as
Reds Push Ahead
SHANGHAI--(P)-Americans stepped up their .evacuation today
as Communist advance forces slashed nearer this Asian metropolis
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, who made a brief, dramatic
appearance in this threatened city, has left, it was announced offi-
-ially, after making a dramatic appeal to all Chinese to fight
* * * *
RED FORCES were known to be in Soochow, 50 miles west of
Shanghai, and sending spearheads toward this city of more than
3,000,000 persons. Another red column was heading for Hangchow,
100 miles southwest of Shanghai.
If the Communists do drive for Shanghai in strength, the
time left for the world's fourth largest city is drawing short.
Red Gen. Chen Yi's armies moved fast.
Shanghai was tense. But local authorities still had it under
control. There has been no extensive looting so far.
Americans were pulling out faster.
EVEN SO, there are at least 1,500 Americans and close to 4,000
Britons who intend to remain in Shanghai. Only a few days ago
she American colony numbered almost 2,500 and the British over
Chiang Kai-Shek's departure was announced by the Shang-
hai garrison command. It said the "retired" president who was
the "strong man" of nationalist China for 22 years, left late
last night aboard the Chinese destroyer Taikong.
The Garrison announced that Chiang, who said here he was
acting only as a private citizen, was going to Amoy. Amoy is a
southeastern China port opposite the big island of Formosa which
Chiang had been building up as a "last stand" Nationalist bastion.
Reports so far do not indicate whether the Communists are
sending important forces toward Shanghai. There is still considerable
opinion that they will take Hangchow first.
Once that port city is in red hands, all land escape routes from
Shanghai will be sealed.
Honors Convocation, Education
Conference Will Be Held Here
Conant Will Speak
The largest number of students
in the 26 year history of the an-
,nual Honors Convocation will as-
semble at 11 a.m., tomorrow in
Hill Auditorium to receive recog-
nition for their scholastic achieve-
Dr. James B. Conant, president
of Harvard University, will ad-
dress the convocation, speaking on
"Skepticism ahd CoIrag6-in the
* * *
THIS YEAR'S GROUP exceeds
by 500 the record breaking 1,018
who were honored at last year's
Dean Erich A. Walter, chair-
man of the Honors Convocation
Committee, attributed the large
number of honored, students to
a closer check of awards made
in the Graduate School and to
"a more complete motivation on
the part of many students, not-
Thehonored group will include
1,241 men and 336 women. Last
year's convocation recognized 771
men and 247 women.
* * *
MANY OF THE guests at the
convocation will be members of
the Michigan Schoolmasters' Club,
which is hodling its annual con-
vention here tomorrow. They will
see many of their former students
among the honored group.
The entire first floor of the
auditorium will be reserved for
the honor students and their
families. Classes will be dis-
missed at 10:45 a.m. so that all
students may witness the im-
Dr. Conant will arrive in Ann
Arbor this morning. He will attend
a luncheon of the Harvard Club
this noon and address a meeting
of Phi Beta Kappa tonight.
HOUSE GUEST of President
and Mrs. Alexander G. Ruthven
during his Ann Arbor stay, the
noted scientist and educator will
also meet with the literary college
Curriculum Committee for a dis-
cussion of the place of science in
the liberal arts curriculum.
School Men Meet
More. than 2,000 teachers and
administrators from schools and
colleges all over the state will con-
gregate here today and tomorrow
fcr meetings of the Michigan
Schoolmasters Club and related
The annual Conference on
Teacher Education, meeting at
9:30 a.m. today in the Union, will
hear a panel on "Needed Changes
in Teacher Education."
* * *
TOPIC FOR the annual Confer-
ence on Problems in School and
College Cooperation, which will
meet at 2 p.m. today in Rackham
Amphitheatre, is "What Should
Colleges Expect of Entering Fresh-
men"? The annual History of Edu-
cation lecture, open to the public,
will be given by Prof. H. G. G*#1
of Ohio State University at 8 p.m.
tomorrow in Rackham Assembly
GENERAL SESSIONS of the
Schoolmasters Club will begin with
a business meeting at 9 a.m. to-
morrow in Rackham Lecture Hall.
The teachers will hear a greeting
address by President Alexander G.
Chicago schools superinten-
dent Herold C. Hunt will discuss
"Raising Our Professional Ho-
rizons" in the main address.
The second general session will
be a dinner meeting at 7:15 p.m.
tomorrow in the Union. Kenneth
McFarland, superintendent of
schools in Topeka, Kans., will
speak on "Behold This Day."
* * *
THIS MORNING'S meeting will
hear a report by Prof. Willard C.
Olson of the education school, who
is chairman of the State Advisory
Committee on Teacher Education
and Certification. Dean J. B. Ed-
mondson of the education school
The afternoon's topic will be
"What Should Colleges Expect of
The head of the Veterans' Re-
adjustment Center here yesterday
termed the state legislature's ax
treatment of grants to the Center
"a disastrous blow."
Prof. Moses M. Frohlich of the
psychiatry department and head
of the centersaid that the clinic's
services to veteran patients must
end after July 1 if the Center
is denied its $250,000 operating
* * *
THE HOUSE WAYS and Means
Committee in Lansing entirely
eliminated the appropriation in its
first budget recommendations in-
troduced this week.
The state-supported clinic has
been administered by the Uni-
versity in cooperation with Uni-
versity Hospital since 1946. In
that time it has served more
than 1,000 veterans.
Prof. Frohlich expressed bewil-
derment concerning the fund
grant refusal. "I really don't know
what it means," he said.
* * *
"THE CENTER is performing
a real service for the veteran pa-
tient. The state's original invest-
ment has more than paid for it-
Commenting on the clinic's
situation, Vice-President Marvin
L. Niehuss declared last night
that the University will operate
the center only as long as the
That was implicit in the Re-
gents' original agreement with the
state to administer the Center,
* * *
"IT'S UP TO THE Veterans'
Administration and the state to
decide whether they want the
Center operated. If we don't get
the funds we won't operate it."
At present about 10 per cent
of the nearly 40 patients at the
Center are University students.
The clinic, built in November,
1947, after being housed in tem-
porary quarters in University Hos-
pital, has a total in-patient ca-
pacity of 50.
can also be aided at the clinic,
which was built at a cost of
Staunchly defending the Amer-
ican tradition of freedom of re-
ligion, ean J. B. Edmondson of
the education school declared last
night that "the public schools
must not be used as propagandiz-
ing agents for any religious
"You cannot satisfy the strong
religious groups in this country
unless religious instruction is sec-
tarian," he said.
* * *
"WHEN SECTARIAN education
begins in our public schools, re-
ligious freedom and equality of
opportunity for religious groups
will end in this country."
Dean Edmondson's talk was
another in the current special
series of lectures sponsored by
the School of Education. Topic
for last night's discussion was
"Religion and Public Educa-
The dean -strongly favors con-
tinuation of the American prac-
tice of letting public schools offer
non-sectarian character education
and civic training, leaving relig-
ious instruction to the church and
"WE HAVE ALWAYS tried to
give all churches equality of op-
portunity in matters of religion.
The best interests of our public
schools, our country, and our
churches demand that no sectar-
ian group secure a preferred po-
sition," he said.
Dean Edmondson warned of the
difficulties of trying to get various
religious groups to agree on fun-
damental beliefs. In his opinion,
"most of us connected with
churches are intolerant of the be-
MOVING UP FAST-Justin Williams just about to pass Cal's Dan Seamount in the two mile run.
Williams went on to win the event. See story on page six.
C'EST LA GUERRE:
Women Wage War as
Frosh Weekend Begins
By GEORGE WALKER '
A tug of war that started as a
dainty effort between two small
groups of freshman women yes-
terday ended in an all out struggle
between hundreds of onlookers.
The tug of war, and mock battle
which preceded it, was designed
to. promote "FroshwWeekend,"
newest addition to the campus so-
Jessup Asks Russians for
Statement of Berlin Aims
By The Assgciated Press
NEW YORK-Aso-called bible
of communism was offered by the
prosecution to Judge Harold R.
Medina in Federal Court today as
evidence that the party hoped to
use armies of non-communist na-
tions as springboards for a revolu-
WASHINGTON - An FBI
agent swore today that papers
seized in the pocketbook of
Judith Coplon, on trial for es-
pionage, told of her alleged ef-
forts to snatch a "top secret
FBI report" summarizing Soviet
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State Acheson brought basic East-
West differences into sharp focus
today, saying that even if the
Western Powers reach an agree-
ment with Russia on Berlin there
still will be need for the North
Atlantic Defense Pact.
Two women are in the hospital
as a result of extensive burns by
sunlamps, according to Dr. Mar-
garet Bell of Health Service.
Dr. Bell issued a warning today
against the indiscriminate use of
sunlamps. She reported that four
coeds had either fallen asleep or
stayed under the lamps too long.
All required treatment at Health
"Although the burns are not
serious," she admitted, "and will
not leave permanent scars, the pa-
tients are extremely uncomforta-
ble and are losing valuable time."
HUNDREDS OF spectators,
drawn by the fanfare of a bugle,
the beating of a drum, and the
efforts of a barker, assembled on
the library steps to witness the
At 2 p.m. two columns of jun-
ior coeds marched from bases
in the Engine Arch and the Na-
tural Science Building, converg-
ing at the intersection of the
The battle that followed lived
up to allexpectations. The coeds,
armed with water pistols, pillows,
flour filled sacks, and water filled
balloons staged a very convincing
* * *
ALLgOF WHICH proved very
contagious to the hundreds of
spectators who jammed the area.
By the time the women got around
to the tug of war, School Spirit
had spread like fire through the
big crowd. .
First one, then two, then doz-
ens of hefty males joined the
teams at the ropes' ends-soon
the initiators of the battle were
lost in the overwhelming crowd.
Despite the ferocity of thel
"war," Janice James and Sue
Sears, "generals" of the two teams,
reported no casualties.
'U' High Ready
For Last Opera
Having converted its stage into
a replica of a Venetian street
scene, University High School will
welcome the arrival of "The Gon-
doliers" at 8:30 p.m. today.
"The Gondoliers," one of the
more popular light operas turned
out by Gilbert and Sullivan, fea-
tures liberal amounts of the tune-
ful music and razor-sharp lyrics
which have made the pair uni-
This High School production
will be the first of "The Gon-
doliers" during the regular school
year since 1933, when the School
of Music and Play Production
combined their efforts to present
Performances of "The Gon-
doliers" will continue Friday and
Saturday at University High
School Auditorium. Tickets are'
Will Probe Practices
In 'U' Housing Units
Students' gripes on possible dis-
criminatory practices in tJniver-
sity housing units are being sought
by the Student Legislature.
Vice president John Ryder an-
nounced in last night's SL session
that an office would be opened
next week in the Michigan Union
by the Legislature Committee on
Discrimination to hear complaints.
REPORTS WILL be compared
with the offending group's earlier
statements to the Committee and
discrepancies reported to Univer-
sity officials, Ryder said.
A cooperative bookstore - to
be run by the University-was
supported by the Legislature and
the Campus Action Committee
given the project.
Chairman Al Harris will seek an
interpretation of a 1920 Regents
ruling which Legislators say may
block setting up cooperatives in
competition with local merchants.
A modification of the ruling may
SL ALSO cleared the decks for
an all-out battle on adding some
sort of campus group representa-
tion to the Legislature. A motion
from Bill Miller's Citizenship Com-
mittee was tabled for discussion at
a special meeting later, after two
alternate proposals were made
The special meeting date has
not been set.
Miller's motion would give
non-voting delegates to the
Union, League, Student Reli-
gious Association, IFC, AIM,
Pan-Hel and Assembly,
An NSA alternative plan would
set up a coordinating council com-
posed of representatives from
campus service organizations to
function as a Legislature commit-
* * *
A THIRD proposal, sponsored by
SL member Tom Walsh, would let
all organizations appoint an ob-
server to attend Legislature meet-
ings, to maintain liaison. They
would serve without official status.
The Legislature also voted $520
to cover the expenses of a Dis-
placed Person enrolling at the
University during the fall term.
British Call Red
By The Associated Press
Ambassador Philip C. Jessup
asked the Russians yesterday to
tell the Western Powers exactly
what are their terms for lifting
the Berlin blockade.
The Russians then started work
on their answer. When it will
come was anybody's guess.
* * *
DIPLOMATIC sources in Mos-
cow said that the reopening of
the Berlin question could lead to
the end of the cold war.
In Berlin, the Russians
clamped controls on three canal
locks in the British sector of
Berlin but reopened them after
the British protested.
A SPOKESMAN for the British
military government called the
Soviet action "provocative."
The spokesman, referring to
talks in New York for lifting
the blockade, said the Soviet a-
tion appear "inconsistent with
British authorities said Russian
officers took over control of the
Spandau, Charlottenburg and
Ploetzensee locks and told the lock
keeper to bar passage of any craft
not registered with the Soviet
* * w
THE BRITISH protested and
the ban was removed. Normal
water traffic was resumed.
At the same time the Ameri-
can-British airlift flew a near
record tonnage intothe city.
Planes delivered 9,119 tons of
fuel and supplies in 1,022 flights
in the 24-hour perio dended at
In Moscow, however some dip-
lomatic sources said that the re-
opening of the Berlin question, if
handled correctly and with infi-
nite care by all sides, could lend
to an ending of the cold war.
A FEELING prevailed in Mos-
cow that Soviet Russia and the
Big Three western powers may be
on their way toward a new stage
in postwar relations.
In New York, Ambassador Jes-
sup conferred for 92 minutes with
two Soviet deputy foreign min-
isters, Andrei A. Gromyko and Ja-
kob A. Malik.
The conversations were held
under unusual secrecy on the sec-
ond floor of the ornately fur-
nished Russian delegation offices
on upper Park Avenue.
Seen as Aid to
"Secretary of the Navy John L.
Sullivan's resignation may stir up
antagonism now, but in the long
run, it should aid defense unifi-
cation," Prof. C. Ferrel Heady, of
the political science department,
declared last night.
Sullivan resigned Tuesday be-
cause work on the Navy's new su-
per-carrier was stopped. He call-
ed Defense Secretary Johnson's
move "drastic and arbitrary" and
said this constituted an effort to
abolish the Marine Corps and de-
stroy all Naval aviation.
* * *
JOHNSON, who halted work on
the carrier last Saturday, gave no
specific reason for his action, but
said earlier in the week that the
money might be used to better
advantage in the construction of
"Sullivan's resignation will
enable Secretary Johnson to ap-
nnin+ Cmmpnn. of Me nu. ohnio
Masks Retain Mysticism
By NORMA JEAN HARELIK
Even to modern man there is
something frightening about a
mask, Kenneth Macgowan, head
of the theatre arts department at
UCLA, declared in his first lecture
yesterday on "Masks and Demons."
Macgowan's second lecture "The
thoughts of his assaulters be-
cause of the masked faces," he
Natives ofhAfricause masks to
frighten their children and to
maintain discipline. "Save the
mask and spoil the child might be
a phrase applicable to their civili-
zation." Macgowan qnined.
NOTHING COOKING AT COOK:
Decorum PledgeSigned by 100 Coeds
By LEON JAROFF
Spring fever, flushed with vic-
ents, friends, or girls in the dor-
mitory. We feel that this is a per-
"A lot of people who signed are
just hvnocrites" she said "he-