THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, AM= 24. 190
.TNDV I - a~ ~41
"PEACE WITH THE SOVIET UNION at
any price" seems to be the keynote of
the "Peace Congress" currently being held in
One right after the other, delegates
from every nation including the United
States have assailed American foreign pol-
icy and condemned the North Atlantic
Sifting through the mass of canned ora-
tory condemning the imperialism of the
Western world and the "denial" of human
rights to the- laboring classes and various
minority groups, we find the real signifi-
cance of the Congress in the opening address
made by Frederic Joliot-Curie, French High
Commissioner for Atomic Energy.
"We are not here to ask for peace," he
said, "but to impose it. This Congress is the
reply of peoples to the signers of the At-
lantic Pact. To the new war they are pre-
paring we will reply with revolt of the
We cannot help but feel that "imposing
peace" in the minds of the Paris delegates
would involve a tyrannical domination of
the world by Soviet Russia, and that the
"revolt of the peoples" would merely be
a means to the accession of Moscow-con-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
nd represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: FREDRICA WINTERS
trolled dictatorships rather than a united
cry for peace.
Certainly the aim of the Western world
should be to work in harmonious coopera-
tion with Russia and a real peace confer-
ence based on mutual understanding and
sympathy might be a great step in the di-
rection of lasting peace. However, a peace
conference cannot be really significant if it
is merely aimed at establishing one world
power in complete control of the destinies
But perhaps even more discouraging than
the attitude taken by M. Joliot-Curie is the
statement made by America's esteemed Paul
Robeson that American Negroes never would
fight the Soviet Union.
We do not believe that Mr. Robeson rep-
resents the opinion of anywhere near the
majority of American Negroes. This is
evidenced in the words of Walter White,
secretary and leader of the National Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Colored
People who said, "In the event of any
conflict that our nation has with any
other nation we will regard ourselves as
Americans and meet the responsibilities
imposed on Americans."
We all realize that there are shocking evi-
dences of racial discrimination in the United
States today and that it is taking a painfully
long time to correct them. Nevertheless, we
are convinced that American Negroes would
support their country in the event of any
attack upon it.
J AMES J. BAILEY of Pittsburgh, Pa., a
member of the nine-man team charged
with recording the confessions of Nazi storm
troopers who had participated in the Mal-
medy massacre, called the means used to ex-
tricate these confessions a "mockery of
Bailey, an official court reporter for
28 years, said that he witnessed some of
the mock trials and declared that he had
quit the job after ten weeks because he
"could stomach it no longer."
The story of the massacre goes back to
Christmastime, 1944 when the Battle of the
Bulge centered around the little Belgian
town of Malmedy.
A contingent of American troops, hope-
lessly outnumbered, surrendered to the ad-
vaticing German forces. Instead of sending
the captured men to prisoner-of-war camps,
the Nazi troops marched the Americas into
a snow-covered field and riddled their
bodies with bullets.
Eighty American soldiers died there, and
another eighty or thereabouts were shot
down after surrendering in another sector
of the battle field.
Lt. Col. Burton F. Ellis has admitted that
th~oe storm troopers were subjected to mock
trials, but that they were not mistreated or
tricked into confessing.
Under questioning, however, he testified
that hooded figures, candles and a cruci-
fix were used to wring out the confessions.
But Ellis called this and other procedures
used by the army "perfectly proper."
It would seem then that Lt. Col. Ellis is
condoning trickery and maltreatment. Nat-
urally, the desire for vengeance was, strong;
but certainly it should not have-turned men
Ellis has offered the weak excuse that
trial procedures in Europe and in the army
differ from that in the United States. This
is really the poorest of excuses to be heard
in a long time. It would appear that Lt. Col.
Ellis is taking it upon himself to construe
the meaning of justice to his own personal
We in America have always prided our-
selves on that fundamental premise of our
government - justice. Here is the place
where everyone can get a fair trial. We are
the men and women who give free trials.
Yet as you read the accounts of how these
men were forced into confessions, you are
somehow reminded of Eugene Brieux' in-
tense drama on justice, "La Robe Rouge."
In the play, a judge seeking a promotion
employs a clever means of deceit to exact
a confession from a prisoner he believes
guilty of murder without any basis whatso-
ever. The innocent man is finally cleared
but not before his life has been ruined by
the humiliations of the trial. The question
Brieux leaves with the reader is a clear one.
One which we are afraid cannot be answer-
ed by Lt. Col. Ellis. "What is justice and
what does it stand for?"
The play has been banned here. Pre-
sumably, such things can't happen in Amer-
iM. -But the case of these Nazi storm troop-
ers, however guilty they may be, is an illum-
inating example and proof that it can.
If you shrug off this incident as merely a
"foreign" affair, then what of the alleged
frame-up of six Trenton, New Jersey Negro
youths. Their sentences point to the distor-
tions and lies in the halls of justice. And
this is only one instance of the injustices one
minority has suffered.
If we intend to hold high our principles
as a symbol to other nations, then let us
follow them. Let us put into practice what
we believe in theory. Let us really be the
country who gives every man " a square
deal." Let's wake up.
Folly in Japan
0UR POLICY OF rebuilding Germany has
aroused opposition from foreign nations
and Americans with long memories. Our
similar policy in Japan has brought forth
only a confused whisper.
Partly to blame for this silence is Mac-
Arthur's feudal approach to public rela-
tions. He just doesn't let anyone know
what he is doing. The Japanese, a con-
quered people, must be content with the
word from on high. Americans deserve
Despite the censorship and red tape an
American policy in Japan is emerging. This
policy has very little to do with our post-
war aims of bringing democracy and the
light of the west to Japan. Rather this pol-
icy resembles our actions in Germany. In
both countries we are rebuilding the destroy-
ed industry and returning it to the cartels.
The reasons for our zealous efforts to re-
build our former foes differ, although the
actions are the same. The reason given for
rebuilding Germany is that German indus-
try is needed for the recovery of Europe.
The excuse in Japan's case is that a strong
Japan is needed as a base against Russia.
Japan would make an excellent military
base, but not for us. It is impossible to
supply or hold against attack. Alaska,
firmly in our hands, offers a base just as
close. Alaska, unlike Japan, can be sup-
plied by land and can be held against in-
Evidently the lesson of the Philippines
has not made much of an impression upon
our military leaders, including MacArthur.
He, more than anyone, should know that a
large islan base, isolated from supply and
re-enforcements, cannot be defended against
a superior land force. Russia's submarines,
like Japan's navy, can cut off our supply
lines to the Far East in the first phase of
any future war. We cannot afford another
Bataan. We cannot afford long reconquer-
ing operations against Japan before reach-
ing the Asian mainland.
The only power to benefit, in the event
of a war, from a rebuilt Japan is Russia.
With her bases at Sakhalin and Kamchat-
ka Russia can conquer Japan without
much difficulty. Because we cannot de-
fend her, the most that America can hope
for is Japanese neutrality in any future
conflict. It is folly to think that we can
hold Japan and use her as a jumping off
point against the continent.
In his desire to build up Japan, MacAr-
thur has given economic power back to the
four clans which controlled Japan before the
war. He has also hindered the growth of
Japan's young labor movement. All this
was done in the name of maintaining the
Japanese econmy. Maintaining it, so as to
provide a base for our military.
We should realize that Japan cannot be
used as a base and restore our original al-
truistic policy of making Japan into a model
of democracy in the Far East. Success in
democratizing Japan would regain much
of the face that we have lost in the East.
In the long run democratizing Japan would
prove a greater blow against Russia than
ripening a plum ready for the Soviet's pick-
-Eliot S. Gerber
A FLAGRANT DENIAL of student rights
to at least a partial voice in govern-
mental matters burst forth in slanderous
form the other day at the much-publicized
More specifically, Republican Senator
H. L. Nichols issued a storm warning to
one of the University representatives at
the lobby, "You kids had better be doing
your studies. There's no place in the Leg-
islature for students."
He then struck back with a remark to
the effect that the students had better quit
talking, or he would throw them out.
Even Democratic Governor Williams
claimed he found himself at a great loss
before the apathetic Republican majority.
Perhaps his feeling explains why he left
lobbyists rather hurriedly, followed by cries
that he failed to answer their questions
The Republicans have both a legal and
moral right to disagree with the Gover-
nor's inclusive legislative program. They
have the privilege, as members of the state
legislature, to heave legislative blocks at
whatever they consider wrong, despite
But in this deprecatory attitude toward
lobbying students and workers, who made
the trip merely in the interest of express-
ing personal opinions, several brusk legisla-
tors have revealed an unfortunate reluctance
to hear the other side.
And no matter what eventually happens
to the program's measures, passed or not,
Sen. Nichols and his cohorts will have
branded themselves as out-and-out traitors
to one of the basic unalienable rights of
democratic citizens-that of free speech
fiI tithe CO"1.Pul 1 iih rlv
TIME OF CLASS
at 9 .............. .....
at 9 ...................
at 10 ...................
at 3 ...................
Classes, Seminars .......
. ... .Wed.,
1 2- 5
30 2- 5
4 2- 5
28 2- 5
3 2- 5
2 2- 5
31 2- 5
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
COLLEGE OF LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND THE ARTS
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
SCHOOL OF FORESTRY AND CONSERVATION
SCHOOL OF MUSIC
SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
MAY 28-June 9, 1949
NOTE: For courses having both lectures and recitations, the
time of class is the time of the first recitation period of the
week; for courses having recitations only, the time of the class
is the time of the first recitation period. Certain courses will
be examined at special periods as noted below the regular sched-
ule. 12 o'clock classes, 4 o'clock classes, 5 o'clock classes and
other "irregular" classes may use any examination period
provided there is no conflict (or one with conflicts if the con-
flicts are arranged for by the "irregular" class. In the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts, instructors of "irregular"
classes with.20 students or less, most of whom expect to graduate
in June, may use the regular hours of the last week of classes
for final examinations if they wish. A final examination on
June 9 is available for "irregular" classes which are unable
to utilize an earlier period.
Examinations of any student expecting to receive a degree
this June must be completed not later than Saturday, June 4.
It is the responsibility of the instructor to arrange special exam-
inations, if necessary, for these students.
Each student should receive notification from his instructor
as to the time and place of his examination. In the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, no date of examination may
be changed without the consent of the Committee of Examina-
tions. The graduating student should also check to see that his
examinations are to be completed by June 4.
TIME OF EXAMINATION
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
These "regular" periods have precedence over any special
period scheduled concurrently. Conflict must be
by the instructor of the "special" class.
Ec. 51, 52, 53, 54, 102 .................... Tues.,
Soc. 51, 54, 90 .......................... Thurs,
,English 1, 2 ............................ Thurs.,
Chem. 1, 3, 21, 55 ...................... Sat.,
Chem . 4 .................................Sat.,
Psych. 31 ..............................M on.,
Bot. 1 - Zool 1 ........................ Mon.,
Speech 31, 32
French 1, 2, 11, 12, 31, 32, 61, 62, 91, 92.. .Tues.,
German 1, 2, 31 ........................ Tues.,
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32 ..,................... Wed.,
Pol. Sci., 1, 2 ............................ W ed.,
May 31 2- 5
['D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Let's Start Here
SPECIAL PERIODS FOR THOSE GRADUATING THIS JUNE
Speech 31, 32
French 1, 2, 11, 12, 31, 32, 61, 62, 91, 92.. .Tues., May 31 7p.m.
German 1, 2, 31
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any nec-
essary changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
SCHOOL OF FORESTRY AND CONSERVATION
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any neces-
ary changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
SCHOOL OF MUSIC
Individual examinations by appointment will be given for
all applied music courses (individual instruction) elected for
credit in any unit of the University. For time and place of exam-
inations, see bulletin board of the School of Music.
SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any neces-
sary changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
SCHEDULE OF EXAMINATIONS
MAY 28 to JUNE 9, 1949
NOTE: For courses having both lecture and quizzes, the
time of exercise is the time of the first lecture period of the week;
for courses having quizzes only, the time of exercise is the time
of the first quiz period.
Drawing and laboratory work may be continued through the
examination period in amount equal to that normally devoted to
such work during one week.
Certain courses will be examined at special periods as noted
below the regular schedule. All cases of conflicts between as-
sign examination periods must be reported for adjustment. See
bulletin board outside of Room 3209 East Engineering Building
between May 11 and May 18 for instructions.
Seniors and graduates, who expect to receive a degree this
June and whose examination occurs after June 4, should also
report to Room 3209 E.E. between May 11 and May 18.
To avoid misunderstandings and errors each student should
receive notification of the time and placeof his appearance in
each course during the period May 2$ to June 9.
No date of examination may be changed without the consent
of the Classification Committee.
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Assistant.to the President, Room 2552
Administratio nBuilding, by 3:00 p.m.
on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
SUNDAY, APRIL 24, 1949
VOL. LIX, No. 142
Honors Convocation: The an-
nual Convocation recognizing Uni-
versity honor students will be held
at 11 a.m. Friday, April 29, in Hill
Auditorium. Dr. James B. Conant,
President of Harvard University,
will speak on "Skepticism and
Courage in the Modern World."
Classes, with the exception of clin-
ics, will be dismissed at 10:45. Se-
niors who are enrolled in clinics
may be excused to attend.
Social chairmen of student or-
ganizations are reminded that re-
quests for approval for social
events must be submitted to the
Office of Student Affairs, 1020
Administration Building, not later
than 12 o'clock noon on the Mon-
day before the event is to take
All students who wish to trans-
fer to the program in elementary
education for the fall of 1949
should file their applications in
the Office of the Dean of the
School of Education by May 1.
Applicants subsequent to this date
cannot be assured of admission to
this program, as non-resident ap-
plicants also must be given con-
sideration, and facilities for train-
ing are now used to the maximum.
University Community Center at
Willow Run Village:
Sun., April 24, 10:45 a.m. Inter-
denominational Church Service
Mon., April 25, 8 p.m., Sewing
Class. Cosmopolitan Club. Wives
Club Refreshment Committee.
Tues., April 26, 8 p.m., Student
Wives Club: "Don't Keep A Steak
Waiting," a Kroger Film.
Wed., April 27, 8 p.m., Bridge
Night. Ceramics. Choir.
Thurs., April 28, 8 p.m., Ceram-
ics. Water Color, Textile Painting.
Scholarships to Mexico: Mem-
bers of Sociedad Hispanica who
wish to apply for annual scholar-
ships to Mexico must write to So-
ciedad Hispanica, Room 414, Ro-
mance Language Building, before
May 6. Please include following
information: class, Spanish
courses studied, and club activities
in which you have participated.
Employment Interviews: The
Western Cartridge Co., of Alton,
Illinois, will have a representative
here on Wed., April 27, to inter-
view mechanical and industrial
Dr. Morgan Upton of Murray
Body Corp., Detroit, will interview
mechanical engineers and business
administration students with an
accounting background for their
training program on Wednesday
afternoon, April 27, and Thursday
morning, April 28.
Thursday, April 28, a represen-
tative from the Peoples Gas, Light,
and Coke Co., of Chicago, Ill., will
be here to interview students for
accounting, engineering, and gen-
eral business trainee positions. For
appointments, call Ext. 371, or stop
in the office of the Bureau of Ap-
pointme'nts, 3528 Admin. Bldg.
Sociology 132 and 160: Dr. Wood
will not be able to meet his classes
Tues., April 26.
Doctoral Examination for Ed-
ward Lewis Schumann, Pharma-
ceutical Chemistry. Thesis: "Cyclic
Acetals and Ketals, II and II,"
Monday April 25, 2525 Chemistry
Bldg., at 1:30 p.m. Chairman, F.
Professor Northrop Frye, of the
University of Toronto, will lecture
on "On Beginning to Read Spen-
ser" at 4:15 p.m. on Monday,
April 25, in the Kellogg Audito-
rium. The public is invited.
Professor Frye will speak infor-
mally to graduate students in
English and members of the Eng-
lish Department at 8:00 p.m. in
the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. His subject
is "What to Do until Finnegan
"Social and Emotional Relations
of Parents and Children," is the
subject of a lecture by Dr. Ralph
L. Patterson, Professor of Psychi-
atry, on Tuesday, April 26, at 8:00
p.m. in the Rackham Amphithea-
tre. Open without charge to all
Carillon Recital by Sidney Giles,
Acc~znn Tniaritr aril ai
April 25, in the Rackham Assem-
bly Hall, has been postponed.
Museum of Art: Max Beckmann,
Some Recent Accessions; Alumni
Memorial Hall, through May 1.
Daily, 9-5, Sundays 2-5. The pub-
lic is invited,
Westminster Guild: 5:30 p.m.-
supper meeting. Mr. Gabriel Nahas
will speak on "The Christian Looks
Roger Williams Guild: Supper,
fellowship at Guild House, 6 p.m.
Group will go to Presbyterian
Church to hear Mr. Nahas speak
on "A Christian Looks at Commu-
Lutheran Student Association:
5:30 p.m., joint meeting of Luther-
an Student Association and Lu-
taeran Student Foundation. Speak-
er: Pastor Funke from Germany.
Canterbury Club: Supper, 5:30
p.m., followed by the third talk in
the series, "Religion Applied to
College Life." The speaker will be
W. Lloyd Berridge, a health serv-
ice psychiatrist and member of St.
Andrew's Church. Coffee hour fol-
lows at 9 p.m.
Unitarian Student Group: 6:30
p.m., Snack supper. Bull session on
"Items of the Unitarian Belief."
Congregational Disciples Guild:
6 p.m., supper at Congregational
Church. Following the election of
officers, Harold Haugh, Professor
of Music and May Festival Soloist,
will sing several numbers including
selections from Handel's "Mes-
siah" and Mendelssohn' "Elijah."
Tickets for the Gulantics Revue,
the All Campus Talent Show, can
be purchased today at the Hill
Auditorium box office starting at
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
U.J.A. festival tonight from 7 to
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Business meeting and rehearsal for
all officers, principals, chorus, and
construction crew on Sunday,
April 24, 2-5, Michigan League.
Presentation of slate of officers
and ratification of the Constitu-
Monday-rehearsal of the Dra-
goons, 7:00 p.m., Michigan League.
Tuesday-rehearsal of the Maid-
ens, 7:00 p.m.,. Michigan League.
UWF Discussion Meeting Sun-
day, April 24, 8-9:30 p.m. at 318
E. Madison. Topic-North Atlan-
Sociedad Hispanica: Social
Hour, Monday, April 25, 4 to 6
p.m., International Center.
Members of the University of
Michigan Dames Bowling Group
will meet Mon., April 25, at the
Women's Athletic Building, Uni-
versity of Michigan campus, at
La p'tite causette: Monday, 3:30
p.m., Grill Room, Michigan League.
The Armenian Students' Asso-
ciation: Mon., April 25, 7:30 p.m.,
Room 3-K, Michigan Union.
University of Michigan Dames
Interior Decorating Group: April
26, 8 p.m., East Conference Room,
Rackham Building. Mrs. H. K.
Smith of Milford, Michigan, will
speak on "Furniture Refinishing,"
and will demonstrate the refinish-
ing process of a piece of furniture
step by step.
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
T HE TIME HAS COME for Congress to
wipe the Taft-Hartley Act off the law
books. There are so many reasons for such
a move that it would take from here to the
bottom of this column to list them, without
embellishment or ornament. But the chief
reason is that we cannot run a successful
free society on the basis of punitive minor-
ity action against the majority.
We cannot run our own country on that
basis, and we cannot successfully work
with other countries, or even understand
them. Taft-Hartleyism in America is one
reason why we have been so fearful and
timid about working with the labor unions
in Western Germany. Our fine talk about
gaining the sympathetic understanding
of plain people everywhere in the world,
by helping them to accomplish their as-
pirations will find an automatic rebuttal
here at home, so long as the Taft-Hartley
Act continues to exist. If we don't trust
the labor organizations and the ambitions
of American working people, how are we
going to key ourselves in with the desires
of plain people in other lands? In this
field, you have to start at home, Jack.
And we have, at long last, begun to
comb some of the fancy Taft-Hartley argu-
ments out of our hair. Hardly anybody, for
ex~ample, goes around saying any more that
the American workman really loves the
new law, with its restraints against the
closed shop, etc., and that he is only kept
from saying so by fear of his labor union
bosses. In an overwhelming majority of
legislation is that the recent flurry of a
number of more or less important strikes
proves that labor unions are still free, and
still have the power to act, even with the
new law on the hooks.
But, wholly aside from the point that
the strikes themselves indicate that the
Taft-Hartley approach has not quite ful-
filled its pretensions of bringing about
labor justice and peace, the argument that
the Taft-Hartley measure still lets labor
strike seems to me to prove nothing. It
is precisely our task to show that rela-
tionships with labor in our society are not
arm's-length relationships, legalistic re-
lationship, in which the right to strike is
preserved, in a glum and forbidding at-
mosphere of injunctions, damage suits,
etc., etc., etc. It is our job to show the
world, not that we have, in kindly fashion,
allowed labor to retain certain rights, but
that our society's relation with its labor
organizations is a real and living one-
one in which the contributions of the
labor movement toward solving our eco-
nomic problems are hailed, not merely
The great reason for passing the Thomas-
Lesinski bill, and wiping out the Taft-Hart-
ley measure, is to show that a free labor
movement can live in our society, and that
our society can live with a free labor move-
ment, on a basis of confidence-to show,
in fact, that we like it that way. And until
we make this demonstration that we're not
afraid of our own people, how can we
hope, on any basis of full mutual confidence
to approach the people outside?
TIME OF CLASS
TIME OF EXAMINATION
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.Mon., May 30, 9-12
..Thurs., June 2, 2- 5
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