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April 20, 1949 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-04-20

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ELECTION
ASPECTS
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LIX, No. 138 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1949

SUNNY AND MID
PRICE FIVE CENTS

Boston Priest
Denounces
Archbishop
Calls Punishment
'Invalid, Brutal'
BOSTON - (P) - A 52-year-old
Jesuit priest, who declared he had
been stripped of his priestly pow-
ers for contending there is no sal-'
vation outside the Roman Catho-
lic Church, today denounced his
punishment by Archbishop Rich-
ard J. Cushing as "brutal" and
"invalid."
Archbishop Cushing said he had
barred the Rev. Leonard Feeney,
S.J., from the altar for "grave
offenses against the general laws
of the Catholic Church."
* * *
BUT FATHER Feeney said,
"the reason I am being silenced
is because I believe there is no
salvation outside the Catholic
Church and without personal sub-
mission to our Holy Father, the
Pope, and Archbishop Cushing be-
lieves there is . .. I believe the
present silencing of me is totally
invalid."
The invoking of one of the
gravest punishments of the
Catholic Church was the newest
development in a week - old
"heresy" controversy which has
stirrred the large Catholic pop-
ulation in this city.
The heresy charge first was lev-
eled against Boston College, noted
religious school, by three instruc-
tors there and another at Boston
College High School.
* * *
THE FOUR lost their teaching
positions, they claimed, because,
they contended Boston College
was preaching the "heresy" that
persons outside the Catholic faith
can attain salvation after death.
Father Feeney; an educator and
author whose works include the
popular "Fish on Friday," now
is spiritual adviser for a nine-
year-old lay organization for stu-
dents-St. Benedict's Center, near
Harvard University in Cambridge.
He said he had been ordered from
the diocese seven months ago.
* '*
Local Priest
Gives views
On Dismissals
Says Professors
Held Narrow views
By AL 1'LUMROSEN
"Professors are usually fired be-
cause they are too liberal but Bos-
ton College dismissed four faculty
members because of their ultra-
narrow views," Father Frank J.
McPhillips, pastor of St. Mary's
Chapel said yesterday.
The fo,4r who accused the col-
lege of "heresy" because it was
teaching that persons outside the
Catholic faith could attain salva-
tion after death, held a very nar-
row view, Father McPhillips said.
"THEY WERE TRYJNG to put
words into the church's iouth
that it does not teach."
Father McPhillips was dis-
turbed over the misunderstand-
ing that the Boston College was
teaching the "intolerant atti-

tude" presented by the dismissed
faculty members in their charge
that the school was heretical.
(One student called The Daily
to get straightened out on the
meaning of the Associated Press
story about the firings that ap-
peared yesterday.)
* * *
THE MEN WHO were dismissed
probably think they are martyrs,
Father McPhillips said. He pointed
out that none of the four are the-
ologians.
In its official catechism the
Catholic Church says this on the
question of who can attain sal-
vation:
"He who knows the church
to be the true church and re-
mains out of it can not be saved.
This applies to men of bad faith
who sin against the truth; it
does not apply to men of good
faith that belongs to the soul
of the church."
One of the four, Fakhri Maluf,
is a former University student.
Father McPhillips said he is a Sy-
rian who was converted during his
stay at the University.

Engine Open House
To Hit 'U'_Friday
Displays Will Feature Ship Models,
Rocket Motor, Miniature Railroads
University students will have a chance to see a ram jet engine,
the power unit of the famed German "Buzz Bomb," U.S. submarine
models and scores of other technical exhibits when the Engineering
School throws open its doors for its bi-annual open house this Friday.
More than 125 proud slip-stitch pushers have been working for
months on the affair which promises to rival the last open house
held in 1947 which attracted thousands of spectators.
Beside members of the University community, the engineers will
play host to additional thousands of high school students who will be
in town for "University Day."
* * * * .
SOME 250 exhibits, worth millions of dollars will be ready for the
visitors. Twelve engineering departments, plus the local NROTC and
4>ROTC units have prepared dis-

C hafee Cites
In jusice in
Equioty Cases
By insisting on unreasonably
high standards of conduct, "equity
judges turn morality into cruelty
and even into obsurdity," accord-
ing to Prof. Zechariah Chafee of
the Harvard Law School.
Continuing the subject "Going
into Equity with Unclean Hands"
in yesterday's Cooley law lecture,
Prof. Chafee used dramatic copy-
right and matrimonial cases to il-
lustrate how a narrow view of
morality can lead to gross injus-
tice in court decisions.
* * *
"IN (MARRIAGE cases, judges
have an especially strong duty to
look at the total situation and not
let the result turn on the ethical
behavior of a single individual,"
the Cooley lecturer said.
Unethical behavior on the
part of one of the partners of a
marriage sometimes leads courts
to annul marriages though there
is good reason to believe that
the marriage might succeed.
Such judicial action leads to an
excessive amount of "drifting"
into and out of marriage.
"Marriage is not something to
drift into and out of like a sa-
loon," Prof. Chafee declared.
IN OTHER CASES, divorce is
often refused if both the plaintiff
and defendant have been guilty of
violating the marriage vows, on
the grounds that the granting of a
divorce would show a tacit ap-
proval of past errors.
Commenting on these cases,
the Harvard professor said "Ju-
dicial unwillingness to condone
past sins is likely to be vondu-
cive to more serious future sins."
The Cooley lectures will con-
tinue the- discussion of "Some
Problems of Equity" at 4:15 p.m.
today in Hutchins Hall. "Repre-
sentative Spits" will provide Prof.
Chafee with ammunition for to-
day's talk.
Barbour' Gal
Bangs Head
Marilyn Weihe, '49, really
knocked herself out yesterday.
Miss Weihe, who lives in Betsy
Barbour House, was hurrying to
wake up a friend before her first
class. In the process, she banged
her head on the door and went
down for the ten count. Despite
two egg shaped lumps on her fore-
head, would-be doctors in Bar-
bour predict a speedy recovery.
A speech major, Miss Weihe has
been working with sound effects
and claims that her last thought
before she blacked out was wheth-
er her fall would be loud enough to
be heard on the air.
Her friends claim that Miss
Weihe is rather proud of her feat,
and lifts up her hair to show off
the bumps to anyone who will
look.

plays.
The affair will get full press cov-
erage from a corps of photogra-
phers from a Detroit newspaper
which plans to do a special feature
on the open house. The Technic
will also feature a complete cover
of the event in a special edition
which is to be distributed Thurs-
day and Friday.
Wally Dublonica is general
chairman of the event. He was as-
sisted by co-chairmen George
Wolf and Stan Saulson.
Machines on land, sea and air
will be the features of the Civil
Engineering, Naval Architecture
and Aeronautical Engineering
Departments, according to divi-
sion chairmen Arthur Plant,
Herman Merte and Eugene Her-
tier.
The Civil- Engineering Depart-
ment, with displays in both the
West and East Engineering Build-
ings, will have models of two types
of land travel-two exhibits of
railroads and one of a super high-
way, Plant said.
*. * *
THE NARROW gauge rail-
road is 15 by 20 feet, and has five
trains and 30 cars that run on
roads going over a realistic land-
scape with a pond, bridges and
tunnels. The second model is of
the new narrower "H-O" gauge,
built to scale eight by 12 feet.
On the sea, or at least on the
water, the Naval Architecture De-
partment will feature rides for
students on its naval testing car in
a water tank more than 200 feet
long and 20 feet wide.
Engineers have dusted off an
old steam engine, once used on
the launch of a Spanish Admiral
War, he added.
The Aeronautical Department,
under chairman Eugene Hertler,
will feature displays of airplanes,
wind tunnels and special instru-
ments designed to test airplanes
and their parts under all kinds of
conditions, Hertler said.
THE PROPULSIONS lab will
have a minijet engine 18 inches
long in operation, a ram jet en-
gine from Cleveland and a "sec-.
tional pulse" enginer similar to
those used on the German V-1
Buzz Bombs.
The Wright - Patterson Air
Laboratories have sent several
displays up from Toledo, Hertler
said. These include: a radio-
controlled target plane used for
gunnery practice for fledging
flyers; a photographic montage
of "Operation Vittles," the Ber-
lin Airlift; traction landing
gear; a cutaway of an aeroprop
as well as others set up at the
East Building, Hertler said.
Buses will leave on the hour
from 1 to 4 p.m. for Willow Run
Airport, where students will be
able to observe all the functions
of the field, he added, "Capital
Airlines even donated a DC-4 air-
liner for students to inspect inside
and out."
Sin of Omission
Only 16 of the 17 new members
of Mortarboard, senior women's
honorary society, were included in
the list submitted to The Daily
Monday.
Omitted from the list was Shir-
ley (Boots) Kallman.

Fate of China
Hours Away,
ReportsSay
Nationals Spurn
Red Ultimatum
NANKING - () - The fateful
battle for the Yangtze Valley and
control of all China may be only
hours away.
The government last night
spurned a Red demand for un-
opposed crossings of the mighty
river, an official source said. This
is expected to be the signal for a
Red smash to the south bank.
* * * *
THE COMMUNISTS had set up
a new list of conditions for peace.
Among them were the unopposed
crossings. They told the govern-
ment to agree by today or take
the consequences. No hour was
set.
The government reportedly
made a counter proposal, but
most observers predicted its
quick rejection by the Reds.
Shortly before the government
decision, the Communist radio de-
clared 400,000 Red veterans had
finished all preparations to strike
across the river in the Nanking-
Shanghai area.
IN ALL THE Communists are
believed to have 1,000,000 veterans
in position to attack along some
650 miles of the Yangtze river
front. The government has pos-
sibly 500,000- troops to meet the
assault.
Nanking was deep in gloom.
Police sentries were doubled.
Reinforced garrison patrols
moved through the capital with
full combat equipment. Fam-
ilies of officials were leaving
town.
The official source said the
government was handing the
Communists a counterproposal
that was loaded with all the con-
cessions the government thought
it could make. But few believed
they would be enough.
* * *
GOVERNMENT leaders trudged
wearily off to bed after day and
night sessions spent in framing
the reply. The official source said
their state of mind was this: if
the Communists will not yield on
their insistence for free crossings
there is no alternative but to
fight.
The Communists had warned
that if a peace agreement was not
signed by today, all further talks
in Peiping were off. The northern
city has been the scene of several
weeks of intense negotiations.
Worl d News
Round- Up
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS-The U.N. in-
vited Hungary and Burigary yes-
terday to tell their stories of the
imprisonment of Josef Cardinal
Mindszenty and Protestant
churchmen.
The Russian delegation indicat-
ed the two satellite countries
would not accept. Both have filed
protests with the U.N. against any
discussion of the trials, contend-
ing they are internal matters and
no business of the U.N.
BUENOS AIRES - Troops
maintained order yesterday at
the strike-bound city of Salta,
the scene of the first serious

labor disturbance in Argentina
since President Juan D. Peron
came to power in 1946.
Three persons were killed and
31 wounded in a 22 hour battle
between strikers and federal po-
lice yesterday at Salta, a city
of 67,000 near the Bolivian
frontier 1,200 miles northwest
of Buenos Aires.
* * *
WASHINGTON - President
Truman yesterday signed a bill
authorizing $5,580,000,000 for
European recovery over the next
15 months.

In First

Day

of Balloting

Y

CAMPUS ELECTION-Students discovered yesterday that bluebooks were not the only things that
called for serious mental effort. In record numbers they jammed polling booths, such as this one
on the Diag, to pick Student Legislature members, class officers and decide the fate of a dozen
campus issues by referendum. This scene will be repeated today with a completely new all-star
cast-those students who failed to vote yesterday because booths were "too crowded."

Vote

Turnout Tops 4,000

FLAMING YOUTH:
ale Audience Watches
Stockwell Hall Fire Drill

By LEON JAROFF
Stockwell Hall had a "coming
out" party last night.
To the small group of men who
were fortunate enough to witness
the fun, it was a great success.
SOME OF THE women partici-
pants, however, had different
ideas.
It was at 11:45 p.m. that the
clang of alarm bells shattered the
stillness of the night and sent the
540 residents of Stockwell scurry-
ing through the paces of the lat-
est addition to dormitory life-
the fire drill.
Although the coeds had been
notified in advance about the
drill, a general state of unpre-
paredness was evident as they
trooped out of Stockwell's rear
exits.
Cold cream, curlers, and paja-
mas detracted somewhat from the
glamour of the occasion and evok-
See Picture, page 2
ed chortles of glee from the male
onlookers.
But the women, undaunted by
the taunts of their midnight visi-
tors, went efficiently about their
business and formed into units
behind card-bearing section lead-
ers. Between phrases of "I don't
want to set the world afire," roll
call was taken.
FROM THE steady undercur-
rent of feminine voices, an occa-
sional gripe could be distinguish-
ed.
"Coffee should be served out
here."
''--------, it's cold!"
"My hair's a mess!"

AT LAST, the "all-safe" whistle
blew and the coeds stumbled back
into the warmth of Stockwell's
corridors. The stillness of the
night was again unbroken-except
for the grumbling of the depart-
ing men.
"Shucks," they said, "no one
was taking a shower."
See PICTURE, page 2
Eusian Drive to
Aim at Seniors
Sale Will Be Held
Today and Tomorrow
The 'Ensian sales force will set
its sights on the 600 out of 3434
photographed seniors who have
not yet purchased the yearbook,
during its open campus sale which
will be held today and tomorrow.
Sales booths will be set up on
the Diag and near the Engineer-
ing Arch, where from 10 a.m. to
4 p.m. orders will be taken for the
remaining 500 yearbooks.
Since more than half of the
campus will have their pictures in
the yearbook this year, there is
bound to be a last minute rush
to buy the book after its official
distribution," Jeannie Johnson,
head of the student index pointed
out.
"We wish to avoid a rush this
year, so we have put the extra
copies on sale before distribution,"
she explained.
The price of the 'Ensian is still
fixed at $6.

Red Leaders
Meet in Paris
PeaceParley
Delegates Plan Fight
Against Atlantic Pact
PARIS - (P) - Communist and
leftist leaders from 69 nations con-
verged on Paris yesterday to
launch the world peace congress
tomorrow.
The rank of delegates indicated
the congress would be an organized
offensive on the propaganda front
against the North Atlantic treaty.
The pact has been called an in-
strument of war in the Commu-
nist press.
IN PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia's
Communists hastily organized an
"overflow" peace congress for
some delegates from behind the
iron curtain who had not been
permitted to attend the Paris
meeting.
Russian, Chinese, Mongolian,
Polish, Romanian and Hungar-
ian delegates will be among
those at the Prague sounding
board congress, which will run
five days concurrently with the
Paris meeting.
Frederick Joliot-Curie, member
of the French Communist Party
and chairman of the French
atomic energy commission, will
make the opening address to the
2,000 or more delegates in the
Salle Preyel, an auditorium us-
ually reserved for classical con-
certs.
Stephen Wise,
Famed Jewish
Lea der Dies
NEW YORK-(;P)-Dr. Stephen
S. Wise, world-renowned Jewish
leader who fought for half a cen-
tury to make the world a better'
place to live for Jew and Gentilej
alike, died yesterday.
He celebrated his 75th birthday
last March 17.
The end came at Lenox Hill
hospital, with his family grouped

SL officials
Dismayed By
Small Crowd
Warmer Weather
PromisedToday
By CRAIG WILSON
More than 4,000 students voted
yesterday - equaling last semes-
ter's first day mark.
Voting will continue from 8
a.m. to 5 p.m. today. However,
election officials saw dreams of a
10,000 vote or even a predicted
8,500 vote fade, as they faced the
traditional second-day tapering
off in balloting. Last semester
7,013 voted.
ANOTHER cloudless day with
even warmer weathe was prom-
ised last night by weathermen.
Students will vote in the
Michigan Union lobby, Alumni
Memorial Hall, behind Haven
Hall, on the Diag, at the En-
gine Arch and on the steps of
the BusAd Building.
Student Legislature officials ex-
pressed disappointment with the
turnout:
* *- *
"THERE IS NO excuse for not
voting. Progress in student gov-
ernment will end' unless more
vote."
"SL's mandate for action will
be crippled without a large
vote."
"We are no good without the
campus behind us!"
Contrary to widespread belief on
campus, Seniors and graduates are
eligibles to vote for members Of
Student Legislature..---
LAST NIGHT, ballot boxes were
trundled off to the Ann Arbor
Police Station and placed in a
double-vaulted safe for the night.
Poll workers and watchers were
praised by Nuechterlein for care-
ful handling of the voting pro-
cedure. Daily reporters attempt-
ing to "test" them by voting twice
were repeatedly turned away.
Election counting will begin at
5:30 p.m. today, in Rm. 3R-S, of
the Union. Nuechterlein called on
all SL members and student coun-
ters to arrive as early as possible.
Sorting of ballots will take un-
til 9:30 p.m., he said.
(Newspapers
Lost Political
Power - Tunis
Displaced By Radio
DuringDepressi)n
The far-reaching political in-
fluence of American newspapers
ended with the great depression
and the return of a Democratic
administration, according to Prof.
Harold A. Innis, chairman of po,
litical economy at the University
of Toronto.
* * *
PROF. INNIS, who delivered his
second lecture on communications
yesterday at the Rackham Amphi-
theatre, reiterated his theory that
radio has replaced newspapers as
a political instrument.
"The implications of radio are
not yet discernible," he said,
"but radio seems to lead to
planning, bureaucracy and so-
cialism."

He remarked that radio has a
"monopoly over time," whereas
newspapers have only a "monop-
oly over space."
PROF. INNIS does not share the
opinion of some experts that there
is a tendency toward one-news-
paper towns.- Instead, he thinks
that Americans will continue to
favor variety and competition
among newspapers.
The speaker traced the develop-
ment of newspapers and news-
gathering agencies from colonial
times to the present.
This is Prof. Innis' second visit

GOVERNMENT MEDICAL CARE:

Socialization

Would Be Dictatorshp-cormic
4>* * * 4

By FRAN NICK
Socialized medicine would be a
dictatorship, Dr. E. J. McCormick,
trustee of the American Medical

no good can come of government
medicine."z
The national health bill now
pending debate in the Senate
i ,-Amei. n ,. r . (',.,vw ir

ernment has never acquitted itself
with glory in the running of any
enterprise.
Such a program as that now
r -n-n n rlcha i n ( n,-r mm ill

tional income in taxation, and
when we reach 50 per cent, we
have a socialist state."
The scientific foundation of

ym, -

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