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April 19, 1949 - Image 1

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LOBBY
Bee Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State

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VOL. LIX, No. 137 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 1949

PRICE FIVE UANTS

Students Expected r

Throng Polls

..

* * *

Communists
Prepared for
Chma Attack
Red Deadline To
ExpireToday
NANKING - VP) - Communist
troops one million strong were
poised yesterday to storm across
the Yangtze River today - the
deadline for Chinese Government
surrender expires.
Nationalist military 1e ader
made no pretense that they could
prevent it, although some sort of
fight is almost certain.
ACTING PRESIDENT Li Tsung-
Jen was reported to have appealed
for an extension of the deadline,
but this gloomy capital had small
hopes.
The prevailing opinion was
that the Red demand, including
free crossings to the south bank
at ten places, left no room for
argument.
Government officials admitted
privately that, stripped of a few
face-saving frills, the Red terms
were total surrender. They could
see no prospect but amalgamation
of Nationalist troops into the Com-
munist army, creation of a so-
called "coalition" government,
and their own gradual but com-
plete ouster from power.
THERE WAS a report that an
emissary had been sent to Chikow,
south of Shanghai, to ask the
opinion of the "retired" president
Chiang Kai-Shek.
Another report circulated that
Chiang already had decided to
order withdrawal of the entire
Shanghai-Nanking garrison
souethward. He could do it, for
these 300,000 troops are co-
manded by> Gen. Tang En-Po,
loyal to Chiang and no backer of
U's peace efforts of the past
three months.
It is no secret in Nanking that
Chiang favors sacrificing the
Yangtze line for a stronger last-
ditch defense in the South.
TANG'S MEN are believed sure
to put up some kind of opposition
to the Red's Yangtze crossing,
whether Nanking yields or not.
They then are expected to fall
back on Shanghai, whence some
would be shipped to Formosa and
others would march south for a
later stand.
It is on the island of Formosa,
where most of the Nationalist
)Air Force and most of its gold
and silver now are located, that
final Nationalist resistance is
anticipated.
Engineers To
Hold Annual
OpenHouse
A limited supply of brass souve-
nir bookends and paperweights
will be on sale by the Metal Pro-
cessing and Metallurgy Depart-
ments in their Engineering Open
House display Friday, according to
George Wolf and Jerry Hilbers,
chairmen of the department ex-
hibits.
The two departments will co-
operate in displaying the foundry
in the East Engineering Building.
Here. induction furnaces will be

running .in the morning and the
cupola, a miniature blast-furnace
for melting iron, will be in oper-
ation in the afternoon. Steel from
the cupula will be used for pour-
ing molds.
* * *
IN THE METAL Processing De-
partment, the machine and ma-
chinability labs will be open in the
East Engineering Building. These
labs contain more than 150 ma-
chines including grinders, screw-
ers, lathes and others.
The measuring and grinding
laboratory will also be open to
visitors. Here the temperature
is kept at 68 degrees and the
humidity is controlled to as-
sure accurate readings from the
machines, which record up to
millionths of an inch.

Panel Favors New
Atom Labor Board

U.S. Opposes
UN Proposal,
Reports Say

_T

WASHINGTON - (P) -A com-
mission appointed by President
Truman recommended yesterday
a special procedure for handling
labor disputes in vital atomic en-
ergy plants.
It included the creation of a
new labor board, the "atomic en-
ergy labor relations panel," which
could step in as a last resort and
delay a threatened strike or lock-
out.
* * *
THE COMMISSION, headed by
Accuse Reds
Of Organizing
Paris Confab
Claim Intimidation of
Scientists Is Goal
WASHINGTON - (A') - The
House Un-American Activities
Committee said yesterday that
Communists have engineered the
Paris "peace" conference to stir
atomic and other scientists to dis-
obey their governments.
The Paris meeting, opening to-
morrow, is one of a number of
such events inspired by Commu-
nists throughout the world "as a
part of a campaign against the
North Atlantic Defense Pact," the
committee said.
* * *

IN A SPECIAL REPORT, it ac-
cused the Communists of striving
to get American atomic secrets
spilled to the Russians.
It called the Paris gatheripg a
mobiliztion of scientists for
"civil disobedience" against free
nations.
"Ideological confusion" easily'
could "pass over into outrightj
treason," the report declared, add-'
ing:
"IF THE COMMUNISTS could
succeed, by playing upon the no-
toirious political naivete of phys-
ical - scientists, in inciting scien-
tists to 'strike' against their own
government, or sabotage, it would
be a real achievement for the So-
viet fatherland."
The committee said the sci-
entific and Cultural Conference
for World Peace held in New
York during March was a fore-
runner of the Paris conference.
It said this New York meeting
"was actually a supermobilization
of the inveterate wheelhorses and
supporters of the Communist
Party and its auxiliary organiz4-
tions."
The committee accentuated the
"civil disobedience" angle at the
New York meeting, saying:
"A member of the Commu-
nist party struck the main chord
of the. conference in his out-
right advocacy of civil disobed-
ience. Chosen for this role was
Richard Boyer, who spoke open-
ly as a member of the Commu-
nist party."
Rural Housing
Conditions Hit
By Sen. Frear
WASHINGTON-VP)-Some of
the nation's worst housing condi-
tions are in rural areas, Senator
Frear (Dem., Del.) said yesterday
during brief Senate consideration
of a multi-billion dollar housing
bill.
Senator Flanders (Rep., Vt.)
told his colleagues they would
have to do little more than glance
out their office windows to see the
need for better housing in the
cities.
* * *
THE HOUSING BILL provides,
among other things, for the con-
struction of 810,000 public hous-
ing units during the next six years
and for a $1,500,000,000 five-year
slum clearance program.
Flanders, one of the chief
sponsors ofsthe long range
housing measure, told a report-
er that probably two or three
more das n debate will he

William H. Davis, former chair-
man of the war labor board, urged
that the panel be used rarely and
that the labor relations in the
atomic industry be-as far as pos-
sible-normal, voluntary, and free
from government interference.
It proposed no new legislation.
It came out aganist outlawing
atomic strikes. But the unions
and the companies in the in-
dustry would be required toc on-
tinue operations-in any case
urgent enough for the "labor
relations panel" to enter-until
30 days after the panel had
issued recommendations for a
settlement.
The"'commission consisted of
Davis, Dr. Edwin E. Witte of the
University of -Wisconsin, and
Aaron Horvitz, an arbitrator in
New Work City.
,* *
THEY VISITED Mr. Truman
today and handed him their re-
port. He made it public and said
he will give it "careful considera-
tion."
The commission's major rec-
ommendations were:
1. That management and labor
in atomic plants "wholeheartedly
accept" a special responsibility to
seek peaceful settlement of dis-
putes in vital portions of the in-
dustry.
2. THAT the atomic energy
commission have "absolute and
final authority" on all matters of
security, and that such matters
not be considered proper for col-
lective bargaining.
3. That aside from the really
vital operations in the industry,
all collective bargaining be car-
ried on normally, free from
governmental interference.
4. That all collctve bargain-
ing contracts in the atomic plants
provide that any disputes involv-
ing the interpretation or appli-
cation of the contract be settled
without work stoppages-by arbi-
tration if necessary.
* * *
5. THAT in critical disputes,
people "at the very highest levels"
of management and labor be
brought into the negotiations.
6. That management and la-
bor make every effort to deter-
mine questions concerning the se-
lection of unions to represent the
workers by means of agreement
and "consent elections," instead of
having bitter contests before the
National Labor Relations Board.
Voters Okay
Expansion of
PublicSchools
In what was termed the heaviest
school vote in years, Ann Arbor
voters yesterday cleared the way
for a seven million dollar public
schools expansion program.
With 3500 voters participating, a
measure to issue $5,800,000 in
school bonds to finance a building
program was passed 2,252 to 769.
A special millage issue which
gives the school board power to
levy up to $9 per each $1000 of as-
sessed evaluation to meet bond
payments was passed 2,538 to 876.
Remainder of the money will
come from other funds, most of
which are already available.
Schools Superintendent Otto
Haisley last night hailed the vote
outcome as evidence "of fine pub-
lic response to the needs of the
school system."

Daily-Howe
PROF ZECHARIAH CHAFEE
,. * *
Cha'feeHits
0 e0
Injustices of
Equity law
By PAUL BRENTLINGER
Lashing out at "puritanical"
justice, Prof. Zechariah Chafee
opened the current series of Cooley
law lectures yesterday by declar-
ing that equity must come down
from the pedestal which it occu-
pies in much present day legal
thinking.
Prof. Chafee, Langdell professor
of law at Harvard and a leading
expert in the field of equity, chose
the topic "Going Into Equity with
Unclean Hands" to launch this
year's Cooley series.
* * *
THIS TOPIC he contrasted with
the traditional and time-honored
maxim of equity that "he who
comes into equity must come with
clean hands." This means that the
plaintiff in an equity case must
have a spotless record if he expects
relief from the court.
The "clean hands" doctrine,
according to Prof. Chafec, has
been applied in many cases in
such a manner that actual in-
justice often results.
As the Cooley lecturer pointed
out, this happens because equity,
which was developed to offset the
rigid limitations and formality of
medieval English law, is imbued
with a sense of "ethical" and
"moral" right.
* * *
CITING A COLORFUL series of
court decisions, Prof. Chafee
showed how this "ethical" justice
could lead to some bizarre results
which are not consistent with any
true natural or moral justice.
Thus, it often happens that
plaintiffs are denied relief which
they would ordinarily receive
from the courts simply because
they have not met the ethical
standards of the court.
At the same time, the other
party in the case, whose hands
are probably "just as dirty," es-
capes without paying the conse-
quences which society would ex-
pect him to pay.
"THE CLEAN HANDS maxim
often misleads judges into dis-
regarding the more significant hu-
man actions affecting the case,"
according to Prof. Chafee.
The second of the Cooley lec-
tures will be delivered today as
Prof. Chafee deals further with
problems of equity. Today's talk
is scheduled for 4:15 p.m. in Rm.
100, Hutchins Hall.
Sigma Delta Chii
To Meet Tonigt
The campus chapter of Sigma
Delta Chi, professional journalism
fraternity will meet at 7:30 p.m.
today, in Rm. 3A of the Union.

Cuba Asks Check
Of Religion Trials
LAKE SUCCESS-(A')-Ameri-
can opposition was reported last
night against a proposal for a spe-
cial United Nations committee to
look into the Iron Curtain trials of
Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, Lu-
theran Bishop Ordass and 15 Bul-
garian Protestant clergymen.
The proposal was made by
Cuban delegate Dr. Gustavo Gu-
tierrez, who said he wants the UN
also to check on reported religious
persecution behind the iron cur-
tain.
INFORMED sources said the
United States turned thumbs down
on the Cuban idea at this time.
These sources said the U.S. wants
the UN to call attention to the way
provided in the peace treaties with
Bulgaria and Hungary for settling
disputes.
The U.S. also was said to fa-
vor some censure of Hungary
and Bulgaria in a UN resolution.
If the peace treaty machinery
falls down, these sources said, the
UN then could be a last resort for
nations favoring action in the
trials of the religious leaders.
* * *
GUTIERREZ surprised the
United States and most other dele-
gations by putting a resolution be-
fore the Assembly's special politi-
cal committee, which got to the
Mindszenty and similar cases to-
day.
The committee called off its
afternoon session so the dele-
gates could study the 1,000-
word document.
There was little or no prospect
that the proposed committee could
get inside the Soviet orbit but it
would be set up in Geneva to gath-
er all the evidence that could be
pieced together in Europe.
M ortarboard
Members Tap
16 'U' Women
Cap-and-gowned members of
Mortarboard, senior women's hon-
orary society, marched into wom-
en's residences after closing hours
last night to tap 16 surprised jun-
ior women.
New members of the group,
chosen on the basis of scholarship
and campus activities, are:
Joyce Atchison, Edith Andrew,
Betsy Bousfield, Virginia Camp-
bell, Nancy Cupples, Marge Flint,
Dorothy Fogel, Ruth Anne Han-
sen, Mary Ann Harris, Joanne
Johnson, Carol Neilsen, Patricia
Reed, Louise Steele, Lois Steere,
Mary Stein and Betsy Vinieratos.
Today the coeds honored by
the national honorary in its an-
nual tapping ceremony will wear
the society's symbol-the mortar-
board-to all classes.
Doctor To Discuss
Medical Coitrol
"Government-Controlled Social-
ized Medicine" will be discussed by
Dr. Edward J. McCormick of To-
ledo at 8 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham lecture hall.

NEW YORK-(A')-A Georgia
Negro who said he was trained in
Moscow testified yesterday that a
Negro nation was to have been
forged from America's deep South
by the flames of violent revolution.
William O'Dell Nowell, a federal
Priest Ousted
For Views on
College Dispute
BOSTON - VP) - Archbishop
Richard J. Cushing of the Boston
Roman Catholic Archdiocese last
night deprived the Rev. Leonard
Feeney, S.J., of his priestly func-
tiQns a few hours after the latter.
took the stand of three Boston
College instructors who accused
the school of heresy.
The Archbishop said that Fr.
Feeney now "is without ecclesias-
tical recognition and cannot say
mass, preach or teach religion."
THE SEVERE penalty, he said,
was for "grave offenses against
the general laws of the Catholic
Church."
Archbishop Cushing also
backed Boston College in its
dismissal of the three lay in-
structors who were fired last
Wednesday for accusing the
Jesuit institution of heresy.
He also said that Catholics who
attend St. Benedict's Center,
headed by Fr. Feeney, "forfeit
their right to receive the sacra-
ments of penance and holy euch-
arist."
S* * *

government employe, told a jury at
the conspiracy trial of 11 top Com-
munists that he once was a stu-
dent of revolution at the feet of
party leaders in Russia.
THERE, he said, Red Army in-
structors schooled him in "the
science of civil warfare."
Other instructors, he testified,
lectured on "the violent over-
throw of the capitalistic system
and the establishment of a pro-
letarian dictatorship."
Out of this blood bath, Howell
said, was to come a new Negro na-
tion, conceived in violence and
dedicated to extending the Com-
munist revolution throughout the
United States.
* * *
IT WAS TO extend from Vir-
ginia to the Mississippi Delta,
Nowell said-the "black belt of the
South," where Communists
claimed Negroes were in the ma-
j ority.
"The revolution in the South,"
the witness went on in a hushed
federal courtroom, "would aid
the northern industrial workers
in bringing about revolution in
the North and hence through-
out the whole country."
Nowell told Federal Judge Har-
old R. Medina and a jury:
"I objected to this segregation
movement because it would isolate
the Negro in the South and use
him as a tool to create revolution
in the United States and because
it would sacrifice these unsuspect-
ing people, as they had the least
understanding."
WPJR Owner
MVay Give Up
Voting Control
WASHINGTON - (P) - G. A.
Richards of Los Angeles yesterday
asked authority to relinquish his
voting control of three major
radio stations which have been
under Federal Communications
Commission investigation.
The Richards petition filed yes-
terday asked the FCC to grant
permission for him to transfer,
the voting power of his majority
stock in the three stations to
three trustees.
The applications said that Dr.
John A. Hannah, president of
Michigan State College at East
Lansing, Mich., L. P. Fisher, vice-
president of Fisher and Co., De-
troit, and Harry J. Klinger,
Bloomfield Hills, Mich., vice-
president of General Motors, had
agreed to act in the trustee ca-
pacity.'

-An Editorial
STUDENTS cannot fall back on the well-worn "I-didn't-
know-anybody-so-I.didn't.vote" excuse in today's election.
Climaxing the fiercest and most elaborate campaigning
this campus has seen in local elections, SL officials are hoping
for another record-breaking vote and a clear mandate to con-
tinue their constructive work.
The Legislature's part in lifting the speakers' ban, the
newly passed discrimination resolution, and the whole roster
of accomplishments during the year prove unequivocally that
SL deserves your backing-and prove that you need SL.
Without your support, SL cannot operate with any sem-
blance of effectiveness.
To make student government an even stronger force, vote
today or tomorrow at one of the six campus booths.
-The Senior Editors.
TRIAL TESTIMONY:
Says Reds Proposed
Southern Negro Nation

o a
SL Officers
See Record
8,500_Vote
Fair Weather
Now Forecast
By CRAIG WILSON
Chances for a record campus
election vote today and tomorrow
zoomed last night as weathermen
revised earlier "rain" estimates in
favor of higher temperatures and
clearing skies.
Only a trace of rain and a few
wisps of cloud will mar hopes for
The Daily presents a com-
prehensive analysis of the cam-
pus elections and statements
fronm candidates on page seven
and eight of this issue. Clip it
out and take it to the polls with
you,
an 8,500 record-smashing turnout
today when 116 student cam-
paigners compete for 43 offices
and seats.
* * *
TOMORROW WILL be even
warmer, but forecasters hesitated
on whether there was any chance
for showers.
But if rain would disappoint
Student Legislature officials, 73
student politicos would be dis-
appointed-they will lose. The
See STUDENTS, Page 7
CamCrlpaigns Hit
Climalx With
Open Houses
Big West Quad Rally
Ends Electioneering
A high-geared, hard-fought stu-
dent government election cam-
paign rolled to its climax yester-
day with four open houses for can-
didates grabbing the spotlight.
Biggest rally of the day, and the
campaign, was a spirited, infor-
mal one held at West Quadrangle.
There more than 30 candidates in-
troduced themselves to several
hundred men who sat on dining
room tables and chairs to cheer
wildly or make wise cracks when-
ever they felt like it.
ENTERTAINMENT of an infor-
mal nature included a number by
a German band and a hillbilly
piece on a guitar by one of the
candidates. Guest speakers includ-
ed former Men's Judiciary Presi-
dent Ev Ellin and IFC President
Bruce Lockwood.
A sparsely-attended AVC rally
held in an echoing Union Ball
Room discussed the problem of
whether or not the University
should refuse to recognize cam-
pus organizations which have
discriminatory clauses in their
constitutions.
Legislators Leon Rechtman and
Gil Schubert opened the pro-

gram by supporting the affirma-
tive and negative sides respective-
ly. Then about a dozen candidates
pelleted them with questions, later
expressed their own, stands on the
issue.
OPEN HOUSES were also held
at Jordan Hall and Greene House,
where about 20 candidates, bearing
name tags, circulated among about
as many guests to defend their
views on every issue from coop-
erative bookstores to the value of
fraternities.
Campaigning went beyond the
attending of open houses to in-
clude the spattering of the campus
with posters of every color and
size with messages of varying dig-
nity.
And many a candidate is tuck-
ered out from just forcing a beam-
ing smile and glad hand on so
many potential voters he has
tramped all over the city to con-
vince.
Texas Solons Vote
r"- '-. 'W-. ~ r-ua

ST. BENEDICT'S is a Catholic
religious educational center near
Harvard College in Cambridge.
Earlier last night Fr. Feeney
said the center "is sponsoring a
movement in the Catholic world
to appeal to his holiness, Pope
Pius, XII, to make an infallible
pronouncement in the issues
involved."
Fired by the Rev. William J.
Keleher, S.J., Boston College pres-
ident, were James R. Walsh, a
philosophy instructor, Fakhri Ma-
luf, assistant professor of philoso-
phy, and Charles Ewaskio, assis-
tant professor of physics.
The three instructors accused
the school of heresy by teaching
students (1) there may be salva-
tion outside the Catholic Church;
(2) a man may be saved without
admitting the Roman Catholic
Church to be supreme among all
churches; and (3) a man may be
saved without submission to the
Pope-.

Pope.

TORONTO ECONOMIST LECTURES:
Radio Opens New Phase of Civilization

fi

Radio introduced a new phase
into Western civilization, Prof.
Harold A. Innis of the University
of Toronto said yesterday, in the
first of two economics lectures at
Rackham.
"The failure of newspapers in
Presidential election campaigns
shows that radio can dominate

i

* * *

v

ium assumes a bias-and its
peculiarities eventually lead to
a catastrophe, and a new med-
ium replaces the old one."

He traced the impact of tech-
nology on public opinion, and dis-
cussed the media associated with
the civilizations of the world.

Later, parchment replaced the
less durable papyrus. It meant a
monopoly of knowledge by eccles-
iastic groups, small libraries and
decentralization.
. * * *
COMMENTING on more recent
times, Prof. Innis discussed the

something is happening. Western
communications have reached a
stage where a sane approach is
impossible."
* * *
ACCORDING TO him, radio
means more centralization, news-
papers mean decentralization. He

....m

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