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April 14, 1949 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1949-04-14

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COLLEGE

DISCRIMINATION
See Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

~Iaii4

CLOUDY AND COOLER

VOL. LIX, No. 133 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 14, 1949

PRICE FIVE GENTS

I



-' ,

Red Chief
Lashed By
FBI Agent
Declares CP
Behinid Strikes
NEW YORK - (P) - An FBI
agent yesterday quoted a Mich-
igan Communist leader as saying
the party was "behind all strikes,
auto, steel, electric and meat."
The agent, Fred Cook, did not
amplify the statement for a Fed-
eral Court jury at the conspiracy
trial of 11 top American Commu-
nist leaders.
* * *
HE SAID Carl Winter, Mich-
igan State Communist Party di-
rector and one of the trial de-
fendants, made the statement at
a meeting in Detroit in 1946.
A Detroit FBI agent, Eugene
H. Stewart, told the jury of a
"Lenin memorial" meeting in
Detroit Jan. 3, 1946.
The speakers were Winter and
Tim Buck of the National Labor
Progressive Party of Canada,
Stewart testified.
WINTER TOLD the open meet-
ing, the agent testified, that "the
time was soon to come when Len-
in's teachings would be put into
action."
Stewart quoted Buck as using
the phrase "we Communists"
and as saying the United States
is "the sole remaining imperial-
ist nation."
Stewart was called hurriedly by
the prosecution after the defense
had waived its right to cross-ex-
amine Stewar and an earlier wit-
ness, Frarik S. Meyer of Wood-
stock, N.Y.
The defense asked that the
cross - examination be postponed
until the next session of court,
saying this was "desirable to have
an overnight check" before pro-
ceeding. But Federal Judge Har-
old R. Medina ruled against the
request, saying it might set a
precedent for similar delays after
every other witness had testified.
Scholarships
Granted To 140
For Next Year
Scholarships and fellowships
with a total value of more than
$80,000 have been granted to 140t
students who will attend the Uni-
versity next year, Dr. Ralph A.E
Sawyer, Dean of the Graduate1
School, has announced.
Granted to students from uni-
versities and colleges throughout
this country, the awards will be-
come effective at the beginning of1
the fall semester. A number oft
foreign students are also included
on the list of scholarships, which
are granted on the basis of high
scholastic standing.
* * *
THE GRANTS include ten Hor-
ace H. Rackham Predoctoral Fel-
lowships of $1,500 each, 11 Horace
H. Rackham Special Fellowships"
of $1,000 each, 44 University fel-
lowships valued at $750 to $950_
each, 36 University scholarships of
tuition, 21 State College Scholar-
ships of $750 each, and a group of
18 special fellowships from various
trust funds and gifts managed by
the University.

Recipients of the Horace H.
Rackham Predoctoral Fellow-
ships and their fields of study
are Morris Bornstein, eco-
nomics; Robert Brower, Far
Eastern Literature; Howard
Crum, botany; I-Ming-Feng,
mechanical engineering; Roland
Good, Jr., physics; Robert Mc-
Larty, history; Ruth Riemer,
sociology; Robert Short, zool-
ogy; David Saletan, chemical
engineering; Lester Wolf son,
English language and litera-
ture.
Grants of Rackham Special Fel-
lowships were awarded to: Law-c
rence Bartell, Andrew Berger,t

A nti-Disc rimina tion

Rule
* * *

Passes SE

t

* * *

* * *

NSA PLAN'IMPOSSIBLE':

Merchant Opposes
Purchase System
Merchant cooperation with NSA's Purchase Card System is im-
possible, an Ann Arbor merchant's official told The Daily yesterday
According to Chester Roberts, president of the retail merchant's
division of the Ann Arbor Chamber of Commerce, the NSA plan
which allows students merchandise discounts ranging from 10 to 25
per cent is "economically unsound."
*' * * *
ROBERTS CITED four major reasons for the opposition of retail
merchants to the purchase plan. They are:
1. Increased overhead due to higher labor costs, rents and
taxes-would cause a discount of even 10 per cent to result in un-
profitable operation. Thus a larger volume of trade would merely
mean larger losses.

SL Slates
'R ah-Rah
For Ballot
Legislator Bill Gripman's "Rah-
Rah" program was pushed onto
the campus ballot by the Student
Legislature last night after more
than an hour's heated debate.
In a session that dragged to 11
p.m. and while the quorum hov-
ered at around thirty, weary rep-
resentatives tried vainly to get
over one of the largest agendas in
SL history.
* * *
GRIPMAN WAS empowered to
take his plan to revive student
spirit on campus to the Student
Affairs Committee if the campus
referendum is favorable.
With severe opposition to
"Rah-Rah" developing as moves
were made to dodge reaching
a final vote last night, the ref-
erendum; was worked out to
enable a decision to be made
without SL having to fight this
issue out. Delay in passage
would postpone SAC considera-
tion of the proposed-program
and make putting it into effect
difficult, according to Gripman.
The Legislature also unanimous-
ly approved setting up a three-
committee program to offer aid
to the University towards getting
the appropriations it has request-
ed of the Michigan Legislature. A
post card campaign was suggested.
* * *
THEY ALSO accepted a letter
from the Regents refusing an SL
request for a modified "Meet Your
Regents" program, on the basis
that the board is "looking for-
ward to meetings not only with
representative students on cam-
pus, but also with representative
faculty groups."
SL officials said the results the
Legislature sought would be
achieved through the board's
counter proposal.

2. The fact that the discounts
are available only to students,
and then only to those with
Purchase Cards. "Why can't
other groups also qualify?" he
asks.
3. Only one Ann Arbor retail
merchant honors the cards.
R~oberts excluded four other co-
operating establishments on the
grounds that they are not "re-
tail" distributors.
4. Merchandise priced under
the Fair Trade Laws could not
be sold at a discount.
* * *
ON CAMPUS, however, Pur-
chase Cards are running high in
student favor. According to Cathy
Houston, '50, chairman of PCS,
over 900 cards have already been
sold and sales will be resumed
next week.
She said that many students
reported using the cards over
vacation in stores across the
nation wheih had signed con-
tracts with NSA.
Use of the cards in Ann Arbor
is restricted to a flower shop, shoe
repair, record store, beauty shop
and an automobile supplies store.
Miss Houston emphasized that
NSA was confident that other
merchants would eventually sign
up.
* * * - '
ONE OF THE merchants coop-
erating with NSA, Robert Ward,
explained that like all other mer-
chants he is in business to make
a living. By concentrating sales
through the Purchase Card sys-
tem, he thinks that his volume
may be upped enough to make
the discount sale profitable.
"I am willing to give the plan
a try," he declared.
Ward is not a member of the
Ann Arbor Chamber of Commerce.
SL Questionnaire
All candidates for Student
Legislature posts must hand
in their questionnaires from 9
a.m. to midnight today, at the
cashier's desk, Student Publi-
cations Building. Forms may
be obtained from Quent Nes-
bitt, SL committeeman.

Would Ban
Clauses in
New Groups
Final Approval
Rests With SAC
By DON McNEIL
A history-making anti-discrimi-
nation resolution was passed in a
heated Student Legislature session
last night.
It was the first such recommen-
dation ever to come out of a Mich-
igan student government.
BASED ON Vice-President John
Ryder's Committee on Discrimina-
tion report, the resolution asks the
Student Affairs Committee to re-
fuse recognition to any future or-
ganization which prohibits mem-
bership because of race, religion or
color.
It was passed by a 27 to 17
vote over cries from the oppo-
sition that it was "unfair"
Legislator Jake Jacobson said
"It is not something for SL to take
care of" and referred to a Big Ten
IFC meeting at Minnesota in May
which has been called to combat
discrimination.
* * *
SUPPORTING the motion Don
Rothschild charged that "As rep-
resentatives of the students we
can't endorse University recogni-
tion of groups which have dis-
criminatory clauses."
A second resolution, recom-
mending SAC action to obtain
copies of all constitutions for a
permanent file, including those
of already recognized organiza-
tions, passed 24 to 18 although
several legislators charged "ul-
terior motives."
Both resolutions had the support
of the major campus housing
units, including IFC, Panhel, As-
sembly and the Quadrangles which
had voted yesterday in a meeting
of the discrimination committee.
* .* *
THE HOUSING groups had sub-
mitted results of a survey taken
independently and reported to the
SL, indicating the amount of dis-
crimination already in existence.
IFC's report indicated 22 fra-
ternities with 33 restrictive clauses
and 13 without. Four fraternities
have not yet been checked.
Of those covered, ten were
anti-Jewish, four pro-Jewish
and three prohibited member-
ship to Catholics. Approximately
twenty are restricted to Caucas-
ians.
Panhel's survey showed three
sororities have restrictive clauses.
Among the Independents, only
the quadrangles reported that race
or religion was a criteria, and they
said that this was during the
freshman year, when there is a
"tendency to assign students to
roommates with similar back-
grounds."
BRUCE LOCKWOOD, IFC
President, praising the Commit-
tee's work, indicated three ways
that action can be taken on the
question by the fraternity group.
He said that the first step was
the Big Ten Conference next
month. A second is by individi l
fraternity action to get their na-
tional organizations to change
their Constitutions, and a third
is letters to the national organi-
zations and the National Inter-
Fraternity Council on the sub-

ject.
Lockwood stated that the Na-
tional IFC does not, at present,
admit Negro fraternities to mem-
bership.
Hopwood Entries

Daily-Lmanian
WORKING OVERTIME-With a constantly dwindling quorum, Student Legislature officers ran last
night's SL session until 11 p.m. in an attempt to cover its agenda of business. President Jim Jans
fought steadily to maintain order as amendment after amendment view with points of order. No
women Legislature members were present to vote on the last two motions and the meeting broke
up with much business yet untouched. Left to right are: Jake Jacobson, chairman of the varsity
committee; Bailiss McInnis; John Ryder, vice-president; Jans, and Hugh Greenberg, cabinet
member.

Seven Die as
Shock Splits
MajorCities
Tacoma,- Seattle,
OlympiaRocked
SEATTLE--(A)-Fear and wide-
spread damage rocked through
the Pacific Northwest at 2:55.54
p.m. (EST) yesterday..
The worst earthquake in the
region's history brought death to
seven persons and injury to many
others. It cracked buildings. It
cast bricks and glass into city
streets on the heads of many of
the thousands who fled the sway-
ing structures.
IT HURLED two houses into
Puget Sound from Fox Island near
Tacoma, Wash. They were be-
lieved unoccupied, but the Coast
Guard sent a boat to investigate.
It cracked the earth. It dis-
rupted rail traffic for two hours
between Portland, Ore. and
Seattle. It was felt over a 500-
mile long area of the coastal
northwest, hitting hardest the
Puget Sound cities of Olympia,
Tacoma and Seattle,
A Seattle man, Alfred Welander,
60, died of a heart attack two
hours after the shock, and a heart
attack claimed Konrad Sorenson,
71, in Cosmopolis, Wash.
SIXTY MILES south of Seattle
the capital city of Olympia took
the brunt of the shock. A woman
died of a heart attack; a man
was smashed by falling bricks.
Tumbling bricks also killed a
schoolboy in Tacoma and a col-
lapsing corner of a school building
wall crushed the life from.a boy
in Castle Rock, Wash. The front
of a building fell on a man in
Centralia, Wash., crushing hit
fatally.
Scientists at the University of
Washington said it was a quake
of number 8 intensity-next
door to catastrophe on the scale
which rates number 12 as total
destruction.
Water tanks split like overripe
melons. Water mains burst and
automatic sprinkler systems
popped in many buildings. Parked
automobiles were crushed be-
neath tumbling debris. Windows
jumped from their casings, or
cracked in stars or jagged lines.
TWELVE PERSONS were hos-
pitalized from injuries in Tacoma,
10 in Centralia, six in Seattle and
officials said there were "scores"
reporting shock, bruises and minor
cuts.
The casualty list was concen-
trated in the west central Wash-
ington area. Injuries were re-
ported from many western
Washington cities. The total
may run to scores.
The quake struck violently in
Olympia, Wash., damaged eight
major state capitol buildings. Two
were ordered vacated immediately,
and an official said damage to
state structures alone would
amount to uncounted millions. All
Olympia city business buildings
were ordered closed.
Colleges Seek
Wide Training,

BLOC VOTING ENDS:
AIM,est Quad Consent
To Withdraw Newsletters

Outright bloc voting ended on
campus last night, as both the
Association of Independent Men
and West Quad withdrew plans
to circulate controversial news-
letters.
AIM president, Ray Guerin,
blamed a misunderstanding of
what constituted bloc voting after
the announcement of plans for
the newsletter. The letter was to
have named only AIM candidates
and given their qualifications.
HE PROMISED cooperation in
the circulation of a Student Leg-
islature newsletter which states
the qualifications of all candi-
dates.
Thoburn Stiles, president of
the West Quadrangle Council,
said WQ would "stay lily-white
and not put out a Quad news-
letter."
FC president Bruce Lockwood
praised both actions and said his
group would also refrain from any
attempt to "educate" the students
to any particular group of candi-
dates.
s. * * *
MEANWHILE, bits of bloc vot-
ing were uncovered by The Daily:
Michigan House open houses
will be "open" only to the three
candidates from that particular
house, Stu Hertzberg, '50, pres-
ident of Michigan House said.
And a member of Alpha Xi Del-
ta reported that five fraternities
had called her house within one
day this week in attempts to bar-
ter second place votes in tradi-
tional bloc-voting style. All offers
were refused, she said.
* * *
LOCKWOOD said he was pow-
erless to stop these tactics and
commented that under the Hare
System they usually worked to
the sole advantage of the frater-
nity candidate.

Open houses scheduled for
them to attend today are: Stock-
well, 6:30 p.m.; Lloyd House, 6:30
p.m.; Winchell House, 7 p.m., and
Williams House, 7 p.m.
All candidates desiring to speak
before fraternity groups were ask-
ed by Lockwood to contact IFC
member, Don Calhoun, 2-3189.
World News
Round- Up
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-A City College of
New York spokesman claimed that
the Communist Party was trying
to take over the three-day-old
student strike. Meanwhile 500
students marched on the City Hall
demanding a reduction in the po-
lice patrol at the scene of the
campus picketing.
, *- *
WASHINGTON - The House
overwhelmingly approved a $16,-
000,000,000 military money bill,
the greatest in American peace-
time history, last night after less
than two days of whirlwind de-
bate.
WASHINGTON - The three
Western powers ruled yesterday
that 159 German 'industrial
plants previously marked for
removal as reparation payments
will be retained as part of a
new program to revive Western
Germany.
* * *
NEW YORK-Israel's hopes for
early admission to the United
Nations were dashed yesterday by
a surprise UN Assembly decision
for a full review of the Zionist
state's right to join.,

Britain Says
Russia Has
Broken Pact
LONDON-(P)-Britain accused
Russia yesterday of breaching
their 20-year friendship alliance.
She said Russia had violated
every clause in the Potsdam ac-
cord relating to the alliance.
* *.*
THE NOTE, a reply to Russia's
protest against the North Atlanic
Alliance, was made public as a
diplomatic specialist in German
affairs reported that Russia has
made a new conditional and infor-
mal offer to lift the Berlin block-
ade.
The informant, who declined
to be identified even as to na-
tionality, said the Russians re-
cently launched feelers through
Polish representatives in Berlin
on a deal to lift the blockade if
four-power negotiations on Ger-
many would be resumed.
The story could not be con-
firmed in Berlin, Frankfurt or
Washington.
GEN. LUCIUS D. CLAY, Ameri-
can Military Governor in Ger-
many, said there was no indication
the Russians were planning to lift
the blockade and that he was ask-
ing for more planes to strengthen
the airlift.
Meanwhile in New York Aus-
sia launched a full-scale attack
on the North Atlantic Pact,
charging it is an aggressive
move "directed against the
U.S.S.R."
The attack came from Andrei A.
Gromyko, Russia's No. 1 deputy
foreign minister, in his first speech
before a plenary meeting of the
present United Nations Assembly.
Gromyko also made a detailed
defense of the Soviet use of the
veto.

BUSY LEGISLATORS:
Sub-Committee for NSA
Hard est Working in SL

Sawyer

Says

(Editor's Note: This is the second
in a series of four interpretive articles
designed to acquaint students with
the Student Legislature -- to which
they will elect 25 representatives next
Tuesday and wednesday.)
By CRAIG WILSON
Despite a structure that makes
a molecule look like simplicity it-
self, the Student Legislature's sub-
committee for the National Stu-
dent Association (NSA) has more
work than any other SL commit-
tee.
"It acts as a tie between the
campus and student activities
throughout the nation and most

Sale of Purchase Cards on Cam-
pus - part of a nationwide PCS
drive by NSA-was recently be-
gun, as part of the fight to lower
the prices of merchandise stu-
dents must buy, Hooker pointed
out.
THE FOREIGN Travel Bureau,
which also handles information
on foreign correspondence, has
been opened this semester, in an
attempt to coordinate all infor-
mation available on student trav-
el.

SHAPE O' THINGS TO COME:
Hefty Males Seek Cure Via Pills

Though present day colleges
want broadly trained teachers who
are masters of an area rather than
a specialized field, this is not what
they get, according to Dean Ralph
A. Sawyer of the graduate school.
Dean Sawyer spoke last night
on "The Training of College
Teachers" in the latest of the cur-
rent series of special lectures
sponsored by the education school.
HE POINTED out that industry
and government offer opportuni-
ties for high paying jobs to stu-
dents with doctoral degrees in
highly specialized fields. Few stu-
dents are willing to pass up such
opportunities in order to get the

Guarding their hour-glass waist-
lines, men students now outstrip
coeds in their purchase of reduc-

campus are combinations of
saccharine and a B-vitamin, the
sugar-sweetness serving to kill

out losing weight, according to
Health Service doctor Margaret
Bell. "We've had several student>

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