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March 22, 1949 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-03-22

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ATLANTIC

PACT
See Page 4

L ip-i L r

Latest Deadline in the State

4 6F
t t

L
T

SHOWERS

VOL. LIX, No. 121 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCh 22, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

GiveUp Hope
For Nominee
Regents Meet
Two Candidates
Ismeline to Attend
Hope died last night for the
Student Legislature's proposed
open meeting on campus of all
candidates for the two Regents
posts to be filled in the April 4
election. I
SL President Jim Jans, '49, told
The Daily he was unable to ob-
tain consent to attending the
meeting from "at least one can-
didate from each party," as re-
quired by the Legislature.
Both Democratic and Progres-
sive Party candidates were will-
ing to attend, Jans said. How-
ever, he explained that neither
Republican Party candidate ac-
cepted the invitation which would,
have brought all six to Kellogg
Auditorium Thursday.
Alfred G. Connable, Kalamazoo,
incumbent, told Jans that party
officials had already booked him
solid until election night.
Mrs. Vera Bates, Detroit, also
incumbent, said flatly she "would
not co te", according to Jans. He
said she failed to give reasons for
her refusal.
Both Democrats, Mrs. Rosa
Falk, Detroit, and Joseph Arsu-
lowicz, Grand Rapids, accepted
the invitations, along with two
candidates for the Progressive
Party, Miss Ruby Sweetman, De-
troit; and Mrs. Georgina Fields,
Detroit.
Meanwhile, students prepared
Fto meet Regents candidates any-
way this week.
Connable will appear at a meet-
ing of the Young Republicans at
7:30 p.m. today, in Rm. 3A, of.
the Michigan Union.
He will discuss the Board, the
f coming elections, University af-
fairs and anything students may
ask him in a question and answer
session, according to Leonard Wil-
cox, '52, secretary.
Later, Mrs. Falk and Arsulowicz
will be introduced to students at
a coffee hour, 4 p.m. Thursday, in
the Terrace Room, of the Union,
sponsored by the Young Demo-
crats. Also appearing will be John
H. McCarthy, candidate for State
Highway Commissioner, and Har-
vey C. Whitzel and Dr. Connor D.
Smith, both candidates for the
Board of Agriculture.
As yet, Young Progressive offi-
cials have made no plans to bring
their candidates on campus. It
was explained that they were
counting on the Legislature's
Meet Your Candidates program.
Union Opera
To Play for
Packed House
Froggy Bottom' Is
Box Office Sell-Out
A sell-out crowd of 1827 will
witness the premiere performance
of Froggy Bottom when the cur-
tain goes up at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow
in the Michigan Theatre.
Tickets for all three perform-
ances were sold out at 5 p.m. yes-
terday, Bill Zerman, Opera Pro-
motions Chairman announced.

"CHANCES FOR AN extra per-
formance of Froggy Bottom are
pretty slm, Zerman said. "But
we're ,nvinced the Union Opera
is here to stay."
Revival of the opera climaxes
two years of planning, Zerman
remarked.
Dress rehearsal of the opera
will be held this morning, along
with rehearsal of the band. The
59 members of the cast began
rehearsal i.iore than a month
ago.
The Michigan Theatre has pro-
vided the use of their building at
cost to the opera, Zerman said.
ALUMNI GROUPS from Mich-
igan, Ohio and Illinois are ex-
pected to attend the opera.
Gov. G. Mennen Williams will
come to Ann Arbor for the
opening of the show tomorrow.
Ten searchlights will lend the
air of a big city premiere to the
show's first performance, Zer-.
man said.

The
Michigan Story
Transitional Years
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the fourth in a series of articles presenting
the highlights in the history of the University of Michigan).
BY ROBERT WHITE
Daily Associate Editor
As the start of the school year of 1863-64 at Michigan approached
a rather hapless figure found himself in the President's office.
Prof. Erastus Otis Haven-who had taught at the University
for four years-was appointed simultaneously with the controversial
dismissal of President Tappan. He immediately developed-and with
some justification-a mild persecution complex, which seems to have
followed him throughout his years in office.
* - * *
AS SOON AS HAVEN assumed the position, he was confronted
with scores of indignation rallies and an avalanche of mail over
rappan's abrupt departure. With admirable restraint, he quieted the
uproar by holding up the future of the University as the first essential
.onsideration of all concerned.
In orderly fashion, he presented student petitions for Tap-
pan's reinstatement to the Regents, who-after due consideration
-denied them: "It is not consistent with the best inerests of
he students," said the Board, "that petitions should be entertained
by this Board from students, with regard to the government of the
University . .""
We may probably credit President Haven for the subsequent1
Nigh enrollment at the University, and for the corresponding expan-
ion in facilities. It was at this time that the Regents prevailed upon
:he citizens of little Ann Arbor to raise funds for an addition to th
Medical Building. The villagers-in a typical demonstration of their
pride in the town's prime industry-provided the funds.
* * * *
PRESIDENT HAVEN instigated other improvements: in 1864
I course in mining engineering was offered; two years later the
University installed departments of mechanical engineering and of
pharmacy; there were further gains in library and museum facilities.
But in spite of the outwardly calm scene of progress, Haven
was soon involved in two disheartening controversies: the battle
over the introduction of Homeopathy in the medical department,
and the question of admitting women to the University.
The first issue appears to have arisen in the year 1867 when th
State Legislature offered to give the proceeds from a new property
ax to the University. But, there was a string attached: the schoo
would get the money only on the condition that the medical depart-
ment initiate a Professorship in Homeopathy.
HAVEN WAS INCENSED by the Legislature's apparent invasion
>f the Regents' authority. But the Regents, apparently more con-
cious of the money to be gained through cooperation with the State
ffered to locate a school of Homeopathy away from Ann Arbor.. Thi:
;:roposition was quickly vetoed by the State Supreme Court, and th
Jniversity went without the needed tax revenue in 1867-68.
From a modern vantage point, the Homeopathy issue seems
to have had no reasonable cause. Although the proponents of the
new theory had formed rather obnoxious "cults," their basic no-
tion of serum techniques has since been proven generally valid.
Fortunately, in 1868, Tappan persuaded the Legislature to advanc
the funds without the qualification, and the Homeopathy question wa:
tabled.
* * * *
TOWARD THE END OF THE SIXTIES, another problem was
thrown in the lap of Erastus Haven. Increasing public pressure brough
3 request from the Legislature that the University admit women
Actually, the by-laws of 1850 contained no specific ban on coeducation
but the very thought scandalized many on the University faculty. The
general opinion seems to have been that gross immorality in the
classroom would be the inevitable result of such liberality. Physiolo-
gists, for example, refused outright to even consider discussion of
their subject in mixed company.
In 1867, President Haven presented this majority view on the
question, and suggested a separate institution for women. The
following year, however, he reversed himself in a recommendation
to the Regents-under pressure, some say, from the Legislature.
But events were to prevent Haven from welcoming the first
Michigan coed in the year 1870. In June, 1869, he submitted hi
resignation. From start to finish, he had never been at peace ir.
the President's office.
HAVEN, WHO APPEARED later as the president of Northwestern
University, had been an adequate administrator, certainly-and his
term in office was marked by several notable improvements in the
University plant.
Meanwhile a somewhat frantic Board of Regents, after fail-
ing temporarily in its efforts to bring James Burrill Angell-a

noted Eastern educator-to Michigan, appointed as President Pro
Tempore, Henry Simmons Frieze, a professor of Latin in Ann
NArbor since 1854.
White-haired Prof. Frieze was a patient, sincere man whose great
love of music foreshadowed future developments in that field at
Michigan, and to be reflected later in the installation of the Frieze
Memorial Organ at Hill Auditorium. But because of his temporary
status as President, he hesitated to institute changes of a far-reaching
nature-preferring, instead. to deal with problems as they arose. In
this intent, he succeeded admirably.
* * * *
IN 1870, MISS MADELON STOCKWTLL-an honor student at a
vestigial remnant of the University's extension school in Kalamazoo
-decided she wanted to come to Michigan. Acting President Frieze
See MICHIGAN, Page 6
World News At A Glance

State Officials Studing hare
Of Cunt unds Embezzlement

Local Optionl
Rent Control
Splits Senate
Decentralization
Topic of IDeIEa to
WASHINGTON--1' -The Sen-
ate split down party lines last
night on the merits of a House-
ipproved plan to let states. coun-
ties or cities shrug off Federal rent
-ontrols whenever they like.
Republicans generally agrued in
.avor of the idea. Democrats said
the power to lift controls should
be given only to the states.
THE DISAGREEMEN came a
?resident Truman said lobbyists
ire trying to kill off controls en-
irely and his lieutenants prodded
.he Senate to act quickly.
The Senate opened debate on
a bill to continue controls for 12
to 15 months and allow some
rentals to increase 10 per cent
over a year's period.
Democratic leader Lucas of lii-
lois uged his colleagues to stick to
he subject. He said that unless
he Senate makes good progress,
ie will call night sessions starting
omorrow.
MR. TRUIAN, in an address to
he U.S. Conference of Mayors,
ad some harsh words for the "lo-
:al option" provision of the 15-
nonth extension the House had
3assed.
The President said the Real
Estate Lobby is in favortof such
a plan "not in order to strength-
en local authority, but in order{
to destroy rent control."
Opening Senate debate. May -
tank said it would be "most haz-
irdous and unwise" to scrap rent
2ontrols now. He said the banking
ommittee "couldn't honestly say
:at housing was or would be suf-
.iciently available for any class
autzside the luxury group before
text ;'ear."
* '* '
HE DEFENDED a provision of
he Senate bill which would per-
nit the individual states to take
)ver rent control programs if theyl
wish.
"It is my personal view and the
'iew of the majority of the com-
nittee that the states are in the
best position to judge whether
that state :equires rent control."
aaybank said.
Hoover Crou>
Propollses Add
TO Cabinet
A tenth cabinet member to han-
Ile welfare services and education
was urged today by the Hoover
Commission.
The new secreta ' would lead a
new depaitment taking over social
security. edacation and most ser-
ices now handled by the federal
security administrator. The de-
oartment would also embrace the
Indian Bureau.
IN A SEPARATE report, the
Hoover commission proposed that
Congress gather together the na-
tion's hospitals for veterans and
the military forces under one new
independeht agency.

Veterans' groups already have
assailed the idea. The commis-
sion wants a "united medical
administration" to take over the
government's $2,000,000,000 a
year- medical services of which
61 per cent is handled by the
Veterans Administration.
shar diiso whnthe comis-
sion. Only half the members un-
qualifiedly indorsed it.
PROF. JAMES K. Pollock, chair-
man of the University political
science department and a member
of the commission. indorsed the

Daily-Howe
SiGN OF SPRING-These students convinced their instructor that the best classroom on a day
like yesterday is the outdoors. Students who had to meet indoors hurried from their classrooms
to soda bars and taverns, trekked out to the Arboretum, pitched pennies and played baseball. Pro-
fessors reported a noticeable increase in the number of absentees.

DIFFIC L TIES SOLVED:
Chinese Students at L'
To Receive Food Loans

Birds, Buds,
Bees, Baseball
Here'sSpring!

Grand Jury
Iiivestigationl
Is Launched
Forgery Charged
To Ex-Trea surer
High state officials moved quick-
ly yesterday into the investigation
of alleged embezzlement of Wash-
tenaw County funds.
Attorney General Stephen J.
Roth said in Lansing that "it ap-
pears there are some state funds
involved."
MEANWHILE a one-man Grand
Jury investigation into the alleg-
ed embezzlement of documents
and funds in the county treas-
urer's office was launched today
by Circuit Judge James R. Brea-
key. Jr.
The Grand Jury probe was
requested yesterday by Washte-
naw County Prosecutor Douglas
Reading after several months
of investigation by his staff, the
sheriff's office and the newly
elected treasurer, William Ver-
At the same time. former treas-
urer Clyde D. Fleming, who serv-
ed from 1941 to 1948, was charged
in Municipal Court with forgery
of public records. Fleming waiv-
ed examination and was bound
over to Circuit Court by Judge
Francis O'Brien on a $10,000 bond.
* * *
SPECIFICALLY, Fleming was
accused of altering on Dec. 28,
1948, three days before he left
office, the 1946 tax rolls of Ypsi-
lanti with intent to defraud the
city, the county and the state.
On the state level Roth
charged that both law and ,
courtesy had been violated in
calling the grand jury without
consulting him. He said either
he or a member of his staff
would arrive here today.
The Democratic Attorney Gen-
eral also attacked Republican
Auditor General Murl K. Aten.
* * *
ROTH SAID Aten had secretly
advised calling the investigation.
Aten yesterday afternoon recheck-
ed the treasurer's books and stat-
ed that he was "completely satis-
fied" that his staff audited the
books correctly last fall.
Student Voice
Said To Affect
Staff Ratings
Student opinion plays an im-
portant part in the dismissal and
promotion of staff members, Prof.

',umner Gar ;

ArD

Food worries are over for the
University's more than 200 Chi-l
nese students.-
Loans to cover the cost of food
in residence halls will be granted
to "all Chinese students who are
in financial difficulties because
of exchange problems brought
about by the war in China," Rob-
ert P. Briggs. University vice pres-
ident announced yesterday.-
S *
THE PROGRAM will begin Fri-j
day and run for the remainder of
the semester.
Alternative plans for feeding
Chinese students were immed-
iately abandoned.
Panhel president Mary Stierer,
49Ed. and IFC president Bruce
Lockwood. '49E. agreed that 'if
the plan proves adequate." fra-
ternitic and sorotities would
drop pi esent plans to serve meals
TENTATIVE plans for a coop-
_rative dining room in Lane Hall,
under tie diection of DeWitt C..
Baldwin, Student Religious Asso-
ciation director. also gave wayl
to the University administration
loans.
Payment of the loans are ex-
pected to come from half a mil-
lion dollars in ECA funds
originally slated for the Chinese
governm'nt but later suspended.
Sen otsTo rder
Senloi an:nouncements may be
ordered from 1:30 to 4:30 p.m.
today and tom or at the Ad-
mnistraion BuCing. by students
of the architecture, music, liter-
ary and Pubhic Health schools.
A special booth for architecture
students w ho want booklets will
be open iromi 2 to 4 on Tuesday in
the lobby of the Architecture
building.

Immediate use of the funds has Birds on Wing Sing
been tied up by State Department
red tape, according to Esson M. Nature coopeiated with the cal-
Gale, Counselor to Foreign Stu- endaryestu erday to bring Ann Ar-
dents and Director of the Inter- bor its first day of spring, and the

national Center.
* *

*

PROCEDURE for Chinese stu-
dents will involve obtaining a re-
commendation from Dr. Gale,
which men take to Erich A. Wal-
ter. dean of students. and women
take to Mrs. Mary C. Biomage,
dean of women.
Assignment to a residence
hall dining room is then made
by Francis C. Shiel, business
manager of the residence halls.
Q tenille CGiven;
Vote Maroi in
French Election
PARIS- - -Parties supporting
Henri Queuille's middle-of-the-
road government won France's lo-
cal elections, but Gen. Charles De
Gaulle scored a personal success.
Final returns were issued by the
Interior Ministry last night.
THE SCORE in Sunday's vot-
ing. the ministry said, was:
For the parties in the govern-
nent-51.12 per cent of the
I ote.
For the government's bitter
opponents, the Communists and
De Gaullists-48.88 per -ent.
Neutral observers here said
Queuiile's moderate, pro-Ameri-
can government was strengthened
by the vote.
* *
THE RIGHT-WING De Gaull-
ists, however, won the largest pop-
ular vote of any single party in
the Cantonal -county elections-
25.34 per cent.

whole town turned out to welcome
it.
Like bees from a hive. thou-s
sands of Ann Arborites deserted
their dwellings to bask in the sun-
shine. buy ice-cream cones, play
baseball and take a good look at
such long-missing things as birds,
buds and growing grass.
* * *
YOU DIDN'T have to be an as-
tronomer to know it was spring.
Nature boys and girls trekked
along the Arboretum road, bent
on being among the first to enjoy
ihe big plot of outdoors.
Professors reported a notice-
able increase in the number of
empty seats, and many of the
students who did make it to
class struggled to stay awake,
they said.
Deserters from the ranks of lee-
ure seats found refuge in soda
bars and taverns, where they con-
sumed near-record quantities of;
ice-cream, cokes and beer.

N TE E Hayward Keniston dean of the
OVER IN THE East Quad, resi- College of Lii-er ature. Science and

dents gathered in groups for their
first rounds of their annual
spring-long penny pitching tour-
nament.
Most students reported anj
annual disinclination to study.
Libraries and study halls,
sparsely settled, gave evidence
of what had become an epidemic
case of spring fever.
And golfers--the eager variety-
hurried off for a little premature
practice on the Municipal Golf
Course, as yet unopened officially.
* * *
ONE COED reported she had
pei'frmed what had become for
her the first rite of spring. She
threw out the witer's accumula-
tion of unmended socks.

the Arts, told members of a Con-
ference on Higher Education at
the University yesterday.
Sponsored by the Michigan Col-
lege Association and the State De-
partment of Instruction, the an-
nual conference considered vari-
ous aspects of college education.
S *
ACADEMIC counseling is in-
adequate, according to a group of
students who participated in the
meeting. "It is spotty, and the
student is not encouraged to meet
with his counselor," they said .
The students also felt that
some freshman and sophomore
courses were given primarily to
"weed out" students, and that
many were just time consum-
ing.
They favored frequent examina-
tions. The present system," they
said, 'puts too much emphasis on
periodic examinations and en-
courages cramming and cheating."
"The instructor can also instill
confidence in the student by giv-
Sing hi thebenefit of mature
judgment," they said.
They said that instructors could
give added assistance to students
if they woulducomment more
wen handing out exam grades.
Two Days Left for

SARTRE'S PHILOSOPHY:
Professor Explains Existens ionalism

By The Associated Press
OWOSSO - Operating emplayes of the Ann Arbor Railroad
have staged their first picketing since a strike began last week.
The pickets took up positions to the junction point of the Ann
Arbor, New ork Central and Grand Trunk Western. They seek to stop
the Grand Trunk from using 21 miles of Ann Arbor track between

A vastly important role in the
development of French tastes and
or sierity has been en-
acte byJean Paul Sartre and:his
existensionalistic philosophy, ac-
cording to a Frenchman who knew
the author well.
Speaking yesterday to an audi-?

world can man, originally a mis-
erable creature, hope to developl
his caracter ands ultmael real-
ize hislie purpose," Prof . Er-
hard said.
German and French theorists,
including Platon, St. Augustin and'
especially Nizon, author of "La

Berlin'. He developed them by
talking to miserable citizens of
the lower German class," he
added.
Although Sartre's accent was on
man's absurdity, he exhibited a
true optimism concerning the final
good of humans, he said.

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