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March 19, 1949 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-03-19

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BLOC

VOTING
See, Page 4

Y

LatetDeainigan
Latest Deadline in the State

11ai4

CONTINUED COLD

VOL. LIX, No. 119 - ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

The'
Michigan Story
ThroughEarly Years,
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second in a series of articles presenting
the highlights in the history of the University of Michigan.
By ROBERT WHITE
Daily Associate Editor
In the years immediately following 1800-when Detroit was no
more than a tiny French-Indian fur trading village-three men sur-
veyed the wilderness of illiteracy that surrounded them.;
One of them was a French missionary priest, Father Gabriel
Richard. He had come to Detroit in 1898, and had quickly realized
the urgent need for educational facilities in the Michigan territory.
e* * * *
IN THE SECOND DECADE of the century, a newly ordained
Presbyterian clergyman-Rev. John Monteith-also took up residence
in Detroit. He became a fast friend of the older priest and completed
the partnership that was to make real a long-standing dream of
education.
Another important figure was territorial justice Augustus
B. Woodward, a student of the educational philosophy of Thomas
Jefferson, who was to prove of great assistance in designing an
academic program.
From the beginning, the Catholic and the Protestant conceived
a means of secular education for the people-in spite of the general
trend in the early United States toward schools of private endowment
or church affiliation.
FINALLY, ON AUGUST 26, 1817, the territorial government
chartered a tiny "cracker box" academy-its first name, Catholepis-
temiad, reflecting the pedantic influence of Judge Woodward.
The judge also insisted on including the study of cathole-
pistemia, or universal science, in the academy's program.
Other subjects offered in the beginning were literature, mathe-
matics, natural science, astronomy, chemistry, medical science, and
intellectual science. This program, comparatively sound for its day,
was sgon supplemented with the establishment of primary schools at
three other territorial settlements.
* *k . * *
AT THE OUTSET, the two clergymen constituted the entire
faculty-Rev. Monteith receiving a salary of $25 annually in the
office of president, and Father Richard instructing in all seven
courses for $18.75 per year.
In 1821, the institution was more handily named the
University of Michigan-and immediately beset with financial
dark days.
Newly-acquired faculty members were warned that they would
continue teaching at their own risk, and the Board of Trustees was
compelled to rent part of the University's only building to the infant
Detroit Board of Education.
* * * *
IT IS INTERESTING to note that the institution partially owed
its continued existence, oddly enough, to the generosity of certain
Indian tribes of the region. They had been prompted at an earlier
date-apparently out of genuine interest in the white man's intellec-
tual progress-to specifically relinquish certain land to the two clergy-
men. More than a century afterward, the University was to express
its gratitude for the significant but unexpected favor: in 1832, the
Regents established five scholarships for deserving individuals of
Indian descent.
When, with the passing of years, the Michigan territory's
populatio had rocketed to 100,000 and statehood had been
achieved, the Legislature passed the historic act of March 18,
1837. The first American university to be governed by a popularly
elected board of regents had come into official being.
Meanwhile-as the need for a large, permanent home for the
University became apparent-various Michigan communities began
offering plots of land. Finally, it -was the vigorous and picturesque
little village of Ann Arbor that was selected.
* * * *
ALTHOUGH THE EXISTENCE of the University had been made
official in 1837, it was not until 1841 that its doors were first opened
to students.
By that time, the still-surviving Mason Hall and four faculty
residences had been erected on the expansive forty acre plot. Of
the four residences, only one has not been displaced-the Presi-
dent's House of today. -
Finally, preparations were complete, and in the fall of 1841 a
faculty of two-a Presbyterian and an Episcopalian-greeted an
enrollment of six students.

CEDWrites
Constitution
TellsAirms
Bias on Campus
Target of Group
A constitution was drawn up
and approved by the Committee
to End Discrimination at its meet-
ing yesterday in the League.
The Committee, functioning as
a sub-committee of Inter-Racial
Association pending recognition
by the Student Affairs Committee,
stated as basic aims "the coordi-
nation, integration and initiation
of action against discrimination
on campus."~
FURTHER investigation of the
state bill to end discrimination in
Michigan schools was approved
by the committee,
The group plans to contact
variousgcivicaand religious
groups throughout the state as
well as clubs on other Mich-
igan campuses to find out their
opinion of the measure.
(The proposed bill is similar to
New York's Fair Employment
Practices. It has been referred to
the Senate Committee on Educa-
tion for further study.)
* , * *
ALPHA PHI ALPHA is the lat-
est organization to join the com-
mittee, which now includes thir-
teen campus groups.
Others, alphabetically, are
American Veterans' Committee,
Association of Independent Men,1
Inter-Cooperative Council, Inter-
Guild.
Inter-Racial Association, Jor-
dan Hall, New Women's Dorm,
Students for Democratic Action,
Young Democrats, Young Pro-
gressives of America.
Represented at the meeting but
not yet officially members of the
committee were Hillel, Betsy Bar-
bour and Mosher Hall.
Truman Sees
Success for
His 'Fair Deal.'
KEY WEST, Fla.-(P)-Presi-
dent Truman held out an olive
branch today to a Congress in re-
volt against much of his program.
He referred to Southern oppo-
nents as Dixiecrats and said they
were not good Democrats, but even
for this group he held out some
hope. And, after deliberation, he
professed the conviction his "Fair
Deal" proposals will win final ap-
proval despite a series of rever-
sals.
HE PUT IT this way: "I think
we are going to accomplish the
program."
Mr. Truman, meeting correspon-
dents on the tree-shaded lawn of
his winter White House on this
naval submarine station, did not
pretend he was happy about the
filibuster, the House-passed "local
option" rent control bill, or the
tabling of Mon C. Wallgren's nom-
ination as chairman of the Na-
tional Security Resources Board.
But he isn't ready for an all-out
fight yet. That much was made
clear.
The Presidenthsaid his legisla-
tion was in the hands of a three-
party Congress. He identified the
parties as Republican, Democrat
and Dixiecrat. Asked if he thought

Dixiecrats were not good Demo-
crats, he didn't hesitate.
Of course, they are not, Mr. Tru-
man asserted.
Rush Planis for
Chinese Co-Op
Dining Room
With' forty Chinese students
suffering extreme financial hard-
ships, plans for a cooperative Chi-
nese dining room are scheduled to
m'ove ahead at a special meeting
Today.
Community, faculty and student
leaders will rush to complete plans
for a Lane Hall co-op dining room
which would serve nutricious, in-
xpensive oriental style meals to
needy Chinese students. Substan-
ial financial contributions to-
wards it have already been made.
CHINA'S FINANCIAL break-
Anwn is n f +h, -1' hf no

Atlantic Pact Terms Announced

Southerners
Club Leaders
Drop Request.....
For Sanction
Resign Positions,
Cite Bad Rumors
The two sponsors of the South-
erners' Club withdrew their peti-
tion for recognition yesterday,.
charging there had been "deliber-
ate efforts to misrepresent the
purpose of the organization."
In a jont statement which also-*
announced their resignations as
temporary officers, Joseph Ep-.
stein, '52, and Ann Cotton, '52,
said: "It seems that instead of<
promoting better understanddng
there has been a great deal of LITERARY CROWD-Pictured
misunderstanding." members who made purchases
* **crowd was so large that many
THEY REFERRED to "rumors 100 had to be turned away. E
stating the club consists of a
group of young radicals, that one
of its prime aims was to promote CAMPUS FINDS
intermarriage, and numerous
other distortions of fact."
A third officer, Paul M- Library Ja
Gough, upon learning of the
two officers' actions, said that
he was undecided about resign- By ROMA LIPSKY
ing his position as secretary- More than 500 students and fac
treasurer. There was some talk ulty members jammed the base
among other members of con- ment of the library and carrie
tinuing the club, off about 5,000 second-hand book
yesterday leaving librarian
Miss Cotton and Epstein heard amazed at the large turn out.
the reports after their second or- At least another 100 peopl
ganizational meeting which was were turned away when the door
attended by approximately 40 stu- were closed at 4:30 p.m. But the;
dents, including 14 Negroes. will be given another crack a
the collection from 1to 5 p.mr
IT WAS AT THIS meeting that today.
Epstein was elected temporary * * *
president, Miss Cotton, vice-pres- LIBRARIANS declared t h a
ident, and McGough, secretary- they had "never expected such;
treasurer. tremendous response" to the an
"We were well pleased with nouncement of the sale of book
the results of this meeting," from duplicate collections.
Epstein said. Miss Cotton add- "But we. are gratified to see
ed: "A spirit of harmony seemed students line up to buy books
to prevail and we were hopeful in the same way that they do
that the club would be success-
ful in its broad purpose of pro- *
moting understanding." etl1lons
But as stories appeared in south-Available r
ern papers, they were "deluged
with inquiries from all paIrts of
the country," most of them "based All Candidates
upon misinformation." In the face
of increasing furor, they decided
to reconsider their plans for the Petitions for Student Legisla
club. Lure candidates and student

Withdraw

Petition

1
1
1
1
1
f

Daily-Barth
above are just a few of the more than 500 students and faculty
s at the main library's sale of second-hand books yesterday. The
waited an hour before getting into the basement corridor, and about
Books will be on sale again from 1 to 5 p.m. today.

Treaty, Calls
For Defense
With Arms
fledge 20 Year
Aid for Allies
WASHINGTON-(,)-The At-
lantic powers today unveiled
their historic treaty to checkmate
aggression, by arms if need
be, and Secretary of State Ache-
son warned that control of Europe
by an "unfriendly" power would
be an intolerable threat to the
United States.
The proposed treaty would draw
a defensive ring around a vast
territory, from Norway's Arctic
border, through the heart' of Eu-
rope, down to the Mediterranean
and across the Atlantic Ocean to
take in all of North America.
AS SET FORTH in the text of
the projected 20-year alliance,
each member nation would be
pledged to come to the aid of an
attacked signatory nations with
such assistance "as it deems nec-
essary, including the use of armed
force."
Acheson made clear he thinks
that if the Soviet Union sought
to expand farther westward
through use of force, such action
automatically would set off
quick retaliatory moves by the
United States and other members
of the proposed alliance.
Control of Europe "by a single,
aggressive unfriendly power
would be an "intolerable threat to
the national secuity of the United
States," he said.
* * *

BARGAIN:

_'

trnmed During Book-Sale

C-
~-
d
ks
is
ale
ey
at
n.
a
r-
ks
s
a-
ts

* *

*

*

* *

AT THE SAME TIME, the financial status of the institution had
again grown precarious, and the Regents were forced to close the early
extension schools. Only a loan of $100,000 from the state appears to
have saved the day.
By 1850, the picture began to look brighter. Enrollment had
risen to 159 and a second academic building, identical with Mason
Hall, was erected--a structure which survives today as the South
Wing of Univcrsity Hall. The first Medical Building had been
completed in 1848.
It was a "spartan" life led by the University's first students--
carrying wood from an off-campus pile, tending their own quarters
in the Mason Hall dormitory, and securing meals from cooperative
townsfolk. Their financial rigors, however, appear to have been less
See MICHIGAN, Page 2
Cabinet Post To Control Basic
Resources Favored by Pollock

"WE HAVE discovered that
some of the people who attended3
the Tuesday organizational meet-E
ing were not even Southerners
and some did not give their names.
It appears to us as though sub-
versive influences were deliberate-
ly introduced to create discord
and cause adverse publicity."
However, they later added:
"The reference to subversive in-
fluences by no means applies to
any person who was present at
the meeting."
The club was first organized two
weeks ago with the purpose of
maintaining "social and cultural
contact between all University of i
Michigan students who consider
themselves as Southerners,' andt
defining eligibility as residence,1
past or present, below the Mason-I
Dixon line.
In their prepared statement ofI
withdrawal, the two original or-I
ganizers said:
"We wish to deny categorically
the many implications which have
been made. Aims of the club were'
not political, or revolutionary and
the original sponsors are not a
group of young radicals. The club
See SOUTHERNERS, Page 2
Travelers To
Plan Projects
Campus travelers will get to-
gether to exchange information
and pass it on to others at a party
at 8:30 today at Lane Hall.

running for wclass offices will be
available from 10 to 12 a.m. today,
-t the Elections Petitions window,
Administration building.
Included are blanks for all pros-
pective officers of the Engineering
School sophomore, junior and sen-
ior classes and the literary college
senior class.
* * *
THE PETITIONS will also be
available from 3 to 4:30 p.m. Mon-
Jay and Tuesday, according to
Duane Nuechterlein, '50BAd., SL
slections committee chairman.
The window will reopen
March 28 and 29 for students to
return filled out petitions.
Students interested in running
for Union vice president posts
from the engineering college, ar-
chitecture college, literary college,
Medical School, Law School, den-
tal school or music school must
write to the nominating commit-
tee of the Union Board of' Direc-
tors.
A larger number of students are
expected to run for offices this se-
mester than ever before, according
to a SL representative.
Increased student interest and
awareness of campus activities is
given as the reason for the in-
crease.

to see a basketball game," Rol- cludes
land Stewart, chief bibliograph- Math
er of the University library, entists
said. found
Many of the books on sale are
selling for as little as ten cents. CUS
* * * enthus
THE LIBRARY is able to set though
the prices very low because it is than
more advantageous to sell books store-
directly to the customers than to well w
pack and ship them to dealers, Sev
Prof. Warner Rice, director of the with
University Library explained, and
"We think members of the chase
University should profit by our sent
need to dispose of duplicate edi- Des
tions," he added.-therex
The collection on sale ranges and s
from old books on 16th century gains
music to Who's Who, and in- said.
World News
Round-Up
By The Associated Press P1
WASHINGTON - Gerald D.
Morgan, a Washington lawyer who
helped phrase theTaft-Hartley
Act, testified yesterday he was CO
paid $7,500 for it by the Republi- Bosto
can National Committee. meet
* * *
WASHINGTON-A Senate com- game
mittee recommended yesterday tourn
that the government grant $300,- crown
000,000 a year to help the states B.C
run schools and another $35,000,- overt
000 to check up on school chil-
dren's health. to ear
The twin bills were approved John
unanimously by the Senate Labor for t.
and Public Welfare Committee. first
WASHINGTON - Creation of TH
a sky-sweeping radar network ed th
as the basic element in the in th
United States' defense against Harrh
enemy planes was approved by Tiger
the Senate yesterday without later
debate. Milo
* * * Mu
NANKING-A rash of rebellions of th
in South China alarmed the Na- put t
tionalist Government yesterday. At 3
* * * move
RHODES -UN Mediator and h
Ralph J. Bunche said yesterday Colleg
he expects an armistice between throu
Israel and Lebanon to be signed temp
"in a couple of days." Negotia- in th
tions have been going on in Pal- Mi
estine since March 1. conso

many foreign editions.
ematicians, philosophers, sci-
s and literary minds all
volumes to suit their tastes.
* * *
STOMERS were unanimously
siastic about the sale. Al-
h some had to wait more
an hour to get into the
rooms, they declared it was
worth the time.
veral graduate students left,
cartons filled to the top,
one geology major pur-
ed 14 French books to pre-
to his French fiancee.
pite yesterday's large sale,
are still plenty of books left,
tudents will find many bar-
among them, Prof. Rice
Pucksters
at Colorado,
ay in Finals
By HERB RUSKIN
(Special to The Daily)
)LORADO SPRINGS, Coo.-
n College and Dartmouth
here tonight in the final
of the 1949 NCAA hockey
ament, with the national
n on the block.
coasted to an easy 8-3 win
Colorado College last night
rn a crack at the title. It was
Mulhern who paved the way
he Eagles' victory with the
"hat trick" of the tourney.
* * *
E BEAN TOWN sextet open-
.e evening's scoring mid-way
he first period on Francis
,ngton's. long blast, but the
s tied it up a few minutes
on the first of two goals by
Yalich.
ilhern notched his first tally
e game later in the period to
he Boston sextet one goal up.
:1 of the middle frame, he
d the Eagles into a 3-1 lead
rom then on it was all Boston
ge, though Yalich came
ugh with his second score to
orarily put the Tigers back
.e contest.
chigan meets Colorado in a
lation match this afternoon.

AS THE Secretary of State set
forth the basic principles designed
to guide this and other nations
toward universal peace, the Voice
of America was beaming to Rus-
sia and other countries around the
world these other developments:
1. The Italian Chamber of
Deputies in a riotous session
voted two to one for Italy's ad-
herence to the Atlantic defense
system. Communist-led mem-
bers previously had staged a
53-hour filibuster against the
action which set off new demon-
strations after the vote was tak-
en. The Italian Senate has yet
to consider the treaty.
2. Members of the U.S. Senate
generally expressed approval of
the compact's aims, although some
took exception to the provision
under which the United States
might be called on to use its mili-
tary forces in helping a member
nation under attack.
* * *
CHAIRMAN CONNALLY (Dem.,
Tex.) said his Senate Foreign Re-
lations Committee will open hear-
ings on the treaty just as soon as
it is put up for consideration. He
termed the accord an "instrument
of great moral power" directed
"only against aggression."
3. Leaders of the Western Eu-
ropean member states hailed the
alliance as a great stride toward
security on that war devastated
continent.
Local Student

HIS WORLD-WIDE radio ad-
dress followed 12 hours after re-
lease of the text of the treaty. Be-
fore the agreement can go into ef-
fect it must be approved by the
Senate and the governments of
the six other nations which drew
up the document.
Acheson branded as a "lie"
Russian charges that the alli-
ance is aggressive.
He said:
"This country is not planning
to make war against anyone.-It
is not seeking war.-It abhors
war.-It does not hold war to be
inevitable."

I

Prof. James K. Pollock, chair-
man of the political science de-
partment and a member of the
Hoover Commission on govern-
ment reorganization, said he fell.
that a new Department of Natural
Resources should be set up to han-
dle all conservation plans.
Secretary of State Dean Ache-
son and Commissioner James
Rowe, Jr., also believe a separate

only minerals but land manage-
ment and water resources should
be included in this new depart-
ment.
* * *
COMPETING PARTS of the
government often utlize the same
resources, he said.
"A single department would
help coordinate these agencies."

A VC GROUP ACTS ON REPORTS:
President Invited To Start Tour Here

>--

Harry Truman will launch a
nationwide speaking campaign in
the Michigan Stadium if a deter-

"...Before the Fair Deal
Goes down the drain
For God's sake, Harry,

gan Stadium by the President
might well be the opening kick-
off in a nationwide camnaign by

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