THE MIC1HIGAN DAILY
For Better Health
Q tor;a Wore
A LTHIOUGli the Southern drawl has put
at least a temporary end to the Truman
Civil Rights program, pro-Administration
legislators are far from giving up on other
measures which face similar difficulties
when they comei up before Congress.
One of these, of course, is the national
health insurance plan which will be bitterly
and desperately fought by the AMA as well
as by a healthy bloc of old guarders.
Probably the most vocal opponent of the
program is Ohio's Senator Taft who, with
colleague Alexander Smith from New Jer-
sey summed up the arguments against
the bill in a recent radio debate with the
consistently liberal Representatives An-
drew J. Biemiller (Wisconsin) and John
D. Dingell (Michigan).
THE DEBATE settled nothing, but it did
make one point clear. The opponents of
the measure have only one objection. The
pervading fear of socialism which has al-
ways slowed down the passage of all social
legislation is still the only real basis for
opposing the measure-however disguised by
Sen. Taft with his usual bluntness, came
right out and claimed the bill was tanta-
mount to nationalizing the medical pro-
fession and would lead the nation into so-
cialism. A simple reading of the proposed
measure shows otherwise. It provides,
briefly, for a three per cent payroll tax-
half from employer and half from em-
ploye which will be insurance for medical
care whenever and for whomever it is
needed. Local units will have administra-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: FRAN IVICK
tive autonomy; there will be no so-called
"regimentation" forcing patients to see
certain doctors and vice-versa. As Con-
gressman Bliemiller put it, the bill simply
provides for "small periodic payments for
individual medical care."
Sen. Smith's objections to the bill were
not so direct as those of the Ohio senator's.
The "inevitable government inefficiency"
seemed to be the core of his argument, al-
though he too seemed to fear the bill would
cause a breakdown in the federal system
when he declared that the bill must not be
passed lest we cannot save "the heritage of
The Senator's objections to a federal
health bureau on the basis of wastefulness
brought a pointed counter from Rep. Bie-
miller, who wondered if perhaps the Sen-
ator would like to see all schools returned
to private administration for the same
reason. After some hesitation, the Senator
decided he wouldn't do it, but he thought
it might be cheaper, at that.
THE PLAN TAFT and his supporters are
backing only provides further aid to vol-
untary health groups now in existence. As
the Truman measure proponents point out,
the healthy do not join these organizations
and costs therefore rise to prohibitive levels,
leaving the average worker caught short
when he needs medical care.
The substitute plan is only a weak attempt
of legislators who are blinded by an un-
founded fear, who still shudder at the word
socialism, to provide themselves with a
Compulsory insurance is the only effective
method of carrying adequate medical care
to the millions who even the AMA admits
cannot meet medical costs, and the unneces-
sary. actually stupid blocks to its passage
are the best and quickest ways to kill the
democracy for which Senator Taft and col-
leagues have so much love.
Editor's Note is written by
Need A Job?
tN THE LETTERS COLUMN yesterday, an
old friend of The Daily asked reassurance
as to this paper's purposes.iHe raised the
question in connection with The Daily's
omission last week of two stories cocerning
the new Committee to End Discrimination.
The questions he raised are not easily an-
swered, because they involve the whole con-
ception of a newspaper, and that of a stu-
dent newspaper in particular.
I would like to make at clear right now
that stories are played in The Daily ac-
cording to their "news value." That vague
term encompasses the number of people
who will be affected, and/or interested,
and the impact of the news, immediate or
Of course, the human element cannot be
entirely avoided: slight differences in news
play result from shadings in personal evalu-
ation of the news. But anyone handling
news at The Daily is forced to adhere to an
absolute code of truth and accuracy, which
bars opinion or bias from the news column.
AS A.CAMPUS NEWSPAPER at a great
uiversity, in a democracy, the purposes
of The Daily necessarily are different from
those of the average metropolitan paper.
We do not cater to the interests of adver-
tisers, nor are we engaged in a circulation
race, necessitating sensationalism or other
Our campus situation is also reflected
not only in the importance given to stories
of campus life and academic subjects, but
in our presenting a variety of ideas and
championing democratic causes.
A university is a place where minds meet,
where all opinions are weighted according
to their merit, and The Daily. as the stu-
dent newspaper also believes in providing a
variety of ideas to its readers. The editorial
page is open to any member of The Daily
staff. And our policy of playing news pre-
eludes suppressing any news merely because
it presents "unpopular" views.
Members of The Daily staff also believe
that a newspaper cannot merely be a
passive reflector, but that staff members
must actively champion what they-con-
sider important causes. Sometimes these
causes concern student rights, academic
freedom, education programs-all vital
problems in a university community.
But many of us also take seriously our
function as a free paper in a democracy.
And so we believe that important.causes in-
clude championing individual freedom of
opportunity without restrictions because of
race, creed or color, and stumping for the
rights of all men to freedom of speech and
thought. We further believe in aiding those
who sincerely and rationally proceed to de-
fend those rights.
Many people do not agree that The Daily
staff should in any way doff objective
robes to support such principles. But it is
crystal clear to e that no one can be a
true advocate of democracy unless he
utilizes his abilities and resources to make
its basic principles effective.
It is also clear to me that it would be
appalling and dispiriting if the young peo-
ple in American centers of learning did not
vigorously uphold these democratic ideas.
1 DO NOT KNOW whether the above state-
ments have provided our friend with re-
assurance. I meant, by the way, to explain
at the outset that the CED stories were
omitted by one of those embarrassing red
tape Daily errors. However, the larger ques-
tion of The Daily's purposes seemed much
more important and worthy of discussion.
We of The Daily do not always succeed in
following the principles outlined above. But
this is notice to all our readers that they
form the basis of action for the majority
of The Daily staff.
K h il I1T '1 hIRW~W
~ iii 'ilIw... JI
Letters to the Editor-
"Good Itea vens--That's Socialism or Something!"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
SPYING IS APPARENTLY becoming one
of the more popular professions. Few'
qualifications are needed, there are good op-
portunities for advancement and travel.
Working conditions are good (lots of cock-
tail parties), and so is the pay,-usually. And
you can get plenty of publicity without ever
hiring a press agent.
The prospect of a coining depression
need not scare anybody off, Economic and
political crises tend only to broaden the
field. Pretty soon we shall be nominating
agents for spy-of-the-year, and the radio
will feature spy-ring-of-the-week broad-
We don't know too much about the table
i of organization of a spy ring (functional
unit; spy net is bigger, intelligence service
still bigger and more formal), but it seems
that a master spy just about corresponds
to a lieutenant colonel. And from there, the
ranks go down to apprentice spy, or private
On the distaff side, any girl under fifty
with a full year's supply of peroxide can
become a spy queen. Lesser ranks run
from mystery women to seductress, third
class. Spies are usually easy to identify,
because they are camouflaged to look
like other people.
See that man over: at the third table?
Well, he is an espionage agent for some
power, any power. How do we know? We
know because we say so. We have charged
him with being a spy.
MATTER OF FACT:
After the Pact.
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
Publication in this column. Sub1ject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signiature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory characteror such letters which
for any other reason are niot in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
To the Editor:
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
W ASHIN TON-The Atlantic Pact's last
dot and comma are now in place. But
work has not been completed on the Atlantic
Pact's Siamese twin, the measure to give
the pact meaning by helping Western Eu-
rope to rearm. Major decisions, including
final estimates of the first year's cost, re-
main to be taken, and must be taken very
shortly. However, the main outlines of the
rearmament program are now emerging, as
a result of endless, hurried conferences in
the State Department, the Pentagon and
General Montgomery's Western Union staff
headquarters in Paris.
If-and it is a much bigger if than most
people realize-the Congress approves the
program, it will consist of two main
phases. The first phase is to be completed
during the first year after Congress ap-
propriates the necesrary money for the
This phase is designed to assure the in-
ternal security of the Western European
countries. To this end, twelve existing divi-
sions will be re-equipped with modern arma-
ments, including tanks, armored cars, ar-
tillery, and above all good transport. These
existing divisions are now so poorly equipped
that they do not provide complete security
against Communist disorders, especially
since the Communists are known to have
very large stocks of hidden arms.
When these divisions are rearmed, and
internal security assured, the second phase
will begin, at the start of the second year.
This phase, designed to provide external
security, will be much more difficult than
the first. The aim is to provide sufficient
military force so that in case of war most
or all of Western Europe could be denied
to the Red Army.
There is one question which has not been
answered. How great a force is needed to
take, and stop, the initial assault of the
Red Army in case of war? The strategic
planners in the Pentagon and on General
Montgomery's staff in Paris are wrestling
with this problem, and have yet to agree on
The question cannot be answered, ofI
course, merely in terms of numbers of di-
visions. All are agreed that the Westernj
European force, of however many divi-
sions, must consist of elite troops, and
must be superbly equipped, with much ar-
mor and artillery, a big armored reserve,
and above all unquestioned tactical air
superiority, if it is to hold the vast Red
Army until help can arrive. Given such
troops and equipment, there is some opin-
ion that even at the end of the second
year, with twenty superior divisions, much,
of Western Europe could be held in case
It is important to understand the nature
of the job to be done. By no stretch of the
imagination can the program outlined above
be considered a preparation for aggression
against the Soviet Union. No one can be
sure whether twenty, or thirty, or forty
divisions could hold the immense Red Army
temporarily at bay in case of war. But
even forty divisions could not conceivably
drive through five hundred divisions of the
Red Army to Moscow and beyond.
Instead, the intention is to provide, first,
that sense of security which Western Eu-
rope now disastrously lacks, and second,
some form of insurance against the day
when the Soviet physicists invent their
atom bomb. That day will surely come,
probably by 1952, according to the best
(Continued from ?age 3)
cants for degrees and who have
not previously taken this test or
the Graduate Record Examination,
must also be present.
Students planning to take the
examination must buy a $2.00 fee
ticket at the Cashier's office be-
fore going to the examination.
Veterans should report to the
Graduate School offices before go-
ing to the Cashier's office for the
fee ticket so that a requisition
form may be signed.
Admission to the examination
will be restricted to those holding
examination receipts. Completion
of the Graduate Aptitude Test (or
the Graduate Record Examina-
tion) is a prerequisite for the mas-
ter's degree and for admission to
candidacy for the doctorate.
Alpha Chapter of Sigma Alpha
Iota will present a program of
contemporary American music at
8 p.m., Wed., March 16. Hussey
Room, Michigan League. The par-
ticipating students will be Louise
Steele, flutist. John Beck. bas-
soonist, Charlotte Boehm, soprano,
Joan Bullen, cellist, Patricia
Pierce, pianist, and Carol Neilson,
Research Club: 8 p.m., Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. Papers: "Re-
search on the Conference Process,"
Prof. D. G. Marquis, "The Birds of
Michigan," Prof. Josselyn Van
Motion Piictures, auspices of the
Audio-Visual Education Center,
"Geography and Travel": Alaska,
the Story of a Frontier; People of
Chile. 4:10 p.m., Kellogg Audito-
house Directors Institute:
Meeting for staff members in
Women's Residence Halls, League
Houses and Sororities, 9:30 to
11:30 a.m., Michigan League. Sub-
ject: "Staff Relations and Re-
sources." Speakers: Alice C. Lloyd.
Dean of Women, Mary C. Brom-
age, Associate Dean of Women,
Elsie R. Fuller. Assistant Dean of
Women, and Ethel A. McCormick,
Social Director of Women.
"ac'ulty Women's Club: Mrs. G.
Mennon Williams will be the guest
of honor of the Faculty Women's
Club at their spring tea this after-
noon from 3-5 p.m.
United Nations Council for Stu-
dents: Coffee Hour, 4 p.m., Tea
Room. Michigan League. Informal
discussion of travel and study op-
A.S.M.E.: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Architecture Amphitheatre. Prof.
C. T. Olmsted of the engineering
school will lecture on the subject
of licensing of engineers.
P'rofessional Meeting: Spun-
sored by Delta Sigma Pi. Dr. Ed-
ward N. Tisdale, Director of Ad-
vertising Research with Ross Roy,
Inc., Detroit. will discuss oppor-
tunities in the field of Advertising,
8 p.m., 130 Business Administra-
tion Bldg. Open meeting.
American Society of Civil Engi-
neers: Student chapter will meet
at 7:30 p.m.. Rm. 3-S, Michigan
Union. Speaker, Mr. John M. Hep-
leir, director of the Bureau of En-
gineering, Michigan Department
of Health. Topic: "The Place of
the Sanitary Engineer in Public
Life." Report by the honor sys-
tem investigating committee.
English Journal Club: 8 p.m.,
East Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg. "A Critique of the Graduate
Program in English," by Mr. Ed-
Modern Poetry Club: Meeting,
under leadership of Mr. Pearce,
7:30 p.m., 3217 Angell Hall. Dis-
cussion of T. S. Eliot's "East
19th District Association of In-
dependent Men: Meeting, Rm. 3C
Michigan Union, 7:30 p.m.
U. of M. Sailing Club: Shore
school for new members, 7 p.m.,
:311 W. Engineering Bldg.
Ullr Ski Club: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., 3KLM, Michigan Union.
Slides on Aspen to be shown.
Flying Club: Open meeting, 7:30
p.m., 1042 E. Engineering Bldg.
Board meeting, 7 p.m.
Toledo Club: 7:30 p.m., Rehearsal
Room, Women's League. Election
of officers. A spring social pro-
gram will be planned.
Coed Folk and Square Dancing
Club: 7:30 p.m., W.A.B. Bring
"The Strategy of Better Race
Relations": Discussion led by John
Feild, of Detroit Mayor's Inter-
racial Commititee, 8 p.m., Michi-.
gan League. Business meeting for
ADA members, 7:30 p.m.
In a recent editorial Misses
Misner and Stein defend the Uni-
versity Lecture Committee's action
in refusing - to permit James Za-
richny to speak on the campus.
They endorsed the committee's
action by agreeing that "in the
usual sense of the word" Zarich-
ny's talk would not have served
the "educational interests" of the
academic community. Unfortun-
ately, they do not deign to define
the "usual sense of the word," all
of which raises the important
question of the extent to which
acquiring a university degree
handicaps one's efforts to get an
I do not have the space to refute
the ladies' many equivocations
and tortuous logic. Their basic
attitude, however, is revealed when
they say, " . . . Zarichny's appear-
ance on campus would only serve
as a restatement of his case. Is
such a statement advisable or
Alas, why stir up things? Why
worry about Zarichny?
That he is being deprived of his
education does not concern these
young ladies; nor does it concern
them much that Zarichny is a
veteran of three year's service,
having, in a small way perhaps,
helped to insure these young la-
dies their right to a higher edu-
cation, to hold freely what politi-
cal beliefs they may have, and to
write as they please in their col-
lege newspaper. It is these free-
doms, for which Zarichny and I
and others fought and some died,
that these ladies sell so cheaply.
Do they want these freedoms,
might well be asked. Unfortun-
ately, they do not see that in sup-
porting Zarichny's right to speak
at M.U. and that he be reinstated
at M.S.C. they are not merely re-
paying the debt they owe him but
are defending these same freedoms
Until Jimmy Zarichny is per-
mitted to speak at M.U. and we
are permitted to listen to him if
we so desire, you and I are being
deprived of our freedom of speech,
of inquiry, and of education.
S * *
To the Editor:
A FEW OF US "fight for what
we believe in," in the words of
the incomparable David W. Peter-
son. And because that in which
we believe is not commonly ac-
cepted, we are condemned, con-
demned by the Petersons in our
midst. No longer, it seems, is in-
tellect to be free; no longer may
the individuals make a decision
for himself; no longer will dif-
ference of opinion be tolerated.
Not, at least, by the David W.
The founders of this land
fought for what they believed in,
Michigan Acturial Club: Profes-
sor Carver is giving a series of 5
lectures on Casualty Insurance.
3:30 p.m., Monday, Wednesday,
and Friday, 202 South Wing. Open
Pershing Rifles: General meet-
ing for all members, 7 p.m., Thurs.,
March 17, 100 Military Headquar-
ters. Applications for probation-
ary membership will be consid-
ered. Be in uniform.
Alpha Phi Omega: Pledge meeting,
Michigan Union, Room 3R, March
17, 7 p.m.
American Institute of Electrical
Engineers and Institute of Radio
Engineers; Joint Student Branch.
A field trip to Michigan Bell Tele-
phone Company, Detroit, Michi-
gan will be held on Thurs., March
17. Busses will leave from in front
of East Engineering Bldg. at ex-
actly 1:10 p.m. Tickets $0.75 for
members and $1 for non-members
are available in room 2514 East
Engine. Tickets are also available
for the Banquet on March 23.
They can be purchased from any
officer of the organization.
despite severe opposition. Mr. Lin-
coln fought for what he believed
in. Al Fishman fights for what
ie believes in. To condemn one is
to condemn all. But honesty ought
not be condemned. Sincerity and
the integrity to fight for one's
beliefs ought never be condemned.
This is not to praise an ideology.
nor to denounce one. We earthly
insignificants, so wholly unable
to grasp even a fraction of the
absolute truth about us, so unable
to separate the international
wheat from the chaff, are indeed
presumptuous to name ourselves
judges of ideological right and
And when we admit that we
cannot fairly, honestly, properly
judge, as we must all admit, then
we must disqualify, ourselves from
our self imposed judgeship. We
can say only that we believe Mr.
Peterson's philosophy of govern-
ment is correct. or that we believe
Mr. Fishman's is. For upon this
earth there is no tangible proof
for either side; the proof will be
found in history. A century from
now, students may know which
side was right, and wherein its
righteousness lay; but we here,
now, unless we have some divine
power to see and know all, can
never be certain we are not in
All any of us can do, therefore,
is to question ourselves daily as
to the integrity of our motives,
and then to fight for what we
believe to be right. And if that
is ever considered a crime, Mr.
Peterson, in this great country
of ours, I hope a collection may
be taken to send me too, to a
place where thought is unham-
pered by common belief. and ex-
pression is unlimited.
-W. B. DeGroot,
To the Editor:
[ WANT TO SAY a few words
of appreciation. Despite handi-
caps, I feel that I have been able
during the past few days to ac-
complish a great deal towards se-
curing readmission to MSC. I have
found the students at Michigan
fair-minded and interested in
hearing my side. I have spoken
with many people. From the re-
sponse I received, I am sure that
there are many hundreds sin-
cerely interested in academic free-
dom and who see that the main
point at this time is to work for
my readmission. To these I want
to say thanks. In the near future,
I hope to be further able to ex-
plain my ease at a regularly
scheduled meeting. Further infor-
mation about my case can be ob-
tained from the Committee for
Student and Faculty Rights, P.O
Sox 493, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Looki g Bck
MAYNARD KLEIN and his University
Choir scored a direct musical hit last
night with their contemporary music con-
Ralph Vaughan Williams' "The Souls
of the Righteous" gave the audience a
gentle introduction to the sounds to be
expected in modern music. The choir felt
a bit strange in this number, making the
Going further into the mazes of inoderil
harmonies, the choir presented "Sing Me
the Men" by Gustav Holst.
High point of the first half of the con-
cert was Ginastera's "Lamentations of
Jeremiah." Harsh and barbaric at first,
then falling to a sorrowful tone, the music
rose finally to a pleading prayer. The har-
monies were very strange, so the choir
should be forgiven for falling in pitch in
places. The musical effect was tremendous.
Assisted by the Repertory Orchestra, the
choir presented the newest of all works.
"Magnificat" by Homer Keller. The orches-
tra seemed unsure, and the singers had their
noses buried in their scores, so the music
itself didn't merit criticism. Let's hear it
again with more rehearsals behind it.
iIillel's-a-Poppin: Ticket and
Finance. All tickets or cash must
be turned in at 4 p.m., Rehearsal
Room, Michigan League.
Democratic Socialist Club:j
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 3-R,
Michigan Union. Topic for Dis-
cussion: "The Economic Aspect of
Present-Day Socialism." Diiscus-
sion Leader: Prof. Dickinson of the
I.Z.F.A.: Beginning study group,
7:45 p.m., Hillel. Topic: "Balfour
Declaration to the UN Decision."
4 p.m., Tea in Wesley Lounge.
6 p.m., School for Christian Liv-
ing. Rev. John Burt speaks in'
Lenten series on "The Best in all
Westminster Guild, First Pres-
byterian Church: Inforhal tea
and talk. 4 to 6 p.m., Russel par-
lor, church building.
miic igan Christian Fellowship:
Bible Study, Book of Acts, Chap-
ter V, 7:30 p.m., Upper Room,
Roger Williams Guild: Weekly
chat and tea, Guild House, 4:30-6
U. of Mi. Dames Bridge Group:
Henderson Room (not the Hussey
Room), of Michigan League, 8
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're Associated Press is exclusiv.,y
entitled to the use for republtYioit
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
natters hereintare also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ain
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mtail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
I E1ditorial Staff4
Harri(>L Friedman ....Managing Editor
Dick Maloy ................City Editor
Naomi Stern ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ,..Associate Edltor
Al JBiuxnroseu ........,Associate Edfitor
Leon Jaroff.........Associate Editor
Robert C. White ......Associate Editor
B. S. Brown ...........Sporta Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey .....Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery ......Women's Editor
Mary Ann Harris Asso. Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ..................Librarian
Richard Halt .......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Adverttising Manager
William Culuman ....1"inauw3 Manager
Colo Christau ...Circulauiou Maoager
a _ .. .. _.. _ . ...._ _ , ,
50 YEARS AGO:
The University Pharmacy Department
launched plans to start an arboretum, or
"botanical tree garden" where it could grow
every existing tree that could survive the
Michigan climate. The trees would be used
for experimental medicine and economic
20 YEARS AGO:
The posters advertising the Junior Girls'
International Center weekly
(Co',tinud on Paex 5)
Thy lad Merely wants thie .,.
I Another BENEFIT? Wvll,i
You know how the young idolize all