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March 11, 1949 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1949-03-11

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______ _____ _____ _____ _____THE -MCHIGK-NDAILY

fro ...
"HE UNIONS have made it clear at the
Senate Taft-Hartley hearings that they
ant the closed shop restored, and there are
veral good reasons why they should have
Of prime importance to the Unions, of
purse, is the preservation of organized
abor. But unfortunately, a great manyl
ndustrial leaders have not graduated from
he "break up the unions" school of
hought. Anyone who believes in or-
anized labor can scarcely condone the
acking of shops with non-union help
a order to stir up and eventually elim-
nate unions. Yet, by the banning of the
losed shop we make such an occurrence
ighly possible.
Then too, there is the viewpoint of the
dividual worker which must be taken into
nsideration. A great many of these work-
s have labored 15 or 20 years in a shop.
hey have taken part in the long struggle
r better hours, working conditions and
ages, living for months and years on a
eager subsistence level. Surely, they can
pect that someone joining the factory
ter be at least required to pay honorary
ibute to the group which did and is still
iproving the lot of all the members of that
ant. Yet, the banning of the closed shop
akes this improbable if not impossible.
There is another reason however, why
he Unions should have the closed shop.
t concerns our dislike for wildcat strikes,
nion irresponsibility and the inability of
Jnions to keep its members in line. The
losed shop breeds that responsibility in
he workers and in the union. It makes
hem aware that since they are the or-
anization in a certain industry the public
:an expect them to handle their affairs
n a proper way.
There is as much need for this shoulder-
g of worker responsibility as there is for
ganized management responsibility.
It is relatively easy to point to a single
se and say that by the closed shop a
an is being deprived of his rights to em-
oyment. But is he? By the mere expedient
joining the Union he becomes eligible
r that job. And how much more important
the right of the one to be merely stub-
drn (since he gives up no rights by
ing), then is the right of the majority
.protect itself.
-Don McNeil.

Con ...
FOLLOWING ON THE heels of its strict
decision against General Motors activ-
ities, the National Labor Relations Board
has recently exercised its influence to bar
workers' strikes, as relating to closed shop
By a unanimous action, NSRB officials
tightened the vice on union members who
go on strike in order to obtain the much-
disputed closed shop contracts. The Board
acted in defense of a Taft-Hartley Act
clause explainingbsuch action as a direct
violation of the bill.
The most recent scapegoats were butchers
and meat cutters of Amalgamated Meat
Cutters Union (AFL) and its Local 421, who
were warned to trouble no further in their
quest for the closed shop. In November, 1947,
about 45 butchers left their jobs at A&P
chain grocery stores in Los Angeles, and
didn't return for nearly six months.
It is certainly a welcome sign in an other-
wise turbulent war between labor and man-
agement forces, indicating a renewed effort
to squelch labor's discriminatory ideas and
practices once and for all. And if the Taft-
Hartley Act doesn't succeed where other at-
tempts have failed, not much hope will
remain for a democratic setup of employer-
employee relations.
By this regulation, the employer will no
longer be fettered to the strong unionized
ties which demand closed shop methods;
such contracts, obligating management to
hire exclusively union members, are ta-
boo inasmuch as the Taft-Hartley Bill
labels as "unfair labor practices" any
action which causes or attempts to cause
an employer to discriminate.
Now, by, virtue of the NLRB ruling, a
bitter thorn in the side of job-seeking non-
union men will have been removed. In the
establishment of a verdict which prevents
management from discriminating against
nonunion employment applications, inde-
pendent job-hunters can be readily assured
that their submitted applications will receive
due consideration from the men that count.
And if and when the hopefuls are refused
work, they will know their rejection has
been a result of insufficient experience or a
lack of ability, not a consequence of their
nonunion status.
-Don Kotite.

Let's NotRobotize

Bombs vs. Footballs
THE HOUSE OF Representatives, in a
hush of secrecy and speculation, has
passed a bill to finance a gigantic spy net-
work for United States defense. I is a time
of awakening for some of us, and should
be a time of introspection for us all.
The United States became great in a
rugged but clean atmosphere of open
competition and fair play. Now we are,
told that we must enter a new era in our
national history, and engage in a new
struggle-one that is mute, but in which
no holds are barred.
Many of us recoil at the thought of de-
ceptive, sneaking attempts by agents of our
own government to pry vital secrets out
of unwary foreigners and foreign nations.
But are they unwary? The question is
almost ludicrous, for it has already been
answered incontrovertibly, and many
times. The erstwhile German fifth column
in this country, and the Russian spy
rings unmasked recently here and in Can-
ada, show us that our trust has been ex-
ploited time and again, much to our
danger and probable harm.
The distaste of the House for this piece.
.of necessary legislation can be seen in the
hasty assurance of a member of the Armed
Services Committee that the Central Intel-
ligence Agency will not operate in the
United States. It is an almost childish as-
surance. If foreign governments are found
to be carrying on activities here that would
endanger our national welfare, Congress
should and will extend the powers of the
Agency. When thieves are loose in the
streets, it is foolish to refuse to store guns
in one's own house.
Those who envision our country at some
near date as a furtive place where one is
always in fear of the sudden knock, etc.,
etc., are lacking in reason. The FBI is per-
petually active throughout our country,
secretly investigating, protecting. The Cen-
tral Intelligence Agency extends the pro-
tection without increasing the danger to
human rights.
We have not embarked on our new road
frivolously, or without a serious search
for other more honorable ways of protec-
tion. The minds we have chosen to guide
our interests can be trusted to have real-
ized the full import of our entry into the
devious maze of espionage and counter-
espionage. Which of us can say that,
placed in their position, he would not
have taken the same course?
Unpleasant as it is to admit, this is not
a question of fair play, for one does not
fight bombs with footballs. We are in the
game of life and death.
-James Gregory.
AM Hill Auditoriu .
DAY OF WRATH manages to look like a
collection of animated Re rn b r an dt
paintings and at the same time pack an
emotional and intellectual punch.
Dealing with seventeenth century witch-
hunts, this Danish film points out a fact
that is quite as applicable nowadays as it
was in the period depicted. If a person is
considered a witch (any other term of
opprobrium may be substituted) long
enough, he himself will come around to the
same point of view.
The very unusual looking Lisbeth Movin
contributes a subtle and intense perform-
ance to the general excellence of the picture.
As the innocent young girl wedded to an
aging village pastor she undergoes a con-
vincing change under the impact of love.
Because of a series of amazing but never-
theless inevitable coincidences, she is led

to believe that she has power over the
destiny of those about her.
A harridan of a mother-in-law and the
superstitious beliefs of the times serve to
strengthen the girl's psychological readiness
to believe in her supernatural abilities.
Day of Wrath actually has two major
climaxes. From the point of view of screen
action, the first is the most powerful. How-
ever, because it concerns a minor character,
and the latter climax is the expression of
the theme of the film, there is a willing-
ness on the part of the audience to accept
the latter as the more important.
The photography, although slow-paced in
part, is a fine example of how closely the
camera can approximate the technique of
art. Acting in the film is characterized by a
cleanness and simplicity which is enriched
by naturalistic bits of detail.
-Fredrica Winters.
SLookinug Iack~
The University asked the State Legislature
for $187,000 for a new hospital and scien-
tific lab. The proposal was expected to pass
the houses.
From letters seized by the postal depart-
ment, the U.S. learned of a plot by an-
archists, socialists and others to overthrow
the U.S. Government by means of a bloody
revolution and the establishment of a Bol-

"Whiat Do You Make Of It?"
To LEO,-
\ 62:y Y

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i T
L' _
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e p fAO TYi .r'ate*"^ s.-ow N+ r a.


IN ALL THE discussion now going on as to
whether the change from Molotov to
Vishinsky means the beginning of a softer
Soviet policy, almost nobody bothers to raise
or answer the questioi;" Vt'1at would we do
if it turned out really to mean a softer So-
viet line? How would we react?
We are prepared for a hardening, but
not for a softening. Insofar as we discuss
the matter at all, we do so in the form
of solemn adjurations to each other to pay
no attention to any .possible signs of
softening; and to treat them, in fact, as
if they had not occurred.
This means that we discuss the Molotov-
to-Vishinsky shift with fascinated attention,
editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Current Movies
'At the State . .
DON'T LET THE publicity, previews, or
title fool you. This is a real goodie.
The meeting of Rex Harrison and Pres-
ton Sturgis-motion picture madmen of
two nations-is most happy. Rex runs
rampant throughout, leaving the astound-
ed viewer with the impression that he has
seen a subtle, hilarious, and most unusual
There are other people in the picture, of
course, but they serve no more useful pur-
pose than do the more commonplace stage
properties. Linda Darnell, poor thing, has
never before been called upon to weather a
dramatic tornado of such proportions. She
is obviously shaken by the whole affair and,
on occasion, succeeds only in nervously
mouthing her lines.
The sparkling plot puts Harrison, world
famed symphonic conductor, on the chilly
end of an apparent triangle. His music
induces various clock-work schemes of.
revenge to arise in his fertile subconscious
mind. Funny in themselves, the dream
sequences are later compared riotously to
the bumblings of real life.
The picture is more than just another
vehicle for garden-variety slapstick. It's a
very effective parody on practically any

and in hundreds of thousands of words, in
an effort to dig out its meaning, while, also,
we .commit ourselves fulsomely to the doc-
trine that it can have no meaning. This
seems illogical. It also seems to me dan-
gerous "forany country to commit itself,
in advance, to the idea that things which.
may have meaning do not have meaning.
This amounts almost to a decision that
we must continue on a certain course of
action, regardless of what Russia does. And
that amounts to a decision that we mustn't
cogitate' very deeply about Russian moves,
anymore, or reason about them; we must
only act. And this approach seems to me
in the highest degree mechanical and peril-
It means also that we must forever
carry on our foreign policy as if it were a
failure. That policy is designed to produce
an ultimate Russian softening, but if we
are to go on counseling each other against
noticing any softening, should it ever
occur, then it might be said that we are
becoming afraid of success because of the
new problems it would bring.
Anw if success has become a menace to us,
because it might lead to a weakening of
the policy that had produced it, then we
are indeed in a weird fix. That would mean
that the chief purpose of our policy is,
merely, the maintenance of our policy; that
it is our job to protect it, rather than it us.
If all this seems far-fetched, I would
like to cite a story, of the greatest public
importance, written by James Reston for
the New York Times. In it, Reston says
there are "some officials" in Washington
who would consider Molotov's demotion,
if he has been demoted, as a "distinct
loss to the cause of American and Western
unity," because Molotov's attitude played
so big a part in angering Congress and
getting the Marshall Planhadopted, etc.
Reston makes it clear that there are
many facets of our policy besides the anti-
Russian, that, regardless of Russia, it was
necessary for us to develop unity behind
the idea of aiding Western Europe, taking
responsibility in the world, etc., and that
Molotov's "help" is hailed only insofar as it
contributed to these goals. But it remains
true that here we have officials who are not
displeased that there was enough Russian
toughness to enable us to construct a policy
which has been sold to the public chiefly
on the basis of its anti-Russianism.
They are glad of the problem that gave
us the policy. Here, too, we have that
feeling of men serving policy, rather than
policy serving men. The policy comes first;
it has come to seem to us so delightful,
so delicious that we appear on the whole
rather pleased that reality is such that
this particular kind of policy can be built

(Continued from Page 3)
preferably single. Call Ext. 371, or
stop at 3528 Administration Bldg.
immediately as preliminary tests
must be taken on Mon., March 14.
The Eli Lilly Co. will have a rep-
resentative here on March 15 and
16 to interview for the following
people: CHEMISTS: Ph.D, in Bio,
Organic, and Physical chemistry,
M.S. in Analytical and Organic
chemistry, and B.S. candidates:
Bacteriologist with an M.S. or
Ph.D. degree; 'Engineers (Chemi-
cal, Industrial, and Electrical)
with B.S. and M.S. degrees, and
Pharmacy; Ph.D. and M.S. in
Pharmaceutical Chemistry or
Pharmacy, and B.S. candidates.
For further information and ap-
pointments, call Ext. 371, or call
in the office of the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration
Bld g.
University Lecture: "Contempo-
rary Education in Latin America."
Dr. Harold Benjamin, Dean of the
College of Education, University
of Maryland; auspices of the
School of Education and the De-
partment of Romance Languages.
4:15 p.m., Fri., March 11, Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. Tea, Hender-
son Room, Michigan League, fol-
lowing lecture.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for John
Andrew Faust, Pharmaceutical
Chemistry; thesis: "Antispasmod-
ics XI," Fri. March 11, 2525 Chem-
istry Bldg., 3:30 p.m. Chairman,
F. F. Blicke.
Astronomical Colloquium: Fri.,
March 11, 4:15 p.m., Observatory.
Dr. Harry M. Bendler, Michigan
State College, will speak on the
subject, "Magnetic Fields in Stel-
lar Atmospheres."
Electrical Engineering Collo-
quium: Fri., March 11, 4 p.m.,
1042 E. Engineering Bldg. Prof. A.
D. Moore, Electrical Engineering
Department. "New Fluid Map-
University Musical Society: Ex-
tra C'oncert Series-the Indianap-
olis Symphony Orchestra, Fabien
Sevitzky, conductor, Sun., March
13, 7 p.m., Hill Auditorium.
A limited number of tickets are
available at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, Burton
Memorial Tower; and will also be
on sale at the Hill Auditoripm box
office at 6 p.m. Sunday.
Student Recital: Lillian Clack,
pianist, will present a recital in
lieu of a thesis for the degree of
Master of Music, 4:15 p.m., Sat.,
March 12, Rackham Assembly
Hall. A pupil of John Kollen, Miss
Clack will play compositions by
Galuppi, Scarlatti, Schubert,
Schumann, and Mendelssohn.
Organ Recital: Leslie- P. Spel-
man, Organist of University of
Redlands, 4:15 p.m., Fri., March
11, Hill Auditorium. Compositions
by Henry Purcell, William Byrd,
Vincent Lubeck, Claude Balbastre,
J. S. Bach, Hendrik Andriessen,
Frederick Jacobi, Eric DeLamarter
and Henry Mulet.

Events Today
Opera: Puccini's "Gianni Schic-t
chi" and "Sister Angelica," pre-0
sented by the School of Music ande
the Department of Speech, 8:00F
p.m., tonight and Saturday, Lydiac
Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets on
sale daily, 10 a.m.-8 p.m., Thea-n
tre box office.
Geological -Mineralogical Jour-u
nal Club: 12 noon, 3056 Naturalb
Science Bldg. Mr. Richard Strong,d
Department of Geology, "Somet
Factors in Paleoclimatology."
Modern Dance Performances,c
auspices of Chinese Students Club.E
Miss Lin Pei-fen, 8:30 p.m., Pat-o
tengil Auditorium, Ann Arborf
High School. Tickets on sale at
the New Administration building,u
8 a.m-5 p.m. and at the door fromo
6-8 p.m.j
Ann Arbor Library Club: Meet-t
ing, 7:45 p.m., 110 General Library.,
Miss Ruth Rutzen will speak onC
the A.L.A. Fourth Activities Com-i
Graduate Outing Club: Swim-
ming party 7:30 p.m.; meet at IMC
Bldg. Hike, Sun., March 13; meetr
at 2A15 p.m., northwest corner,a
Rackham Bldg.
Political Science Graduate Cof-
fee Hour: 4-5, League Cafeteria.
Roger Williams Guild: Labor-K
Lark party, 8:30 p.m., Guild
Hawaii Club: Room 3 D, Michi-
gan Union, 7:15 p.m.
German Coffee Hour: 3-4:301
p.m., Michigan League Cafeteria.
Westminster Guild, First Pres-
byterian Church: "Field Day"J
party, 8-11 p.m., Social Hall,1
church building.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:E
Sabbath Evening Services, 7:45
Hillel-Music Committee: 5 p.m.,
3rd floor, Michigan Union.
Motion Picture: "Day of Wrath,"
presented by Art Cinema League
and Inter - Cooperative Council.
Also "Poet and Peasant," 8:30
p.m., tonight and Saturday, Hill
Auditorium. Box office opens 2
Coming Events
Recreational Swimming-Wom-
en Students: There will be no rec-
reational swimming at the Union
Pool Sat., March 12, only, from
9-10 a.m. Michifish will meet,
10-11 a.m.
Armenian Students' Association:
Bowling party, W.A.B., Mon.,
March 14, 7:30 p.m.
Russian circle: Meeting, Mon.,
March 14, 8 p.m., International
Center. Professor Lobanov will
speak on the subject, "The history
of Moscow and its cultural signifi-
Ticket meeting for Hillel's-a-
popin: Salesmen and other stu-
dents desiring block tickets meet
at 4 p.m., Rehearsal Room, Michi-
gan League.

The Daily acords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters forr
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good i
taste will not be published. The L
editorsreserve the privilege of con-t
densing letters. i
. . .
Vewer Facts
ro the Editor:d
N APRIL 8, 1938, the first anti-d
semitic law which thoroughly
%urtailed the rights of Jews was F
>assed in the Hungarian parlia- t
nent. A second, more stringentn
aw was enacted in February ofe
939. This was all tnder the
Eorthy government, which was
the "herald of fascism in Europe,"k
Bccording to the Encyclopediar
rittanica Book of the year. OnV
April 5, 1944 the New York Times4
reported that Cardinal Seredi wasF
arrested for' protesting the pro-p
rams occurring at that period.-
Mindszenty, a bishop at that time,s
was not arrested at this time or at
any time Iefore this. He was re-
yortedly seized 'on Apri 5, 1945, by
the Arrow Cross, the native fas-
cist organization, at a time whenr
the Nazis were leaving the coun-
try! Bela Fabian was a member ofc
the Past Prefecture until 1940, yetf
there were the anti-Semitic lawsr
of 1920, 1938, 1939, and 1940 ine
effect at 'that time. Would Mr.
F~abian have been allowed to oc-
upy a seat in the Prefecture un-
less he actively or implicitly con-
doned the policies of the govern-t
ment at that time? In July, 1940,
"most of the Jews in HungaryF
were thrown into labor camps"''
w~here they were badly treated,
but as yet, not annihilated. Whyt
did not Mindszenty speak up att
this time?
From the New York Times: "In
May, 1946, a large scale neo-fas-t
Gist" plot was discovered and thet
Bishops College barred all Cath-
olic clergy from political action
from that day onward. In Au-
gust 2, 1946, Cardinal Mindszenty
urged amnesty for political pris-
oners who were in the vast ma-
jority Arrow Cross and Horthy
party men. On April 10, 1947,l
(New York Times) MindszentyJ
said he would excommunicate all
Catholic members of Parliament
if a bill to end compulsory relig-
ious education were passed. '
On June 7, 1948 (New York
Times again) he barred all Cath-
olics from taking part in govern-
ment Press and Radio activities,
and charged that thedgovernment
was the worst he had ever seen!
This despite the fact that he had
spent 20 years under the Horthy
and Nazi regimes and had seen
the "elimination of Jews from the
political and economic life of
Hungary by 1940." (Encyclopedia
-Hy Bershad.
No Intelligence Left
To the Editor:
T AM OC THE opinion that the
students of this University
leave what little intelligence they
possess, i the classrooms at the
end of each period. They amble
out into the street at any point,
looking neither left nor right, but
leaving it up to the motorist to
see that they get safely across the
street. They rely on mechanical
things tlt sometimes fail. They
evidently do not know that they
have mote maneuverability than
the average car.

I have come to the conclusion
that before I receive my degree,
I will have killed or maimed at
least one student, through no fault
of my own. This realization is not
conducive to a studious atmo-
I suggest that the great brains
behind the administration of this
institution get together and do
something about this problem.
Perhaps they can get a better use
out of the campus police than
the present one of presenting
tickets to illegal parkers. Perhaps
they can see to it that the stu-
dents cross at the crosswalks, and
that traffic lights be placed in
front of the Union, at State and
North University, and on the
corner of South and East Univer-
-Thomas F. Allen.
- * * *
(EDITOR'S NOTE: City police told
The Daily' that a light has 'been
scheduled for this location, and will
be installed as soon as one is avail-
able. State police priority on lighting
equipment has delayed the opera-

Letters to the Editorm-

To the Editor:
my bones, but speakers bans
will never hurt me.
Thus in essence did Dean Wal-
ter speak when in the March 3rd
Daily he proclaimed his faith iii
the "Sermon on the Mount." This
interpretation of the Sermon from
t. Matthew V:3-12 appears al-
most as an answer to the Admin-
istration's prayers. Relax kiddies,
what care you about such mun-
dane affairs as speakers bans,
drinking bans, driving bans, mul-
tiple restrictions upon women stu-
dents, and racial quota systems.
Remember, "Blessed are they
that mourn," and after all, shall
not the meek ". . . inherit the
Now turn the other cheek and
prepare for more renunciation,
kiddies, for coincidentally, in a
neighboring column we have a
verbal blast from the Dean of
Women. Here we find that group
pressures are subverting the pro-
motion of high standards of con-
duct, and despite the New Look,
student standards of dress are de-
To passively subordinate one-
self to such arbitrary authority is
not fulfilling the teaching of the
"Sermon on the Mount." Rather
do I prefer the Philosophy set
forth by Franklin H. Littell, di-
rector of Lane Hall. In an article
about Religion-in-Life Week he
quotes from the following state-
ment issued by the officers of the
World Student Federation:
"Our Christian faith and obed-
ience are unreal unless we take
seriously the place where God has
put us and the social and political
problems which confront us.
"Unless we assume some prac-
tical personal responsibility for
the economic, technical and moral
life of our society, our obedience
is imperfect, our discipleship of
Christ is partial and our claim
to be witnesses to the love and
mercy of tod is hypocritical. ..."
-Sidney Sherman.
* * *
To the Editor:
IN THE LETTERS to the Editor
column of March 6, 1949, the
date given for the publication of
the article to which I referred
was July 2, 1948 as linotyped by
The Daily. My original letter stat-
ed that it was July 21, 1948. I
would greatly appreciate it if you
would bring this to the attention
of your readers.
-Riehard F. Schults.


Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harriett Friedman ....Managing Editor
Dick Maloy ................City Editor
Naomi Stern ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ...Associate Editor
Al Blumrosen ........Associate Editor
Leon Jaroff.........Associate Editor
Robert C. White ......Associate Editor
B. S. Brown.......... ..Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey ...Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery.....Women's Editor
Mary Ann Harris Asso. Women's Editor
Bess Hayes................Librarian
Business Staff
Richard Hat .......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manager
William Culman .. ..Finance Manager
Cole Christian ...Circulation Manager
Telephone 2 3 -24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republioation
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail.



- . .. I I

= - 11 1




And h

ere we have

Whistler's Mother.}

My mom says she gets
fidgetty if she just sits.

I'm THAT fdgetty! Herd
my knitting-bag by me
too and I've just sat here

could have had this sweafer
long ago! Thank you, boy!


s 1 IGosh!Shekid o f !oaks





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