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March 06, 1949 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1949-03-06

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IN LIFE WEEK

Itt~A-~

471 aiiAp

SCLOUDY
AND COLDER

See Page 4

Latest Deadlilte in the State
VoL. LIX, No. 108 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGANr SUNDAY, MARCH 6, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

UN Engineer,
US.Employe
CalledSpies
Soviet Diplomat
Assails Arrests
NEW YORK-(P)--A Russian
engineer on the United Nations
staff and a' young woman em -
ploye of the Justice Department
were accused yesterday of spying
on U.S. defense secrets.
They were arrested after FBI
agents had stalked them through
'busy New York streets.
Soviet Ambassador Alexander S.
Panyushkin promptly went to the
State Department in Washington,
and demanded the Russian's re-
lease. The State Department said
merely it was looking into the
matter.
THE 27 - YEAR OLD govern-
ment worker, Miss Judith Coplon,
was accused of taking secrets
from depaitnient files for delivery
to Valentine A. Gubitchev.
FBI agents arrested them
together last night.
Gubitchev, 32-year-old engineer
who has been working on plans
for the permanent .JN ,headquar-
ters under construction here, was
held in $100,000 bail at his ar-
raignment.
HE WAS suspended imn tdiate-
ly': from his UN post. Wilder
Foote, director ,of'the world or-
ga ization's^ press department,
said the wftussian would not come
undeVPdN immunity.
fieeral Judge Simon H. Rif-
' nud set bail of $20,00' for Miss
d' Goplon, although. £lbe govern-
ment sought . 0,000. Her at-
torney d heed that documents
fauna1'~ her Purse ugre sniot,
im Unt and were, ".lanted".
ese docunits, 'the Justice
ja ent d, were "typewrit
etn sul ies of, information.ab-J
tc '~from confidential docu+ -
involving se'cauityTdata and
p tricte'd infdrnation .
investigation" of what he call-
ed the Justice Department's
"shocking, inexcusable laxity"
toward Miss Coplan.
Nixon is a member of the House
Unamerican Activities Commit-
tee.
Willow Village
Jobless Ask
Increased Aid
Unel)doyed Unhappy
UnabIle To Pay llent
Jobless citizens of nearby Wil-
low Village have stepped up de-
mands for increased welfare aid
and asked that a halt be called to
a~i~ncfn, nn~amn f t~i

'No Comment'

on

TeachingPurges
Educators, Fledgling Instructors
Give Vague Replies in Daily Poll
By DOLORES PALANKER and NORMA JEAN HARELIK
"I'd rather not comment."
This-generally-was the reply to a Daily poll of prospective
teachers and faculty members concerning their opinion on the present
controversy over purging Communists from the teaching profession.
S * *
THE SURVEY WAS conducted in view of the current dispute
raging throughout the nation, which began with faculty dismissals
at the University of Washington and Oregon State.
. This academic "hot potato" has recently been the subject
of an hour-long network radio roundtable, and numerous articles
in national publications.
Failure by those questioned here to express an opinion was
summed up in a statement by a teaching fellow who asked that his
name be withheld.
"MOST PROSPECTIVE teachers and teaching fellows like myself
who are on the very bottom of the pile are afraid to talk for fear
of injuring their futures," he said.
He pointed out that every person who signs a contract to
teach in the stateof Michigan is asked to sign an accompanying
non-Communist affidavit.
However, according to Otto W. Haisley, superintendent of schools
in Ann Arbor, there is no clause within the teaching contract itself
that asks the signee to declare his political affiliations. "A prospective
teacher must sign an oath of allegiance to the United States," he
said, "just like any other state official."
'* * *
MEMBERS OF THE FACULTY, when approached, were for the
most part non-commital.
James B. Edmonson, dean of the School of Education, stated,
"I can think of many controversies to get mixed up in without
getting mixed up in that one."
And .William Clark Trow, professor of Educational Psychology,
commented, "You wouldn't print what I'd like to say."
*
"I AGREE HEARTILY with the position Dean Keniston takes
on that matter," said L. G. Vander Velde, chairman of the history
department, but Dean Hayward Keniston, of the College of Litera-
tumie, Science and the Arts, when contacted later refusedto comment.
"I'm going to speak in New York on that subject at the
end of the month and Id rather not discuss it until I make a
{public statement," he explained.
G. Max Wingo, principal of the University Elementary School,
took a stand in line with a recent article in the New York Times
by P'of. Sidney Hook, of New York University. Hook said that Com-
munist party members should not be permitted to teach because
they, are not free to search for the truth.
MEANWHLt|TaE STUDENOO-contacted, all planning to make
teaching their career, were slightly more willing to take a public
stand on the issue.
A viewpoint contrary to Hook's was expressed by L. H.
Legters, '49, who said, "Academic competence should be the
qualification for teachers. If Trotsky were alive, it would be a
great honor to take a political science course from him."
But Randall Nelson, '50, feels that people should not advocate
Communism in the school system. "However, Communism shouldn't
be suppressed," he said, adding, "Information should be given freely
so that people can judge for themselves."
ALTHOUGH SHE IS AGAINST Communist party members teach-
ing in colleges, Edith Herr, '49 Grad., feels that it is perfectly all
right to open both sides to students. "But I'd hesitate to uphold
a teacher who considered the Communist way of life above the Amer-
ican," she added.
Melvin Marcus, '50 Grad., believes that the problem should be
attacked on two bases: 1. Prove legally and finally that the indi-
vidual is a Communist party member. 2. Then, prove his being
a Communist makes it impossible for him to teach the truth in
the classroom.
"People who put pressure on schools to get rid of Communists

Reds Name
Gromyko to
Higher Post
West Speculates
On NewPolicy
LONDON - ('1 - Andrei A.
Gromyko, who has made many
sharp attacks on the Westerp
powers before the United Nations,
has been appointed Russia's First
Deputy Foreign Minister, th
Moscow radio announced tonight.
He succeeds fiery Andrei ).
Vishinsky, advanced yesterday 61
the post of Foreign Minister t
succeed V. M. Molotov.
MOST DIPLOMATIC observers
in London agree that the Russia
cabinet shakeup hardly foreshad-
ows any bid for truce in the cold
war between east and west.
Many diplomats speculated
that Molotov is on the way up-
stairs to greater power, al-
though conceding frankly they
have no inside information to
guide them.
There was speculation that the
aging Prime Minister Stalin, now
69, is preparing to hand over
power to Molotov, his No. 1 liei-
tenant.
Georges Bidault, former Fren'h
Foreign Minister who has nego
tiated with both Molotov and yr
shinsky in big four discussions,
pretty well summed up the view
of the skeptical majority of o .
servers:
"MY REACTION is not good.
I fear that optimism would be
foolhardy."
IN ANN ARBOR, Prof. Marbug
N. Efimenco of the political sc.-
ence department added his com
ment on the shakeup. a
He said Vishinsky's elevatioi4
to the post of Foreign Ministef
has not changed the basic stra .
tegy of Russian foreign policy
"But a change in tactics may
expected," he said.
Efimenco stressed the fact th
all talk on the effect of Molotovs
replacement by Vishinsky is pure
speculation.
"THE RUSSIANS may be plan-
ning to use Vishinsky, who has
proved himself a capable prosecu-
tor and orator, to spearhead an
increased propaganda drive
against U.S. aggressive actions."
he added.
Norway's adherence to the
North Atlantic Alliance might
be used as proof, from the view-
point of the Kremlin, that the
U.S. has violated Scandinavian{
neutrality in order to get bases
near Russia, he said.
"Stalin's repeated offers of
peace talks with Truman could
then be used as evidence of a
Russian desire for peace." j
* *
THE RUSSIANS might then
step up diplomatic and military
preparations to match the mili-
tary preparations of the western
bloc, he noted.
"This would be a last-ditch
attempt to ruin plans for Euro-
pean recovery by forcing the
diversi'on of more Marshall Plan
aid for military purposes."
Efimenco said that there was
no indication that a radical
change was in the offing, for both
Molotov and Vishinsky usually
agree on basic Russian policy.

Zarichny Ban
Still on. Say E
Progressives
The University lecture commit-
tee's ruling barring James Zar-
ichny from speaking on campus
still stands. Young Progressives
were told yesterday following a
meeting of the committee.
The committee made no official
statement. Al Fishman, chairman
of the Young Progressives, said
that a lecture committee spokes-
.man informed him that no
changes were made in the deci-
sion prohibiting Zarichny's speech
here.
The Young Progressives had
hoped to bring Zarichny, denied
re-enrollment at Michigan State
College for alleged violation of
probation, here to discuss his case.
AFTER THE lecture commit-

President
Unity for

Requests
A rmedI

More
Forces

SALUTE SOUSA-The University Concert Band will pay special tribute to the "March King" when
they play several Sousa favorites in a "pop" concert at 4:15 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium. Pictured
above are nine students who will play in today's concert. Standing (left to right), are Richard
Maddy, Alfred Taylor, Larry Gray, James Salmon, harry McCreary and Joseph Miller. Seated
(left to right) are Samuel Szor, Elaine Parker and Phyllis Loetz.
* * ** * * * *
VARIUED MUSICAL MENU:
Concerts, Recitals-, Will Cram -Week

A full and varied musical menu
is in store for students this week.
Featured attractions include a
concert by the University Concert
Band, two organ recitals, two
Puccini short operas and the Ind-
ianapolis Symphony Orchestra..
* * *
FIRST ITEM on the bill of fare
will be a "pop" concert at 4:15

p.m. today in Hill Auditorium fea-
turing the University Concert
Band, under the direction of Prof.
William D. Revelli.
Highlighting the program will
be works by Gershwin, Gould,
Grofe, Colby and Sousa. Mary
Kelly, '49SM, will complete the
program by playing a cornet
solo, Clarke's "The Debutante."

No;ed Leaders To Direct
ReligionWeek Progrant

Next offering for the week will
be Josef Schnelker's organ recital
at 4:15 p.m. Wednesday in Hill
Auditorium.
Schnelker, organ instructor in
the University Music School, will
play selections by Walther, Buxte-
hude, Bach, Hindemith and Keller.
* * *
THE INITIAL performance of
two Puccini short operas will take
place at 8 p.m. Wednesday in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Speech Department and mu-
sic school will combine forces to
present Puccini's "Gianni Schic-
chi" and "Sister Angelica" Wed-
nesday through Saturday.
At 4:15 p.m. Friday, Leslie P.
Spelman will present a second or-
gan recital in Hill Auditorium.
Spelman is organist at the Uni-
versity of Redlands in California.
COMPLETING the campus mu-
sical fare for the week will be the
Indianapolis Symphony under the
direction of Fabien Sevitzky. The
Symphony will be heard in the
Extra Concert Series at 7 p.m.
Sunday ini Hill Auditorium.

Recommends
New Defense
Law Changes
Proposes To Halt
Frequent Feuds
WASHINGTON - () - Presi-
dent Truman asked Congress yes-
terday to give his Defense Secre-
tary the full authority he needs
to direct the frequently feuding
Armed Forces.
To bring this about, he recom-
mended thaththe service unifica-
tion law be changed to set up the
present national military estab-
lishment as a full-fledged "De-
partment of Defense."
* * *
IN A SPECIAL message to Con-
gress-where lawmaking current-
ly is slowed down by a senate
filibuster-he urged "prompt con-
sideration" for his recommenda-
tions.
This urgency sprang from two
things:
1. The President's asserttion
that it is essential to have an
effective and workable organi-
zation in a world of long range
bombers, guided missiles and
atom bombs.
I 2. The fact that within a month
a new defense secretary, Lotis
Johnson, will succeed James V.
Forrestal. The outgoing secretary
has complained of insufficient
authority over the three elements
of the unified military establish-
ment, the Army, Navy and Air
Force.
While Mr. Truman did not men-
tion this point, one of the basic
troubles of the defense establish-
ment is that it existed chiefly as
a coordinating agency of govern-
ment. It has not been a true de-
partment of government, with the
department chief having full au-
thority over all units in it.
MR. TJLUMAN obviously had
these points in mind when he re-
commended converting the na-
tional military establishment into
a regular executive department.
In line with this, he also recom-
mended creation of the positions
of undersecretary and three assis-
tant secretaries.
In general, Mr. Truman's re-
port was in line with the recom-
mendations of the Hoover Com-
mission which investigated the
National Security Organization.
IHowever, the proposal for con-
verting the NME into a regular
government department went
beyond the recommendations of
the commission.
The President made no refer-
ence to a suggestion b'y the com-
mission that the civilian secre-
taries of the Army, Navy and Air
Force be demoted to the status of
Undersecretaries of Defense for
Army, Navy and Air.
E ngineers Will
Be Polled on
Honor System
Four hundred civil engineers
will have a chance to voice their
opinions on the much-discussed
Engineering Honor System when
questionnaires are distributed to
civil engineering classes tomorrow
and Tuesday.
The questionnaires were pre-
pared by an American Society of
Civil Engineers committee to in-

vestigate the System as a result
of a round-table conducted by the
society recently. Purpose of the
'4ueries is to determine student in-
terest in the Honor System, ac-
cording to committeeman Norm
Steere.
* * *
IF ENOUGH interest is shown
by the civil engineers, the ques-
tionnaire may be distributed
throughout the entire College of
Engineering and then may be re-
viewed by the Engineering Honor
Council.

evictions for non-payment oz r en c.
Villagers were hit hard by pro- are often the weakest links in the American way of life," he stressed.
duction cutbacks at Kaiser-Frazer "because they seem to be the least concerned in making sure that.
early this year which threw more in addition to political freedom, we also have economic and social
than a thousand out of work. justice.

UNEMPLOYMENT compensa-
tion and welfare offices were
swamped and villagers began to
default in rent payments to the
Federal Housing Authority. When
presented with eviction notices,'
villagers doubled up with friends.
Citizens committees' agitation
succeeded in getting a branch
office of the State Department
of Public Welfare established at
the Village. This will get into
operation tomorrow and par-
tially relieve the heavy welfare
load which has been carried by
Superior and Ypsilanti town-
ships.
Meanwhile a mass meeting
sponsored by the Progressive Iear-
ty in the Community. Center Fri-
day night named a committee to
visit Gov. Williams. The commit-
tee will ask Williams for a special
welfare appropriation to aid job-
less villagers, according to Mrs.
Ava Philips, party secretary.
ANOTHER committee will ask
Federal Housing officials to de-
clare a moratorium on evictions
and eviction notices for the dura-
tion of the unemployment crisis.
Villagers are hopefully eye-
ing back-to-work notices issued
by Kaiser-Frazer. With the an-
nouncement from Washington
this wee tp fhat credit restic-

"IF THESE FLOURISH in this country," he added, "we need have
no fear of domestic Communists as far as academic freedom is con-
cerned."
World News At A Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Democratic leaders bid for-and failed to get--
strong Republican support today for their efforts to break a Southern
filibuster in the Senate.
Dixie Democrats, riding what they think is a victory crest, kept
the Senate for the sixth day from acting on a motion by Senator
Lucas of Illinois, their party's leader, to take up a rules change which
hits at filibusters.

Religion in Life Week will be
launched on campus this morning,
with many noted guest religious
leaders speaking in the various
Ann Arbor churches.
The pace will be maintained
throughout the week, with radio
EVENTS TODAY
Regular services with guest
preachers at various churches
and at student religious grouj
meetings.
EVENTS MONDAY
2:45 p.m.: Radio interviev,
WUOAi, featuring Raymond
Seeger.
4:10 p.m. Seminars:
"Approaches in Bible Study,'
Rcv. Joseph Sittler, Lane
"Physical Science and Reli-
gian; the Religious Implica-
tions of Atomic Energy," See-
ger, Rackham.
programs, classes and seminars
centering their attention on re-,
ligion, with the guidance of the
guest churchmen.
Directing this extensive pro-
gram are two graduate students-
Bill Miller and Irma Eichhorn,t

whose present leadership is but
the latest in a long series of extra-
curricular activities for both.
* * *
MILLER SUMMED up his rea-
son for pushing the program this
way. "We feel religion pertains to
all of living. Everyone should have
a religious philosophy of life or a
plan by which he lives. That is
why the program boasts men froml
all fields."
Miller, who has a B.A. in so-
ciology and is now working in
political science, is interested in
international and intercultural
C relations.
AT THE UNIVERSITY he is
past vice-president of SL and
present chairman of the commit-
tee for displaced students, and
the student UN Council, state
chairman of the Collegiate Coun-
cil of the UN, and vice-president
of Wesleyan Guild.
Miss Eichhorn says "Too
many students spend so much
time in other activities, they do
not have time for the other side
of their life."
"This program will help to
point up this need," she feels.

Today's
the orgah
the public

Band Concert and
recitals are open to
without charge.

Tickets for the Puccini operas
will go on sale at the box office of
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre to-
morrow. Tickets for the Indian-
apolis Symphony are on sale at
the University Musical Society's
offices, Burton Tower.
Senior Duies
Senior dues for the literary and
architecture colleges, music and
forestry schools will be collected
from 2 to 4:30 p.m. tomorrow
through Friday at a booth in the
Administration Building.

Meanwhile,
275,000 a year,
post, will start1

an Administration bill to boost postal rates $253,-
mostly on newspapers. advertising matter and parcel
through Congress Monday.
* *-

BUDAPEST-A Workers' Court convicted 13 persons today
of black market money deals in an alleged, political conspiracy
with Josef Cardinal Mindszenty and sentenced them to prison.
Simultaneously, Communist Deputy Premier Matyas Rakosi
charged diplomatic documents proved the Vatican had plotted
to form a "Union of Catholic Countries" as a Danube monarchy.
SOFIA-Verdicts in the treason trial of 15 Bulgarian Protestant
ministers who begged the court's mercy in final pleas today, are to be
returned Tuesday.
The ministers, four of them weeping, again expressed repentance
and asked for a new chance to work for the Communist-controlled

POTENTIAL POCKETBOOKS:
AiphIigator Disrupts Alpha Phi Menage

By HERB ROVNERt problem of finding a baby alli-
Though the first spring breezes gator for "the pit."
have just hit campus, young men's Yesterday, a box marked
.hd "PERISHABLE - BABY ALLI-
thoughts have already lightly GATOR-DO NOT FREEZE"
turned to thoughts of love, landed on the Alpha Phi door-
Four members of Delta Upsilon step. Flown in from Topeka,
-Al Anderson, Bill Connolly, Jim Kat. Flown igafomasoa
md c~r ~T '1~~w' an., the alligator was soon

food containing lots of protein is
good for the "baby."
Alphigator, whose sex has not
been determined, is still under a
foot long, but the Alpha Phis
are anxiously awaiting the time
when Alphi achieves a length
of several feet which should en-

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