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January 06, 1949 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-01-06

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PAGE FOUR

_ N "DAILY

TflUSAY, AN'UAfi 6,

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'Truman Deal'

LEAVING NO CHANCE for misunder-
standing from any quarter, President
Truman's State of the Union address yester-
day placed the so-called Truman "deal"
squarely behind legislation which would
make the Eighty-First Congress the most
progressive legislative body in history.
Confident and certain tones left no
doubt that Mr. Truman was fully aware
of his backing and that he was atruly
acting as "The President"-an encourag-
ing change from the almost meek, falter-
ing speeches which marked many of his
major addresses in the past few years,
The President took apositive step toward,
fulfillment of campaign promises and even
did a bit of borrowing from the Progressive
Party when he demanded virtual nationali-
zation of rural electrification. ("Public
power," he said, "should be carried to con-
suming areas by public transmission lines
where necessary to provide electricity at the
lowest possible rates.")
With the courage he displayed through-
out both his campaign for the Democratic
nomination and the election campaign, he
stated unequivocally that "the civil rights
proposals I made to the 80th Congress ...
should be enacted" by the 81st. (The pro-
posals, consistently blocked by the now
apparently defunct Republican-Dixiecrat
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

coalition, include repeal of the poll tax,
anti-lynch laws and FEPC legislation).
He asked for positive Federal aid to edu-
cation, wide expansion of social security
and a definite pre-paid health insurance
program, and, moreover, asked that the
agencies administering these programs be
brought together with full departmental
status.
He also requested legislation to aid
farmers, to expand public housing and to
institute a system of Universal Military
Training.
But the most sweeping demands he made
were for four billion dollars of new taxes-
principally from corporations, for a
strengthening of anti-trust laws to give
small business a "chance," and for an un-
qualified repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act and
a reenactment of the Wagner Act, modified
by the outlawing of jurisdicitional strikes,
unnecessary secondary boycotts and strikes
against the public interest.
Altogether, the outlined, proposals indi-
cate a distinct swing to the left which
while not entirely unexpected reveal that
the Truman campaign promises were not
the empty, vote-getting claims which gen-
erally make up party platforms. Yester-
day's speech underscored the irrefutable
sincerity and courage of the man who un-
dertook to perform the seemingly im-
possible job of filling Roosevelt's shoes.
Despite the broad scope of his requests,
and Dixiecrats and conservative Republicans
notwithstanding, it looks like chances for
passage of the major portion of the pro-
gram-maybe even the St. Lawrence Sea-
way Bill, on the fifth try-are good enough
to make even the most doubtful Truman
voter pat himself heartily on the back.
-Naomi Stern.

NIGHT EDITOR: DON McNEIL

wAOl l n

boon to Communism

WITH THE FATE of Asia hanging in the
balance, the unwarranted Dutch aggres-
sion against the Indonesian Republic has
undoubtedly caused great joy in the Com-
munist camp.
For, in the councils of the UN, in the
Russian press, and over Radio Moscow,
Russia can now shout to the world that the
Dutch action is proof that the "imperialis-
tic" nations of the West have as their objec-
tive the exploitation of the Asiatic peoples.
The tide of resentment has already be-
gun to rise in Asia. Prime Minister Pandit
Nehru of India has invited 13 other East-
ern nations to a conference to consider
the Indonesian problem. He has called
the Dutch action "naked and unabashed
aggression" and called on the Security
Council to take immediate action.
Reports from the Far East indicate that
"Asiatic Brigades" are being formed for the
purpose of coming to the aid of the In-
donesians. While they are, as yet, small in
number, these brigades indicate the mood
of the Asiatics.

Meanwhile, our State Department, given
a golden opportunity to show that the
United States is a champion of the op-
pressed, has been content to issue a few
milk-toast statements condemning aggres-
sion.
While we have cut off Marshall Plan aid
to the Netherlands Indies, our aid to HRol-
land itself continues undiminished and,
bulwarked by our dollars, the Dutch feel
confident that we really aren't as dis-
turbed with their misdeeds as we would
have the world believe.
The eyes of all Asia are on Washing-
ton today. Upon our final decision regard-
ing the Dutch aggression depends the fu-
ture good will of millions of Asiatics. If, as
many believe, war with Russia is inevitable,
we will need these people as allies, not en-
emies.
The time has come for the United States
to prove its good intentions in Asia. Cutting
off all aid to the Dutch until they with-
draw their troops from Indonesia would be
a step in the right direction.
-Leon Jaroff.

New Approach
JUST ABOUT one year ago at this time,
the Inter-Racial Association and "Oper-
ation Haircut" were topics of heated debate
and screaming headlines.
Campus opinion was overwhelmingly in
favor of elimination of discrimination, not
only in barber shops, but in all plaes.
Controversy raged, however, on the meth-
ods used by IRA. Many people thought
that the picketing and law-violation
charges did more to reinforce existing prej-
udices than to eliminate them.
IRA's activities this year have not been
as explosive or controversial and newspaper
accounts of meetings have been brief. How-
ever, in terms of long-range effectiveness,
the programs and projects which the group
has undertaken this year will probably do
much toward the ultimate elimination of
prejudice and discrimination.
IRA has taken over a program of the
University extension service, through
which members visit nearby high schools
and present Anti-discrimination pro-
grams. In cooperation with the Student
Legislature, IRA has issued a series of in-
formative anti-discrimination pamphlets
which have been distributed on and near
campus.
Members of IRA are currently contacting
managers of local theatres in an effort to
arrange for inter-racial movies to be ex-
hibited. The group is also planning a pro-
gram to be held in conjunction with Broth-
erhood Week.
One of the best examples of how meet-
ings can be immediately effective on the
people attending was a recent program
at which Professors Ronald Lippitt and
Theodore Newcomb conducted "group sit-
uation" experiments.
All of the action taken by the group this
year seems to indicate that the membership
has intelligently viewed the problems they
are trynig to solve, and are on the right
road to reaching a solution.
-Roma Lipsky.
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Ind ignatiton
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE BRITISH outburst against the al-
leged Israeli incursions into Egypt con-
stitutes one of the phoniest displays of
moral indignation in history.
The world laughs at the spectacle of the
British press and British unofficial
spokesmen working themselves into a
lather over the presumed need for Brit-
ain to come to the aid of Egypt under a
mutual defense treaty.
It won't wash. If these hints, or trial bal-
loons, or whatever they are, come from the
British Foreign Office, then it can only be
said that Foreign Minister Bevin's stock of
self-righteousness has grown to really mas-
sive proportions.
And let it be said now, before anything
official has been done, that if the- British do
seize upon this excuse for giving armed aid
to Egypt, they will be guilty of making
war on the basis of pretexts as slim as
Hitler's-no better.
Even as matters stand now, we can say
that the outline picture of Britain's ter-
rible enmity toward Israel has been com-
pleted. We have seen part of the picture
before, but now all the details are in, and
it goes like this:
1. The Arabs are to be allowed to attack
Palestine at will, without British protest,
and, sometimes, with British financial and
administrative help.
2. When the Arabs are winning, which
doesn't seem to happen often, there is Brit-
ish silence, and, usually, U.N. silence.
3. When the Arabs begin to lose, there
is an instant British demand for a truce,
and for withdrawal of the Israeli-always

the Israeli-forces.
4. When (and it isn't proved that this
yet has happened) the Israeli army drives
the invaders back over the Arab borders,
there are British threats of armed action in
reprisal.
Consider what this means: It means
that every time the Arabs attack, the Jews
might lose, but that the Arabs can't. It
means the British are tolerating the war,
then rigging it so that it can endanger
only one party. If, in one of these forays,
the Arabs did overrun Israel, one can
imagine how much relief Israel would re-
ceive from the U.N. But \should Israel,
pursuing the fleeing Arabs, step foot on
Arab soil, then Britain, the saying, is,
will go to war.
And this, too, must be said: Maybe the
British actually will spring to the "defense"
of Egypt. But if they do, it will be only be-
cause they have the consent, express or
understood, of the United States. For the
United States can, if it will, prevent this
horror.
The Jews are given just about the right
to climb into air raid shelters when the
bombers come, and no more. The simple
military right to strike at the base of the
enemy's power is flatly denied. The Jews
must, like a target, take it, again and again
and again. The Arabs can always retreat to
their safety zone, and prepare to try once
more. And always it will be Israel's fate in
.n1.i v-tr, r i .r~rv< nr~t 1 .r .. ,#

MATTER OF FACT:
Photosynthetic Shmoo

, ----
CO J
J. DAIY OFFIIAL'BLLEI
\
if
C4E 2 t..o

By STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-Something is now going
on quietly and virtually without public
notice in California which may in the long
run utterly overshadow in importance the
current excitements in Washington. Offi-
cials of the Atomic Energy Commission warn
that the ifs should be emphasized. But they
agree that the experiments being carried on
in California under the auspices of the
commission could lead to political and eco-
nomic consequences as overwhelming as
those which have resulted from the inven-
tion of the atomic bomb itself.
The objective which these experiments
arc designed to achieve sounds remarkably
like the scientific counterpart of L'il
Abner's famous Shmoo. For the scientists
are trying to find ways to control or to
duplicate the mysterious process of photo-
synthesis, on which the whole cycle of
life on earth depends. Success would
mean nothing less than the capability of
artificially producing unlimited quantities
of food to feed an increasingly-starva-
tion-threatened world. And already the
scientists know enoug to assert that suc-
cess, although not certain, is now seriously
possible.
Photosynthesis iS, of course, the process
by which plants are enabled to store the
energy of the sun in the form of energy-
iving foods. Although the general theory
has been familiar to school-children for
years, no one has ever really understood the
process in detail.
Now, however, a radioactive byproduct of
atomic energy, called Carbon 14, has pro-
vided a tool through which the dark mys-
teries of the process may be traced. Using
this radioactive tool, two scientists, Dr. Mel-
vin Calvin and Dr. Andrew Benson, work-
ing for the Atomic Energy Commission in
the University of California, have already
made startling progress.
Indeed, acording to Br. Calvin, the
point has already been reached where the

Trinidad to test the possibilities of farming
the sea.
While this sea-faring project is remark-
able enough, Dr. Calvin is convinced as a
consequence of his researches with Carbon
14 that even more is theoretically possible.
In the words of that usually sober journal,
"The London Economist," "When all the
details of the chemical reactions are known,
it should be possible to set up industrial
factories not unlike many modern chem-
ical plants, to produce by artificial photo-
synthesis the carbohydrates, sugars, proteins
and fuels the world so badly needs."
In other words, the green plant would
simply be by-passed entirely. Artificial
photosynthesis in a factory would repro-
duce the process whereby the sugar cane,
for example, transforms carbon dioxide
gas and water into sugar. Using sunlight
and a few basic chemicals, food factories
would turn out food in whatever quantity
might be desired in the same way that
Detroit turns out automobiles.
Calvin and his fellow scientists talk of
this head-spinning idea as a perfectly seri-
ous theoretical possibility. But here, of
course, a warning is necessary. Mass artifi-
cial production of food is theoretically pos-
sible in the same sense that the atomic
bomb was theoretically possible before the
Manhattan District came into existence. A
somewhat comparable national effort would
be necessary before artificial food produc-
tion entered the realm of the practical at
any time in the near future.
Calvin guesses-and it is of course merely'
an informed guess ;-that with such an ef-
fort the trick" might be' turned in four or
five years.
All this may seem at first blush far
removed from the political field. Yet it is
pretty obvious that the political conse-
quences of the little-noticed experiments
of Dr. Calvin and his colleagues could
be downright staggering.

(Cont1vued from Page 2)
3543 Chemistry Bldg., Chairman,
L. C. Anderson.
Astronomical Colloquium: 4:15
p.m., Fri., Jan. 7, Observatory.
Speaker: Miss Ruth Hedeman;
Subject: "Current Status of Mi-
cro-Wave Astronomy."
Seminar in Applied Mathe-
matics: 4:15 p.m., Thurs., 247 W.
Engineering Bldg. Prof. J. Britton
will speak on A Solution of a
Certain Integral Equation; Re-
marks on a New Table of LaPlace
Transforms.
Directed Teaching, Qualifying
Examination: All students expect-
ing to do directed teaching in the
spring term are required to pass a
qualifying examination in the
subject in which they expect to
teach. This examination, for all
fields other than science, will be
held on Saturday, Jan. 8, at 8:30
a.m. Students will meet in the au-
ditorium of the University High
School. The examination will
consume about four hours' time;
promptness is therefore essential.
Please bring bluebooks.
Students who expect to do their
directed teaching in science (bi-
ology, chemistry, physics, general
science) will take the examina-
tion at 1 p.m., Sat., Jan. 8, 1011
University High School.
Notice to Students Planning to
do Directed Teaching: Students
expecting to do directed teaching
for the secondary-school certifi-
cate in the spring term, are re-
quested to secure assignments in
Rm. 2442, University Elementary
School, Thurs., Jan. 13, according
to the following schedule:
English, 8:30-9:30
Social Studies, 9:30-10:30
Science and Mathematics,
10:30-11:30
All foreign languages, 11:30- 12
All others, and any having con-
flicts at scheduled hours, 2-3 or
by appointment.
It is suggested that all students
who have not yet made applica-
tion for the teachers' certificate
in the School of Education office
do so before reporting for their as-
signment.
Concerts
Organ Recital: Patricia Ann
Baumgarten, student of organ
under Frederick Marriott, will be
heard in recital at 8 p.m., Thurs.,
Jan. 6, Hill Auditorium. Her pro-
gram will include compositions by
Buxtehude, Bach, Willan, Peeters
and Dupre, and will be open to the
general public. It is played in par-
tial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor
of Music.
Organ Recital: Elva Wakefield,
student in the School of Music,
will present a program in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the Master of Music degree at 8
p.m., Fri., Jan. 7, Hill Auditorium.
Miss Wakefield has been studying
with Frederick Marriott, and has
planned a program to include
compositions by Bach, Schumann,'
Karg-Elert, Mendelssohn, Vierne,
Jongen, and Franck. The general+
public is invited.
Events Toda
Bill of One-Act Plays will be
presented tonight and tomorrow at

Letters to the Editor..

8 p.m. in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre by the department of
speech. Admission is free to the
public. Three plays will be given,
including "Love and How To Cure
It," by Thornton Wilder, "The
Lovely Miracle," by Paul John-
son, and "Man of Destiny," by
George Bernard Shaw. No tickets
will be required for admission, the
doors of the theare being open at
7:30 p.m. and closed promptly at
8 o'clock.
Movie to be presented by Phi
Lambda Upsilon for chemists and
chemical engineers and all others
interested, 4:15 p.m., 1400 Chem-
istry Bldg. Film: "The Modest
Miracle (The Story of Vitamin
B1).''
Ordnance Film Hour: The last
Ordnance Film Hour of this se-
mester, 7:30 p.m., 301 W. Engi-
neering Annex. Films:
"Storage and Handling of War
Gas," and "How Good is a Gun?"
Due to limited seating and the re-
stricted nature of films shown at-
tendance is limited to Ordnance
ROTC students and Reserve Offi-
cers.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Meeting for all members, 7 p.m.,
Michigan League. All scores will
be turned in for refunds, money
for tickets must be paid, orders for
pictures will be taken, business
and plans will be discussed, and
possibly recordings of the show
will be played.
International Center weekly te
for all foreign students and Ameri-
can friends, 4:30-6 p.m., Interna-
tional Center. Hostesses: Mrs. Cal-
vin 0. Davis and Mrs. Moreau C.
Hunt.
Michigan Crib, Pre-Law Soci-
ety: Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Kellogg
Auditorium. Installation of new
officers. Mr. Russel A. Smith,
secretary of the Law School, will
speak on "Labor Law and Its
Opportunities."
Tau Beta Pi: Meeting, 7 p.m.,
Michigan Union. Election of of-
ficers.
Graduate School Record Con-
cert: 7:45 p.m., East Lounge,
Rackham Bldg.
Bach: Suite No. 2 in B Minor;
Caratelli, flute; Pittsburgh Sym-
phony; Reiner, conducting.
Boccherini: Concerto in B Flat;
Casals, cello; London Symphony;
Ronald, conducting.
Beethoven, Sonata No. 27 in E
Minor, Op. 90; Petri, piano.
Mozart: Concerto No. 15 in B
Flat, k450: Long, piano; National
Symphony; Neel, conducting.
Stravinsky: Symphony in 3
Movements, 1945; N.Y. Philhar-
nonic; Stravinsky, conducting.
All graduate students invited;
silence requested.
Graduate Student Council: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., West Lecture Hall,
Rackham. Election of officers.
Forester's Club: Election of new
officers. Debate on the subject of
controlled burning by the U.S.
Forest Service. The affirmative
will be upheld by Prof. John Car-
row and the negative by Prof. S.
W. Allen. Dean Dana will sum-
marize the results. 7:30 p.m.,
Natural Science Auditorium.

The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
pubication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters.
** *
Health Problem
To the Editor:
PERMIT ME, a recent graduate
of the University of Michigan
Medical School, to comment on
an article in The Daily by a
physician of theiUniversity Health
Service, in which he made cer-
tain statements relevant to the
current problem of national
health.,
This physician, who has done
an excellent job in student health,
has taken it upon himself to com-
pare, in the same breath, the
problems in this country with the
problems involved in a university.
This, it seems to me, is difficult
to do. His practice, in that health
service, has been among people
in the early adultyears, the so-
called "cream of the crop" and
has not involved any more than
the dispensary care of minor ail-
ments, the diagnosis of major ill-
ness and the immediate transfer
to the University hospital of the
latter group. He has not been con-
cerned the long-time, year in,
year out, problem of the elederly
woman, the sickly child, the in-
digent worker, the psycho-neu-
rotic middle-aged woman, etc.
By the very fact that he has
remained in this type of work
(and a very important work it is)
he has eliminated his having to
worry about finances, long hours,
night calls. He has not engaged in
a practice where individualism is
present. And yet-he feels quali-
fied to state that doctors object to
"working under government su-
pervision" because of a fear of
regimentation, loss of individual-
ism and fear of lower fee.s I main-
tam he is far over-reaching him-
self in making such a statement.
This interview, and the state-
ments therein, are typical of the
propaganda being disseminated by
the proponents of socialized med-
icine-broad general statements,
made by people not in a position
to understand the problem, and
yet prominent enough to be im-
pressive. To this type of news-
paper writing, I place myself on
record as being unalterably op-
posed - and I know I am not
alone. I suggest-why do you not
Alpha Phi Omega, National
Service Fraternity: Meeting for all
members, concerning registration,
other urgent projects. 7 p.m.,
Michigan Union.
Young Democrats: Business meet-
ing, 7 p.m., Michigan Union.
U. of M. Radio Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., 1084 E. Engineering
Bldg. Mr. Phil Rogers, W5KJQ,
will speak on the Communication
Engineer's place in Industry.
U. of M. Rifle Club: Firing, 7-
9:30 p.m., ROTC range.
Deutscher Verein: Annual eve-
ning classical music, 8 p.m., Rack-
ham Assembly Room. Ensian pic-
ture will be taken.
La p'tite causette: 3:30 p.m.,
Grill Room, Michigan League.
A.D.A.: Executive Meeting for
officers and committee heads,
4:30 p.m., Michigan Union.
U. of M. Dames Execative
Board: Meeting, 8 p.m., at the

home of Mrs. C. V. Carter, 1130
Hill St.
Coming Events
Undergraduate Psychological
Society: The trip to the Pontiac
State Hospital sponsored by the
U.P.S. will leave Ann Arbor at
12:30 p.m., Fri., Jan. 7. Buses will
be parked on the east side of Hill
Auditorium. Members of the U.P.S.
will have their fares paid from the
treasury. Non-members will be
required to pay a fare to cover the
round trip.
Roger Williams Guild: Party,
8:30 .p.m., Fri., Jan. 7, Guild
House.
Mathematics: A meeting to dis-
cuss Preliminary Examinations
for the Ph.D. degree and the
Summaries, 4:10 p.m., Tues., Jan.
11, 3201 Angell Hall. All interest-
ed persons invited.

interview a private practitioj
an economist, a medical statb
cian, and being a newspaper de
ing in facts, instead of attrac
red herrings?
-R. C. Barlow, '45
"I *y
Thought Control
To the Editor:
On what day did this cou
become totalitarian? Was it b
in 1861 when Abraham Linc
declared that, "This country vi
its institutions belongs to the p.
ple who inhabit it. Whenever t
shall grow weary of the exi
ing government, they can ex
cise their constitutional rights
amending it or their revoluti
ary right to dismember or ov
throw it?"
Or was it back in January
1949 when 12 men came to t
for advocating an,,unpopular p
osophy? To which of these da
can we ascribe thought-cont
that sifting of collective ideas
an arbitrary power?
At the preent time, we are
the midst of the greatest col
hunt in history, the search
Red. We claim that Comniun
brooks no opposition and i
we proceed to indict those
differ with our views.
But this moral inconsistenct
not the only evident contra
tion in our actions. The susp
sion of the Bill of Rights is
more dangerous action. We h
indicted men who have forn
groups to further their id
who have attempted to convi
other people ofmthe desirabi
of their doctrines, and who h
printed matter proclaiming t
ideology. While these actions
in accordance with the
Amendment, they are allegie
contrary to the Smith Act!
while our Constitution
"Congress shall make no law
abridging the freedom of spe
or of the press . ." the Sn
Act declares ". . it shall bei
lawful for any persons to kn
ingly or wilfully advocate, a
Thus, action alone is no lon
under control by law, but thou
becomes its companion. The
plications within the indictme
(brought under the Smith A
should terrify any person ci
cerned with a true evaluation
Civil Rights and Democracy.C
ly the people have the right
taste the forbidden fruit of id
and to consume or reject them
they so desire. It is in the m
ket-place of ideas that this c
belongsand not in a court-ro
For that reason, and betai
a firm belief in Democracy
quires an active fight for
Civil Rights of all, those we ag
with and those that we disp
with, I urge an immediate wi
drawal of the indictments agai
the 12 Communist leaders.
-Hy Bersha

ifty-Ninth Year
1

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