THE MICHIGAN DAMI
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This column is written by
Daily Managing Editor, Harriett Friedman.)
"THINGS ARE SELDOM what they seem"
is an apt description of the current
furor in AVC.
Chairman Dave Babson would have us be-
lieve that the choice for AVC membership
is in either accepting or rejecting Comu-
Our investigations prove otherwise.
It seems just a little naive to me to
assume that all 26 of those who voted for
the resolution (only 8 voted against it)
which Babson describes as "Red," are
Communists or even "Communist sympa-
There might just be a few people around
merely acting as thinking people who don't
believe in kicking Communists out of or-
Many AVC members dislike Shaffer, and
do not care for Communist principles, but
still feel that men have rights to choose
for themselves what groups they shall be-
And that was the issue of the so-called
"Red-line" resolution: whether John Gates,
Daily Worker Editor, should have the right
to decide about belonging to AVC, or whether
the AVC officials should choose for him-by
kicking him out.
Of course, the question of whether a
Communist is automatically,' by defini-
tion, a seditious spy, is also involved. As
far as I know, no court has ever said so,
and perfectly honest members of AVC
might decide to upbraid the national office
for its action, without being "Communist
Communist Shaffer did bring friends to
the AVC meeting, but such pressure tactics
are long-standing customs in AVC and every
other political group.
Any member of AVC could vote, and if
Chairman Babson had been able to round
up enough members on his side, the result
would have been less sensational but would
have been obtained by the same bloc-forcing
And Babson has showed that the "Com-
munist-bloc" technique is not too repulsive
to him to prevent his calling for aid in
packing AVC from the right.
The difference is that it's an easy way
out to call an opponent a Communist now-
What it amounts to is this: Babson and
se en other AVC members do not believe
a Communist has a right to belong to their
group. Twenty-six other members, includ-
ing Ed Shaffer, and certainly some of his.
friends, believed that a man should not
be barred from joining a supposedly lib-
eral veterans group because of his political
I refuse to believe that the expression of
the latter opinion, through the resolutions
passed at the AVC meeting merits "Red
On a greater scale, the question is whether
agreeing with Communists on a specific
issue makes one either a Communist or
Chairman Babson has seen fit to attack
his own organization as monopolized by
Communists. I wonder what the AVC mem-
bership plans to do about it.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: LEON JAROFF
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
WOULD LIKE to try a small analysis of
why the American people are, apparently,
in a conservative mood.
Sometimes a face-saving explanation is
attempted, as in the theory that the peo-
ple are turning to the right because their
newspapers tell them to do so. But many
of their newspapers have been telling them
to -do so since about ten minutes after
Roosevelt's first inauguration, and the
theory does not explain why it has re-
quired fifteen years for the treatment to
And it is obvious that many of the issues
which usually serve to keep the people on
the liberal side are still very much ex-
tant, lack of housing, high prices, the cost
of living pinch. This leads to the startling
thought that whatever impulse it is that's
making the people move to the right must
be even stronger than their normal desires
. And I think they're scared. I think they've
taken a good square look at a fluid world,
and have got the wind up, and it's hard
to blame them. They see France on the
verge of what might become civil war; they
have an immense feeling for France, and the
spectacle stupefies them; it is as if they
were to see Pike's Peak crumbling in a
And here perhaps, we can begin to under-
stand why the Wallace movement has not
gained more adherents. It's jubilant left-
ness, its feeling that we, to a great degree,
are what's wrong with the world, its con-
The AVC Problem
"Gr cious==HI- UIncouthI"
FOR YEARS liberal organizations have
been plagued with the Communist prob-
Through some peculiarity in their make-
up, it seems that the Communists are able
to work a good deal harder, with a great
deal more perseverance, than their friends
of a bit to the right. It is rather difficult for
these latter, because they can watch their
friends of a bit further right sit back and
take it easy. After all, letting things stand
still is much simpler than trying to give
them even a little budge.
Now, however, things have become much
nicer for these liberals. With anti-Red a
national by-word, the liberal groups can
oust the pesty Communists for the na-
This is exactly what the National Planning
Committee of AVC did when it took the
stand that Daily Worker editor Gates could
no longer be a member of their organization.
However, in actuality, the AVC has a clause
in its preamble to back up the action.
Gates' expulsion was AVC's bid to main-
tain their organization on its citizens first,
veterans second basis. Beginning during the
war as the outlet for the young, liberal vet-
eran, AVC has stood for most of the liberal
issues. It has been careful, just the same,
to keep politics as much out of the way as
In the past couple of years AVC has
been much less in the forefront. It has
been slipping from its position directly
opposite the American Legion.
In its last national convention AVC took
the anti-Communist view it has held na-
tionally ever since, and which culminated
in the Gates expulsion.
Perhaps the loss of the Communists who
were insulted by the national stand resulted
in the diminished show of effort of the
AVC. Other veterans have undoubtedly be-
come discouraged with trying to initiate re-
Only the college chapters of the organiza-
tion have remained really vigorous in their
fight for liberal causes. As the vets gaining
most from their service, and united by their
number seeking an education, they have best
been able to do this.
Our University chapter has had a par-
ticularly difficult struggle between the left
and the right elements. Their present of-
ficers were a compromise between the
two extremes. They, have taken the na-
tional view as the chapter view on Com-
With nomination of delegates to the Na-
tional Convention on its agenda the officers
should also have set a discussion of th-
Communist issue. Certainly this will be a
foremost problem at the convention.
However, the methods used to bring the
matter to a vote at the Wednesday night
meeting seemed typical of Communist
"come-early, vote-late" tactics. We are not
surprised that the AVC's officers should
have labeled them as such. The planned
program was diverted, and discussion was
continued until the early morning hours
when most of the membership had gone
home to do homework or out of sheer bore-
It does seem ridiculous that University
veterans should be represented nationally
by the resolution passed at the meeting.
Probably the majority of veterans at
Michigan are much further right in their
views than the present officers of AVC.
But these students, and particularly the
AVC's officers should have been ready to
meet the resolution. We are a bit tired of
hearing people wail about the Communists,
instead of doing something about problems
It will do no good for the veterans to kick
out its Communists and then quietly let
AVC fold up. And, if they are sincere in
wanting to work for their nation and other
vets, they can do it by sheer effort whether
Communists are at their side or on the out-
.side looking in.
_ .^ ..
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, 'the general p01-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
To the Editor:
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p"SMB iME «,A SH++,GTO.t Phi cw . MyX/°" "' ' 'Y
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
ACCORDING TO AP dispatches, British
Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, speak-
ing before the House of Commons on the
Berlin crisis, made the statement that the
Russians are people from whom you cannot
buy peace with concessions.
Now Mr. .Bevin cannot be blamed for
attempting to oversimplify the infinitely
complex diplomatic muddle existing to-
day. His unqualified statement covers all
Russians. It makes no distinction between
the Russian people and their leaders.
Thus, unwittingly, he has warmed the
hearts of Russian propagandists who like to
present their own version of East-West dif-
ferences in ultra-simplified style, because
they know that diplomatic subtleties are in-
comprehensible to the majority of Eastern
Europe's peasants. The Russian propagan-
dists need do no more than broadcast Mr.
Bevin's statement to the Russian mass to
convince them that the West considers all
Russians bent on war.
Mr. Bevin's misleading phrase gives
Russia's leaders another opportunity to
impress the masses in Russia with the fact
that Western hostility does not limit it-
self to Soviet policy but instead overlaps
onto the people. And the Russian people,
denied access to a free press and radio,
cannot resonably be expected to think
Inasmuch as the Russian people have been
receiving little assurance that the Western
attitude toward them differs from the West-
ern attitude toward the official Soviet gov-
ernment, it is essential that our policy mak-
ers emphasize this point in their speeches.
Blanket statements like Mr. Bevin's will do
nothing to allay the fear of the Russian
people that the West knows little and cares
less about actual conditions inside Russia.
Not till the Russian people understand that
they have more than a choice between two
types of slavery will the West win the diplo-
matic battle of Europe.
MATTER OF FACT:
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of
the Assistant to the President, Room
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the
day preceding publication (11:00
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1948
VOL. LIX, No. 5
SUNDAY LIBRARY SERVICE
On all Sundays during the Fall and
Spring terms except during the holiday
periods, and beginning with October 3,
the Main Reading Room and the Pe-
riodical Room of the General Library
will be kept open from 2 p.m. to 9
Books AronWther parts of the build-
ing which are needed for Sunday use
will be made available in the Main
Reading Room if requests are made on
Saturday of an assistant in the read-
ing room where the books are usually
All women's Residences are remind-
ed that sign-outasheets for the weeks
Sept. 13 to 26, are due 5 p.m. Mon.,
Sept. 27, at the Undergraduate
Office, Michigan League.
Closing hours for women students
beginning Sat., Sept. 25, will be in ac-
cordance with Eastern Standard Time:
Saturday night, Sept. 25, closing hour
will be 12:30 am. Eastern Standard
Time OR 1:30 a.m. Daylight Savings
Athletic Coupon Books:
Wed., Sept. 29, will be the last day
that Athletic Coupon Books may be
purchased by University of Michigan
Faculty and Employees, reduced pro-
gram Students, and Students who
wish these books for their wives. This
will be the last day for Students to
exchange coupon six for football tick-
They will be on sale at the Adminis-
tration Bldg., Ferry Field until 4:30 p.m.
on Sept. 29. No exchange or sale of
coupon books will be made after Sept.
IFC Student Book Exchange will be
open to return all unsold books to stu-
dents. Hours 3-5 p.m., R .3-C Micli-
gan Union. Books may be obtainld
Sept. 27 thru Oct. 1.
Householders who need baby sitters
will receive assistant by calling the
Office of the Dean of Women, 3-1511,
The Women's Judiciary Council, con-
sisting of three juniors and three sen-
iors, works in conjunction with the Of-
fice of the Dean of Women to formu-
late house rules and acts as a disci-
plinary board in casesof infraction of
All University women students re-
siding in organized undergraduate
houses, including graduate students,
must observe all house rules. The same
applies to guests of residents.
Any student expecting to be out of
her house after 7:30 p.m. must register
the occasion and place, and, if out of
town, the complete address.
No local telephone calls may be re-
ceived or sent after 11 p.m. All local
calls must be limited to five minutes.
No outgoing long distance calls may be
made after 11 p.m. without special ar-
rangement with the house president or
the house head. In case of emergency,
incoming long distance calls may be
received after 11 p.m.
Quiet hours shall be fixed by the in-
dividual houses, and their enforcement
shall be supervised by the house pres-
ident and the Judiciary Council. Call-
ing hours for men are Monday through
Friday at 3 p.m. Saturday and Sunday.
the hours are decided by the individ-
ual house. Sunday, closing hours 11
p.m. Guests must leave premises 11
p.m. Monday, closing hours 10:30 p.m.
Guests must leave premises 10:30 p.m.
Tuesday, closing hours 10:30 p.m.
Guests must leave premises 10:30 p.m.
Wednesday, closing hour 10:30 p.m.
Guests must leave premises 10:30 p.m.
Thursday, closing hour 10:30 p.m.
Guests must leave premises 10:30 p.m.
Friday, closing hour 12:30 a.m. Guests
must leavS premises 12:25 a.m. Satur-
day, closing hours 12:30 a.m. Guests
must leave premises 12:25 a.m.
Girls who attend the following events
must be in the house one-half hour
after their termination:
1. Parties that are late dances by per-
mission of Committee on Student Af-
2. Choral Union Concerts and May
3. Oratorical Association Lectures.
4. Dramatic Season lays.
5. Their own class functions, which
have been authorized by University au-
6. Play production, special lectures,
and functions in the Lydia Mendels-
Note: Freshmen must attend plays
on week-end nights when such plays
run throughout the week.
Any student who finds that she may
be more than thirty minutes late over
any late permission shall notify her
house director of her expected lateness
and probable time of return to the
Any girl who violates the house rules
and is brought before the Judiciary
Council may be placed on social pro-
Undergraduate women: Each organ-
ized undergraduateswomen's residence
is required to choose a house president
and to establish quite hours by the end
of the second week of classes. The
names of the house director, president,
and signout sheet official (if a person
other than the president is in charge
of these), and a list of quiet hours
must be turned in to the Women's Ju-
diciary Council, Undergraduate Office,
Michigan League by Fri., Oct. 1. This
applies to all dormitories, sororities,
and league houses where undergrad-
uate women reside.
Doctoral Examination for Stanley
Cohen, Biological Chemistry; thesis:
"The Nitrogenous Metabolism of the
Earthwormn," 1 :15 p.m., Mon., Sept. 27,
313 W. Medical Bldg. Chairman, H. B.
Quiz Sections for Philosophy 34 are
posted outside Rm. 205 Mason Hall, 348
W. Engineering Bldg.; Philosophy 31
outside Rm. 205 Mason Hall.
Malwina ties Seminars: organiza-
uional meeting, 4 p m., Mon., Sept. 27,
"a. 3011 Angell Hall.
Physics courses 181 and 183 meet on
Tues., Sept. 28. Course 181, 10 a.m., Rm.
1047. Course 183, 1 p.m., Rm. 2051.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, 2:15 pn., Sun.,
Saturday Luncheon Discussion group
12:15 p.m.. Lane Hall. For reservations
call Lane Hall before 10 a.m. today.
Undergraduate Psychology Society:
Dr. Theodore Newcomb, Sociology and
Psychology Departments, will speak on
"Some Aspects of Human Motivation
in Groups," 7:30 p.m., Mon., Sept. 27,
Alpha Kappa Psi, professional busi-
ness fraternity: Open house for pros-
pective pledges, 2-4 p.m., Sun., Sept.
26, chapter house.
International Center Reception for
new foreign students, 7:30 p.m., Mon.,
Sept. 27, League Ballroom:
Gilbert and Sullivan society: Meet-
ing, 3 p.m., Sun., Sept. 26, Michigan
Graduate Outing Club: Meet for hik-
ing, Sun., Sept. 26, 2:30 p.m., north-
west entrance, Rackham Bldg. Sign up
at Rackham check desk before noon
U. of M. Hot Record Society: Meeting,
8 p.m., Sun., Sept. 26, Michigan League.
Election of officers.
Russian Circle Get-Acquainted meet-
Miss Gloria Hunter, in her eval-1
uation of the film, Anna Karenina,
! has somge to-be-expected remarks
to make about the movie as a+
whole, but in her last paragraph
she is not only unperceptive but
has made one obvious mistake in
fact and perhaps a second and
even more ludicrous one.
She refers to the film as a Hol-
lywood product. It is not. It was
produced in England with an
Her dismissal of Ralph Richard-
son, his "only claim to fame seems
to be a very trick (an unintelli-
gible expression) mustache," Is
not only a mistatement of fact
but shows an amazing lack of sen-
sitivity or critical grasp.
Ralph. Richardson's principal
"claim to fame" is his acting abil-
ity as a member of London's Old
Vic Theater, an organization
whose reputation must have
reached Miss Hunter, not his
How Miss Hunter managed to
miss the intelligence and. reality
of Richardson's Karenin I do not
know. This one part was han-
dled not' only well but brilliantly
in contrast with the rather medi-
ocre level of the rest of the act-
ing. Miss Hunter complains that
Karenin is not shown as a "Great
Lover." He is not supposed to be
a great lover, but rather, a man
who loves greatly.
Is it possible Miss Hunter that
you were so occupied with your
popcorn that you have confused
Ralph Richardson, who played
Karenin, Miss Leigh's husband,
with Kieron Moore, who played
Prince Vronsly, Miss Leigh's lover?
You understand, of course, that
Miss Leigh played Anna Karenina.
To The Editor:
BEFORE all of the good citi-
zens of the state become con-
vinced that Communists are tak-
ing over the University of Michi-
gan campus, perhaps we should
consider a few additional facts
about the situation in, the Ameri-
can Veterans Committee chapter
Very true, the meeting which
passed a "party-line resolution"
was "packed" by about thirty sup-
porters of Ed Shaffer, one of the
campus' three admitted Commu-
What is probably not too evi-
dent off the campus is that this
figure is very close to the full sup-
port which Shaffer can muster.
Further, there was nothing il-
legal about Shaffer's packing of
the meeting. He had a "hard
core" of about thirty. When the
vote was taken there were only
about 40 members left, although
the chapter has a membership of
When the students who repre-
sent the other point of view fail to
show up (and I was among that
number), Shaffer can win by de-
fault as has been evident before.
The situation is analogous to
our national elections. When
there is a small vote, a minority
can elect an extremist Congress.
With a large turnout, the decision
is. more truly representative of
the group, whether it be the cam-
pus AVC chapter or the nation at
There can be little doubt that
a meeting of the full membership
will reverse Shaffer's resolution.
The solution to this problem lies
not with the "Callahan-type" of
mind or in the passage of the
Mundt-Nixon bill, but in the
awakening of a larger portion of
the so-called "right-wing liber-
ing 8 p.m. Mon., Sept. 27, International
Classes in Hebrew: Meeting, 8 p.m.
Wed., Sept. 29, Hillel Foundation.
Blue-Jeans Party: 3 p.m., Sun., Sept.
26, Hillel Foundation.
Hillel News: Open staff meeting, 4
p.m., Tues., Sept. 28, Hillel Foundation.
Wallace Progressives: Open meeting,
7 p.m., Mon., Sept. 23, Michigan Union.
als" and in their expenditure of
a fraction of the energy which
the Communists exhibit on the
To the Editor:
THE AMERICAN Veteran Com-
mittee reversed itself at the
recent explosive meeting by can-
celling the proposed Civil Rights
forum. The reason is that the
forum will not be held until the
Board of Regents' ban on political
speakers is lifted. In the mean-
time, a- vigorous campaign aimed
at removal of the ban will be
waged. The cancellation of the
Civil Rights forum is one of the
issues that demonstrates clearly
the fundamental split that threat-
ens the campus chapter of AVC
and over which the present fight
is now waging.
One group in AVC (this group
held the majority at the last meet-
ing) wants the forum cancelled
until the ban is lifted so that men
like Carl Winter could speak' on
campus. They would fight the Re-
gents' ban but would not hold the
The summerhexecutive commit-
tee voted to hold the forum in
which it would publicly, before a
student audience, blast the Re-
gents' ruling and expose and ex-
plain other breaches of civil lib-
erties. It also favors a campaign
against the ban.
The group that voted to cancel
the forum has motives other than
defending civil liberties. That
group is more interested in de-
fending the indicted Communists
as such than fighting for civil
This group who claims to be a
champion of civil liberties is now
willing to forego a civil liberties
forum completely because the Uni-
versity has breached those liber-
ties. In this respect their stand
parallels the position taken by
some of the same individuals on
the Czech rally last semester. Then
as now, civil liberties were
breached but they were unwilling
to participate in an open forum.
They prefer no forum to a forum
without Mr. Winter. In this re-
spect it is evident that that group
in AVC is intent on using the
campus chapter for its own pur-
I write to expose that group
whose aims are not the aims of
AVC. I expose this present issue
because no matter how righteous
their stand appears, the intent is
This is a plea for the veterans
on campus to aid us who intend
to fight this un-AVC-like element
in the campus chapter.
By STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON -- The comfortable Cri-
mean dacha of Josef Stalin, according to
reliable reports, has lately been receiving
a steady stream of satellite Communist lead-
ers. Romania's Ana Pauker was the first to
make the pilgrimage, shortly after the Bel-
grade conference, but Bulgaria's Dimitrov,
Hungary's Rakosi and Czech'oslovakia's
Gottwald and Klementis have followed her,
to pay homage to the aging dictator and to
receive his orders. For some reason no
Polish leader, so far as is known, has yet
made the pilgrimage.
The dacha has doubtless been the scene
of discussions on Berlin and the question
of the succession to the dead Andrei Zhda-
nov's post in the Cominform has probably
also been considered. But the chief pur-
pose of the satellite pilgrimage to Crimea,
it is believed, has been to settle the fate
of the rebellious Marshal Tito. And, from
information now available, a fairly ac-
curate picture of Stalin's timetable for Tito
can be pieced together.
The timetable has already been upset by
the shooting some weeks ago of Yugoslav
General Arso Yevanovitch, Tito's war-time
comrade-in-arms, as he attempted to cross
the Yugoslav frontier. Yevanovitch, it has
now been learned, had been chosen by Mos-
cow to become the instrument of Tito's
downfall, and his successor. He had served
with the Red Army and was considered en-,
tirely loyal to the Kremlin. Accordingly, ar-
rangements were made for him to leave
Belgrade on the plane of Madame Pauker,
Tito's arch-enemy, at the end of the Danube
conference. He was then to be groomed to
lead an anti-Tito putsch, with the full sup-
port of the Kremlin and the satellites.
* * *
THE PLAN MISFIRED. The O.Z.N.A., the
efficient Yugoslav secret police, discov-
ered what was up before the Pauker plane
took off. Yevanovitch tried to escape but he
was caught and shot, not, it is believed, by
a simple frontier guard, but by a special
duty to kill Tito if the opportunity arises.
The O.Z.N.A. will certainly have its hands
full in protecting the life of the Yugoslav
Meanwhile, the economic squeeze on Yu-
goslavia by the Soviet sphere will be further
tightened in an effort to weaken Tito's hold
on his country. Already Russia, Albania and
Romania have cut off supplies including the
oil which Tito desperately needs. If nec-
essary, the Kremlin will certainly order the
extension of this blockade to all the satellite
countries, although this will be economically
painful, especially to Hungary and Czecho-
* * *
SUCH ARE almost certainly the Krem-
lin's plans, which have now been con-
veyed to the satellite leaders in Crimea.
Their scope suggests how very painful a
thorn in the Kremlin's side Tito must be.
The plain fact is that the Kremlin con-
siders a wholly reliable Yugoslavia stra-
tegically essential in case of war. But what
are the West's plans for Tito? For it is
pretty obvious that for economic reasons
alone Tito cannot indefinitely hold out
against this kind of pressure from the
East, without some measure of economic
support from the West.
Tito has the wherewithal, including copper
and bauxite, for fairly extensive trade with
the West, provided he is willing to trade.
And, bar a wholly unanticipated reconcilia-
tion with Moscow, the pressures which the
Kremlin is already bringing to bear will cer-
tainly force Tito to turn more and more
to the West for economic support. That
support should be, and almost certainly will
be, forthcoming. No one suggests that Tito
has suddenly become a simon-pure demo-
crat. But in the context of the grim struggle
which is now in progress, we must support
Tito simply because it is in our interest to,
(Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune Inc.)
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authority of the Board in Control of
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The children are quite all right.
We'll leave them alone again for
a while. To adjust to each other
and to the Kindergarten room-
I can't wait for th
K all day. That Kin
E R won't last much I