100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

December 04, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-12-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


TIME FOR A
CHANGE
See Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

11a i4p

FAIR,
"VERY MILD

VOL. LIX, No. 63 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, DEC. 4, 1948
oi

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Chinese Reds
Swing North
At HwaiRiver
Nationals Move
South of Suchow
NANKING - (P) - Communist
columns on the Hwai River line
100 miles from Nanking swung
back north to meet the threat of
large Chinese government forces
marching south from Suchow.
THE GOVERNMENT'S Suchow
garrison abandoned Suchow Dec.
1 and has moved possibly 40 miles
south, confronted only by small
Communist holding forces.
This former Suchow garrison
is in three army groups, the sec-
ond, 13th and 16th, totalling
about 250,000 men but estimat-
ed to have 110,000 effective
fighting troops.
Its evident mission is to make
contact with the government 12th
army group of 100,000 men tightly
encircled by an equal number of
Communists 30 miles further
southwest.
SIXTY MILES southeast, the
government sixth and eighth army
groups of 80,000 men are holding
a -salient north of the Hwa River
line.
Seven Communist columns
under Gen. Chen Yi have been
attacking the Hwai River sal-
ient.
To rescue the 12th army group,
the former Suchow garrison faces
the prospect of a 30-mile fighting
advance, plus another 30 miles to
reach the Hwait River salient.
* 4 *
WHEN AND WHERE the issue
would be joined remained in
doubt.
Authoritative government
military quarters meanwhile
confirmed the abandonment of
Suchow and its seizure by the
Communists.
Government quarters also dis-
closed that Nanking's immediate
defenses were being strengthened
by ordering in some 35,000 troops
from the Hankow area, 300 air
miles Southwest of this capital.
These reinforcements were de-
scribed as now en route.
* * *
DESPITE repeated government
vows to defend Nanking, the civil-
ian populationi was steadily mov-
ing to safer places. Travel of any
sort was becoming increasingly
dangerous, however.
Reds Ejected
From Berlin
Election Rally
Social Democrats
Bounce Hecklers
BERLIN -( -Fighting mad
Social Democrats in West Berlin
threw Communist invaders out of
their election campaign rally and
served defiant notice that they are
"too tough" to bend under red
dictatorship.
The Communist hecklers, fol-
lowing a week-long pattern, tried
to break up one of the final ral-
lies of the powerful social demo-
cratic party and bumped into
hard and willing fists.

SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC party
guards bounced a half dozen of
the hecklers around. Then party
physicians waiting at a specially-
erected first aid station dressed
the victims' cuts and bruises.
Use of guards by various par-
ties to protect their meetings
from street fighters dates back
to pre-1933 days when Nazi and
Communist strong-arm gangs
fought in Berlin streets.
After order was restored tonght,
Ernst Reuter, who is expected to
be made mayor after next Sun-
day's election, cried:
* ~* *'
"WE KNOW who our foe is but
he does not know how tough we
are."
Reuter accused German Commu-
nists of playing a Judas game:
"They have sold out their own
people for 30 pieces of silver."
Then hie shouted:
"The airlift is working day
anh night, proof that the world
will not desert us, We will hold
out until that day when this
power retreats which does not

State Uni
Cooperate

ins May

France Asks InternationalRuhr

with

UU

On Labor Courses
By DAVE THOMAS
Labor will support the University's reorganized worker's educa-
tion program if certain points are cleared up to labor's satisfaction,
said William Kemsley, educational director of the state CIO, here
last night.
He and other labor leaders attended a meeting of the Worker's
Educational Service advisory committee in Provost James P. Adams'
office yesterday.
ORGANIZED LABOR had previously declared that it would
boycott the program unless it was restored exactly as it had functioned
before its suspension last September.
After the lengthy three-hour session the Council was reported
to be agreed on the general scope of the revised program. The
Council is made up of state labor leaders, University officials,
and two private citizens.
Courses to be offered will include collective bargaining, labor-
management relations, time study, parliamentary procedure, general
economics, labor law, industrial health and safety and other subjects
designed to help the worker in his job and as a citizen, the Council
said.

M'

**e
Cagers

Meet

State

n

ev
Big 9 Champs
Open Season
MinusElliott
Morrill To Start
Contest at Guard
By ROG GOELZ
The second of Michigan's de-
fending champions will present its
1948 squad to the Wolverine faith-
ful at 7:30 p.m. when coach Ernie
McCoy sends his veteran cagers
against the highly regarded Spar-
tans of Michigan State.
The announcement has a fa-
miliar ring, for exactly three
months ago the Wolverines were
in the same situation.
In September, the Big Nine
football titlists sought first blood
against the Spartans. Now the
basketball champions are at-
tempting the same thing.
The cagers, like the Wolverine
gridders, will be entering a stren-
uous campaign under a first year
'head coach, McCoy, who is no
newcomer, however, to the Michi-
gan scene or to hardwood tactics.
Like head football boss Bennie

C
Music Lot
CINCINNATI-(P)-A
tion Army band playi
Old Rugged Cross" in
a department store w~
denly fronted by a mx
thrust a handful o
money at the musician
"I have always loved
to Salvation Army ba
explained, "because t
their whole heart and
their music."
It was James C.
head of the American
tion of Musicians.
Bdud getI
By Servi
Sqelh

, x ,

,

THIS ANNOUNCEMENT presumably quieted labor's fears that
the new program would be a watered-down version with only
general humane subjects being taught.
Labor has insisted that any program which they would sup-
port must contain principally courses which could be practically
applied to their economic efforts.

be
of

Kemsley expressed confidence that the controversial points can
ironed out by January 15, the tentative date for the resumption
the program.

S * * 4
VICTOR REUTHER, educational director of the UAW-CIO, was
also optimistic over the possibilities of a settlement of the debated
questions. "Labor will support the program if the solution of the
final details move in the direction started today," he said.
Reuther had previously labeled the revised program as "com-
pletely unacceptable."
Provost Adams commended the cooperative spirit shown by
the Advisory Council. "Genuine progress has been made," he
declared. A number of helpful suggestions were made by the
Council at this meeting, he said.
"With this kind of cooperative effort, the program should be
very beneficial and one in which all our people will take pride," he
predicted.
COMMUNIST AIRS CASE:
Gates Asserts Attempt
Made To Outlaw VParty

CHRISTMAS IS FOR EVERYBODY--Children in University
Hospital won't be done out of a holiday celebration if you help
Galens' Christmas Drive today. Funds from thq drive pay for a
Christmas party, and the Galens' Childrens' Workshop, a corner
of which is pictured above. Equipment in the shop is used by the
children under supervision in the construction of wooden, plastic,
leather afnd cloth articles.
* * * *
DRIVE ENDS TODAY:
eChildren at U' Hospital

By BUDDY ARONSON
The indictment of the 12 Amer-
ican Communist leaders is aimed
at outlawing the Communist Party
in the U. S., declared John Gates,
Daily Worker editor, in an inter-
view yesterday with a Daily re-
porter.
Gates, one of the 12 Commu-
nists awaiting federal trial in New
York on Jan. 12, stopped off in
Ann Arbor during his mid-western
speaking tour, in which he is Pre-
senting his case to labor unions
and other organizations.
* * *
"WE ARE NOT accused of any
acts, merely of ideas," said the
softspoken veteran of the Spanish
and Second World Wars.
Citing the' two indictments
against the group, Gates said
the first, a collective indictment,
"charges us only with conspir-
ing to form a political party
which advocates Marxism and
Leninism.",
"The individual indictment
charges us with being members of
a political party which advocates
Marxism and Leninism," he said.
"The accusation is upheld that
we are guilty merely because we
are members of the party, the ef-
fect is to outlaw the Party, de-
spite denials by those who favor
the indictments, Gates empha-
sized.
4 " *
"THIS IS NOT law at all, but
the absence of law," he charged.
Asked what he thought the con-
sequences of a conviction would
be, Gates replied, "History shows
that the supression of the Commu-
nist Party has always led to the
loss of democratic liberties.".
Fascism, he said, has always
beenathe inevitable result.
Gates charged the government
with two ulterior motives in in-
dicting himself and his 11 as-
sociates, including William Z.
Foster, American Communist
Party Chairman, and Carl Win-
ter, chairman of the Michigan
Communist Party.
He said that the action was a
vote-getting device, "Purposely in-
troduced in July in the midst of
the election campaign when Tru-

Gates said that his solution to
the cold war was for the U. S. to
sit down and negotiate with Rus-
sia, either in the United Nations
or out of it.

Hemisphere
Defense Pact
Takes Effect,
WASHINGTON-(A')-A defense
pact designed to muster the com-
bined strength of the American
republics against any aggressor
went into force today.
Secretary of State Marshall
said the action "will be noted with
interest far beyond the American
continent."
4 * *
THE AGREEMENT for collec-
tive action in case of attack was
drafted last year at Rio De Jan-
eiro.
It became effective today
when Costa Rica gave the pact
its necessary two-thirds depos-
it of ratifications. She was 14th
out of 21 nations to act.
Costa Rica's ambassador, Mario
Esquivel, signed the documents in
a ceremony at the Pan American
Union here.

The Wolverine Club will pre-
sent a halftime program of ef.-
tertainment at the basketball
game tonight, Don Greenfield,
Publicity Director announced.
Joe Stone will MC the show and
Adele Hager will play the banjo
and sing songs as part of the
program.
Oosterbaan, McCoy played. his
basketball for Michigan. And lke
Oosterbaan, McCoy has been as-
sistant coach in both sports. Al-
though always a bridesmand, Mc-
Coy turned the tables by inherit-
ing the head coach's halter from
Ozzie Cowles.
In tonight's introductory game
Michigan will start five regulars
from last season, and the only fa-
miliar face missing from the line
up will be Pete Elliott, *who is
still rounding into form after his
late start following the football
season.
Rangy Hal Morrill will start in
place of Elliott and is expected to
show the same form that paced
Michigan to last year's title.
Veterans Mack" Suprunowicz
and Boyd McCaslin will hold down
Michigan's offensive positions and
both figured high in Conference
scoring last year.
Suprunowicz was the spearhead
of last year's squad, and made the
top showing for the Wolverines in
their NCAA playoff game against
Holy Cross.
At center, McCoy can count on
big (6'7") Bill Roberts who rivaled
McIntyre of Minnesota for confer-
ence honors.
Bob Harrison and Hal Morrill
will hold down the guard positions
to round out the Michigan quin-
tet. Both turned in stellar per-
formances against Ohio State and
Iowa last year.
The Wolverines start this year's
campaign with strong reserve
strength in Bill Mikulich and Bill
Bauerle at forwakds; and Joe
Stottlebauer at guard.
Encouraging to McCoy is the
fast rounding into shape of Pete
Elliott stellar guard on last year's
champion quintet.
See SEASONED, Page 3

By FREDERICA WINTERS
Today, for the last time this
year, you will have a chance to be
given a Galens Christmas Drive
tag. which shows that you have
helped the honorary medical so-
ciety give a Merry Christmas and
Perry Defines
U.S. Aspects
Of Democracy
Americans find it hard to un-
derstand Soviet Russia's claim to
democracy because the United
States has stressed political as-
pects of democracy while the Rus-
sians stress social aspects.
Prof. Ralph Barton Perry, noted
philosopher from Harvard Uni-
versity, gave this interpretation in
the final Cook Series lecture yes-
terday, on "American Democracy."
"DEMOCRACY CONSISTS of
two distinct but inter-dependent
parts," he explained, "which may
be designated as political and so-
cial democracy."
He defined control of govern-
ment by the people-at-large as
the essence of the political type.
"In a true democracy each citi-
zen shares both in the political
control and in the benefits of so-
ciety," Prof. Perry declared, al-
though, he added, "they need not
advance abreast."
* * *
SELFISHNESS, the original sin,
and massed uniformity of com-
munication, Prof. Perry warned,
are the chief enemies of American
democracy.
Freedom of thought, including
free communication, assembly and
association, he believes, is the most
prized freedom. Racial prejudice,
police-state type investigations
and cliches he declared are "the
dark clouds" endangering it.

a Happier New Year to the child-
ren in University Hospital.
Twenty collection buckets,
manned by members of Galens,
are located all over campus and
the downtown area ready to re-
ceive your contribution.
NICKELS, dimes,,quarters and
dollars go into those buckets, and
Christmas parties, toys, victrolas,
games, bicycles, books, and play
equipment of all kinds come out.
Since 1928 Galens has sup-
ported the Children's Workshop
at 'U' Hospital. Here, hospital-
ized youngsters take part in
group and individual activities
designed to help them learn new
skills and develop the ones they
have.
The licensed teacher in the
Shop, also financed by Galens,
helps children with individual
projects and coordinates play and
learning units in which many
children participate.
ONE OF THESE units is the
study of bees, for which Galens
has provided a bee hive, and books
and pictures dealing with bees.
Recently the youngsters com-
pleted a uniton the making of
bread which started with a
movie on the subject and ended
with the children eating minia-
ture loaves of bread which they
had baked with the aid of the
teacher.
A new recording machine is
now being used so that children
can record their voices. Often the
records are given to youngsters'
parents while the children are
still in the hospital.
IRA Jam Session
The Inter Racial Association
will sponsor a jam session at 8
p.m. tomorrow in the League.
Presented as a benefit drive for
I.R.A. activities, the program will
feature top-flight jazz artists.
There will be an,admission charge
of $.42. The program is open to
the public.

WASHINGTON-(P)-
Truman, struggling w
year's budget, clamped
"silence" order today
Armed Forces and othe
seeking to convince t
they need more money.
Family quarrels abo
should be kept in the fa
the sense of a letter h
the Army, Navy and A
and all other governm
cies.
* * *
THE LETTER urged
partments to "exercise
caution" in talking abo
affairs and said the pu
to "prevent any premE
nouncements."
At the White Hous
said the letter was "no
on the departments. 7
less, it set off a series
tives by the Secretarie
three Armed Services
personnel to keep the
arguments out of thi
eye. The Army even+
the relevant figures as
The letter came in1
of a rising number of
stories describing the r
each service to Mr. Trun
posal that the overal
budget for the next f
beginning next July 1,1
to $15,000,000,000.
Mundt Rev
SecurityLt
WASHINGTON - (
House Un-American
Committee declared tha
of microfilms, found in
pumpkin on a Maryl
offers conclusive evid
national security inform
"fed out of the Stat
ment" before the war.
Rep. Mundt (Rep.,E
made the announceme
half of the committee
microfilms were obtai
Whittaker Chambers,
scribed former Comm
now is a senior editor
Magazine.
Mundt's statement r
"These microfilms1
the object of a ten-y
by agents of the U.S. g
and provide definite pr
of the most extensive
rings in the history oft
States."

TOni i-..
er B onnet Gives
g "The 3-Point Plan
front of
as sud- t.
n For Control
f paper
is.
to listen German Owners
nids," he
hey gut Favored by U.S.
soul into
WASHINGTON -()- France
Petrillo' proposed a three-point plan to the
Federa- United States to keep the Ruhr
from serving again as a German
war arsenal.
The French formula would con-
(a lk tinue international controls even
after occupation troops have left
Germany.
ces* * *
FRENCH AMBASSADOR Hen-
ri Bonnet told newsmen the plan
Id is "also in the interest of Ger-
many-and I want to emphasie
that because we want to see Ger-
-President many's economy eventually' inte-
ith next grated into the economy of Eur-
a virtual O2-".
on the Bonnet presented the plan in
r agencies a formal note to Under Secre-
he public retary of State Lovett.
ut money Earlier this week, France had
amily, was objected vigorously to a British-
re sent to American program to hand over
ir Force- limited control of the vast Ruhr
ent agen- industries to the Germans. The
French assembly, mindful of the
Ruhr's war-making potentialities,
the de- voted 377-181 last night to re-
extreme pudiate any such action.
ut budget ' * *
rpose was BUT LOVETT made it clear to
ature an- hewsmen in Washington yester-
day that the United States-while
e, it was determined to prevent a rebirth of
ot a gag" German military might-pans 1g
Neverthe- go ahead with the program ocf
of direc- limited German management as a
es of the stimulus to Germany's post-war
to their recovery.
ir money
e public France has insisted that Ger-
classified many must never regain full
s secret. control of the Ruhr which pro-
the midst vided 70 per cent of Hitler's
published armants.
'eaction of "We think the proposals we are
man's pro- making now are exteremely mod-
l military erate," the French ambassador
iscal year, told reporters. "We think'they are
be limited in the interest of Europe and also
the United States.
THE FRENCH note comes but
''~ two days after the State Depart-
h ment sent France a note which
turned down French objections to
the British-American plan.
t) - The Bonnet said the French go-
Activities ernment's proposals called for:
t a bunch
n a hollow De-cartelization of the many
and farm German combines and corpora-
ence that tions in the Ruhr-"a very im-
nation was portant point."
e Depart- Continued allied control over
production of coal, steel and coke
S.D.), who industries and a voice in distribu-
nt on be- tion of investments these factories
said the might make.
ned from
a self-de- * * L o
unist who o
r on Time
For Palestine
have been
ear search ets ",
overnment
roofone
espionage PARIS-(P)-The UN Political
the United Committee virtually approved a
British proposal setting up a three-
nation Palestine conciliation

Commission without specific di-
rectives after defeating another
British proposal designed to unite
Arab Palestine to Trans-Jordan.
h t COMMITTEE DECSION kill-
ing the British plan which would
have thrown Arab Palestine into
the lap of Abdullah came as re-
hnson for ports from the Middle East said
ritten on the ruler might proclaim himself
canvas of monarch of a United Palestine and
remided Trans-Jordan in a few days.
reminded The committee thus knocked
"vote for out the last important refer-
ence to the Bernadotte Plan in
Domnangue the American-supported Mrt-
ere broad- ish resolution on Palestine.
on and men On the basis of the Political
Committee's actions Australian,
New Zealand, American and Rus-
sian informants said it was in-

'ASSOCIA TION PROBLEM'S SOLUTION':
Johnson Sees His Election Aid in Prejudice Fi

1-

- <

Val Johnson, new senior class
president, believes his position as
the first Negro elected to such
a post on the campus, will do a
great deal to improve race rela-
tionships.
"'I think it's really a matter of
getting acquainted with the dif-
ferent races," Johnson told The
Daily. "I've always believed asso-
ciation and acquaintance were the
real solutions to the problem."

and fails to do the type of job
he promised," he said.
The tall, wiry, 21 year old sen-
ior who lives at Greene House,
East Quad, is looking forward to
a career in the foreign service or
exhorting and importing in Latin
America.
HIS HOME is in Detroit where
he was treasurer of his senior

"I don't feel dubious about
being the first Negro to hold
such a position here," Johnson
said, "because I've had lots of
experience in being the first in
a great many situations."
Johnson believes that if a Negro
succeeds among others of differ-
ent races, he stands out because
there is no tendency towards
stereotyping. He recalls children

dorms with "Val Jol
Senior president wt
them, and a telephone
all seniors who were
by a recorded poem to
Val Johnson."
The voices of Norris
and Kay Woodruff w
cast to the senior wome
respectively.
*_ . *- .*

i

.:. <_::

A I

i

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan