T H E MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1948
_.. ~ __
Editor's Note is written by Managing Editor
RECENT EVENTS, including a meeting of
the National Interfraternity Confer-
ence, call for further comment on the
fraternity discrimination question.
At its annual session last week, the Con-
ference proposed a resolution affecting
membership qualifications, which was then
deferred to the 58 member fraternities for
study preliminary to decision next year.
The most important sentence of this
resolution reads: "The conference, how-
ever, believes that the fraternity system
will flourish better if the character and
personality of the individual are regarded
as paramount, rather than his race, color,
religion, or nationality."
The exact effectiveness of this sentiment
should be weighed partly in relation to a
preceding sentence, which assertd the right
of a fraternity to make whatever restric-
tions it sees fit, including religious, racial
or nationality qualifications.
Despite the seeming contradiction, I do
not mean to imply that the conference's
statement is of no value, for it at least
shows a recognition of the fact that fra-
ternities must find some answer to the
And, as a minimum, the resolution sen-
tence does express a wish that the fra-
ternity system would operate without spe-
cial membership blocs of race, color, re-
ligion or nationality.
But the road to truly effective action on
fraternity discrimination will be long and
winding. In another vote taken at the con-
ference, on the question "should fraterni-
ties that have discriminatory clauses in their
constitutions in regard to color eliminate
such clauses?" 25 voted no; 12 yes; 18 ab-
The men who supported a resolution for
non-discriminatory fraternity membership
qualifications still aren't ready to put that
resolution into practice.
Perhaps the individual fraternity men
and chapters can do a better job of back-
ing up that resolution than their delegates
to the Interfraternity Conference. Seven
Michigan fraternities have already voiced
support of the resolution.
If many more join in, and take a de-
cided stand, rather than waiting for some-
one to force their hand, next year's con-
ference may produce a more straightfor-
ward answer to the problem.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: AL BLUMROSEN
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
IN EFFECT, the United States and Russia
are waiting for each other's crisis.
It is only on this basis that the global stra-
tegies of the two parties make sense. If you
suspect that your opponent is going to grow
steadily stronger over the years, you make
peace, or, if so inclined, you make war, but
you don't arrange a standoff. The meaning
of the present deadlock can only be that
each party, in some way, expects an in-
crease in relative strength over its rival;
progress for itself and misfortune for the
If Washington conversation is any
gauge, we feel that the Russian crisis will
be a crisis of confidence. We seem to ex-
pect that, after a number of years, the
Russians will realize they cannot under-
mine the West, and that when they realize
they are blocked, that they can't go
through us, around us, or over us, they
will make peace. It is perhaps our expec-
tation, too, that the crisis of confidence
will extend to the Russian people.
All this is by sway of setting up a frame in
which to consider President Truman's anti-
inflation program. In a period in which the
world is playing the grim game of crisis,
crisis, who has the crisis, an anti-inflation
program is as important a part of our over-
all approach to the future as our military
program. Even more important, because an
anti-inflation, anti-depression program is
the non-belligerent part of our appproach.
But here, I think, American opinion will
split into two wings. For not everybody
among us who hopes that Russia will, in
some way, undergo a crisis, is prepared to
back positive American action to avoid
a crisis of our own. There is that conserv-
ation contingent which hopes that the
world will be magically saved from Com-
munism solely through Russian ill-luck,
Victory for the President's anti-inflation
program will (if it is an adequate program)
be a sign, large or small, that in the great
battle of the crisis, we don't propose to
have any. It will mean that we can go on
to other measures to give the people enough
security and purchasing power to avert de-
pression. It will mean that instead of wait-
ing, in a sporting spirit worthy of a more
frivolous cause, to see whose crisis will
come first, we~ are taking positive steps to
A VC Decision
"The Common People Are- Getting Restless"
THERE COMES A TIME in the life of
every man when he must choose be-
tween personal gain and principle.
The American Veterans Committee was
called upon to make this choice at its na-
tional convention last week. AVC had to
decide whether to judge all persons holding
certain political beliefs, guilty by associa-
tion and thereby win public favor; or to
continue in the best democratic traditions
to judge each person on the basis of indi-
Unhappily, AVC took the easy way out.
The nation's only liberal veterans organiza-
tion chose to part with its ideals in a
concerted bid for popular support. AVC
voted to expel Communists from its ranks
and to illegalize their future entry into the
group, aware that because a violent anti-
Red stand is these days a sure way to win
friends and influence people.
AVC since its inception has maintained
that a man's political views are his own
business and no one else's. It has until now
consistently condemned discrimination based'
on political considerations, as forcefully as
it has opposed religious and racial discrim-
Supporters of the legislation expelling
Communists assert that they favor civil
rights for Communists-as they do for all
minorities-outside of AVC!
They deny that the ouster of Communists
constitutes a civil rights violation, pointing
out that AVC as a private organization has
the right to select its members. Legal tech-
nicalities, however accurate, pale into insig-
nificance in the light of practical conse-
quences of such actions.
How effective efforts on behalf of minor-
ity rights will be when undertaken by an
organization which itself discriminates
against a minority group is questionable.
There is little doubt, though, about the
harmful effects of discrimination, be it
practiced in public or private organizations.
Discrimination is a propagative germ
which cannot be contained in insu-
lated compartments. It . mocks isolating
boundaries and expands beyond them with
the greatest of ease. Discrimination cannot
be merely subdued-it must be totally de-
The firing of government employes, as
well as the dismissal of teachers, college
professors, and screen writers, are all log-
ical, inevitable products of such processes
as that instituted by AVC.
Now that AVC has begun to compromise
its basic principles, the temptation to resign
from the group is strong for those who
have not lost sight of its original objec-
tives. Those who have sold out AVC would
like nothing better than to clean out the
liberals, and thus gain the public acclaim
that no liberal organization ever enjoys.
To resign however is tb give up the fight
and to lose any opportunity of ever steering
AVC back onto the liberal course it once
pursued. The courageous, albeit more diffi-
cult alternative for the liberals, is to re-
main in AVC and prove that they have not
yet begun to fight.
The name of AVC has until now sym-
bolized a force of dynamic liberalism. Let
us hope that it is not too late to eradicate
the tarnish now attached to the name.
F . k II 4 IIMI 3 '44 .
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
THE CURRENT exhibit in West Gallery give indication of what fathers used to take
of Alumni Memorial Hall shows the over from their sons after Christmas. And
beneficial side of depression days, for WPA the dolls would even impress little girls of
Project artists are responsible for this high- today, despite their apparent lack of mod-
ly interesting and important contribution to ern wetting and crying features.
American art. Accuracy of representation is especially
Entitled "Index to American Design," noticeable in the fabric reproductions. It
the Museum of Art show is part of a is actually difficult to realize that the
series of paintings which reproduce earlier quilted coverlet is not a piece of cloth,
forms of art in this country. The painting but a painting.
technique conveys perfectly the medium One of the most pleasing designs is for
of the original work, whether wood carv- a woolen coverlet in "Farmer's Fancy" pat-
ing, fabric design or metal toy. tern. It is worked out in blue, red and white
in an intricate style.
The artists have completely captured the
charm of such figures as Bulto's "Saint A series of panels on aspects of current
Raphael," a painted wood carving, as well painting trends is on view in the North
as the primitive quality of some of the Gallery.
other works. Careful rendering has produced Compiled by the Museum of Modern Art
the roundness of the quaint chalkware fig- in New York and entitled "What is Modern
ures, the grain of the wood in the carv- 'Painting?" the panels give simpilified ex-
ings. planations withi examples of some of the
Of the works themselves, "Trotter in Ac- basic ideas. Realism and impressionism to
tion" is particularly fine. And despite the surrealism and cubism are discussed in a
excellent reproductions one would like to very fundamental manner.
see the original "Head of Woman, a grace-
ful pine carving.- Of extreme interest also are the Chinese
Well-executed also is "Wolf's Head," a pottery and tool finds on exhibit in the
wood carving from 1890. Careful attention glass cases. Considered of Post-Neolithic
to such minute detail as individual teeth date, the objects were taken from a site
is shown in a weathervane depicting a near Hangchow and represent a unique
dragon and serpent entangled in an in- collection in the United States.
teresting piece of wood carving. The collection was lent to the University
Toys play a significant part in the col- by a New York dealer for purposes of study.
lection too. A fire engine and locomotive -Joan Katz.
(Continued from Page 2)
231 Angell Hall. All students in-
vited. There will be opportunity
for questions and discussion. Spon-
sored by University Bureau of
Appointments and Occupational
The Naval Ordnance Division
has sent some announcements and
application blanks for juniors for
their positions of chemist, physi-
cist,, metallurgist, mathematician,
and engineer (all branches except
civil). The student aid trainee pro-
gram is included in this announce-
ment. Both those interviewed and
others who are interested may
send in applications. Blanks may
be obtained at 201 Mason Hall.
Approved social events for the
Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Delta,
Pi, Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha
Omicron Pi, Alpha Phi, Delta Sig-
ma Delta, Gamma Phi Beta, Helen
Council, Kappa Alpha Theta,
Kappa Delta, Kappa Kappa Gam-
ma, Phi Delta Phi, Phi Sigma Del-
ta, Psi Upsilon, Sigma Alpha Mu,
Zeta Beta Tau.
Alpha Epsilon Iota, Alpha Kap-
pa Kappa, Alpha Kappa Psi, Al-
pha Sigma Phi, Beta Theta Pi, Chi
Phi, Chi Psi, Cooley House, Delta
Chi, Delta Sigma Pi, Delta Tau
Delta, Delta Upsilon, Delta Zeta
GreeneHouse, Kappa Nu, Kap-
pa Sigma, Phi Delta Theta, Phi
Kappa Psi, Phi Kappa Tau, Phi
Sigma Delta, Pi Beta Phi, Sigma
Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Alpha Mu,
Sigma Nu, Sigma Phi, Tau Delta
Phi, Tau Kappa Epsilon, Theta
Xi, Victor Vaughan, Zeta Beta
Tau, Zeta Psi
Student Legislature, Zeta Beta
The William W. Cook Lectures
on American Institutions. Fifth
series, "Characteristically Ameri-
can." Third lecture, "William
James and American Individual-
ism," Dr. Ralph Barton Perry, Har-
vard University. 4:15 p.m., Wed.,
Dec. 1, Rackham Amphitheatre.
Forestry 194 Examination: 8
a.m., Wed., Dec. 1, Rm. C Haven
Doctoral Examination for E. Lu-
cille Stickel, Zoology; thesis:
"Populations and Home Range
Relationships of the Box Turtle,
Terrapene Carolina (Linnaeus),"
9 a.m., Thurs., Dec. 2, Rm. 3089
Natural Science Bldg. Chairman,
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
4 °p.m., Fri., Dec. 3, Rm. 319 W.
Medical Bldg. Subject: "Lactose
and Galactose." All interested are
Botanical Seminar: 4:30 p.m.,
Wed., Dec. 1, Rm. 1139 Natural
Science Bldg. Paper: Plant Dis-
tribution in the Marshall Islands
by Wm. Randolph Taylor. Open
Engineering Mechanics Semi-
nar: 4 p.m., Wed., Dec. 1, Rm. 101
W. Engineering Bldg.
Mr. R. L. Hess will discuss the
"Effect of Shear and Rotary In-
ertia on the Frequency of Contin-
Geometry Seminar: 3 p.m.,
Wed., Dec. 1, Rm. 3010 Angell Hall.
Mr. G. L. Spencer will continue
on "Projective Measurements."
Physical Chemistry Seminar:
4:07 p.m., Wed., Dec. 1, Rm. 303
Chemistry Bldg. Mr. Larry Bartell
will discuss "The Rotating Sector
in Electron Diffraction." ,
Zoology Seminar: 7:30 p.m.,
Wed., Dec. 1, Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Mrs. Lucille Farrier
Stickel will report on "Populations
and Home Range Relationships of
the Box' Turtle, Terrapene caro-
lina (L)." Open meeting.
Program of Concertos and Arias
by students in the School of Music
and the University Symphony Or-
chestra, Wayne Dunlap, Conduc-
tor, 8:30 p.m., Thurs., Dec. 2, Hill
Auditorium. Compositions by Mo-
zart, Gluck, Strauss, Saint-Saens,
Beethoven, Korngold, Hayden and
Franck, with the following solo-
ists: Maryjane Albright, Betty
Estes, Gloria Gonan, Mary Kelly,
Patricia Pierce, Emil Raab, Jac-
queline Rosenblatt and Merrill
The general public is invited.
Phi Sigma Photographic Ex-
hibit of Biological Subjects. West
Gallery, Rackham Building. De-
cember 1 through 8. Special
showing of kotochrome slides Dec.
6, 8 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Elements of Design from the
Museum of Modern Art, New York;
through Dec. 3, Lobby, Architec-
Varsity Debate: There will be no
debate meeting this evening. The
next meeting will take place on
Wed., Dec. 15, after the current
series of practice debates is fin-
ished. A debate between the two
best teams will take place at that
University of Michigan March-
ing Band: Band Mixer, 7:30 p.m.,
Harris Hall. Program: presenta-
tion of awards, motion pictures,
refreshments, and shop talk.
American Institute of Electrical
Engineers and Institute of Radio
Engineers; Joint Student Branch:
Mr. W. H. Bodle of the Square D
Company will discuss and dem-
onstrate "Overcurrent Protection."
7:30 p.m., Rm. 1400 Chemistry
Bldg. New members invited.
American Society for Public Ad-
ministration, Michigan Chapter:
7 p.m., East Conference Room,
Rackham Building. Speaker: Mr.
Floyd M. Jennings, Planning Di-
rector, City of Grand Rapids. All
those interested are invited.
Modern Poetry Club: 7:30 p.m.,
Russian Tearoom, Michigan
League. Subject: Members' poetry.
Sociedad Hispanica: Intermedi-
ate and advanced students of
Spanish will participate in a
poetry reading contest. Members
of the faculty will present a poetry
recital entitled "Temas en blanco
y negro," 8 p.m., Hussey Room,
Delta Sigma Pi, Professional
Business Fraternity: Open meet-
ing. 8 p.m., 130 Business Adminis-
tration. Mr. Kenneth I. Heininger,
President of the Michigan Junior
Chamber of Commerce, will speak
on "The Consumer Outlook for
1948." Business meeting and
pledge meeting, 7:30 p.m.
West Quad Radio Club: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., Radio Room, fifth
floor, Williams House. All mem-
bers should be present.
Ullr Ski Club: First meeting of
season, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 3K Michi-
gan Union. Movies. Everyone in-
terested in skiing invited.
Flying Club: Board meeting, 7
p.m., Rm. 1300 E. Engineering
Flying Club: General meeting.
7:30 p.m., Rm. 1042 E. Engineering
Bldg. Pictures will be taken for
the Ensian. Plans for the Air
Meet at E. Lansing will be com-,
Ice Skating Club: Meetings, 1 to
3 p.m., Monday through Friday,'
except on days hockey games are
played. New members are invited.
Come to the Coliseum at Hill and
Ann Arbor Freshman Women:
Meeting, 4:30 p.m., Michigan
Pre-Medical Society: Meeting,
Rm. 3D, Michigan Union Commit-
tee members bring all material.
The new Pre-Professional Advisor
program and field trip will be dis-
United World Federalist SPE-
CIAL Executive Council Meeting
immediately following regular
general meeting. Henderson Room,
United World Federalists: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., Wed., Dec. 1, Hen-
derson Room, Michigan League.
Students and faculty members in-
terested in becoming members of
reorganized UWF Speakers Bureau
invited. Due to the resignation of
two-members - at - large of the
UWF Executive Council a special
election to fill these two offices
will be held as part of the regular
general meeting tonight.
Westminister Guild: Tea and
coffee hour, 4-6 p.m., Presbyterian
Roger Williams Guild: Weekly
"chat" and tea, 4:30-6 p.m., Guild
Women of the University Fac-
ulty weekly tea: 4-6 p.m., Michi-
U. of M. Dames Book Group:
Meet at the home of Mrs. Norman
Banghart, 123 Worden Street,
Ann Arbor, 8 p.m. Miss Hazel
Keedle, Arbor Public Library, will
speak on "Children's Books."
Zeta Phi Eta, Speech Arts:
Business meeting 4:15 p.m., Thurs.
Dec. 2, Rm. 4208 Angell Hall.
Delta Sigma Pi, 'ofessional
Business Fraternity: Informal in-
itiation, 8 p.m., Thurs., Dec. 2,
Student Faculty Hour: 4-5 p.m.,
Thurs., Dec. 2, Grand Rapids
Room, Michigan League. School
of Architecture and Design will be
guests. Co-sponsored by Assembly
and Pan-Hel Associations.
U. of M. Rifle Club: Firing, 7:30
p.m., Thurs., Dec. 2, ROTC range.
International Center weekly tea
for all foreign students and Amer-
ican friends. 4:30-6 p.m., Thurs.,
Dec. 2, International Center. Host-
esses: Mrs. H. F. Taggert and Miss
Inez V. Bozorth.
Alpha Phi Omega, Service Fra-
ternity: General meeting, 7 p.m.,
Thurs., Dec. 2, Michigan Union.
Ensian picture; details of Initia-
Deutscher Verein: 7:45 p.m.,
Thurs., Michigan League. Games
and radio skit. Faculty and stu-
dents invited. Room will be post-
AVC: Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Thurs.,
Dec. 2, Rm. 3R, Michigan Union.
National Convention report.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Sabbath Eve Services, 7:45 p.m.;
Fireside Discussion, Dr. Russell Fi-
field will speak on "What Shall
We Do in the Far East?" 8:30 p.m.
Social hour will follow.
TO THE EDITOR
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations,the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300' words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
* =* *
To the Editor:
UVE BEEN sort of suspecting
something like this for a long
time, now, but it was still some-
what of a disagreeable sight when
it did come.
I know, of course, that there
are many persons on campus who
consider studies the least part of
their reasons for going to college,
but I've never before seen this
attitude advocated in an editorial.
Dave Thomas has once again
aired the old distinction between
the "right guy" and the "grind."
The serious student is now called
an 'over-matured veteran,' a man
full of "self-righteous pompous-
ness" who should be banished
from the campus toan "educa-
tional conveyor belt."
Yes, I'm sure that if he were
allowed to remain on campus, he
would contaminate some poor
freshman and get him started on
the wrong foot-maybe he would
get him in the obnoxious habit
"Hoorah, hoorah," Thomas says,
"let's go quickly and pullthe rope
in the tug-of-war lest we be
cheated out of half the joy of
I personally have no objection
whatever to anyone's pulling a
rope in a tug-of-war, but, please,
please do not tell me it is half
the j goy of youth. I know many
more things that make for the
joys of youth.
And talk about labels! Pseudo-
sophisticates, embryo Calvin Cool-
idges, Tuesday afternoon's wom-
en's club members-I know that,
really, I should not be writing
like this because I will be called
one of those Bad Names. And that
would be terrible. I'd cry for a
So you think that school spirit
is fine and shouldbe revived. All
right. Fine. But you don't have
to work for it that way. Once
in a while somebody reads these
editorials and might believe you
and your depreciating terms.
But maybe, after all, you just
sent it to the wrong address-
maybe you meant it for the Gar-
goyle, a far better place for an
appeal of that sort.
-I. -. Rock.
MAT TER OF FACT:
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-The move to use the
Secretaryship of Defense as a political
plum can only be judged in terms of the
central unpleasant fact of our time. Before
very long, the Soviet Union may be halfway
down the hard road to producing a people's
democratic atomic bomb. Six to fifteen
years was the period originally allotted. And
"sometime in 1952" is still the deadline after
which the most conservative American ex-
perts say we must be ready for the Krem-
This is because one fact stands out
from the conflicting evidence concerning
the Soviet atomic energy project. The
project has absolute first priority. It is
under the personal direction of Marshall
Beria, the dread police chief of the Soviet
empire. And whether Swiss machinery
must be dearly bought with foreign ex-
change, or ten thousand slave laborers
are needed the next morning, Marshal
Beria has only to sign the order.
This does not mean, of course, that ordi-
nary but costly mistakes, or the inevitable
cumbersomeness of the Soviet system, may
not delay the project far beyond the accept-
ed deadline. Much time has already been
lost by the Kremlin. Even the greatest of
Soviet physicists, Kapitza, was prevented
from exploring nuclear fission during the
war. Generalissimo Stalin was informed of
the existence of the atomic bomb at Pots-
dam in 1945. During that year, any German
scientist could get a free meal ticket from
the British and Americans by claiming to be
a physicist. But it was not until 1946 that
the Soviets began to round up a prize herd
of these rare human cattle. The year 1946
is accepted as the moment when Marshal
There is, obviously, a glimmer of light in
this black picture. If the Kremlin is willing
to pay a human life for every pound of
uraniferous ore, it must mean that larger
and more profitable ore deposits have not
yet been brought into production elsewhere
in the Soviet empire.
There are also other encouraging fac-
tors. One such was the recent denuncia-
tion of four Russian physicists. One of
the usual Soviet Communist mouthpieces
excoriated them for their "agnostic asser-
tion that lack of precision in the be-
havior of atomic particles is unavoidable."
If Marxist dialectics are to dominate the
Soviet atomic energy project as well as
Soviet biological research, we can expect
Marshal Beria's Triple A priority to be
The tale of the single escapee fiom the
Soviet atomic laboratories also carries a
little hope. This man was in the top flight
of captive German physicists. While he and
his colleagues were given every facility and
luxury, they were entirely cut off from con-
tact with any knowledgeable Russian. The
MVD flatfoots who ruled over them required
that they work. But since the flatfoots knew
no more of nuclear physics than the average
policeman, the German scientists could have
written novels in their work hours if they
None the less, the fact of Marshal
Beria's priority remains outstanding. Be-
side this fact must be placed the further
fact that Marshal Beria's organization can
avoid much wasteful experiment by read-
ing the American Smyth report.
We have shown the way. The Soviets
hn Pnrmmn, ,,c Pn,,nnn,' P nhctaria i n
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What does it say?
-i 1 rnvel 7eun. n)
That Swami copied this out of the "Hortus
Sanitaus" or some other popular incunabula.
Cnrelessly too!He'scnfthe air.water and
lean fx it up for him,
Barnaby. Those pictures