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VOL. LIX, No. 45 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1948
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Oxford Debate Plan
Suggested for U'
By AL BLUMROSEN
A solution to the problems of
the Political Speakers ban was
suggested yesterday at a special
session of the Student Legislature
by Ralph M. Carson '23L and en-
dorsed by Dean of Students Eric
Rhodes Scholar Carson, the only
American to ever be president of
the Oxford Union, said that the
system of weekly debates on is-
sues of interest as used at Oxford
could be adapted for use at the
* * *
DEAN WALTER said the use of
the plan here was an "excellent
idea." Political issues could be dis-
cussed since the speakers ban
only refers to personalities, he
Carson termed the political
ban, "Unworthy of an educa-
The discussion each week is cen-
tered around a motion on a defi-
nite issue, Carson said. Two speak-
ers argue on each side of the mo-
tion for fifteen minutes and the
discussion is thrown open to the
floor. Informal debate is carried
on for two hours under the di-
rection of the president, who is se-
lected for his speaking ability,
AT THE END of the meeting,
everyone votes on the motion by
leaving through doors marked
To Go on TV
High school debaters will watch
the University's varsity debate
team in action in a special tele-
vision program at 9:30 p.m. Mon-
day over WWJ-TV.
Sponsored by the Michigan High
School Forensic Association and
the speech department, the pro-
gram will be viewed by students
in the Detroit and Ann Arbor area.
Dale Stafford, managing editor
of the Detroit Free Press, will in-
troduce the program, and Dr. Ru-
pert Cortwright, chairman of the
Wayne University speech depart-
ment and president of the Speech
Association of America will serve
The debate will be on the offi-
cial high school topic: "Resolved,
That the United Nations Now be
Revised into a Federal World Gov-
Nafe Katter and Irwin Robinson
will take the affirmative; Frank
Nelson and Don Nuechterlein, the
B urglars Lift
Burglars broke into the Univer-
sity Hospital drug dispensary
Wednesday night and made off
with a quantity of narcotics.
The theft of a bottle contain-
ing 100 morphine tablets and sev-
eral bottles of dilaudid tablets,
was reported to the police.
Several cabinets had been brok-
en into, and bottles were scattered
about, police said.
It was believed that the thief
had gained entrance by crawling
over a six-foot shelf fronting the
hospital hallway, and had made
his way in and out of the hospital
Is Just Around
BUT IT'S TOO FAR-
If you have a ticket
but no ride, or
If you have a ride
but no ticket.
If you have neither,
it's even worse.
"Yea" or "nay," the system used
in the British House of Commons.
"The discussion of issues of
commoninterest and the fact
that everyone participates by
voting stimulates student inter-
est," Carson said.
Distinguished personalities in
the political and intellectual fields
often appear at Oxford to take
sides on the issues under discus-
sion, Carson said.
* * *
THE STYLE of debate used at
Oxford is relaxed and witty, he
added, "but Michigan can and
should develop its own style."
Carson suggested weekly or
bi-weekly debates with speakers
of state or national importance
and the retention of the voting
system as the basis for a Michi-
gan adaptation of the Oxford
"Nowthat we have the idea, it
is up to the students to go ahead
and make a success of it on cam-
pus," SL president Blair Moody
said. He tentatively named the
system "the Michigan Forum."
Some fifteen members of the
Legislature were present at the
Group To Vote
Action on a possible marriage
relations series this year may be
forthcoming Monday when 14
representatives of student and fac-
ulty groups meet to discuss the
Ivan W. Parker, chairman of the
committee sponsoring the lectures,
called a meeting of the group yes-
terday to "reviewv the situation and
discuss financial problems.
."A STRAW VOTE of the com-
mittee will be taken to determine
whether the groups favor continu-
ing the lectures this year," he said.
"If there is a demand for the
program and if one- or two of
the five student groups repre-
sented on the committee agree
to underwrite expenses, we can
draft plans for a lecture series
Increased lecturers' fees and an
apparent lack of student support
had previously threatened to rule
out the lectures.
BOB HOLLAND, Union presi-
dent, Patricia McKenna, president
of the League, Blair Moody, Stu-
dent Legislature head, Phil Bu-
bertson, Student Religious Asso-
ciation president and Harriett
Friedmann, Daily managing edi-
tor will represent their groups.
Dean Erich A. Walter, Dean
Walter B. Rea, Dr. Margaret Bell,
Lloyd Berridge, Health service
mental hygienist, Dr. Franklin
Littell of the Student Religious
Association, Miss Ethel McCor-
mick of the League, Prof. Howard
Y. McClusky of the School of Edu-
cation, a representative of the
Dean of Women, and Rev. H. L.
Pickerill will also attend the
..PHILADELPHIA - (AP) - Sen-
ator Vandenberg (Rep., Mich.)
urged Russia not to "fool itself"
into the belief that President Tru-
man's election victory means any
softening in American foreign pol-
The Michigan Senator - who
turns over the chairmanship of
the Senate Foreign Relations com-
mittee in January to Senator Con-
nally (Dem., Tex.)-tallied the
election results as 47 to 1 in favor
of the existing bipartisan foreign
VANDENBERG said in a speech
prepared for delivery before the
Reserve Officers Association that
Pledges Pour in
By DICK MALOY
Daily City Editor
University students climbed on the "Bandwagon" to the tune of
some $952 yesterday.
Following yesterday's story that the band would be unable to make
the trip to Ohio State unless they could get hold of $2,000 in a hurry,
The Daily was deluged with phone calls pledging aid.
PLEDGES OF all amounts came in from individuals, dormitories,
fraternities, sororities and merchants. Even a spokesman from Rm.
Slightly less than half of the money needed to send the Band
to Columbus has been pledged so far. About $1,100 is still needed.
To make a pledge, phone The Daily (2-3241) and ask for the Band
Fund Committee. The money will be collected next week.
426 Adams house called to pledge a buck from the men in that room.
The spontaneous demonstration of support for the famed Michi-
gan Marching Band has attracted state-wide attention. Newspapers,
wire services and radio stations have all carried stories about the
Although the proposed OSU trip will mean another week of ardu-
ous practice for them the bandsmen's morale was lifted sky-high by
the student support. And the band's long time director, Prof. William
Revelli, who was completely taken aback by the drive, is going around
with a big grin on his face.
* * * ~
THE PLEDGES started rolling in yesterday after a letter appeared
in The Daily from members of Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity donat-
ing $65 toward sending the band to Columbus.
The Daily followed it up with another $50 donation and set it-
self up as a clearing house for telephoned pledges of financial aid.
Then the phones here started jangling with messages of support
and additional pledges from groups all over campus.
The Lambda Chis' letter referred to a Life Magazine article which
made an unfavorable comparison between the OSU and the Michigan
Band. And they urged that the campus get together to send the band
to Columbus to disprove that contention.
* * * *
CONTINUING ITS special phone service today The Daily will
have special operators on duty to take pledges. Persons wishing to
make pledges may do so by phoning 2-3241 and asking for the Band
All pledges must be in before this week-end in order that
travel arrangements can be worked out for the band.
Following are a list of pledges made as The Daily went to press:
Lambda Chi Alpha $65, Michigan Daily $50, Michigauma $50,
Delta Sigma Delta $20, Mrs. Dorothy B. Elliott $5, Zeta Psi $25, Theta
Chi $10, Phi Kappa Sigma $15, Alpha Tau Omega $25, Phi Sigma
Delta $40, Beta Thet, Pi $40, Chi Psi $30, Tau Delta Phi $20, Rm. 426
Adams House $1, Phi Gamma Delta $20, Phi Kappa Tau $25, Alpha
Delta Phi $25, Alpha Epsilon Phi $10, Pi Beta Phi $22.50, and Zeta Tau
Alpha $15, Chi Phi $25.
The list continues with Phi Delta Theta $25, Delta Delta Delta $5,
Alpha Omega Pi $15, Allen-Rumsey $20, Betsy Barbour $20, Helen
Newberry $10, Martha Cook $25, Wenley $6.40, Strauss $28.19, Tyler
$20, Chicago $14.34, Anderson $20, Cooley $20, Gamma Phi Beta $15.
A. C. Barth $3, Ritz Beauty Shop $1, Betsy Ross Shop $5, The Par-
rot $10, Slater's Inc. $5, Van Boven $15, Calkins-Fletcher Drug $5, Fol-
lett's Book Store $10, The Quarry $5, MacLean's Grocery $1, Wahr's
Book Store $5, Chester Robert's $10, Eibler Jewelry Store $5, and
Campus Bootery $5.
Other contributors are Campus Drug Store $5, Wagner's $10,
Kresge's $10, Frank Tinker $10, Van Boven Shoes $15, Gage Linen
Shop $5, Arcade Jewelry $1, Coon's Lending Library $5, Van Buren
Shop $2, Gach Camera Shop $2, Brookins Shoe Store $5, Artway
Cleaners $5, Gold Bond Cleaners $5, Lyon & Healy $5.
Invade Campus Today
If you happened to be peer-
ing into the pre-dawn skies to
the southeast this morning,
you saw it-the new comet
called the most beautiful since
Haley's Comet last appeared.
Members of the astronomy
department said last night that
if the sky cleared, the tiny
speck would be visible.
Harvard astronomers dis-
covered the comet from teir
South Africa observatory Sun-
In Jap War
TOKYO - (') - The Interna-
tional Tribunal this morning be-
gan reading off verdicts of guilty
against Japan's wartime leaders,
,climaxing a trial which has lasted
more than two years.
As the 25 defendants sat silent
and grim faced, the court at the
end of the seventh day of reading
a long verdict got down to cases-
the question of guilt or innocence
of each man in the dock.
THE FIRST 10 ticked off were
pronounced guilty. Hideki Tojo,
wartime Premier and No. 1 de-
fendant was next to the last on
the list, which was being read al-
After the verdicts are an-
nounced, the sentences will be
handed down. Thename of Gen.
Sadao Araki came first.
ARAKI, A LEADING Jingoist and
twice Minster of War, was convict-
ed on counts 1 and 27.
The first alleged conspiracy to
wage aggressive war, the 27th of
waging war against China in
Manchuria in 1931.
Gen. Kenji Doihara, who engi-
neered the Mukden incident which
set off the war in Manchuria in
1931, also was convicted on the
same two counts. In addition he
was convicted on counts 29, 31, 32,
35 and 36.
THIRD TO hear the verdict of
guilty pronounced against him
was Col. Kingoro Hashimoto, who
sank the Panay in the Yangtze
before the U. S. was involved in
the war. He was convicted on two
Field Marshall Shunr o k u
Hata, former commander- in-
chief in China, was the fourth
to be convicted. He was found
guilty on six counts alleging con-
spiracy to wage aggressive war
and waging aggressive war.
Next was Baron Kiichiro Hira-
numa, former premier, who was
found guilty on six counts.
FORMER PREMIER Koki Hi-
rota was convicted on three counts.
Naoki Hoshino, former chief of
Hideki Tojo's planning board, was
convicted on five counts.
Eighth to hear the verdict of
guilty pronounced was Gen. Sei-
shiro Itagaki, former Minister of
War and once chief of staff of
the crack Kwantung army in Man-
churia. He was named in seven
Petitions for Board in Con-
trol of Student Publications, J-
Hop Committee, Senior Class
officers and education school
officers are due by 5 p.m., today
in in Rm. 2, University Hall.
Date of elections for these
posts, as well as for Student
Legislature, has been changed
to Nov. 22, and Nov. 23.
NO REASON TO SMILE-Gen-
eralissimo Chaing Kai- Shek
faces his most crucial test as
government forces fall back be-
fore the onslaught of Communist
the American people had spoken
Nov. 2 in favor of the policy "in
thunders which should penetrate
even the Iron Curtain."
"The final tally in this free
election will be about like this:
for this policy, 47,000,000 plus;
against this policy, 1,000,000
In an obvious reference to
Henry A. Wallace's Progressive
Party, Vandenberg said the 1,-
000,000 votes that might be fa-
vorable to a change in policy were
polled by "the one party which iran
with Moscow's blessing and with
avowed Communist support."
VANDENBERG, who received
the Reserve Officers Association
medal for his efforts toward peace,
said Soviet Foreign Minister Mo-
lotov apparently had miscalculat-
ed the impact of last week's elec-
tion on American foreign policy.
"In his post-election estimate
of these election returns, Mr.
Molotov hailed the re-election
of President Truman as some
sort of encouraging repudiation
of the bi-partisan peace aims of
the Government -of the United
States-claiming in typically in-
cendiary language that our peo-
ple have rejected the 'frankly
aggressive Republican pro-
gram'" Vandenberg said.
Cites Closed Shop,
WASHINGTON-(P)-A bill toE
"take the abuses out" of the Taft-
Hartley labor law will be one of1
the first concerns of the Senate1
Labor Committee, according tof
Senator Elbert D. Thomas (Dem.,c
Thomas is slated to return to
the chairmanship when the Demo-
crats assume power in January.
Back in the capital from Salt Lake
City, Thomas told a reporter:
*' * *
"WE SHALL CARRY out the1
promises of the Democratic plat-c
form." One of those promises wasf
repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act. t
The act, passed by the 80th
Congress over President Tru-
man's veto, was castigated by]
labor leaders as a "slave labor"
law, and was assailed again and
again by the President in his
Actually, the law is a deep-
reaching revision of the Wagner
Act, the so-called charter of labor
passed in the early days of the
Franklin D. Roosevelt administra-
Senator Thomas said he had
talked to no Democratic party
leaders about the measure and had
no detailed plan for taking up re-
peal legislation, although he had
heard that the administration is
preparing a new labor bill.
But Thomas has some ideas of
his own. He said the Taft-Hartley
ban against the closed shop and
against jurisdictional strikes
should be eliminated. In his view,
public opinion alone should force
the correction of abuses which
arise from such practices.
To Meet Diplomat
University students from India
will have an opportunity to meet
their nation's new ambassador to
the United States, Sir Benegal
Rama Rau, at the International
The statesman, a native of the
province of Coorg, near Mysore
in South India, will address mem-
bers of the Hindustan Club at 2
p.m. and be greeted later by Pres-
ident Alexander G. Ruthven.
He will leave late in the day for
Million Men in
NANKING - (Ai) - More than
1,000,000 men have been com-
mitted to battle today on Nan-
king's Suchow defense lines in
fighting on a scale unprecedented
in China even during the Jap-
anese invasion, a Chinese govern-
ment military spokesman an-
The spokesman, Lt. Gen. Teng
Wen-Yi, furnished no details on
the exact locations and progress
of the crucial battle-one which
may determine China's fate.
* * th*t
HE SAID, however, that the
scene was north of the Yangtze-
River and south of the Lunghai
Railway, a stretch of about 200
Last previous reports had
placed the oncoming Commu-
nists about 100 miles northwest
of Nanking in the Pengpu area
and within ten miles east of
Suchow, major government base
200 miles northwest of Nanking.
General Teng said the Reds, us-
ing more than 500,000 troops, had
a slight numerical superiority.
HE SAID government defenders
had outfought the Communists in
the opening phases, but acknowl
edged several Nationalist with-
drawals "to shorten their lines."
Scantiness of details on 'this
climactic battle apparently re-
sulted from the government im-
position of censorship on a post-
(While a gigantic battle on the
approaches to Nanking was a log-
ical development, both sides
throughout China's three - year
civil war have habitually exagger-
ated numbers involved and enemy
THE SPOKESMAN said Com-
munist generals Chen Yi, Chen
Keng and Liu Po-Cheng already
were throwing all their available
manpower, 15 entire armies
against the last defenses north
of the Yangtze.
The Yangtze itself remains a
formidable barrier, more than
two miles wide, with Nanking
near the south bank.)
He said the government was
hurrying up reinforcements. Some
from the Peiping-Hankow railway
area, 200 to 300 miles south and
southwest, already have moved up.
TENG said the Communists had
suffered 30,000 casualties around
Suchow, three times as many as
All available government war-
planes, from old 4-engined Libera-
tors to fighters and some new Can-
adian-made Mosquitos, operated
steadily out of Nanking.
John Gwin, of the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs yesterday cautioned
students to drive more carefully on
"Recent increases in weekend
traffic accidents, several involving
students, have increased the im-
portance of careful driving," he
He advised students to wait un-
til post-game traffic thins out be-
fore commuting to their homes. .
Gwin also asked student drivers
not -to park their cars on crowded
Ann Arbor streets. "A number of
recent accidents have involved
parked automobiles," he declared.
Students can lessen the danger
of accidents by keeping cars in
garages and off the main thor-
oughfares, Gwin said.
Beta Gamma Sigma, national
honorary commerce fraternity, has
elected ten students to member-
ship this fall.
Among those honored were Rob-
CAN'T EAT WORDS:
Shortages Strongly Affect
English Literary Class
Today is Gargoyle day-the Gar-
goyle, campus humor magazine,
comes out today.
Moving in and occupying the
campus, the Gargoyle business
staff will station its hawkers at all
strategic spots. From 8 a.m. to
3:30 p.m. both ends and the mid-
dlie of the Diag will have their
Gargoyle men. At noon, they will
branch out and sell the magazine
at the Union and the Willow Run
* * *
STUDENTS previously on cam-
pus know only too well the hawk-
ing techniques of the Gargoyle
funnymen. Beverly Dippel, busi-
ness manager, will be in their
truck tossing out the 2,400 copies
of the magazines to the barkers.
For 25 cents, the price of the new
Garg, students can get the maga-
zine and the small sideshow that
goes with Gargoyle selling.
The unpredictable Gargoyle
staff will do almost anything to
extract their 25-cents-a-copy
from the students. Quips, gags,
Seniors in Pharm acy
gasps, and antics are acceptable
selling techniques to Gargoyle
In the process they will prob-
ably proclaim that the Gargoyle
is new; that the Gargoyle has two
Hopwood winners; that one is
Richard Kraus' "Gunna Play
Trumpt with Beechet"; that the
other is Robert Uchitelle's "The
World Is On Our Doorstep"-the
freshman Hopwood winner; that
it is indeed half funny, half seri-
By GLORIA GOODSTEIN
Literature today is more affect-
ed by economic shortages than by
artistic poverty, in the opinoin of
J. E. Morpurge, English critic, edi-
tor, and publisher.
Speaking yesterday on "Post-
War Reconstruction in English
Letters," Murpurgo said that Brit-
ish periodicals cannot afford to
"play with new names." Publish-
ers are beset by shortages of paper,
machinery, and printers, and
careful planning does not allow
them to consider new work.
filar |'trash" work, Morpurgo
said that it is the good writers,
such as Graham. Greene and.
Evelyn Waugh, who are selling.
This forces the publisher to
rely on a few top authors.
* * *
IN EXPLAINING the absence of
outstanding war literature, Mor-
purgo pointed out that most Brit-
ish were away from home for many
years and did not feel heroic or ro-
mantic as in World War One. Most
war writing was a new type of re-
porting of an artistic quality.
'U' Dump To Become Place of Beauty
The University has finally de-
cided to bury the skeleton in its
After many years, the vast
"open" dump behind the Univer-
sity Hospital is to be converted
into a four-acre area of land-
A LitttTf'tr .r I..- 1 PYYYf. 1
run into the years, according to
Walter Roth, University plant de-
partment superintendent. But he
added that improvement will be
visible day by day as the bull-
dozer cuts its trenches, packs down
the refuse and covers it with dirt.
BURIED REFUSE, piled layer
ing refuse which was burned as
soon as it was dumped.
Roth stressed the fact that the
burning process has been com-
pletely discontinued and that the
only fires flaring up from the for-
mer gravel pit are accidental.
* *L * .
RATS ARE STILL a problem i