WEDNSDAY, NOVEIVWEZ 3, 1948
TH E MICHIGAN DAIIY
Of House, Senate
WASHINGTON - (P)-Barring
upsets, Democrats won control of
both branches of Congress in
On the basis of unofficial re-
turns, President Truman's party
elected 16 Senators against 5 for.
the Republicans and 188 repre-
sentatives against 86 for the Re-
They had needed a net gain
' of only four Senate and 31 House
seats for control.
SENATE Democratic gains in-
cluded seats now held by Repub-
i licans in Oklahoma, West Virginia,
Iowa and Illinois. Their House
gains included 36 Republican and
one American-Labor seats. Only
one House Democratic seat went to
a Republican, and the GOP cap-
tured no Democratic Senate seats.
Of the 12 Senate seats still
in doubt, Democrats were lead-
ing in eight and Republicans in
four. Democrats held margins in
Minnesota, Kentucky and Wyo-
ming, where seats now are held
Republicans were not ahead in
any states where the Democrats
are fighting to keep Senate seats
Democrats lost both the. House
and the Senate in 1946.
AT 3:25 A.M. (EST) Democrats
had captured 35 Republican and 1
American-Labor seat in the House
and had lost only 1 of their own
for a net gain of 35 seats.
In the 187 seats they already
had held they had elected 147
of their own candidates and 40
were in doubt.
Democrats won senatorial con-
tests in Tennessee, Oklahoma and
Colorado. The Colorado and Ten-
nessee seats were Democratic in
the last Congress, but Republicans
had hoped to capture them.'The
Democratic victory in Oklahoma
represented a distinct gain for
their party, for the seat previously
was filled by a Republican.
* * *
DEMOCRATIC nominees were
ahead in Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky,
Minnesota, West Virginia and
Wyoming for seats now held by
Republicans, and in Montana and
New Mexico for seats held by their
'In addition, Senator Dwor-
shak, Idaho Republican, was
trailing Democrat Bert H. Miller.
In all, 13 Democrats had been
elected to the Senate by 2 a.m.
Eastern Standard Time, including
Lyndon Johnson in Texas and J.
Melville Broughton in North Car-
To add to the Republican woes,
Democrats led incumbent Repub-
lican Senators in Delaware and
THE DEMOCRATS grabbed a
seat from their foes in Oklahoma
by electing Robert S. Kerr. They
retained another when Rep. Estes
Kefauver knocked over his GOP
opponent, B. Carroll Reece, former
Republican national chairman.
They were well within shoot-
ing distance of controlling the
Senate, which now has 51 Re-
publicans and 45 Democrats.
Democratic candidates for the
Senate were ahead in the tussle
for six seats now held by Repub-
licans. Those were in Illinois, Iowa,
Kentucky, Minnesota, West Vir-
ginia and Wyoming.
In addition, they were leading
for three seats now held by men
of their own party in Colorado,
Montana, New Mexico.
WORLD'S BIGGEST JOB:
Dewey'*Makes Second Try
Wallace Workers Sweat
Out Low Local Returns
PRESTON W. SLOSSON
In a close, hard-fought race for
Congress, Prof. Preston W. Slos-
son seemed definitely to be the
loser as The Daily went to press.
With precincts approximately
65 per cent counted, Republican
Rep. Earl C. Michener of Adrian
had rolled up a 10,000-vote mar-
gin over his Democratic rival.
A reliable source predicted at 4
a.m. that Prof. Slosson would lose
"by not more than 10,000 votes."
Two years ago, Rep. Michener
steamrollered Democrat Redmond
Burr with a margin of 40,000
This time, Prof. Slosson jumped
off to an early lead on heavy plur-
alities in the cities of Jackson and
Monroe. He carried Monroe Coun-
ty, but was unable to meet the
strong Michener forces in the lat-
ter's home county, Lenawee.
"The amazing results of Slos-
son's whirlwind campaign demon-
strate that students, in spite of
the hamstringing restrictions on
political action imposed by the
Regents, can take a vigorous and
effective part in the vital politi-
cal issues of the day," co-chair-
man Bill O'Neill of the Students
for Slosson commented.
Buy an 'Ensian
Thomas Edmund Dewey tried
to get a throne once and failed.
He ended up making two tries
at the White House instead.-.
As the bold, bad conspirator in
the Michigan Union Opera of
1921, Dewey was a member of the
"Four Michs," who continually
plotted to put him on some kind
of a throne.
mented one of the cast," Dewey
dlidn't capture the throne, but it
looks like he hasn't stopped trying
And Dewey's whole political
career has followed that "try, try
Tn 1938 he ran for governor of
New York and was defeated, but
he got it on the next try, breaking
the 20 year democratic reign of
the Smith, Roosevelt, Lehman tri-
IN 1940, DEWEY sought the
Presidential nomination at the Re-
publican convention in Philadel-
phia, but lost to darkhorse Wen-
dell L. Willkie.-
Dewey did get the nomination,
though, four years later, after an-
nouncing he was not a candidate.
In the election of 1944, he re-
ceived only 99 electoral votes to
President Roosevelt's 432, but
he piled up 22,006,278 popular
votes, trailing Roosevelt by only
Last summer, Dewey tried again,
and received the Republican nom-
ination on the third ballot, with a
"In all humility, I pray God
that I may deserve this opportun-
ity to serve our country," he said
in his speech of acceptance.
, , *>
BORN IN Owosso, Mich., March
24, 1902, Dewey was the son of a
weekly newspaper publisher and
a distant relative of Admiral
George Dewey, hero of Manila
His ancestry was chiefly Hu-
guenot, English and Irish, his
forefathers settling in Massa-
chusetts in 1634.
At 11, Dewey showed leanings
towards his father's occupation,
taking over a newspaper route.
Two years later he took charge of
a city-wide magazine agency, and
had several agents helping him.
World War I found Dewey a
member of the high school boys'
work reserve, working one summer
on a farm for $30 a month. He
also did after-school chores around
his father's newspaper office.
HE WAS A little too light to
make the high school football
By CLARKE BEACH
WASHINGTON - (4') - Your
new President will be handling the
world's toughest job: hard work,
long hours, poor pay.
It's not all brain work either.
The President has to sign more
than 150,000 papers a year. He
must personally pass judgment on
such unhistoric matters as federal
fishing regulations, the hiring ' of
attorneys for Indian tribes, dis-
missals from the Navy Academy
and regulations governing box-
ing exhibitions in the Panama
*, * *
THE ONLY living survivor of
the presidential ordeal, Herbert
Hoover, has said he is deeply con-
cerned over the "vast and intol-
erable labor" the President must
shoulder. Hoover, now head of a
commission on organization of the
Federal Government, has person-
ally taken charge of the commis-
sion's research on the presidency
to see what he can suggest to
make the job more manageable.
For one thing, there are so
many agencies reporting direct-
ly to the President that the sit-
uation is a nightmare to experts
on military and industrial or-
Even in George Washington's
day the presidency wasa hhighly
complex office. From Washington
to Truman the President has had
to perform all the ceremonial
functions of a king, handle the
government work of a prime min-
ister, give orders to the armed
forces as their Commander in
Chief and act as leader of his
* * *
team-as an adult he was 5 feet
812 inches tall and weighed
around 165-but Dewey tried nev-
Dewey was an accomplished mu-
sician, and when he enrolled in the
literary college here in 1919 he
had a tough time deciding be-
tween music and law. As a soph-
omore he toured the middle west
in "Top O' the Morn," the Union
opera of 1921.
One year, he placed third in a
national vocal contest.
When he went to New York in
1923 to study law at Columbia
University, he took vocal lessons
at the famous singing school of
Percy Rector Stephens. Stephens
told Dewey that he sang "too in-
telligently," and therefore would
probably never be an outstanding
success in the operatic world.
IN CHICAGO, in the summer of
1923, Dewey met Francis E. Hutt,
who was Stephens' secretary for
a time. Miss Hutt was also a
church soloist and concert singer.
The couple were married in June
of 192, and set up housekeeping
in a two-and-a-half room apart-
Dewey soon set himself up in
private practice with a New
York law firm, and in 1931 be-
came chief assistant to George
Z. Medalie, the newly appointed
U.S. attorney for the southern1
district of New York. He was
then 29. '
In 1933, the young lawyer re-l
turned to private practice, but two
years later, when a New York
County grand jury investigating
rackets asked Gov. Lehman to
appoint a special rackets prosecu-
tor, Dewey got the job.
WHEN HE started out on hisj
racket-busting career, Dewey was
only 33, and the underworld con-
temptuously dubbed him a "Boy
Scout" because of his youth.
But Dewey obtained the convic-
tions of 72 out of 73 defendants,
brought to trial, and stamped out
the poultry, trucking, loan shark,
and bail bond rackets. He also ob-
tained the conviction of Lucky
Luciano, vice and narcotics king
who was given a 30-50 year prison
In 1937 Dewey was ,.elected
district attorney of New York
County, during which time he
convicted Fritz Kuhn, leader of
the German-American Bund, of
forgery and grand larceny.
Dewey lost the first race for the
governorship of New York to Gov.
Lehman in 1938, trailing by only
64,000 votes out of 5,000,000 votes
Four years later Dewey got the
office with a plurality of 650,000
over John J. Bennett. He was
reelected in 1946 with the sec-
ond highest majority ever recorded
in the state.
* * *
DEWEY considers himself a
"true liberal" on the basis of his
record as governor.
During his governorship, New
York reduced its bonded debt, out-
lawed racial and religious discrim-
ination in employment and ad-
mittance to colleges, banned
strikes by public employes and
began plans for a $200,000,000
state university system.
Centering their activities around
the home of Jack Geist, candidate
for Congress, the local Wallace
Progressives fought down to the
deadline, then sat back resigned
as the tabulations came in.
Local Progressives, both stu-
dents and citizens spent the day
canvassing and taking people to
the polls and the evening watch-
ing the count at the election
* * *
G. MENNEN WILLIAMS
... leading Gov. Sigler 256,000
to 249,000 as The Daily went to
U.S. Style Used in
ticular aspect of the American na-
tional election is being noted with
especial interest around the world
by colonial possessions and satel-
In a period when Russia seeks to
dominate border governments
with the influence of her clenched
red fist, the United States is per-
mitting a strategically situted de-
pendency, Puerto Rico, to choose
freely its own governor.
THIS RIGHT was given the is-
land by Congress last year. The
Puerto Ricans are exercising it.
They've conducted their cam-
paigns with excited oratory and
colorful party banners.
But they've been orderly. The
Puerto Ricans' b o a s t they
jammed more people-60,000-
into a political convention than
did any U. S. mainland party.
It is the first time that Puerto
Rico, which now has nearly 2,-
000,000 inhabitants, is selecting its
own chief administrator. It is just
50 years since the island was ceded
to the United States after the
* * *
GUBERNATORIAL election is a
step forward in colonial govern-
ment. in the troubled, restles
Caribbean where Britain, Franc
and The Netherlands have col-
onies. Its conduct and result.
will be watched.
San Juan newspaper report-
ers, political leaders and resi-
dents feel the forthcoming elec-
tion is one truly free of govern-
ment pressure from the United
But the United States in these
uncertain times internationally
has a very important military
stake in Puerto Rico. On this is-
land is located the 10th U. S.
Naval District; headquarters of
the Army's Antilles department,
and Air Force units.
his followers could work up was
over reports that the Democrats
were winning their crucial elec-
After midnight, it became clear
that the Wallace vote would cost
Truman New York State. Said
party worker Ed Shaffer, "That's
* * *
THE LOCAL returns aided in
quieting the atmosphere of the
THE GEIST home on State headquarters. As of 3 a.m. today,
Street was continually emptied Wallace and Taylor had gotten
and filled as party workers came
and went on various missions. By 231 votes in Ann Arbor.
midnight a group of around fif- At 1 a.m. a telegram was dis-
teen people were gathered by the patched to Henry Wallace.
radio and telephone watching the I "We have scored tremendous
election develop. victories in the face of overwhelm-
With Wallace running far be- ming odds. We shall go on to build
hind, the only enthusiasm that a greater peoples movement ..
J. Paul Sheedy* Switched to Wildroot Cream-Oil
Because He Flunked The Finger-Nail Test
HERE'S good moos for people with problem hair. Ee
cow lick stays in place all day long with WiLdro.t CemC
hair tonic. What's more, by using it reguair!y (y r
it will relieve annoying dryness and remove loe :u
Non-alcoholic Wildroot Cream-Oil contains La - -eips
you pass the famous Wildroot Fingr^N.1i 'T1. et
or tube at any drug or toilet g=,ds c
your barber for profeoionll on Widro t s
only one Wildroot Cream-n 11) do
buy any u Ider!
* of 327 BurroUgsD , a '
Wildroot Company, Inc, iuf>alo 1,
., _ . ., I2
SHOUTS OF JOY:
Local Democrats Gather
To Hear Election Results
By PHIL DAWSON
Local Democratic Party chief-
tains gathered in the wee hours
this morning to hear results of the
vigorous campaign at the homes
of three of their candidates.
Margaret B. Price, candidate for
State Auditor-General, Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson, candidate for
Congress, and George Burke, Jr.,
candidate for county prosecutor,
were hosts to more than 200 Dem-
THE INFORMAL gathering cli-
maxed a hectic day of last-min-
Phones were ringing in local
Democratic Headquarters all day
as voters called for transportation
and party poll-watchers reported
that in spite of heavy early vot-
ing some registered voters might
be kept from the booths by long
waits and cloudy skies.
"Inadequate" voting facilities
were criticized by County Chair-
man Lewis L. Forsythe who said
Ann Arbor's 10 extra voting ma-
chines were "a small step in the
When the polls finally closed
party workers limped home after
a 12-hour day handing out leaf-
lets and tacking up signs near
* * *
AT MRS. PRICE'S residence
early reports showing DemQcratic
candidates unexpectedly leading
brought sporadic cheers from the
pleased, expectant listeners.
Many strode nervously from
room to room chortling over the
surprisingly strong showing
made by the Democratic Party
throughout the nation.
Pollster George Gallup's predic-
tion that the House of Represen-
tatives as well as the Senate would
go to the Democrats heightened
the atmosphere of sudden confi-
THE PRESIDENT must even
exercise legislative power. Bills
don't become law unless he signs
them. It is also his duty to rec-
ommend legislation, and complete
drafts of bills often are prepared
by executive agencies.
The President can't afford to
neglect any of his duties. If he
found himself too busy to greet an
important foreign visitor, to lay a
wreath on the Tomb of the Un-
known Soldier or to light the Na-
tional Christmas Tree, it would
raise a storm.
Visitors, one every 15 minutes,
have taken up President Tru-
man's days from about 10 a.m.
to 1 p.m. And many more have
come on most days after lunch.
Mr. Truman gets his reading
and per son al correspondence
completed in the early morning.
He rises about 5:30 a.m., reads
half a dozen newspapers and some
magazines before breakfast, takes
a walk, has breakfast at 8, and
from 8:30 to 9 a.m. dictates let-
NEW YORK-Falling Water, one
of the most ancient sources of en-
dence-while tension increased at ' ergy, is extensively used in the
Dewey's steady comeback after an United States to generate electric-
early deficit. ity.
to the NEW Gargoyle
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