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October 24, 1948 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-10-24

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PAGE ' tfA



,... ._ .v _.. . ..

9"itepn lete
(Editor's Note is written by Managing Editor
Harriett Friedman.)
IN ADDITION to what factual knowledge I
gained from attending the New York Her-
ald-Tribune Forum, I came away in great
awe of presidential candidate Thomas E.
How can one help having a certain re-
spect for someone who can say absolutely
nothing, and yet make people think he is
actually talking intelligently and pur-
Gov. Dewey presented the final speech at
the forum in what was undoubtedly planned
as a mammoth climax. And from all ap-
pearances, the mere presence of the prob-
able next President excited most of the

No Civil Service?

"Wonder How Many Familiar Faces We'll See Inside"

Letters to the Editor

will be putting a man into the position of
chief administrator who has proven by his
past statements, public and private, that he
views government employees with consider-
able distaste-or at least those appointed
under the only system we have been able to
devise to combat the spoils system.
Mr. Dewey shouts in one of the few
semi-definite statements he has made in
this campaign, that there will be a tre-
mendous house cleaning in Washington
come next January. We can't help won-
dering just how far and to what extent
this "house cleaning" will go. Or whether
it is to be to the detriment or the benefit
of good government.
Certainly, everyone thinks our bureau-
cracy.can be improved. Roosevelt tried that
in 1938 with his Committee of Administra-
tive Management. Truman ips tried it again,
with a bi-partisan investigating committee
headed by Herbert Hoover. But where does
Dewey actually stand on the situation? We
can only go by his past remarks.

THE VFW sent a representative to a con-
ference at Albany with the governor
last spring and Dewey blew up during a
discussion of Civil Service in much the
quick-tempered way he did when his cam-
paign train moved backwards and he be-
came angered at his engineer.
The VFW representative, Chairman of the
Americanism Committee, reported "that af-
ter some discussion of a proposed Civil Serv-
ice bill, the governor turned around "with
a broad grin and said all Civil Service is
mediocre." And later in the discussion, "he
stated in the course of conversation that if
he had his way he would abolish the entire
Civil Service system."
This, from the man who is going to
do the "greatest house cleaning in our
The light which this, and his attacks last
spring on organizations working for better
schools in New York, sheds on his mythical
record as the perfect administrator, merits
the close attention of the voters.
-Don McNeil


* * *


I HAD READ a press advance of his speech
before he appeared. Dewey was suppos-
edly discussing conservation and foreign
During the early part of the forum, con-
servation had been strongly debated, with a
heated argument between cattlemen and
conservation experts over proper control of -
government lands in the West, and whether
erosion control should be regional, as TVA,
by districts, federally managed or locally
Gov Dewey's answer to these questions,
and to the whole conservation question was
principally to recall his experiences down
on the farm at Pawling. He also urged
"balance" in use of resources. The plati-
tudes in the speecli about water as "life
itself," and "nature keeping her house in
order," were innumerable, but of actual con-
structive proposals there were none.
Foreign policy received the same treat-
ment. "The peace of the world will only
be secure when the forces on the side of
peace are stronger than the forces on the
side of evil," Dewey proclaimed.
The most definite statement in the
whole speech was: "We can once again
lead from strength and not from weak-

The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters.
* *. S
No Reflection
To the Editor:
It is about time the editors of
The Michigan Daily publicly ad-
mit they do not "accurately reflect
campus opinion." They never have
and they never will-and, what is
more important, it is none of their
business even to make the attempt.
It is considered fine sport (wit-
ness the recent public debate) to
condemn, The Daily for not pre-
senting campus opinion with a
mirror of itself. And for some in-
explicable reason, this so-called
dereliction of duty is assumed by
one and all to be some sort of
crime. The editors too often blush
and turn away at the accusation;
the Board in Control holds a meet-
ing, and the accusers demand that
"something"-they are seldom ex-
plicit-be done about the situation.
It is time, I think, for a bit of
frankness. The campus in large
part, is populated by Republicans,
conservatives, lovers-of-the-status-
quo-call them what you will. The
editorial staff of The Daily, on the

other hand, which is open to ev-
eryone, is usually (though not al-
ways) composed of a majority of
liberals, varying widely in their
degree of leftness. The Letters-to-
the-Editor column, which again is
open to everyone, is more often
than not filled with left-of-center
communications. All right, then,
let's admit it: a liberal Daily does
not accurately represent a con-
servative campus.
But I should like to know just
what the liberals are supposed to
do about it. Are they to begin
turning out right-wing editorials
in spite of themselves? Are they
to devote the editorial page to re-
prints from the Wall Street Jour-
nal? Must they raid the next
'meeting of IPC and force some of
the boys to join the Daily staff?
Or are they required simply to
quit writing and take to brooding?
Actually, * it is painfully obvious
that the trouble lies with the con-
servatives, not with the liberals. It
seems scarcely fair, you know, to
condemn the latter for their will-
ingness to work hard enough to
win Daily appointments.
But I think we are quite within
our rights if we point out the un-
deniable fact that the local Re-
publicans and friends simply are
not ordinarily willing to devote as
much time and energy as is neces-
sary to make good on the paper.
Their political energy, such as it is.
is consumed in quite accurately, if
somewhat inanely, accusing the
Daily liberals of spending most of
their time writing liberal editorials.
-Homer Swander

The Third Force

* * *


BUT SOMEHOW when Dewey began talk-
ing, the inanities, evasions and complete
absence of thought, seemed to turn into real
statements about conservation and foreign
He said nothing with such conviction
that the audience actually applauded such
remarks as "The task of waging peace
should be above partisanship."
I myself was impressed by his new persua-
sive delivery, the way in which he could
grab a glass of water and drink without
even breaking the rhythm of his talk.
The rising ovation at the end of the
speech made me wonder for a moment if
perhaps Gov. Dewey had really been saying
something. As I said, I have a new respect
fot the Republican candidate.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Missed Train
" 'VE GOT a funny feeling somehow we've
missed the train," she said.
"Twelve minutes left," he said. "Look at
the clock."
Instead, the young woman looked at the
three suitcases piled near them in the wait-
ing room.
"How'd we get here?" she asked. "How'd
we land in this waiting room with every-
thing we own, in October, 1948?"
"Now, honey," he said.
"How do we come to be here?" she asked.
"Now, honey," he said. "It won't be so bad
at your mother's. She's got lots of room."
"By October, 1948, we were going to have
a house and a car," she said. "I remember
distinctly. We had $1800 saved up between
us when you got out, for a start on a house
and a car."
"Well, honey, prices went up," said the
,young man.
"This wasn't in the plan," she said. "We
figured everything, but we never figured on
being in this room with all our stuff. That
pal of yours was going to give you a won-
derful job in that new box factory, remem-
"Well, honey, they didn't build it," he said,
as if he had said it before. "Prices went up."
"It isn't as if we weren't the figuring
type," she went on. "Some people don't
figure about the future, so if something
happens to them, you're not surprised. But
we figured everything, over and over, so
much for this, and for that. I can remem-
ber when we would rather figure than go
to the movies, and then we'd figure in
how much we'd saved by not going. We
figured everything, except being here
"Well, we figured on the old prices," said
the young man.
"By next spring we were going to have

THE TERM "Third Force" has its origin in
Europe, but it is being used increasingly
with reference to American politics. And its
meaning may provide a key to one great
deficiency in our political life, both on the
national and local levels.
Historically, American politics has been
characterized by the fusion of all points
of view into two great camps, Republican.
and Democratic by name. For nearly one
hundred years the two-party system has
functioned under these banners. Each
center of opinion has received a variety of
contributions from tradition, pressure
groups, and, not necessarily least, forth-
right conviction, until at the present time
we find a tremendous overlapping between
them. It is a major fallacy to say, as
many do, that the two parties are virtually
indistinguishable, at least in matters of
policy. We can point to foreign trade pol-
icy as one example of differences of long
standing between them; anl yet it is pos-
sible for both parties to put forth such
incompatibles as Senators Morse and Taft,
Senators Wagner and McKellar.
One wonders how such a ludicrous devel-
opment could have been tolerated this long,
and, what is more important, how it can be
Numerous attempts have been made in the
form of third parties. We have had a Popu-
list movement and a Greenback party; the
Socialist Party with Norman Thomas at the
helm is a sort of Old Faithful; and now we
have the Progressives under Wallace. It
seems safe to predict that the Wallaceites
will have no more success than the others,
and probably much less, in the sense of
maintaining a political party in continuing
fashion. All of them, on the other hand,
have enjoyed some success in seeing their
ideas and programs accepted in practice,
although it has been through adoption by a

major party. The point is that the need has'
not been met.
That is where the "Third Force" comes
in. There is no dearth of conservatives--
the Republican Party is set for years. The
need is for a vigorous and coherent non-
Communist left, a Third Force standing
between the extremes of Communism and
reaction, if such a distinction is necessary.
It must be broadly based to include all
persuasions from Socialists to the conven-
tional old liberal Democrats. But it must
also have a strong internal structure to
withstand failures.
"It sounds good, but it can't be done" is
the usual answer. But it can be done, not by
just another third party, but by a disciplined
corps of hard workers steeled to throw off
failure and proceed with renewed energy.
Two avenues are open to such a group.
The Third Force can be an independent po-
litical association, patiently building inter-
nal strength out of a labor movement nu-
cleus and watching over the disintegration
of a major party, presumably the Demo-
cratic Party. This means gradual develop-
ment into a political party as strength is
drawn from the liberal segment of the old
party. Thus, in over-simplified terms, was
the British Labor Party born.
Or the Third Force can dedicate itself
to the capture of an old party. This means
the slow and tedious process of winning
precinct and then district posts till finally
state caucuses and conventions can be
controlled. And then the task is to rid the
new party alignment of the conservative
elements; in short, a purge is in order.
Either course is an arduous one. The
Third Force is forming to carry out the as-
sault, but the course is undecided. Between
the two approaches, hope, likelihood, and
opinion is still divided. Only one thing is
certain: the course must benone or the other.
To try both at once is to invite failure.

South and Civil Rights

Palestine .
A week of offensive operations by the Israeli army, which resulted
in the capture of the Arab citadel of Beersheba and the opening of a
corridor to the Negev area ended Saturday with the enforcement of
a UN-ordered truce in the Holy Land.
The truce, demanded Wednesday by the Security Council,
brought an end to some of the most bitter fighting that Palestine
has yet seen.
France . . .
Violence flared in the coal regions of France as striking miners
fought with French troops and police during the latter part of the
week. After 200 soldiers and police had been injured, first by attacks
with sticks and rocks and later by gunfire, the French cabinet recalled
the 1948 class of troops to deal with the situation. At weeks end,
soldiers were pouring into the trouble centers with orders to defend
themselves against any attack.
Korean Revolt . . .
The long-predicted Communist-led revolt finally broke out in
Southern Korea. Approximately 4,000 Korean troops participated
in the outbreak which was promptly stalled by loyal South Korean
soldiers. At the end of the week, all but two of the cities which
had fallen to the insurgents had been reconquered and the govern-
ment predicted that the remaining rebels would be wiped out in
the next few days.
The East-West brew in Berlin was only simmering this week. The
six neutral nations finally presented their compromise resolution to
end the dispute. Principle features: immediate end of the Russian
blockade and introduction of the Soviet mark under four power
control as the sole currency in Berlin.
The Soviet-sponsored German Peoples Council debated the
final draft of their "constitution for all Germany" while attacking
the constitution writers of Bonn who are drawing up plans for a
unified Western Germany.
The Department of Justice began an investigation of the payrolls
of J. Parnell Thomas' Un-American Activities Committee of the House.
The investigation came as a result of a series of articles by columnist
Drew Pearson.
Political ...
With only a week to go, the campaigns were slowing to a wall.
Only an occasional egg or tomato marked the passage of the can-
didates. Gov. Dewey was stumping the country trying to insure
the election of a Republican Senate, President Truman, who got
the endorsement of Mrs. F.D.R., was still blasting the eightieth
Congress, and Henry Wallace in Syracuse said "that labor leaders
who called people Communists were joining the enemy-the
For all practical purposes, the campaigns were over.
Political Ban . . .
As November 2 neared, and interest in the campaign heightened,
student protests to the Political Speaker's ban grew by leaps and
bounds. Student Legislature officials were reported to be working on
a plan to set up a specific spot for discussions similar to those banned
from the diag last week by Dean Walters.
The American Veterans' Committee held a petition drive, asking
students to protest both the ban and the interpretation which pre-
vented the diag discussions.
Later in the week, the Young Republicans, the Young Democrats
and the United World Federalists joined in the fight.
Arthur A. Elder, head of the much-discussed Workers Educa-
tion Service of the University was dismissed in what President
Ruthven called an Administrative Shift. WES has been suspended
since last spring after a General Motbrs official charged that
workers were getting Marxian indoctrination.
The shift, which put WES under the general extension course
program of the University, brought charges that the Regents "killed
the service . . ." and of "submergence of the . . . Regents and Gov.
Sigler to the General Motors Cop." from UAW-CIO educational
director Victor Reuther.
UAW-CIO officials were planning a WES program of their own
to replace the University's course.
Football ... -
The Wolverine 28-0 trouncing of the Wildcats last week tossed
them into first place in the weekly Associated Press poll of national
sports writers. Next in line, before yesterday's game, were Notre
Dame, North Carolina, California and Army.
Liquor ...
Members of a University sub-committee on student conduct set
up to investigate the campus liquor question reported that no steps
had been taken in the probe of the last six months. Meanwhile a
Daily survey revealed that student drinking had not fallen off since
the imposition of the more stringent rules.

News of the Week


DURING the briefest journey of inquiry in
the South, it is difficult not to be im-
pressed by one fact. That is the almost con,-
pletely unanimous opposition to Federal civil.
rights legislation, by Southerners of every
political stripe. However one may approve
the objectives of the civil rights proposals,
this almost total unanimity is an important
political fact, which must be recognized.
It is possible, of course, to head in the
South a deal of wicked nonsense about the
race question. One highly regarded Dixie-
crat leader, for example, told this reporter
that there were really only two ways of
handling the problem. One was to ship
all the Negroes in the United States to
If this proved impracticable, he suggested,
a mass redistribution of Negroes, so that
each county in the United States would have
no more than a ten per cent Negro popula-
tion, would be only fair. He was perfectly
Among such liberals, there is not much
real objection to the anti-poll tax measure.
There are even those who favor it. The same
is true of the anti-lynching bill, although
most Southerners are quick to point out that
lynching has almost disappeared in the
South. The real, last-ditch opposition is
aroused by the - Federal fair employment
practices bill, and the anti-segregation bill.
Passage of either of these two measures
by the Congress, Southern liberals argue,
would play directly into the hands of the
Klu Kluxers and their unacknowledged
allies. No doubt, say the liberals, racial
prejudice should not exist in the South.
Yet is does exist, and it is a political factor
of the first importance. To disregard it
as a political factor is to court disaster.
Race prejudice, they argue, has always
been the most convenient instrument of

was able to find precisely one dissenting
voice-Aubrey Williams, former friend and
protege of Harry Hopkins. Williams is a
native-born Alabaman, and he currently
edits the farm paper, "The Southern
Farmer." No one can deny to Williams a
certain moral courage.
Williams asserts staunchly that ;the
South's treatment of the Negro is evil, and
that the only way to deal with evil is to
fight it. As for a bloody Southern reaction
to passage of civil rights legislation, Williams
believes that this is mostly talk promoted by
those who stand to profit by it. As evidence,
he points out that out of a million subscrib-
ers to his paper, less than a thousand have
cancelled their subscriptions as a conse-
quence of his civil rights stand.
Yet Williams represents a tiny minority-
as he himself admits, hardly more than a
minority of one. And that is the major weak-
ness of his argument. For unenforceable leg-
islation is bad legislation. And to any one
who has spent even a short time in the
South, it is difficult to see how civil rights
legislation could be enforced in the teeth of
the opposition of the entire white popula-
Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune Inc.)

(Continued fron Page 2)
Lutheran Student Association:
Supper, 5:30 p.m., Zion Lutheran
Parish Hall; program, 7 p.m. Mr.
Theodore Markwood, of Toledo,
will speak on "If We Obey Him
We Will Serve Him in the
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Stu-
dent Club: Supper meeting, 5:30
p.m. Educational feature "The
Life of Christ in Woodcarvings."
Roger Williams Guild program,
6 p.m., a talk by Father Sophocles
on "The Church of Beauty." At
10 a.m. the teachings of Jesus
will be studied. At 11 a.m. service
Rev. Loucks will speak on "Man
Needs Fellowship."
Congregational-Disciples Guild:
Supper meeting, 6 p.m. Panel dis-
cussion, "On the Assembly Line."
Silver Jubilee of the B'nai B'rith
Hillel Foundation, 3 p.m. at 2101
Hill Street.
U. of M. Hot Record Society:
Live Be-bop session, 8 p.m., Mich-
igan League Ballroom. No ad-
mission charge.
Coming Events
La p'tite causette Mon., 3:30
p.m., Grill. Room, Michigan Lea-
Sociedad Hispanica: Social
Hour, 4 to 5 p.m., Mon., Oct. 25,
international Center.
Sigma Xi Lecture, open to
the public. "Some Contemporary
Problems in Hydrodynamics." (i1-
lustrated). Dr. J. H. Wayland, Di-
rector, Underwater Ordnance Di-
vision, Naval Ordnance Testing
Station, Inyokern, Calif.; auspices
of the University of Michigan
Chapter, Sigma Xi, 4:15 p.m.,
Mon., Oct. 25, Rackham Amphi-
Club '730: Members will meet
Oct. 25, 7:30 p.m., in the club-
.ooms, 730 Haven St.
The Student Peace Fellowship
will meet in the Fireplace Room,
Lane Hall, 7:30 p.m., Mon., Oct.
25. The Bull Session will meet in
Lane Hall basement, 7:30 p.m. It
is open to everyone.
Sphinx: Meeting Mon., Oct.
25, 10 p.m., Rm. 3D, Michigan Un-
ion. Election of treasurer and
discussion of future plans.
Pershiig Rifles: Business meet-I
ing and .drill 7 p.m., Tues., Oct.
26, ROTC Rifle Range. Business:
Collection of citation cords, dues,
pledging plans.
1FC Open Meeting. Subject:;
The 2.4 scholarship proposal and
its meaning to fraternities. All
alumni invited to attend. Room
3 K-L-M, Michigan Union, 7:30
p.m., Tues., Oct. 26.
Quarterdeck Society: Tues., Oct.

Fifty-Ninth Year

26, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 3R, Michigan
Union. Captain Morgan, guest
speaker, will lecture on "Practical
Ship Operation."
Wallace Progressives: Member-
ship meeting, Tues., Oct. 26, 7:30
p.m., Michigan Union. Al Mill-
stein will speak on "The Strength
of the Progressive Party."
Ann Arbor Library Club: First
meeting, Tues., Oct. 26, 7:45 p.m.,
Clements Library. Dr. Frank E.
Robbins, speaker.
"Summer Solstice," original play
by Robert G. Shedd, will be pre-
sented by the department of
speech Thursday through Satur-
day evenings at 8 p.m. in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets go
on sale tomorrow at 10 a.m. in the
theatre box office. Students will
be given a special rate on tickets
for the Thursday performance.
I.Z.F.A.: Tues., study group will
meet Oct. 26, 7:45 p.m., Rm. 3A,
Michigan Union. Topic: "History
of Zionism."

Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harriett Friedman ...Managing Editor
bct Maloy..............City Editor
Naomi Stern ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ....Assoclate Editor
Arthur Higbee.......Associate Editor
Harold Jackson......Associate Editor
Murray Grant..........Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey. Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery...... Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ..................Librarian
Business Staff
Richard Hait.....Business Manager
Jean Leonard . ...Advertising Manager
william Cuinan .. ..Finance Manager
Cole Christian ....Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,

Looking Back

"Rainbow's End" was chosen as the title
for the 1928 Mimes opera, according to an-
nouncements made by E. Mortimer Shuter,
general director, and Paul Buckley, treasurer
of the group. "Rainbow's End" was billed as
the twenty-third annual opera production.
A leaky aerial defense almost cost Michi-


Don't worry about the lots the town needs
for the school. I'm sure your mother's PTA
delegation has persuaded Mr. Merrie to sign

f~p rig U $194 , orQ fw{
Re.V.S ot16



So OUR delegation will limit itself
merely to persuading Mr. Merrie to'
sign an agreement for poor Gus here

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