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February 20, 1948 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-02-20

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T'WAS A SHORT
SPRING

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVI, No. 95 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1948

PI~l( I IV+ CENT$

Packers Vote
Strike, Seek
Raise in Pay
Walkout Would
Affect 100,000
By The Associated Press t
CHICAGO, Feb. 19-A strike of
more than 100,000 workers at meat
packing plants in 26 states wasI
voted today by the CIO Unitedt
Packinghouse Workers of Amer-
ica.
Theunion's strike strategy com-
mittee, which authorized the walk-
out after a 20 to one rank and file
vote, declined to reveal the strike
date.
Minimum Budgets
The union said it is seeking a 29
cents an hour raise now, with ad-
ditional increases later to meet
minimum family budget standards
indicated by the Bureau of Labor
+ statistics.
Ralph Heistein, union president,
said two-thirds of the workers
earn less than $1.10 an hour, as
compared with the BLS figure of
$1.39 for a family of three. He said
the present minimum rate in large
cities is $1.02 an hour, with less
paid in the South and smaller
commnunities.
Helsten said the union expected
to continue negotiations with the
companies but said "up to the
present, the packers have made
no "realistic attempts to pay an in-
crease which would prvide for de-
cent living standards . '
Negotiating Underway
The union had been negotiating
with Armour and Company, Swift
& Co., Cudahy Packing Co., and
Wilson and Company.
Swift said the 29 cents wage
raise demand had ,been scaled
down by the union to 19 cents and
thait the company considered even
this figure "exorbitant and un-
realistic ."
The company said the nine
tents an hour increase which it
granted last month to the AFL
Amalgamated Meat Cutters and
Butcher Workmen of North
America and to the National
Brotherhood of Packinghouse
Workers was "in excess of the in- '
crease in living costs since the last
wage increase agreed to in June of
1947."
AVC To Send
Delegates to
HousingTalks
Two University students, Bess
Hayes and Jack Elliott, have been
named by the campus chapter of
AVC to attend the National Vet-
erans' Housing Conference begin-
ning Feb. 29 in Washington.
A delegation of 2,500 veterans
is expected by the seven sponsor-
ing organizations to press for the
passage of the Taft-Ellender-
Wagner Bill. The bill is intended
to 1. encourage private enterprise
to provide as much of the needed
housing as possible, 2. provide gov-
ernment assistance to private en-
terprise and 3. provide government
assistance to localities for slum
clearance assistance and low cost
housing for all low income groups
where private enterprise cannot
do the job.
Housing Survey
A housing survey conducted last

October by University students
showed a population increase in
Ann Arbor of 35.7 per cent from
1940 to 1947 while the number of
housing units increased 9.8 per
cent over the same period.
The national picture looks sim-
ilar. During 1947, 825,000 resi-
dential housing .units were begun
in the face of a national need es-
timated at a minimum of 1,300,-
000.
Critical Factor
A critical factor in the housing
shortage is cited by Catherine
Bauer, vice-president of the Na-
tional Public Housing Conference.
"Only the richest one-third of our
population can afford new homes
built by private enterprise," she
said. (A recent Dow Service sur-
Vey showed that last fall an aver-
age six-room house cost from
$8,180 to $14,128 without the lot.)
The conference is to be spon-
sored by the Jewish War Veterans,
Veterans of Foreign Wars, Dis-
abled American Veterans, Amvets,

News Convention

Will'
The first of an
will get underway at
sponsorship, with 12
ing.

Open

Today

annual serits of college newspaper conventions
2:30 p.m. at the Union today under The Daily's
representative schools and 50 delegates attend-

Business managers and managing editors from Alabama's Crim-
son-White, UCLA Daily Bruin, Chicago Maroon, Colorado's Silver and
Gold, Harvard Crimson, Daily Illini, Michigan State News, The Min-
nesota Daily, Ohio State Lantern, Penn State Daily Collegian, and
the Wisconsin Daily Cardinal will be on hand for the two-day
session.
Following a welcome address by Prof. Robert L. Dixon, secretary
of the Board in Control of Student Publications, Daily managing

* * *

S. L. A. MARSHALL
. . . convention speaker.

U' Democrats
Organize for
Election Fight

The students branch of the
Young Democrats set up shop last
night with the establishment of a
steering committee to lead the
Democratic Party's 1948 fight
here on campus.
Thirty students, headed by
chairman Tom Walsh, became the
nucleus of the first partisan polit-
ical group to function on campus
in many years. They will present
the group's constitution before the
Student Affairs Committee on
Tuesday in a bid for formal Uni-
versity recognition.
Supporters of other' parties are
awaiting the action of the Stu-
dent Affairs committee to deter-
mine the course that partisan po-
litical groups will take at the Uni-
versity.
The new organization set as its
prospectus liberal government
through the election of a Demo-
cratic President and Congress.
The members voted to work with
the Democratic State Committee
and accepted affiliation with the
Committee.
"We're out to present the issues
of the coming campaign to the
student body," Walsh said. "We'll
hold discussion groups and open
meetings..And as part of the larg-
er state body, we'll be in a posi-
tion to make our voice heard in
the formulating of official party
stands."
Fraternity List Reopens
The registration list for frater-
nity rushing will reopen from 3
to 5 p.m. Monday in the Inter-
fraternity Council office, Rm. 306,
Union, it was announced yester-
day.

editor John Campbell will direct
a combined staff session at 3 p.m.
Purpose of this session, and all
sessions, will be to "compare
notes" on operational procedures.
Three other meetings will be
held during the two-day period
for business and editorial staffs.
Daily staffers Nancy Helmick
and Jeanne Swendeman will
lead business discussions, and
Dick Maloy, Harriett Friedman
and Lida Dailes will direct edi-
torial conferences.'
During the meeting three well
known newspapermen and adver-
tisers will be here to discuss spe-
cial problems with the two staffs.
V. E. Canale, president of the
National Advertising Service of
New York, will be at tonight's
session. James G. Paddock, of the
advertising department of the
Chicago Tribune, will be present
tomorrow morning.
S. L. A. Marshall, military
commentator and editorial
writer for The Detroit News,
will make the concluding ad-
dress following a banquet at the
Union tomorrow night. He will
be introduced by University
Provost James P. Adams.
In addition to the banquet, del-
egates have been invited to at-
tend a showing of Rose Bowl
movies in the Union tonight, nar-
rated by Jim Brieske.
The convention will end tomor-
row night with a dance at the
League in honor of the delegates.
Waldron Wins
Two Awards
Freshman Hopwood
Winners Announced
Daniel Waldron won $100 by
capturing first prize in both the
fiction and poetry divisions of the
Freshman Hopwood Contest, while
Malcolm Boesky took the $50 first
prize in the essay division, it was
announced yesterday.
A large and excited audience
gathered to hear the winners an-
nounced and presentations made
by Dean Hayward Kensington of
the literary college. Prof. Roy W.
Cowden contest director, outlined
the history of the Hopwood
awards.
Second prizes of $30 each were
awarded to Robert Uchitelle for
fiction, and Berton London for
poetry. A third prize of $20 for
fiction was awarded to Mary
Wank.
The Hopwood contest is recog-
nized in literary circles as an ex-
cellent criterion of writing ability.
Recent published Works by for-
mer winners include: "Whistle
Stop," by Maritta M. Wolff,
"Years before the Flood," by Ma-
rianne Roane, and "Homeward to
America," a volume of poems by
John Ciardi.

Talk Predicts
FutureWorld
Government
Adler (ontInes
historySeries
By ROBERT C. WHITE
Only one event can be foretold
with certainty by the modern his-
torical prophet, Prof. Mortimer
J. Adler declared in a lecture here
last night.
And that event is World Gov-
ernment.
Delivering the second in a se-
ries of Lane Hall lecture on "The
Interpretation of History," the
Chicago University philosophy of
law professor decried the old but
still current "cyclical view" of his-
tory which, by its very nature, can
prophesy only doom for any cur-
rent civilization.
Persistent Development
Not doom, but World Govern-
ment, is the only sure event in the
history of the future, he said.
Tracing the persistent develop-
ment of the human social unit,
from family to nation, he called
such government "the next ob-
vious political development."
Prof. Adler's prediction was ren-
dered especially striking in view of
his belief that the philosophy of
history is "opinion, guesswork and
imagination" as opposed to the
"reason and demonstration" of the
Neo-Thomist philosophy, for
which he is considered an out-
standing spokesman.
Two other marks of huian
progress-the decline in human
slavery and the growth of democ-
racy-are also evident in histo-
rical study, Prof. Adler said.
Great Significance
The philosophy of history has
tremendous emotional significance
in our time. Prof. Adler continued.
It possesses a value to the imagi-
nation similar to that of poetry, he
said, helping to satisfy an instinc-
tive desire "to find one's place in
time," and adds to a human sense
of motion, direction and goal.
Prof. Adler contrasted his vague
philosophical subject with the
"certain ground" of theological
history as expressed by St. Augus-
tine in "City of God." With the
latter subject, he said, there is no
guesswork and no argument.
Sufficient Record
Twentieth century man, Prof.
Adler continued, is the first to
have a sufficient historical record
to permit "projection of the past
into the future." We are the first,
to even partially understand his-
torical causes and patterns, he
said.
"But we must recognize that the
distance of our view into the fu-
ture is based on the amount of
past history we can survey," he
cautioned. "Think what a wonder-
ful perspective man will have with
25,000 years behind him!" Prof.
Adler added that he has little
doubt that men will still be around
in that distant future.

Lecture .. .
"If Congress has the right to in-
vestigate peoples' beliefs, any gov-1
ernment official, state legislator1
-r city council can ask the ele-i
vator boy how he voted," charged1
;Robert Kenny, National Lawyer]
Guild President speaking here yes-
i'erday.
Kenny, lawyer for 10 Hollywood1
;riters being tried for Congres-
ional contempt, revealed his briefI
n their defense to Michigan Law
tudents.
ight To Inquire
"The Constitution gives Con-t
cress the right to inquire fqr in -
'ormation regarding laws, but the
nformation asked for could not be
)f any aid in passing legislation,"]
he said.
"Our argument," he said, "is so
See LECTURE, Page 6
'U' Announces
All-.A Students
Total Perfect Grades
Hit 94 in Fall Term
The famed lamp of knowledge
gave forth a pure untarnished
glow last term for 94 students
who added perfect all-A records
to their list of achievements.
The total includes 84 students
in the literary college, three each
in the architecture college and
forestry school, two in the educa-
tion school, and one each in the
music and public health schools.
Figures are not yet available
from the engineering college on
the number of its all-A students.
Among those in the literary col-
lege who received all A's are Jane
Auld, Carrol Barber, ChapinBar-
nard, Shelby Baylis, John Berg-
mann, Russell Bidlack, Grace
Blanchard, Giles G. Bole, Rose-
mary Brown, Roger Buslee,
Charles Buswell, William Cling-
man, George Cusulas, James G:
Degnan and Dorothy Ann Dice.
The list continues with John
Edmon, Helen Eggerth, Robert
Evans, John Gehring, Seymour
Glanz, Hadlock Griffin, Steven
Hajos, Anne M. Hammond, John
Hanson, Karl Hecht, Howard
Henson, Thomas Herman, Leah R.
Heslop, Richard Hespen, Roy His-
cock and Frank Hull.
Other all-A students are Janet
Ingling, Layin James, Harry Jor-
dan, Wilma Kaemlein, Faye Kauf-
man, Laurel Keith, Nina Kessler,
Doris E. Kingsbury, Paul G. Klein,
See ALL A's, Page 6 ,

HAPPY OVER VICTORY-Leo Isacson (left), whose Wallace-
backed victory in the Bronx was hailed by Robert Kenny as
President Truman's political death knell. Kenny addressed the
Lawyers' Guild here yesterday. Inspired by Isacson's victory,
Kenny plans to push petitions for Wallace in California.
Kenny Hits Film Investigators;
Sees Wallace on Coast Ballots

By DON McNEIL

President Sounds
Democrats' Cry
Against_ Reaction
Truman Calls for Party Support
At Jefferson-Jackson Day Dinner
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 19-President Truman called on his party
tonight to battle against "reactionary conservatism" and the "privi-
leged few" in the coming elections.
"This is a year of challenge," he said. "I propose that we meet
that challenge head on.
"The people will again decide whether they want the forces of
positive, progessive liberalism to continue in office, or whether, in
these challenging times, they want to entrust their government to
those forces of conservatism which believe in the benefit of the few
at the expense of the many."

Interview . . .
Henry Wallace will run for
president on the Democrat Party
ticket in the California primaries
if insufficient signatures are ob-I
tained on petitions for a third
party.
Robert Kenny, in his capacity
as National Chairman of PCA,
told the Daily Reporter that in all
probability Wallace would defeat,
Truman in the primary.
"Truman," he said, "is dead. Leo
Isacson's victory in the Bronx
only announced services to be held
on November 8th."
"Wallace will never come back
to the Democratic Party, but the
Democrats will probably join him.
Their argument will Ie that if you
can't beat them, join them."
"Labor too, despite the present
split, will rejoin Wallace as his
popularity becomes nore evident.
Their split was because of the fact
that he was a lone man."
"The Bronx upset indicates that
Isacson must have taken some of
the Republican votes also, since
the Party polled only 4 per cent of
the ballots passed."
The forming of a Wallace Party
in Michigan was considered easy
by Kenny, because of the small
number of signatures required to
get his name on the ballot.
Kenny, former Attorney Gen-
eral of California, is returning to
his home state soon to lead the
Third Party attempt to get the
Californian petitions signed. 385,-
000 signatures are required.
Over 400,000 people have agreed
to sign already, but checking must
take place so that, "in their zeal
some of them have not signed
twice."
Last Chance for
Veterans' Housing
Today will be the last chance
this semester for married veterans
to file application for residence
in University Terrace Apartments
and the Veterans' Emergency
Housing Project, according to the
Office of Student Affairs.
Applications may be filed at
the Office, Rm. 2 University Hall.
Although there are no vacancies
at them present time, applications
accepted now will be considered
for future vacancies.
Applicants must be married vet-
erans of World War II and resi-
dents of Michigan in order to be
considered for admittance to eith-
er project, the Office has an-
nounced.

The President spoke at a Jef-
ferson-Jackson Day dinner.
He avoided any direct refer-
ence to dissatisfied elements in
his party. Neither did he men-
tion the Republican Party or
any of its presidential nomina-
tion contenders by name.
But, in an apparent slap at Re-
publicans in Congress, he de-
nounced critics of his ten-year so-
cial improvement program out-
lined in his January legislative
message.
He called them "timid," "defeat-
ists," "backward-looking," and
"'men of small vision and faint
hearts."
"The timid people say that this
can't be done," he said referring to,
his program for improving social
security and justice, production,
education, and housing.
"I know that it can be done,"
he declared repeatedly, "and we
of the forward-looking faith
must dedicate ourselves to the
proposition that it will be done."
"If anyone chooses to call this
politics," he concluded, "then it is
the politics of Jefferson and Jack-
son, Wilson and Roosevelt-and it
is good enough for me."
There was only a faint indirect
reference to the uprising of South-
-rn Democrats against his "civil
rights" program for Negroes, a
3rogram which caused some
Southerners to boycott the din-
ner.
This was when he referred to
Jefferson's conviction that
"True democratic progress could
be attained only by extending
political and economic liberty,
religious freedom, and educa-
tional opportunity."
One of his civil rights proposals
would abolish the poll tax in the
South. Others would make lynch-
ing a federal offense, abolish Jim
Crowism, and guarantee Negroes
equal opportunity for work.
A Southern governors' commit-
tee will come here Monday to "lay
their case" before Chairman Mc-
Grath of the Democratic National
Committee.
Woman Killed
In Auto Crash
One person was killed and an-
other seriously injured in a head-
on collision between a car and a
trailer truck at 8:50 last night be-
tween Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti.
Gertrude Applegate, 19, of Wil-
low Village was killed and the
driver of the car, Kurt Brauns,
23, of Ann Arbor was hurt in the
crash. Suffering from concussion
and hysteria, Brauns was taken to
St. Joseph hospital in Ann Ar-
bor.
Leo Hinkle, of Jackson, driver
of the truck was uninjured, Sher-
iff's officers reported.
The front of the car was com-
pletely demolished and the left
fender of the. truck, wheel and
axle were pushed back.
Sheriff's officers would not
comment on the possible cause of
the accident.
Brauns' condition ws reported
fair as The Daily went to press.

Nazi Marshal
Gets Life fcr
War Crimes
Seven Other Leading
Germans Convicted
NUERNBERG, Germany, Feb.
19-An American military tribu-
nal yesterday sentenced Field
Marshal Wilhelm List to life im-
prisonment for his acts as German
commander in the Balkans.
Seven other high German mili-
tary leaders also were convicted
and sentenced. Two generals were
acquitted.
The defendants were accused of
being responsible for the killing
of an estimated 63,000 hostages in
Greece, Yugoslavia and Albania.
Some of these killings, the court
ruled, were mass murder.
Failed To Comply
The court conceded that most
of the guerrillas who harried Ger-
man troops in the Balkans "failed
to comply with the rules of war"
and thus did not come under the
protection of existing interna-
tional law. Therefore those guer-
rillas could be executed summar-
ily. But the Germans, the tribu-
nal's opinion said, committed ex-
cesses and killed many innocent
persons out of sheer rage.
Further the opinion set a prece-
dent by sharply criticizing the All-
American character of the Nuern-
berg war crimes trials. It re-
proached the "statesmen of the
world" for failing to establish
truly international tribunals.
Bias and Prejudice
There now is room, the opinion
said, for some criticism that de-
feated generals tried by one vic-
torious nation face "bias and
prejudice."
List's close associate, Gen. Wal-
ter Kuntze, also was sentenced to
life imprisonment.
Other sentences included:
Gen. Lothar Rendulic and Gen.
Wilhelm Speidel, 20 years.
Gen. Helmut Felmy, 15 years.
Gen. Hubert Lanz, 12 years.
Gen. Ernst Von Leyser, 10 years.
IRA To Back
MYDA Petition
Urges Rei statement
As CampusGroup
In its first meeting of the se-
mester last night, the Inter-racial
Association voted to send a letter
to President Ruthven supporting
MYDA's recent campaign for re-
recognition as a campus organiza-
tion.
The motion passed states that
by its action IRA is not sup-
porting the ideas or policies of
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action, but mierely its right to
exist as a University recognized
group.
Rev. John Miles of the Detroit
Institute of Applied Religion ad-
dressed IRA members on the sub-
ject of racial discrimination exist-
ing today. He cited various ex-
amples of unequal opportunities
for whites and Negroes, especially
in the field'of higher education.
"In all of the South, with very
few exceptions," he said, "there
are no opportunities for Negroes

SOLDIER'S NEWSPAPER:
Revamped Stars and Stripes
Carries on War Tradition

World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Feb. 19-The
Korean Commission warned to-
day that Korea may "blow up" if
the United Nations fails to unite
the American and Russian zones.
* *' *
CAIRO, Egypt, Feb. 19-Yehia
Hamid El Din, 82-year-old ruler
of Yemen, three of his 16 sons,
and a chief advisor are dead and
a new king and government pro-
claimed, a dispatch from that
Arabian kingdom said today.
* * *
WASHINGTON, Feb. 19-Rent
controls in their present form will
'be extended through March 31,
Congress leaders indicated today.
A longer extension providing some
increases is slated to be approved
before then.
* * *
CHICAGO, Feb. 19-Steel pro-
ducers hiked prices on an in-
dustry-wide front today as
many major commodities con-
tinued a modest price climb that
started last Saturday.
NEW YORK, Feb. 19 - The
American Communist Party con-

(EDITOR'S NOTE:Fourth in user-
ies of articles on the German occu-
pation contributed by a University
student who has just returned to
this country after 18 months on the
Stars and Stripes, famed Army pub-
lication.)
By BARNEY LASCHEVER
The German edition of The
Stars and Stripes, the soldier's
newspaper, is now primarily run
by civilians.
Depleted to a skeleton staff by
the great redeployment at the
war's end, the Stripes was forced
to take on civilians to continue
publication. At present there are
but 35 GIs. among 250 civilians, on

ugly, grey little brewery town in'
the Bergstrasse valley of Hesse,
halfway between Frankfurt and
Heidelberg.
From a peak wartime circula-
tion of 2,000,000 the paper has
shrunk to something more than
60,000 daily. Because the paper is
largely staffed by civilians, it is no
longer supported by the War De-
partment, but must sustain itself
solely by sales. The only funds
paid directly to the Stripes by the
government cover the salaries and
upkeep of its remaining GIs.,
While the Paris Herald Tribune
is also available to EC subscribers.

'IT'S DAINTY TO DUNK':
EmilyPost Abandons Attack on Donut

By HAROLD JACKSON
Emily Post has at last quit pick-
ing holes in donuts.
The lady who invented the fing-

ing is actually the culmination
of an 8-year battle with the Na-
tional Dunking Association, which
claims to be a non-profit, non-

in half and dipped neatly into
coffee or some other beverage."
According to the Association's

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