TME ~U1JTA lL Y,
TH7EE BANNER in the fight against UMT
is being carried by some liberals, ap-
parently not so much in opposition to mil-
itary training itself as to have something
to fight against.
The reality of the situation (that, because
this is election year, 'UMT can't pass for
political reasono is avoided, and the fight
is visualized as a rallying point for liberal
thought and action.
The attack on UMT now is illogical and
may embarrass the liberal element in the
future even if an immediate success seems
to be won. Since UMT will not pass this
year, the attempt to defeat it now is not
valid, not only because of the uselessness
involved, but because UMT will be discussed
How can the issue of military training
be fought out now when the conditions
surrounding its consideration are not even
known? It is impossible to predict what
will happen in the next eight months.
The question of UMT is intricately linked
with the grain harvest this summer in Eu-
rope and midwestern United States, with
the Belgrade cominform, and with the ac-
tions of the government of Argentina, to
name but a few relationships.
The liberals of this view who attack UMT
seem to be floundering for a starting point.
There are many issues, far better suited
for liberal action, which seem to be over-
looked in the flurry of excitement over
The passage of the St. Lawrence Sea-
way project is a fine spot for liberals to
begin. Government reorganization, giving
fairer representation, while it night not
make headlines, is fair game for any
liberal movement. Most immediately use-
ful would probably be an attack on our
These fields are ripe for action on the
part of liberal groups and such action
would do far more good than any wasted
effort in an attack on the phantom UMT.
If the wandering liberals will start in a
sensible place, they will find no stauncher
supporter than myself- but UM T is not that
Iditorials published in The Michigan Daily
gre written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR; ROBERT WHITE
(oopferaIh n \lNe j(,ed4
)PPOSITION to peacetime conscription
comes from a wide variety of ideologies.
Most of the Left, a large chunk of the
Middle and certain sections of the Right
have registered their distaste for the present
plan of Universal Military Training. Its
various makeup made for strange bed-
fellows-in the National Youth Assembly's
march on Washington Monday.
A large portion of the representation was
made up of church representatives. Many
of the Ann Arbor churches sent delegates,
who were joined by a similar group from
Hillsdale College. Fearing that any system
of mass conscription would lead to another
war, the church groups were rallied in a
spirit of "Christian pacifism."
Another group with fair representation
was the teen-age category. Too young to
get in on World War II, the boys fron
17 to 20 years old will be first called
under the UMT plan.
One person, who was waiting in the Cap-
itol Building lobby, had another angle. "I'm
an Army officer," he explained, "but I'm
not in uniform today. We officers are
against UMT because it means we get a
cut in pay."
A large number of delegates came rep-
resenting an assortment of Leftist groups.
Although they were probably in a minority
at the conference, the Leftist elements were
well-organized and vocal, and many of the
declarations and actions of the conference
beir their hallmark. Strangely enough, the
point stressed by the Left element is the
same as that noted by many of the anti-
The best way to fight Russia, they told
congressmen, is with better weapons.
Massed man-power is wasteful of time and
money, and absolutely useless in an
atomic war, they said.
The continued success of anti-UMT pres-
sure will depend on further cooperation be-
tween the varied forces that oppose it. Noisy
name-calling by the various factions may
render the drive impotent, leading to de-
feat of the single purpose at which each is
aiming. At the same time, unless forces
of the far Left show less bull-headed, un-
compromising devotion to their own peculiar
ideologies, the Youth Assembly will be red-
baited and laughed out of existence.
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Iy SA U'L GR AFT'ON
MR. JOSEPH C. HARSCH comes up with
a worry in the Christian Science Moni-
tor. What, he asks, would happen to the
Marshall Plan if Russia were suddenly to
become conciliatory and offer to reach an
accord x ih the U.S.?
It is a staggering question, and we are
ill prepared to meet it. We are, in fact,
prepared for everything in our foreign poli-
cy, except for peace to break out. The
threat of peace, so to speak, would have a
shattering effect on our thinking, and
would, oddly enough, produce a period of
commotion and dismay.
An accord between Russia and the Uni-
ted States, says Mr. Harsch, might reduce
support for the Marshall Plan as no longer
necessary, thus raising the theoretical pos-
sibility that we might leave Western Europe
high and dry. It is sad to think that the
coming of peace could possibly be bad for
anybody on earth, or that the recovery of
Western Europe depends on continued ill
feeling between the two greatest powers.
Yet all this is at least schematically possible,
and it reminds one of the distorted perspec-
tives in the old expressionistic movies, like
"The Cabinet of Dr. Caligeri." We used to
go to see those pictures; now we live in
Yesterday in this space I took the same
problem up from another angle. I tried to
show how the G.O.P. seems to be evolving
a new party line, to the effect that the Mar-
shall Plan is a great improvement on those
bad, old days when we used to meet with the
Russians sand try to work out agreements
Mr. Dewey for example is glad the Mar-
shall Plan has come along to replace the
era of agreenents, and now Mr. Harsch
reports there are those who fear that a
new era of agreements might come along,
to replace the Marshall Plan. Upon what
meat has the Marshall Plan fed, that it
is now better than agreements, even im-
pertet ones, better than accord, better
But, actually, the Marshall Plan is not
better thani a formal accord with Russia.
nor are the two things properly comparable.
We need the Marshall Plan, whether or not
we reach agreement with Russia. And we
need an accord with Russia, whether or not
the Marshall Plan succeeds. The Marshall
Plan is a victim of its own advertising, of
the brassy, raucous and hostile build-up it
has been given. Originally advanced as a
new approach to peace, as an alternate
method of reaching peace, it has now come,
in some quarters. to be considered as even
better than .fornsad1 peace. The substitute
is now believel to be fier than that which
Mr. las-h himself recognizes that our
relations ith Russia are not the determin-
ing factor as regards our need for helping
western Europe, but he fears that if Rus-
sia should turn sweet our extreme right
would be happy to swing against the Mar-
shall Plan, for reasons of economy. I don't
think that would happen. I think the ex-
treme right would be against an accord, if
it dared show its head; I think it would
howl that the Marshall Plan was being vio-
lated, that wood was impudently coming
back to replace plastic.
The fact that the extreme right doesn't
even support the Marshall Plan fully
would present no serious difficulties
against its taking this position; it can pull
off several contortions like this before
breakfast any day. The real problem is to
make peace, and also to rebuild Western
Europe; the extreme rightist who feels
that these two aims are in opposition, or
that they can be swapped, like two nickels
for a dime, only shows that he doesn't
have understanding of peace or of western
Europe, to begin with.
(Copyright, 1947, New York Post Syndicate)
CITY OFFICIALS sit back and say that
there is a city ordinance requiring peo-
ple to clean their sidewalks. That's fine,
but just how do you go about cleaning a
walk that is covered with water which has
no place to go?
Maybe you should put up a sign offer-
ing to water cattle along your sidewalk.
It's a cinch that if you sweep the water off
it will run back again, and if it doesn't
run back it will form a big puddle out in
the street because City officials are sitting
back and saying that there is a law against
dangerous sidewalks and not doing anything
about opening up ice-clogged sewers.
Possibly the city is going by the calendar
which says that spring isn't due for another
month. and that these small time floods just.
can't happen this early in the winter. Or
maybe they are hoping for a quick freeze
which will create some of the needed skat-
ing rinks that were never built this winter.
Whatever the difficulty, it's too bad
that in this "friendly city of opportunity,"
taxpayers and unwilling student contribu-
tors must slop their way around on side-
walks and streets which, in their present
condition, might better be used for canals.
Letters to the Editor...
. _ .._
Experts predict that the Democratic party will rapidly be
reduced to nothing but a lot of Democrats. (News Item).
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN'
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
RAVCHENKO, GUSENKO and the other
well publicized individual deserters from
the Soviet system have evoked a fascinat-
ed interest in this country. But almost no
interest at all has been aroused by the far
piore extraordinary fact that more than
5,000 Russian officials, military officers and
soldiers belonging to the Soviet military
gpvernment and occupation forces in Ger-
many have deserted to the western zones
in the last two years.
Evidently a single Kravchenko, if he writes
a book, is capable of capturing the public
imnagination. Every one of these Russians
Who have fled from the Soviet zone in Ger-
many has taken greater risks to find free-
dom than Kravchenko took.
The fact of these mass deserters from
PUT IT THIS WAY: Citizen A says he's
against religion-or higher education or
what have you-but that he attends church
-or college-regularly, just to play it safe.
Sounds highly irrational, doesn't it? But
how does it sound if Citizen A says he's
against war-but that he supports univer-
sal military training, just to play it safe?
It looks suspiciously as though the two re-
marks amount to the same thing.
If you stayed within earshot of Citizen
A much longer you would be likely to hear
more double talk of the same innocent
brand. He would never say that he was in
favor of arming all the civilians in a
city in order to promote communal liar-
mony, for instance, but he would very prob-
ably say that he was in favor of universal
military training because it would promote
peace. Is the second supposition any more
logical than the first? Or are they both
the sort of thing you might overhear in a
No Victory Yet
WALLACE FOR PRESIDENT backers are
celebrating today. Leo Isaacson, Ameri-
can Labor Party candidate supported by
Wallace won a "smashing viczory" in a Con-
gressional election considered as a test of
strength for the third party candidate.
At the risk of seeming a wet blanket we
must suggest that not only have the Wallace
supporters still a long way to go, but
perhaps they haven't gone as far as they
think the have
the Soviets, first reported in this space
and not since disputed, also poses an im-
portaikt and curious issue of public policy.
The issue can be stated very simply: does
the American tradition of welcoming po-
litical refugees still mean anything at all,
or are those who choose freedom simply to
be told to go, back to slavery, without
A real flood of desertions from the Soviets
in Germany would have two obvious results.
In the first place, no more effective or more
punishing device of psychological warfare
could possibly be imagined. Russians in
Germany have already had their depend-
ents called home and have been required
to live in guarded barracks, in order to
limit desertion to the western zones. The
desertions continue. If they swell to a flood,
the administration of the Soviet Zone would
certainly be part-paralyzed by the com-
bined effects of universal mutual suspicion
and stringently tightened security precau-
tions. In the second place, those who have
fled already have provided invaluable in-
formation about the inner workings of the
Soviet system. The more who come over, the
more will be learned.
The names of the more recent deserters
are closely guarded, although it is known
they include at least one colonel general
and many other personalities of equal
importance. Certain names can be listed,
however, of former German prisoners of
war who have managed to elude the sub-
sidiary exchange agreement.
A. Karpinsky, former professor of geology
and hydrology at the Leningrad Mining In-
stitute and a leading expert on Soviet min-
'eral resources; K. G. Molodetsky, former
director of the economic -department of
the Institute of Peoples of the North; L. N.
Smirnoy, former professor of petroleum geo-
logy at the Leningrad Institute, and V.
Brailovsky, one of the first Soviet physicists
to explore nuclear fission, are among these
Russians now hidden in Germany. Surely
men of this type, whether former prisoners
of war or more recent escapees, should be
brought to America under some relaxation
of the immigration laws, to be formed into
an institute of Russian studies.
(Copyright, 1947, New York Herald Tribune)
THE HATFIELD'S and the McCoy's have
nothing on the Lo's and Chean's of
China. An express train was delayed two
hours a couple of days ago about 15 miles
past of Canton, while these two clans re-
vived an old feud.
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to ali
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 1021
Angel Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1948
VOL. LVIII, No. 94
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Courses may
not be elected for credit after Fri-
day, Feb. 20. The willingness of an
instructor to admit a student later
will not affect the operation of
Graduat<= students may not elect
courses after Febi oary 21. Courses
dropped after this date will b1 r-
corded as "dropped Courses lay
not be dropped after the end of
the eighth week of the semester.
Faculty report on bibliography
is now overdue and should be re-
turned to the Graduate School of-
fice irrespective of whether or not
there is anything to report.
Graduate Students: Office hours
of Dr. Hirsch Hootkins, Examiner
in Foreign Languages, will be
Mondays and Thursdays 2:30 to 4
p.m., and Tuesdays and Fridays
10:30 to 12 noon.
Applications for the Platoon
Leader's Class are now being re-
ceived by the Marine Officer In-
structor at the Department of
Naval Science, North Hall. Two
courses, juniors and seniors, are
offered to interested students
from this University. Freshmen
and sophomores need no previous
service experience, juniors must
have had one year of service in
one of the branches of the armed
forces. Information as to require-
ments, documents, and the sum-
mer program may be had by con-
tacting the Marine Instructor at
Postponement - The Modern
Poetry Club will not meet this
week due to the conflict with Mr.
Adler's lecture. Mimeographed
material fo next week's meeting
will be in the English Office Mon.,
Geology concentrates who plan
to go to Camp Davis this summer
and have not yet made applica-
tion, please contact Prof. Eardley
Summer Camp Jobs: A repre-
sentative of Camp Livingston.
near Cincinnati, Ohio, will be at
the Bureau of Appointments on
Friday, Feb. 20, to interview ap-
plicants for summer camp posi-
tions. Qualifications: Jewish pre-
ferred, experienced, general coun-
selors, and waterfront director.
For appointments call at the Bu-
reau of Appointments or call ex-
Bureau of Appointments & Occu-
U. S. Civil Service Announce-
ment has been received in this of-
fice for Patent Examiner $3,397 yr.
Options + 1. Electrical Engineer-
ing. 2. General (technology, phys-
ics, and pertinent engineering oth-
er than electrical such as mechan-
ical, civil, and clostly related fields
of engineering). Applications must
be received not later than August
31, 1948. However. persons inter-
ested in being considered for po-
sitions which are to be filled im-
mediately should have their ap-
plication on file not later than
Juniors Interested in Research
Opportunities for Student Aids:
The National Bureau of Stand-
ards, the Naval Research Labora-
tory and the Naval Ordnance Lab-
oratqry have decided to establish
special training programs to which
students who have completed their
Junior year would be eligible.
Fields are chemistry, engineering.
mathenatics, meta l iu r'g y and
physics. Salary is $2394/yr. Book-
lets and application blanks are
iled ini our off ice.
Summer Jobs with Socony-
Vacuum Oil Company: There are
openings for chemists, physicists,
mechanical engineers, and chemi-
cal engineers for summer work in
Paulsboro, New Jersey, salary
$51/wk. and transportation. Stu-
dents may arrange interviews by
calling the Bureau, ext. 371. In-
terviews will be held today. For
these announcements, call at the
Bureau of Appointments.
Sociedad Hispanica will present
a lecture by Sr. Federico Sanchez
y Escribano entitled, "La Venus
Barroca," 8 p.m., Thurs., Feb. 19,
Rm. D, Alumni Memorial Hall.
Seminar in Applied Mathemat-
ics meets Thursdays, 4 p.m., Rm.
247, W. Engineering Bldg. Prof. N.
Coburn will speak on the subject,
"Non-steady Flow of Compressi-
ble Fluids," on Feb. 19.
Astronomical Colloquium: Feb.
19, 4 p.m., University Observatory.
Topic: "Photography of the Solar
Spectrum from V-2 Rockets," by
H. E. Clearman, of the Applied
Physics Laboratory, The Johns
Classical Representations Semi-
nar: Thurs., Feb. 19, 4:15 p.m.,
3010, Angell Hall. Prof. Hans
Samelson will speak on Group In-
Orientation Seminar: This.,
Feb. 19, 1 p.m., Rm. 3001 Angell
Hall. Mr. Nemerever will continue
with his discussion of Kron's
Theory of Subspaces.
Graduate Aptitude Examination:
The Graduate Aptitude Exami-
nation is required of all graduate
students who have not had the
Graduate Record Examination or
the Graduate Aptitude Examina-
This semester the examination
will be held at 6:30 p.m., Rackham
Lecture Hall, Thurs., Feb. 26.
Examination fee is $2.00. Candi-
EDITOR'S NOTE: neca1se The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-
eeived (whih is signed, 300 words
or less in leigth and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views
expressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
* * *
r 44c Cr/I risin.
To the Editor:
HAVE REFRAINED from join-
ing the sporadic outbursts
against The Daily's music criti-
cism to date, for various and sun-
dry reasons, all quite valid, but
primarily because I feel they have
been passably done.
But with the last abortion
(Donald Anderson on the Minne-
apolis Symphony.), 1 must join the
Mr. Anderson obviously talks
around the foot in his mouth, and
it's a shame the foot isn't larger.
He may find no fault with the
Leonora Overture. No. 3, but then
perhaps he has never heard it
played well. Or prefers it played
Perhaps the Chausson is a very
important work, but those sec-
tions which sound alternately
like background for a Fitzpatrick
Traveltalk and the last reel of
Lassie Come Home would cause
me to question its ultimate ar-
tistic value. I grant Mr. Anderson
that it is a very powerful work;
but so was the background music
But Mr. Anderson's prize com-
:nent is that "ine presenting two
very well known works to a Uni-
versity audience, Mr. Mitropou-
los failed to show any striking
originality in his interpretations
of them." Thank heavens really
good music endures in spite of a
great many "original interpreta-
tions." Great music has its own
interpretation, and it's Mr. Mitro-
poulos' job to [nd that,;not to
dream up hi s own arrangement.
Is not one Stokowski enough? Or
perhaps Freddy Martin comes
closer to Mr. Anderson's ideal of
a fine conductor?
-A. C. Johnson.
'Rook Beef' Beef
To the Editor.,
BEFORE MISS IVICK does any
more"Book Beef Exposing,"
let her look at a few, nasty o'
floe lniaa('i of her store didl't~
let her do any used book buying.
One or two shrewd, o charac-
ters'at each book store takes care
of that. None of these b'ds ever
pays more than half the price the
students paid in the first place.
They won't even buy the book
unless: (a) They have official
word from the University that the
book is to be used this semester,
and (b) They know that there
is a huge economic demand for
the book. Does Miss Ivick call
that taking a risk?
If any book store manager is
so stupid as to be caught with
unwanted used books under these
circumstances, he should be dig-
ging ditches instead of trying to
run a store. We can't pay him
excessive profits to make up for
The truth of the matter is that
book-stores don't want to touch
used books. They want to sell
thousands of new books, at ten
per cent profit, and many expen-
sive supplies to veterans.
The sky is the limit when Uncle
Sam is paying, and a clever book
operator can make his fortune
right now. He can retire before
the number of GI's starts dwin-
dling, and he won't have to worry
dates must buy an examination
ticket at the Cashier's office and
present a receipt in the office of
the Graduate School not later
than Feb. 23.
Veterans will have a supply Re-
quisition signed in the Graduate
School office before going to the
Cashier's office. This will permit
the purchase of an examination
ticket to be covered by Public Law
346 or 16.
Student Recital: Barbara Blythe
Pianist, will present a program in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor
of Music at 8:30 P.m., Feb. 22,
Ly dia. Miendelssohn Theatre. Pro-
gram: compositions by Schubert,
Schumann, and Chopin. The pub-
lie is invited. Miss Blythe is a pu-
pil of John Kollen.
7 dio Program:
5:45-6 p.m., WPAG, The Cam-
(Continued on Page 5)
then about the indignant students
here who have stopped trade with
the book stores and are doing
their business with the struggling,
little-publicized Student Book Ex-
The Student Book Exchange is
a non-profiteering organization,
regulated by the University and
run by honest, capable students.
Unfortunately it is seidom men-
tioned in The Daily until it has
closed for the semester.
Su bsisten ce URase
To the Editor:
HERE SEEMS to be a group of
people in our midst that
breaks out into a cold sweat
everytime the government threat-
ens to do anything which will im-
prove the position of the veteran,
especially the student veteran.
This letter was provoked by Craig
Wilson's semi-sarcastic editorial
concerning the recent -raise in
It is a myster-y, to me how any-
one could expecta man to come
home after the war and imme-
diately forget that he had been
away for years. Undoubtedly, most
veterans would have preferred it
that way. But this was impos-
sible, and the government recog-
nized long before the war was
over that there would be millions
of men struggling with problems
created by no other circumstance
than their having been in the
Was the veteran in the civil
service? He found himself handi-
capped because he had been un-
able to accumulate seniority dur-
ing the years he'd been away.
Factory workers faced a some-
what similar situation. Small bus-
inessmen and farmers found their
means of livelihood gone because
there had been no one to care
for them while the veteran was
away. And, of course, there was
the college kid who came back
a married man with heavy re-
sponsibilities, and no training that
could help him earn a living.
The government, whether for
political reasons as intimated by
Mr. Wilson, or from some foolish
notion that it was part of the
function of government to help
its citizens solve problems of this
sort, undertook to aid in what-
ever ways it coul.. .
What started out to be a very
adequate solution of educational
problems has not turned out to
be the perfect answer. Thousands
of veterans hae dropped out of
school because they were unable
to depend oi the subsistence al-
lowance in the face of geatly in-
creased living expenses. So Con-
gress has decided tin this year of
election, as Mr. Wilson pointed
out) that it is rather a poor in-
vestment to make a man two-
thirds of a lawyer, or three-
eighths of a doctor, when for
some slight additional expend-
iture you can get the finished
Since this is one of the rare
fields which Congress has ap-
proached with an intelligent, con-
structive attitude I fail to see the
objections to making it possible
Ifor student veterans to say in
school, thereby makingtthe pro-
gram as effective as possible.
I hardly think it necessary to
comment on Mr. Wilson's picture
of life after April 1 being one of
"comparative security" or "liv-
ing handsomely out of the tax-
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authority o1 theBo"ard in Control of
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Lida Dailes...........Associate Editor
Joan Katz.............Associate Editor
Fred Schott......... Associate Editor
Dick iKrau.i .............Sports Editor
Bob Lent.. AssociateSports Editor
Jean Whiney Associate Women's Editor
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'- As oci ' _. i'ir3-s .isexclusively
BARNABY . .
Pop laughed when I told
So I guess swamp oil
0- ''- ~