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May 23, 1948 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-23

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Funny Kind of Year


I HAVE BEEN trying to start a garden,
but this is postwar weather, always a
little wetter each day than you expect it
to be. The patch has been half-dug for a
week. It is only twenty-five yards from the
house, but though I start toward it in bright
sunshine, it rains before I reach it.
Back in the house, the radio mentibns
that the Jews have started a new state,
which seems good. But then it says that
the invading Arabs are in. Something
like the rain that is pelting the garden.
This is the year of the automatic stop,
a hard year in which to start anything.
One day the sun shone bright, and by
staying away from the garden I managed
to keep it like that. It was fine, driving
on the back roads. I came around one turn,
past the quietest meadow in the world, and
there was a man sitting on an old stone
wall, just sitting. But I had the car radio
on, and as I passed him it began to burble
explosively about the Mundt bill for con-
trolling unorthodox thoughts, ideas and ac-
tions. I wondered what the man on the
wall was thinking, and whether it was legal.
He must have been thinking about some-
thing. Maybe he had a letter from some
organization in his pocket, and maybe the
organization, under some interpretation of
the bill, would soon be illegal, perhaps mak-
ing the pocket and the man and then the
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

meadow illegal. You wouldn't think it pos-
sible to interfere with anything so slight in
the Way of action as sitting on a stone wall
beside a quiet meadow and thinking, but,
as I say, this is a funny year; the year of
the automatic stop.
A man just told me that a lot of people
in the neighborhood want to build, but
they're waiting for prices to go down. "They
are ready, but they are stopped," he said. I
knew what he meant.
A funny kind of year; a year in which
something seems to come along to stop
anything that tries to start. Like the Rus-
sians trying to start a peace movement a
couple of times there last week. It rain-
ed before they got back to the house.
Maybe it's sun spots. They say there's
a twenty-some year cycle in sun spots,
and that this year is the top of the rise.
Must be sun spots. For everything seems
so easy, really; just reach out. The world
wants only to plow its acre. It wants peace;
it has just finished a war that was about
peace, among other things. Peace, not long
ago, didn't look as if it was more than twen-
ty-five yards from the house; and now we
have a war going on in the heart of a city
sacred to three faiths. Must be cosmic rays
of some sort.
Just had a call from an old high school
friend, who says our class is going to skip
next year's reunion, and concentrate its
plans on a 25th anniversary get-together
in 1950. "If there isn't a war," he said.
Have to quit now. Got to give a lift to a
young fellow I know who has just found
himself a new job. He isn't exactly plan-
ning a career around it, though, he says;
he expects he'll have to drop it for military
(Copyright 1948 New York Post Corporation)


J. Cohn. Published by the author. 175
pages. $5.00.
open any new book, if one is at all inter-
ested in books. There are some, however,
that for some reason, perhaps expense, per-
haps known content, perhaps richness of
binding, that are particularly so. "The
Quick and the Dead" is one of these. Pri-
vately published books have a habit of be-
ing delightful in such ways as bindings,
illustration, paper quality and printing that
those commercially published have not. Per-
sonal standards of quality preempt those of
quantity and economic expedience.
Martin J. Cohn has done a superior job
i this field of bookmaking. His volume
is slim but arresting, particularly in its color
arangements. His cover is a white on stark
black design, his print and illustrations a
red on tan, and he seems to have recognized
no limit as to the variations of type. It is
unusual to find the originality and care
to detail that have been combined here.
The full-page illustrations that are
scattered throughout the book are per-
paps more to the point, since they are
directly related to the content. Mr. Cohn
has done the sketches himself and has
achieved with them almost a Thurber-ian
stature. They are slim lines of laughter;
quick, laconic, penetrating, and more of-
ten than not, profound.
Mr. Cohn has made himself out a modern
Man or Oil?
BRITISH TACTICS have killed the U.S.
plan to end the bloodshed in Palestine
through the imposition of UN sanctions and
in the process have dropped the sancti-
monious mask of neutrality to reveal the
sordid greed underneath.
While Arab legions, in many instances
lead by British reserve officers, invaded
Palestine, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Brit-
ish delegate, mouthed: "Juridically, they
(government leaders) are doubtful whe-
ther there is a threat to international
peace and they would fear that a search
for the aggressor would land us in inter-
minable and probably unprofitable wrang-
(Undoubtedly, according to the British,
the UN would have to search long and hard
for the "aggressors" and if that stalwart
government's role in aiding the aggressors
were uncovered, Sir Alexander would see
to it personally that the UN would be in-
volved in "interminable and probably un-
profitable wrangles.")
Sir Alexander then, in opposition to the
U.S. resolution to impose UN sanctions,
substituted one which merely asked for an
immediate truce in Palestine without any
provision for enforcement.
The British delegate cannot be so bliss-
fully unaware of the long months of
"wrangling" in the UN on the Palestine
in which he so forcefully figured which
contributed to the present war. Surely
he is not as naive as his substitute resolu-
tion would indicate. Nor is the world so
naive that it cannot trace his oiled words
to its source, the billions of dollars the
British have inveted in entracts with

Diogenes, carrying his lantern into the dim-
lit places and seeking out the honest faith.
He has found none. His tears are bitter,
sometimes probing, sometimes vindictive,
often humorous, if tears may be humorous.
His book is a recording of his itinerary
for many Sundays, many Saturdays, or
perhaps more exactly, many Sabbaths.
The locale is Ann Arbor, with what I
gather, short week-end trips to other
points. The conclusions made in the chap-
ters can be seen by some of the titles of
the chapters themselves: "Je ho-ho vah,"
"Jesus Slaves," "Rape-ier," "A Roming
Candle." The personalities involved in
these chapters may be exactly described
or not, but they are satirically, edging on
bitterly, done, and give the book a racy
pace. Occasionally, Mr. Cohn lapses into
a vernacular which jars a higher level of
wit he establishes, and gives the touch of
unnecessary farce to the material.
THE MAJOR QUESTION raised is whe-
ther his bitter conclusions are justified.
Whether a particular is always an embodi-
ment of a general, whether he has really
been fair to the institution of the church
by his single visits. Emotionalism too often
fades into superficiality, which is a point
for his side, Mr. Cohn would, no doubt, say.
His impression of the church for a particu-
lar Sunday, of a priest or minister or rabbi,
of the people attending, makes no attempt
to touch the larger and sounder idea of re-
ligion that lies above these superficialities;
he ignores, or does not realize that there
are those who can and do rise to the larger
conception. He claims that he entered each
house of worship as the ingenue, as the be-
liever, as one gracefully granting them their
premise, and came out feeling that: "where
I sought beauty,.I found coarseness. Where
I was promised sublimity, there was only
baseness and degradation. Where I hoped
for honest emotion, I was befouled by sterile
automatons, lacking even the saving grace
of humor. I asked for no proof, no reasons.
I went to them on their own terms, and
left on mine." This is the author's state-
I find that the grievances against religion
as he found it in individuals and individual
churches were made up considerably of the
well-established facts that human beings
exude human odors, that the mind of man
is erratic enough to sometimes prefer the
maneuvers of a fly on a wall to the words
of a priest, that the smell of worship is
florid and brocaded, that throats do tickle
and coughs must come, that seams in
omen's stockings are not invariably straight,
that the mammalian glands on the female
body vary as to size, direction and often
existence, that choir-singers have not been
rehearsed to the point of professional per-
fection, that all people who worship do not
own a pair of gray-flannels from Brooks
Bros., or a gown from Dior, and primarily,
that collection plates must be passed or the
candles could not be lighted nor the pews
heated. True, hypocrites do exist in houses
of religion, but how would one know a hypo-
crite if a believer did not also exist? There
are business men, to be sure, who go to
church because of contacts, and children
who go because of force, and women who go
because of social stimulus and the garb of
virtue they think it gives them. But there
nr tha ntharc umhnm r rnn hqc om.

And Why Not?
WHY CAN'T Truman and Stalin clear this
mess by sitting down together and talk-
ing things over? Innumerable men and
women all over the United States and the
world have been asking the question for
many months. And now the question has
gained greatly added urgency from the
strange episode of the exchange between
Ambassador W. Bedell Smith and Soviet
Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov.
One of the rather mixed motives for
Ambassador Smith's restatement of Amer-
ican policy to the Kremlin was, in fact,
the fear that Moscow would publicly pro-
pose another high-level conference. Of
such conferences, as Secretary Marshall
said, we have already had much "bitter
experience." There have been planted
stories, and there have been feelers, like
the Soviet overture to Ambassador Robert
Murphy in Berlin, suggesting the possibil-
ity of such a Soviet move. Why was it
feared? Why did the State Department
not welcome Molotov's expression of will-
ingness to begin Soviet-American discus-
American policy makers, when they are
asked these questions, have a way of re-
plying with a question of their own: "But
what kind of a settlement do you want?"
For this, there is an obvious reason. As the
leader of the major power of the non-Sov-
iet world, President Truman could un-
doubtedly "sit down with Stalin" and reach
agreement. It has been obvious since the
end of the war that the Kremlin would like
nothing better than for Russia and the
United States to divide up the world in the
manner of two small boys splitting a slightly
rotten apple. Immediately after the war,
this desire was very clearly disclosed, in the
Kremlin's frantic propaganda effort to drive
a wedge between this country and Britain.
The Soviet half of the world would be
organized as an immense, monolithic em-
pire. The non-Soviet half would remain
a more congeries of independent nations,
cooperating only half-heartedly and oc-
Here is the heart of the trouble. A purely
artificial division of any territory, includ-
ing the earth, is always possible between
Consequently, the object of American
policy is a natural rather than an arti-
ficial division of the world. As the Ameri-
can policy makers see it, the present situa-
tion has been created by the weakness
of the non-Soviet sphere, which consti-
tutes a standing invitation to Kremlin im-
perialism. But if the West can be restor-
ed to health and strength, further im-
perial adventures will become too risky.
The Kremlin will begin to accept the
status quo as natural and enduring, just
as the leaders of Islam abandoned world
conquest for acceptance of the stattus
quo after their defeats at Lepanto 'and
under the walls of Vienna. Not negotia-
tion, but reconstruction, is the road to
Thus the method, timing and other fea-
tures of Ambassador Smith's communica-
tion to Foreign Minister Molotov may be
endlessly debated. But the whole exchange
r was vastly less important than the prac-
tical measures looking toward restoration
of health and strength in the remaining
area of freedom. One of these practical
measures, Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg's
wisely drafted and remarkably significant
Senate resolution on the U.N., was almost
overlooked in the ruckus about the Soviet-
American notes. The really meaningful
clauses are intended to build a firm foun-
dation under the project of an Atlantic
community growing out of Western Union.
Vandenberg's proposal of these clauses is
likely to be remembered much longer than
the current ruckus.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune)

*It's the Weather
Sipping Cider?
Six sober young men stopped at the Lea-
gue cafeteria the other night - graduate
students, we surmised. But before settling
down to what was probably an informal
seminar in ethics or nuclear fission, they
took collective aim with their soda straws-
and fired the wrappers at each other with
military precision.
* * * *
No Mixed Chorus
With the season upon us, we're reminded
of the fraternity that went serenading a
while back and - instead of finding the
sorority houses they were headed for -
somehow stopped in front of the fraternity
house next door to it.
Unaware of anything amiss, they sang
away, and were given a nasty jolt when the
house they were serenading obligingly sang
bank to, them - in an unmistakable fal-
* * * *
Our favorite political science instructor,
a bespectacled, penetrating and illuminat-
ing chan wa invitedl to moderate a sorority

News of the Week
Peace Offensive
While Moscow continued to advance proposals, based on a letter
to Stalin from Henry Wallace, for a peace conference, and official-
Washington continued to reject them, most observers believed that the
peace offensive was unlikely to produce a break in the cold war.
Last week, Secretary Marshall told a news conference that the testN
of Russian sincerity would come in negotiations through the UnitedT
Nations on eleven issues of outstanding world significance. He charged
the Soviet Government with obstructive tactics on these issues since
the end of the war.-i
Palestine c
The war in Palestine was on in earnest last week as fighting raged B
on scattered fronts. A furious battle for Jerusalem was in progress, S
and troops of King Abdullah's Trans-Jordan Legion appeared to have X
the upper hand.s
No Peace Treaty
Any prospects for an early signing of a peace treaty for Austria 1
appeared doomed, when official United States sources in London saidp
that treaty talks have been suspended indefinitely. Disagreement arose
over Russian insistence on repatriation payments from Austria and
Russian support on Yugoslav territorial claims against Austria.-s
* * * t
German Governmenti
Representatives of the United States, Great Britain, France and P
the three nations of the Benelux union reached an agreement on thet
creation of a provisional government for Western Germany this year.8
Civil LibertiesL
The Mundt-Nixon Bill, designed to curb Communist activitiesP
passed the House by a 319 to 58 roll call vote. The bill bore the en-o
dorsement of the House Un-American Activities Committee. Duringb
the week, Congressmen had been shoWered with petitions, includingv
those from two local campaigns against the bill-that of the Washte-
naw Committee for Democratic Rights and Students against the
Mundt Bill.v
m r * *
James Zarichny, Michigan State College student who refused toq
tell the Callahan Committee if he were or were not a Communist, wasI
convicted of contempt of the State Senate Thursday night, but thep
sentence was immediately suspended.a
The battle in the Far West for delegates to the Republican Na-
tional Convention next month appeared to be swinging toward Gov.f
Dewey as he won sixteen of nineteen delegates elected by the Wash-x
ington State Republican Convention.
On the basis of returns available yesterday morning, Dewey heldt
a 3 to 2 lead over Stassen in the race for Oregon's twelve delegates.i
Most observers, however, continue to indicate a growing strength for
Michigan's Senator Vandenberg.
* * * *r
Atomic Dilemma@
While the White House was announcing the successful testing ofr
three "improved atomic weapons" in the recent experiments off Eni-
wetok Atoll, the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission voted to1
suspend negotiation for international control of the atom.
* * * *
The Senate-House Committee on Atomic Energy approved exten-l
sion of the terms of David E. Lilienthal, chairman, and four otherl
members of the Atomic Energy Commission for two years after the@
expiraton of their present terms, June 30. The decision was a rejectionl
of President Truman's request for terms ranging from one to five years
for the commissioners at the law provides.
National Defense
Rep. Leo Allen (Rep.-Ill.), chairman of the powerful House Rules1
Committee, indicated that his committee would probably send thez
draft bill, previously approved by the House Armed Services Committeet
to the floor of the House for a vote.
* * * *
President Truman put his signature on the bill to appropriate
$3,000,000,000 for the construction of a.seventy-group air force. l
Strikes and threats of strikes gripped the country last week. A1
new coal strike appeared likely when the miners contract expires next
month. John L. Lewis refused to continue negotiations for a new con-
tract when the coal operators seated Joseph E. Moody, president of
the Coal Producers Association in the conference.
The strike of 75,000 Chrysler workers continued last week, and
UAW officials indicated that a strike of General Motors workers was
imminent because of the company's refusal to agree to a thirty cents-
an-hour wage increase.
The sixty-seven day old CIO meat strike was called off against
three of the "Big Four" meat packing firms. Eight thousand workers
the Wilson and Company employes are to remain out on strike.
* * * *
The State Legislature had passed the long debated appropriation
bill, assuring the completion of the Maternity House on Thursday.
The total amount voted for University construction was $3,969,500.
Besides the Maternity Hospital the bill insures the completion of
the General Service Building, Business Administration Building, the

Chemistry Building and the Engineering Addition.
* * * *
LOCAL . . .
The University war memorial was announced Monday-an
atomic research center devoted exclusively to exploiting the peace-
ful and humanitarian applications of atomic energy. The Phoenix
project, which is to be supported by the students and alumni had been
originated back as far as 1946.
Response was unexpectedly good. Student organization were hard
at work by week's end spreading the news of the project and stimu-
lating public interest.
Nationally, the center had the endorsement of the Army, Navy,
and the Atomic Energy Commission.
* *
Marxian Axe
A University Extension Service course in worker's education was
attacked as containing "Marxian ideas of class economy" by General
Motors economist Adam K. Stricker, testifying before a House labor
subcommittee in Washington Wednesday.
The charge, that CIO propaganda was being used as classroom
texts, was refuted by Pres. Alexander Ruthven, but brought a quick
announcement from Kim Sigler that an investigation would be held.
WES officials presistently maintained that the group had no "Marxist
axe to grind."
Board and Room
Board and room rates were going up July 1st, the student body
learned Thursday. High cost of operations in the university's self-sup-
porting dormitories had brought on a $55 increase in the semester's
bill. The increase would amount to a 33 per cent rise over the 1940 rate.
Cooperatives, with a 3500 dollar operating surplus, added a final
touch by decreasing its board 25 cents a week.

(Continued from Page 3)
Musical Society, Burton Memorial
Student Recital: June Van Met-
er, organist, will present a recital
n partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music at 4:15 p.m.,
Sun., May 23, Hill Auditorium.
Miss Van Meter, who has been
studying with Dr. Charles Peaker
during this semester, will play
compositions by Handel, Messiaen,
Franck, Vierne, and Bach. The
public is invited.
Operatic Scenes and Arias, pre-
sented by Opera Workshop under
;he direction of Wayne Dunlap,
in conjunction with the Sym-
phony Orchestra and members of
the Orchestral Conducting Class.
8:30 p.m., Sun., May 23, Hill Aud-
torium. Program: excerpts from
Mozart's Magic Flute; Don Giov-
anni, Marriage of Figaro; Strauss'
Die Fledermaus; Delibes' Lakme;
Rossi's Mitrane; Massenet's Her-
odiade; and Cavalleria Rusticana
by Mascagni. Open to the public
without charge.
Student Recital: Sarah Cossum,
violist, accompanied by Jean Far-
quharson, will play a program
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements f'or the degree of
Bachelor of Music at 8:30 p.m.,
May 24, Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre. Miss Cossum is a pupil of
Gilbert Ross.
Program: Sonata in G minor,
for viola and harpsichord, by
Bach; Concerto in G major, No. 3
by Boccherini; Suite for Viola
Alone by John Duke; and Mozart's
Sonatina inC major. The public
is invited.
Student Recital: Harriet Boden,
mezzo-soprano, will present a pro-
gram in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music at 8:30 Tues.,
May 25, in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. A pupil of ArthurHack-
ett, Miss Boden will sing com-
positions by Strauss, Weingartner,
Brahms, Franck, Saint-Saens, Du-
parc, Loret, and Quilter, and a
group of Finnish folk songs. The
public is invited.
Events Today

Phoenix Plan

To the Editor:
It is not until next fall that we
start raising funds for the Phoenix
Project, yet now I think is a good
time to begin planning for it. My
idea is simple, but I hope a good
If with University backing, the
campus organizations could take
over the selling of refreshments at
the six home football games, the
opportunity for raising money
would be almost unlimited. Also
we wouldn't be asking for contri-
butions, but earning them. In past
years private concessions, I under-
stand, have made huge profits at
the games. I can see no reason
why that money instead of going
to outsiders cannot be reinvested
in the project. The University has
the facilities to buy the food pro-
ducts at wholesale prices. Also
when people find out where the
money is going-I bet sales will
double over previous years-espec-
ially if good-looking coeds wait on
A simple but not impossible case
is if everyone of the 85,000 people
spent an average of $0.15 (with
five cents for costs) the net clear
profit would be $8,500. Multiply
this by six and you have got some-
thing toward helping to make one
of the best ideas in the Univer-
sity's history a success. You can
count me in to help, if it could be
worked out.
-Ross Gunn, Jr.
No Exception?
To the Editor:
It's a poor rule which has no ex-
ceptions. And if ever an example
of this was pointed out, I saw it
this afternoon.
After perhaps ten minutes of
painful effort, a half-crippled,
eighty-year-old lady made her way
up the front steps of the Michigan
Union with the aid of a cane, and
the assistance of another woman
of perhaps seventy years. Breath-
ing a sigh of relief and resting
momentarily for the fifth or sixth
time, she reached the forbidden
"front door."
There she found her way block-
ed by -"the guard" who with feet
planted and stern "they shall not
pass" countenance, informed her
that all womanhood must enter
and leave by the side door.
A bit embarrassed, and with
resignation, this little old lady
hobbled painfully back.down the
steps, without even an offer of as-
sistance from "the guard" who
had turned her away.
I have heard of "doing one's
duty," "the dignity of one's pro-
fession," and all that. But it seems
'to me there must be a better way
to carry on "dear old tradition."
Think it over.
-Frank H. McFerran






)y ,


e tep4


Radio 'Programs:
9:15 a.m., WJR-Hymns of
Freedom, Donald Plott, music di-
rector; James Schiavone, narra-
6:15 p.m., WWJ-TV-Television
Science Series.
7:00 p.m., WPAG-Your Money
Presented by the faculty of the
School of Business Administra-
10:45 p.m., WHRV-Workshop
Drama (Speech Department).
Westminster Guild will meet at
5 p.m. in the Russell parlor. Prof
Lionel Laing will speak on "The
World We Are Facing." Supper
meeting follows.
Unitarian Student Group wil
meet at 6:30 p.m. for a snack
supper, the last meeting of the
semester. Program, review of the
Palestine situation.
Lutheran Student Association
will meet at 5:30 p.m. in the Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall for the An-
nual Senior Supper.
Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at 6 p.m. at the Congre-
gational Church for supper, fol-
lowed by installation of officers
for the coming year.
Roger Williams Guild will mee
at 6 p.m. for supper. Discussion o'
Burma by Rev. Donald Grey wil
Gilbert & Sullivan Society: Fina
meeting of the year, 2 p.m., Mich
igan League. Orders for picture
taken, completion of plans fo
next fall's operetta, and records o
Pinafore will be played. Score
must be turned in to get you
deposit back. All production per
sonnel urged to attend.
Spring Festival at Hillel: 6:30
10:30 p.m. Dancing, refreshments
entertainments All proceeds t
Allied Jewish Appeal.
U. of M. Hot Record Society
"Jazz Overseas," a program o
European jazz artists, will be pre
sented at 8:30 p.m., in the Gran
Rapids Room, Michigan Leagu
Everyone welcome.
The American Indians cam
to this continent from Asia. Th
World Book Encyclopedia report
that during the Ice Age a strip o
land formed a bridge over whicl
Asiatics made their way ntc
Alaska. These travelers move
south around the ice sheets an
went as far as South America.


Fifty-Eighth Year


Edited and managed by students 01
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Sta f
John Campbell .....Managmg NditU
Dick Maloy............ City Editor
Harriett Friedman .. tditorial Director
Lida Dailes ..........Associate Editor
Joan Katz...........Associate Editor
Fred Schott......... Associate Edit'
Dick Kraus.............Sports Editor
Bob Lent ......Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson......Women's Editor
Jean Whitney Associate Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ................. Librarian
Business Staff
Nancy Helmick ......Gleneral MamaS,,W
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Edwin Schneider .. Finance Manager
Dick Halt.......Circulation Manger
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matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class nal
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,
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