See Page 4
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL LVIII. No 164
VVi. iyI .l s
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SUNDAY, MAY 23, 1948
PRICE FIVE (
For Cold Wai
MOSCOW, May 22-(A)-T-
official Russian news agency tc
night blamed the United Stat(
for the present state, of Russo
American relations and sai
"clearly the attitude of the Unite
States government is not conduc
ive to progress in internationo
The news agency, Tass, re-
leased a 13-page statement
which it said reflected "the at-
titude of leading circles in the
Tass listed the same 11 sphere
zf disagreement which had bees
noted by Prime Minister Jose
Stalin in his reply to an open let
l ' ter by Henry A. Wallace. Thi
United States State Departmen
on May 19 detailed its own posi
tion on these points, charging tha
Russia blocked settlements in eac
After citing the Russian posi
tion on the points, Tass said:
"From all that has been sail
above it is clear who bears th
responsibility for the present stat"
of Soviet-American relations."
"Everyone knows that under
the Roosevelt government, the
most difficult international
problems were settled" by the
United States, Russia and Bri-
tain, Tass said.
It added that now the United
States not only violates the de-
cisions made at the Yalta and
Tehran Conferences, but also vio-
lates "decisions of the Potsdan
conference which were taken witi
the participation of Truman and
which he signed."
The statement was the latest in
a series of Soviet-American ex-
changes that began with a May 4
letter from U.S. Ambassador Wal-
ter Bedell Smith to Russian For-
eign Minister V. M. Molotov.
ANNANDALE - ON - HUDSON.
N.Y., May 22-(AP)-Sen. Robert
A. Taft said tonight that "as we
approach an election" it is the
right and duty of Republicans "to
point out the fallacies" of the
Truman foreign policy.
In a speech at Bard College, he
said there has "only been a bi-
partisan policy in a few limited
fields. In most matters the Presi-
dent makes the policy and ask us
to agree to it.
"We have usually done so in or-
der that the prestige of Americ
may not be destroyed because of
conflicting voices in high author-
The U.S. Foreign policy, he said,
ehould, in part, lie based on "con-
sistent opposition to the spread of
Communism in this country and
throughout the world."
"Men like Henry Wallace con.
sidered Communism just another
form of democracy-perhaps a
little better than our form of de-
mocracy. Harry Hopkins the presi-
dent's adviser on foreign afiair ,
was extremely friendly to the
Comw unist regime."
* * *
SPOKANE, Wash., May 22--(P)
-Henry Wallace tonight chal-
lenged the top framers of the
nation's bi-partisan foreign policy
to a series of debates.
He issued the challenge to Sen-
ator Vandenberg, "as the Repub-
ician spokesman on foreign pol-
icy," and either Secretary of State
Marshall or Senator Connolly for
the administration. He described
Senator Connolly of Texas, rank-
ing Democratic member of the
Foreign Affairs Committee as
"Vandenberg's Democratic coun-
The third party presidential
candidate declared, in a speech
prepared for a political meeting
here, that the proposed debates
Dewey Wins in Oregon, 'UN
Stassen Concedes Defeat Fails
To Act in Palestine Wa
Lead of 6,000 Ballots Assures 12 GOP
Convention Votes for Aspiring Governor
I PORTLAND, Ore., May 23-(P)
--Gov. Thomas E. Dewey stopped
Harold Stassen in Oregon today.
It was a major setback for the
e Minnesota contender for the Re-
- publican presidential nomination.
s It gave the New York Gov-
ernor 12 GOP delegates, pledged
Jto support him at the conen-
For Interloch en
Defiance of Petrillo
Dr. Joseph E. Maddy, professor
in the School of Music, won a
foothold on the nation's radio
ietworks for his National Music
Camp Orchestra today after six
-years of Union-enforced exile
from the air-waves.
Announcing that the Mutual
i Broadcasting System would defy
a Petrillo edict, Dr. Maddy said
his high school musicians would
rake over a weekly half-hour spot
on a coast-to-coast hookup.
"The first broadcast will be on
the evening of Monday, July 5,
:nd the series will end on Aug.
16. . .This will be a sustaining pro-
;ram. There will be no fees. The
,ire charges will be met through
an appropriation made by the
VMichigan State Legislature," Dr.
These broadcasts will be the
first by the Interlochen group
;ince it was banned from the air
>y Petrillo in 1942. At that time
ae claimed that the young ama-
eurs' program would deprivej
Jnion musicians of jobs.
Dr. Maddy hailed theaction of
MBS saying "I'm glad Mutual
rives more importance to law than
o the dictates of Petrillo"
The Music Camp is still on the
IBM "unfair list"'and has here-
ofore been refused air time byj
Under terms of the contract,
dhe Music Camp Orchestra will
e heard from 9:30 to 10 p.m.c
each Monday from July 5 throughv
In addition to the nationwidee
Broadcast, the Music Camp will
-ir regular weekly programs over
NKAR, the Michigan State Col-
.ege station at East Lansing, and
WUOM, the University's FM sta-s
Before the ban, the orchestras
played for 12 years over a Na-r
i;ional Broadcasting Co. network.
Since 1942, however, the summer
'roadcasts have been heard only
over WKAR and WCTM.
Branches Out n
Representative cartoons frome
more than a dozen college humorf
magazines highlight the June
Gargoyle, on sale throughout the 1
campus tomorrow morning. A
Billed as the New Gargoyle, theV
June issue carries literary and
photographic features, as well asL
its regular humor articles. Ing
addition to the exchange cartoons, e
"Colifoni," a short story by Hop- ,
wood-winner Richard Kraus is i
On the lighter side, a Gargoyle o
Exclusive brings out the varied s
and sometimes true story of
Jackie Ward, campus songbird, as a
Louella Parsons might have done h
if she'd thought of it first. In a t
true-to-life drama called "Who c
Killed Cock Robin?" Gargoyle f
presents the tortures of a young t
man who tries to understand r
modern literature by way of the d
Daily's Literary Supplement. t
Stassen conceded his defeat i
Minneapolis as tabulations of yes-
terday's Oregon primary balloting
continued to maintain Dewey'.
margin of around 6,000 votes.
Late today the unofficial coun
from 1,493 of Oregon's 1,861 pre-
cincts gave Dewey 76,318; Stassen
A large part of the unreport-
ed count was from Multnomah
County (Portland) which con-
sistently was giving Dewey a
substantial majority. It may be
Monday, however, before the
official count is complete.
Dewey flew from Seattle to Sac-
ramento today, and was congrat-
ulated on his Oregon triumph by
Gov. Earl Warren of California.
Warren is dark horse contender
for the Republican nomination
and California's favoriteson to
whom the state's big block of 63
delegates is pledged.
Dewey described the efforts of
his supporters in Oregon as "heart
Dewey's victory was in large
part due to his surprising up-
state support, which had been
largely conceded to Stassen.
Stassen's statement in Min-
neapolis that he had wired con-
gratulations to Dewey marked
the close of a campaign which
took both men into all parts of
the state and submerged impor-
tant state and local issues.
It also was a sharper set-back
for Stassen than the 12 delegates
would indicate. He had won in the
Wisconsin and Nebraska primar-
ies and a third win would have
been a strong supporting element
at the convention.
Dewey, loser in the other two
primaries, said while here he had
made a vigorous campaign in Or-
egon because "I am tired of see-
ing primaries go by default." This
was his first all-out campaigning
for the 1948 nomination.
Units To Close
West Lodge, single student
dormitory area in Willow Village,
will close for the summer, but will
reopen for men and women stud-
ents in September.
Official closing time is 9:00 a.m.,
June 15, said Richard A. Correll,
Assistant Director of the Veter-
an's Service Bureau. He empha-
sized that although the West
Lodge Area was closing for the
summer, it was each resident's
responsibility to give a three day
notice of intent to vacate to the
West Lodge housing office.
Women students should con -
tact the Office of the Dean of Wo-
men in Barbour gymnasium for
summer session housing. Mary C.
Bromage, assistant Dean of Wo-
men, said rooms would be avail-
able in league houses, and in sor-
ority houses for non-members,
either with or without meals.
Men students can obtain listings
from Esther C. Griffin, housing
nspector, in the Office of Student
Affairs, Rm. 2, University Hall.
The women's dormitory at West
Lodge will be open to women of
graduate age and to women vet-
erans as in the past, Dean Brom-
age said. She emphasized that it
s urgent for those desiring ac-
omodations to contact the Office
f the Dean of Women at once to
ign a contract.
Frances Dunkirk, in charge of
assignments to men's residence
halls, said that for the present
ime applications could not be ac-
cepted from advanced students
or campus dormitories. She said
hat all entering freshmen were
equired to live in University resi-
[ence halls on campus, and had
o be given priority.
j18 Year Olds
'To Miss Call.
Action on Legislation
Scheduled I1ext Week
WASHINGTON, May 22-()-
All Congressional plans for draft-
ing 18 year old youths were re-
ported junked today,
A member of the Senate Armed
Services Committee said 12 of its
13 members have agreed to revise
its selective service bill to strip
out the section calling for one
year of compulsory military train-
ing for 161,000 18 year olds.
The member asked not to be
Squoted by name. Chairman
Gurney (Rep., S.D.) refused to
comment, but it was learned
that he has been checking the
committee members on this
Under the new proposal 18 year
olds would be allowed to volunteer
for one year of service. After that
they would have to serve four
years as members of the National
Guard or other reserve units with
regular drill periods and summer
training camps or cruises.
Men from 19 through 25 years
old would still be subject to draft-
ing for two years.
Army, Navy and Air Force lead-
ers have estimated that they will
get 250,000 volunteers for the one-
year training program, far more
than the 161,000 who were to have
House Speaker Martin (Rep.,
Mass.) last week announced that
the House would not accept any
scheme for drafting 18-year-olds
as provided in the Senate bill.
Senators Taft (Rep., Ohio),
Byrd (Dem., Va.), Wilson (Rep.,
Iowa) and others in that body
also had promised a vigorous
Senate fight against drafting of
the 18 year olds.
The revised Senate bill may be
taken up during the next week.
It is listed for consideration as
soon as the Senate acts on a
pending farm money bill and a
measure to admit 100,000 Euro-
pean displaced persons.
DETROIT, May 22-(-)-The
CIO United Auto Workers today
accused Chrysler Corp. of
planning to use foremen and of-
fice workers as strikebreakers'
Monday and hinted the plan
might lead to violence.
Norman Matthews, leader of
the UAW's 11-day Chrysler strike,
made the charge when informed
the two non-striking groups would
ventory, a task normally assigned
be used next week to take in-
to UAW members.
"Responsibility for any disorder
on the picket lines resulting from
this policy will rest squarely on
the shoulders of the company and
we are so informing law enforce-
ment agencies," Matthews de-
clared in a telegram to Chrysler
Summer Daily .. .
A meeting for all students,
with or without newspaper ex-
perience, who are interested in
working on the editorial staff
of the Summer Daily, will be
held at 5 p.m. Tuesday in the
Conference Room of the Stud-
ent Publications Building.
Demand Made tK
U.S. Proposal for Use of Force in
Holy Land Voted Town by Council
LAKE SUCCESS, May 22-(P)-The Security Council failed to-
night to accept an American-Russian demand for strong United
Nations action to stop the Palestine War.
Instead, it issued its second demand on Arabs and Jews to cease
fire. It fixed a deadline at 36 hours after midnight, Eastern Standard
The final vote on a much-amended resolution was'approved,
8 to 0. Syria, Russia and the Soviet Ukraine abstained.
The question of the UN using force really was decided, however,
when the security council did not approve the United States demand.
That preliminary vote was 5 to 0" * * *
LEWIS AND O'NEIL FACE OFF--Union chief John L. Lewis
(right), who ignored soft coal operators' invitation to resume
negotiations on a new contract, faces Charles O'Neil (left), coal
mine operators' spokesman. In the background are John Owens,
UMW secretary-treasurer, and Harry Moses, representing U.S.
Building of New U Maternity
Hospital To Start Immediately
Construction of the University's
new Maternity Hospital, to cost
$1,649,000, will "start immediate-
ly," according to Dr. A. C. Kerli-~
kowske, director of the University
Last Thursday the State Leg-
islature, in a special "adjourn-
ment" session, ended a deadlock
and passed a bill appropriating
funds for the hospital. At the same
time, plans for the General Ser-
vice building, Business Adminis-
tration building, chemistry and
engineering additions were given
the go-ahead by the Legislature.
Disgrace To State
In a recent visit to the old Ma-
ternity Hospital, Gov. Sigler
termed it" a disgrace to the state."
Subsequently he urged passage of
the bill authorizing construction
of the new hospital.
The new hospital will be fire-
proof and equipped with the most
modern facilities. The structure
will rise four stories with a sun
porch on the roof.
As now planned, the hospital
will cover three-quarters of an
acre and be constructed of a yel-
The Cooley Cane, traditional
award, was presented to Charles
C. Chadwick, at the annual Sigma
Rho Tau banquet held here last
Gavel citations were awarded
to Kenneth W. Allison and Quen-
tin D. Vandervoort. Professor H.
0. Warner of the University of
Detroit won the Tung Oil Crown
with an impromptu speech or- the
subject, "Is Poisoned Economy
Inimical to Free Beer?"
John King of the Detroit In-
stitute of Technology won the Im-
promptu Speech contest. Bob Sil-
verman of the University took first
place in both the Raconteur and
Hall of Fame Speech Contests. R.
J. La Porte of D.I.T. was awarded
top spot in the Project Speech
lowish-white brick resembling the
University Hospital. Its location
will be 150 feet east of the Univer-
Five Delivery Rooms
The Hospital will accomodate 75
mothers and 96 babies. Five de-
livery rooms, two of which are to
be equipped to handle cases with
complications, will be located on
the second and third floors. The
first floor will house examining
rooms, classrooms, laboratories, a
library, supervised nurseries, and
rooms for incoming mothers.
Doctors' offices, including that
of Dr. Norman F. Miller, chairman
of the medical school's depart-
ment of obstetrics and gynecol-
ogy, will also be located on the
first floor. The basement will con-
tain laboratories, the food service
kitchen, and a sterile supply room.
NEW DELHI, India, May 22-
(I)-The alleged triggerman and
eight co-defendants accused of
engineering the assassination of
Mohandas K. Gandhi are expected
to go.on trial for their lives next
week in historic Red Fort here.
The exact day the trial will be-
gin is still secret, presumably be-
cause the government fears an
outbreak of riots or disturbances
such as marked the period immed-
iately after Gandhi's assassination
on Jan. 30.
Security forces are taking elab-
orate precautions to prevent any
attempt to deliver N.V. Godse, ob-
scure Poona newspaper editor, and
his eight co-defendants, or shoot
them down in court or otherwise
The great stone fort built by a
Mogul emperor and once the home
of be-jewelled Moslem rulers will
be cordoned off completely. Se-
curity guards will be posted every-
where about the high towered
walls whose 'half mile circumfer-
ence encloses palaces, shrines and
with six nations abstaining.
Before the final vote, Warren
R. Austin, U.S. delegate, served
notice the U.S. will call for further
action if this 36-hour cease fire
order is not observed.
On the critical paragraph deal-
ing with force, the United States,
Russia, the Soviet Ukraine, France
and Colombia voted for it; Brit-
ain, Syria, China, Canada, Bel-
gium and Argentina abstained.
With that thorny problem out
of the way, the delegates lost
little time in approving a cease
fire order; a demand for the
truce conunission to expedite a
truce for Jerusalem, and a call
on Arabs and Jews to work with
the UN mediator, Count Foke
Bernadotte, of Sweden.
"We believe the security council
should order the parties to stop
action. The United States will
vote for it solely because it calls
on the parties to cease fire in 36
hours. If they do not, the security
council must consider further ac-
tion," Austin said.
A UN observer speculated that
the Arabs might not accept the
cease-fire order when Faris El
Khoury, of Syria, abstained on
the final vote. El Khoury told the
delegates earlier that the Arabs
insisted on assurances against
partition and Jewish expansion
before they would accept an order
for a cease fire.
The United States delegate to
the United Nations made a strong
appeal for council action to de-
dlaresa threat to peace exists in
Austin declared that the
Arabs say they are in Palestine
to make peace but actually they
are waging a "bloody war."1
Mahmoud Bey Fawzi of Egypt
replied, to Austin that the Arabs
are not aggressors. He insisted
they merely were trying to restore
order at the invitation of -Pales-
In London, the United States
and Britain sought a solution of
their differences over Palestine-
their biggest split since the war.
Responsible diplomatic officials
said they will make a new and im-
portant move jointly before the
United Nations soon in an effort
to bring the Jewish-Arab fight-
ing to a stop.
BUCHAREST, ROMANIA, May
22-(P)-The Romanian govern-
ment announced today it had de-
prived former King Mihai and
four members of his family of Ro-
manian citizenship and confis-
cated their vast property hold-
ings-including 143 castles with
The four were Mihai's mother,
Queen Helen; his uncle, Nicolai;
two aunts, Queen Elizabeth, di-
vorced wife of the late King
George II of Greece, and the
Archduchess Ileana of Austria.
In addition the government
seized as national property 16
hunting castles and cottages with
88 rooms, more than 400,000 acres,
of land, and jewels, securities andr
art treasures valued at millions of
d nn l.
U.S. Consul General
Injured in Jerusalem
By The Associated Press
Egyptian mobile forces last
night reached Bethlehem, only
five miles from the embattled city
of Jerusalem where the Arab le-
gion has Jewish defenders bottled
in the old walled city.
The arrival of the Egyptian
troops in Bethlehem was announc-
ed in an Egyptian communique
which also said a mobile column
was pushing northward along the
Mediterranean coast. The force in
Bethlehem was apparently going
to join up with the Trans-Jordan
Arab Legion in the battle for Jer-
.600 Beaten Off
Jewish troops were prevented by
the Arab Legion from fighting
their way through to their besieg
ed comrades in the old walled city.
An estimated 600 Israel soldiers
were beaten off in their three and
a half hour assault at the Zio,
gate in the South Wall.
Hard pressed and apparently
running short of ammunition, the
Jewish ,troops in the city used
ancient underground passages W,
aid their defense.
Shoot Down Four
Jewish headquarters in Tel Aviy
said United States Consul Generl
Thomas C. Wasson was wounde
on the streets of Jerusalem. His
condition was described as "sen-
ous though not dangerous."
British Military Headquarters
at Haifa announced that RAF
fighter pilots shot down four
Egyptian Spitfires which had at-
tacked the British airfield at Ram-
it David, 14 miles southeast of
By The Associated Press
The possibility of larger mea
supplies at lower retail price-
cheered housewives Saturday a
CIO meat handlers prepared for a
return to work in most packing
plants throughout the nation
Sources in the meat packing in"
dustry said settlement of the 67
day old strike against three of th
"big four" meat packers Friday
probably would result in a spurt of
livestock receipts for two or three
,weeks. Bigger receipts, they said,
probably will be reflected in lower
Another labor development:
A long period of government
operation of the railroads appear'
ed in prospect following collapse
of rail negotiations between ti
unions and management in Wash.
ington Friday. One' government
official said the railway labor law
must be strengthened.
I READ IT EVERY DAY,' SAY 70%:
Student Opinion Poll Finds Daily Largely Favored
By MARY STEIN
Student attitudes toward The
Michigan Daily are generally fav-
orable, a poll of 492 students by
be polled by random sampling
Here is how the Bureau's find-
ings the first on a number of
Don't know 8%
Here, women especially freshmen
and sophomores, tended to be
satisfied with The Dilv oftener
or better general news
Better campus coverage 32
Expressed satisfaction 69%
Were dissatisfied 18
Expressed no opinion 12
AT e -n - l1I