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May 21, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-21

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SLAV E"
LABOR?
S~ee Page 4

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4 4UUA6

73,aii4~

CLOUDY,

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII No. 162 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, MAY 21, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Legislature

Passes

'U

Construction

Bill

--4-,

Better Food
Hoped for in
Board Boost
Dorn Reaction
To Hike Mixed
Residence hall leaders yester-
day echoed a general sentiment
among students in University dor-
mitories that the announced raise
in room and board rates "won't be
so hard to take if the food im-
proves."
And most students queried by
The Daily expressed the belief that
the food and food services would
be bettered next semester. East
Quadrangle residents, however,
felt that the situation would not
change and doubted the validity of
University statistics portraying
the rise in food costs.
Robert P. Briggs, University
Vice-President, revealed Wed-
zesday that the average resi-
dence hall rates would jump $55
July 1. The increased charges
will cover 11 additional days of
residence, which will represent a
seven or eight per cent boost.
Hardest hit will be non-veteran
out-of-state students who also will
have to shoulder a hike in tuition.
In the West Quadrangle, presi-
dent Charles West '49, said that
most of the men were resigned to
the rate hike in view of the rise in
the cost of living as quoted by
University officials.
Joyce Cregor, '49, president of
Jordan Hall, said there was a
small amount of griping, but that
the girls there also looked forward
to a more varied diet.
"We all sort of expected a rate
raise," she said, "but I doubt if
it will work a hardship on any-
one. And if the food improves,
it will be worth the extra
money.
Joan Greenwald, '48, former
president of Stockwell, expressed
the view that the action was "very
fair."
"Most of the extra money, as I
understand it, will go toward food
and for the food handlers and in
that light cannot be criticized,"
she said.

BUCK'S 'E' DAY:

w

Michiganensian Starts
Campus Distribution
The 1948 Michiganensian has fnally arrived on campus and dis-
tribution of the new yearbook will begin today, Buck Dawson, 'Ensian
managing editor, announced yesterday.
More than 3,000 copies of the 451-page volume were delivered
to the Student Publications Building last night and another 2,000 are
expected to arrive Monday, Dawson said.
"Student subscribers whose last names are from A through F will
have the first opportunity to pick up their 'Ensians from 12:30 to 5:30
p.m. today, on the first floor of the Student Publications Building,"
Edith Wortsman, distribution manager announced.
Distribution Schedule
Students ranging from G through K will get their 'Ensian Satur-

Guard Moves
To Halt Meat
Strike Rioting
Troops Sent To Stop
Blodshed in Waterloo
WATERLOO, Ia., May 20-
(AP)--National Guardsmen with
fixed bayonets, armored cars and
jeeps were in full control of strike
tension areas in this city tonight.
Nearly 1,000 Guardsmen moved
in without resistance during the
night and today. They were sum-
moned when rioting broke out
lapt night after a CIO-UPAW
picket was shot to death at the
Rath Packing Plant entrance. A
woman picket was wounded.
The guardsmen, sent "in aid
of civil authority" without pro-
clamation of martial law, main-
tained road blocks in the area
around the Rath plant and were
tinder orders "to prevent fir-
ther bloodshed."
Big Difference
As at "big four" packing plants,
the 66-day-old strike against the
independent Rath company grew
out of the union's rejection of a
9-cents-an-hour wage boost of-
fered by the company. The com-
pany, for its patrt, refused to
meet the union request for a 29-
cents-an-hour raise.
The strike, marked by several
relatively minor disorders since
a back-to-work movement was
launched by Rath's last month,
erupted late yesterday when the
company obtained a court order
increasing restrictions on strik-
ers.
Iowans awaited a scheduled
6:40 p.m. (CST) broadcast on
"the strike situation" by Gov.
Robert D. Blue. Blue had called
out the guard at the request of
local civil authorities.
Call Mass Meetings
The CIO-UPAW local, whose
4,500 members have been on strike
from the independent. Rath plant
since March 16, called a night
mass meeting at a high school
auditorium.
The union called on its mem-
bers to "mourn the death" of the
picket, William J. Farrell, 40, who
its officials said "gave his life to
our cause."
County Attorney Blair Wood
filed a murder charge against
Fred Lee Roberts.

, day, and distribution will con-
tinue Monday and Tuesday down
through the rest of the alphabet.
Students who have subscribed to
the 1948 yearbook but have lost
their receipt stubs and all who
miss their allotted times, can ap-
ply for their 'Ensians on Wednes-
day, Miss Wortsman said.
More than 700 extra copies of
the black-bound yearbook will go
on sale on the first and second
floors of the Publications Build-
ing and in all local bookstores to-
day. Students who failed to sub-
scribe to the new 'Ensians may
Today A-F 12:30-5:30 p.m.
Tomorrow G-K 8:30-12:30 p.m.
Monday L-R 12:30-5:30 p.m.
Tuesday S-Z 12:30-5:30 p.m. .. .
.Wednesday open 12:30-5:30 p.m.
purchase them during regular
business hours for $6.50.
The alphabetical distribution
used this year for handing out the
'Ensians work like the University's
See 'ENSIAN, Page 6
Originator of
Phoenix Plan
PraisesSpirit
In a telegram received by The
Daily yesterday, Fred J. Smith,
New York publishing executive
and originator of the plan for the
Phoenix Project, expressed his
"delight" at receiving and reading
The Daily's War Memorial extra.
"With such a start as this and
the spirit that it is certain to
kindle among the students, I am
sure there will be no stopping the
Phoenix Project," he said.
Smith added that he hoped
everyone will spend the summer
"creating an ample stock of en-
ergy, enthusiasm, determination
and patience."
Meanwhile, plenty of enthus-
iasm was being generated at Jor-
dan Hall. Not only were the girls
sending letters and Daily extras
publicizing the Project to their
home towns but also to broadcast-
ing stations, theatre managers,
priests, ministers, and church pa-
pers.
Signs and posters whipping up
spirit for the campaign are plas-
tered all over Jordan and a large
"campaign map" of the U.S. has
been placed in the lobby.
Whenever a publicity letter is
mailed, a "Phoenix feather" is
attached to the town where the
letter was sent.

Arabs Claim
Steady Gains
In Jerusalem
Britain Charged
As 'Belligerent'
By The Associated Press
Trans-Jordan's Arab Legion
claimed possession or access to 80
per cent of Jerusalem's Old City
tonight and advanced steadily
against retreating Jewish fighters
in the New City.
Meanwhile, at Lake Success,
the Soviet Ukraine charged that
Britain is attacking Israel
through the Arab Legion of
Trans-Jordan.
The Soviet view was given by
Vassily A. Tarasenko, Ukrainian
delegate, who charged in the
United Nations Security Council
that Britain is a belligerent in the
Palestine war.
The Security Council named
Count Folke Bernadotte, of Swe-
den, as United Nations mediator
for Palestine.
His selection came after the
UN Security Council wrangled
in two sessions today over
whether to use strong measures
against warring Arabs and Jews
in Palestine or adopt peaceful
mediation.
At Jerusalem, AP correspon-
dent Daniel De Luce reported that
legionnaires captured Tiferet Is-
rael Synagogue, the city's tallest
building, today. He said Haganah
and Irgun Zvai Leumi's Jewish
fighters had withdrawn into an-
other Old City landmark, Beit
Yaacov Synagogue, for a last ditch
stand.
The end of the three-day battle
for the Old City appeared to be
in sight. An unofficial report said
the Arab Legion had possession of
Zion Gate, possibly the best es-
cape route for Jewish fighters if
the Arabs finally drive them outj
of the Old City.
In the New City, Legion gun-
ners forced back Jewish detach-
ments from the northern edge
of the Meah Shearim quarter
and carried them into position
for a raging battle to clear the
Jews from Allenby Square.
Arabs also bombarded Senbed-
riya, a Jewish quarter northwest
of Jerusalem which temporarily
is menacing the right flank of
the Arabs' southward sweep.
Haganah was reported to have
evacuated its stronghold in the
government printing building in
southwestern Jerusalem, but still
held the railway station.
The Jewish and Arab air forcesl
swapped blows during the day inI
aerial activity featured by thel
emergence of the Jewish air fight.,
ers.
** *

T

Full $1,649,000
For 'U' Maternity
Hos p italAssured
Total of $3,969,500 Will Wind Up
Huge Victory Building Program
By HAROLD JACKSON
The entire University Construction appropriation including the
full $1,649,000 needed to complete the Maternity Hospital was passed
by the State Legislature late last night.
The total voted the University for construction is $3,969,500 as
part of the state institutional buildings bill which now goes to Gov-
ernor Sigler for his signature.
General Service Building
Besides the Maternity Hospital, the bill insures the completion of
the General Service Building, Business Administration Building, the
Chemistry Building and the Engi-O * * *
neering Addition.M S St d n
This marks the final appropria-Le L
tion of the Victory Building Pro-
gram begun with an initial grant
by the Legislature in 1946. It is

LEWIS WALKS OUT-John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers
president, leads group of union officials as he walks out of nego-
tiations with soft coal operators in Washington after vote to seat
Joseph E. Moody, president of Southern Producers Association,
as a member of the conference.
'NO AXE TO GRIND'01
TU Student-Lecturer defends
Workers Education Service

[World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
r BERLIN, Friday, May 21 The
Russian military administration
today protested as illegal an
American action banning Rus-
sian-sponsored publications from
the U.S. zone of Germany and de-
manded its immediate revocation.
PHILADELPHIA, May 20 -
President Truman today termed
th~e financial plight of the coun-
try's public school system "a
disgrace."
WASHINGTON, May 20 -Soft
coal operators urged tonight that
wage contract talks be re-opened,
but they and John L. Lewis still
appeared firmly split on the issue
of admitting a southern group of
operators.
LONDON, May 20-Official
United States sources said to-
night that the four-power talks
on an Austrian peace treaty will
bie called off indefinitely.
PHILADELPHIA, May 20-Two
borderline southerners were chos-
en today to direct the Democratic
National Convention.
Senator J. Howard McGrath,
the party's national chairman, in-
sisted the selections were not de-
signed to appease Dixie Demo-
crats revolting against President
Truman's civil rights program.
DANTE, Va., May 20-Six min-
ers were killed and four others in-
jured in an explosion in the No. 2
mine of the Clinchfield Coal Com-
pany here tonight about 11:15
p.m., mine officials reported.
'Berkeley Square'
Continues Today
Students may still treat them-
selves to the threatical version

By MARY STEIN
The Worker's Educational Ser-
vice, now under fire in Congress,
has no Marxist axe to grind, ac-
cording to Bill O'Neill, University
A * *
Stricker Hits
'Marxism nin
1U' Extension
Charges that "the Marxist idea
of class economy" was being
taught in a University Extension'
Service workers' education class
were made by GM economist
Adam Stricker, before the House
Labor Education sub-committee.
Federal Extension Service
The House group is consider-
ing a bill for a Federal extension
service which would offer aid to
state programs for worker edu-
cation.
Stricker said that he had at-
tended a Workers' Education
Service course in which UAW
propaganda pamphlets attacking
management in general and GM
president C. E. Wilson in particu-
lar were distributed.
The course was taught by Sam-
uel Jacobs, of the UAW educa-
tional department, a teacher in
the Detroit public schools for 13
years. Also working for the OPA
during the war, he accepted his
present post in January.
Class Requested Pamphlets
According to Jacobs, the
pamphlets were distributed at the
request of the class, but were not
part of the course content.
Stricker's claims were refuted
bya Arthur A. Elder, director of+
the Workers Educational Service,
who was instrumental in drawing
up the labor extension bill; by
President Alexander G. Ruthven,
and Prof. Z. Clark Dickinson,
head of the faculty committee for,
WES.
Testifying before the Commit-
tee, Elder said that Jacobs may
have made a mistake in distrib-
uting UAW pamphlets in the
class, but he defended Jacobs',
teaching.
Class is Model
The Michigan workers' classes
which he has directed would serve
as a model for classes through-
out the country.
In defending Jacobs, Dr. Ruth-
ven said that the union leader had
been chosen to instruct because of'
his teaching background.

student and part-time lecturer for
the Service.
Economic Report Used
O'Neill said that he has used
for reference in his own lectures
the outline on the President's
Economic Report compiled by
Sam Jacobs, lecturer in the De-
troit class attacked by a GM
representative.
He found Jacob's outline "clear-
ly and completely objective," he
said.
Only eight of 42 part-time
lecturers in WES are union men.
Last year they held discussion
groups and workshops with more
than 56,000 workers in Michigan.
Financed by Legislature
The Service is financed by ap-
propriations from the Michigan
Legislature-about $40,000 a year.
Beside the faculty committee
there is a state advisory com-
mittee composed of two members
each from the University, the
public and worker's organizations.
Cleared for Impartiality
O'Neill said that all his lec-
tures, and those of other speakers
are cleared for impartiality
through Prof. Z. Clark Dickinson,
chairman of the WEIC faculty
committee, and A. K. Stevens,
nianager of the Service's local di-
vision.
"Anyway," he reiterated, "No-
body has any axe to grind."
O'Neill said he'd long been con-
vinced that "workers' education is
a vital force for bringing harmony
to the troubled field of industrial
relationships."
Economics Major
When interviewed by The Daily
yesterday, he was on his way to
lecture before the Kalamazoo
Papdr Workers, an AFL local.
O'Neill's forte is economics-he's
majoring in it here. He lectures to
local and city central unions in
Jackson, Battle Creek, Grand
Rapids and Kalamazoo.
From his notebook he drew a
description of the lecture he was
to give last night. It was a
thorough outline of classical wage
theories-"exactly the same stuff
that's taught by economics pro-
fessors at the University," O'Neill
said.
Spring Carnival
All Sphinx members should
meet in front of the Union at 7:30
p.m. today with old clothes and
dates to board the truck for the
annual outing, Dick Weinberg,
treasurer announced.

believed to be the largest concen-
trated building program in the
history of the University costing
a total of $11,900,000.
Granting of the full amount to
the Maternity Hospital was a vic-
tory for Governor Sigler who vis-
ited Ann Arbor May 29 to inspect
the present hospital and termed
it "a disgrace to the State."
Slap in th4 Face
However the Governor simul-
taneously received a legislative
slap in the face by the Senate's
adamant refusal to grant any
funds to the Northville Mental
Hospital.a
Only by a last minute separa-
tion of the red hot Northville is-
sue from the rest of the institu-
tional construction bill was the
Legislature able to break the dead-
lock which has held all University
construction funds hanging in the
balance since the special Session
adjourned April 29.
Vice President Marvin H. Nie-
huss last night expressed "extreme
pleasure" over final decision oni
the Maternity Hospital. "The Leg-
islators have always recognized
and met their obligations to the
educational needs of the state and
I was confident they would not fail
us," he said.
Carries $500,000 More
The final bill actually carried
$500,000 more for the University
than it did when it was first intro-
duced to the Special Session by
the Senate Finance Committee
March 30 as part of the entire
Capital Outlays Bill. Although the
Northville Hospital issue provided
most of the bill's fireworks, the
Maternity Hospital brought a
sharp Senate-House clash. The
rest of the University grant went
uncontested.
The Senate voted $500,000 for
the Maternity Hospital but the
House insisted upon the full $1,-
645,000. Conference Committees
were unable to agree upon the
amount even after an all-night
session April 29 when it ad-
journed and left the whole con-
struction bill in mid-air.
Carried 'on Faith'
The University's construction
program was carried from then
until yesterday's meeting on
"faith" that the legislators would
keep their promise to grant the
funds. Elsewhere, the delay in
construction appropriations was
protested by a student rally at
Michigan State College.
A possible House-Senate com-
promise on $850,000 for the Ma-
ternity Hospital was wrecked at a
special meeting last week by an-
other flare-up over the Northville
Issue, thus the entire $13,588,148
construction appropriation was
carried down to the last possible
day it could be passed.

State Senate
Zarichny Sentence
QuicklySuspended
By GEORGE WALKER
James Zarichny, Michigan State
College student who refused to tell
the Callahan Committee whether
or not he was a Communist, was
convicted last night of contempt
of the State Senate.
Sentence was immediately sus-
pended,
According to an Associated
Press report, Zarichny was found
guilty in a secret session of the
Senate, after a three hour public
trial.
Attorney Quotes Callahan
Zarichny's attorney, Donald W.
Lauria, of Detroit, quoted Sen.
Callahan as saying that the pur-
pose of the investigation was to
determine if he should be allowed
to graduate from MSC.
Zarichny's attorneys subpoenaed
Prof. John L. Brumm, Chairman
of the Department of Journalism
here on retirement furlough, to
testify at the trial. They asked
Prof. Brumm to define the prin-
ciples of academic freedom and to
explain the procedure of the State
Committee for Academic Freedom,
of which Prof. Brmm is chair-
man.
"I believe the granting of a de-
gree is a matter to be determined
by the faculty-not by a Senate
committee," Prof. Brunn said.
Prof. Preston Slosson, of the
History Department, agreed with
Prof. Brummn's statement con-
cerning the granting of degrees.
'Psychology of Fear'
Everett Bovard, temporary
chairman of AVC, said that the
ending of the Zarichny case is
"one more proof that the psychol-
ogy of fear leads inevitably to the
blind persecution of the most con-
venient political or racial minor-
ity."
Zarichny's attorneys plan to ap-
peal the decision to the State Su-
preme Court, and to the Federal
Supreme Court if necessary.
Zarichny's trial is the first of its
kind in the history of the legisla-
ture.
Rejection Seen
For Mundt Bill
Campus Opponents
Predict Senate Snag
Leaders of campus opposition
to the House-passed Mundt Bill
agreed yesterday that the chances
are against Senate passage of the
present version of the measure.
Prof. Wilfred Kaplan, co-chair-
man with Prof. John L. Brumm of
the Washtenaw County Commit-
tee for the Preservation of Demo-
cratic Rights, believed that "the
Mundt Bill will not pass the Sen-
ate because of the expressed op-
position of such powerful leaders
as Senator Taft." He termed "ex-
tremely unfortunate" the quick
approval of the bill in the House

Arabs

Seize

JOB CHANGES HANDS:
Dave Dutcher Turns Reins
Of SL Over to Blair Moody
By AL BLUMROSEN

41 Americans
AboardShip
HAIFA, Israel, May 20-(P)--
Jewish officials made official rep-
resentations to the United States
Consulate tonight after 69 Jews,
includinp 41 Americans, were tak-
en by force from the American
steamship Marine Carp at the
Arab port of Beirut.
Fifty-one other Jewish passen-
gers-women and children and
several old men-were permitted
to continue the trip to Haifa.
(A communique issued by the
Lebanon Government in Beirut
said that those detained were sent
to a concentration camp. It added
that the 69 were arrested because
they were able to bear arms.)
Search Luggage
An American consular official in
Haifa said about 100 armed Arabs,
mostly in the uniform of the Leb-
anese Army, boarded the ship.
This official said that the troops,
after searching the luggage of all
passengers, lined up all Jews of
military age.
"Apparently officials of the
American Legation in Beirut ad-
vised the Jews to leave the ship at
the command of the Lebanese in
order to avoid bloodshed," the
consular official said.
Removal Over Objection
(In Washington the State De-
partment said the removal was

Dave Dutcher places the Stu-
dent Legislature into the hands of
newly elected president Blair
Moody with an enviable record of
achievements in the past four
months.
Dutcher, tall lanky pre-law stu-
dent, piloted the Legislature
through its most active semester
since it was founded three years
ago. Elected in February to suc-
ceed Harvey Weisberg, Dutcher
saw the procedure of the Legis-
lature's committee system re-
vamped to take care of the issues
that were to come.
Delegates Sent to NSA
During the semester, the Stu-
dent Legislature sent 12 delegates
to the NSA student government
clinic and assisted in trying to

BOOK APPEARS TODAY:
Former U' Man Writes on Religion

DAVE DUTCHER
... Retiring President

By PAT JAMES
A highly controversial book on

The book took three years to
write, according to Cohn, and was

sleeps out all the time. His present
travel plans call for a trip to

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