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May 18, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-18

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WHAT YOU
CAN [e)

LY

it

4 aii4

FAIR
WARMER

Latest Deadline in the State
VLL. LVIH, No. 160 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, MAY 18, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Dewey Hits, Campus A claits New -
' r* '7 A

Seek

U,

.S

Conference

Stassen Lauus
Mundt Bill
Debate Whether
To Outlaw Reds
PORTLAND, Ore., May 17-(/P)
-Republican Presidential aspir-
ants Thomas E. Dewey and liar-
old Stassen took sharp issue to-
night on whether the Mundt Bill
would outlaw the Communist
Party.
Dewey, a foe of legislation to
outlaw Communist organizations,
claimed the bill would not make
the Communist Party illegal.
r
The bill is now before Congress.
Stassen avowed his support of
the bill and said it would "out-
law the Communist Party."
He qualified his stand for the
legislation by saying that certain
provisions go "beyond what I have
.4 advocated."
The two contenders for the Re-
publican presidential nomination
s debated their stands on Commu-
nism over a coast-to-coast radio
hookup.
Dewey said that Willian Z.
Foster, head of the American
Communist Party, and Stassen
maintain the Mundt Bill would
outlaw the Communists.
He then quoted from the report
of the House Un-American Activi-
ties Committee in purported refu-
tation of Stassen's claim.
He said the House Committee
has been doing "a fine, solid
American job. It has been doing a
fine job of exposing the Commu-'
nists."
The report of the committee,
Dewey continued, rejected the
idea of outlawing the Commu-
nist Party:
He said the report gave these
reasons:
1. It would drive the Commu-
nist~s further underground. W('1
need to expose them.
2. Outlawing has not been ef-
fective in other countries.
3. We could not criticize other
totalitarian nations for their ac-
tions if we adopt similar mea-
ures.
Rights Group
Hits Mundt Bill
With Message
The Washtenaw County Com-
mittee for Democratic Rights took
another swing yesterday at the
proposed Mundt Anti-Subversive
Activities Bill now before Con-
gress.
A fifth telegram opposing the
legislation was sent to Rep. Earl
C. Michener, (Rep., Mich.) signed
by 18 professors and 49 others,
Prof. Wilfred Kaplan, of the math-
ematics department, co-chairman
of the group, announced. The
number who have now registered
their opposition to the measure to-
tals 67 professors and 159 others.
Included on the latest list are:
Prof. J. Albaladejo, Prof. William
Egly, Prof. M. Greenhut, Prof.
James B. Griffin, Prof. Theodore
Heger, Prof. Edgar G. Johnstoni,
Prof. George M. McEwen, Prof.
Dean B. McLaughlin, Prof. and
Mrs. A. H. Marckwardt, Prof.
Bruno Meinecke, Prof. K. Schar-
enberg, Prof. Roy Sellars, Prof. M.
Senstius, Prof. . L. Sharfman,
Prof. W. W. Sleator, Prof. Charles
Stevenson, Prof. R. C. Boys and
Prof. and Mrs. Donald D. Brand.
Also: Dr. John D. Ainslie, Mr.
and Mrs. S. Albritten, John M.

Altman, L. Beberfall, Catherine
Benker, Joseph and Helen Craf-
ton, Sidney and Freda Davidson,
R. F. Defendini and Mrs. Myrtle
Dickson.
Others included are: Mrs. Luella
Duncan, Robert J. Eastman, Her-
man and Doris Epstein and Mil-
dred and Ellen Hinsdale.
The list continues with: Harold
and Lois Levinson, Dr. W. M. Kin-
caid, Dr. Bruce Lockhart, Mr. and
Mrs. K. McKean, Robert Mac-
Veety Jr., Malcolm E. Miller, Mrs.
Nellie Monamus, G. and A. Rab-
son, Mr. and Mrs. George Scott,
Arnold Shapiro, Mrs. C. W. Spoon-
er, D. L. Steele, R. C. Steele, R. and
E. Stevens, Daniel Suits, Mr. and
Mrs. H. D. Swander, Robert War-
ner, and Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Whitman.
'Ensian Arrival

UlU1ix~ w ar Mvenwri -
By LEON JAROFF
A wave of enthusiastic and unanimous approval swept the stu-
dent body yesterday as The Daily extra announcing the Phoenix Proj-
ect hit the campus.
Standard topics of conversation were forgotten temporarily as !I
students, impressed with the importance of the announcement, gath-
ered to discuss the event that had placed Ann Arbor on the front
page of every newspaper in the country.-
A spot poll, taken by The Daily a few hours after the news broke,
revealed that only one of the 52 students interviewed had no idea woalimn la
what the Poenix Project was. Some typical comments follow:
Shirley Balbot '51: "This is the most worthwhile and construc-
tive project undertaken by any university for the preservation of civil-
ization. I'm proud to be a student at a university that is taking such
* *progressive steps."Iy

I k-- ,l

* *

*

*

4

viets
(claims i s
srmes
Israel

Recognize

juwiSh

State

.

LS&A Ilaicllly
Will Support
New Project
The University's proposed war
memorial, in the form of an
atomic research center, is enthus-
iastically backed by the literary
college faculty, Dean Lloyd S.
Woodburne, secretary of the
school's executive committee, said
yesterday.
"The project was approved be-
cause it offers a chance to coordi-
nate research in both atomic en-
ergy and its effects on our econo-
mic systems and social ethics,"
Dean Woodburne declared.
Source of' Good
Development of peace-time uses
for atomic power will have reper-
cussions on all fields of knowl-
edge, Dean Woodburne said. For
that reason the future University
war memorial could be one of the
most remarkable sources of good
for the whole country, if properly
handled.
"Atomic energy can revolution-
ize both science and social sci-
ence," Dean Woodburne declared.
"This University would be a fine
location for further research, be-
cause of its wide range of studies."
Dean Woodburne also welcomed
the project as a way of keeping
atomic science out of the spoils of
government. "Scientists I have
talked -to are uneasy about the
uses to which atomic energy will
be put. They are worried that re-
search will be affected by political
differences."
Politicians
"People will have to re-evaluate
social ethics and responsibility to
keep up to date with the implica-
tions of atomic energy," Dean
Woodburne declared. "Unless all
atomic research is thrown into
the ocean, there can be no more
of the current 'dog-eat-dog' phi-
losophy."
Sigma Rho Tau
To Meet Here
The annual national convention
of Sigma Rho Tau, Engineers'
Stump Speakers Society, will be
held here Saturday, with the Al-
pha chapter acting as hosts.
Prof. R. B. Morrison will wel-
come the delegates at the first ses-
sion, to be held at 10 a.m. Satur-
day.
Daniel C. Wilkerson, patent at-
torney for General Motors Cor-
poration, will talk on "Preserva-
tion of Human Speech" at 6 p.m.
Saturday.
Tickets for the Society's banquet
to be held at this time may be ob-
tained from Art Pears at 2-7077,
from Prof. Robert D. Brackett,
Ext. 570, or from any member of
Sigma Rho Tau.

David Stremmel '49: "It is a triIie
positive approach to our problem
and should be very effective."
William Anderson: "I hope the
students of the University give * eWS
the project their full support and rFZl
make the rest of the nation con- r Dro
scious of it."
Billy Van Dyke '48: "Sounds MOSCOW, U
atomic-I'm willing to give my last Soviet Govern
nickel to the Phoenix Project." tonight its offic
Jo German '48: "I'm going to the new Jewish
Europe early this fall and I'm go- Recognition o
ing to try to spread the news set up in Pales
around that part of the world." accorded by the
Charles Bittinger, Grad: ment at the r
"Sounds like a tremendous proj- Shertok, foreign
ect, but it's difficult to see how raei.
such an ambitious undertaking Soviet Foreig
will be carried out." Molotov replie
Betty Clark '49: "The students Shertok that"
should really want to pitch in and of the U.S.S.R
help, with the promise of such recognize offic
magnificent results in the offing." Israel and its
Meanwhile, Dean Erich A. Wal- enment."
ter suggested that students do as Meanwhile, A
much as possible to further the f rom Cairo said
Phoenix Project. He advised them armies have

pen arn
wn 500
May 17-(,P)--The
ment announced
cial recognition of
State of Israel.
of the new state
tine Saturday was
e Russian govern-
equest of Moshe
n minister of Is-
gn Minister V. M.
d in a note to
"The governmentj
. has decided to
ially the state of
provisional gov-
Arab dispatches
d today that Arab
penetrated north-

Wallace Note
To Be Basis
Of Discussion
Stalin Calls Plan
'Step Forward'
LONDON, May 17-Prime Min-
ister Stalin said tonight Russia is
ready, if the United States is will-
ing, to negotiate the differences
between the two nations on the
basis of recent proposals to him
by Henry A. Wallace.
Stalin was replying to Wallace's
"open letter" which the third par-
ty presidential candidate ad-~
dressed to the Russian Prime Min-
ister at a recent political rally in
New York. Stalin's answer was
broadcast by the Moscow radio
and distributed here by the Soviet
monitor.
"I do not know whether the

LAST DAYS-Advertising Manager Jeanne Swendeman, Managing Editor John Campbell, and
General Business Staff Manager Nancy Helmick will spend their last day on the staff of The
Daily today. Miss Swendeman intends to go into advertising work in either New York or Chicago.
Campbell will continue his studies in the engineering college next year. Miss Helmick hopes to carry
on her work in newspaper promotion in Chicago.

J

to keep in touch with the publicity
on the Project so that they know LAKE SUCCESS, May 17-
the fund-raising chairmen when (/P)-The United States and
they are announced. Russia joined today in a demand
Dean Walter also stressed the that the United Nations order
importance of spreading the news the war stopped in Palestine.
of the Project far and wide. He U. S. Delegate Warren R. Aus-
recommended that students write tin, with last-minute instruc-1
letters to their home town news- tions from Washington, told the+
papers and enclose copies of the Security Council the situation +
special edition of The Daily. was a threat to world peace.
* * * - -.__ - .- - - - - - -
eastern Palestine in an operation
Atom which could determine control of1
that fertile region. The area nowt
D e bis claimed by the new Jewish state
is ss bof Israel.
(A Jewish source in Haifa an-
jJ cien'tJiisnounced that "up to 500 Arab1
troops were drowned" when theI
Jews opened a hydro-electric damt
Coming close on the heels of and flooded a plain south of the
the announcement of the Phoenix Sea of Galilee. The source said
Project, a discussion of atomic en- Arab soldiers with tanks and1
ergy provided a timely program heavy equipment were trapped byt
for last night's meeting of the As- the flood.)
sociation of University of Mich- The penetration coincides
igan Scientists. with an advance the Arab high-
Prof. George E. Uhlenbeck of er executive office said the
the physics department led a brief Egyptian army has made in the
discussion period, and expressed south to within 30 miles of Tel
the opinion that Russian isola- Aviv, the temporary capital of
tion was largely responsible for Israel.1
the failure of the UN to agree A Jewish commander in the
n a method of controlling atomic Acre area said Haganah troops-
energy. had swept into the ancient Arab
A broad international agree- coastal town and penned in an
ment on world peace problems estimated 4,000 Arabs in the old
would cause the atomic energyE walled city.
problemutobecome rather trivial, They attacked, he said, from
according to a statement made nearby Napoleon Hill, a point
by Prof. G. S. Young of the math- from which Napoleon himself
ematics department. once tried unsuccessfully to storm
Two films dealing with the basic Acre. The town is the key to Jew-i
principles of atomic energy were ish highway communication with
shown to the group at the close northern settlements.
of the discussion period. Jewish mortar fire from Napol-
When asked about their reac- eon Hill was employed to protect{
tions to the recent announcement Jewish convoys passing throughi
of the Phoenix Project, most of the town and to silence Arab snip-
the scientists felt that a memorial ing from rooftops in the old city
of this sort would be most appro- area.
priate. --
Prof. H. J. McFarlane of the i1 1TJ ,

The Mundt Bill, now before the
House of Representatives is dan-
gerous because it is so vague, ac-
cording to Prof. Preston Slosson
of the history department.
Speaking at a meeting of the
Michigan Committee for Aca-
demic Freedom, Slosson stated
that the Mundt Bill does not de-
fine what constitutes a fellow
traveler or a Communist front or-
ganization.
Under its provisions, he said,
people with the best of intentions
may find, to their surprise that
they are registering as Commu-
nists.
Jack Geist, former chairman of
the American Veterans Commit-
tee, stated that the Mundt Bill is
dangerous because it legalizes the
activities of the House Un-Amer-
ican Affairs Committee.I
"I would like to see Commu-
nists come out as such," Geist
said, "but the feeling against
them at the present time is such
that they cannot."
In a report presented to MCAF
Violence Hits
Picket Lines
UAW-CIO Hints at
New GM Walkout
DETROIT, May 17 - OP)- A
flurry of picket line violence
punctuated the six-day Chrysler
strike today as the CIO United
Auto Workers threatened General
Motors with a second post-war
strike.
Governor Kim Sigler ordered
state police reenforcements into
suburban Highland Park to help
quell an outbreak of fist fighting,
rock throwing and other incidents
at a Chrysler plant. The flare-up
was short lived.
The governor acted as the CIO
United Auto Workers sought to
tighten their grip on 16 strike-
bound Chrysler plants and talked
of plans to call out 225,000 Gen-
eral Motors employes within a
fortnight.
A walkout in 0 General Motors
plants across the nation is a "very
good possibility" unless a contract
dispute is settled by May 28, said
T. A. Johnstone, acting head of
the UAW's GM department.

on the activities of the Callahan
Committee, Geist charged that
the Committee makes accusations
without facts to back them up.
"The Committee pre-judges its
cases," he said, "then hears the
testimonies, but they don't listen
to* the facts presented."
Geist declared that the petition
drive initiated all over the state
to outlaw the Callahan Act will
probably be successful.
State Attorney General Eugene
Black has already declared the
Act unconstitutional. If this ac-
tion is not effective, the validity
of the Callahan Act will be tested
at the polls next November when
the people of the state will have
an opportunity to vote on it.
lHichiga mua
Eyes Paleface
When out from the paleface
wigwamf
From behind the staring moon-!
face
Came the slow and solemn five
booms
TFelling that the evening spirit
Wanders over the woods and
meadows,
Lights the campfires of the
heavens,
Then the Michigamua warriors
In their feathers and their
warpaint
Soon will gather 'round the oak
tree
'Round the ,oak tree called the
Tappan
There to greet the trembling
palefaces.
Many in number wait the bidding
Of the loud rejoicing redskins
For before they take the long trail
To the home of Michigamua
Many trials and many tortures
First must prove their strength
and courage
Ere the redman bids them wel-
come,
Ere he calls each paleface
"Indian,"
Ere the peace pipe smoke goes
skyward.
AIM President Named
Chuck Hooker was elected pres-
ident of the Association of Inde-
pendent Men last night.
The lesser officers will be ap-
pointed later.

MCAF MEETING:
Prof. Slosson Hits Vagueness
Of Mundt Bill's Provisions

lDouse Reveals
New Plans for
Super Carrier
Huge Ship Receives
Sub-Committee OK
WASHINGTON, May 17--()-
A House Committee which pre-
viously approved an air force it
hopes will be the world's most
powerful today cleared the way
for the Navy to build the largest
ship ever launched.
The Air Force Bill eventually
was passed by both House and
Senate and waits only President
Truman's signature. ,
The measure approved unani-
mously by the House Armed Serv-
ices Subcommittee today would
enable the Navy to get started on
a 65,000 ton aircraft carrier al-
most half again the size of pres-
ent ships of that type.
Largest Ship
Navy authorities said the su-
per-carrier would be the largest
ship of any type ever built. Its
cost would be about $124,000,000.
Construction will take four years,
although this could be shortened
in an emergency.
The carrier would be about 10
feet longer than the Normandie,
former French luxuary liner. It
would have a waterline length of
1,030 feet,
Bombers
Presumably, m~itiple - engine
bombers capable of carrying an
atomic bomb thousands of miles
could take off from its flight
deck.
In order to get started on the
huge ship, the subcommittee ap-
proved a Navy plan to stop work
on 13 unfinished ships, diverting
about $229,000,000 for the carrier,
and several vessels designed to
launch guided missiles.
To Take Up Bill
The full committee will take the
bill up next, probably tomorrow.
The nation's top military lead-
ers all approve the super carrier
project, a letter from Secretary of
Defense Forrestal to Rep. Hess
(Rep., Ohio) said. Forrestal said
the President and the Budget Bu-
reau military planners also favor
the project. It was formally pro-
posed by Navy Secretary Sullivan
last week.

United States government ap-
proves of Mr. Wallace's program
as a basis for agreement between
the U.S.S.R. and the United
States," Stalin said,
"As far as the government of
the U.S.S.R. is concerned, it con-
siders that Mr. Wallace's program
could serve as a good and fruitful
basis for such an agreement and
for the development of interna-
tional cooperation."
Stalin said the Soviet govern-
ment considered the "co-exdst-.
ence" of the United States and the
Russian systems as both possible
and necessary, "despite the differ-
ence in the economic systems and
ideologies."
"It is possible to agree or to
disagree with the program of
Mr. Wallace," Stalin said, "But
one thing is, nievertheless, be-
yond doubt; there is no states-
man for peace and cooperation
-among the peoples who can ig-
nore this program."
"It reflects the hopes and striv-
ings of the peoples towards con-
solidation of peace, and it doubt-
less will have the support of mil-
lions of ordinary peoples," he con-
tinued.
Stalin derided the "inadequacy"
of the recent diplomatic exchange
between the two governments. On
May 4, U. S. ambassador Walter
B. Smith conferred with Soviet
foreign minister V. M. Molotov.
Molotov replied May 9 that the
Soviet Union was "in agreement"
with an American proposal for
"discussion and settlement" of
mutual differences.
* * *
U. S. Silent to
Stalin's Offer
Await Meaning of
Russian Proposals
WASHINGTON, May 17-(/P)--
The White House and State De-
partment were silent tonight on
Premier Josef Stalin's offer to ne-
gotiate a settlement with the
United States, and the capital
generally kept its fingers crossed,.
They were waiting to see wheth-
er Stalin's remarks represent:
1. An attempt to befuddle and
confuse the United States and
thereby weaken its hand, or
2. A genuine change in the Rus-
sian tactics which have led to one
impasse after another in interna-
tional gatherings called to
straighten out a war-torn world.
For example, Senator Connally
(Dem., Tex.), ranking Democrat
on the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, told a reporter:
"If Premier Stalin's proposal is
a renewal of an offer to negoti-
ate in accordance with Ambassa-
dor Smith's conversations, I feel
the United States will be glad to
enter into negotiations for a
peaceful settlement of our differ-
ences."
Eleven New Initiates

11V4~~~~~. . L - aa 1
civil engineering department
stated that the project is "fine if
it will work out as it has been
planned." This opinion was shared
by several of the other scientists
questioned.I

ATOM ROUNDUP:
Eniwetok Tests Successful-;
UN Aton GroupDisbands

counc otes
To Dismantle
Local Theatre
The Ann Arbor Common Coun-
cil at a regular meeting last night
approved a bid submitted by theI
Capitol City Wrecking Co., of
Lansing, for the dismantling of
the Majestic Theatre on Maynard
St.
A request by the Washtenaw
County Progressives for Wallacel
for use of the Common Council
chambers was deferred until May
25. Mayor William E. Brown, Jr.,
will ascertain whether the cham-
ber will be available at that time
and so inform the group, The
meeting will be for the purpose
of electing officers and discussing
civil liberties.
A motion to deny the Progres-
sives use of the hall because of
the requirements of Council com-
mittee meetings was defeated 8-5.,

By The Associated Press
The government today an-
nounced completely successful
tests of three improved atomic
weapons, in what was described
as a "milestone in atomic devel-
opment."
Secrecy cloaked all details of
what may well be tremendous de-
velopments beyond the A-bomb
which wrote new history in the
horrors of war by wrecking Hiro-
shima August 6, 1945.
Oral Report
Today's report came from the
White House after Chairman Da-

It was Lilienthal who today de-
scribed the new tests as a mile-
stone in atomic progress.
There has been unofficial spec-
ulation that a guided missile with
an atomic warhead was being de-
veloped. Also, the Smythe report
on the wartime development of
the bomb mentioned the possibil-
ity of producing radioactive pois-
ons that. might be used like poison
gas.
Control Agreement Fails
Meanwhile the United Nations

ON THE FOOD FRONT:
Children of Europe Are Hunger Army

By ALICE BRINKMAN
The largest army in the world
today is the army of hungry
children battling for survival on
the food front.

of Warsaw. A meal for a dog is
more than 8 children get daily in
Athens.
The attack is on a world-wide

of the United Nations, to raise
the necessary funds.
The "quarter-master corps," re-
sponsible for distribution of sup-

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