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May 11, 1948 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-11

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Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LVIII, No. 155 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 11, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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U'tudent Bod Inherits $1000,000

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Reds Seek
To Renew
U.S. Accord
LONDON, Tuesday, May 11 --
'R)-The Moscow Radio said early
today the Russian Government
has expressed the intention of
pursuing a "policy of peace and
cooperation with the United
States" and has agreed with e
U. S. proposal for "discussion and
settlement" of differences between
the two.
The broadcast disclosed a dip-
lomatic exchange of notes between
U. S. Ambassador Walter B. Smith
and Soviet Foreign Minister V
M Molotov,
A Russian statemnt dated
May 9, the radio said, followed a
* U. S. note, sent by Smith to
Molotov May 4, which expressed
the hope the two countries may
"find a way of establishing
good and rational relations" and
ending the "tense state of inter-
national relations."
Molotov's note closed with the
hope, the radio said, that "it will
be possible to find a means of re-
moving existing differences and
establishing between our countries
good relations, corresponding both
to the interests of our peoples and
to the strengthening of universal
peace."
(In Washington there was no
immediate comment from State
Department officials on the Rus-
sian broadcasts).
The radio's paraphase of
Smith's statement said the re-
cently former "European Union
of Nations and the United States
of America, alarmed at the ten-
dencies of Soviet policy, had
united for mutual defense."
The broadcast, while expressing
the Russian's willingness to dis-
cuss Soviet-American differences,
gave no hint of when or how rep-
resentatives of the two countries
would get together
Concert Band
To Perform
Tornorrow
The blended musical talents of
90 concert band musicians will
be exercised to Bach, Sousa and
jazz under the baton of Prof.
William D. Revelli in the an-
nual spring concert at 8:30 p.m.
tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
A varied program including
five "first in Ain Arbor" perform-
ances, a cornet trio and saxo-
phone and piano solos will greet
concert goers.
The cornet trio, "Triplets of the
Finest," stars Mary Kelly, first
cornetist from McCook, Nebr., and
winner of a national champion-
ship, Harold Hillyer, second cor-
netist of Montrose, Colo., with
wide solo experience in the west
and Ray Keith, third cornetist
who is a music school freshman
from River Rouge.
Russell Howland, member of
the wind instrument staff of the
music school will introduce his
own new arrangement of Paul
Creston's "Concerto for Saxo-
phone."
Floyd Werle freshman from
Billings, Mont., will do the solo
honors on the piano for "Concerto
in Jazz," the recently discovered
English composition premiered by
the band on its spring tour -And
premiered for the Ann Arbor au-

dience tomorrow.
Violence Marks

Elderl Bachelor Bequeaths'
Fortune to Needy Students
The Student body of the University is $1,000,000 richer today
thanks to the generosity and quiet admiration for youth of Crapo
Cornell Smith, an elderly bachelor who spent his last 11 years living
at the Union.
Smith was 79 when he died March 4. Under the terms of his will
made public yesterday he left "securities and cash in excess of
$1,000,000, the entire amount to be used as gifts, loans, scholarships
and rewards of merit for University of Michigan students."
Announcement of the establishment of the "fund" was made by

U. S. Court Order
Forces Unions To
Cancel Walk-Out
Brotherloods Yield Before Threat
of Possible Penalties for Contempt
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 10-The nationwide railway
strike was called off tonight. Trains will run tomorrow.
It took the force of two branches of government,
the Executive and Judiciary, to overcome the resistance of
three unions which had set a strike for 6 a.m. tomorrow in
pushing their demands for wage raises.
First, President Truman proclaimed seizure of all the roads in
the name of the Government to avert "a nation-wide tragedy."
Second, Secretary of the Army Royall was turned down on his
personal request to the union t e p t e r m n ao k
to keep their men at work. F
Finally, Federal Judge T. Alan Newsm en Get
Goldsborough, the same judge
who has proved to be the legal
nemesis of John L. Lewis, issued
anestraining orderL.elligths un
ion chiefs: Ai R s r
Cancel the strike order and do
nothing to encourage a walkout.

President Alexander G. Ruthven, w
Gopher Offer
For Cowles
Equaled by IU'
One of the first positive state-
ments to come from the Michigan
athletic administration about the
rumored departure of Wolverine
Cage Mentor Ozzie Cowles was
given to The Michigan Daily by
Athletic Director, H. O. "Fritz"
Crisler last night.
When asked if Michigan would
meet or better the reportedw10,000
dollar offer made to Cowles by
Minnesota, Crisler stated that
Minnesota could or had not made
any higher bid forrCowles basket-
ball coaching service.
Cowles and Crisler held a
lengthy discussion yesterday af-
ternoon over the recent McCor-
mick-Cowles confab at Minneap-
olis last week-end, during which
they considered the terms pre-
sented by Minnesota.
Neither the authorities at
Michigan or Minnesota have made
any definite statements regard-
ing the acceptance or rejection by
Cowles of the Gopher coaching
position.
Minnesota's athletic director,
Frank McCormick stated in a
long distance call from Minneap-
olis, that the final announcement
of the new Gopher basketball
coach would probably be made
sometime after the meeting of
the Minnesota Board of Regents
at noon, Saturday. This board has
to approve any McCormick recom-
mendation for the cage mentor-
ship.
Coach Cowles couldn't be
reached at home for comment
about the conference with Crisler
yesterday afternoon.
Engine Petitioners
Must File Today
All petitions for the engine
school class offices are due at
5 p.m. today in Room 255 West
Engine, Ev Ellin, Engine Council
president, announced.
Offices which are still open for
petitioning are vice-president and
secretary of the senior class and
president and secretary in the
freshman class.
EAGLE-EYED PROFS:
Salesmen-Blasi
Shorts Won't IB
By JO MISNER
Male hopes that longer skirts
would be offset by shorter shorts
were blasted yesterday by local
shorts salesmen.
"Even though shorts will remain
the same length, the legs under
them will be much trimmer," de-
clared one masculine vendor of
shorts. With a slightly red face,
he attributed both neater pins and
greater shorts sales to the men,
whose increased number on cam-

'ho with the Ann Arbor Trust Com-
pany is co-administrator of the
Smith estate.
The "fund," believed to be one
of the largest bequests for gifts
and scholarships .to needy stu-
dents ever given in this country,
carries with it the stipulation that
Smith's name shall not be con-
nected with in the future. Also,
all arrangements between stu-
dents and regents aside from re-
wards of merit and scholarships
must be kept strictly confidential.
"I do not wish any selected
student to be regarded as a
beneficiary of "charity"; rather
to afford a fair opportunity to
a worthy young person," Smith
wrote. "I recommend that pri-
vate inquiry or close observa-
tion rather than competitive
examinations be used as the
basis for making selections."
A member of a distinguished
Michigan family, and grandson
of the late Henry H. Crapo, for-
mer governor of Michigan, Smith
told President Ruthven in the
Spring of 1937 that he was "tired
of living in a big city" and would
like to move to Ann Arbor where
he had been graduated from the
University Law School in 1896.
President Ruthven suggested
Smith give Ann Arbor a trial by
living at the Michigan Union.
Three months later he asked to
remain living at the "student
center" and Dr. Ruthven arranged
a special waiver on the Union's
restrictions on long-time rentals
which allowed Smith to live quiet-
ly in a single room for over 11
years.
According to Union Manager
William Kuenzel, Smith was "a
keen observer of the hundreds
of students who visited the Un-
ion each day. He took special
interest in the students work-
ing their way through school
with jobs at the Union."
Few of the students who saw
Smith in the Union realized he
was wealthy and even President
Ruthven didn't realize his for-
tune was as large as a million
dollars. Smith first talked with
Dr. Ruthven about his will in
1937. "I am confident that gen-
erations of Michigan students will
continue to merit Crapo Smith's
confidence in them," Dr. Ruth-
ven said.
Smith charged that illness, mis-
fortune or accident, along with ex-
ceptional ability and extraordi-
nary prospects for further prog-
ress should be criteria in giving
assistance from the fund.
t Male Hopes;
k Any Shorter
matics department. He added that
he was an advocate of personal
liberty, and despite the fact that
he was practically 65 he thought
he could see as well as the young
fellows. "Nevertheless, mathe-
matics is a subject which requires
complete concentration," he point
ed out. "I would be afraid to send
a girl to the board in shorts."
Prof. Urie Bronfenbrenner, of
the psychology department, (a
married man) took a disinterested
vwofa vibi,innSnmdP,,of.

RAIL UNION CHIEFS MEET WITH STEELMAN-Heads of the three railroad unions, which have
called off their threatened walkout in response to a court order, meet with Presidential Adviser
John R. Steelman at the White House. Left to right: Alfred J. Glover, president, switchmen's
union; David B. Robertson, president, firemen's and enginemen's union; Steelman and Alvanley
Johnston, chief of locomotive engineers.

Continued Aid
To Exchange
Students Seen,
Allen Urges Initiative
For Private Agencies
Continuing partnership between
government and private agencies
in giving aid to American students
abroad and foreign students in the
United States is assured, George V.
Allen, assistant Secretary of State
for Public Affairs said yesterday.
Speaking to the opening sessionI
of the Conference on Interna-
tional Student Exchange, Allen
declared that any future policy
changes will not veer far from the
present course charted by the
Smith-Mundt and the Fullbright
Acts.
More than 300 professional
student exchange leaders, in-
cluding representatives of twen-
ty foreign countries and dele-
gates from 200 colleges and uni-
versities are attending this con-
ference on the problem of the
foreign student in the United
States.
Allen stated that a pattern has
been developed for using govern-
ment funds to stimulate participa-
tion by private agencies in educa-
tional exchange. He cited the rec-
ommendation by the Board of
Foreign Scholarships that funds
from the Fullbright Act be used to
supplement private programs.
There will be an intensifica-
tion of non-financial assistance
also, Allen predicted. He pointed
out that U. S. Maritime Com-
mission responding to a State
Departmient appeal has made
possible the assignment to carry
students to and from Europe
this summer.
Allen warned that private in-
See ALLEN, Page 6
Pollock to Join
Clay in Europe
Prof. James K. Pollock, chair-
man of the political science de-
partment will leave Ann Arbor
Thursday for six or seven weeks to
become personal political adviser
to General Lucius Clay, American'
commander-in-chief in Germany.

COURTS UNFAIR:
Former Defense Investigator
AttacksJapanese War Trials
141 ---

By JIM JACKOWSKI
Most Americans have an entire-
ly false conception of the nature
of the War Crimes trials being
conducted in Japan, according to
George Walsh, lit school senior
who worked for one year as a de-
fense investigator with the War
Crimes Trials Commission under
General Eichelberger in Yoko-
hama.
He took exception to a recent
Daily editorial which stated that
the War Crimes trials have shown
"international criminals can be
Senate, House
Group Agrees
On Air Budget
WASHINGTON, May 10-( )-
A Senate-House conference com-
mittee today agreed on legislation
providing $822,000,000 to get a
modern 70-group Air Force start-
ed.
This means that the program
will go to the White House, de-
spite Secretary of Defense Forres-
tal's. objection that it is so large
as to throw the armed services
out of balance.
The program calls for about
6,800 active combat planes, with
8,100 in storage. This compares
with about 5,500 combat planes in
the present 55-group force, with
7,500 in storage.
However, these figures do not
tell the whole story. The new pro-
gram calls for the purchase of
many thousands of new planes to
replace more obsolete ones in
service.
IFC SING .. .
The Interfraternity Sing will
be held at 7 p.m., tomorrow, on
the library steps. Participants
are requested to be there by
6:45 p.m., and spectators are
urged to arrive early in order
not to delay the start of the
sing.

held responsible for their misdeeds
and brought to trial like ordinary
murderers, and convicted by fair
and dispassionate methods."
"The type of justice meted out
in the Japanee War Crimes
trials just isn't the same kind of
justice we have in this country,"
Walsh said. "Whereas American
courts require that defendants
must be proved guilty beyond
reasonable doubt, the War
Crimes courts do not observe
this rule and have even dis-
avowed it."
Especially bad features of the
trial set-up, he explained, are the
practices of trying whole groups
together and of building the pros-
ecution's case almost entirely on
affidavits of witnesses not avail-
able for direct questioning.
Walsh revealed that almost all
evidence presented by the prose-
cution is admitted, even including
unsworn statements. "Hearsay evi-
dence is admitted by the bushel,"
he added.
"When the prosecution wants
to go to trial, they go to trial,
and it's up to the defense to
try to gather evidence and wit-
nesses and keep up with them,"
he said. He attributes this to
the fact the prosecution oper-
ates directly under General
MacArthur, while the defense is
set up under General Eichel-
berger.
Courts are conducted before a
commission usually composed of
from four to seven American,
British, Australian and Canadian
officers, he explained. Sometimes
these courts are trying three or
fourcases at a time because of the
large number of continuances,
which makes it difficult for them
to keep things straight, he said.
Profession Talks
Dean E. B. Stason of the Law
School will speak omr "Law as a
Profession" at 4:15 p.m. today in
Rm. 231 Angell Hall. At the
same time Dean R. W. Bunting,
dentistry school will discuss "Den-
tistry as a Profession" in Rm. 35
Angell Hall.
All students in all classes are in-
vited to attend.

The unions - the engineers,
firemen and switchmen - thus
faced possible heavy penalties for
contempt if they failed to comply.
They announced that they had
sent out telegrams cancelling the
strike that would have tied up
America's rail transportation sys-
tem.
The long hours of tenseness and
anxiety were over.
About 9:30 p.m., EST, Presi-
dential Press Secretary Charles G.
Ross'announced:
"John R. Steelman, assistant
to the President, has just re-
ceived official word from the
rail union leaders that the
threatened strike has been
called off.
"After the court order was
served on the union leaders,
their committees held a meet-
ing and voted to rescind the 6
a.m. strike order."
David B. Robertson of the Fire-
man's Union, speaking for the
group told Steelman that messages
were going out immediately "no-
tifying the railroad workers of
the action just taken."
Judge Goldsborough, who is-
sued the order restraining the
strike, is the same jurist who
fined John L. Lewis $20,000 and
the United Mine Workers $1,-
400,000 for not calling off a
strike quickly enough this year.
Marshals who served the papers
on the union leaders--Robertson
of the firemen, Alvanley Johnston
of the engineers and A. J. Glover,
Jr., of the switchmen - said they
accepted service good-naturedly.
Union To Elect
New Officers
Michigan Union members will
elect six vice-presidents Thursday
from a field of sixteen candidates
who have been reviewed and ap-
proved by the Nomination Com-
mittee.
Those nominated are E. G. Da-
vid and Erich Zelenski, from the
Law School; Thad Joos, Medical
School; Charles Jaslow and Rob-
ret Laidlow, of the dentistry
school; Jack Higgins, Theron
Mock, Robert Olshefsky and Merl
Townley, L. S. & A.; Harry Evans,
Bruce Lockwood, William Nissler,
Arthur Mancl, Leo Romzick and
Edward Ulvestad, engineering and
architecture schools; and Nich-
olas Muhlenberg, from combined
schools.

The University yesterday gave
newsmen and aviation authorities
a peek at top-secret aeronautical
research work being carried on at
Willow Run.
In a specially conducted tour of
the former war-time bomber cen-
ter, newsmen saw a number of
projects being carried on by Uni-
versity scientists for the U. S.
government.
Specific details could not be re-
vealed for security reasons.
But reporters got a look at a
special designed wind tunnel cap-
able of generating speeds up to
3,500 miles an hour.
The research work got under-
way in fall of 1946. It includes
highly secret work in guided mis-
siles, jet and rocket propulsion.
Conductedby A. P. Fontaine, di-
rector of aeronautical research at
the vast Willow Run airport, the
tour included top ranking state
aviation officials in addition to
Detroit authorites.
They viewed highly technical
devices on display during the tour
but were quickly shunted past re-
stricted portions of the research
center.
Sforza Quits
Race for Italy
President Post
ROME, Tuesday, May 11-(P)--
Foreign Minister Carlo Sforza, ap-
parent leading candidate for the
Italian presidency, has asked that
his name be withdrawn, it was re-
ported early today.
Sources close to the 74-year-old
foreign minister said Sforza told
leaders of Premier Alcide De Gas-
peri's Christian Democratic Party
that he preferred to withdraw
rather than be elected.
"Don't push my candidacy any
further," he was quoted as telling
a Christian Democratic delegation
which visited him last night to
discuss yesterday's presidential
vote in parliament.
The parliament failed yesterday
in two hotly contested ballots to
elect a president of the new re-
public. The vote was scheduled to
be resumed later this morning.
Group Forms
To Protest Bill
A new campus committee was
formed yesterday to protest the
Mundt Bill which will be intro-
duced on the floor of the House of
Representatives Thursday.
The Bill, entitled The Subver-

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