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May 01, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-01

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REFORM IS
OVERDUE
See Page 4

1MwA6

luiA4tti;

INCREASING CLOUDINESS

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LVIII, No. 147 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 1, 1948-
I I ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S. Industry
Threatened
With Strikes
Showdown Set
For This Month
By The Associated Press
Labor-management differences
erupted Friday in the worst crisis
since the wave of strikes that
swept the country following the
war's end.
Strikes or threats of strikes
hung over five of the nation's vi-
tal industries.
The showdown-expected large-
ly during the month of May-has
resulted, from a collision of labor's
demands for another round of
wage boosts against a stiffening
wall of management resistance to
higher operating costs.
These were the major develop-
ments Friday:
1-The CIO United Auto Work-
ers set May 12 for a strike of 75,-
000 Chrysler Corp. employes.
2-John L. Lewis called on
soft coal operators to start ne-
gotiations on a new contract
May 18. The present contract
expires June 30. Lewis and his
400,000 United Mine Workers
are under an injunction not to
strike for pension payments, but
most lawyers say he could call
a new strike over a contract.
3-Federal mediators, seeking
to avert a nationwide rail strike
set for May 11, reported hope that
it might be staved off. Chairman
Frank P. Douglas of the National
(Railway) Mediation Board said
after a day-long session with un-
ions and rail leaders that "there
is a possibility that we might be
able to make some recommenda-
tions that are not already included
in the emergency board's report
which might stave off the strike."
More than 190,000 workers are in-
volved in the strike call.
4-The CIO United Electrical
Workers Union announced it
has completed all legal require-
ments for a strike of 200,000 of
its members against the Gen-
eral Electric and Westinghouse
companies and the electrical di-
vision of General Motors.
5-Federal conciliators in Wash-
ington, who have made no prog-
ress toward settling the 47 day old
strike of nearly 100,000 CIO meat
handlers, re cc e ss ed conferences
over the weekend. Senator Edwin
C. Johnson (Dem., Colo.) asked
for a Congressional inquiry into
the strike.
Local Bypass
Planned for
Expressway
Plans for an Ann Arbor bypass
on the route of the proposed Chi-
cago-Detroit Expressway moved a
step nearer reality at a meeting in
Ann Arbor of State Highway Com-
missioner Charles M. Ziegler with
65 "along-the-route" highway en-
thusiasts.
The new cutoff would extend
from the western end of the
Willow Run Expressway at U.S.-
23 south of Ann Arbor to a junc-
tion with U.S.-12 west of the city.
Other bypasses are planned
around Albion, Marshall, Battle
Creek, and Kalamazoo, with con-
struction already begun at Jack-
son.
At the meeting, sponsored by

the Automobile Club of Michigan,
more rapid progress on the bypass
was urged as a national defense
measure, and to take advantage
of "new favorable legislation now
advancing through Congress."
Samuel C. Hadden, chief engi-
neer of the project, pointed out
that "the new federal measures
would provide Michigan with an
added $50,000,000 road funds in
the next three years."

Red Issue Splits Labor
On May Day Holiday
Today is May Day-traditional international labor holiday.
And throughout the civilized world, working men have laid down
their tools and are demonstrating their might in mass parades.
In western Europe, the Communist issue has split the workers,
and where in the past joint celebrations have been held, this year
the more moderate left has refused to be seen in the same parades
with the Communist.
The Associated Press reports that rival parades will be held in
London, Stockholm, Copenhageh, Oslo, Paris, Berlin, Amsterdam and
Brussels. There will be separate celebrations even in Helsinki.
Parades in U. S.
In the United States, parades by both left-wing and anti-Commu-
nist groups are scheduled today in several cities, among them New
York, Philadelphia, Chicago and Los Angeles.
In some localities, the Veterans of Foreign Wars will march in

-<11

7

House Group
Finishes Work
On Draft Bill
Would Register All
Men 18 to 30 Years
WASHINGTON, April 30-(/)-
The House Armed Services Com-
mittee has finished work on a
draft bill and will vote Monday,
Chairman Andrews (Rep., N.Y.)
said today.
Under the bill all men 18
through 30 would register, and
those 19 through 25 would be
liable for two years service. Most
veterans would be exempt.
The measure contains no men-
tion of Universal Military Train-
ing.
It differs in several respects
from one being studied by the
Senate Armed Services Commit-
tee. The Senate measure combines
both draft and UMT, and would
register men 18 through 25, and
draft those 191/2 through 25.
Teen age trainees, under th'e
Senate measure, would be trained
in the regular armed forces along
with draftees. Under an original
Administration proposal, an elab-
orate system of UMT camps
would have been set up to train
younger me, apart from the
armed services.
Full Senate action on the $3,-
233,000,000 bill to start a 70-group
air force and otherwise strength-
en the armed forces didn't get
under way as promptly as the Ap-
propriations Committee had
hoped.
The Committee yesterday by a
sweeping 16 to 1 vote approved
the funds and rushed the measure
to the Senate. They wanted the
Senate to take action on it to-
day.
But the Senate's full time today
was taken up with the Housing
Bill, and the appropriations meas-
ure had to wait.
The delay will set the bill back
several days, Chairman Bridges
(Rep., N.H.) of the Appropriations
Committee said. He said it will
now be impossible to get the 70-
group air force bill to the Senate
before next Wednesday, and may-
be not then.
Edwards Will
Open Parley
George Edwards, president of
the Detroit Common Council will
be the keynote speaker at the an-
nual spring parley, on Friday,
the Parley Committee announced
yesterday.
Edwards will initiate two days
of forums and panel discussions
on the general topic, "Is World
Peace Possible?" Sponsored by the
ADA, the panels will each be led
by two or more faculty members.
A student chairman will preside
over each meeting.

>competition with left-wing dem-
onstrations. The VFW has desig-
nated May 1 as "Loyalty Day."
Only observance of the day in
Ann Arbor will be a May Day
breakfast sponsored by the Wash-
tenaw County section of the Com-
munist Party.
Students To Attend
Ernest Ellis, student director of
the CP at Michigan, revealed that
students from other schools in
Michigan had left for New York to
attend the celebrations. He knew
of no Ann Arbor students in the
contingent.
Contrary to popular teaching,
May Day as a labor day is not a
foreign importation, but traces its
origins to Chicago.
In 1886, thousands of Chicago
workers left their jobs on May 1
and rallied under the slogan
"Eight hours of work, eight hours
of sleep, eight hours of recrea-
tion."
Bastile Day Sets Stage
Three years later, working-class
leaders from all over the world
gathered in Paris to celebrate'the
hundredth anniversary of the fall
of the Bastile.
Following the precedent set by
the American Federation of La-
bor, which had declared May 1 as
a labor day, the Second Interna-
tional Labor Congress designated
May 1, 1890 as the first interna-
tional May Day.
In the past, May Day has often
been accompanied by violence,
though in recent years the demon-
strations have been orderly and
without incident.
The day is an official holiday
in Russia, but has been supple-
mented for the most part in the
United States by designation of
the first Monday in September as
Labor Day.
The U. S. holiday differs from
that of the rest of the world in
that it is celebrated by all classes
and marked by the closing of fac-
tories and businesses.
Urge Dems to
Back Doubtis
Local Group Asserts
Truinan Caniot Win.
The Democrats for Douglas na-
tional headquarters, temporarily
located in Ann Arbor, has urged
the Democratic state chairman to.
pledge the Michigan delegates to
the National Convention to the
support of Douglas.
In a telegram addressed to state
chairman John Franco and to
Henry Conlin of the Washtenaw
County delegation, the group ex-
pressed the view that "Truman
cannot win."
The Douglas boosters are sup-
porting the Supreme Court judge
as a "liberal candidate" who will
"reunite the party."
Meanwhile, Democrats from va-
rious parts of the state are gath-
ering at Battle Creek for the state
convention which will be held to-
morrow to choose representatives
to be sent to the national nomi-
nating convention to be held in
Philadelphia in July.

Ruthven Asks1
Educational
Aid for Labor
Says U.S. Funds
Should Be Used
Federal funds used to stimulate
the worker education programs of
the nation would be a worthwhile
step toward the promotion of in-
creased industrial harmony
President Alexander G. Ruthven
declared yesterday.
Commenting for The Daily on
his recent statement to a House
of Representatives subcommittee
in support of a bill to grant assist-
ance to worker extension service
programs, Dr. Ruthven asserted
that "such Federal aid would in-
evitably work for a more intelli-
gent approach to labor problems
by the workers themselves."
In his statement to the House
Dr. Ruthven charged that labor
is being discriminated against
in respect to educational oppor-
tunities and universities which
should be developing programs
for adult study are unable to
proceed because of a lack of
funds.
"Extension service for workers
is as important and practical as is
agricultural extension and is long
overdue in the United States," Dr.
Ruthven told the committee.
"Experience at the University of
Michigan over the past three years
has demonstrated conclusively a
need and desire for workers' edu-
cation, the ability and willingness
of colleges and universities to co-
operate in providing it, and the
necessity for Federal support," he
testified.
The University is at present
providing all the extension serv-
ice education to worker groups
it possibly can, President Ruth-t
ven explained. "We get manyt
more requests for such classesl
than we can afford to teach."
"Adult education is just as im-
portant an obligation to a univer-
sity as are the classes it conducts
on its own campus, and wheree
groups are unable to afford sucht
instruction, Federal funds should
be authorized to provide it."
Two Concertst
ContineMay
FestivalTodayi
The third and fourth concertst
in the May Festival series will beY
presented at 2:30 and 8:30 p.m.
today in Hill Auditorium.
The Festival Youth Chorus willY
present a group of Songs of the
Americas and Mischa Elman, vi-
olinist, will be heard in Beeth-
oven's Concerto in D major at the1
afternoon concert.t
Four dances from the "Gayne"7
ballet by Khachaturian and the;
Bach Toccata, Adagio and Fugue
in C major will also be heard at
the matinee.
Leonard Warren, baritone, will!
appear in the evening concert
singing Iago's Credo from
"Othello" by Verdi; the prologue
from Leoncavallo's "Pagliacci";
and two selections from Verdi's
"Rigoletto."
The Philadelphia Orchestra will
be heard in Sibelius' Second
Symphony and the overture to
Weber's "Der Freischutz."

World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
BULLETIN
INDIANAPOLI8, April 30---()-
Dr. Arthur H. Campton, one of
the nation's leading atomic sci-,
entists, said today he knowsj
Russia "doesn't have an atomic
bomb."
Dr. Compton, a Noble prize
winner and the present chancellor
of Washington University in St.
Louis, said also, "I doubt if Russia
will have such a weapon until at
least 1952, and I won't be sur-
prised if they don't get it before
1970."
KANSASCITY, s * April
30-Mayor E. Tucker today dis-
charged his 5-man fact-finding
board inquiring into last week's
police clash with Union pack-
inghouse workers near the (ud-
aly Plant.

Jews Surround Main
Arab Strongpoints
InJerusalem Battle
British Commissioner Threatens
To Throw All Forces into Action
JERUSALEM, April 30-(/P)-Jewish shock troops threw a headlock
tonight around a string of Arab strongpoints in a 22-hour battle for
Jerusalem.
Fighting in the southern section of the Holy City halted for a
time when Arab fighters asked for a truce. Then the struggle was re-
sumed as two heavy explosions rocked the battered Katamon Area.
Fifteen Jews and 30 Arabs are known to have been killed thus far,
Just before the brief halt in the struggle, a Jewish Agency spokes-
man said the British District Commissioner had sent word to the Jews
that if the battle was continued "Britain would use all its arms, in-
cluding air power," against JewishT * * *

I

TEACHER LEAVES BULLET-RIDDLED HOME-Margaret Jok-
iel,, 24, a Brooklyn high school teacher, breathed easier today.
Police held four of her teen-aged pupils, accused of a telephoned
death threat warning her not to flunk anyone in mathematics
and the subsequent shooting. She is pictured above with the
detectives who guarded her.
STUDENT, FACULTY REACTIONS:
Campus Opinion Divied on
Anti-Communist Mundt Bill

By ROMA LIPSKY
A sharp devision of campus
opinion was expressed yesterday
concerning the proposed Mundt
bill which would require regis-
tration of Communist Party mem-
bers and "Front groups," and.
would deny members federal em-
ployment or passports.
The bill, officially entitled the
Subversive Control Act of 1948, is
expected to come up for debate on
the floor of the House of Repre-
sentative within a few days.
'Opposes Bill of Rights'
Ernst Ellis, Grad., called the bill
the most serious onslaught against
the Bill of Rights that the Ameri-
can people have had to face.
"The Mundt Bill," he said, is
designed to include any individual
or group of individuals who fight
for the rights of labor, abolition
of segregation, or Jim Crow, or
for any policy which is contradic-
tory to the existing foreign or do-
mestic policy. These individuals
would be considered as part of a
conspiracy against the govern-
ment."
Good Bill
Dick Kelley, '48, called the
Mundt Bill "an excellent idea.
Republicans and Democrats reveal
their party platforms openly, so
I don't see why a Communist
shouldn't, presuming that they are
a party.
Bogota Pacts
Tie Amer icas
BOGOTA, Colombia, April 30-
(A')-Delegates of the 21 American
Republics formally approved and
signed today a series of pacts
binding them into a solid regional
bloc under the United Nations.
The signing ceremony was held
in the home of Simon Bolivar,
famed South American Liberator.
The charter of the organization
of American States, giving con-
crete form to American coopera-
tion that has existed since the Panj
American Union was organized in
Washington in 1890, was approved
unanimously by standing vote.
Also approved after a month of
work in this Ninth Inter-Ameri-
can Conference, once interrupted
by the abortive Colombian revolt
of April 9, were the Pact of Bo-
gota, which pledges the American
Republics to settle disputes among
themselves peacefully; the reso-
lution condemning International
Communism and other forms of
totalitarianism; a resolution urg-
ing the peaceful abolition of for-
eign colonies in the- hemisphere.

"If American Communists have
any tie-up with Russia, I think
it is a good bill. I would presume
that there is some tie-up, but how
strong it is I wouldn't be able to
say from my information."
Prof. Preston Slossen of the
history department said that he
was whole-heartedly against the
Bill. But, he added, refusal to
comply would only serve to build
up a greater antagonism against
Communists and would lead to
even more stringent Anti-Com-
munist measures.
Prof. Karl Reichenbach, of the
history department, said that he
did not care for anti-Communist
bills because the term Commu-
nism is used so loosely in a kind
of red hunt reminiscent of the red
hunt in the 20's.
Editor Says
Businessmen
Withhold Facts
Harry T. Montgomery, AP bus-
iness editor, charged yesterday
that Business was not cooperating
with the press in its quest for
facts.
Speaking at Rackham, Mont-
gomery told a University audience
that "business leaders regard their
business a strictly private affair."
"A reporter on the hunt for
news is usually treated as a snoop-
er prying into affairs which are
none of his, his newspaper's or
the public's business," he said.
Montgomery cited this year's
rise in steel prices and pointed
out that the increase was listed
in a trade paper two days before.
the press discovered it.
"The story the steel leaders had
to tell was not unreasonable," he
said, "but the one thing clear is
that the action was handled with-
out regard for the public."
"If Communism is bad, we must
fight it with the tools at hand, a
free flow of information to an
enlightened public," he sharged.
"But business leaders are blind to
the need for presenting the story
of business operations to the pub-
lic."
Montgomery indicated several
signs that business is recognizing
its responsibilities, and one was
the elevation of public relations
advisers to the policy-making
level.
"Even more' hopeful,' he added,
"is the trend in our universities,
where community responsibility of
business leaders is stressed."

sections of Jerusalem.
On the Palestine coast other
Jewish units moved into Salama,
a little more than a mile from
Jaffa. The Jews were reported un-
officially to have seized also the
neighboring town of Yazur on the
Jaffa-Jerusalem highway. An iron
ring thus has been closed around
the Arab port city of Jaffa if
Yazur as well as Salama now is in
Jewish hands.
There were reports that the
threatened invasion of Palestine
by regular army troops of
neighboring Arab states was
underway. An Arab news agency
dispatch received in Damascus
said troops of Iraq and Trans-
Jordan entered Palestine this
afternoon. There was no im-
mediate confirmation. The Sy-
rian army moved southward to
springboard positions from
which it might lounch a drive
into northern Palestine.
Arab commanders rushed rein-
forcements of irregular volunteers
from Jericho, Bethlehem and He-
bron to bolster their sagging lines
in Jerusalem. Word spread
through the streets of the Holy
City that this was the showdown.
The Jews seized Shahin Hill
and occupied a monastery which
formerly was the summer resi-
dence of the Greek Orthodox
Church Partriarch. Police reports
said the Arabs had surrounded the
200 Jewish fighters inside the
monastery.
One Jewish source said the
Jews brought up a "secret weap-
on," believed tob a heavy
rocket gun, when Arabs began
encircling the structure. The
Arabs had used the building as a
headquarters.
The Jews claimed a large num-
ber of Arabs have begun evacuat-
ing the Katamon quarter.
Talks between the British and
Jews for a true in the Jaff a-Tel
Aviv area broke down suddenly to-
night when the British presented
a five point ultimatum from the
Palestine High Commissioner,
Gen. Sir Alan Gordon Cunning-
ham, it was learned authoritative-
ly.
The ultimatum, timed to expire
at noon tomorrow, demands that
Irgun fighters withdraw from the
ground they have seized in Jaffa
and that all firing cease on a front
from Jaff a south to Beit Dean.
Lend-Lease
Called Rumor
WASHINGTON, April 30 - (/p)
-The White House today ruled
out any immediate requst by
President Truman forCongres-
sional action authorizing military
lend-lease aid to Europe's 16 Mar-
shall Plan countries.
Press Secretary Charles Ross
replied "categorically no" when
reporters asked whether President
Truman would send such a pro-
posal to Congress next week.
There hadbeen published
reports that Mr. Truman would
have a special message on the sub-
ject Monday or Tuesday.
Ross declared that Mr. Truman
knew nothing- about the reports
and added: "All he has heard
about the message is what he has
read in the newspapers. No such
action is in contemplation. There
will be no message to Congress
next week. The President doesni
know anything about it."

Immediate Aid
To Jerusalem
LAKE SUCCESS, April 30-.
M-An urgent United States plan
for a temporary trusteeship tq,
save Jerusalem drew some tenta-
tive support in the United Nations
tonight.
The proposal, now before the
Trusteeship Council,'provides for
a UN representative in Jeru-'
salem to call upon members of'
the UN to supply forces if needed
to maintain law and order.
The plan was drafted: for the
Trusteeship Council at a meeting
which authoritative sources said
was attended by delegates of the
United States,Belgium and New
Zealand.
UN truce attempts for Palestine
appeared to have collapsed, meanw-
while.
The Council decided on a night
session to study temporary trus-
teeship further after Iraq's dele-
gate, Awni Khalidy, reminded the
delegates that people were being
killed.
At the night session, Russia ob-
jected to the American proposal,
Britain said she would tM
on the grounds that the Arabs
would not accept the plan.
The Jewish Agency reserved Its
position; the Arab higher commit-
tee said it would oppose the carry-
ing out of the new scheme.
Engineers Will
Elect Officers
Candidate Petitions
AvailableMonday
Election of class officers in the
College of Engineering will be
held May 13, Ev Ellin, president of
the -Engineering Council an-
nounced yesterday.
Officers to be elected are presi-
dent and secretary for the fresh-
man, sophomore, and junior
classes, and president, vice-resi-
dent, treasurer and secretary for
the senior class. Presidents and
secretaries of all classes will also
serve as Engineering Council dele-
gates for their respective classes.
Students wishing to run may
obtain a petition after 9:30 a.m.
Monday at the Dean's office, Rm.
255, West Engineering. Petitions
should be returned by 5 p.m.
Thursday to the Dean's office.
Duties of class officers include:
planning class functions and proj-
ects through the funds contrib-
uted by the Engine Council's Ac-
tivities Program; representing the
class in all official capacities; ad-
ministering class funds; and
membership in the Honor Coun-
cil.
Election To Be
Held at W"illow
The new membership of the
Willow Village Resident Council
will be decided in the election to
be held from 12:30 to 6 p.m. to-
morow at the North Community
Building,
Two Council members will be
chosen from each of the ten dij-
,ricts into which the Village has
been, divided on the basis of pop-'
ijlation. Nearly half of the candi-
dates are students or are in some
other way connected with the
University.
The Council was formed early

U.S. Proposes

'BACK TO JOE'S':
Legendary Campus Taverns
Closed_30 Years Ago Today

Was Your Daily
On Time This
Morning?
It should reaCch you
7.'7

BWy PAT JAMES and
DON McNEIL
"Back to Joe's and the Orient,
Back to some of the money we
spent."
Thirty years ago today the
swinging doors became silent for
the first time at Joe Parker's, the
Orient and 23 other local taverns
as prohibition went into effect in
Michigan.
rrln nnci rr ef 11e !-tn f ~ .-i

The bars went out of existence
quietly, police reported, mostly be-
cause people had already laid in
their own liquor supplies in prep-
aration for "dry" days.
A dismal future was'ahead for
Joe's and the Orient. The former
scenes of countless student cele-
brations were slated to become
lunch rooms or soft drink par-
lors serving "milk."

E VERgYeJODY'S EXPOSE:
Gargoyle Inlvesigates Reds, Thomas

:

I

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