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February 11, 1948 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-02-11

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TTiiE MiCiiiGATi DAiL~L

tif ~e.A IG :. .1 . 1e14YU 1CY i214 0 I

4 1 . 9

Happy Birthday

THE ClTh3L1TRATON of Abraham In-
coln's birthday sta ted oa little early this
year, and it's turning out to be quite a party.
Secretary of Army, Kenneth C. Royall,
started festivities off early this week with a
brusque statement that "in accordance with
a report of competent and experienced of-
fieers" racial segregation in the Army will
continue - a hard slap at President Tru-
man, who said in his civil rights message
that he had instrulcted James Forrestal, se-
retary of defense, to "take steps to Iave ihe
remaining instances Gf (Iistrinliflatioli i tia'
Armed Services elimnitted as rapidly as
possible."
Oddly enough, Mr. Royall, conceding to
states rights, of all things, magnanimously
announced that the state of New Jersey
would be permitted to uphold its own con-
Ediiori4ls published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the wrters only.
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT WHITE

stitution and prohibit segregation in the
state milii a and STUJ receive PedIeral
recognition .
But Mr. Royall isn't celebrating alone.
The Southern Governors' Conference last
week, decided that they too wanted to get
in on the fun. Forming what has been
labelled "the south's own political action
committee," five governors plan to descend
on Washington to fight Truman's civil
rights rights recommendations. Accofrding;
lo their chief, South( Carolina's Oovernor
J. Strom Thuirmond. they will voice the
south's opinion in the strongest possible
language."
President Truman, however, may not be
satislied to let the party get so rough.
Rumors have it that Mr. Truman may
1compromise," and !bodiy his prograin
(also switching his "come hither" glance
from the Wallace progressives to the Su-
preme Whites.)
Be careful, Mr. President, you might spoil
the fun . . Oh yes, and happy birthday, Mr..
Lincoln.
-Naomi Stern.

Pattern for Europe

QUT OF PARIS comes one of the most
hopeful signs seen for some time in a
world characterized by mistrust, economic
autarchy and the creation of a balance of
power. The French Cabinet has approved
the recommendations of a group of French
and Italian experts to form a customs union
between the two nations.
Taken by itself, even this is hopeful, but
the cabinet proposes to go further with a
plan to fuse the economic and industrial
potentials of both nations into a unified
working whole. They believe that the salva-
tion of both requires the surrender of a
greater degree of national sovereignty than
a mere customs union demands. They pro-
pose, therefore, to coordinate industries,
stabilize and balance currencies, facilitate
manpower immigration and modify their
agricultural systems.
The study group was set up during the
16-nation Paris conference on economic co-
operation with the hope that the group
Still With Us
MYDA, University officials, and the city
of Ann Arbor have been saved from. any
more contact with the little man who caused
all the trouble last' December, by an act of
the long arm of the federal government.
Gerhart Eisler, convicted of contempt of
Congress and passport fraud, is now lan-
guishing on Ellis Island, so near and yet so
far from the deportation that he claimed he
desired. Under these circumstances it is
rather doubtful that he will return to speak
at Felch Park, a house on Hill Street, in
Hill Auditorium or anywhere else.
Thus the problem that Eisler brought up
is solved for the time being because the
principal character is out of the picture, but
it will probably come up dgain before the
year is out.
The University will be called upon again
and again to face the situation where a so-
called "undesirable" will want to speak on
campus. Perhaps, every situation can be
met as the Eisler incident was, with a
"mustn't touch" attitude, followed by simple
refusal to admit that the situation exists.
But if this happens, Michigan will be in for
,a lot of unfavorable publicity of the sort we
received when Eisler was here.
For until the University clarifies the
situation, and clarifies it in such a manner
that no group, however fantastic and im-
probable their ideas, is denied the right to
hear their chosen speakers, turmoil will
arise every time a controversial figure
comes to Ann Arbor.
Eisler will not speak in Ann Arbor again,
at least not until his sentence is completed,
and then the opinions of a convicted crimi-
nal won't carry much weight, but the prob-
lem that he brought here is still with us.
-Al Blumrosen
Our Share
AT E RECENT MEETINGS of the In-
ternational- Refugee Organization in
Geneva, member nations were urged to
take a "fair share" of the 625,000 displac'ed
persons in German, Austrian, and Italian
centers.
One very important reason why the IRO
limited itself to such a mild recommenda-
tion lies in the fact that the American Con-
gress has failed to take any action whatso-
ever on the displaced persons.
It is nearly a year since Congress opened
hearings on the Stratton bill to admit 400,-
000 displaced persons to the United States
over a four-year period-a mere fraction of
the immigration quotas which have expired
unfilled for the last ten years.
A special Congressional committee inves-
tigating 150 of the displaced persons' camps
in Europe last fall concluded: "To observe
the courageous efforts of most of the dis-

placed persons to maintain dignity in the
face of the most trying limitations is to learn
that most of these people, given an adequate
approach to the solution of their problems,
will be an asset and not a liability to the

would work out a plan for the salvation of
FTance and Italy and set a pattern for all
of Europe.
Here indeed, is a pattern for Europe and
the rest of the world. If this union could be
combined with the already existing customs
union of Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg,
nearly all of Western Europe would find it-
self well on the way toward the forma-
tion of a European federation of nations
with a unity based on economic interde-
pendence and cooperation.
In much the same way that the confer-
ences of Maryland and Virginia led di-
rectly to the calling of our own Consti-
tutional Convention in Philadelphia, a
movement of such nature might well
spread throughout Europe and eventu ly
the world. The result could be a revital fed
United Nations.
Perhaps it is no more than grasping at a
straw, but it is a road toward peace which
must be explored and kept alive. t
-Jake Hurwitz.

IT SO
HAPPENS ...
* No Excuses

P vte
AFTER A DISCUSSION PERIOD which
lasted more than ten years, the literary
college faculty has finally accepted a plan
for evaluating its own services.
However, students will find they have only
a small part to say in criticizing their pro-
fes .ons, i:liatinm c rnmiitces ciinposed
of f:tcult y -metnrs and mrnoin he by de-
parunem chairmen, wi! make Ihe final
appraisal of each individual
The syst~er to be put into operation calls
far a ''considred.1udrmenit of all facets o1
each man's seQvfcC5 lin aecodance with
this, the departmental evaluating commit-
tees will determine faculty services on the
basis of four points: teaching, research, ad-
ministrative and committee work and pub-
lic or extramural services.
Student opinion will be considered only
as a part of the evaluation of teaching effec-
tiveness. if at all. Colleagues visiting a class
may be impressed differently than the stu-
dents in attendance. Under the system, it
is possible that the summary evaluation of
an individual's teaching ability will be
weighted toward the faculty opinion.
Certainly the judgment of students who
have attended a class over a semester pe-
riod is the most valid that could be ob-
tained. It should not be possible to discard
this in favor of a less accurate opinion.
However, the evaluation plan is valuable
as a step in determining faculty services.
Evaluation of scholarship, extramural serv-
ice and administrative service could prove
important in deciding the type of work for'
which each faculty member is best suited.
But in giving careful consideration to all
the factors which might influence their
ability, the faculty seems to have lost sight
of the student. And, in the final analysis,
it will be the student who benefits or loses
in an evaluation system.
-Joan Katz
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Cost Oft Deflat"11
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
ACCORDING to the form book, last week's
break on the commodity markets should
have been greeted with joy by everybody.
What? Wheat down? Corn down? Hogs
down? Lard down? How A vly! i5L2 tihat
what everybody ha been wanting? Haven't
all our politicians been engaged, to hear
them tell it. in a mighty battle against in-
flation?
Last week's sharp price decline should
have fallen upon the country like rain in the
desert. There should have been dancing in
the streets, with much kissing of total
strangers by conservatives who have been
waiting long for "natural processes" to ac-
complish this miracle.
But, strangely enough, instead of huz-
zas, there are nervous little pieces in many
of the papers, reassuring us that prices
are not going to go down very rapidly,
that they are going to stay pretty well up.
What do you mr.ean? Don't you want prices
to come down?
Some of the same people who assured us
monotonously on the way up that pric
were not going to climb too high are now
assuring us monotonously on the way down
that prices are not going to fall too low; and
this is going to be their total contribution.
Now that natural processes are producing
deflation, I think we shall see some decline
in affection for them. I would not be sur-

prised if the Republican Middle West sud-
denly dropped all opposition to the Mar-
shall Plan, for example, and began to favor
it as a way of moving food surpluses.
But, of course, the clock ticks for lib-
erals and independents, too. It is their
duty, also, to know what time it is. Even
though the present price decline may be
halted for a period, it is time, for example,
to stop thinking in terms of curbing in-
flation, of rationing and price control.
These were valid goals, for they might
have kept us out of our present fix. But
the day for them has passed; the great
question has shifted; it is no longer how
to halt inflation, but how to pay the cost
of deflation.
How is that cost to be spread and shared?
Who is to pay it? Shall it fall mostly on
those least able to bear it, in the form of
unemployment? Shall those who have least
pay for the most for our recent binge? Or
can we go dutch, in a fair and square way,
on the expenses of our big postwar party,
and make everybody share them, by setting
up, say, a huge national housing program,
and conceptions of instant relief for when
need arises? We had no brakes on the way
up; do we go down without them, too? It
seems to me they are necessary, if only to
prevent crystallization of the dismal feeling
that we cannot avoid a life of being shaken
violently up and down, like a doll in the
teeth of a terrier.
(Copyright, 1947, New York Post Syndicate)

BITL MAULDIN
-
^ to
v]

t

rrr.

"Pop, I don't see what my being a socialist has to do with
my wanting a new convertible."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULETIN

I
Thank Goodness
TfHE FOLLOWING is a complaint culled
the files of the Washtenaw County
Sheriff's Office:
" Complainant says that her husband is
about to cut her throat."
The long-suffering and terse remark in
the "Action Taken" space was . . . "He
didn't."
* * *
CCold-Blooded
ONE of our friends takes no chances on
catching cold these near-zero nights.
His sleeping costume has evolved to the
nth degree of protection. He generally
wears this: Two paris flannel pajamas,
two pairs bedsox and sweatshirt; over him,
six blankets.
On the coldest nights, however, he has
an additional aid: le wears a parka. With
the hood up.
We Didn't Get It Either
O NE of our friends is a Greek major, which
is fairly unique, but he never thought
much about it until the other day when a
fellow came up and asked him what he was
studying. "Philology," answered our friend.
"Oh," the other fellow replied. "You mean
you're a stamp collector?'
Ed. Note: stamp collecting is called philately,
You're welcome.
How About Tabu?
Item of interest for the local Chamber of
Commerce: Planes are reported to be sowing
perfumed (try ice in Bridgeport clouds which
will produce rain or snow smelling of "Black
Satin."
We recommend "New Horizons" for local
consumption.
.*..
Within His Grasp
A NEW AND profitable exchange system
has been discovered by one of the
boys around the office. He was sitting
in the movie the other night, when his
date dropped her dime-store pen under
the seats.
It was hardly worth the trouble, but
he reached down to retrieve it-and came
up with a Parker 51.
Contributions to this column are by all mem-
bers of The Daily staff, and are the responsi-
bility of the editorial director. Items from
subscribers are invited; address them to "It
So Happens", The Michigan Daily.
A WESTERN UNION which includes a
centralized German government in te
British-American zones can never be formed.

Letters to the Editor ...

-

(Continued from Page 3)
gan-Adams house, Phi Rho Sig-
ma, Zeta Beta Tau
February 15
Alpha Rho Chi
Certificates of Eligibility must
be secured by any student partici-
pating in non-athletic extra-cur-
ricular activities. Such activities
include service on:, committee or
publication, participation in a
public performance, or a rehearsal
for such a performance, or in
holding office or being a candi-
date for office in a class or other
student organization.
Certificates may be secured in'
the Office of Student Affairs, Rn.
2, University Hall. It is requested
that grade reports for the past
semester be presented upon appli-
cation for a certificate. Certifi-
cates will be issued in accordance
with the following requirements:
1. reshmien: No freshman in
his first semester of residence may
be granted a Certificate of Eligi-
bility.
Second semester freshmen: 15
hours or more of work completed
with (1) at least one mark of A
or B and with no mark of less.
than C, or (2) at least 2 times
as 'many honor points as hours
and with no mark of E.
2. Sophomores Juniors. Sen-
iors: 1 1 hor's or more of aca-
denic redit in the preceding se-
maester, mw Yt l i1averag e f at
least C, aitd at leCast a(3aver ape
for the entiri acadenic career.
:3. Graduate Students: A Cer-
tificate of Eligibility will be is-
sued upon presentation of Cash-
ier's Receipt.
No student is eligible for par-
ticipation in extra-curricular ae-
tivities who is excused from mgy-
nasium work because of physical
incapacity, except by special per-
mission of the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs. In order to obtain
such permission, a student must
submit a written recommenda-
tion from tihe University Healthl
Service.
Students on probation or the
warned list are forbidden to par-
ticipate in any extra-curicular
activity.
Each student serving on a com-
mittee or publication, participat-
ing in a public performance or re-
hearsal for such a performance,
or holding office in a class or oth-
er student organization should
present his certificate of eligibil-
ity to the mauager chairman, or
president of that activity for sig-
natture.
The manager, chairman, or
ptesident of an extra-curricular
activity shall (1) require each stu-
dent serving in that activity to
present a certificate of eligibility,
(2) sign his name on the back of
such certificates, (3) file with the
chairman of the Committee on
Student Affairs the names of all
those who have presented certifi-
cates of eligibility, and present a
signed statement to exclude all
others from participation. (In the
case of approved student organi-
zations, only students holding of-
fice or serving on committees are
required to submit certificates of
eligibility.) Blanks for the chair-
man's list may be obtained in Rm.
2, University Hall. Officers, chair-

men and managers of committees
and projects who violate the rules
governing participation in extra-
curricular activities may be sum-
moned before the Committee on
Student Affairs to explain their
negligence.
University Community Center
Willow Run Village
Wed., Feb. 11, 8 p.m., Organization
meeting, U of M Extension
Classes;
8 p.m., Play Night-(games
and gymnastics).
Thurs., Feb. 12, 8 p.m., The Art
Group.
Sat., Feb. 14, 9-12 p.m., Valentine
Dance, sponsored by the
Wives' Club.
Lectures
Prof. David Daiches, Cornell
University, will lecture on the sub-
ject, "Criticism of Fiction," Thurs.,
Feb. 12, 4:15 p.m., Rackham Am-
phitheatre. Prof. Daiches will ad-
dress a meeting of the English
Journal Club at 8 p.m.
Freshmen Health Lectures for
Men:
It is a University requirement
that all entering freshmen attend
a series of lectures on Personal
and Community Health and to
pass an examination on the con-
tent of these lectures. Transfer
students with freshmen standing
are also required to take the
course unless they have had a sim-
ilar, approved, course elsewhere.
Upperclassmen who were here
as freshmen and who did not ful-
fill the requirements are request-
ed to do so this term.
These lectures are also required
of veterans with freshmam stand-
ing.
The lectures will be given in
Rm. 25, Angell Hall, 5 p.m. and
7:30 p.m. as follows:
Lecture 1, Mon., Feb. 9: Lec-
ture 2. Tues.. Feb. 10: Lecture 3,
Wed., Feb. 11: Lecture 4, Thurs.,
Feb. 12: Lecture 5, Mon., Feb. 16;
Lecture 6, Tues.. Feb. 17: Lecture
7, (Examination) Wed., Feb. 18.
You may attend at 5 p.m. or
7:30 p.m. Enrollment will take
place at the first lecture.
Acad emic Notices
Anthropology 152, The Mind of
Primitive Man, meet in Rm. 1025,
Angell Hall.
Seminar Bacteriology: Thurs.,
jFeb. 12, 4:30 p.m., Bacteriology Li-
brary, Rn. 1562, E. Medical Bldg.
Mr. Donald Merchant will speak
on the subject, "Effect of Environ-
mental Factors on Leucocytes." All
interested are invited.
Cancellation: Biological Chemis-
try 125 meeting scheduled for 4
p.m. today has been canceled.
Engineering Mechanics: EM2
laboratory classes will not meet
this week.
Geometry Seminar: Wed., Feb.
11, 2 p.m., Rm. 3001, Angell Hall.
Dr. Kenneth Leisenring will dis-
cuss "An Analytic Treatment of
the Reciprocal Euclidean Plane."

ElrTOI's NOTE: r ecause Te Daily
prints every utter to the editor re-
revd(w hhhissind 30Owords
or :ess in length, ani rn goodtaste)
we remidn our readers thit the views
expressed in letters are those o the
writers only. Lter ,of more than
300) words are shortened, printed or
omitted aa the disretio of the edl-
To the Editor:
'lI R. BERNARD LYON seemed a
little too assured when hee
said in his Jan. 14th letter to the
Editor that. all the Chinese stu-
dents on'eanpus will tell you that.
Mr. iefnry Wallace is misinformed t
about what the Chinese peoplet
want. Ile certainly did not aska
everyone of them before he drewr
this over-all conclusion. But if hee
would change the phrase "the>
Chinese students on campus" into1
"the majority of Chinese studentsf
on campus," I would admit thatt
he speaks some truth, and a trutha
much to be regretted.t
Yet the core of Mr. Lyon's mis-
take does not lie in the inaccuracy
arbitrary hypothesis that the
nearly two-hundred Chinese stu-
dents on campus could be repre-
sentative of nearly four hundred
and fifty million people of China.
1Mr. Lyon was careful enough to
have pointed out that "not all
(of the Chinese students) camec
with government funds. Somec
have private funds." But has het
found out how many are witht
government funds and how many
with private funds? Flow many of'
them, government supported or1
otherwise, can be regarded as the
true voice of the Chinese people.
when they are themselves as for-1
eign and superficial to the real
Chinese populace as any of the1
American students?
I am not here inclined to dis-
credit my own country-fellows
in the eyes of the Americans. But
what makes me really sorry r
the fact that those whose voice
is nearest and the easiest to be
heard are the least qualified to
represent the Chinese people. And
I will give my reasons.
We, this group of Chinese stu-
dents in America, cannot repre-
sent the chinese people as a
whole because we are the few
lucky exceptions out of the gen-
eral picture of suffering and mis-
ery. It is plain only to see that
under the present monstrous con-
dition of inflation in China only
those who can afford to buy the1
twelve thousand to one official
foreign exchange (not to mention1
the one hundred thousand-to-one
black market ratio) can managea
to come over to this country. Wet
are inclined to favor the status-
quo because we are among the
very ones who have been and are
to be benefited by it at the ex-
pense of others. And in fear of
losing the privilege we are en-
joying, we naturally are opposed
to any change which will probably,
demand us to sacrifice a part of
or interest for the good of the;
whole. We may not like to admit
it. But it is Ihe very thing exist-
ing at the bottom of our con-
sciousuess that makes us object
to the Ppposed coalition gov-
ernment which is to be composed
of the Nationalist Party, the Com-
munist Party and the non-par-
tisan liberal elements in the
country. It does not mean any-
thing whether the few of us want
it or not: the great mass of Chi-
neses people demands it. And the
strength of the Chinese people is
growing, growing every hour. The
reactionary forces can only re-
tard it, but it can never destroy
it. The day will come when the
Chinese people will stand on their
own feet and make their own de-
cisions. Mr. Wallace is right in
foreseeing this coming catas-
trophe and warning Americans of
it.

The coalition government will
not be a one-party dominated
government. Mr. Lyon was simply
resorting to the hackneyed hys-
teria when he said that "where
you have Communists in a coali-
tion you soon have nothing but
Communists." And it seems
strange that lie associated "terror
and murder" with a coalition gov-
meet in Rm. 25 Angell Hall, MWF,
10 a.m.
Psychology 106: Psychology of
Salesmanship. Tuesdays and
Thursdays, 10 a.m. West Gallery,
Alumni Memorial Hall.
Preliminary examinations in
French and German for the doc-
torate will be held on Friday, Feb.
13, 4-6 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Dictionaries may be
used.
Those who are completing
French or German 12 for creditI
need not present themselves for
(Continued on Page 5)1

r __

ernment when he knows too well
that those are the very means
adopted by the Nationalist gov-
ernment today.
A coalition government will
have no reason to stop the Ms-
sion-run schools and hospitals.
Since the coalition represents the
interest of the people as a waol,
anything that is beneficial to the
people will be acepted and wet-
We Chinese people do not want
a Communist dictatorship, no-
more than we want a Nationalist
dictatorship. If the American gov-
ernment insists in helping the
Nationalist government refuse the
coalition goverunent to the end,
the result must be a total over-
throw of the present government
and an alternative of the Com-
munist domination which is
equally undesirable. We &e a
people now struggling along the
line of life and death; w nheed
friends everywhere in the World.
We desire our wants to be known,
and not to be misunderstood. For
this reason I write this letter,
-JIn Yuan' Tagw.
A1gait ' UMW
To the Editor:
AMERICA NEEDS specialists for
peace, not war! If a fraction
of the thought, of the training,
of the money amassed for de ruc-
tion were used to prepare for
peace, there would be peace. If our
Statesmen and prophets were al-
lowed to mobilize men in civilized
ways, we would not fear another
war as we do now, hiding behind
monstrosity of defenses that, we
snow, serve only to bring it on us.
Will anyone argue that guns and
explosives in the houses of argu-
ag neighbors make for an order-
ly town? Will the training of the
'lite of boyhood in neighborhood
Tangs lead to better relations be-
ween their leaders? More gangs
and bigger gangs add only to
'ension, make leaders more willing
to pronounce that infinite pati-
'nce has snapped. If we fail to
nobilize, we shall lose neither our
security nor our independence.
n the contrary, we shall be saf-
'r, for lack of armies to blow up,
in our faces. In 1948 one half of
the world does not attack the
:ther half if fear is not construct-
?d. Far better than we in Ameri-
ca, the rest of the world knows
that cities must be rebuilt and not
men defeated. If both halves of
the world, however, keep their
planes in bombing order and their
inen in a killing mood, in spite of
better judgments, a clash may be
made inevitable .
It we show the world that we
as a modern nation, desire peace
with the same passion that goes
into denunciations of everything
new, we can secure it and lose
nothing by it. We should be freer,
for freedom adorned with proxim-
ity fuses is a farce. In this way
man is free only to become a neur-
otic. I am against military train-
ing and all that comes with it.
This week-end you will see me
at the National Youth Assembly
against Universal Military Train-
ing, in Washington, with several
thousand others turning these
convictions into action. I am with
Henry A. Wallace in his fight for
peace through the UN.
-Jack A. Lucas ,

Fifty-Eighth Year

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Political Science

52 LectureI

BARNABY . ..
The frouble between the great
o;y; tn Wn o *4 - nd

... '.._ .

, ':3

I

I have decided that our ridiculous
ortificial borders be abolished!

Y

I II Yes. But we'll have state's rights, of
course... What I can't figure out is how

I

I

0

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