fl1E MICHIGAN flAILY
*E HEARST NEWSPAPERS have laun-
ched Gen. MacArthur as THEIR can-
didate for President. One look at a typical
edition is enough to prove that "Fightin'
Doug" has joined Steve Kenyon, Blondie,
the Phantom and all the rest of their reg-
ularly syndicated comics.
The MacArthur measles broke into an
editorial rash all over Page 1 and Page 2
of the Sunday Detroit Times under these
"MacArthur for President Drive Ac-
claimed in Europe"
"The Leader America Needs"
"The South's Answer: MacArthur'i
"VFW Parley Poll Backs MacArthur"
In the editorials and stories, MacArthur
is diefied in a variety of different ways.
He is pictured as the one man capable of
real leadership. He is, able to deal with
the threat of communism as it must be
dealt with if war is to be averted. There
is, we are told, no other candidate for the
Presidency who has had any experience in
the actual administration of foreign af-
fairs or who has made any friends for the
United States among unfriendly peoples.
"Across a narrow strait in the Orient,
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Night Editor: ALLEGRA PASQUALETTI
MacArthur looked communism in the eye
and stared it down."
The fact that MacArthur has not chased
after the highest nomination but has let
Americans seek him appeals to Europeans,
the top news story reports. Also, Moscow
is uneasy over the thought of MacArthur
becoming President. After this, the news
story degenerates into plenty of healthy edi-
torializing, the best of which is this:
"One has to go back in history to Juli-
us Caesar and to Napoleon to find a com-
bination of qualities of soldier and states-
man to a high degree of which MacAr-
thur has given the American people so
much evidence in Japan."
This reporter is right, but he doesn't rea-
lize it. Actions like banning all criticism of
himself certainly seem to rank MacArthur
with Caesar and Napoleon and the other
great dictators of history. The question is
not whether he'll continue batting in their
league, but whether he'll get the chance to
use the White House as his home plate.
With Hearst behind him, MacArthur is
bound to be thrown at the masses who read
and believe scare headlines. Between now
and June, we can expect these newspapers
to print enough glorious things about him
to paper the entire inside of Convention
Hall in Philadelphia. The important thing
is that the convention delegates, and the
voters who are their constituents, be kept
constantly aware of the propaganda com-
ing their way-'so they can answer it for
Press Freedom Misused
W E'RE SEEING RED, figuratively and
When an ordinarily sane and reliable
newspaper splashes its front page with a
huge scarlet "Communist Plot Exposed"
headline, then it's time to realize that news-
papers are drifting dangerously far from the
educationally guiding effect they are sup-
posed to exert upon a community.
In embarking on a series of articles ex-
posing the threat of the Communist Party
of America, the Detroit News has adopted
tactics that should make William Randolph
Hearst squirm in shame. Every day, two
front page columns are devoted to a bril-
liant and supposedly shocking expose of the
menace of Communism in America. "Mos-
cow Demands Results-How Fifth Columns
Attain Them Doesn't Matter" says one
head-line. "(Russian) Ideas of Right and
Wrong Unlike Ours" claims another.
Unfortunately, such screaming headlines
are not confined to this side of the At-
lantic. In London, the conservative Daily
Graphic added its blatant warning that
"The United States should tell Russia, ex-
plicitly and forcibly, that if she moves
another mile in Europe, then atom bombs
will rain on the Soviet Union." Other Brit-
ish newspapers echo similar advice, thus
amplifying and magnifying what everybody
already recognizes as a tense international
OUT WITH THE shamrocks, the shille-
laghs and the green neckties!
It's a grrreat day for the Irish, whether
they be Irish by blood or sentiment. And
it could be a great day for the world if
the Irish temperament, as it is classically
depicted, were universal.
Imagine an Irish Gromyko and an
Irish Dulles battling it out in the UN.
Sure and d'you know what, the boys
would, settle the little difference in a
bout of fisticuffs, then pick each other
up and exchange bottles. Washington
would receive glowing references to "the
foin upshtandin' gentleman from the
Soviet Union," and Moscow would be in-
formed that "O'Dulles is the salt of the
airth an' I hate to use the veto on the
likes of him."
Back in the capitals of the two coun-
tries Joe MeStalin and Harry O'Trum)an
would read the reports reflectively, suck
their clay pipes and call in their Gaelic
cabinets for a reconsideration of foreign;
Soon the whole world would be just one
big Irish clambake. Irish angels would
sing in an Irish heaven and only an
occasional brawl between the clans would
drovn out the harp of the minstrel.
There would be only one drawback-_
everybody would hate England.
We do not mean to attack what may very
possibly be the dissemination of truth. It is
conceivable that 20 years hence the editors
of these very newspapers will pat their backs
and say "We were right! Events have proved
it!" But if this is the case, it will be no
thanks to the newspapers, for history points
an accusing finger at similar press antics
of the past as genuine factors in the insti-
gation of wars.
Were we assured of the motives behind
this current crop of exposes, if there were
any real indication that the interests of the
people were in the minds of the editors,
then their actions could be condoned. But
we see the massive headlines, the lengthy
articles, only as a greedy bid for a boost
Praise be to the freedom of the press!
But when the powers behind the front page
transforms the guiding light that is sup-
posedly the role of the modern newspaper
into a glaring lighthouse designed to attract
a million new readers, when the tactics of
these newspapers are reminiscent of the
Hearstian policies of pre-Spanish-American
War days, then the time has come to recog-
nize an abuse of that freedom, and to take
steps to eliminate it.
-George L. Walker.
RECENTLY, Dr. Charles Seymour, presi-
dent of Yale University, made some sur-
prising statements about anti-discrimina-
tion laws, and the extent of education facil-
Dr. Seymour said that anti-discrimina-
tion laws were as useless as the Prohibition
Law, which he called "an attempt to legis-
late America into sobriety." Public opin-
ion is the only thing that will be effective.
But that was just the beginning. Then
Dr. Seymour went on to deplore the attitude
that every boy and girl in America has a
right to go to college, the idea embodied
in the report to President Truman by the
committee of the American Council on Edu-
cation. He said that college educations were
a privilege, not a right, which should be
given only to those who have demonstrated
that the intelligence, character and ability
to make the most of an education.
Dr. Seymour's idealistic ideas about, the
qualifications of college students are only
slightly less irritating than his skeptical
attitude toward anti-discrimination laws.
First, he maintains that public opinion is
the only effective means of legislation
against discrimination, and then he says
that education opportunities should be de-
nied to those people of whom a more en-
lightened opinion is desired.
Considering his scheme for granting col-
lege education only to those people who
have already demonstrated their ability to
reason intelligently, it appears that Dr.
Seymour is not genuinely interested either
in reducing discrimination or in broad-
ening the base of education. From a col-
lege president, the revelation is indeed
cause for dismay.
iNew Books at General Library
Brace, Gerald Warner - The Garretson
Chronicle. New York, Norton, 1947.
Faure, Raoul C.-Lady Godiva and Mas-
ter Tom. New York, Harper, 1948.
Isherwood, Christopher-Lions and Shad-
ows. Norfolk, Conn., New Directions, 1947.
Jay, John-Skiing the Americas. New
York, MacMillan, 1947.
Montgomery, John Flournoy - hungary:
DORM RESIDENTS aren't getting any
bargains when it comes to paying for
meals. Actually they are paying about the
same as anybody else on campus, and a
good bit more than some.
There's no doubt that their prices
SHOULD be low. A central purchasing agent
coordinates buying for all University-owned
eating places, serving thousands of meals
every day. Trained dieticians provide menus
that will be both nourishing and economical.
Food is prepared and served with machine-
But the net saving is nil. Fraternities,
most of which provide waiter service, second
helpings and far superior food, charge from
$1.65 to $2.00-from 10 to 35 per cent more.
Student-owned cooperatives, which hire no
outside help but provide far more ample
menus than dormitories, charge from 65 to
80 cents a day for meals, about HALF the
dorm rates. Hillel, operating on a semi-
cooperative basis, charges $1 a day; other
students organized into small eating clubs,
find they can cook their own meals for
about one dollar. Even in the profit-making
restaurants, three meals a day cost about
But dorm residents don't get three
meals a day. Rigidly-enforced rules re-
quire that all meals must be paid for,
whether the resident eats them or not.
Long lines, rigid hours and often-dull
menus mean that nearly everyone misses
four or five meals a week. Couple that
with the necessity of supplementing
meager, one-helping meals, and the cost
per day comes very close to the two dollars
charged at restaurants.
A gripe is raised annually about prices and
service in Residence Halls, which is annually
followed by an "explanation" and a promise
that changes will be made. Perhaps this
year's drive will be more successful.
THE SUPREME COURT is once again
faced with the task of deciding exactly
what constitutes justice and freedom in
The nine justices have been asked to up-
set lower court rulings that would permit
Negroes to vote in the South Carolina
Democratic primaries, which are held on
the "private club" plan. This is a neat little
device whereby political parties are labelled
"private voluntary associations of indivi-
duals mutually acceptable to each other,"
and mutually pledged to the idea that no
Negro shall cast a vote.
Negroes immediately protested against
this abuse and started proceedings which
resulted in a Charleston court decision that
they could not be excluded despite the
Democratic party officials have now
brought the appeal to the Supreme Court
with the claim that the circuit court had
no authority. They reason that there was
no state action involved, and the primary
was not required by law and therefore was
nOt an election.
The fight, the excuses, and the issue are
old news: the flagrant abuse of constitu-
tional freedom practiced against Negroes
by bigoted whites have been in existence
so long that we have become almost pas-
sive toward it. More than one jury deci-
sion wiV be required to erase the imbred
prejudice from which this attitude
But even though one court ruling does
not hit at the roots of the issue, each vic-
tory chalks up one more gain for freedom
and one more step toward the complete
elimination of discrimination.
The Supreme Court has an opportunity
to take a large step forward if it upholds
the circuit court decision.
(continued from Page 2)
garet Ling, harpist, whose recital
has been announced for 8:30 p.m.,
Thurs., March 25, has postponed
her program until Saturday eve-
ning, May 22, Rackham Assembly
2:30-245. WKAR-The Hopwood
Room-Dale Boesky, Mary Wank,
2:45-2:55, WKAR-The School
of Music-String quartet and
Granville Greer, Tenor.
5:45-6:00, WPAG - Today's
World and Local Problems-Shir-
Research Club: 8 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheatre. Papers: Prof. Hans
Kurath, "Speech Areas, Settle-
ment Areas, and Trade Areas in
the Eastern States": Prof. William
H. Burt, "Effects of Volcanic Ac-
tivity on Animal Life."
Phi Lambda Upsilon: March
luncheon, 12:15 p.m., Anderson
Room, Michigan Union.
Delta Sigma Pi, Professional
Business Fraternity. Pledge and
business meeting, 7:30 p.m., Mich-,
Union Opera Committee: Meet-
ing of script writers, 4:30 p.m.,
Rm. 302, Michigan Union.
Cultural and Educational Com-
mittee including planned ideology
and civil rights debates.
Campus Action Committee, in-
cluding Myda petition, book ex--
change report, and student opin-
Public Relations Committee in-
cluding Daily series.
N.S.A. Committee, including re-
port from weekend student gov-
ernment clinic in Lansing, and re-
port on UN assembly in Chicago.
Varsity Committee report.
Social Committee report.
Election date, candidate quali-
fications and pre-election rally.
Gargoyle Sales Promotion Staff
tryout meeting: Students with
ideas, ambition, and talent for
promotional work are invited to
attend the tryout meeting. 4 p.m.,
Student Publications Bldg., or
contact Gene Hicks, Sales Promo-
motion Manager, East Quadran-
American Society of Mechanical
Engineers: Open meeting, 7:30
p.m., Rm. 321, Michigan Union.
Mr. M. R. Fox of Vickers Inc., will
speak on "Applications of Hy-
draulics and Hydraulic Machinery
Institute of Aeronautical Sci-
ences: 7:30 p.m.. Rm. 1084, New
East Engineering Bldg. Dr. M. H.
Nichols, Aeronautical Engineering
Department, will speak on "In-
strumentation in Rocket Flight."
Business: Formation of a Student-
Faculty curriculum committee, in
which discussions for course re-
visions take place. All men having
cars please attend. A final count
for the trip to Cleveland is to be
made. New members and guests
National Lawyers Guild, Student
Chapter: Michigan Union. Busi-
ness meeting, election of officers
for the coming term, and discus-
sion of plans for future lectures.
All members urged to attend.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Executive meeting, 8 p.m., Michi-
YPCM: Executive meeting, 5
p.m., Michigan Union. Member-
La p'tite causette: 3:30 p.m.
Grill Room, Michigan League.
Men's Rifle Club: ROTC rifle
range, 7:15 p.m. A temporary team
will be decided upon. New mem-
.West Quad Radio Club-W8ZSQ:
7:30 p.m., Williams House Tower
Italian Language Conversation
Group: Coffee Hour, 2-4:30 p.m.,
Michigan League Cafeteria. Be-
Roger Williams Guild: Weekly
"chat" at the Guild House, 4:30-
Rabbi Herschel Lymon will hold
his weekly class on "The Outlines
of Jewish History," 4 p.m.,
Hillel Foundation. All students in-
Michigan Dames Bridge group
meets in the Hussey Room, Michi-
gan League, 8 p.m. Mrs. A. F.
American Society of Heating
and Ventilating Engineers, Stu-
dent Branch: O pen meeting,
Thurs., March 18, 7:30 prn., Rm.
229, W. Engineering Bldg.
Speakers: Mr. C. A. Sirrine, of
Loree & Sirrine, local architects;
Prof. Axel Marine, Professor of
Subject: The Relationship Be-
tween the Architect and the En-
International Center weekly tea:
4:30-5:30 p.m.. Thurs., March 18.
Hostesses Mrs. F. 0. Copley and
Mrs. William Fran Kena.
Modern Poetry Club: 8 p.m.,
Thurs., Russian Tearoom, Michi-
gan League. Discussion of Wal-
lace Stevens will continue.
Instruction in American Ball-
room Dancing: Classes, Fri..
March 19, 8-10 p.m., International
Center. Record, dancing 10 p.m.-
Young Democrats: Meet at 7:30
p.m., Thurs., Rm. 318, Michigan
Union. Election of officers for the
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation,
Friday Evening Services, 7:45 p.m.
Mrs. Mary Bromage will speak on
"Refugees from the Peace." All
9or 46 by United F f- Syndcate, inc.
"See? All I do is push a button an' th' top comes down."
DAILY Off ICIAL BULLETIN
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which is signed, 300 words
or less in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views
expressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
* * *
To the Editor:
}lYDA has always supported and
will continue to support ac-
ademic freedom. MYDA had al-
ways fought against and will con-
tinue to fight against abridge-
ments of academic freedom any-
where in the world. This does not
mean, however, that we must ac-
cept as gospel truth every report
of violations of academic freedom
which appears in our press, a
press which is doing everything
in its power to whip up a war
hysteria among the American
The threat to academic freedom
in Czechoslovakia comes not from
the Czech government or the
Czech people, but from the for-
eign policy of the United States.
Our foreign policy is the same as
Hitler's. Our own government ad-
mits the fact.
In the official government re-
port, "Fascism In Action," one
finds the following quotation:
"The foreign policy of National
Socialist Germany has several ob-
jectives; firstly, to fight and erad-
icate the rival system of Commu-
nism, and as a corollary check
Russia everywhere." Hitler es-
poused the Truman Doctrine long
As a result of this policy stu-
dents in Greece and China are
being terrorized by their fascist
governments, while students in
this country are being forced to
fight against those who want to
control our thoughts.
Our foreign policy has brought
reaction to power in France and
Italy. Our government forced the
governments of these two coun-
tries to oust the Communists from
the cabinet and abandon their
nationalistic programs as the
price of American aid. The coups
in these countries came about
with considerable violence, blood-
shedding and police brutality.
Our government tried to pull
the same kind of deal in Czecho-
slovakia. Jan Masaryk said during
the crisis :
"There were some people who
thought it was possible to govern
here without the Communists or
against the Communists. This was
the cause of the crisis."
This attempt was, fortunately,
smashed by the vigorous action of
the Czech government and the
Czech people. If any other course
had been taken, Czechoslovakia
would today be another Greece
or another Spain.
MYDA therefore feels that if
people really want to fight for
academic freedom, they should
send letters to Secretary of State
Marslhall protesting the foreign
policy of the United States which
is suppressing academic freedom
all over the world, which is re-
sponsible for the war hysteria at
home and thereby further re-
sponsible for suppressions of ac-
ademic freedom at home.
To the Editor:
REGARDING THE LACK of a
suitable pool for women, I
would like to suggest a longer
period for their use of the Union
pool. I would recommend that
they take the time now being used
by the local high school. After
all, why shouldn't the University
women have preference over high
school students? The high school
now has two hours a day in the
Union while the women have only
four hours all week. Let's do some-
thing about this unfair distribu-
tion of time.
Greatest In justice
To the Editor:
HERE IS THE biggest gripe yet.
We're getting tired of hearing
about poor food and inadequate
athletic facilities. How petty, in-
deed, when one considers the
grave injustice heaped upon us.
Nowhere on campus is there a
better example of sheer bungling
Immediately prior to finals last
semester construction began in an
attempt to prevent the dining
room at the West Quad from leak-
ing (it rains here in Ann Arbor,
you know). In the process, a cov-
ering structure was built to keep
the projected ceiling of the dining
room dry-and to keep the rooms
Letters to the Editor
on the fourth floor of Williams
House in perpetual darkness. Not
only do the inhabitants of these
rooms never see the light of day,
but also they are obliged to
breathe in shifts in order to con-
serve the limited supply of pure
air. If we open the windows in
desperation. we are greeted by 9
a gust of soot.
During finals it was almost im-
possible to study amid sounds of
drilling and hammering. And now,
two months later, the cover is still -
up. Every now and then a work-
man shows up, bangs in a few
nails tat about 8:05 a.m., of
course) and calls it a day. The
odor of stagnant air in some of
the rooms is most unwholesome.
And where is the job going to
end? June 10, perhaps? Why, we
have first year engineering stu-
dents right here in the West Quad
who could have done much better.
Right about now the snow has
melted, the grass is green, the
warm sunshine opens buttercups
in the meadows. Somewhere birds
are singing and somewhere stu-
dents drink cool beer, but there
is no joy in Williams House, noth-
ing but oarkness, sorrow, and fear
-M. L. Rasnick.k
* * *
To the Editor:
CRAIG WILSON has . . . "dis-
covered only two cases of poor
preparation" . . . Obviously Mr.
Wilson is referring to lunch and
dinner. Mr. Wilson, didn't you
ever get up for breakfast?
-Bernard L. Goodman.
To the Editor:
COMMEND YOU gentlemen
and scholars for the rareness
and delicacy of taste which you
demonstrated in electing my letter k
one of the favored few in your
"If I Were Editor" contest. Thank
you. If I may, I should like to use
once more your columns in an
effort to correct a misapprehen-
Some of my friends have hinted
that my letter apparently was
written while riding my scooter
between home and school. It was,
on a dark night, too. And I should
like to point out to them that
your winning letters were chosen
as the "most constructive and
readable." I aimed toward the
first; I did not have time to try
also for the second. In defense
I might add that I already have
three radios and but one room.
-Stanley G. Harris.
Look inug ack
From the pages of The Daily,
30 YEARS AGO TODAY:
Michigan's track team defeated Chicago,
57-20, in Michigan's first dual meet since
rejoining the Western Conference.
15 YEARS AGO TODAY:
Betsy Barbour House broke with tradi-
tion when the board of governors approved
smoking privileges in the girls' rooms.
The Senate voted to legalize beer of 3.05
per cent alcohol content, but there were
strong indications that the House would in-
sist on its 3.2 figure.
5 YEARS AGO TODAY:
The Daily announced that it would issue
'a weekly eight-page tabloid containing news
for and about the increasing number of
servicemen on campus in the University
Russian troops drove to within 50 miles of
Smolensk but continued to fall back from
their recently-lost stronghold of Kharkov.
IT'S CALLED the Neckties for Europe
campaign. Harvey W. Morley, editor of
the Angola (Ind.) Herald, started it by sug-
gesting that American men send some of
their neckties to the drably clad, strictly
clothes-rationed men of Europe to bring a
spot of color, a twist of variety, a streak
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
John Campbell......Managing E'Mtor
Dick Maloy .............. City Editrr
Harriett Friedman .. Editorial Dlrcctor
Lida Dailes .......... Associate Editor
Joan Katz........... Associate Editor
Fred Schott.........Associate Editor
Dick Kraus............Sports Editor
Bob Lent ......Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson.......Women's Editor
Jean Whitney Associate Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ................ Librarian
Nancy Helrnick .......General Manawet
Jeanne Swendeman.......Ad. Manager
Edwin Schneider .. Finance Manager
Dick Hait....... Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
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entitled to the use for re-publication
of all news dispatched credited to it ac
otherwise credited In this newspaper.
All rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at. Ann
Arbor, Michigan. as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
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Associated Collegiate Press
GIVE A NEW LOOK into your book shel-
ves and see if they need refurbishing.
Has that French I book of yours been get-
ting much dust lately? The answer to your
problem of lack of space, a universal prob-
lem, is the Inter Guild book drive. This
campaign for textbooks for European stu-
dents has only a few more days to go. So
instead of selling that history book for a
few cents, take it to Lane Hall or to one
of the church guilds, where it will be ac-
cepted for shipment to Eurcpe.
All kinds of books are welcome. One of
our French books, for example, would be
used by a foreign student to learn the
Hey, look, Bornaby! There's your Fairy
God father and another dopev little man-
The Sandman is going to throw
sand in peoole's eyes so they'll
t don't want the Better Business