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March 09, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-03-09

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See Page 41







Latest Deadline in hw State



Finns Agree
Military Pact
Russia May Get
Answer Today
By The Associated Press
HELSINKI, Finland, March 8-
Finland decided today to begin
negotiations for a friendship and
military pact with Russia - a
step which may bind this north-
en nation to the Soviet bloc.
The decision climaxed two
weeks of careful study of Soviet
Prime Minister Stalin's request for
such negotiations. The Finnish
cabinet acted in a 90-minute ses-
sion' with President Juho Paasi-
Stalin had suggested that either
Moscow or Helsinki be-designated
as the site for the talks.
A foreign office spokesman told
a news conferencenthat Paasi-
kivi's reply to Stalin "might be
sent to Moscow tomorrow." Its
contents, however, were a closely
guarded secret, at least until Hel-
sinki knows that the answer has
reached the Russian leader's hand.
The spokesman declined to say
whether the Finns would attach
any conditions or counter-propos-
als in connection with military
provisions of the suggested pact.
A majority of the Finnish par-
liament had favored beginning
the talks, but had opposed a mili-
tary alignment with the Soviet
Union on the grounds that a
treaty with military clauses would
place Finland solidly in Russia's
Eastern Bloc against the West.
The date of the negotiations
willhdepend entirely upon the
speed with which Moscow re-
sponds to the Finnish acceptance.
Truman Says
He Will Accept
If Nominated
-President Truman' announced
today that he will run for a full
term in the White House if the
Democrats nominate him.
He also made known that his
civil rights stand is unchanged in
spite of the Southern Democratic
revolt against it
Democratic National Chairman
J. Howard McGrath gave both an-
nouncements to newsmen after
conferring with Mr. Truman at
the White House.
McGrath said:
"The President has authorized
me to say that if he is nominated
by the National Democratic Con-
vention he will accept and run."
This was the announcement re-
porters and others had tried for
months to get from the President.
It blasted the hopes publicly
voiced by some Southern leaders
that he would withdraw from the
1948 Presidential race.
Mr. Truman has been bitterly
assailed by these leaders for ask-
ing Congress to pass federal laws
against lynching, the poll tax re-
quirement, job discrimination on
racial grounds and other matters
bearing on Negro-White relation-
.Will he withdraw or modify any
of his recommendations in view of
the Dixie outcry? McGrath gave
Mr. Truman's answer:
"The President's position is un-
changed since he delivered his

message to Congress. And I might
say that in my view his position, as
expressed in the message, is as old
as the Constitution itself and as
new as the 1944 Democratic plat-
McGrath and Gael Sullivan, the
Democratic National Committee's
Executive Director, also talked
with the President about the Pal-
estine situation.
Clinic forTNSA
Ts Weekend
All students interested in at-
tending the National Student's As-
sociation student government
clinic, Saturday and Sunday at
Michigan State College, should
contact Arlyn Rosen, 2-2591, be-
fore tonight, according to Harvey
Weisburg, N.S.A.Regional Chair-
Problems and powers of student
government will be discussed at

Soviet Claims estern Nations
Destroying Big Four Harmony;






HUNGER STRIKERS FREED ON BAIDI-Held on Ellis Island as alleged alien Communists, the
three men who have been on a hunger strike appear at Federal Court in New York for hearing on
demand for release on bail. Left to right are: John Williamson, Labor Secretary of the Communist
Party; Charles A. Doyle, official of the CIO United Gas Coke and Chemical Workers Union, and
Gerhardt Eisler, alleged No. 1 U.S. Communist. Federal Judge William Bondy, ordered the four
alleged alien Communists released in bail of $3,500 each pending argument on their appeal from
dismissal of habeas corpus writs.

Phone Service
For 'U' Dorms
New Switchboards
Would BeRequired
The University has no plans for
installing additional outside tele-
phone lines into any of its dormi-
tories, F. C. Shiel, manager of
residence halls, told The Daily yes-
Previously Nicholas J. Prakken,
local manager of Michigan Bell,
had said his company would be
able to handle such additional
service after May 15 when the in-
stallation of new equipment will
be sufficiently completed.
Peak Service Impossible
"We recognize that there are
certain times of day and certain
seasons of the year when the resi-
dence hall phones are too busy,
but we cannot provide for peak
service at all times," Shiel de-
Telephone switchboards were
expanded to capacity two years
ago, and the addition of new trunk
lines would require complete re-
placement of switchboards in
everydormitory except the East
and West Quadrangles, he ex-
Shiel listed the following num-
ber of outside lines now being used
by each dormitory: East Quad 16,
West Quad, 18, Vaughn House, 5,
Stockwell, 13, Mosher Jordan, 15,
Newberry-Barbour, 6. There are
also direct "tie lines" between the
quadrangles and womens' dormi-
Bottle-Neck Hits Women
Acknowledging that the wom-
en's dormitories are suffering from
the most severe telephone bottle-
neck, Shiel pointed out that there
are now 1,120 women students liv-
ing in quarters which would nor-
mally house 800.
"We believe this telephone sit-
uation will straighten itself out
when we can unload these resi-
dence halls to their normal limit,"
Shiel said.
World News
AtC a GlanceI
By The Associated Press
top-heavy House vote beat today a
proposal to withhold federal funds
from states discriminating against
* * *

Jazz Camp Still Smoulders
As Left,_Right WingsStruggle

The "be-boppers' and the
"mouldy figs" are still at it.
The feud between- the two jazz
factions-progressives and purists,
respectively-is still smouldering
"off the record" in the University
Hot Record Society.
The purists, variously called
"New Orleans" or "Dixieland" ad-
dicts-plain "mouldy figs" to the
boppers-claim that the boppers
just don't have the spirit of real
Erstwhile Peace
The boppers term the Dixieland-
ers "reactionary." They maintain
that jazz has progressed since its
early days and that the Dixieland-,
ers won't face the fact.
Few Students
Dischargyed in
Local Layoffs
Recent mass layoffs in three
plants in the Ann Arbor area have
had little effect on University stu-
dents working partime, a Daily
survey revealed today.
At Argus, Inc., where 200 em-
ployees were laid off under a tem-
porary seasonal cutback, approxi-
mately two students were effected.
Just A Handful
Not more than a handful of stu-
dents were among the 1,000 work-
ers laid off at Kaiser-Frazer when
it discharged 1,000 workers in a
recent "economy cutback."
Personnel officials at the Ford
Manchester plant reported that
no partime workers are on its pay-
roll. Some 100 local persons were
made jobless by a three-week tem-
porary retooling layoff.
Meanwhile, the Ann Arbor of-
fice of the Michigan Unemploy-
ment Compensation Commission,
I where claims for jobless benefits
have tripled in recent weeks, dis-
closed that partime workers are
not eligible under law to file
claim .
Layoffs Temporary
And workers' rumors of addi-
tional wholesale layoffs in the 7
other major employers in Ann Ar-
bor to date have not been con-
Except for Kaiser-Frazer, which
has abolished its night shift, plant
officials emphasized that the lay-
offs were temporary and that at-
tempts would be made to rehire
most of those affected.
Prospects for partime students
in manufacturing plants remained
slim inasmuch as most plants are
reluctant to take on workers whose
efficiency is subject to the demand
on their time of school work.

Peace and harmony reigns in
the club-most of the time.
A resolution was passed forbid-
ding any discussion of the whole
burning question. But often, mur-
murs of unrest can be heard.
Take Sunday night's weekly rec-
ord session in the League, for ex-
ample. Mary Ann Kulas, an ar-
dent be-bopper brought her prize
platters along to be played. Three
or four other boppers were on
hand. The rest of the society',
members, Dixielanders of old,
heard the records with what ap-
proached passive resistance.
Esprit de Corps
One Dixielander put the differ-
ence between the two factions this
way. "They (meaning the bop-
pers) don't have the spirit of col-
lecting," lie said. "Dixielanders
really collect -searching through
.iunkshops, old music stores, and
evcn attics. Butb oppers-- they
lust buy over the counter."
The boppers answer that one by
saying that there's not much else
they can do, since progressive jazz
didn't get started until about 1944.
when Dizzy Gillespie came along.
Really pricely old Dixitland
classics bring as much as $165,
Dave Duttweiler, president, said.
Mere run-of-the-mill items rate as
much as $30 or $40.
Coiicent'aft i()
Still indecisive freshmen and
sophomores may find the answer
to thaeir' what-to-concentrate-in
problem at the political science
department sponsored concentra-
tion meeting at 4:15 p.m. today.
Bin. 231, A. 1-1.
Prof. R. H. Fifield will open the
talks, speaking on opportuities in
the foreign service, with Profes-
sors L. H. Liang, J. E. Kallenbach
and J. W. Lederle speaking on the
scope of political science and re-
quirements for concentration, the
place of political science in a lib-
eral education and opportunities
in the teaching profession and op-
portunities in civil service em-
ployment, respectively.
Continuing the discussions, the
psychology department will hold
its meeting at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow,
Rm. 231, A. I~. with sociology, so-
cial work, and urban community
program; anthropology and g og
raphy talks Thursday and Friday.
Mimeographed material ha s
been provided by most of the de-
partmentspandMay be obtained
prior to the meeting at the depart-
mentoffice or at the office of aca-
demic counselors.

General Says
Not Seeking
Statement Made for
Wisconsin Primary
By The Associated Press
TOKYO, Tuesday, March 9-
General MacArthur said today he
would accept the presidency "if
called by, the American people,"
but would not actively seek it.
In a special statement comment-
ing upon Wisconsin petitions filed
n his behalf, the Supreme Com-
nander for the Allied Powers
"While it seems unnecessary
for me to repeat that I do not
actively seek or covet any office
and have no plans for leaving
my post in Japan, I can say,
and with dute humility, that I
would be recreant to all my con-
cepts of good citizenship were I
to shrink because of the hazards
and responsibilities involved
from accepting any public duty
to which I might be called by
the American people."
The general said he was "deeply
trateful" for the "spontaneous
fisplay of friendly confidence" by
,hose who filed his name in the
Wisconsin primary next April 6.
In addition to the Wisconsin
nove in his behalf, Hearst news-
apers have begun a "MacArthur
.or America" boom, seeking his
ioiination as Republ ican candi-
late for the presidency.
Until his public statement to-
day, General MacArthur had not
committed himself in any way-
refusing to say whether he
would accept a nomination.
His announcement was regarded
'ere as a go-ahead signal for the
MacArthur campaign in the Unit-
ad States, which in the past has
Jcen given no direct encourage-
.nent from the General himself.
Some observers said it showed he
aas decided he has a good chance
>f obtaining the nomination even
while remaining in Japan.
To Win Five
Tell Us_0f
As The Daily's "If I Were Ed-
itor" contest enters the second
week readers are coming across
with some suggestions we won't
be able to pay $5 for.
Yesterday's prize was a letter
which began "If I Were Editor,
I would resign ..." And a close
second was a letter suggesting we
start "printing on red paper."
These suggestions don't do us
too much good. We have heard
10,000 comments about The Daily
the past year and some good sug-
gestions have been made-and
(ow is the time to come across
on paper. Here's a sample of
something that'll be in the run-
ning at the end of the week.
"Adverse criticism of The'
Daily is not due to a policy of
icon-objectivity and bias . . .
but to sheer incompetence of
staff members. The staff should
be selected not only for its so-
cial conscience but for its social
competence and sconcience."
"Social competence and per-
sonal integrity are the most im-
portant journalistic attributes.
Tha t's the opinion of Robert
s L. Warren of 338 Catherine. If
you have your own ideas about
the staff or anything else send in
your "Editor" letter before Fri-
day. The five $5 prize winners will

be announced March 12.

Just how broad the ruling is,
* * * <
Court Ruling
On Churches
May AffectCity
leased Time' Plan
Is Open To Question
Local religious authorities and
leaders were wondering last night
how the Supreme Court's "Cham- I
paign" decision would affect Ann
Arbor "released time" practices in
religious teaching of school chil-
For the past five years the Ann
Arbor Council of Churches has
operated an interdenominational
teaching system. A church worker,
representing many of the city's
Protestant faiths offers religious
instruction to school children,
during school hours, but in the
churches, not the schools them-
How would the Court's decision
barring religious instruction con-
nected with the schools affect the
local set-up? Lewis C. Reimann,
president of the Council of
Churches, thought the ruling
would probably not affect relig-
ious teaching program here. "We
take the position that this sort of
religious instruction is similar to
outside, released instruction in
music or art," he declared.
However, Prof. Claude Eggert-
sen of the School of Education,
said he considered the Court's de-
cision "not clear" in its effect on
the local program.
"The decision will be helpful in
preventing denominational in-
struciton in schools," Dr. Eggert-
sen continued. "It is in harmony
with the fundamental principle
of using the school as a unifying,
not a dividing force in American
The Rev. Edward H. Redman, of
the Unitarian Church, declared
that if the majority decided that
the teaching of religion on school
time was unconstitutional, it
would affect the Ann Arbor pro-
So Arraign Smith
)i nliquor Charge1
Caterer June Smith will appear
for arraignment at 10 a.m. today
before Municipal Judge Jay H.
Payne on a warrant charging that
he allowed intoxicants to be con-
sumed on premises not licensed by
the Michigan Liquor Control Com-
The hearing was originally set
for yesterday afternoon but a full
docket delayed proceedings in
the Ann Arbor Municipal Court.
The warrant was issued after
police investigated the "It's A
Date Club," which meets on Fri-
days and Saturday's at Smith's
restaurant, 834 Greene St.

however, the court members did
not agree.
Justice Reed, the lone dissenter
among the nine justices, inter-
preted it as prohibiting any relig-
ious instruction of public school
children during school hours. He
said it might knock out systems
operating in many states. New
York was the only specific ex-
ample he mentioned.
Justice Frankfurter, in a sep-
arate opinion which in effect was
a concurrence with the majority,
contended that each program of
school-religious group cooperation
stands on its own feet. He said
many may be constitutionally
proper. Justices Jackson, Rut-
ledge and Burton joined in Frank-
furter's argument.
Ruling Too Broad
Jackson concurred with the re-f
sult reached by the majority but
said the opinion took in too much
He contended that it would in-
vite a flood of suits by "discon-
tented" groups' dxe 1dinT; tlat
school authorities delete from
their teaching everything incon-
sistent with the group's doctrines.
Jackson contended further that
the language was so general that
it might make trouble in teaching
subjects which touch on church
architecture, sacred music, the
historical effect of religious move-
ments, the Bible as literature, or
biology with its theory of evo-
Son Embarrassed
The Champaign plan was at-
tacked by Vashti McCollum, athe-
ist wife of a University of Illinois

Supreme Court Voids Public
School Religious Instruction
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 8-The Supreme Court ruled unconsti-
tutional today the use of public school systems to help any religious
group spread its faith.
It upheld a protest by an atheist mother that a system of relig-
ious taching in Champaign, Ill. schools breaks down the wall between
church and state.
Religion and government, the decision said, "can best work to
achieve their lofty aims if each is left free from the other within
its respective sphere."
Reed Dissented

Raps Merger,
Of Occupation
Zones by West
Called Part of U.S.
Plan To Split Europe
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, March 8 - Russia
charged tonight that the major
Western Powers are trying delib-
eratelyto liquidate the four-power
Council of Foreign Ministers.
A Soviet note to the United
States, Britain and France also
accused British and American
authorities of merging their occu-
pation zones of western Germany
so they would not have to demil-
itarize the region "nor liquidate
their military enterprises in Ger-
The note said the Western Pow-
ers also were "paralyzing" the
Allied Control Council in Ger-
The Western Powers wish to
liquidate the Council of Foreign
Ministers, the note said, "in order
to get rid of all constraints which
might hinder the conduct of such
a policy as the Council of Foreign
Ministers could not agree on."
Bizonia Preparation
Moreover, it said, 'Bizonia, the
economically merged British and
( American zones, was created also
"as preparation for putting into
effect the so called 'American
Plan,'" for Europe.
The "American Plan," it ex-
piainede gj A place Western.
Germany "beyond the joint con-
trol of the four powers." Then,
the note added, the western pow-
ers would use Bizonia and a spe-
cial group of European states to
oppose "the remaining European
states, which will lead to a polit-
ical schism in Europe and the for-
mation of two camps of European
Potsdam Violation
The note said the American-
British-French conference in Lon-
don on the future of Western
Germany violated the Potsdam
Agreement of 1945 and played into
the hands of the warmongers.
Decisions taken at the London
Conference, the note added, "can-
not have legal force and interna-
tional authority."
At the London conference, the
Soviets protested, "the govern-
ments of France, Britain and the
United States took on themselves
the responsibility for disruption
of the agreement on the control
council for Germany."

Pardon Urged
By Unitarians
The Unitarian student group
has sent a telegram to Governor
Thompson of Georgia urging him
to pardon Mrs. Ingrahm and her
two sons who were convicted on a
murder charge
The facts of the Ingrahm case
were presented to the Unitarian
group by Bill Carter of SRA.
He said that Mrs. Ingraham, a
Negro widow and mother of twelve
children was attacked near her
Georgia home by a white farmter
who had ordered her off his land.
Two of her sons, ages 13 and 15
came to her rescue. In the ensu-
ing fight, Carter continued, the
farmer was killed.
Mrs. Ingraham and her two sons
were accused of murder and sen-
tenced to be executed by an all
white jury after a quick trial
Carter said.
The case is going to be appealed
to a higher court on May 6.
IRA is planning to hold a mass
"Aid the Ingrahms" rally to raise
money for lawyer expenses for the
Wired-Radio Gn'ild
To Meet Tonight
Student wired-radio will get un
derway in earnest on campus to
night with a meeting of all stu
dents who want to get in on the
ground floor, in the new Student
Wired-Radio Guild.
The airwaves group will hold iti
first meeting at 7:30 p.m. today


SHANGHAI, Tuesday, March
9-Two P-39 fighter planes with
Soviet markings attacked a
Chennault commercial transport
plane late yesterday while it was
en route from Mukden to Tsing-
tao, North China, the airline re-
ported today
WASHINGTON, March 8-With
the approval of the U. S. Treasury,
a drive got under way on Capitol
Hill today to end federal taxes on
* * *
VIENNA, March 8-(A3)--U.S.
Army authorities said today that
Pfc. Jack Grunden, 18, Portland,
Ore., was shot in the back last
night after refusing to obey a


SL Committee To Act
As UnifyingForce
With the conclusion of the Das-
cola trial, the Student Legislature
sub-committee on racial discrimi-
nation, which was originally or-
ganized to take over "Operation
Haircut," has been revised.
It intends to act as a unifying
fcrce for the diversified actions of
all organizations working toward
the same ultimate goal.
In a statement on the outcome
of the trial Norris Domangue,
chairman of the sub-committee,
said that Dascola's actions and
statements are understandable as
he had a reputation and has a
business to protect.
Defense attorney Conlin's state-
ment and actions are understand-
able, he said, as he had a trial to
* However, Domangue continued,
the most dismaying aspect of the
entire farce was the shocking sus-
ceptibility of a supposedly normal
jury to the snide remarks, insinu-
ations, and issue-dodging tactics

Advertising Hailed as Life Blood of All Newspapers

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Three hundred years ago on

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