Sec Page 4
Laitest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 108 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 1948
PRICE FIVE CENTS
By AL BLUMROSEN
A verdict is expected today in
the trial of barber Dominic Das-
cola for allegedly violating the
Diggs anti-discrimination act.
The trial was held yesterday in
the packed chambers of Judge Jay
H. Payne's Municipal Court before
a jury of five men and a woman.
Dascola was accused by William
Grier '48M of refusing to give him
a haircut because of his race.
Court will reconvene this morning
when the jury will be charged and
attempt to reach a verdict.
Prosecuting Attorney Douglas
K. Reading brought out testi-
mony by Grier, Prof. Urie Bron-
fenbrenner, and Prof. George A.
Satter of the psychology depart-
ment and student Nicholas Dan-
cy claimed that Grier had come
into Dascola's shop on Dec. 11
and asked for a haircut. The
witnesses said Dascola told Grier
that he didn't know how to cut a
Negro's hair and did not want to
attempt a poor job.
On the stand, Dascola said he
would have cut Grier's hair if he
had known how, but that it re-
quired special equipment, training
and experience to cut the hair of
Oette Marney, local Negro bar-
ber, testifying for the prosecution,
said that he had cut white men's
hair for several years in Tennes-
I see before beginning to cut Ne-
gro's hair and that there was no
difference in the techniques used.
Dascola claimed that he had
never been asked to cut a Negro's
hair until Grier approached him
last December and that he had
never done any work of that kind.
Carroll Little, former IRA presi-
dent, testified that in November,
1946 he had asked and been re-
fused a haircut, while congratulat-
ing Dascola oi a letter to The
Daily deploring discrimination.
Dascola, on the witness 'stand,
said in rebuttal, that Little had
never asked him for a hair cut.
In the summation, Prosecutor
Reading told the jury that prog-
ress in the fight for civil rights
should not be stopped. "This is
not a test of law," he said, "but a
test of people's respect for law."
Defense attorney John Conlin
noted that the only complainants
were students or faculty members.
"The only question is whether
Dascola knew how to cut a Negro's
hair," Conlin said. He claimed that
V the Diggs act was not intended to
deny anyone the right to refuse
to do a job if hie couldn't do it well,
HELSINKI, Finland, March 5-.
(-')--A majority of the Finnish
parliament favored tonight the
opening of treaty negotiations
with Russia but opposed entering
any far-reaching military alli-
Of the six parliamentary groups,
only the Communist-dominated
Popular Front bloc has voiced sup-
port for a full military alignment
with the Soviet Union. This bloc
has 51 of the 200 seats in the Fin-
Prime minister Stalin of Russia
has asked for a treaty of friend-
ship and mutual assistance.
If the proposed treaty is stripped
of mutual assistance clauses, it
would boil down to a cultural and
friendship pact. Most Finns feel
this would be meaningless since
the September, 1947 peace treaty
already regulates such relations
between the two countries.
President Juho Paasikivi had
asked the parliamentary groups
for their opinions on the treaty
negotiations. A government minis-
ter said the statements of the va-
rious parties should be regarded as
"merely reflecting public opinion"
The important point to remem-
ber, he said, is that Paasikivi alone
must make the decision on the
us about it.
THIS is day number four of The
Daily's "If I Were Editor" contest
and our readers have pulled no
punches telling us what's right
and what's wrong up here.
With a possible $5 in the offing,
one of our readers came through
yesterday with a parody of our
sportswriting. His general com-
plaint was that you couldn't fol-
low the sportswriter through a
maze of comparative scores and
"predictions of things to come."
WELL what about it? Is sports-
writing baloney or isn't it?
Other readers are hitting us
constantly on editorial policy.
Most say we load the columns
whether we sign the edits or not
-that there ought to be a more
"pro and con stuff" attitude. Only
one reader thinks the editorial
page looks like a "bulletin board"
BUT there's still a lot to be said.
So far nobody has written about
the "readability" of The Daily. For
instance. Can you get through our
first graphs on the first try, or
shall we simplify everything a la
Let's have your opinion. Enter
the "If I Were Editor" contest
and tell us what you would do
if you ran The Daily. Keep your
letters under 250 words and mail
them to "If I Were Editor" be-
fore March 12. Daily Senior Edi-
tors will announce the five $5
winning letters in the March 14
'U' Acts After
The University cracked down on
the dance photograph set-up yes-
terday after the third contract
fiasco in little more than a year.
Associate Dean of Students
Walter B. Rea said that photo
agreements for future all-campus
dances would have to be made
by written contracts which would
become effective only when ap-
proved by the University auditor,
Meanwhile, the State Drug
Co., snapped the pictures at last
night's Soph Prom while Bob
Gach called off a threatened
suit against the prom commit-
tee, although he claimed he had
legal grounds for suit.
The mixup started last week
when Gach made a verbal agree-
ment with Don Hiles, committee
chairman, to take the pictures for
Hiles didn't know it, but com-
mittee member Jack Waters had
already clinched the same sort of
contract with the State Drug Co.
Faced with two conflicting
agreements, the Soph Prom Com-
mittee met Wednesday and de-
cided to honor the earlier one
with State Drug and to break the
later contract with Gach.
Gach told The Daily yester-
day that "the committee made
a contract with me and broke
it at the last minute.aTheir ex-
cuses appear pretty thin."
Waters, who made the State
Drug agreement on his own, with-
out consulting Hiles, said that he'd
understood it was has job as pub-
licity chairman to arrange for the
Hiles, looking a bit flustered,
said he regretted that the Gach
contract had to be broken, -and
called the whole affair "a case
of the right hand's not knowing
what the left hand was doing."
A changed and broadened literary college curriculum aimed at
providing a flexibility in the concentration program "and common
intellectual experiences for all students" was adopted early this week
by the faculty.
Charles H. Peake, assistant dean of the literary college, made
the announcement yesterday and said the program will go into effect
after various administrative details are settled.
The new plan is partly in response to student criticisms hitting
the "restrictiveness" of the present program, he said.
Under the proposals, students in their last two years will be
able to graduate without the so-called major by electing an integrated
program involving two or more departments.
These "inter-departmental" programs will be supplemented by
the special "degree programs," already authorized by the faculty.
Examples of "degree programs" in effect now are science and math
and religion and ethics combinations.
Thus, a student may earn his degree, for example, by taking
a combination of English, economics and political science.
Lit School Curriculum Altered
Other programs now in existence will be continued. These include
department (English), area (Latin-American) and Teacher Certifi-
The important changes in the freshman-sophomore programs
will give all students a pretty well rounded pre-concentration founda-
tion. Admission to concentration will require 54 hours in six groups
instead of the present 42 hours in three groups.
Students will take two semesters in either literature, humanities,
fine arts or music--and 14 hours in the social sciences and 12 hours
in the natural sciences.
Another new requirement will be two years of college work or the
equivalent in a foreign language. Also students will have a choice
of either two semesters in math or two in philosophy.
The two semester requirement in English composition has not
The plan was drawn up by the Committee on Curriculum Revision
under the chairmanship of Prof. K. C. McMurry, of the geography
Set f'orApril 2
Student political groups seeking
a revision or modification of exist-
ing by-laws prohibiting political
speeches on University property
will have to wait a i onth for a
fmil diecisii-tHie -Board of Re-
gents decided yesterday to post-
pone all consideration of the prob-
lem until their April 2 meeting.
The decision was reached af-
ter the Regents discuss d a com-
munication from the Student
Affairs Committee which ar-
rived too late to be included In
the regular agenda of yester-
The Student Affairs Commnittee
Resolution cited the existingby-
laws, plus a conflicting interpre-
tation adopted in 1926 and asked
for a new interpretation to guide
them in passing on speaker re-
quests from student political clubs.
The official statement from
the Regents' Meeting said that
the Board would "give full con-
sideration to this request April
New Sports A rena Delayed
By Finances, Crisler Reports
By ARCH PARSONS
Daily Special Writer
Preferential ticket problems and early migrations to Michigan
athletic contests are going to be with us for quite a while, because
the University's proposed athletic plant expansion has stalled in the
face of financial difficulties, according to Athletic Director "Fritz"
That new 20,000-seat sports arena which was discussed last year
is still very far away.
A new clubhouse on the golf course is the only project wiiich
has reached even the "sketching -------- _ .. _ _-- --. ---
and planning" stage. "The con- said might be a "utility building,"
tractor's shack which is now usedB.a
as a clubhouse is a disgrace," Cris- Besides basketball and hockey
Ier said. "We hope to obtain final games, other events, such as coin-
of the new building with- mencement exercises and concerts,
in the next month ' might be held there. It is pro-
The Wolverine director admitted posed that the new building would
that receipts. from Michigan stand on the site of the present
football games-the athletic ad-A etic Admmistration Office'
ministration's only source of rev- and extend north towards the
enue-increased last season, but corner of Hoover and State
lie added that the cost of operat- stbee sketches of the buikd-
ing the University's existing ath-inhaebnmd.
letic plant has risen 50 per cent If the new sports arena proves
since before the war. to be an impossibility, Yost Field
"The State Legislature has House might be remodeled. "The
never appropriated any money for Field House was constructed so
Michigan's athletic buildings in that a second balcony could be
the past, and I can see little pos- added to it if necessary," Crisler
sibility of a change in their pol- stated, "but this would not be as
icy for the future," Crisler said. satisfactory as a new building, al-
"Any finances for the proposed though it might ease the present
building program will probably situation quicker."
come from our receipts and from "It's a bad situation now," Cris-
a new bond issue or loan which ler concluded, "and the trouble
we may be forced to float," he lies in the fact that the present
added. athletic plant was constructed for
Long-distance plans still call for a student body half the size of the
the sports arena which Crisler present one."
In Track Tilt
ihree Men in 440
CHAMPAIGN, Ill., March 5 -
(/P)-Ohio State set a surprising
pace in the preliminaries of the
Big Nine indoor track and field
meet tonight by qualifying 11 per-
formers, one more than the de-
fending champion Illinais.
Michigan, also rated a strong
title threat in tomorrow's 12 event
finals qualified nine men, Iowa
had six certified in the six event
test at the Illinois armory, while
Indiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Purdue, and Northwestern had
Despite its low count of three
qualifiers, Northwestern's Bill
Porter turned in the best per-
formances of the evening. His
:08.6 in the 70 highs and :07.9 in
the 70 lows were only one-tenth
of a second off the American in-I
door marks for both events. f
Ohio State was paced by versa-r
tile Lloyd Duff, who also skipped
the low hurdles in :08.6, qualifiedt
in the low hurdles and had the
second best broad jump of 23 feet,
The best broad jump was 23 feet
117 inches by Lloyd La Mois ofj
Minnesota, who conceivably mayc
break the conference mark of 24
feet, 5 inches held by Paul Mil-,
ler of Purdue. La Mois recently
cleared 24 feet 8 inches in a
league triangular meet.
Best time in the 60 yard dash
trials was :063 by Church May
of Purdue. Semi-finals in this
event will be held tomorrow af-
ternoon, along with semi-finals
in the 70 yard high hurdles.
Besid'- the broad jump, the best
slOt for a new conference record
in tomorrow's finals appears to be
in the shot put here. Michigan's
Chuck Fonville will be shooting
for the 57 foot mark after getting
a league mark of 53 feet, 2
inches in last ,year's meet.
Half mile champion Herb Bar-
ten of Michigan warmed up for
See HARRIERS, Page 3
Lawy er Guil
The local chapter of the Stu-
dent National Lawyers Guild has
joined with other student groups
in urging the reinstatement of
In a letter to President Ruth-
ven they pointed, out that no
charges were ever brought against
the organization or its individual
members. They stated their belief
that student groups should be
judged on the basis of their ac-
tivities and should receive equal
and impartial treatment under
rules governing student conduct.
Jerry McCroskey, chairman of
the student chapter of the Na-
tional Lawyers Guild, said: "We
urge you as President of our Uni-
versity to resist the elements in
our national life who are attempt-
ing to suppress that free expres-
sion of ideas without which an
educational institution cannot ful-
fill its responsibility of training
American citizens for tomorrow."
BEFORE THE INVASION-Five high-spirited Michigan men relax in the womanless, bookless
atmosphere of the Union taproom. Every day approximately 5,000 students gather here to talk,
take it easy, and consume over 3,000 cups of coffee and 100 dozen doughnuts. Women attending
the Union Open House today can enjoy the yearly privilege of seeing the taproom by daylight.
Union Open House To Get Underway
This is the day.
At 1:15 p.m. Jim Brieske will dig
hi$ cleats into the crusted snow in
front of the Union, pause, and
make the short dash to where
Gene Derricotte will hold the ball
that will score the copversion,
which will officially open the Un-
ion Open House.
Then, through doors which for a
year have admitted only males,
hundreds of men, women, and
children will pass-some will con-
tinue to the pool for a gigantic
Water Ballet, others to the Main
Ballroom to see Rose Bowl films,
and still others to the fabulous sci-
entific show, "Previews of Prog-
According to Union student offi-
cers, visitors will have hardly a
minute to spare if they are to see
all of the many shows and exhibi-
tions planned. The Water Ballet,
featuring 25 of the most skillful
(and beautiful) women swimmers
on campus, will begin at 1:30, and
offer 45 minutes of water specta-
Meanwhile. the men behind the
"Previews of Progress" show will
be pushing buttons, turning
switches, and testing the many
marvels of modern science which
they will demonstrate at 2 p.m.
Those who miss the first "Pre-
views" exhibit will be able to see
the show when it is presented
again at 4 p.m.
ftut that's not all. During the
afternoon some of the best ping-
pong players, bowlers, and bil-
liard experts in Ann Arbor will ex-
hibit the form which has put them
into the class of champions.
Some other attractions are well
worth remembering, too. The Un-
ion tower, student offices, IFC of-
fices and glee club room will be
open for inspection. Women visi-
tors may walk down the well worn
steps, past the chain-smoking
deer, and into the spacious tap-
room, second "home" to thousands
of Michigan men.
To top off the giant affair, there
will be a gala specialty dance from
9 to 12 midnight, featuring the
music of Frank Tinker and his
Union orchestra and the intermis-
sion singing of the West Quad
The time: 1:15 p.m. The place:
The Michigan Union. The cost:
The Daily discovered yesterday
that the seeds of the controversial
by-law lay originally in a 1924 ac-
tion by the Regents supporting a
policy presented by a Deans' Con-
ference. The action declared:
"Speeches in support of particular
candidates of any particular party
or faction ordinarily shall not be
The Regents rewrote this ac-
tion into an actual by-law in
1937, and at that time omitted
the controversial word "ordi-
nary" for its text. The Student
Affairs Committee contends that
this by-law is too restrictive
and if strictly interprited would
even rule out student and fac-
I'Wallking Mart'Weaves Way
Round World in Wheelbarrow.
By GEORGE WALKER
It's a long way from Ellensburg, Wash., to Ann Arbor, Mich., but
the lean, leathery man who pushed a wheelbarrow over the 6,222 mile
route was anything but exhausted.
Larry Hightower, 47 year old ex-cowpuncher, was in the highest
of spirits as he told a Daily reporter of his plans to carry out a two-
year old dream of gushing a wheelbarrow around the world.
"One clay, two years ago, I happened to look at two calendars
hanging on the wall. On one was
a. picture of an airplane circling 'Ith o
the globe-the other showed a Bjig tive Gets
man pushing a wheelbarrow I
through a garden. Then it struck Case
me: If the pilot can do it with ---~~~~_
an airplane, why can't I do it LAKE SUCCESS, March 5-(P)
with a wheelbarrow? And that's -The United Nations Security
just wljat I'm doing," he ex- Council late today rejected a
As Michigan faculty members
and students forwarded protest
petitions to Atty. Gen. Tom Clark,
Federal Judge William Bondy yes-
terday refused to release on bail
three alleged Communists await-
ing deportation proceedings on
Ellis Island, according to the As-
The judge informed attorneys
he must give the matter of bail
further study before he could
make a decision.
The men are Gerhart Eisler, al-
leged No. 1 U. S. Communist John
Williamson, labor secretary of the
Communist Party, and Charles A.
Doyle, an official of the CIO Gas,
Coke and Chemical Workers un-
The faculty petition, which also
named Claudia Jones as one of
those held "without bail," was
signed by L. G. Vander Velde, Mi-
chael Pargment, David Leonard, A.
J. Jobin, Clara Park, John F.
Shepard and Wilfred Kaplan.,
ulty speeches in support of po-
litical candidates or parties,
WASHINGTON, March 5-(P)
-The CIO fired Harry Bridges to-
day and Senator Taylor of Idaho
suggested that President Truman
fdre Generals MacArthur and
Foreign policy and third party
politics were behind both devel-
Bridges lost his job as the CIO's
Northern Califorida regional di-
rector because he supported Henry
A. Wallace for President and op-
posed the European recovery pro-
gram. His stand was contrary to
Taylor, Wallace's running mate
on the third party ticket, wrote
Mr. Truman that the two generals
in the Far East were urging "a
foreign policy at variance with
that of the administration."
Mr. Truman fired Wallace as
Secretary of Commerce in 1946,
Taylor recalled, for publicly dis-
agreeing with administration for-
The Idaho senator added:
"In order that you may be con-
sistent with the policy which you
laid down in the case of Mr. Wal-
lace, I suggest that the resigna-
tions of General MacArthur and
General Wedemeyer must also be
e O ers
PITTSBURGH, March 5-(P)
Coal opera tor today dangled in
an uncomfortable fix designed for
them by that old master of sus-
pcense-bristling browed John L.
Here's what it's all about:
The contract with the UMW
signed last July provides that op-
erators shall pay a royalty of 10
cents a ton on all coal mined. That
money goes into a welfare funds
for workers-to the tune of about
$60,000,000 a year.
Lewis wants $100 monthly pen-
sions paid to miners 60 and over
with 20 years' service in the mines.
Freezing Weaiher Here To Stay
Following tradition older than
the Michigan-Minnesota football
rivalry, March continued in its
lionesque fashion yesterday, while
townspeople and students bundled
themselves up for polar weather
and piled more coal on the fire.
Looking for relief, The Daily
called the U.S. Weather Bureau in
Ypsilanti, but little warmth was
forthcoming from that direction.
Bureau reports predict a high of
freezing today and possible snow
Grudgingly, the Bureau issued
an optimistic report for Sunday
and Monday when a slightly ris-
ing trend is expected, but still it's
a long hard winter.
Two Year Trek
Hightower left Ellensburg on
July 4, 1946, and has spent the
last' two years on the highways.
He chose a devious route-not
content with the shortest way he
journeyed all the way to Texas,
through the middle west and on to
Ann Arbor, wvhere he arrived
Hardships? Well, once, in a
Texas desert, the thermometer
reached a gruelling 140 degrees,
and in Illinois sank to eight below.
Along the way, he was stopped by
hundreds of motorists each day,
who wanted an explanation of his
Hightower's wheelbarrow is his
pride and joy. Complete with
lights, the balloon-tired model is
equipped with all the necessities
of a wheelbarrow pusher-flash-
lights, signals, and a hundred
other odds and ends.
.r_ A- - .:e.
United States proposal which
would have committed the coun-
cil now to all-out aid in parti-
Instead, the Council voted to
ask the big powers to consult and
then say what instructions the
council should give the UN Pales-
These instructions would bear
on implementation of the UN As-
sembly's partition decision of last
Vatican Decree Applicable to
Local Catholics, Priest Says
MORE MEATLESS DAYS AHEAD?
Long Meat Strike Will Affect l' Supply
The Vatican decree directing
Catholics to vote only for candi-
dates who "defend the rights of
the ChMuch" is applicable to Ann
Arbor Catholicg s well as those in
ing election there will automati-
cally excommunicate Catholics.
The situation in the United
States is a little'different, Father
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