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January 16, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-01-16

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COLD

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 85 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Dorsey Band
Will Furnish
J-Hop Music
Dunham To Play
Alternate Sets
Over 3,000 students will dance
to the music of Tommy Dorsey
and Sonny Dunham beneath a
star-studded ceiling at the tradi-
tional J-Hop from 10 pFm. to 2
ha.m. Friday and Saturday, Feb. 6
and I in the Intramural Building
M Sonny Dunham, hailed as one
of the nation's top trumpet and
trombone stylists, will feature
Pete Hanley, vocalist and the
Trombbne Choir. The handsome
bandleader has long been known
as the only leader with the out-
standing ability to double in brass.
," The "Sentimental Gentleman,"
Stuart Foster, vocalist, and Ziggy
Elman will alternate dance sets
with Dunham's band. Elman is
rated the hottest trumpet player
in captivity because of his ability
to hold a note longer than the
Morris Plan.
Winter Wonderland
The large gymnasium in the In-
tramural Building will be trans-
formed into a winter wonderland
for the two formals. Blue valences
studded with stars that sparkle in
the halflight, will drape the ceil-
ing and ends of the room. The
walls will be white decorated with
black silhouettes on a winter
theme, while an illuminated full
moon will shine down on the
dancers.
Booths furnished with easy
chairs and couches will line the
walls to serve as gathering places
for campus groups at intermission
and between sets.
Booths for independent men and
their J--Hop guests will be spon-
sored by the East and West Quad-
rangles Saturday night.
No Flowers
In accord with traditional J-
Hop policy flowers will not be
worn to J-Hop. Only members of
the central committee and their
guests will be allowed to wear cor-
sages. Unusual favors and dance
programs will be distributed to
coeds at the formals.
Coeds will receive 4 a.m. per-
mission Saturday and Sunday,
Feb. 7 and 8, according to the of-
fice of the Dean of Women.
Tickets for the J-Hop break-
fasts, to be given by the League
and Union, will be on sale from
9 a.m. to 5 p.m. today at the
University Hall ticket booth. Dur-
ing the week of registration break-
fast tickets will be available at
the League and Union.
U.S. Asks Oil,
Gasoline Curb
Seeks End of Supply
Distribution Problem
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15-(P)-
The government called on the
public today to reduce consump-
tion of scarce gasoline, fuel oil and
gas by 15 per cent as a new cold
wave rolled across the northern
plains toward the eastern sea-
board already shivering in below
zero weather.
Secretary of Interior Krug told
an emergency conference of fuel
coordinators from more than
twenty states that voluntary con-
sumer curtailment is necessary

not only to relieve the current pe-
troleum shortage but also to speed
solution of a supply and distribu-
tion problem that may continue
four or five years.
Krug's request was presented
by Max Ball, director of the de-
partment's oil and gas division,
who said President Truman also
is preparing an order to govern-
ment establishments to practice
"rigorous" conservation measures.
The forecast of continued cold
for the Middle Atlantic States and
New England brought little hope
for easing the strain on dwindling
fuel stocks.
In all sections the story was the
same: Oil production in the Unit-
ed States is at a record peake but
over-strained distribution iacili-
ties are unable to cope with in-
creased demands further intensi-
fied by severe weather.

Sawyer Backs Demand
For Strong Air Forces
Cites Ability of Other Nations To Construct
Atom Bombs Within Three to Five Years
By JAKE HURWITZ
Warning that any nation with the necessary resources and the de-
sire to do so can have an atomic bomb within three to five years, Dean
Ralph A. Sawyer of the Graduate school yesterday gave Policy Com-
mission recommendation for a powerful air force.
Commenting on the commission's request for an additional one
and a half Lillion dollars for defense appropriations and their warn-
ing that other nations will have a bomb in five years, Dean Sawyer
said there is much danger in facing atomic warfare without
Ian air force to defend ourselves as

Mayor Says

Headquarters
Set for Student
Guide P rogram
Advisors Will Meet
At 25 Angell Hall
Catalogue-bewildered students
,ay take their program troubles
to student advisors every day dur-
ing registration week in Rm. 25,
Angell Hall, where the new
Course Content Student Advisory
?rogram will have its headquar-
ters.
Prepared to direct students to
courses relating to individual in-
sts and requirements, advisors
will give detailed descriptions of
,ourses in the major concentra-
ion fields. Each advisor will be a
pecialist in one field--usually his
'oncentrate, and will advise stu-
ents on courses in, that field only.
The first time such a student
4dvisory system has been put into
'>peration, the Course - content
Program is expected to have wide-
spread success in the literary col-
tege, according to Dave Dutcher,
:o-chairman of the Student Leg-
islature Cultural and Educational
Committee, which initiated the
alan. If enough students take ad-
vantage of the program, it will be
expanded to other schools and
colleges, Dutcher said.
Dutcher re-emphasized, how-
ever, that only factual informa-
tion concerning courses will be
given, with no discussion of the
relative difficulty of the course or
of the merits of the professor.
WTorld News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15-
Secretary of the Army Royall said
today that this country probably
will have to resume drafting men
for the armed forces unless it
adopts the multi-billion dollar
European Recovery Program now
before Congress.

well as to mount a counterattack.
Biggest Obstacle
Turning to the possibility that
other nations can build an atom
bomb, Dean Sawyer indicated that
the biggest obstacle is in deter-
mining whether or not it is practi-
cable, and we have certainly dem-
onstrated that, he stated.
It has been characteristic of us
to prepare for war after it has
already engulfed us, Dean Sawyer
pointed out. Our unpreparedness
policy has never succeeded in
keeping us out of wars, he added.
We cannot afford to be unpre-
pared in an atomic age. It would
be too late after a war has started,
Dean Sawyer emphasized. The
time for preparation is before the
bomb can be dropped, he said.
Earth Tremors
Dean Sawyer, who was civilian
technical director of the atomic
bomb test off Bikini Atoll, doubts
whether the earth tremors re-
corded in Europe last summer
mean that Russia has an atomic
bomb.
A bomb exploded in the air
would not cause an earth tremor,
he pointed out. Only an under-
ground or underwater explosion
could be expected to register on a
seismograph, but it would be dif-
ficult to distinguish from an
earthquake, Dean Sawyer said.
But even an "Iron Curtain" can
not hide an atom bomb, he added.
Student Loans
From'~U' Up
50 Per Cent
University students, proving
that they are as inflation-pinched
as the rest of the country, have
jumped student loans made by
the University almost 50 per cent
of the amount made last year, fig-
ures from the Office of Student
Affairs reveal.
Almost 4,000 loans to 2,109 stu-
dents were made by the University
Loans Committee, mostly to veter-
ans waiting for slow arriving sub-
sistence checks. Well over $200,-
000 was paid out in loans by the
committee to the students "caught
short."
Virtually all loan requests come
from veterans with late check
problems, or who are unable to
make the checks cover new or un-
usual expenses.
Both short and long term loans
are made by the committee, which
includes Gordon B. Jory, Univer-
sity cashier, Herbert G. Watkins,
secretary and assistant vice-presi-
dent of the University, Erich A.
Walter, dean of students and Mary
C. Bromage, assistant dean of
women. Short term loans are in-
terest free, unless overdue, with
extensions obtainable. Longer
term loans, payable six months
after the student's graduation,
carry a very low interest rate.
Under regulations governing the
committee, a student must be reg-
istered at least two semesters in
the University to be eligible for a
loan, but since the war the influx
of veterans and the delays in
checks have led' to individual ex-
ceptions.
Individual needs also govern the
amount of the loan and liberaliza-
tion of terms. The Goodwill Fund
for men has aided in this respect
by supplying the interest on the
short term loans.
Students applying for loans
should report to the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs from 1 to 5 p.m. any
afternoon.

Ordinance Is
Not Harmful
TellsP lans for
Curb on Meetinos
By PHIL DAWSON
"No question of denying free-
dom of speech or assembly is in-
volved" in the proposed ordinance
empowering the mayor to grant or
refuse requests for tag days, pa-
rades and public meetings on city
property,,Mayor William E. Brown,
Jr., said yesterday.
In fact, he pointed out, "the or-
Sdinance doesn't grant the mayor
any new powers-the power is al-
ready given in the city charter,
which provides that the mayor can
prohibit any public gathering he
thinks would result in a riot."
'Power Needed'
'Somebody's got to have the
power," he explained, "to stop
meetings or parades which would
be general nuisances, and some-
body has to know where meetings
will be held if adequate police pro-
tection is to be provided."
Common Council will consider
the measure Monday.
Asked if he favored setting up
criteria within the ordinance to
define "undesirable" meetings,
Mayor Brown said:
"There's no way it could be
worded to exclude the things we
don't want without also limiting
harmless or beneficial meetings.
Anyway, if the mayor hasn't got
your confidence, get rid of him.'"
MYDA'sirecent request for a
meeting in Felch Park, which
precipitated the proposed ordi-
nance, was denied "because of a
strong probability of violence,"
the mayor said.
"Firearms, stones and other
missiles were confiscated by police.
If Eisler had appeared there would
have been serious trouble.
Prevent Trouble
"That's just the kind of thing
this ordinance is designed to pre-
vent," he said. "Its purpose is to
call attention to the mayor's
power in these situations."
Mayor Brown said requests have
been made, and refused, for per-
mission to:
Hold a religious meeting on the
courthouse lawn;
Initiate numerous tag day cam-
paigns in which "professional so-
licitors would embezzle most of
the contributions";
Have all sorts of "unjustified
parades under the leadership of
fanatics on days when traffic is
tangled anyway."
"If the ordinance isn't passed,"
the mayor said, "the city will be
flooded with every conceivable
kind of nuisance.-
Daily Feature
Positions Open
Artist, Columnists
Needed ForSpring
A cartoonist and a columnist,
both possessing an understanding
of campus issues, are being sought
by The Daily for the spring term
Competition has also been re-
opened for special positions as re-
viewers. Critics are wanted for Art
Cinema League movies, current
movies, Play Production, Choral
Union concerts, art exhibits and

current books.
All appliants for these positions
should bring or mail samples of
their work to The Daily, 420 May-
nard, before Feb. 13. No samples
will be returned by mail.
Meetings for students interested
in trying out for the business,
women's, sports or editorial staffs
will be held during the first week
of next term. The time and loca-
tion of the meetings will be an-
nounced in the first issue. Anyone
who can not attend should notify
the editors.

Marshall Blasts
Drastic Changes
Of ERP Measure
Warns Alterations Might Endanger
Prospects of European Recovery
By The Associated Press
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 15-Secretary of State Marshall said tonight
in a speech plainly aimed at Congress that radical alteration of the
Administration's foreign aid program might imperil the chances of
European Recovery.
He acknowledged there might be plans of omission or phrasing
in the aid bill submitted by President Truman and said Congress
doubtless would improve the measure in some particulars.
But he stressed ghat the principal terms of the four-year pro-
gram, with its $6,800,000,000 initial outlay, were drafted with utmost
care "to meet many vital consider- * * *

POSTER BOY HAS A PUNCH.. . Three-year-old Terr'y Tullos
of Laurel, Miss., puts a punch in his pose for the National Infan-
tile Paralysis fund drive which opens Jan 15. Youngest child ever
to be chosen for the poster of the March of Dimes, Terry was
selected from thousands of polio patients throughout the country.
He will go to New York with his parents to open the campaign
there after appearing in Washington, D.C.
* * * *
AID POLIO VICTIMS:
Dime Daily Will Spark Local
March of .Dimes Camp-aign

LAKE SUCCESS, Jan. 15-
Creation of a United Nations
military force to carry out par-
titioning of Palestine was pro-
posed today by Senator Vicente
J. Francisco, Philippine member
of the UN Commission chosen to
divide the Holy Land into Jew-
ish and Arabic countries by
Oct. 1.
DUSSELDORF, Germany, Jan.
15-A warning of widespread
strikes and even hunger riots in
the Ruhr was voiced by the chief
labor union official of the British
zone tonight as British and
American military government
chiefs centered attention on a re-
ported communist scheme for
sabotage of the Marshall Plan.
JERUSALEM, Jan. 15-At least
71 persons were reported slain to-
day in fierce Arab-Jewish fighting
in southern Palestine and in the
teeming streets of the northern
port city of Haifa.
RALEIGH, N.C., Jan. 15-Jo-
sephus Daniels, Secretary of
the Navy in the First World
War, former Ambassador to
Mexico and editor and publisher
of the Raleigh News and Ob-
server died today after a two-
week illness. He would have
been 86 in May.
* *- *
DETROIT, Jan. 15-Spearhead-

The Michigan Daily's "Dime
Daily" will spark the current Ann
Arbor March of Dimes campaign
which opened yesterday and will
continue until Jan. 30.
Formerly the "J-Hop Edition,"
the new issue will be sold by mem-
U' Graduates
Will Present
Lectures Here
Two University graduates, Ham-
ilton Cochran, former Daily staff-
er, now on the Saturday Evening
Post, and Paul Shinkman, radio
news analyst will appear here to-
day as final speakers in the Jour-
nalism department lecture series.
Cochran, speaking at 10 a.m.,
in Am. B, Haven Hall, will take
his listeners "behind the scenes
in the Post editorial department,"
and Shinkman, at 3 p.m., Rm. E,
will speak on "The Washington
News Front."
Although in charge of automo-
tive advertising for the Post,
Cochran has worked for the gov-
ernment, done business promotion
and advertising, and written six
books, including "Captain Ebony,"
and "Rogue's Holiday," to be pub-
lished soon.
Graduating from the University
in 1922, Cochran spent 10 years
doing advertising and editorial
work, including two spent in Eng-
land as an advertiser for American
and British firms.
Shinkman, also a University
grad, served an apprenticeship as
cub reporter in Chicago, spent five
years for the Chicago Tribune in
Paris and London, and then did
roving assignments for INS on the
eve of World War II.
Filing first hand reports on the
approaching war Shinkman was
called to Washington as analyzer
of Nazi broadcasts, and later cov-
ered the White House Interna-
tional Developments for OWI
overseas broadcast.
Both speeches are open to all
students. There will be a discus-
sion hour in the Journalism News
Room, Haven Hall at 4 p.m., at
which time Shinkman will answer
questions on his work.

bers of the University "M" Club
at 8 a.m. Feb. 9, with the "mu-
tual consent" of the J-Hop Com-
mittee, according to Nancy Hel-
mick, Daily business manager.
All funds collected from the
sale of the Dime Daily will be
turned over to the city's cam-
paign to supplement dimes collect-
ed through cannisters, theatre col-
lections and gifts.
Campaigners hope to better the
$18,342.72 total collected in the
1947 drive, although no specific
goal is ever set, according to Mrs.
Virginia Townsend, campaign
publicity chairman.
This year's plastic cans in sor-
orities, fraternities, dormitories
and all retail stores reveal hordes
of nickels, pennies, quarters, and
half dollars, besides the tradition-
al dimes. "Anything is welcome, it
all goes toward the infantile par-
alysis fight," officials commented.
"Fifty per cent of collections
remain in the Washtenaw area for
use in all polio cases," Robert
Lumbard, Chairman of the Ann
Arbor Drive, said. "The rest goes
to the National Foundation for
Infantile Paralysis. Much of this
is spent on research-with $319,-
825 going to the University dur-
ing 1946."
Gift contributions can be mailed
to: Russell Bradley, Ann Arbor
Trust Building, Ann Arbor. Checks
should be payable to The March
of Dimes.
Yerges, Mann,
Ford Go West
With visions of the Rose Bowl
victory still in the back of their
minds, Quarterback Howard Yer-
ges and ends Bob Mann and Len
Ford left for California again last
night to play in the all-star, East-
West football game next Sunday.
Several other Michigan players,
among them All-American Bob
Chappuis, received invitations to
play in the game. Chappuis de-
clined, however, saying that he did
not want to jeopardize his elig-
ibility for baseball here next
spring.
This is the last issue of The
Daily for the fall term of 1947-
48. Regular publication will be
resumed Tuesday, Feb. 10.

ations affecting tte national in-
terest."
"Radical alteration of the basic
structure would, I fear jeopardize
the prospect thai the measure
would successfully accomplish the
purpose for which it was de-
signed," Marshall told the Pitts-
burgh Chamber of Commerce.
He said in a prepared speech
that the recovery enterprise in-
volved the course of history "in
our time and for many years to
come" so that its present scrutiny
by Congress merited fullest pub-
licity to keep the nation informed.
"We are required," Marshall
said, "to make a decision as to
which is the wiser course: whether
to make a capital investment in
European recovery involving a'
sum that, though large, is well
within our means, with a good
prospect of realizing long-term
gain; or whether to spend our
abundant capital for the satisfac-
tion of our immediate wants, in
the hope that the day of reckoning
can be indefinitely deferred."
Meanwhile, the United States
government, as a part of the Eu-
ropeandRecovery Program, an-
nounced today it will limit the
shipment of non-essential goods to
European countries starting
March41.
No particular items have ben
embargoed, but commercial ship-
ments of all commodities to the
European area will require indi-
vidual licenses from the Com-
merce Department.
The sending of gift packages
will not be affected. It was ob-
vious, however, that commercial
shipments of hundreds of items,
such as passenger cars or rayon
stockings, may be held up or re-
duced in amount if commerce de-
partment experts, after consulta-
tions with European governments,
decide the shipments would not
fit into an orderly program of aid
to Europe.
Chaplin Filns
To Be Shown
Revenue Earmarked
For March of Dimes
Charlie Chaplin, the classic
comedian of the silent films, will
return to Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre next week-end in the second
annual "Charlie Chaplin Crmi-
val," sponsored by the Art Cinema
League for the benefit of the
March of Dimes.
Chaplin, noted for his roles as
the pathetic but always laughable
"common man," stars in the four
short comedies tuo be presented:
"The Tramp," with Jackie Coogan,
"The Bark," "A Woman," and
"Police."
The showing has a dual pur-
pose, "To provide the students
some respite from exams and to
help a worthy cause," according
to Phil Bedein, publicity agent for
the Art Cinema League.
Ladt, year's Chaplin Carnival
met wit hgreat success, drawing
overflow crowds of students and
"nostalgic old - timers," Bedein
said. There should be room for all
this year, he added, with four
showings being put on.
Shows will begin at 7:30 p.m.
Friday, Saturday, and Sunday-
January 23, 24, and 25-with a 3
p.m. matinee Sunday.
A shoiW film featuring Spanish
folk songs and popular dances will
also be shown in the ninety-min-
ute program.

Taft Repeats
Demand for
BudgetSlash
Asks Billion Dollar
Cut in Foreign Aid
PROVIDENCE, R.I., Jan 15-(A)
-Senator Taft (Rep., Ohio) de-
manded a $3,000,000,000 slash in
President Truman's budget to-
night-$1,000,000,000 of it in for-
eign aid.
He forecast, too, "That this
time taxes can be reduced even
over the veto of the President." He
made clear he meant the House
Ways and Means Committee's bill
for tax cuts up and down the line.
The Republican policy commit-
tee chairman in the Senate told
750 members of the Rhode Island
Republican Club that reductionWof
the President's $39,669,000,000
budget, submitted Mnday for the
fiscal year beginning next July 1,
is "vital."
"If we once turn up on expen-
ditures," he said in a departure
from his prepared text, "I believe
we may never .et back." He added
later that he thought thirty bil-
lion dollars about .right for a,
peacetime 'budget.
Proposing a one billion out in
the 1949 budget for European re-
lief, Taft declared:
"We should only spend money
on European aid where the bene-
fits to the peoples in Europe and
greater than the danger to the
U. S."
Renewing his opposition to Uni-
versal Military Training, raft pro-
posed instead a strengthening of
the Air Force, and said this would
leave the iefense budget spout at
its present level.
Charging that the President has
demanded "war spending" and
"war powers to regulate every de-
tail of American life," the chair-
man of the Senate's Republcan
Policy Committee urged a com-
plete recasting of the national de-
fense spending estimates to give
this country an air force second
to none.
ID's Needed
At Registration
Students who have not yet
picked up their identification
cards, must do so before Jan. 30,
or find themselves denied en-
trance to Waterman Gymnasium
for registration, according to a
statement from the Office of Stu-
lent Affairs.
Cards may be obtained at Rm.
2, University Hall.
Special permission receipts for
students who have lost their cards,
or registered too late to have iden-
tification pictures taken, should
be obtained before Jan. 30 from
Mrs. Cornelia Sowers, Rm. 2, Uni-
vrersity Hall. Students without
cards or permission receipts will
not be allowed to register for the
spring term.
anuscris
Are Due Today
All manuscripts being entered
in the annual freshman Hopwood
contest must be submitted no later

FROM RIFLES TO SLIDE-RULES:

Veterans Describe Task of College Readjustment

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