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September 30, 1947 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-09-30

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TESTING
PROGRAM

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FAIR ,
CONTINUED COOL

See Page 4

a.

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 7 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Truman Calls
For Action on
Aidto Europe
Will Call Special
Session if Needed
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Sept. 29-Pres-
ident Truman called on congres-
sional leaders today to start the
machinery for emergency aid to
Europe but said the question of a
special session of Congress re-
mains to be decided.
In an extraordinary news con-
ference, called on short notice af-
ter a meeting with Congress lead-
ers, Mr. Truman disclosed:
1. lie is asking the Senate and
House Committees on Appropria-
tions and Foreign Affairs to meet
as soon as possible "to consider
the urgent need for aid to West-
ern Europe."
Committees Must Agree
2. If the Committees agree
wholeheartedly on the need of a
special session, then there will be
no question about his calling one.
In any event, he stands where he
has stood: He will call one if he
is convinced it is needed.
3. Sums available now to help
Europe are enough to carry to
December on a starvation basis-
he couldn't be specific as to when
in December-and then the pipe-
line of aid would be empty.
4. He figures that $580,000,000
additional will be needed to carry
France, Italy and Austria through
until March 31, 1948, likewise, on
a starvation basis. He cannot pro-
vide any of this by executive ac-
tion, he said.
Low Countries Pay
5. England does not seem to
be in a serious situation at this
time as compared to the three
countries named. Belgium and the
Low Countries, Mr. Truman told
a questioner, have been able to
pay for their needs and appear to
be still able to do so.
It was learned that Senator
Vandenberg, (Rep., Mich.), chair-
man of the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee, plans to issue a
call to his committee tomorrow.
Chairman..Bridges.. (lSep.,. N.H..)
announced he would summon the
Senate Appropriations Committee
to meet in mid-November.
* *
Leaders old
Europe Needs
Aid Ur entl
WASHINGTON, Sept. 29 - (P)
--Congressional leaders were told
today that unless fuel and food
are provided for France, Italy
and some other nations in mid-
winter there would be no point to
even considering the long range
Marshall Plan, because some of
these key countries would have
collapsed by then.
One of the congressional lead-
ers who took part in the White
House conference described it as
a "grim session" with the law-
makers shooting one question
after another at President Tru-
man.i and his Cabinet members.
At one point the congressional
leader, who refused use of his
name, said that the President was
asked whether he could not scrape
up funds from previous appro-
priations to tide over until Con-
gress meets in January.

Mr. Truman is said to have re-
plied he had scraped the bottom
of the barrels and could not even
get up splinters.
The main theme was handled
by Mr. Truman with help of the
State Department officials.
They said there were two prob-
lems : (1) The long range prob-
lem embodied in the Marshall
Plan for rehabilitating 16 Euro-
pean nations, which Congress can
handle at the regular session in
January, and (2) the short range
plan for emergency aid during the
winter particularly for France and
Italy.
Buy Train Tickets
Now, NYC Advises
Students who wish to travel by
train to the Northwestern game
October 18 are requested to buy
their tickets now, the Office of
Student Affairs was informed yes-
-. - - t Jt~ WT... sY,*b fa +,d'.a1

Arabian Leader Rejects
UN Palestine Proposals
Husseini Asks Independent, Democratic
State; Attacks American, British Policies
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Sept. 29-Arabs of Palestine, through their
official agency declared today they would fight "with the last drop
of our blood" against any scheme for the "dissection, segregation or
partition" of the Holy Land.
Jamal Husseini, vice-chairman of the Arab higher committee and
nephew of the exiled Mufti of Jerusalem, rejected a proposal for
partition of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states and an alternate
plan for federalization.
Husseini insisted that "the future government of Palestine can-
nnot be imposed from without." He

19 Wal pole Ct.
Children Enter
WillowSchool.
Parents Ask Hearing
Before School Board
Nineteen of the 58 Negro Child-
ren who for three weeks have re-
fused to attend the Jim Crow Sim-
monds school at Willow Village
enrolled at the school yesterday
despite the decision of the maj-
ority of the group to stay out
pending further investigation and
action by the school board.
At a meeting held Sunday, the
Walpole Committee of parentsj
sent a letter to W. A. Kraus, chair-
man of the school board, stating
that it felt he had acted autocra-
tically in refusing to hear these
complaints.
Request Hearing
The parents also requested that
the board permit a hearing for
all persons interested in the Sim-
monds school case at the next
regular board meeting, to be held
October 13.
The Walpole committee acted
on the recommendation of Rev.
David A. Blake,. Jr. who informed
them in a letter that the matter
was under investigation.,
Mrs. T. Snyder, leader of the
Walpole Committee, said that a
representative will contact the
Detroit office of the National As-
sociation for the Advancement of
Colored People today, to discover
the progress of the investigation.
Resolution
The NAACP at a state-wide
meeting held in Flint Sunday
passed a resolution that all
branches of the organization
should take action on the Willow
Village issue.
Today Is Deadline
For Photo Dates
. Today is the last day seniors
can make appointments for sen-
ior pictures for the 1948 Michi-
ganensian, according to Buck
Dawson, 'Ensian Managing Edi-
tor.
"Seniors of the February, June
and August, 1948, classes of all
undergraduate schools and col-
leges of the University must have
appointments 'made today-or
never,"Dawson explained.
Booths will remain at the
Michigan League, Michigan Un-
ion, Architecture School, Engi-
neering Arch and at the corner of
State St. and N. University Ave.
from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. during the
last day, Dawson said.

called for an independent demo-
cratic Arab state.
Husseini spoke for one hour and
six minutes on Palestine. He at-
tacked the United States and
Britain for their roles in the Pal-
estine problem for the last 24
years.
Other major developments in
the Assembly were:
1. The United States and Brit-
ain struck back at Soviet bloc
charges in the political commit-
tee that the western powers were
trying to "enslave Greece." They
said they wanted only to help the
Greek people.
2. The Security Council argued
for hours over membership ap-
plioations from Italy and Ro-
mania.
'Soap Queries
A nswe red by
Local .arber
Missing Pictures Will
Be Displayed Soon
The soap queries of "Where's
Ford?" and "Where's Mann?"
were answered yesterday.
Dn Dascola, proprietor of the
Liberty Street barber shop whose
window display of football players'
portraits, omitting those of Bob
Mann, Leonard Ford and Gene
Derricotte, inspired the questions
soaped on the windows Sunday,
told The Daily yesterday that
pictures of the entire '47 football
team would appear within a few
days.
'Last Year's Team'
"The photographs were taken
three weeks ago and pictures of
all the players will be displayed,"
he emphasized.
The pictures on display now are
thoseof last year's team, he said,
explaining that the players whose
portraits were missing failed to
appear for photographs, although
appointments were made for them
last year.
The display, which provoked
charges last year that pictures of
Negro players were purposely left
out brought an answer from Das-
cola in a letter to The Daily in
which he said:
Regrettable'
'...The facts reveal that no one
who had any connection with the
football pictures had any such in-
tention (of discrimination), in
fact, it would be to the advantage
to display pictures of the entire
team.. .
"It was regrettable that time
and materials were not available
to have pictures taken of the
whole team. Having had only 27
pictures of players does not do
justice to the entire team."

Grain, Steer
Prices Soar
To New High
Inflation is Credited
To Harriman Report
By The Associated Press
Grain prices soared the limit on
all North American exchanges as
President Truman moved to de-
termine whether to call a special
session of Congress to deal with
European aid.
Other commodity gains, includ-
ing a new 1947 high for choice
steers in the Chicago market,
were recorded.
Inflationary Trend
It was the emphasis on the tight
world grain situation underlined
by the White House meeting and
a recommendation made during
the week end by the Harriman
Committee to Mr. Truman that
570,000,000 bushels of grain be
shipped abroad that resulted in
today's inflationary trend of grain
prices.
Wheat gained 10 cents on the
Chicago, Minneapolis and Kansas
City boards; corn rose 8 cents at
Chicago and Kansas City, and
oats advanced 6 cents at Chicago
and Minneapolis. In all cases, the
rise was the limit permitted dur-
ing a single day's trading at the
exchanges.
The gains came despite the fact
that exchanges in the three cities
adopted a sliding scale of in-
creased margins.
Margin Scale
A variable margin scale was an-
nounced at a special directors
meeting of the Chicago board of
trade prior to the market opening,
and the Kansas City and Minne-
apolis exchanges made similar
moves during the day.
Under the new plan, initial
minimum margins and mainten-
ance margins will be increased 5
cents a bushel if prices advance
10 cents.
Livestock Higher
Livestock ranged steady up to
75 cents higher in Chicago, with
hogs leading the trend at a top
for choice butcher grades of $28.75
a hundred pounds. A new 1947
top of $35.90 was reached for
strictly choice steers. Native spring
lambs were mostly $22.50, but one
load sold for $23.
A new upward surge of soap
prices was heralded by the an-
nouncements of two leading man-
ufacturers that they were increas-
ing the cost of their produbts 10
per cent. The manufacturers,
Proctor and Gamble and Lever
Brothers, announced also that
they had raised the price of vege-
table shortening 3 per cent.
The boosts, they said, were made
necessary by increased costs of in-
gredients.
In the New York commodity
markets, butter gained a quarter
of a cent a pound, with AA grade
selling at 78% cents. Eggs were
unchanged, but some grades of
cheese advanced as much as 2%
cents a pound.
Philippine Aid
Acknowledged
Michigan Students
Helped inRebuilding
The Office of Student Affairs
yesterday received a resolution
from students at the University of
the Philippines thanking Univer-

sity of Michigan students for their
aid in helping rebuild Philippine
educational facilities.
The resolution outlined the aid
the University of the Philippines
had received from University stu-
dents in the form of books and fi-
nances. And the communication
expressed . . . the deep gratitude
and sincere appreciation" of the
services of the Student Body of
the University of Michigan.
The resolution, which is hand
written on a large scroll of parch-
ment, will be framed and hung in
the Office of Student Affairs, ac-
cording to Dean Erich Walter.
The resolution came as a re-
sult of last Spring's fund-raising
campaign on the campus for the
purpose of erecting a memorial
library at the University of the
Philippines. The campus drive,
chairmaned by Phil Licht '49, in-
cluded a public subscription drive
and an all-campus variety show.
A year earlier the University of

JOS. Destroyer

v

Explosion Rips
Large Hole in
WarshipHull
Was En Route from
Venice to Trieste

Fox

ews Kill 10 In Palestine Blast
To Avenge Hamburg Incident;

Hits Mine
Police Buildino
Hit by Barrel
Of Explosives

ml

By The Associated Press
TRIESTE, Sept. 29. Three men
died today when the 2,200-ton
U. S. Destroyer Douglas H. Fox
striek a mine in the upper Adria-
tic Sea 18 miles off Trieste.
Twelve other men were injured,
four of them critically, by the
explosion which knocked out both
of the destroyer's propellers and
both rudders.
Naval headquarters here
said the Fox had about 200
men aboard when she struck
the mine while en route to
Trieste from Venice. The
explosion occurred in waters
which still contain war-laid
minefields.
Capt. R. N. McFarlane of
Graham, Texas, Commander of
the Second Squadron of which the
Fox is part, was aboard the Owen,
his flagship. He said the Fox had
a large hole aft below the water-
line and that her lower after
decks were awash.
Although the upper Adriatic
still contains mines laid during
the war, McFarlane said the ac-
cident occurred on a direct
route from Venice to Trieste
which had been used before and
which had been swept clear.
In Washington a U. S. Navy
officer explained that mine
sweeping in the Mediterranean
Area has been handled by the
International Sweeping and Rout-
ing Section of the British Ad-
miralty. Although a channel was
cleared long ago between Venice
and Trieste, this does not elimin-
ate the possibility of an old mine
drifting into the course of a ship,
he said.
Cuba Arrests
360 Plotters
HAVANA, Sept. 29 - (/P) - Col.
Oscar Diaz, the Cuban army's
chief investigator, said today that
the army and navy has detained
360 men as alleged plotters
against the Dominican Republic
and Cuba and has seized 11 bomb-
ing planes and several ships as-
sembled at Guinchos Cay.
Diaz told newsmen at Camp Co-
lumbia, army headquarters here,
that the men surrend'ered yester-
day on the Cay, 50 miles off the
north Cuban coast and 300 miles
east of Havana, and were brought
to the camp last night. He said
he gave the supreme tribunal doc-
uments in the case today.
The documents, Diaz said,
showed that the men alleged-
ly first planned to invade the
Dominican Republic, southeast of
Cuba, and, failing in that, hatched
a conspiracy against the Cuban
army and navy.
Some of those detained told in-
terviewers the expedition was
composed of about 1,500 men
armed with automatic rifles, two
tons of dynamite, hand grenades,
about 14 bazookas and several 37-
millimeter cannons. They said
they had spent over two months
on the Cay.

OLDEST DAILY STAFF-Members of the original U. of M. Daily
1890 staff gaze with puzzled looks at their four-column paper
which, without women or fraternity men, they must present to
their 100 or so readers some time the next day. They finally
filled the paper with personal faculty notes, advertising and sports
commentary.
* * * * -
'HERE TO STAY':
Michigan Daily Celebrates 57
Years of Continuous Operation

By HARRIET FRIEDMAN
Fifty-eight years ago, nine men
struggled through the night to
produced a paper to appear
"sometime the next day." It was
called the U. of M. Daily, and
dated Monday, Sept. 29, 1890.
Its editors, stated in the first is-
sue "The Daily is here to stay,"
and the prophecy has been con-
firmed. For since that date,
through changes in name, style,
staff and owenrship, The Daily
has never missed an appearance
on a publication day.
Served as Trailblazer
Throughout its history, The
Daily has served as a trailblazer
for other colleges and even met-
'U' Orientation
Period To Be
Supplemented
A week of school has passed
since Orientation Week ended, but
freshman and transfer students
who don't feel quite oriented yet
will be glad to learn that the Uni-
versity is going to even greater
lengths to make sure new students
don't miss anything.
This term, orientation officially
ends November 6. It is the first
time that an orientation program
has been actually extended into
the school term.
Provost Adams To Speak
The extended orientation pro-
gram will open Thursday evening
at Hill Auditorium with a talk
by Provost James P. Adams. In
his address entitled "The High
Adventure", Provost Adams will
outline the opportunities this
campus offers to the student, op-
portunities often overlooked by
University students for several
years of their stay here.
Three other meetings are plann-
ed as part of the extended orien-
tation program. Dean Ralph A.
Sawyer of the graduate school will
present his illustrated lecture
"Bikini - Crossroads!" October
16.

ropolitan newspapers. It was one
of six papers from all parts of the,
world represented at the 1900
Olympics game in Berlin.
The Daily was the first college
paper to introduce a regular Sun-
day supplement. Published from
March, 1920 until March, 1927.
the Sunday magazine was later
replaced by literary and rotogra-
cure suppelements.
Another first mark by The
Daily, was the Summer Daily,
which appeared in 1922 as the first
daily paper to be published by any
college during the summer.
The Daily organized an eight-
page rotogravure Sunday supple-
ment in 1928. Colleges from all
over the country submitted typical
college scenes for the section.
Alnother innovatio~n wais "The
Weekly, published in 1927, which
collected news items and informa-
tion about University students to
be sent to family and friends.
Fraternity Men Excluded
Originally created to give the
independent men an campus a
voice, the U. of M. Daily did not
allow fraternity men on the staff
until 1895.
In 1901 The Daily merged with
a prosperous newcomer, the Var-
sity News, and became the Michi-
gan Daily-News. Soon after it was,
renamed The Michigan Daily. Un-
til 1903, it had been owned and
operated independently of the Un-
iversity, but at the time The Daily
assumed its present name, it was
placed under the supervision of
See DAILY, Page 6
Waldrop Says Vets
Leave Pay Is Due
Student veterans who made ap-
plication for leave pay at the end
of the Summer Session and did
not receive it Sept. 1 will_.prob-
ably secure it around Oct. 1, Rob-
ert S. Waldrop, director of the
Veterans Service Bureau, an-
nounced yesterday.
If veterans concerned do not re-
ceive leave pay by Oct. 1, they
should report to the Contact Of-
fice of the Veterans Administra-
tion in Rm. 100A at the Rack-
ham Building, he said.

77 Injured in Attack;
Britons,_Arabs Killed
By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM, Sept. 29-A bar-
rel of explosives ingeniously rolled
over a large wire barrier hit a dis-
trict police headquarters in Haifa
today, killing 10 persons and in-
uring 77. The Jewish under-
ground said it launched the at-
tack to avenge the deportation of
the "Exodus 1947" Jews to Ham-
burg, Germany.
The dead were Britons and
Arabs, including a 16-year-old
Arab girl. Fourteen of the injured
were Jewish civilians.
British forces reacted immedi-
ately. Troops of the Sixth Air-
borne Division rushed into Haifa
with bren gun carriers, armored
cars and tanks.
Subsequently police said they
had arrested four suspects in the
H1adar Hacarmel Jewish quarter
half-way uphistoric Mount Car-
mel which overlooks the port.
Authorities also found an aban-
doned truck. It contained a "Y"
;haped steel device which offi-
cials said might have been used to
launch the barrel.
While the search for suspects
was being pressed, Irgun Zvai
Leumi, Jewish underground or-
ganization, issued a pronounce-
ment saying: "We have paid
back for the shame of Ham-
burg and the shame of expul-
sion from the fatherland and
for the bloodshed of our broth-
ers."
The barrel of explosives,Irgun
said, equalled the deadly force of
a 2,000-pound bomb.
The blast occurred at 6 a.m.-
four days after Britain announced
a decision to surender her old
League of Nations mandate over
Palestine. Windows within a ra-
dius of a quarter of a mile were
shattered.
Four British and four Arab p-
licemen were killed. Forty-three
British policemen were injured, 13
of them seriously. Twenty Arab
and 14 Jewish civilians also were
hurt. Many of the civilians were
passengers of an intercity~ bus
which was passing the headquar-
ters as the blast occurred.
The attack .came as Igaifa
Jews began celebration of the
eight-day feast of the Taberna-
cles (Succoth), commemorat-
ing the ancient trek of the Jews
from Egypt and recalling their
eating of manna from heaven.
In July the British intercepted
4,400 Jews without immigration
certificates off the Palestine
coast. These Jews were removed
from their ship, the Exodus 1947,
and eventually were deported to
Hamburg. Last Saturday the
British intercepted another group
of Jews aboard the Afalpi and de-
ported then to Cyprus.
Irgun labelled today's bomb-
ing "Operation Hambaf"-ap-
parently a contraction of the
words Hamburg and' Afalpi.
Fourteen hours after the ex-
plosion in Haifa a blast near one
of the British security zones in
Jerusalem caused a 25-minute
general alarm in the Holy City.
IFC Extends
Registration
R e g i s tration for fraternity
rushing, which closed last Thurs-
day after a record 853 had signed
up, will be resumed briefly from
3 to 5 p.m. today in the Union,
Inter-Fraternity Council Presi-
Henry Mayer announced yester-
day.

The move, Mayer said, is nec-

World News at a Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Sept, 29-The United States has protested to
Moscow that a Soviet writer libeled and insulted President Truman
by comparing him to Hitler, and Moscow has rejected the protest.
The text of notes exchanged between U. S. Ambassador Walter
Bedell Smith and Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov showed that
Molotov rejected any responsibility for the offending article.

*

*

*

LAKE SUCCESS, Sept. 29-Still holding the threat of a veto
over Italy's head, Russia's Andrei A. Gromyko failed today in
another effort to force the United States to support three Soviet
satellities for admission to the United Nations.

NEW NEST FOR ENGINEERS:
Luxurious Quarters Delight Faculty

*

.*

.*

WASHINGTON, Sept. 29-Former President Herbert Hoover,
now 73, accepted as his "last public service" today the post of chair-
man of a 12-man commission designed to simplify and promote
economy in the federal government.

By FRANK KANE
"The indirect lighting system
lacks a few reflectors and the
painters are still painting and the
carpenters still working on the
staircases, but we're pretty well

Building that will house their
classes.
Although construction was not
begun until the spring of 1946
and material shortages have con-
tinually slowed work, progress has

done a magnificent job in coordi-
nating our needs with the work
schedule," Prof. Lovell declared.
Switchboards and lighting fix-
tures for the laboratories will be
installed as quickly as possible
and1 all hevv manhinerv will be

*

*

*

LANSING, Sept. 29-The Michigan Legislature, in a 31/3-
m . -a m - :- Avfl v m - am mil f v owo a . V- -.

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