L PAGt FOUR
THE, MICHIGAN fDAILY
WEDNESAY. DETIMERl7; 197
Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
versity of Michigan under the authority of the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
John Campbell ...................Managing Editor
Sancy Heimick ...................General Manager
:l17de Recht........................City Editor
Jeanne Swendeman.........Advertising Manager
Idwin Schneider.................Finance Manager
Lida Dailes,......................Associate Editor
Eunice Mintz.................Associate Editor
Dick Kraus ....................... Sports Editor
Bob Lent ..................Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson..................Women's Editor
Betty Steward ..........Associate Women's Editor
Joan de Carvajal ..................Library Director
Melvin Tick ..................Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for re-publication of all news dispatches
credited to it or otherwise credited in this news-
paper. All rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Mich-
agan, as second class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by
carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Member, Assoc. Collegiate Press, 1947-48
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members 'of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: FRED SCHOTT
MATTER OF FACT:
By JOSEPH ALSOP
IONDON, Dec. 14-The empty and embit-
tered Council of Foreign Ministers has
produced at least one fortunate by-product
--an opportunity for Secretary Marshall and
Foreign Minister Bevin to get to know one
another a little better. Until now, the Anglo-
American postwar relationship has suffered
from a silly inner contradiction. Those ex-
tremely practical and unsentimental men,
the military staffs of the two nations, have
long ago established the closest strategic
partnership between America and Britain.
But there has been no such intimate collab-
oration in the political and economic fields.
In fact, the last year has been marked by
petty but mounting irritation, and baseless
but increasing suspicion between the mak-
ers of American and British policy. Men
who make policy are, fortunately or unfor-
tunately, only too human. And when men
deal with each other at a distance, irritation
and suspicion always arise.
A good example of the kind of thing
that has made needless trouble, is former
Under Secretary of State Will Clayton's
visit to London last spring. He came after
the announcement of the Marshall Plan,
but before the Paris conference of sixteen
nations. Naturally, he received a warm
welcome. Naturally, also, he found the
British anxious to explain the peculiar-
ities of their position, as a nation which
is at once part of Europe, the banking
house of the sterling area, and the polit-
ical and economic center of a huge non-
European commonwealth. If these diffi-
culties had been understood by the Amer-
icans in Paris, most of the friction with
the British at the Paris conference could
have been eliminated.
This kind of misunderstanding arises di-
rectly, of course, from the breakdown of the
habit of constant mutual consultation, inau-
gurated by Winston Churchill and Franklin
Roosevelt long before Pearl Harbor. And this
has had infinitely worse results than the
many little episodes, on both sides, like the
one described above.
Some times serious consequences have
been avoided by sheer good fortune. The
British had no advance knowledge of
Secretary Marshall's Harvard speech, for
example, so that Bevin's quick and in-
tensely valuable response to the announce-
ment of the Marshall Plan was a remark-
able technical feat of diplomacy. Again,
the British were unwarned of Marshall's
so-called "ittle assembly" plan for the
United Nations. The British delegate to
Lake Success, Hector McNeil, had to tele-
graph frantically to London for instruc-
tions. Bevin and his staff had to consider
the problem through the night, and, in
very bad tempers, send a telegram in the
dawn. Under the circumstances, it is ex-
tremely surprising that the telegram in-
structed McNeil to maintain the Anglo-
Nor has misfortune always been avoided'
in this agile manner. The Middle East is
quite as important to this country as to
Britain. Yet the American delegate at Lake
Success, Herschel Johnson, recently did
much to undermine the British position in
'the Sudan-which is vital to their position
...His Right To Say It'
Letters to the Editor ...
IT WAS A FRIGHTENING thing-all mobs
are frightening. Down South they go af-
ter Negroes. Here the collegiate intellectual
goes after Communists.
Mobs are ruled by emotion which sweeps
everything in its path. This one caught
up students, top University authorities, the
city officials of Ann Arbor, and even the
It's ironic that one of the mob ring-
leaders was a former president of the
Interfraternity Council here. Just two
weeks ago, at a national convention in
New York, representatives from frater-
nities all over the country allied them-
selves on the side of reaction by going
on record as approving continued racial
discrimination in selecting fraternity
The city officials did their part in con-
tributing to the hysteria. Common Council
went on record as giving the mayor full
control over who is to use the public parks.
How does this fit in with our Bill of Rights
guaranteeing fredom of speech and assem-
Even the police refused to come and break
up a portion of the mob which had broken
into a private home. They lent approval to
the mob action when they refused to come
to the scene after being called four times.
Another ironic noate enters when view-
ing the makeup of the mob itself. A good
portion of the men wore articles of G.I.
clothing, apparel which recently appeared
on all parts of the globe where men fought
the same kind of totalitarian tactics that
the mob indulged in.
The blame for this shocking incident
cannot be pinned on any particular person
or group. It's part of a current nation-wide
wave sweeping the country. However, the,
immediate blame lies directly with Univer-
It was top administrative leaders who first
refused the use of campus facilities where
an orderly meeting could have been held.
The mayor and city officials took their cue
from the University and passed the word
along to the police.
To prevent further incidents of this
type University authorities must speak out
against it. University speaking facilities
must be thrown open to all. If 2,500 stu-
dents will venture into a snow-swept pub-
lic park to jeer a speaker they will also
come to a meeting in Hill Auditorium.
However, in the lighted building mobs
have a way of calming down, enabling
reason to govern their action.
Let's have intelligent action-not mob
rule-at the University of Michigan.
AMIDST THE VIOLENT discussions on the
dangers of Communism these days,
there is a minority which protests that the
United States isafar more vulnerable to the
philosophy of Fascism than from any other
modern isms. The student exhibition Mon-
day night is an all-too ugly example of what
Some of the Detroit newspapers as well as
a few students see the incident as the spirit
of "red-blooded" Americans expressing their
"fun-loving" tendencies. The fact that stu-
dents picked Gerhart Eisler to poke their
All-American fun at, and that our fun-
loving brothers and sisters on campus or-
ganized their snowball fight in advance of
Eisler's speech surrounds the atmosphere
with a sinister black-shirt tinge.
It wouldn't be too difficult to imagine
what sort of incident this might have
turned out to be had guns, ropes and
a Gerald L. K. Smith rabble rouser been
substituted for the snowballs.
There are those who would protest that
"clean-cut" Americans are not capable of
such action. Sociologists and psychologists
could tell them what happens to the ra-
tionality of intelligent human beings in mob
situations; historians would point out that
the world thought that the fair-haired Ger-
man kids sent to "invigorating" youth
camps were thought to be clean cut too.
It's a sickening feeling to walk around
campus, greeting the people one thought
were aware of the inherent dignity of man,
and wonder, "Was he there Monday night?"
American government. But one fact should
now be obvious to every one. By pursuing our
Palestine objectives alone; by rejecting all
responsibility in Palestine; by thus pre-
venting any agreement with the British, we
have created an appallingly dangerous situa-
tion. If we had offered to share the re-
sponsibility with them, we might have
brought the British round, in most cases,
to acceptance of our views. As it is, we are
now quite likely to be forced, later on, into
the riskiest kind of Middle Eastern inter'
vention in order to keep the Russians out.
This sort of dealing at arms' length
with the British is as unrealistic as it is
dangerous. Whether we like it or not,
the British are emphatically no just one
among many European nations. They are
the other great. nPower of the znon-Soviet
MONDAY NIGHT the students of this
University 2,500 strong demonstrated
that their "education" has been a farce.
They demonstrated that when they don't
like someone, they are capable of reverting
to mob tactics. They thought Gerhart Eisler
was going to speak at Felch Park. So they
went down to receive him, carrying snow-
balls and sticks and ice picks as calling
cards. They stopped cars in the street, hunt-s
ing for Eisler. Their attitude was "get ready
for the kill."
When the word got around that Eisler
would not appear at the park, about 150
students collected at 530 Hill Street, where
Eisler was holding a press conference.
There they continued the snowball bar-
rage, broke into the basement and cut off
the electricity, and broke into the down-
stairs of the house shouting "Where's
Eisler?" "Where's the foreigner?" and
"Why don't you go back to Russia?" (Eis-
ler is from Germany.)
Eisler finally spoke, but not until part of
the mob had dispersed and the remnants
had promised him peace. Even when he
spoke, snowballs and eggs were thrown and
questions with ugly phrases and connota-
tions were shouted by the hecklers.
The tactics of the students who turned
out to "hear" Eisler are dangerous. They are
in the precedent of those used in Southern
lynch mobs, the Ku Klux Klan, the Italian
Fascists before they took over, and the Nazis
before they got control of Germany.
These students, the majority of whom
probably never heard of Eisler before,
were out on a "let's rough these guys up
a bit" party. Their attitude reflects that
they have been duped by the trend of
the times, the scare trend that has per-
meated the countriy since the war ended.
It's the kind of trend that leads to
These students gave the trend a big
boost Monday night.
Monday was the 156th anniversary of the
ratification of the Bill of Rights.
A MAN OF DOUBTFUL INTENT, brought
to Ann Arbor by an overly self-con-
scious organization, has led the University
administration and a relatively small por-
tion of the student body to one of the most
intolerant, misinformed and unlawful dem-
onstrations ever to hit an American cam-
As our shame spreads from the campus
and becomes fodder for national small-ta',
nothing remains locally save varying degrees
of ignorance of what has happened. The
fear, intolerance and hysteria which led
to Monday night's demonstration are still
with us, and the University of Michigan is
faced with continuing disgrace in ever-
The only alternative is a thorough-go-
ing revision of the policy which brought
on this week's trouble-the policy of the
Considering the most recent blow of the
administrative axe, few on campus can know
whether the ideas of Gerhart Eisler are in
themselves worth the hearing. Still, re-
gardless of their truth or falsity, they are
representative of opinions which must be
accepted or rejected in the search for
Twenty-two members of the Yale School
of Law recently signed a document which
makes it very clear why the suppression
of men like Gerhart Eisler is contrary to
fundamental American precepts:
"This nation," the document reads in part,
" . ..needs to be reminded that our gov-
ernment is one fashioned for courageous
men, who prefer the conceded hazards of
living in liberty to the indignities of the
"Our government must take all rational
precautions against acts which threaten or
seem to threaten our national security and
"Precautions cease to be rational, how-
ever, when they defeat the very ends they
are destined to secure.
"It can make little difference to the
citizen who loses his liberties and dignities
as a human being whether his loss comes
from an enemy or from a native oppressor
who subverts democratic government in the
guise of protecting it.
"It is not now apparent why the Amer-
ican people should be so wanting in cour-
age or so skeptical of our foundations as to
fall victim to the fears of frightened men
either inside or outside the government."
Regardless of what Eisler intended to say
-unless it constituted a "clear and present
danger" to the government of the United
States-he had the right to speak before
a University audience, able to accept and
reject what it heard.
"I say, Elizabeth-I thought all those American gossip col-
umnists had gone home."
DAILY OFlFICIAL BULL"ETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
gineering; thesis: "The Design,
Construction, and Operation of
a High Temperature, High Pres-
sure Plant," Thurs., Dec. 18, 3201
E. Engineering Bldg., 3 p.m.
Chairman, G. G. Brown.
Business Administration: Clas-
sification for all students who ex-
pect to be enrolled in the School
of Business Administration during
the Spring Semester will take
place during the week of January
5-10. See bulletin board in Tap-
pan Hall for instructions.
Biological Chemistry: Seminar
will be held on Fri., Dec. 19, 3:30
p.m., 319 W. Medical Bldg. Sub-
ject: "The Essential Amino
Acids." All interested are invited.
Recital Cancelled: The recital
by Madrigal Singers, originally
scheduled for 8:30 Thursday eve-
ning, Dec. 18, Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, has been postponed. The
new date will be announced later.
"Natural History Studies at the
Edwin S. George Reserve, Uni-
versity of Michigan," Museums
Bldg. Rotunda. Through Decem-
Alpha Kappa Psi, Professional
Business Fraternity, will hold a
pledge meeting at the chapter
house at 8:30 p.m.
Campus Chapter: Meetings at
Michigan Union, Executive Com-
mittee, 6:15 p.m., Membership
Committee, 7:30 p.m. Features:
Universal military training, ie-
freshments, post-meeting look at
proposed clubhouse site.
Armenian Students' Association
will not have its annual Christmas
Party Wednesday, Dec 17.
A.Ph.A. Student Branch meet-
ing, Wed., Dec. 17, Rm. 300,
Chemistry Bldg. Dr. J. J. Hanlon,
of the School of Public Health,
guest speaker. All old members'
dues for the coming year are pay-
able at this meeting.
Chemistry Colloquium: 4 :15
p.m., Wed., Dec. 17, Rm. 303
Chemistry Bldg. Dr. Richard B.'
Hahn of Wayne University will
discuss his work on Zirconium
Delta Sigma Pi, professional
Business Administration frater-
nity: business meeting, Rm. 305,
meeting, 7:30 p.m., 1042 E. Engi-
neering Bldg. Members are re-
quested to have their accounts
paid up before the holidays.
International Center weekly tea:
4:30-5:30 p.m. Hostesses: Mrs.
John Sundwall and Mrs. Livia
La Sociedad Hispanica presents
"La Barraca," the Spanish film
based on Blasco Ibanez' master-
piece, 8:30 p.m., Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre. The public is in-
vited. Members pay tax only.
Michigan Dames Music Group
meets at the home of Mrs. Paul
Cairns, 520 E. William, at 8 p.m.
Mrs. Beau Brown will discuss
"Originations of Christmas Car-
ols." Mrs. Bernard Manning and
Mrs. Jonas Kristinsson, assistant
Michigan Union Opera: There
will be a meeting of all students
interested in working on the script
for the Opera in Rm. 316, Michi-
gan Union, 4:30 p.m.
2:30-2:45 p.m., WKAR (870
Kc.) Be a Friend to Your Library
2:45-2:55 p.m., WKAR (870
Kc.) Virginia Denyer, Organist
4:00-4:15 p.m., WPAG (1050
Kc.) Abstract Art and Industrial
Design-Dr. Carl D. Sheppard.
Research Club: 8 p.m., Rack-
Amphitheatre. Papers: Prof. H. B.
Lewis, "Natural Toxicants in Nu-
trition-A Study of Lathyrism."
Prof. A. W. Bromage, "Major Is-
sues of Constitutional Revision in
Vest Quad Radio Club -
W8ZiQ: Meeting of the club at
7:30 p.m. in the radio room of the
Williams House Tower.
Roger Williams Guild: Weekly
"chat" at the Guild House, 4:30
to 6:00 p.m. The Christmas tree
will be trimmed.
Alpha Phi Omega: Meeting on
Thurs.. Dec. 18, 7:30 p.m., Michi-
School of Business Adminis-
tration, Student - Faculty Coffee
Hour, sponsired by Delta Sigma
Pi, professional Business Admin-
istration fraternity. 3-5 p.m.
Thurs., Dec. 18, Michigan League
Ballroom. All business adminis-
tration students are invited.
Lutheran Student Association:
Caroling Party Thursday evening.
Meet at the Student Center, 1304
Hill St., at 7:15 p.m.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which is signed, 300 words
or less in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views
expressed in letters are those of the
writers only, Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
Mlore on MYI)A
To the Editor,
ISN'T IT QUEER how assiduous-
ly people go to work to discred-
t their own cause and give am-
nunition to their enemies? Every-
one but the Communists is aware
-f the immeasurable damage to
he Communist cause which Rus-
ian aggression in eastern Europe
-nd obstruction in the United Na-
ions brought about. Give the
"Reds" rope enough and they
But what do we find anti-Com-
munists doing? They start witch-
hunts in Congress and the state
legislatures and thus enable the
Communists to pose as martyrs.
They clamor for film and radio
censorship and thus turn into ri-
dicule their own denunciations of
Russia's press censorship. They
oppose aid to Europe and thus
play Stalin's game for him in
France and Italy. To turn to the
local situation. they forbid a Com-
munist a place to speak in Ann
and Arbor and thus give him gra-
tis more advertisement than if
he had held a meeting on the
campus. Thus they deftly take
the rope from the neck of the
Communist and twist it around
their own necks!
Prohibitions and repressions
make splendid walls to give echo
and resonance to agitation. In
the name of common sense, let's
tear down these walls at Michi-
To the Editor:
WE ARE AMONG many stu-
dents who will be proud to be
counted among future alumni of
Michigan. As such, we will be
proud further to send our children
However, the action of Presi-
dent Ruthven last Saturday in
banning speaker Gerhart Eler
under "Myda's or any other aus-
pices" was very disheartening to
us. The man who, on other oc-
casions, wrote words to the effect
that a university was an intellec-
tual arena for the careful study
of all points of view on all sub-
ject matter has thus spoken out
with an extremely narrow point
During the red hysteria of the
1920's, many American educators
ill-advisedly followed the lead of
attorney general Palmer. These
same educators lost much of their
professional integrity and respect
in the saner years that followed.
Honest Americans repudiated men
like Palmer when they were once
more permitted to judge and eval-
uate issues calmly.
If the University of Michigan
persists in its homage to the Un-
American Committee, it totters on
the same brink of intellectual con-
formity which Hitler forced the
great German universities to
adopt. If the tenets of academic
freedom still apply, the University
of Michigan has nothing to fear
from the words of one man.
-Mr. and Mrs. M. Gladstone
-Mrs. Marion Gordon
-Mr. and Mrs. John King
-Mr. and Mrs. R. Woodward
To the Editor:
A FREEDOM. OF SPEECH,
freedom of expression, and
freedom of thought become un-
fashionable in this year of 1947
at the campus of the University
We the undersigned, who are
not members of the Communist
Party protest the University ad-
ministration's enfringement on
our basic rights. We sincerely
hope that the University may
again become a place for free and
unrestricted exchange of thought.
-Curtis L. Mann
-James B. Rukin
-J. A. Gross
--M. L. Spivack
To lhe Editor:
FIRST OF ALL, I suppose I
should make the customary
disavowal of being a Communist.
Believe me, I am not a Commun-
ist. What Walter Winchell says
about Russia scares me too, but
it doesn't scare me enough to
join a herd of cattle in an attempt
to keep a man from speaking hi,
I know very little about Ger-
hart Eisler, but from the papers
I gather he is a foreign-born
Communist. Last night a mob of
.'excitement hunting" students, led
by a few characters who prob-
ably know as little about Eisler
as I do, tried to prevent him from
speaking to a group of students
who wanted to hear "his side of
Brandishing sticks and snow-
balls, the pack shouted, "Where's
the foreigner?" Obviously our
2ampus has more than its share
.f "Aryans." I wiite this letter
not because I hate Communism
less than these people do, but be-
cause I love Freedom more. Yes-
terday they stopped Eisler from
saying what he thought, tomor-
row they may stop me . . . or
To the Editor:
WHEN the MYDA ban was im-
posed, The Michigan Daily
went all out editorially to oppose
President Ruthven's action. The
Michigan Daily received consid-
erable support in the Letters to
the Editor column for denouncing
President Ruthven's action. It
now appears conclusive that Pres-
ident Ruthven was entirely justi-
fied, since MYDA has truly shown
its hand by sponsoring Gerhart
Eisler to appear before the stu-
dent body. Eisler's record is des-
picable and his appearance any-
where should be recognized as
dangerous since he is a trained
propagandist. It is my belief that
the overwhelmingly one-sided edi-
torials and letters about the
MYDA case were expressed by a
very small but militant minority
of students and that most stu-
dents were glad to be rid of MYDA.
But we are in fact not rid of
MYDA and perhaps it is time
that something should be done
about that. If Shaffer is an avow-
ed Communist, then he should
not be allowed the privilege of at-
tending a state-endowed univer-
sity. It would not be undemocrat-
ic to eject him as undesirable by
a majority vote of the Board of
Perhaps, thn, the University
would not be bothered with delib-
erately conjured legal suits and
the type of publicity that this
whole things drags along with it.
Michigan is a fine school and al-
most all of its students are pro d
of it. The MYDA type of publi-
city is degrading to it and if for
none other than that reason,
MYDA should be eliminated in
-SampsonP. Holland, Jr.
To the Editor:
r1W POINTS were confirmed
by the raid on Felch Park and
the subsequent mad chase through
the city Monday night.
The first is that University of-
ficials were correct in refusing to
allow Eisler to speak on campus.
The second was that MYDA was
wrong in bringing him here to
University officials assumed
that their charges have an intel-
ligence level somewhat below that
of a bright eighth-grader; actions
of some 2,000 students Monday
confirmed this supposition.
MYDA headed their publicity
campaign with the question "Can
You Thinl4 for Yourself?" Quite
obviously the answer to this ques-
tion is "no."
More than a thousand of the
students made their raid on the
park, led by a squad of high-
school pupils, with the express
purpose of breaking up the meet-
Armed with sticks and snow-
balls, they were ready to discour-
age any attempt to force them to
think for themselves.
At the same time, they proved
the administration opinion that
few University students are more
intelligent than the prevailing
To the Editor:
EPORTS of Monday night's
winter carnival leave a man
feeling quite lost in this morass of
Shifting values. Gone are the
faiths and beliefs of yesterday.
Then, a man might safely assume
the one principle to which our
buddies the razzle-dazzle boys
would cling, come hell or Henry,
would be that of the invincibility
of private property. Abstractions:
free speech, unmolested assembly,
the right to non-conformity -
might count for little, but prop-
erty rights would be defended to
the last drop in Pop's liquor closet.
That's the way it goes; I imagine
Mr. Shaffer is considerably disil-
Let me assure Mr. Matthaei, Jr.
and his drooling cohorts that if
it had been 716 South Forest to
which they had slithered "On-
ward!", if it had been my fuse
box they had ripped out, they
would most certainly have been
painfully gut-shot with a permit-
covered P-38. It would have been
a bit messy, but surely the boys,
in a sane moment, would have
been grateful for the reminder
Michigan Union, 7:30 p.m. PledgesI
meet 7 p.m. same room. Sigma Gamma Epsilon: Meet-
ing Thursday noon in Room 3056
Deutscher Verein: 7 p.m., Gar- N. S. Mr. Daniel Bradley will
den Room, Michigan League. A speak on "The Geology of South-
short Christmas program will be ern Newfoundland."
followed by carrolling on campus.
Young Progressive Citizens of
English Journal Club: Meeting, Michigan: "YPCM Sings" will be
8:15 p.m., East Lounge, 3rd floor, presented 7:30 p.m., Thurs., Dec.
Rackham Bldg. Mr. A. M. East- 18, Michigan Union. Folk music,
man will discuss "The Intentional intermission skit, refreshments.
Fallacy." Tickets on sale at Co-ops, at meet-
ing, or from Al Millstein, Mim
U. of M. Flying Club: Open Levy, and Sheldon Siegel.
BARNABY ... . . ,
See? ... The house is nice and emp
Aten-SHUN! Forward-MARCH! ;T
B t!always say, modestly,