THE MICHIG'AN DAILY
WTSHAY; HLC,' Rf t l
Cold Weather Crisis
Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
versity of Michigan under the authority of the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
John Campbell...................Managing Editor
Nancy Helmick ...................General Manager
Cltd9 Rcht.......................City Editor
Jeanne Swendeman ........Advertising Manager
Edwin Schneider ................Finance Manager
Lida Dailes..................Associate Editor
lxxice Mintz ...................Associate Editor
Dick1xai rx............. ........Sports Editor
Bob Lent..............Associate Sports Editor
JyC Johnson ....................Women's Editor
Betty Steward ..........Associate Women's Editor
Joan de Carvajal...............Library Director
Melvin Tick ..................Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for re-publication of all news dispatches
aredited to it or otherwise credited in this news-
paper. All rights of re-publication of al other
matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Mich-
lgan, as second class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular idhool year by
parrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Member, Assoc. Collegiate Press, 1947-48
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JOAN KATZ
If Shoe Fits...
NE OF THE BEST essays ever on the
subject of personal freedoms, written in
1859 by English philosopher John Stuart
Mill, makes a profound impression even
Many schoolboys know the following ex-
gerpt'from "On Liberty:"
...we have now recognized the neces-
aity to the mental well-being of mankind (on
Which all their other well-being depends)
of freedom of opinion, and freedom of the
expression of opinion, on four distinct
"First, if any opinion is compelled to
silence, that opinion may, for aught we
know, be true. To deny this is to assume
our own infallibility.
"econdly, thpugh the silenced opinion be
an error, it n.ay, and very commonly does,
contain a portion of truth; and since the
general or prevailing opinion on any sub
ject is rarely or never the whole truth, it is
only by the collision of adverse opinions
that the remainder of the truth has any
chance of being supplied.
"Thirdly, even if the received opinion be
not only true, but the whole truth; unless
it is suffered to be, and actually is, vigor-
ously and earnestly contested, it will, by
niost of those who receive it, be held in the
ulanner of a prejudice, with little compre-
hension or feeling of its rational grounds.
"And not only this, but, fourthly, th
meaning of the doctrine itself will be in
danger of being lost, or enfeebled, and de-
prived of its vital effect on the character
and conduct: the dogma becoming a mere
formal profession, inefficacious for good, but
cumbering the ground, and preventing the
growth of any real and heartfelt conviction,
from reason or personal experience. . .."
HARRY TRUMAN hasn't said a thing
about his friend Pauley's commodities
speculations, and a good many people think
he ought to. Nonsense.
Several months ago, Truman condemned
commodities speculation as gambling. That
covered the subject pretty well; why should
he say anything further? If Ed Pauley has
been speculating, then by the President's
definition, he is, ipso facto, a gambler.
Truman has never repudiated the Pen-
dergast connection, and he probably won't
repudiate Pauley, although he may ease
Pauley out of the Administration.
Let's face it. A politician has no more
business publicly admitting that he's been
wrong than a football coach has. Senator
Vandenberg, when he changed from isola-
tionist to internationalist, didn't say he'd
been wrong all along; he'd merely broadened
his viewpoint in the lights of changing con-
It's courageous for anybody else to admit.
he's been wrong, but for a politician, it's
foolish, and it just isn't done. When a poli-
tician says, "I'm sorry, folks, but I missed
on that one," the voting public just na-
11,ralla t kpe if ac .sim nfnrLP.h1(-
By IRVING JAFFE
W ASHINGTON - As the weather gets
colder and colder, it's getting hotter and
hotter in Washington for a group of north-
ern senators-particularly those from the
New England states.
Every new drop in the mercury brings
fresh pleas from their constituents to please
do something right away to ward off a fuel
shortage which threatened to assume huge
proportions when winter takes over in ear-
After senatorial investigators had been
getting practically nowhere in their ques-
tioning of oil men, an Interstate
Commerce subcommittee in the upper
chamber decided to thrash out the whole
problem on a grand scale once and for
all. Subcommittee chairman Tobey--who
himself is on the spot because he is from
cold New Hampshire--last week called in
nearly 100 oil and coal industry leaders
and government officials for a special
But, although the fiery New Englander
started out with his customary vigor and
urged a full airing of the facts so that a
speedy solution of the shortage (mainly oil,
but also coal, to a lesser degree) could be
found, the all-day session turned up little
that wasn't known before.
Some of the oil men claimed they could
supply all needs if only sufficient tankers
and tank cars were available for transporta-
tion purposes. But most of them admitted
that an unprecedented and unanticipated
post-war dennd has caught them with an
actual supply shortage. One oil man, who
would not given any straightforward assess-
ment of the cause of the shortage, was
abruptly and angrily dismissed by Senator
Tobey, whose cultured New England tones
can suddenly and unpredictably erupt into
words of the sharpest irritability.
Tobey met his match, however, when
the labor representative, mine workers'
chieftain John L. Lewis, took the floor.
The huge assemblage of big industry men
became completely hushed as Lewis orated
in the rolling, dramatic tones and with
the colorful phraseology which no one can
ever forget. Even as he was accusing the oil
industry of responsibility for the shortage
because of its promotional campaign for
installation of household oil burners which
it now can't fill with oil, he had the oil
men themselves eating out of his hand-
gaping at him in open admiration. And
Chairman Tobey became remarkably mel-
low in his treatment of Lewis.
The largely futile session also brought
out a fierce fight which has been waging
within the ranks of the Maritime Com-
mission. The commission's chairman, Ad-
miral William Smith, and commission mem-
ber Grenville Mellen broke into an open
tussle during the session. Mellen, a small,
rotund, thin-lipped, belligerent individual,
charged his fellow commissioners with sell-
ing oil tankers to foreign shippers while
American companies went begging. Smith
denied the charge, and claimed the heavy
demand for ship sales to American com-
panies did not develop until long after the
foreign sales were arranged.
At the end of the session, a solution
was no nearer than at the beginning.
Meanwhile, another Senate group, which
has been looking into the shortage, Sen-
ator Wherry's Small Business Subcommit-
tee, intends to issue a report this week.
It is expected that voluntary allocation of
oil on the part of the companies will be
recommended by the Wherry group. This,
of course, would be in line with the G.O.P.
Wolcott Bill in the House which calls for a.
"voluntary:' approach to the whole anti-
inflation and shortage problem. It would
also be in line with the new Senate Re-
publican economic program, although the
Senate G.O.P. blueprint does concede special
"authority" may be needed for particular
commodities if voluntary allocation does not
Nowhere among the Republicans or the
oil men has government allocation of oil
been mentioned as a serious possibility for
the immediate future.
I 1 f Z "
Letters to the Editor .
"Loyalty tests? Essential to security. Movie censorship? Of course!
Should left-wingers be jailed? Naturally. What's that?
Should food be rationed? RIDICULOUS! WHO
WANTS TO LIVE IN A POLICE STATE?"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETI1N'
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Law of Ten to One
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
jT IS FORMIDABLE to watch the Republi-
cans begin to talk about the possible need
for rationing. The sight affects one like the
trembling of a mountain. They have been so
strict on this subject. And now in the
Congressiaonal cloakrooms they buzz each
other with control talk. It is like hearing
that Carrie Nation has taken to drink.
At this point I would like to set up a
new sociological principle, called Graf-
ton's Law. Grafton's Law holds that it
takes a social disturbance among the peo-
ple equal to a symbolic value of ten to
create a corresponding disturbance in the
Republican high command equal to the
value of one. It seems to me, in other
words, that Mr. Taft and his friends only
dimly reflect the total national concern
about the need for lower prices and better
control . of foodstuffs. The present Re-
publican high command operates like a
At the Michigar.. .
DARK PASSAGE, with Lauren Bacall and
BACALM AND BOGART are with us again,
comprising the first half of our "chase-
um" movies this week. We hear only the Bo-
gart voice as he escapes from San Quentin
and gets picked up by Miss Bacall who has
believed him innocent since his trial. She
conceals and takes care of him as he re-
covers from extensive plastic surgery, and
is about the only one surprised when he
comes out from the bandages as Humphrey
Bogart. But even a new face doesn't end
his perils, and he dodges around San Fran-
cisco for several agonizing reels. There are
some excellent minor characterizations, and
Lauren has had a few more dramatic les-
More of the film might have been left
on the cutting room floor, but Bogart and
Bacall fans will find it one of their best.
-G. E. Hunter.
* * *
At the State . .
ODD MAN OUT, with James Mason.
ACCORDING to the ads, December is Joy
Month at your local teatre, but what
happens to James Mason in Odd Man Out
should have been saved for the 15th of
March. The story is a detailed, almost tedi-
ous, account of recent goings on in Northern
Ireland. Mason plays the lead as a notorious
leader of a vaguely described but apparently
1... ,1, .. 11 - *r a " r # nm L .co-- .c 111
radio amplifier in reverse, reducing a
shout to a murmur.
Yet though it be a thin echo, it is an ac-
curate one, and if Mr. Taft worries for a
moment about the possible need for ration-
ing, we may safely deduce that others are
worrying for an hour, or maybe all day.
It's a funny thing, though, that the Re-
publicans should be murmuring about con-
trols in advance of the '48 elections, when
they won so triumphantly in '46 with a pro-
gram of almost flat opposition to all con-
trol. Why shouldn't the '46 formula be good
Yet the great G.O.P. uproar of '46, on
behalf of letting "natural processes" set
our prices for us, has died down. The G..
O.P. now suggests that prices should be
brought down by industry-wide agree-
ments, to be permitted through nodifica-
tion of the anti-trust laws. That may not
be a very good control idea, but the in-
teresting point is that it isn't "natural pro-
cess" either; it is about as natural as a
piece of Valenciennes lace.
This brings us to certain melancholy re-
flections concerning politics as it was prac-
ticed in 1946. It becomes increasingly appar-
ent that the G. O. P. won an election in a
year in which nobody hurt anybody. The
question of whether its proposals were right
or wrong in that year hardly mattered; or,
to put it another way, everybody was right
because everybody was rich.
The projection of comparatively low war-
time prices into a period of comparatively
high postwar income created a fine, careless,
Now the situation is very different;
there are aches and pains; the G.O.P. is
trying to win an election among a trou-
bled people, and it is beginning to show
quakes and tremors in accordance with
that sociological law which I have just.-
given to the ages.
But Grafton's Law is also a warning. If
the G.O.P. Congressional high command
reacts to an economic difficulty with only
one-tenth as much intensity as does the
general public, then any control plan which
satisfies that high command is likely to
be only one-tenth adequate. After all, an
,agitated Congressman is only a symptom,
and to soothe him may not be quite the
same as to solve the problem. And, accord-
ing to the same law, by the time the high
command became as agitated as the public
is now, the public would be ten times more
concerned. It is a scary sort of law, and I
am almost sorry I discovered it, except
that it may help explain to the G.O.P. why
it lost four critical national elections, hand
(Copyright, 1947, New York Post Syndicate)
(Continued from Page 2)
appointment phone Mrs. Man-
kowski, Extension 748 411-A W.
University Lectures: The De-
partment of Botany and the Mu-
seum of Paleontology present two
University Lectures by Dr. Birbal
Sahni, Prof. of Botany and
Geology and Dean of the
Science Faculty of the University
of Lucknow, India. The first lec-
ture "Hunting Fossils in India,"
will be Wednesday, Dec. 17, 4:15
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre, and
the second, "Ancient Floras and
Earth MoVements," Thursday,
Dec. 18, 4:15 p.m., Natural Science
Business Administration Lec-
ture: Mr. Daniel F. Gerber, Presi-
dent of the Gerber Products Com-
pany, Fremont, Michigan, will dis-
cuss the annual statement for
stockholders and employees at 4
p.m., Tues., Dec. 16, Rackham
Amphitheatre. The public is in-
Marriage Relations Lecture Se-
ries: The final lecture in the Mar-
riage Relations Series will be pre-
sented by Dr. Roland Bainton in
the Rackham Lecture Hall, 8 p.m.,
Wed., Dec. 17. Dr. Bainton will
speak on "What is Happening to
Marriage Today." Students are
requested to present their identi-
fication cards at the door in addi-
tion to their tickets.
Doctoral Examination for Leon
Madansky, Physics; thesis: "The
Measurement of Lifetimes of
Short-lived Metastable States in
Nuclei," 1:30 p.m., Tues., Dec. 16,
West Council Room, Rackham
Bldg. Chairman: M. L. Weiden-
Chemistry Colloquium: 4:15
p.m., Wed., Dec. 17, Rim .303
Chemistry Bldg. Dr. Richard B.
Hahn of Wayne University will
discuss his work on Zirconium
Mathematics Colloquium: First
meeting, Tues., Dec. 16, 4 p.m.,
Rm. 3201 Angell Hall. Paper: by
George Piranian, "Toeplitz Trans-
formation with Small Converg-
ence Fields." Hectographed ab-
stracts are available in Miss Kel-
ly's and Miss Eastman's offices.
Physical and Inorganic Chemis-
try Seminar: 4:15 p.m., Tues.,
Dec. 16, Rm. 303, Chemistry Bldg.
Dr. Ying Fu will speak on "Ther-
modynamics of Absorption from
Zoology Seminar: Thurs., Dec.
18, 7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
theater. Mr. William A. Martin
will speak on "The Mechanics of
Environmental Control of Body
Form in Fishes."
Recital Cancelled: The recital
by Madrigal Singers, originally
scheduled for 8:30 Thursday eve-
ning, Dec, 13, Lydia Merndelssohn
Theatre, has been postponed. The
new date will be announced later.
Student Recital: Lorraine
Zeeuw, organist, will present a
program in partial fulfillment of
the. requirements for the degree
of Bachelor of Music at 8:30 p.m.,
Tues., Dec. 16, Hill Auditorium
Open to the general public, the re-
cital will include compositions by
Bach, DeLamarter, Brahms, Ma-
leingreau, and Karg-Elert.
Museum of Art: AMERICAN
ABSTRACT ARTISTS, througt
December 21; PRINTS BY LA-
SANSKY AND THE IOW\
PRINT GROUP, through Decem-
ber 28. Alumni' Memorial Hall;
Daily, except Monday, 10-12 and
2-5; Sunday, 2-5; Wednesday eve-
nings, 7-9. The public is invited.
Museum of Art, Alumni Mem-
orial Hall. Gallery Talk on Ex-
hibitions of Abstract Painting
and Lasansky Prints by Prof.
Chet LaMore, Tuesday, Dec. 16, 4
p.m. The public is invited.
4-4:15 p.m., WPAG (1050 Kc.),
Music is My Hobby-J. E. Maddy.
Women's Glee Club: There will
be no regular rehearsal at 4 p.m.,
instead we will meet with the
Men's Glee Club at 7:15 p.m., Rm.
319, Michigan Union.
Alpha Kappa Delta: Christmas
Party, 8 p.m., West Conference
Room, Rackham Bldg. Wives,
husbands and guests of members
Sigma Rho Tau: Finals on the
Intercircle Debates. Faculty
Judges. Training Program: Ethics
of Debate, How to Expose a Fal-
lacy. Announcement of Promo-
tions and Elections. 7:15 p.m.,
Movie: "Appointment .in Tokyo"
presented by the ROTC Unit, 7
p.m., Kellogg Auditorium. No ad-
mission charge. Open to the pub-
This motion picture is a dra-
matic, rough, and gripping ac-
count of General MacArthur's op-
erations from the fall of Corregi-
dor to the surrender ceremonies in
Tokyo Bay. Admission is free and
open to the public.
U. of M. Radio Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Rm. 246, W. Engineer-
ing Bldg. Speaker: Fred Dupslaff,
W8DCN, speaking on "Broadcast
Interference by Amateur Radio."
Flying Club: Executive Board
meeting, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 1300, E.
Engineering Bldg. Members of the
University wishing to join the
club are invited.
La Sociedad Hispanica presents
"La Barraca," the Spanish film
based on Blasco Ibanez' master-
piece, Tuesday and Wednesday,
Dec. 16 and 17, 8:30 p.m., Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. The pub-
lie is invited. Members pay tax
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which is signed, 30 words
or less in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views
expressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
* * *
More on MYDA
To the Editor:
[WOULD LIKE TO point out the
facts concerning the charge
that MYDA has used the Eisler-
Marzani incident as a "cheap pub-
For the past three weeks I and
other members of MYDA have
been scouring Ann Arbor for a
place to meet. We were refused use
of the following places: Masonic
Temple, County Court House, Ann
Arbor High School, Jones School,
Y.M.C.A., Unitarian Church, Farm
Bureau, V.F.W. Post, Methodist
Church, Congregational Church,
Labor Hall and many others. We
received all kinds of reasons for
the refusals. I even approached
Vice-President Niehuss about the
possibilities of MYDA renting Hill
or Rackham Auditoriums. He in-
formed me that in his opinion
such an action would not be per-
Finally, on Thursday, I, know-
ing that the League rents its fa-
,cilities to off-campus organza-
tions, called the League and was
informed by Miss Skinner that
MYDA could have the Hussey
Room on Monday night. To make
sure that there was no misunder-
standing, I went to the League
and presented Miss Skinner with a
$10 check, which she accepted.
This is the same procedure that
MYDA followed when we rented
a room at the Masonic Temple for
a previous meeting. We have to
follow such a procedure because
we know that pressure will be
brought to bear on anyone who
rents to us. The Callahan and
Thomas Committees are still in
The fact that the League was
forced by the powers that be to
cancel the meeting was, of course,
no surprise to me or to anyone
else knowing the situation. But
this fact does not make our ac-
tions a "publicity stunt."
All MYDA wants is a right to
meet. We are being denied this
right not only on the campus, but
off it as well. MYDA will, there-
fore take every legal step neces-
sary in its fight for the enforce-
ment of the First Amendment to
the Constitution, the amendment
which guarantees freedom of
speech and assembly to all.
-Edward H. Shaffer,
To the Editor:
HAS FREEDOM OF SPEECH,
freedom of expression and
freedom of thought become un-
fashionable in this year of 947
at the campus of the University
We, the undersigned, who are
not members of the Communist
Party, protest the University Ad-
ministratioan's infringement on
our basic rights. We sincerely
hope that the University may
Le Cerele Francais: Christmas
meeting, 8 p.m., Rm. 305, Michi-
gan Union. Program: two short
comedies, "L'arriviste" by Miguel
Zamacois to be played by mem-
bers of the Cercle and "Gros
Chagrins" by Georges Courteline
to be presented by two French la-
dies; French Christmas carols; re-
freshments. All students of
French nationality are to be honor
guests. Every member should
bring an article of food as a gift
for French children and students.
Polonia, Club: Annual Christmas
Party, 7:30 p.m., International
Center, Admission: $.25 gift. En-
tertainment and refreshments.
IZFA: Discussion of "Chalut-
ziut." 8 p.m., Hillel Foundation.
Christian Science Organization:
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Upper Room,
Lane Hall. All are invited.
Research Club: 8 p.m., Wed.,
Dec. 17, Rackham Amphitheatre.
Papers: Prof. H. B. Lewis, "Nat-
ural Toxicants in Nutrition - A
Study of Lathyrism." Prof. A. W.
Bromage, "Major Issues of Con-
stitutional Revision in Michigan."
School of Business Adminis-
tration, Student - Faculty Coffee
Hour, sponsired by Delta Sigma
Pi, professional Business Admin-
istration fraternity. 3-5 p.m.
Thurs., Dec. 18, Michigan League
Ballroom. All business adminis-
tration students are invited.
(Continued on Page 5)
again become a place for free and
unrestricted exchange of thought.
-Curtis L Mann,
and four others.
* * *
To the Editor:
DEMOCRACY is not a matter
of whim, chance or arbitrary
tolerance. In order for it to work,
it must be allowed a full scope of
insured freedom in every respect.
Freedom from fear, especially
from the fear that evil conse-
quences may attend fertile think-
ing and expression, is a natural;
and inseparable portion of the
strength upon which democracy
I think the refusal of the Uni-
versity to allow Gerhart Eisler to
speak on the campus is an aban-
donment, on the part of those
people responsible, of the liberal
heritage of free discussion. Their'
ban on Eisler is inimical to de-
It appears as if the University
has allowed itself to be swept
into the general inquisitional hys-
teria being whipped up by such
men as J. Parnell Thomas. I am
certain that this school cannot
possibly mean to show concern
with such a system of "fire and
faggot" as Thomas employs, a
system not altogether dissimilar
to those which the democracies o.
the world fought against during
Because democracy cannot
function in an intellectual vac-
uum, and because intellects can-
not function when liberty of con-
science is questioned and even
denied, I think it is the respon-
sibility of all people seccure'intie
belief that free speech is central
to democracy to protest the action
against Eisler with sufficient per-
sistence and vigor to prevent an-
other such undemocratic action
from being effected.
Conceding to thought control
will bring additional strictures
on hard-won privileges and rights,
and leave us with no recourse but
,self-contempt for having sub-
mitted to such undemocratic de-
Francis X. Growley.
To the Editor:
THE ADMINISTRATION of the
University of Michigan has
gone on record as prohibiting any
campus organization from pre-
senting Gerhart Eisler on the
Apparently the University ad-
ministration feels that the pres-
entation of his views by a man
like Mr. Eisler would be detri.
mental to the good name of the
University. Apparently it feels that
while democracy might be the best
way of life, it would not be able
to withstand the verbal attacks
of Communists. I've got more faith
in democracy than that.
I'd like to remind Presiden
Ruthven that the late President;
Ropsevelt staked his good name
on the inclusion of the Freedon
to Speak in the Four Freedoms.
And that Voltaire has said: "I do
not agree with one word you say,
but I will defend with my life
your right to say it."
To the Editor:
THE CAMPUSES in America ore
not escaping the "witch-
hunt." President Ruthven's ban on
the appearance of Gerhart Eisler
is one more concession to regi-
mentation of thought, one of
many concessions being made by
college presidents today as the
struggle to intimidate all progres-
sives in America increases.
At the University of Wisconsin,
a week ago, Eisler was barred
from appearing. At three of New
York City's colleges; Columlia,.
City College and Brooklyn, How-
ard Fast was barred from appear-
These infringements of aca-
demic freedom do not grow out of
a vacuum. They represent a fear
on the part of reactionary inter-
ests in the United States, a fear
that the student body is beginning
to awaken, that in order to sell
wholesale imperialism to the more
than two millign who aie in col-
leges, they must first be condi-
tioned. "Anti-Communism" is the
conditioning process. If students
can be made to realize that Ger-
hart Eisler is a Moscow agent,
capable at the snap of his fingers
of overthrowing the American
government, it becomes much sim-
pler to apologize for direct inter-
vention in Greece and China,
France and Italy; it becomes
much simpler to flaunt the UN, to
take unilateral action in these
'countries in support of pro-fas-
cist regimes. It becomes simpler
on the basis of "stopping the ris-
ing tide of Communism."
The American student ha&
shown a remarkable capacity i.
the past to think and judge fo:
himself once he has access to th
facts. After he has heard Eisler,
after the other side has been pre-
sented to him, the side other than
that presented by a Wall Street
0 4 s,