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December 11, 1947 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-12-11

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CIVIL
LIBERTIES
SEE PAGE 4

'1,

SwF4h

!Iaiijr

SNOW
FLURRIES

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LVIII, No. 68 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, DEC. 11, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Students

Cast

Largest

Vote

in

Strike Threat
Faces Rome;
France Quiet
Italians DemnanBd
Works Program
Sy The Associated Press
A general strike loomed in Rome
yesterday while a momentary lull
settled over labor strife in France.
Leftists yesterday ordered a gen-
eral strike throughout Rome and
the Italian provinces yesterday,
bringing their month-old "winter
offensive" against Premier Alcide
De Gasperi's Christian Democrat
Government to the capital.
Ordered by the Provincial
Chamber of Labor, the strike be-
comes effective today and will be
continued until De Gasperi bows
to, sweeping demands including
unemployment aid.
Demand Works Program
Calling out all workers in in-
dustry, commerce and agriculture
except a few to keep some skele-
ton services going, the provincial
Chamber of Labor demanded the
earmarking of 10,000,000,000 lire
($18,650,000) for a public works
program to absorb what it esti-
mated were 8,000 unemployed in
the Rome area.
This newest challenge to the De
Gasperi government climaxes a
wave of leftist-led strikes, demon-
strations in public squares and
attacks on government buildings
throughout Italy.
Respite in France
Meanwhile reports from France
tell of a lull in the wave of strikes
which for a time crippled all vital
services throughout the nation.
Drastic measures to restore order
were taken by newly installed
Premier Robert Schuman and
peace returned to the strife-ridden
land yesterday.
However competent observers
have warned that the current
labor peace is merely the lull be-
fore another round of strikes and
outbreaks. Spokesmen declare that
Communists will spend the next
few weeks regrouping their forces
for another outburst before the
American aid program can be-
come effective.
British Warr
Arabs, Jews
To Call Tru ce
JERUSALEM, Dec. 10-(AP)-The
death toll in 11 days of Holy Land
violence climbed to 131 tonight
and Sir Alan Cunningham, the
High Commissioner, warned Jews
and Arabs that unless the blood-
letting ceases "severe measures"
would be taken against both com-
munities.
A British police officer and a
Territorial soldier died from
wounds, bringing to 19 the num-
her of deaths reported today. It
was one of the worst days of scat-
tered violence since the United
Nations decision to partition Pal-
estine.
Warfare Spreads
The Jewish-Arab warfare spread
to the southern desert, where 10
deaths were reported. Eighteen
Arabs smashed their way out of
Acre prison in the far north.
An Associated Press count of

deaths in Palestine included 78
Jews, six British and two Armen-
ians. The total for the entire Mid-
die East was 243.
(A dispatch from Aden said two
Arabs were killed 'by local police
in an attack upon a Jewish shop.
This would bring casualties in that
Arabian port to 114 and raise the
Middle East figure to 245. The
dispatch added that many Jews
were leaving the city in the wake
of the Jew-Arab strife.
]Mold Meetings
(Representatives of the Arab
League held their third session. in
the current meetings at Cairo for
organizing their forces to oppose
the UN decision on Palestine. The
Arab leaders were in touch with
the Syrian, delegate to the 'United

IBirth of French Crisis
Viewed by Paris Student
Paris Police Raid Communist Newspaper;
All Await Government Action on Sabotage
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Latest reports from France tell of a momentary lull
in labor strife. Following is a delayed report from a former University stu-
dent written as last week's wave of strikes gained momentum.)
By RAGNAR L. ARNESEN
(Special to The Daily)
PARIS, France, Nov. 29-(Delayed)-Tonight there is an undeni-
able tenseness in the air.
A copy of the Communist newspaper l'Humanite has been circu-
lating-a bloody tabloid, streaked across top and bottom with two
yred lines of three-inch print sounding the alert against the "Fascist
Schuman government." The story has it that there was a raid at the
Humanite presses and that the police have been ordering these special
editions off the newstands.
This is an unheard of thing in France, where personal liberty

' History
Ballots Choose
Legislators; Tell
e el
Racial Opinions
Snowstorm Fails To Halt 5,301
(>ipus Pa rtieipants in Electionx
The largest vote in the history of the University was cast yester-
day as 5,301 students packed polling booths despite inclement weather
and elected 32 new members to the Student Legislature.
Students elected 14 independent candidates and 18 affiliated, with
the first two candidates elected, Norris Domangue and Al Maslin, pres-
ident and parliamentarian respectively, of the newly formed Associa-
tion of Independent Men.
Only one candidate failed to poll the required 25 first place votes.
rHe will forfeit his bond, in line with the new election rules.
Racial Issue Later
Results of the balloting on the barber shop discrimination issue
e *k * *

I * *' *
New French
Cabinet May
Be Successful
Prof. Vernon Lauds
Anti-Strike Action
By AL BLUMROSEN
The new cabinet under Premier
Schuman may, if nothing sensa-
tional happens, be able to survive
as the government of France, Dr.
M. C. Vernon of the plitical sci-
ence department said yesterday.
The first actions under the new
anti-strike law as taken by the
new strong Minister of Interior
Moch were labeled "successful" by
Dr. Vernon. "They were approved
by everyone except the Commu-
nists."
Isolate Communists
He said that the rightist forces
in France are participating in a
process of isolating the Commu-
nists politically from the rest of
the population. "The nucleus of
the rightist movement, De Gaulle's
RPF is not a permanent organiza-
tion but will probably fall apart
if political conditions were to be-
come more stable and if the Com-
munists were to lose considerably,"
he said.
"The Communists have proba-
bly lost some supporters recently
in France," Dr. Vernon said, "but
this does not mean much to party
efficiency or action because of its
detailed organization and its dis-
cipline."
Situation Desperate
Dr. Vernon said that the eco-
nomic condition in France is "des-
perate" and needs urgent relief.
"Gestures like the 'Friendship
Train' are of negligible import-
ance," he added.
"If American aid does not come
to France and the rest of Europe,
then they will not only lose faith
in democracy as personified by the
United States, but will have to
look for new friends who will help
them, one of whom might be the
Soviet Union," Dr. Vernon said.
Opera Scripts
Are Reviewed
The famed Union Opera came
one step nearer revival yesterday
as thirty students turned out for
the first meeting of script writers.
Both men and women attended
the meeting where script ideas
were discussed and completed
scripts revised.
Dave Upton, chairman of the
Union Opera, urged any other stu-
dents interested in writing for the
opera to attend the next meeting
slated for Wednesday in the Un-
ion. Upton declared the group can
still use additional scripts.

IFrance, where personal liberty
still has the highest standard of
any place in theaworld-too big,
some think, because it admits of
personal attacks on the coun-
try's leaders.
Tension Grows
Everyone is waiting for some-
thing to happen. Tomorrow is
Sunday, and it promises only to
prolong the tension. One hears
that it would be wise to fill one's
wash-basin with water. There were
long lines at the bakeries tonight;
those, that is, that did not have
signs "No more bread" in the win-
dow.
Sunday morning . . . the story
about the raid was true; and
now there is a young man in front
of the metro station across the
street, his hands red and chapped
with the cold, shouting, "Stop the
Boche dictator! Unite for free-
dom of the press! Read l'Human-
ite!" He stomps to keep warm
as he sells his papers, clearly not
his usual occupation.
Behind him is the small kiosk
that sells Communist literature on
Sundays--Lenin, books by Louis
Aragon, Paul Vaillant-Couturier,
articles by Duclos.
Low Pressure
The water pressure was notice-
ably low this afternoon, and
everyone has taken the precaution
of filling bottles. All afternoon
three new gendarmes have been
patrolling the boulevard here.
The Chamber of Deputies has
been in session this afternoon to
vote on the proposal of Jules
Moch on the outlawing of the
strike or agitation and the violent
fomentation of industrial resist-
See FRENCH, Page 6
Fire Strikes
Constr uction1)
Firm' sOff ice
Fire struck the campus area
again yesterday as flames broke
out in the offices of Bryant and
Detwiler Construction Co., 437
Maynard, partially destroying
blueprints for the new General
Service Building.
An overheated furnace cased
the blaze, which did extensive
damage in the wood frame build-
ing. The degree 'of setback in the
University construction program
because of destruction of the blue-
prints has not yet been deter-
mined.
Meanwhile, Wild & Co. began
preparations for reconstruction
following Tuesday's $100,000 fire,
which swept the State Street
clothing store and damaged ad-
joining establishments.
While clean-up operations went
ahead full force, George F. Wild,
Sr., owner of the gutted build-
ing, made plans to set up a "lim-
ited retail outlet" in a ne"wly-
leased building on S. University
near Forest.
"I'll be satisfied if we get the
State Street store ready for the
opening of classes next fall," Wild
said.

THE PUBLISHER LOOKS AT PICKETS-Col. Robert McCormick (left) editor and publisher of the
Chicago Tribune, pauses in front of the Tribune building entrance at Chicago, Dec. 9, as pickets of
Chicago Typographical Union No. 16 walk by. Col. McCormick has just returned from a tour of
the Orient. Pickets represent composing room strikers who are not working in six major Chicago
newspapers.

I

EDITOR SPEAKS:
N. Howard Deplores Unfair
Criticism of Newspapers
.__

Confessing himself to be com-
pletely subjective in his own highj
opinion of current newspapers, N.
R. Howard, editor of the Cleveland
News, yesterday made an effec-
tive plea for would-be newspaper
critics to base their comments on
rational foundations.
Howard, who spoke at Kellogg
Auditorium on "A Free and Re-
lFederalists'
Will Take Poll
On Aid Policy
Fraternities, sororities and
league houses will be canvassed
today by the campus chapter of
the United World Federalists in
their drive for united support f or
their program of foreign aid for
Europe.
Students will be given copies of
the Federalist resolution to read
and be asked to sign "yes" or
"no," on the question of U. S. help
for Europe, according to Debby
Rabinowitz, chairman of the sur-
vey committee.
The resolution favors using eco-
nomic aid to halt "polarization" of
nations over strategic use of help
to secure allegiance of the receiv-
ing nations.
The Federalists hope that prop-
erly administered aid will be a"
"bro~adminded" step toward "giv-
ing the countries of Europe the
power and the willingness to trade
their present position of pawns in
a game for power for a real repre-
sentation in a world government."
Tomorrow student Federalists
will visit the lines of local res-
taurants, the League. and the Un-
ion in their attempt to reach at
least 15,000 students.
IeadIline let or
Pepsi Schloarships
Students applying for a Pepsi-
cola scholarship should submit all
forms and papers to the Scholar -
ship office, Rm. 205 University
Hall, n~o later than tomorrow,
Papers which do not meet this
deadline will disqualify a student
from the scholarship, according to
Ivan Parker', of the Scholarship
office.

sponsible Press," stressed the im-
portance of newspaper criticism in
maintaining and stimulating good
news service.
Deploring the fact that most
newspaper criticism is on an ir-
rational basis, Howard set forth
the following four points as a
reasonable foundation on which
criticisms can be based:
1. Recognition of the fact that
newspapers must make themselves
readily available to public under-
standing, and therefore to public
criticism as well.
2. An appreciation of the fact
that newspapers, like any other
form of business, deserves the
right to operate as a private en-
terprise.
3. An awareness of the great
historic advance made by news-
papers in impartial, thorough
presentation of the news.
4. The realization that a valid
criticism must reflect not just
an individual opinion, but the ma-
jority viewpoint of a cross-sec-
tion of the people.
7Wrorld News
At, a Glance,
By The Associated Press
A rescue party with dog sleds
fought its way last night over the
rugged country of Labrador's icy
wilderness to the scene of the
crash of an air transport com-
narnd plane which fell with 29
military men aboard. In other
plane accidents yesterday-in
Turkey and in the United States
--6 persons were reported killed,
four others parachuted to safety
and an additional 10 escaped -ser-
ious injury.
LONDON, Dec, 10-Secretary of
State Marshall declared tonight
that the Soviet Union was taking
$500,000,000 annually in German
assets out of the Russian-occupied
zone and demanded that such
withdrawals cease within three
weeks.
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 10-Nine
of the 10 Hollywood men charged
with contempt of Congress were
fingerprinted, booked and ar-
raigned today after they surren-
dered at U.S. Marshal Robert E.
Clark's office.

O.S. Michigan
Will Map Out
Final Plans
To Base Demands on
25 CampusSurveys
Operation Subsistence Michigan
-the campaign to boost Govern-
ment allotments to student vet-
erans-will be climaxed Saturday
at a statewide planning confer-
ence in East Lansing.
A final program will be mapped
out at the meeting for presenta-
tion to Congress early next month.
The results of a veterans cost of
living survey conducted on 25
Michigan campuses will serve as
the nucleus of demands for a raise
in subsistence.
Representatives of veterans
groups and campus organizations
throughout the state will direct
their efforts three ways, George
Antonofsky, temporary chairman
of Operation Subsistence, pointed
out.
First, he said, "there's the ques-
tion of living costs. We can't keep
up with present indexes under the
G.T. Bill. Last year, one and a half
million veterans dropped out of
America's colleges and universities
because they were unable to meet
costs. More will drop out next
year if we don't coordinate our
efforts to raise subsistence.
"Second on our agenda will be
the matter of rent controls," An-
tonosky declared. "A subsistence
raise will be for naught if rents
are allowed to go up."
"And, third, we'll be concerned
with the matters of our educa-
tional problems and facilities.
Physical facilities are entirely in-
adequate to meet the needs of
student-vets. Quota systems and
segregation are practices on many
campuses. We've got to iron out
these difficulties."
'Mikado' Will
Be Produced
The Gilbert and Sullivan So-
ciety will give its second and final
production of "The Mikado" at
8:30 p.m.today in the Pattengill
Auditorium of Ann Arbor High
School.
Tickets will be on sale all day
outside Rm. 2, University Hall and
at the Pattengill box office before
the performance.

will not be tabulated until later in-
the week. Dick Kelly, election
committee chairman, said the
committee will call in statistical
experts to evaluate student opin-
ion on the question.
Election officials disqualified 51
ballots which were improperly
marked or not stamped. one( bal-
lot (blank) was inscribed with the
following statement: "I am exer-
cising my right to vote. I heartily
disagree with student government
in its present form."
30 Workers
More than 30 volunteers helped
count the ballots under the com-
plicated Hare plan of proportional
representation, with as many on-
lookers-candidates and friends-
and one stray cat-"sweating it
out" through the 12 counts need-
ed to fill the vacant positions.
Said one candidate (during the
sixth count): "This Hare plan was
invented solely and completely to
scare the candidates . ." The
candidate was elected on the
eleventh count.
New Lawmakers
The names of the legislators fol-
low in the approximate order in
which they were elected:
Norris Domangue, Al Maslin,
Joe Miller, Bill Miller, Norm Gott-
lieb, Ray Guerin, John Baum, Al-
lyn Rosen, Tom Walsh, Max Dean,
Walter Shaffer, Charles McKeen,
Robert Ballou, Blair Moody, Shir-
ley Osgood, Hanny Gross, Donald
Rothchild, Charles Gibbs, Al Mill-
stein, and Dick Hait.
The list continues with: Elinor
Abrahamson, Dick Burton, Bill
Gripman, Robert McGee, Betty
Clark, Marshall C. Lewis, Anne
McGrew, Jim Saker, Jean Leon-
ard, John Swets, Paul Anderson,
and Pat Doust.
Administration
Plait Runs Into
More Trouble
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10-(11
Two additional obstacles to the
Administration's program to halt
inflation at home and furnish
aid to Europe appeared today.
The Republicans put the finish-
ing touches on their own anti-
inflation program based on volun-
tary controls and prohibiting
price-fixing. The GOP program
will go to the House Monday.
Meanwhile, the House is slated
to put final approval on its $590,-
000,000 bill authorizing emergency
aid to France, Italy, Austria and
China tomorrow. At the same
time a brisk battle appeared like-
ly, as the Senate declared that
it would resist all provisions of the
House bill which conflict with its
own measure calling for $597,000,-
000 to the three western European
countries.
The Reublican anti-inflation
mneasur'e calls for:
1-Voluntary agreements allo-
eating transportation facilities,
preventing grain speculation, and
allocating basic consumer goods
2-Extended export cont ols.
3-Extending presidential pow-
er to allocate rail transportation
facilities.

Newly Elected
Legislators
Face Problems
Critics Call for
Corrective Measures
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last.
in a series of interpretative articles
on the Student Legislature as a re-
port to the student body on prob-
lems and fats cencountered in stu-
dent government on this campus.
By NAOMI STERN
With partial returns in yester-
day's election showing an unus-
ually large vote, the 32 new mem-
bers of the Student Legislature
find themselves in a particularly
responsible position.
. With Legislature faults obvious,
and with student backing equally
apparent, the initiation of cor-
rective measures now rests direct-
ly with the legislators themselves.
Changes Suggested
Observers and critics of the Leg-
islature have not neglected to sug-
gest possible changes in procedure
to alleviate the most glaring faults
-suggestions which the current
student representatives may well
consider. Some of these follow:
1. A rule passed last year, pro-
viding that a student be dropped
from the Legislature after three
consecutive absences or five ab-
sences during his term of office,
should be strictly enforced.
Should Know Rules
2. Legislators should be more
cognizant of the rules pertaining
to quorums. The Student Leg-
islature constitution contains a
provision which reads: "All meet-
ings of the Legislature shall be
conducted in accordance with
Robert's Rules of Order." Under
these rules, a quorum is "as-
sumed," unless challenged, under
which case, 51 per cent of the
members must be present. In the
past, the Legislature has consis-
See NEWLY, Page 6
Map Program
For Tolerance
.Anti-Discrimination
(onmiiittee To Meet
A meeting of the new commit-
tee which was recently created
to promote anti-discrimination
measures, has been called for 4:30
today in the Union, Keitha Har-
mon, acting chairman of the
group, announced yesterday.
The group will endeavor to en-
list support for its policies from
student religious groups, Miss
The statement in Wednes-
day's Daily that IFC is fully in
accord with the principle be-
hind IRA's "Operation Haircut"
was not exactly correct, Henry
Meyer, president of IFC, an-
nounced yesterday. Meyer stat-
etd that. WC lha% e ndorgi'A thin

TEA AND C AK E ON A WINTER Y A FT ERNOON:
President Ruthven Entertains Students At Home

By MARY STEIN
We've always wondered what it

a fleeting glimpse of President
and Mrs. Ruthven in the receiv-

That's all-there is to it. One of
the 65 attractive hostesses then

at 8:55 and a gum eraser. A plas-
ter statuette of his favorite Mor-

briskly-conversing students are
seated just as informally.

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