FOR THE MICHIGAN DAILY
W EN 1
Edited and managed by students of the Unin-
versity of Michigan under the authority of the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
John Campbell ................Managing Editor
Nancy Helmick ...........'.....General Manager
Clyde Recht ......................City Editor
Jeanne Swendeman ........ Advertising Manager
Stuart Finlayson .............Editorial Director
Edwin Schneider ..............Finance Manager
Lida Dailes....................Associate Editor
Eic~e Mntz .................Associate Editor
Dick Kraus ......................Sports Editor
Bob Lent ...............Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson ................. Women's Editor
Betty Steward .........Associate Women's Editor
Joan de Carvajal ...............Library Director
Melvin Tick ...............Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for re-publication of all news dispatches
Credited to It or otherwise credited in this news-
paper. All rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Mich-
igan, as second class mal matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by
Carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Member, Assoc. Collegiate Press, 1947-48
E~ditorials published in The Michigan Daily
rare written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JOAN KATZ
Yes or No?
Tp UNITED NATIONS decision to parti-
tion Palestine recevied well over the
two-thirds approval of those delegates pres-
ent and voting required in the Assembly.
But inherent in the inclusion of the word
"voting" in the requirement is the admission
of a grave blemish on the real representative
nature of the Assembly's decisions-on the
Palestine is.ue, ten nations abstained from
As the United Nations itself is based on
the principle of the broadest possible
pattlcipation in world decisions, it is ridic-
ulous to suppose that any member na-
tion has refrained from participation on
the grounds of not being informed about
or concerned with the issue in question.
Great Britain's abstention from voting on
the Palestine issue can be justified on the
basis of desiring to remain impartial
about a situation in whih she has been
so closely involved. However, the failure
to vote o-n the other nine abstaining
members can only be interpreted as a
silent boycott on the whole proceeding.
In this critical period of the UN's history,
such policies tend to undermine the strength
of the organization. At present, Russia's
refusalsto participate in the "little Assembly"
or interim committee of the General As-
sembly, virtually shears that organ of its
effectiveness. It is time for all members of
the UN to adopt a more adult attitude to-
wardtheir responsibilities, and to express
their opinions in clear terms of "yes" or
"no" rather than in the silent criticism of
ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
LONDON-While Moscow is unleashing in
France and Italy a series of wild rev-
olutionary strikes against an European re-
covery. sober Britishers with pencil in hand
are quietly trying to chart the future of
The British Labor party won 34 by-elec-
tions in a row-a feat never before ac-
complished in British history. That this
run was stopped last Wednesday by a
conservative victory at Howdenshire can-
not diminish the size of this achievement.
Labor party strategists are particularly
pleased with winning the by-election - at
G-ravesend. This constituency was Conserv-
ative until 1945 wlhn Labor won it with an
The Tories, overstimulated by their
smashing victory in the recent municipal
elections, counted on rewinning Grave-
send. The recent heavier restrictions are
inevitably laid at the feet of the ruling
Labor party. With even potatoes rationed
and basic gasoline suppressed as of De-
cember 1-roughly equivalent to what an
individual got on an A card in America
during the war-popular resentment was
supposed to be running high. The ques-
tion was how high?
Realizing that the alleged trend must be
reversed if socialism is to survive in the
British Labor party the leaders concentrated
on holding Gravesend. Their candidate, Sir
Richard Acland, is a Puritan preaching the
joys of "austerity" is also something of a
screwball. But a passionate Socialist and a
good speaker. Backed by the support of sev-
eral Labor big-shots he beat his colorless
Conservative rival by 1,600 votes.
You could hear the Labor crows around
the world. Frank Conservat4ves admitted
the Laborites had something to crow
The latest Gallup gave the Tories 44,
Labor 40 per cent popular preference with
the Liberals still holding the balance.
Political experts, British and foreign,
are divided about this. One American col-
league noted for both his shrewdness and
his Labor sympathies, confided to me
that at a general election held now "So-
cialism in Britain would be lost." Another
equally sensitive student believes Labor
would sneak through. Both admit that the
British people have been turning from
socialism rather faster than people us-
ually turn from the party in power. Ox-
ford and Cambridge Universities-it is an-
nounced - are again pro-Conservative.
Other signs aren't doubtful.
Everybody admits, however, that today the
Liberals could decide the election provided
they were able to fulfill three conditions.
First, develop a positive democratic program
opposed both to Tory privilege and to Labor
bureaucracy and waste. Second, impose such
strict party cohesion as to make their vote
unanimous. Third, find leaders with more
political sex appeal.
Such considerations are somewhat ac-
ademic. The ruling Laborites haven't the
slightest intention of holding an elec-
tion before 1950, when their mandate ex-
pires. Nothing but a national economic
catastrophe could compel them to do so.
The discussion therefore boils down to
whether things are going to get better or
worse in Britain. Conservatives point to
what is called Labor inefficiency and
Socialist confusion, to prove that things
must worsen. Give the Socialists more
time and they are bound to fail, they say.
The Laborites believe that their own ef-
forts and a successful Marshall Plan will
restore Britain's prosperity and with it,
Labor's popularity by 1950. They point with
pride to the recent increases in coal and
steel production. For Americans this is a
matter of importance. Everywhere the Amer-
ican system is being challenged by collec-
tivist philosophies, some whereof are capable
of recruiting fanatical partisans. If the col-
lectivist trend continues-many think free
Europe will lean more and more towards
Russia. If on the other hand collectivism
gets a black eye or proves to be incompatible
with human freedom, then closer partner-
ship between free Europe and the United
States seems virtually certain-provided,
meanwhile, free Europe survives.
(Copyright 1947, Press Alliance, Inc.)
/ ~~Cop 97b U d Fete S tcae n
"I told you to cal me 'COMRADE General you impudent pup!"
__A IL.Y OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Letters to the Editor' ...
THINK THE PLACING of the
booths for the Dec. 10 election
s very poor. The plan calls for
our booths, two at the Engine
Arch, and one in Angell Hall and
>ne in the Law Quad. To my
nind these booths will be off the
paths of the people from Willow
Village, Mosher-Jordan, Stockwell,
Vaughn, Newberry, Barbour, West
Quad as well as most of the peo-
ple living below State Street. The
booths should be placed so that
they will be accessible to these
people aswell as to the people
entering and eaving the Campus
Square by the southeastren and.
* * *
To the Editor:
I'M AFRAID that IRA is follow-
ing in the footsteps of many rad-
ical organizations-they press the
issue too hard. While sharing their
views about the Negro race prob-
lem, I'm afraid I cannot side with
them in their fight to force bar-
bers to serve Negroes. I believe
that as a wage earner the barber
has the right to refuse his serv-
ices to anyone. He has the same
right to turn down this "fob" as
any wage earner has a right to re-
fuse the offer of any jol. Yet Mr.
Jones isn't looked down u'pon be-
cause he refuses to work for Mr.
Smith. Why, then, should the bar-
ber be cast in the role of arch-
The trouble with IRA, as with
many radical groups, is that they
want immediate results. They are.
too blind to see that forcing the
issue leads to increased trouble, re-
sentment. This is borne olit by the
barbers' statement that if forced
to serve Negroes, their haircuts
would be somewhat under par.
Radical ideas always take time
to become generally accepted. If
IRA worked with long-range views
in mind rather than immediate
results they might get farther. By
a program of enlightenment show
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which is signed, 300 words
or less in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views
expressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
To the Editor:
a misguided public that the public
isn't necessarily an inferior hu-
man being. True. this is a slow,
painful process and tangible re-
sults are hard to put a finger
upon for a long vhile, and with-
out much appeal to the radical
who wants quick results.
Perhaps this isn't a satisfactory
solution, but the use of force, the
picketing of barber shops. the
preparation of a court test, the
signiiig of petitions, etc., do noth-
ing to swing the barbers or any-
one else to your side of the fence.
Here's one big vote against meth-
ods used by IRA-are they really
helping, or are they increasing re-
sentment and indignation?
* * *
Law and Freedom
To the Editor:
THE PRESENT CAMPAIGN
Sagainst barbershop discrim-
ination has given rise todcertain
considerations that may not be
apparent to some.
The general concensus of opin-
ion has been that individual free-
dom in the United States has been
inextricably bound up with the
laws of this country. The laws,
therefore, must be enforced and
respected if they are to protect
individual freedom. This means all
laws must be enforced and re-
spected at all times, and that in-
dividuals are not allowed the priv-
ilege of abiding by them at their
own discretion. The Diggs Law
says, in effect, that there shall be
no discrimination in barbershops
in the state of Michigan because
of race or color. Because this law
has been violated in Ann Arbor, it
seems that this unwillingness to
abide by the Diggs Law should in-
fluence those opposed to it in hav-
ing it modified or repealed.
I think it is evident that any
attempt to change the law in order
to defeat its purpose, or to repeal
it, would be vigorously opposed by
the majority of the people of the
state of Michigan. Since, obvious-
ly, the Diggs Law will remain one
of the laws of the state of Mich-
igan, people are naive to assume
that their individual freedom will
be guaranteed regardless of the
fact that they do not abide by the
laws. People cannot afford to cbey
one law and disregard another
and continue to maintain that law
is the source of individual free-
By IRVING JAFFE
WASHINGTON-Thanksgiving came two
days late for the Jews wearing our their
lives in the DP camps of Europe and for
those pouring their being into the arid soil
of Palestine's Negev desert to bring life
itself from the earth. Thanksgiving this year
came for them on Saturday, November 29,
when in New York the General Assembly of
the United Nations voted to partition Pal-
estine into Arab and Jewish states, and thus
open the door to an eventual real life for
thousands of Jews, a harsh life, but free
and holding promise of at least partial ful-
fillment of centuries-old hopes.
It was cause for Thanksgiving that, in
the State Department here in Washing-
ton, where career diplomats have long.
been fed on the curdled milk of reaction
and trained in ways of power politics, the
forces of progress and humanity won
out. For, the real issue of success or fail-
ure of the partition balloting was decided
in Washington, where, at the last min-
ute, officials who wanted the U.S. to
use its full influence to swing support of
small nations behind the partition plan
won out over those who, like Loy Hen-
derson of the State Department's Near
Eastdesk, would have killed the planeby
a policy of U.S. apathy.
It was cause for thanksgiving, too that
the votes of these small nations actually
had to be courted. It is distinct progress that
the powerful nations of the world were
forced to worry over how tiny Haiti would
cast her ballot.
It was a cause for thanksgiving that
one of the most urgent problems facing
the UN was decided with the cooperative
backing of both the United States and
Russia. It was something for which to be
grateful that the final difference between
the two nations on the Palestine issue
were smoothed over with the help of Can-
ada and little Guatemala.
Some time ago, on the day the United
States announced its decision to back up the
partition plan, one of the world's great Jew-
ish leaders spoke in Washington. Dr. Abba
Hillel Silver, chairman of the American sec-
tion of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, said
that if the nations of the world could find
a solution to the Palestine issue, the trail
might be blazed toward the kind of whole-
hearted cooperation needed to settle the
problems which threaten to tear the world
New Look for Pag(e Boys
DESPITE the enormous problems that con-
front us these days, it seems a shade
more than trivial to note that the Senate,
a supposedly conservative body, has given
its page boys permission to wear long pants
instead of knickerbockers. Thus the old gives
way to the new, and the page boy be-
comes more nearly indistinguishable from
The Palestine problem is not yet fully
settled. There remain the questions of the
extent to which the Arabs will attempt
to sabotage the plan and the measure of
cooperation forthcoming from the British.
Bupt the fact stands firm and indisputable
that Russia and America have agreed on
a vital issue, that their agreement was fa-
cilitated by the efforts of small nations,
and that the partition plan secured more
than the required two-thirds majority.
And so enough good has come out of the
Palestine decision to keep alive, and maybe
increase a little, the spark of hope that the
world may yet be diverted from the path of
destruction. If ancient Jerusalem in the
year 1947 can become, as Dr. Silver has
envisioned, a symbol for eventual achieve-
ment of real peace on earth and good will
toward men, then there will be cause in-
deed for world-wide thanksgiving.
THE SINGING was better than the music
in the generally satisfactory concert
given last night by the Don Cossack Cho-
Many of the pieces seemed amorphous-
the best illustration being a contrast with
Mozart's music, which always ties up the
loose ends. But the singing of the Chorus
was relaxed and skillful, and increasing fa-
miliarity with the shapelessness of the music
made it very enjoyable.
The "Selection from the Traditional Re-
quiem" arranged by Shvedoff is character-
istic of the Cossacks' repertoire. It goes in
heavily for minor chord progressions, with
the sopranos wailing on the fringe.
Another type of song, equally typical of
the chorus, was the "Bandura," an arrange-
ment of Ukrainian folk songs, which was
much less weird on first hearing than the
more solemn numbers.
The Chorus has a curious mixture of voices
-the tenuous quality of the blues voice
mixed with the basso profundo growl and
the operatic tremolo. This variety proved
useful several times in the program, and
surprisingly, the blending of the group was
Hill Auditorium, long notorious as an
accoustical monstrosity, was far from kind
to the Chorus' tones. But the Cossacks
seemed to be enjoying themselves just the
On the whole, the same can be said for
Publication in The Daily Official;
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 1021
Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 3, 1947
VOL. LVIII, No. 61
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to stu-
dents Wednesday afternoon, Dec.
3, from 4 to 6 o'clock.
University S e nate Meeting:
Monday, Dc. 8, 4:15 p.m., Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
Ten-Week Grades for all Fresh-
man Engineers are due in Dean
Crawford's Office Saturday, Dec.
Veterans: The Veterans Admin-
istration will conduct a subsist-
ence survey on Friday, Dec. 5. All
veterans who have not received
subsistence allowance due them
by that date are asked to report
to their training officer in Rm.
100A, Rackham Bldg.
All Single Freshman Men living
in the Willow Run Dormitories
may apply for Residence Halls
accommodations for the Second
Semester in Rm. 2, University Hall
on December 3, 4, and '5.
Fraternity and sorority presi-
dents are reminded that monthly
membership reports for November
are now due. Reports should be
submitted to the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs, Rm. 2, University
Hall on or before Dec. 5.
Approved social events for the
Alpha Phi Omega, Congrega-
tional Disciples Guild, Delta Sig-
ma Delta, Delta Upsilon, Phi Mu
Alpha, Lambda Chi Alpha, M-
Club, Sigma Alpha Mu, Zeta Ta
Alpha Chi Sigma, Alpha Kappa
Kappa, Alpha Kappa Psi, Alpha
Tau Omega, Chi Phi, Delta Kap-
pa Epsilon, Delta Tau Delta,
Lambda Chi Alpha, Lester Coop-
erative, Phi Alpha Kappa, Phi
Rho Sigma, Prescott House, Psi
Upsilon, Sigma Alpha Mu, Sigma
Chi, Sigma Nu, Theta Delta Chi,
Triangle, Trigon, Tyler House,
West Quadrangle, Zeta Beta Tau
(afternoon and evening), Zeta Psi.
Application Forms for Fellow-
ships and scholarships in the
Graduate School of the University
for the year, 1948-49 may be ob-
tained from the Office of the
Graduate School. Present holders
of appointments who wish to ap-
ply for reappointment should fill
out a renewal blank at this time.
All blanks must be returned to the
Graduate School by February 15.
Bureau of Appointments, 201
City of Detroit Civil Service
Commission announces examina-
tion for position of Playleader,
male or female, on Dec. 30. Filing
period, to December 23.
State of Michigan Civil Service
announcements have been re-t
1. Trade Industrial Education t
Supervisor IV, Salary Range,1
$415-$475. Closing date, Dec. 17.i
2. Institution Dentist III and
IV. Salary Range, $335-$405. Clos-
ing date, Dec. 17.-
For complete information, 'call1
at the Bureau of Appointments,
201 Mason Hall.
Minnesota Mining and Manufac-
turing Company will have a rep-
resentative on Thursday, Dec. 4,
to interview non-technical men
(February graduates) for sales1
positions. For appointments, call1
the Bureau of Appointments, ex-i
University Lecture: "The Time-
Space Copcept in the Work of Pi-
casso" (illustrated). Dr. Paul M.
Laporte, lecturer on Fine Arts. Oli-
vet College; auspices of the Mu-
seum of Art. 4:15 p.m., Wed., Dec.
3, Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Clifford
T. Morgan, Chairman, Depart-
ment of Psychology, Johns Hop-
kins University, will speak on the
subject, "Learning and the Brain,"
at 7:30 p.m., Thurs., Dec. 4, Rack-
ham Amphitheatre; auspices of
the Department of Psychology.
The public is invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Mar-
shall Kay, professor of Geology at
Columbia University will speak on
the subject, "The Growth and De-
velopment of the North American
Continent," Rm. 2054, Natural
Science Bldg., 4 p.m., Thurs., Dec.
La Sociedad Hispanica will pre-
sent a lecture by Sr. Manuel
Guerra entitled "Aguilas y Estrel-
las," 8 p.m. Thurs., Dec. 4, Rm. D,
Alumni Memorial Hall.
Marriage Relations Lecture Se-
ries: The fourth and fifth lecture
in the Marriage Relations Series
will be presented by Dr. Sprague
Gardiner in the Rackham Lecture
Hall, 8 p.m., Wed., Dec. 3, and
Thurs., Dec. 4. Dr. Gardiner will
speak on "The Anatomy and
Physiology of Reproduction"
Wednesday evening, and on "The
Medical Basis for Sane Sex Pra-
tice" Thursday evening. Students
are requested to present their
identification cards at the door in
addition to their tickets.
Business Administration 173.
Property and Liability Insurance.
Midsemester examination, 2 p.m.,
Thursday, Dec. 4, Rm. 25, Angell
Applied Mathematics Seminar:
Wed., Dec. 3, 3 p.m., Rm. 247, W.
Engineering Bldg. Prof. I. Opa-
towski will speak on 2-dimen-
sional compressible flows.
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
Fri., Dec. 5, 3:30 p.m., Rm. 319, W.
Medical Bldg. Subject: "Some
Factors Which Influence Utiliza-
tion of Fat." All interested are in-
Chemistry 234: Students plan-
ning to elect physico-chemical
methods of analysis (instrumenta-
tion) for the spring term shouldt
leave their name with Mr. J. A.
Dean, 328 Chemistry Bldg. The
instructor's permission is required
as laboratory space is limited.
Seminar on Complex Variables:
Thurs., Dec. 4, 3 p.m., Rm. 3010,,
Angell Hall. Prof. Kaplan will
speak on Riemann surfaces asso-
ciated with elliptic functions.
Geometry Seminar: Wed., Dec.
3, 2 p.m., Rm. 3001, Angell Hall.
Dr. Kenneth Leisenring willadi-
cuss "Conics in Reciprocal Geom-
Chamber Music Program: Gil-
bert Ross, Violinist, Oliver Edel,
Cellist, and Joseph Brinkman, Pi-
anist, of the School of Music fac-
ulty, 8:30 p.m., Sun., Dec. 7, Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Plrogram:
Trio in E major, K. 542 by Mo-
zart, Trio in C major, Op. 87 by
Brahms, and Beethoven's Trio in
D major, Op. 70. No. 1. Open to
Museum of Art: AMERICAN
ABSTRACT ARTISTS. Through
December 21. Alumni Memorial
Hall: Daily, except Monday, 10-
12 and 2-5; Sunday 2-5; Wednes-
day evenings, 7-9. The public is
Architecture Building. Ex-
change exhibition of student work
from 'the College of Architecture
of the University of Illinois. Spon-
sored by the student branch of the
Architecture Building. Century
of Photography; from the Muse-
um of Modern Art. Through De-
"Natural History Studies at the
Erwin S. George Reserve, Uni-
versity of Michigan," Museums
Bldg. Rotunda. Through Decem-
Postponement: Students inter-
ested in writing a book for the re-
vival of the Michigan Union
ONLY ONE WHOSE lecture notes are dec-
orated with enigmatic doodles and forms
can truly appreciate abstract art. Being
guilty of such indiscretions I thoroughly en-
joyed many of the 33 canvases in the Amer-
ican Abstract Artists show now in the Uni-
versity Art Gallery.
The pictures have been well chosen with
an eye for diversity. They vary from Er-
nest Trubough's delightful bit of whimsy,
somewhat reminiscent of cave man draw-
ings, "Little Man Eats Big Fish" to the
quiet but magnetic strength of "Indian
Forms" by George L. K. Morris.
An abstract painting must be liked and
enjoyed for ;itself, for its color, for its forms,
not for what it represents. Some compare
this to liking a person because of his char-
acter, for what does anyone represent?
Therefore many of the canvases have
such titles as "Surfaces in Light and
Dark" or "Forms in Equilibrium" to pre-
vent the viewer from reading any incor-
rect literal meaning into them. A painting
such as "Atomic Flight" suffers because
viewing the work one can' neither feel
nor see anything atomic. But A. D. F.
Reinhardt's "Yellow Variation" is com-
pletely successful for one is free to en-
joy the dazzling color and titilating forms
Opera will not meet tonight, as
Varsity Debating: All debaters
are expected to attend the meet-
ing at 7:15 p.m., 4202 Angell Hall.
Sigma Xi: Members of other
Chapters of the So'ciety who are
now associated with the Univer-
sity of Michigan and wish affili-
ation with the local Chapter are
cordially invited to notify the
Secretary, 402 South Wing, Ex-
tension 2535, giving membership
status, year of election, and
Chapter where initiated.
A.S.M.E. field trip to Yellow
Coach Co., Pontiac,' Michigan.
Bus and cars will leave promptly
at 12:30 p.m. outside the main 'n-
trance of E. Engineering Bldg.
Sign up on A.S.M.E. bulletin board
in W. Engi. Bldg.
Chemistry Reception: 8 p.m.,
Rackham Assembly Hall. All
,graduate students and faculty
members in the chemistry depart-
ment are invited.
AVC Meetings: Exec. Commit-
tee, 6:15 p.m., 306 Michigan Un-
ion. Membership, 7:30 p.m., 318-
320 Michigan Union. Prof. W. H.
Maurer, of the Department of
Journalism, will speak on the sub-
ject, "Civil Liberties."
U. of M. Flying Club: Open
meeting, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 1042, E.
Alpha Kappa Psi, Professional
Business Fraternity: Pledge meet-
ing, 8:30 p.m. in Chapter House.
A group picture will be taken.
Ullr Ski Club: 7:30 p.m., Michi-
gan Union. Everyone interested
is invited. Membership will be
Delta Sigma Pi, professiona
Business Administration frater
nity: Business meeting, 8 pM,
Rm. 110, Tappan Hall. Pledges
meet 7:30 p.m. same room.
Student Federalist Study Group
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 244 W,
Engineering Bldg. Topic: "The
Topic for next week: "Contem-
porary European History."
A minimum preparation is re-
IDeutscher Verein: 7:30 p.m.,
Room 319, Michigan Union. Dr.
Bernard, of the Department of
Why are all the lights on, Barnaby, in
1i wos'a robot in Ellen! There arej
John, look of this! Two of the push.