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November 29, 1947 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-11-29

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SNOW FLURRIES;
CONTINUED COLD

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LVIII, N .58 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOV. 29, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Cabinet Asks
Extra Power
Over Strikes
Galls Parliamienti
Bly TIhe Associate'd Press
PARIS, Saturday, Nov. 29--
Premier Robert Schuman's Cab-
inet summoned Parliament to
meet at 1:30 a.m. (3:30 a.m., Cen-
tral Standard Time) today to act
upon its demands for extraordi-
nary powers to cope with spread-
ing strikes.
The Cabinet held a three-hour
emergency meeting last night af-
ter the Premier had fired 66 police
commissioners and called 80,000
troops back to the army in the
midst of a strike of 2,000,000 to
4,000,000 men in 20 national un-
ions, including railwaymen.
Cabinet Demands
The demands the Cabinet,
agreed upon were not disclosed of-
ficially, but they were understood
to include authorization to (1)
mobilize certain public service
workers; (2) take stern measures.
against sabotage, particularly of
railroads, post offices, communi-
cations and electric light plants,
and (3) deal strictly with civil
servants and employes of the na-
tionalized railroads judged guilty
of breaking discipline.
There was a possibility also, a
parliamentary source said, th at
the National Assembly might be
asked to limit the right to strike.
Other Proposals
The Cabinet also decided to
meet tomorrow to vote on pro-
posals for reclassification of civil
servants-a measure that would
in many cases result in pay rises
intended to satisfy the strikers'
demands.
Minister of Commerce and In-
dustry Robert Lacoste, in a radio
broadcast, asked coal miners to
k return to work. He cited critical
needs for fuel for homes and in-
dustries.
Meanwhile, a split widened in
the general confederation of labor
between Communists and anti-
Communists over the strike move-
ment, which was getting a stran-
h glehold on the French economy.
Gen. LeClerc,
French Hero,
Killed in Crash
1 PARIS, Nov. 28-(P)-Gen. Le-
clerc, the hero of the march from
Lake Chad and the man who led
French troops back into Paris, has
been killed in an airplane crash
in Africa, the Air Ministry an-
nounced tonight.
The 46-year-old expert in ar-
mored warfare died in the Sahara
Desert where he first gained fame
in World War II. Air secretary
Andre Maroselli said the accident
occurred '20 miles from Colomb-
Bechar near the Algeria-Morocco
border. It was understood that all
the 12 persons aboard the plane
were burned to death. Just when
the crash occurred was not an-
nounced.
Leclerc, inspector general of all
French North African forces, fig-
ured in a series of dramatic ex-
ploits during the war, emerging
as one of France's greatest heroes.
A member of an old and aristo-
cratic French family, the General
assumed the name Leclerc during
the war to shield his wife and six

children in German - occupied
France from reprisals. His real
name was Count Philippe de
Hauteclocque.
The slight, fair haired Leclerc
firmly established his military
reputation when he led a Free
French Force on an epic march of
almost 2,000 miles from Fort
Lamy in the Lake Chad region of
French Equitorial Africa to Trip-
oli and a junction on Jan. 23, 1943
with Field Marshal Lord Mont-
gomery's British Eighth Army.
Later, with large-scale Ameri-
can participation, the campaign,
of which this march. across the
Sahara was a part, resulted in the
expulsion of the Germans and
Italians from North Africa.
Holiday Deaths
Reported Heavy
At least 123 violent deaths were

Turkey-Stuffed Students
Reluctantly Face Classes
Iager Reavews With LongWeary- aes
Tr'iige To lass 'Through Snow and ice

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By HAROLD JACKSON
Discords and sour notes were universal yesterday as only the
valiant returned to face the University's academic music.
Since attendance is not "required," officials wouldn't venture a
guess at how many students dropped in on their post Thanksgiving
classes, but the campus grapevine estimated it at a tired 65 per cent.
Faithful Return
The return of the faithful began late Thursday afternoon and
continued all night. Long and lifeless faces supported by upturned
coat collars were visible everywhere as students with eight o'clocks
-tramped through the chilly dawn
with the ringing exuberance of a
Georgia chain gang.
A sharp biting wind was na-
ture's reward for devotion to
rrm higher learning and all morning
long she bounced stinging pow-
Sw me (e dery snow off pale faces and red
noses. Great inky overshoes
slogged through slushy sidewalks
listrlibution System and from four to six feet above
P. S sathem chins were high but spirits
Proves Satisfactory low.
Bleary-Eyed Watch
With the Dec. 1 deadline draw- In classrooms, turkey-stuffed
ing near, 750 University students, carcasses were eased tenderly
faculty and staff members have down on harddbenches.Bleary
already applied for Rose Bowl eyes watched dully as vitamin-
tickets. packed instructors alertly checked
Ticket Manager Don Weir said the roll and knifed smart "ah-
his office was swamped with stu- ha's" at yawning, empty seats.
dent and faculty applications Most students agreed that the.
Wednesday and yesterday. How- tattered threadsof education
ever, Weir believes that the ma- weren't picked up too successfully
jority of those planning to make yesterday. Only a token grab at
the Pasadena trek are taken care them was apparently made by
of, with only a thin trickle of many, for by nightfall Ann Arbor's
applications expected today and outskirt roads were again clogged
Monday. with students heading back "over
Nondrpey. eithe hill"-and back to that half-
No Gripes Received finished turkey.
Applications. which came most- _

Taft Wary of
Plan To Curb
Risig Priees
Questions 'ood
Faith' of Scheme
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28-Sen.
Taft (Rep., Ohio) today chal-
lenged the Administration's "good
faith" in asking "limited" eco-
nomic control powers, while two
high Administration officials dis-
agreed on the best way to curb
inflationary bank loans.
Taft took issue with Secretary
of Commerce Harriman's testi-
mony before the Senate-House
Economic Committee that only
"limited" authority was being
sought by President Truman to
control and allocate scarce goods
and commodities with the view to
halting the rising cost of living.
Blanket Authority
The Ohio senator contended
that what was really being sought
was blanket "100 per cent au-
thority."
"I don't think your proposals
are in good faith," he said.
Harriman replied that there is
a difference between the Truman
plan for "standby" power and the
100 per cent authority Taft men-
tioned.
Harriman told' the Committee
the overall aim was to channel
scarce supplies into the most es-
sential uses. He mentioned meats,
steel and hunber as major fields
wherein he "hoped" lower prices
would result.
Snyder Disagrees

BEFORE THE STORM-British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin
shakes hands with Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov, before assail-
ing Russia in a turbulent session of the Four Power Conference
yesterday, in which he warned that the western powers may take
independent action if the parley failed to agree on Germany's
future.
KARPINSKI OBSERVES:
Relief Shipments to Europe
Boost U.S. Populari-ty Abroad

Powers May

Act

SeparatelyIf Big
Four Parley Fails
Bevin Asserts Need To Avert Chaos
As Disagreement Mounts in London
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 28-British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin
warned Russia tonight that the Western Powers possibly would act
on their own to save Germany and Europe from "chaos" if the Big
Four failed to agree on Germany's future.
The warning came during a session of the Foreign Ministers
Conference marked mainly by confusion and disagreements, inform-
ants said. Bevin, the sources added, looked straight at impassive Soviet
Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov and asked:
Says Cannot "Continue in Chaos"
"Are we going to leave Europe in chaos? Is chaos our objective?
If it is we had better know now.
If a settlement is to be blocked
every time we try, I say we cannot Reuther's Men
go on forever with chaos in Europe
as it is now." Take Major
Bevin asked the questions after
Molotov blocked agreement on Y '~'
settingup a border commission to UAW Ofices
examine territorial claims on Ger-
many and a proposal to allow eco-
nomic integration of the Saar with Bannon To Succeed
France.
British Plan Leonard in Ford Post
Molotov then charged that even E OI,,Nv28-()Tb
before theConference started DETROIT, Nov. 2-. nThe
Britain had a plan to set up a dominant forces of President Wal-
western German government. He teo P. Reuther scored an almost
then asked that the Four Powers complete monopoly of major ap-
condemn the setting up of any pointments as the CIO United
"segment" German government in Auto Workers held its first post-
place of the central administra- convention Executive Board Meet.,
tion desired by the Soviet Union. ingutoday.
Reuther himself retained direc-
Bevin denied Molotov's charge tion of the Union's big General
but added: Motors Department and Kenneth
"While the British government Bannon, a Reuther supporter, was
has come to no conclusion and named to succeed former Vice
indeed has even refused to come President Richard T. Leonard as
to a conclusion or even to assume the UAW's National Ford Direc-
this conference will break down, tor. Bannon is President of Ford
I am not in a position to commit Local 400 in suburban Highland
either the government or the peo- Park.
ple as to what might have to be Chrysler Director
done in the event of Big Four fail- Norman Matthews, another
ure to agree. Reuther man, was re-elected Na-
Denies Soviet Charge tional Chrysler Director to round
"If in the end peace is denied, out the Union leadership in the
then surely you cannot at this auto industry's "big three" fac-
stage ask us to stand still with tories.
Europe in chaos and not do any- Leonard, defeated for re-elec-
thing at all." tion along with other anti-Reu-
The exchange on the creation therites at the recent UAW con-
o a German government in the vention in Atlantic City, N.J., had
occupation zones of the western- been Ford Director since the Un-
powers came, the informants said, ion's first contract with the Ford
as Molotov hammered on his fa- Motor Co. was signed in June,
miliar theme "that the western 1941. He plans to return to his
powers want a partitioned Ger- former job as a machine operator
many." in the Chrysler DeSoto plant here

ly from students, are slightly over
Weir's initial estimate of between
five and six hundred.
He reported that no gripes have
been received from students and
faculty members on the duaca dis-
tribution system. Most applicants
seemed satisfied with the method
and the distribution is going
smoothly, according to Weir.
Allocation Procedure
The student-faculty allocation
procedure was suggested by Bob
Chappuis and Pete Elliot, student
members of the Board in Control
of Athletics. Applicants are given
a receipt here which is to be pre-
sented along with a University
identification card on the West
Coast prior to game time in order
to pick up the pasteboards.
When the University phase of
the distribution system closes
applications by Alumni and the
general .public will be considered.
Truman Calls
For Training
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28-(A')-
President Truman, calling again
for universal training legislation,
said today this nation is deter-
mined to remain strong as it pur-
sues its policy of peace and free-
dom.
Speaking first to a crowd in
Union Station after a 30 minute
inspection of historic documents
aboard the "Freedom Train," he
said he wished all the people of
the world could see them and
know "what we are fighting for
now-world peace."
Later addressing a group of,
champion recruiters of the Na-
tional Guard, Mr. Truman said he
would send Congress in January
another message calling for uni-
versal training legislation. He
urged them to work among their
Congressmen and Senators in be-
half of its passage.

'Mobs Protest
Transfer of
Milan Prefect
ROME, Nov. 28-(P)-Demon-
strators in Milan were reported
gathering again tonight around
the Prefecture, besieged earlier by
9,000 partisans protesting the
transfer of leftist Prefect Ettore
Troilo.
Late today a dispatch from the
northern industrial city, Italy's
second largest, had reported the
crowd drifting away from the Pre-
fecture, government building of
Milan Province.
Crowd Returns
But a later dispatch said the
crowd was back and had grown by
4,000 in an hour as truckloads of
demonstrators arrived amid a light
snowfall. Partisans wearing red
neckerchiefs were reported promi-
nent. Sixty-odd Carabinieri, Na-
tional policemen, were stationed
at the Prefecture, and troops
stood by.
Streets were blocked by barri-
cades erected by the demonstra-
tors, who also had maintained
picket lines around the Prefecture
part of the day.
Day-Long Protest
A "citizens' committee" claim-
ing to speak for the demonstrators
kept representatives in the Pre-
fecture throughout the day, along
with Prefect Troilo and Gen.
Manlio Capizzi, commander of the
Milan Army Garrison, the dis-
patch said.
Under Secretary of the Interior
Achille Narazza, forced down by
bad weather at Florence on a
flight from Rome, arrived in Mi-
lan by train. The Prefect and the
general met him. A spokesman
for a "committee of agitation" of
the "citizens' committee" said it
would participate in the talks with
Narazza.

Secretary of Treasury Snyder
told the Committee he disagreed
with the proposal of Federal Re-
serve Board Chairman Marriner
Eccles that banks be required to
set aside special reserves. Eccles,
in making the proposal last week,
asserted the special reserves would
cut down the amount of money
banks can lend and thus be anti-
inflationary.
Snyder said he believes the best
way to reduce the banks' lending
ability is to keep tax revenues
higher than government spending
and use the' surplus to pay off
government securities owned by
banks.
Taft Hits Past
ForeignPolicy
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28-V)-
A charge that Roosevelt-Truman
policies bred economic chaos in
Europe and led to demands for
billions in American aid was made
today by Senator Taft (Rep.,
Ohio) as the $597,000,000 (Mil-
lions) winter relief bill encoun-
tered a delay.
Taft, while announcing that he
would vote for the bill, told the
Senate that the Executive branch
of the government let the Rus-
sians build themselves up as a
strong power in eastern Europe,
and gave them the opportunity
to prevent the recovery of western
Europe.
He also declared that the Mor-
genthau Plan for reducing Ger-
many to an agricultural state
dealt a severe blow to Europe's
economy.
World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
HELSINKI, Finland, Nov. 28-
More than 40,000 Finnish Govern-
ment employes called off their
strike today after Premier Mauno
Pekkala's cabinet reportedly made
plans to conscript the strikers into
the army.
LONDON, Nov. 28 - Sir Os-
wald Mosley, the British Fascist
leader, announced today the
formation of a political group
called the Union Movement
which he said "will be frankly
anti-semitic."
* * *
NANKING, Nov. 28 - Because
Chinese voters elected their
own write-in choices in last
week's National Assembly election,
instead of nominees prearranged

By FRED SCHOTT
America's popularity in Europe
is zooming because of our gener-
ous relief shipments, according to
a former University mathematics
professor, Louis C. Karpinski, who
has just returned to Ann Arbor
after a trip abroad.
Karpinski . originally went to
Europe to attend the Interna-
tional Congress of the History of
Science at Lusanne, Switzerland.
On his way back, however, he
made visits to France, Holland,
Belgium and Luxembourg.
Wherever he went, he found the
population genuinely thankful for
U. S. help.
Met American
'n Holland, for example, he re-
called meeting an American of
Dutch descent from New Jersey
who had saved enough money, to
visit his native country.
"Before he left America, he and
his children and their church had
sent tons of food to Holland,"
Karpinski said. "When I met him,
he had been in Holland five
months, and all of that time he
was entertained and showered
with gifts by Dutch families. They
looked upon him as their rescuer."
Americans were generally liked
in Europe. Karpinski found. More
than a few people on the street
came up to him and said, "Ameri-
can, we thank you."
No Longer Joke
The newspapers, and the popu-
lation, in all the countries he vis-
ited, no longer joke about Ameri-

cans in the same old way, he ob-
served. They've forgotten about
the "Almighty dollar," he said.
In France, he found a Prof.
Chamard, of the Sorbonne, who
taught in Ann Arbor about 20
years ago. "He had received pack-
ages from all over the United
States," he said.
But Chamard and his country-
men need more aid immediately,
Karpinski asserted. "They need
white flour and milk products
most urgently-after that, food-
stuffs of all kinds."
Karpinski said the food is need-
ed independent of any political
considerations. We ought to send
it as a "humanitarian" gesture, he
thinks: "the need is the thing -
it should be the greatest consid-
eration."
House Hearing
Of War Frauds
To Begin Soon
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28-P)-
Several more wartime purchasing
officers of the Armed Forces will
be called, upon to explain their
relations with contractors who
made large profits, members of
a hnuse Committee indicated to-
day after a long hunt for war
frauds.
Chairman Bender (R.-Ohio) of
the House Expenditures Subcom-
mittee, which has been digging
into war transactions for several
months, said he is "ready to do"
on certain cases involving plane
contracts.
Bender told a reporter that the
subcommittee is "not out hunting
headlines." Nevertheless, he pre-
dicted that the results of its in-
quiry will compare favorably with
those of the Senate War Inves-
tigating Subcommittee which un-
earthed the secret wartime deal-
ings of Maj. Gen. Bennett E. Mey-
ers, Air Force Procurement Offi-
cer.
Naming no names, Bender said
that investigators have been ex-
amining the relations of several
wartime purchasing officers with
manufacturers who later were list-
ed as having been greatly overpaid
by the government. He said the
committee will try to find out
whether any of the officers were
cut in on the contracts.
A report from the General Ac-
countinf Office, turned over to
Congress early this year, is the
foundation for the Bender Com-
mittee's inquiry. The accounting
Office report said that some of
the Army and Navy officers who
handled war contracts since have
been hired by the manufacturers
whose contracts they renegotiated.

Laborites Win
By-Elections
Two Year Record
Remains Unbroken
LONDON, Nov. 28- (A') - The
Labor Government's record of re-
taining every one of its House of
Commons seats at stake in by-
elections since 1945 remained un-
broken today despite recent up-
sets in municipal contests.
Vote counters reported a Labor
victory in East Edinburgh yester-
day, while Conservatives rolled up
a big majority in the by-election
at Howdenshire and retained the
seat vacated by a retiring Tory
member of Parliament.
Laborite John Whealtey, Lord
Advocate in Prime Minister At-
tlee's Government, won the East
Edinburgh seat vacated by the
previous Labor M.P.
The East Edinburgh eleation
was the 22nd by-election victory
for labor since the 1945 general
election landslide. Conservatives
have retained their eight con-
servative seats at strike and won
three seats formerly held by inde-
pendents.

France Delays
Palestine Vote
Both U.S. and Russia
Oppose Adjournment
NEW YORK, Nov. 28-(M)-A
surprise compromise move by
France today put off for at least
24 hours a final showdown vote
in the United Nations Assembly
on the so-called Soviet-American
plan to partition Palestine into
Jewish and Arabic countries.
The Assembly voted 25 to 15 on
the simple question of adjourning
for 24 hours.
The turn in the situation. came
after several delegates including
the Assembly President predicted
off the floor that the partition
plan would be approved with one
or two votes to spare.
Chief U.S. Delegate, Warren R.
Austin, who had voted against the
24-hour delay, commented: "It
will not diminish the prospect of
the majority report (the partition
plan) being accepted."
One highly-placed UN official,
however, said that the adjourn-
ment made postponement of the
whole problem until next year
much more likely.
The Soviet Union sided with the
U.S. in voting against adjourn-
ment. The vote was taken on a
show of hands.
A motion for adjournment takes
precedence over all other business,
must be voted on promptly, and
requires only a simple majority
for adoption.

Dec. 1. '
Win 18 Posts
The 22-man executive board,
holding its first regular meeting
since Reuther supporters won 18
of the posts, also revised the Un-
ion's top policy committee, which
runs its affairs between meetings.
Named to the committee which
often directs strike strategy were
the four top officers-Reuther,
Secretary-Treasurer Emil Mazey
and Vice Presidents Richard Gos-
ser and John Livingston-and the
following Board members:
Matthews: Joseph McCusker,
Detroit; George Burt, Canadian
Regional Director; Richard Reis-
inger, Cleveland, and Leonard
Woodcock, Muskegon, Mich. Reis-
inger and Burt are two of the four
anti-Reuther board members.
Movie Studio
Fires Writer
Thomas Committee
Blamed by Lardner
HOLLYWOOD, Nov. 28-(M--
Writer Ring Lardner, Jr., one of
10 film figures cited by the Thom-
as Un-American Activities Com-
mitee for contempt in refusing to
testify whether he is a member
of the Communist party, was dis-
missed today by 20th Century-
Fox.
The action was in line with a
decision of movie executives in
New York earlier in the week.
Lardner issued this statement:
"I have been informed that the
studio will not continue to pay
me beyond today, but so far they
have not given me the grounds
for this action. But I naturally
suspect that the Thomas Commit-
tee blackmail operations have
something to do with it."

LIFE AND DEATH:
Private Collection of Taboos
Guides Don Cossack Chorus

Performances of the Don Cos-
sack Chorus are life and death af-
fairs.
At least that's the way the sing-
ers feel-and with sound reason.
It is a universal belief among
the giant Cossacks who will
present the third in the Extra
Concert Series at 8:30 p.m. Tues-
day at Hill Auditorium, that "So
long as a Cossack sings in the

the Cossacks have a pack of ta-
boos all their own. 1
If a cat (any color will do)
crosses their path on the way to
a performance, the effect is not
merely bad luck. The cat simply
portends the loss of their voices
during the concert.
Cossack Tenor
And one of the Cossack tenors,
althougl no one quite knows why,
is mysteriously compelled to be

DOCUMENTARY BASIS:

Pauil Rnhesn Feuairmc i'Native, ILand'

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