THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TflUSDAY, NflV WRM A ' k'1
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irfty-Eigan e il
ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
The Great Reality
Letters to the Editor...
Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
versity of Michigan under the authority of the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
John Campbell ...................Managing Editor
Nancy Helmick ...................General Manager
Clyde Recht ..........................City Editor
Jeanne 8wendeman......... Advertising Manager
Stuart Finlayson ...............Editorial Director
Edwin Schneider...............Finance Manager
Lida Dailes .......................Associate Editor
Eunice Mintz...................Associate Editor
Dick Kraus .......................Sports Editor
Bob Lent .................Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson ...".................Women's Editor
Betty Steward ..........Associate Women's Editor
Joan de Carvajal ..................Library Director
Melvin Tick ..................Circulation Manager
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Mich-
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Subscription during the regular school year by
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Member, Assoc. Collegiate Press, 1947-48
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JOAN KATZ
No ONE is getting very excited, but the
governmetnt loyalty purges are gradually
turning into a totalitarian tragedy.
Robert A. Lovett, Acting Secretary of
:.State, has just refused the appeals of
seven State Department employes, sum-
marily discharged last June as bad secur-
ity risks, without benefit of hearings.
These seven men have not been per-
mitted to resign without prejudice; they are
forced to carry the disloyalty discharge taint.
This despite the fact that all have sworn
in affidavits that they are loyal Americans,
and have denied both general and vague
accusations of association "directly or in-
directly" with representatives of foreign
These men have asked what charges
there are against them. Mr. Lovett's an-
swer: These charges are based on "evi-
dence which the department is not able to
disclose for reasons of national security."
With the stigma of government disloyalty
discharge upon them the former employes
wonder how they will find other suitable
Mr. Lovett: We have already considered
this case sufficiently; go to the Civil Serv-
ice Board to discover if you may be eligible
for other government employment some
Attorneys for the men presented a long
list of substantiating evidence for the men's
Mr. Love tt: I must refuse the request.
The attorneys pleaded: "The procedure
followed is tragically analagous to the tac-
tics employed in the police states domi-
nated by Communists and fascists."
"This government is sponsoring the "Free-
dom Train' . . . on which there is under
guard the Bill of Rights . . . to prevent its
physical defacement. But in the cases of
individuals whom we represent, its meaning
and spirit have been summarily defamed."
"Not only the personal welfare of these
employes, but the integrity of this govern-
ment is in issue."
Mr. Lovett: The department expresses its
NOW that the hysterical ravings of the
Hollywood investigation have subsided
it might be well to point out that had the
Committee on Un-American Activities made
a conscientious effort it would have had
little difficulty in uncovering un-American
activities in movies. Mr. Thomas was merely
looking in the wrong direction.
Any investigation of Hollywood will re-
veal an alarming and undiminishing ten-
dency to stereotype racial groups, particu-
larly the Negro. If American life were to
be judged by movies (as it often is) re-
putedly portraying it, one's conception of
the Negro's place in society would be lim-
ited by the unfortunate picture repre-
sented by the movies. Yet, it is ridiculous
(not to say fascistic) to suppose that Ne-
--- - - - 2I.. .
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
jT LOOKS as if the British middle class is
going conservative again, like the Amer-
ican middle class and the French middle
class. A year ago the American middle class,
shivering slightly in a changing world, said
its last good-bye to Roosevelt, and returned
a Republican Congress. A few weeks ago the
French middle class swung heavily to de
Gaulle in the municipal elections, and now
the British middle class has given the Con-
servatives a large victory, also in municipal
I don't believe labor has changed its
politics much in any of these countries.
The big change has taken place in those.
middle class"areas in which, at certain
moments of despair, or of idealism, a left-
of-center man has been able to pick up a
couple of votes. The big Conservative vic-
tories in England took place in "shaky"
districts, usually Conservative anyhow.
These, temporarily weaned away by the
problems (and the hopes) of the war
period, have cut and run for home.
To take first things first: What effect
kat the 4. ...
0About die Gaulle
THE "MAN ON HORSEBACK" rode back
into the political limelight last week.
General de Gaulle and his "Men of Good
Will" were forces to be contended with on
the eve of the most crucial economic and
political crisis in French history.
De Gaulle's six-month old Rally of the
French People professed, as its chief plank,,
a strong anti-Communism. On the positive
side, it sought Constitutional revision to
provide for a strong executive, a job which
de Gaulle presumably seeks. The lanky
leader of French wartime resistance pro-
posed, that the economy be organized into a
"system of associations," which seemed to
resemble Mussolini's "corporate state."
Premier Ramadier and his middle-ground
Socialists narrowly held on to power, though
pressures were mo'unting from both de
Gaulle's extreme Rightists and the Commu-
nists at the other end. The Marshall Plan,
France's economic health, and European
recovery were in the balance.
We've compiled here a few press interpre-
tations of de Gaullism, what it stands for,
and what it will mean in the coming months.
* * *
THE MODERN REVIEW, a new journal of
opinion, cites the danger inherent in
the philosophy of de Gaulle. "De Gaulle is
the representative of . . . a neo-nationalism
which might insure the independence of
France, but which could not help but ac-
celerate . . . the decline of European civili-
The article notes that "Gaullism,
measures every economic, social and political
disposiiton according to its utility in the pur-
suance of national power politics." The
General has come out against economic in-
terests (including labor unions) which divide
the French into competing groups. "In order
to represent the national interest, the
government should in no case be exposed to
the pressure of particular interests." The
Review states. To the mass of the French
people De Gaulle offers unity-at the price
of bypassing moderate interests."
* * *
SIDNEY KELLER, of the New York Her-
ald-Tribune's Paris staff, reports that
General de Gaulle, currently feared by most
French labor leaders as a reactionary, is
planning to give Cabinet rank to the head of
the nation's largest labor union.
The leader of the General Trade Federa-.
tion and his chiefs, according to Keller,
would be required to prevent the use of the
strike as a political weapon against gov-
ernment policy," a tactic which the present
leaders have employed in the last six months
to support Communist Party demands on
In its general outline, Keller goes on, "de
Gaulle's plan resembles the system of trade
union representation now used in the Soviet
Union and in the corporate state form ...
* * 7,
T HE DETROIT NEWS calls Washington's
fear of de Gaulle's purposes unfounded
and unfair. "The Washington reports, while
probably not meant to do so, have the ef-
fect of belittling a Frenchman who stands
for democratic government exactly as it ex-
ists in the United States, says the News.
De Gaulle's stand on a strong executive
and his refusal to compromise by having
either Communists or Socialists (represent-
ing together more of popular vote than he
does) on his cabinet is commended by the
News. "What would we in America think
if our president had to have a cabinet con-
taining key members thrust upon him by
political groups in Congress? De Gaulle's
refusal to be a figurehead president en-
* * *
HAROLD. CALLENDER, Paris correspon-
dent for the New York Times, compares
the French crisis with that faced by the
-~ I --- no -
will this rightward western shift have on
the great question of peace or war? One
might imagine that western conservative
opinion would be reassured by this new
pattern, and would be a little less nervous
from now on about the chances that the
whole world might go Communist.
But it doesn't work that way. Conserv-
ative opinion is never reassured for more
than ten minutes at a time, and its ap-
petite for more and more reassurance
is insatiable. The campaign against radical
and leftist thinking in America became
much more violent after the Republican
Congress was elected than it had been
before. Tension between ourselves and
Russia increased, too, rather than died
The rightward drift in the west seems
much more likely to speed the mobilization
of the world into two hostile camps, than
to have the effect of reassuring conserva-
tive opinion, by convincing it it has an
acre which is its own.
One wonders how big a part Russian
sullenness has played in producing the
rightward Western shift. It is possible it has
played a great part. The Russians will now,
of course, use the political manifestations
thus produced, with their help, as proof that
the West is basically, irreconcilably rightist,
though the Western tendencies of just a
few years ago show that that is not a
sound estimation. Exact responsibilities in
this field will have to be assessed later.
The big thing to notice now is the dis-
torting impact which the quarrel between
Russia and the West has on the internal
life of all countries, how it has helped
to shatter our own liberal reform mood,
as well as Britain's socialist one. The dis-
torting impact can be seen in Russia,
too, where 25,000,000 or some such num-
ber of young Russians have just drawn
up a "letter" to Stalin, telling of their
willingness to fight in defense of Russia,
when they might have been better occu-
pied gathering borscht seeds, or what-
Until that quarrel is resolved, and peace
is made, it is folly for any part of the
world to expect normal evolutionary prog-
ress in solving its problems. That quarrel
is the great reality of our time, crushing
every lesser trend under its giantweight.
(Copyright, 1947, N.. Post Syndicate)
By JOSEPH ALSOP
PRAGUE-In contrast to the rest of Eu-
rope, the surface of life here is wonder-
fully bustling and prosperous. Prague's ba-
roque palaces and modern suburbs could still
do with a lick of paint. But the shops are
full of goods. The streets are jammed with
traffic. And the people are downright fat.
Beneath this happy surface, however,
an ominous and tragic fact is only half
concealed. Czechoslovakia is in the grip
of a creeping terror. Within a few months,
unless drastic counter-measures are taken,
the iron curtain will clank down with fi-
nality. The terror, now creeping under-
ground, will be open and unashamed.
Czechoslovakia will know the fate of Hun-
gary, of Poland, of Romania and Bul-
Long ago, the Communists made their
preparations for the event that is now oc-
curring. At the head of the army, they
placed General Svoboda, commander of the
Czechoslovak corps in Russia during the war,
rumored holder of a party card, and in any
case, a man who knows which side of his
bread is buttered. Almost without excep-
tion, he has passed over Western-experienced
Czech officers and promoted those who have
Russian associations. Above all, the army's
counter-intelligence corps, which is really a
secret service, has come under the domina-
tion of Communists or men who will do
The army is infiltrated and neutralized.
The Information Ministry is overtly in
Communist hands, is ready to blare prop-
aganda through Soviet-style loudspeak-
ers in every town. Most decisive of all,
the Ministry of the Interior, headed by the
Communist Nosek, has transformed all
branches of the national police into service
organizations of the party. With complete
control of the labor unions, and a con-
siderable number of armed partisans, the
Communists thus hold all the trumps for
any game of coup d'etat.
The atmosphere of terror is already tang-
ible. Already leading non-Communist Czechs
are known to be considering flight. And this
is only the beginning of the story. All com-
petent authorities here, foreign and Czech,
have privately agreed that the end will
come with the open suppression of Czecho-
slovakia's hardy re-won independence, un-
less those who love their liberties act in
the interval in self-defense. They must do
so before next spring, the time of the elec-
tions for which the present terror is intended
(Copyright, 1947, New York Herald Tribune)
Cj r. 147 by UntedFeat y e e c.
"He's our new specialist in charge of dirty names for Truman and
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 1021
Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
THURSDAY, NOV. 6, 1947
VOL. LVIII, No. 39
University Senate Meeting: Mon-
day, Dec. 8, 4:15 p.m., Rackham
Medical Aptitude Examination:
All applicants for admission to
medical schools, who wish to be
admitted during 1948 and who did
not talie the Medical Aptitude Ex-
amination on Saturday, Oct. 25,
1947, must take the examination
on Monday, Feb. 2, 1948. The ex-
amination will not be given again
before the Fall semester. In order
to be admitted to the examination.
candidates must fulfill the follow-
1. Candidates must register for
the examination before Saturday.
Nov. 15, Rm. 110, Rackham Bldg.
2. Candidates must bring to
the examination a check or money
order. for five dollars payable to
The Graduate Record Office. No
candidate will be admitted to the
Examination unless he pays his fee
in this way. Cash will not be ac-
Ca idatca who register will be-
gin the examrination at 8:30 a.nm.,
Monday, Feb. 2, 1948, Rackham
Lecture Hall. The examination will
be divided into two sessions and
will take all day.
Inquiries should be addressed to
The Chief Examiner Bureau of
Psychological Services (Ext. 2297).
School of Education Testing Pro-
gram: Students who took the tests
Thursday, Oct. 16, may obtain the
results in Rm. 1439, U.E.S., Friday,
9 a.m.-12 noon and Saturday, 10
a.m.-12 noon. An explanatory
manual is available for each stu-
dent.iConsultation can be arrang-
ed with education staff members
or with the personnel officer if the
student so wishes.
Note: The counseling question-
naire must be returned before the
scores can be obtained.
The annual Principal-Freshman
Conference will take place on
Thursday, Nov. 13. Instructors of
classes which include freshmen
are requested not to schedule
bluebooks for the morning of Nov.
13 in order that freshmen may be
available for conferences with
their high school principals.
Pre-Football guest luncheons from
11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. and after
game open houses from 5 to 7 p.m.
held in organized student resi-
dences will be approved chaperon-
ed or unchaperoned provided they
are announced to the Office of
Student Affairs at least one day in
advance of the scheduled date.
Seniors: College of L. S. & A.
and Schools of Education, Music,
and Public Health:
Tentative lists of seniors for
February graduation have been
posted on the bulletin board in
Room 4 University Hall. If your
name is misspelled or the degree
expected incorrect, please notify
the Counter Clerk.
Application for Admission to
the Graduate School for the Sec-
ond Semester: Students in other
schools and colleges who will
graduate, and who may wish to
enter the Gradate School the
second semester, must submit
by December 15 in orderto"be
given consideration. The crowded
condition in the University has
placed limitations upon the num-
ber that may be admitted.
Junior and Senior men, who are
single, veterans, residents of the
State of Michigan, presently living
in the Willow Run Dormitories,
and interested in University Resi-
dence Halls accommodations for
the Spring Semester 1948 are
asked to call at the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs, Room 2, University
Hall before November 8.
University Lecture. "Human De-
velopment in its Earliest Stages"
(illustrated). Dr. ARTHUR T.
HERTIG, Pathologist and Visit-
ing Obstetrician to outpatients,
Boston Lying-in Hospital, Assist-
ant Professor of Pathology and of
Obstetrics, Harvard Medical
School, and Pathologist, Free Hos-
pital for Women, Brookline; aus-
pices of the Department of Anat-
omy. 4:15 p.m., Fri., Nov. 7, Nat-
ural Science Auditorium.
History 11, Lecture Section 2:
Midsemester examination, 3 p.m.,
Thurs., Nov. 6. Heideman's and
Slosson's sections in Rm. 25, An-
gell Hall; Dudden's, Hochlowski's,
McLarty's and Molod's in Natural
Astronomical Colloquium: Nov.
7; 4 p.m., Observatory.
Dr. _Keith Pierce will speak on
the subject, "Photographic and
Photoelectric Determination of
Chemistry 55-169E: Students in
in the second half of the accelera-
ted laboratory program will report
as follows for assignment to desks
and for a preliminary discussion.
Section D-M,W,F - Monday,
Nov. 10, 1 p.m., Rm. 400.
Section E-T. Th - Thursday,
Nov. 13, 1 p.m., Rm. 151.
Seminar on Complex Variables:
Thurs., Nov. 6, 3 p.m., Rm. 3017,
Angell Hall. Mr. Wend will speak
on the Theta functions.
Physical Chemistry Seminar:
Thurs., Nov. 6, 4:15 p.m., Rm. 303,
Chemistry Bldg. Dr. Lothar Meyer
will speak on "Thermo-Mechani-
cal Effect in Helium II."
All interested are invited.
String Orchestra, under the di-
rection of Gilbert Ross, will pre-
sent a program of 17th and 18th
century music at 8:30 p.m., Tues.,
Nov. 11, Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre. Norma Swinney Heyde, so-
prano, and Oliver Edel, cellist, will
appear as soloists. The concert
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which is signed, 300 words
or less in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views
expressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
To the Editor:
WHAT a sad commentary on the
state of student enthusiasm,
when out of a student body of 20,-
000 plus, less than one-tenth of
one per cent (about 20, for those
of you who don't have a slide rule
handy) are able to drag them-
selves out of bed a little early and
get down to the station to wel-
come YOUR victorious team!
Granted, many of you have legi-
timate excuses, but 'not 19,980 of
you! Sure, you think it's a fine
idea to welcome the team; but let
someone else do it, it's too much
trouble for YOU to get down to
the station by 9:30.
You didn't know what time they
were arriving? What's wrong with
phoning the station, that's how we
found out. Or is that too much
trouble too? Maybe we consider
ourselves so sophisticated that a
little display of pep is beneath our
collective dignities, hmmm?
We've seen other schools (we're
transfers) much smaller than
Michigan where the turnout and
enthusiasm puts our to shame. Of
course, their teams weren't as con-
sistent winners as ours; they ap-
preciated their victories - and
To the team, we would like to
raise our small voices in a rousing
"HAIL" for having done such a
swell job in spite of (not because
of) our student "spirit."
For the three remaining games,
let's each of us make a small ef-
fort before, during, and after the
game to show the team we're
backing 'em-even if it involves
such sacrifices as loss of an hour
of sleep or a slightly hoarse
One Fact Wrong
To The Editor:
YOU included in Saturday's Daily
a feature story concerning
some "small talk" which led to the
downfall of the Wolverine football
aggregation in their famous upset
loss to Illinois in '39. The two prin-
cipals at whom this talk was di-
rected by the Illini eleven were
Archie Kodros and Al Wistert,
both of whom hail from Illinois.
The story was very interesting
except for one fact. Wistertdid
not play on the Michigan team
that year. He was only a fresh-
man at the time, and played his
varsity ball from 1940-42, receiv-
ing all America acclaim in his
will be open to the general public
4:00-4:115 p.m., WPAG (1050
kc.). Campus News.
Two-day Conference, "Toward
World Understanding" with which
the Eighteenth Annual Parent Ed-
ucation Institute has been amal-
gamated, will open today at 9:30
a.m., Rackham Lecture Hall
Program includes addresses by
such nationally known persons as
Eduard C. Lindeman, Emily Taft
Douglas, Mark Starr, Ernest M.
Ligon, Ralph A. Sawyer and
James K. Pollock and ten group
discussions to be led by Starr, Lig-
on, Harry A. Overstreet and dis-
tinguished members of the Uni-
versity faculties. The Conference
is sponsored by the University Ex-
tension Service and the American
Association of University Women,
Michigan Congress of Parents and
Teachers, League of Women Vot-
ers, Women's Action Committee
for Lasting Peace, Foreign Policy
Association and World Study
Members of the University staff
listed in the University Directory
and their spouses may attend the
Conference without payment of
fees but will have to register at
the desk in the lobby to receive the
badge which gives admittance to
the sessions. This applies also to
George E. Bean, City Manager
of Pontiac, will address the Michi-
gan chapter of the American So-
ciety for Public Administration at
a social seminar at 8 p.m., West
Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Students of public administration
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
To The Editor:
WISH to clear up certain mis-
conceptions and to state why I
countered on the picket line out-
side Hill Auditorium this past
One Friday last year I was asked
to sign a telegram protesting
Dutch action in Indonesia, direc-
ted to the Netherlands' Ambassa-
dor. I unequivocally signed it
and still maintain the belief that
the Dutch are ruling despotically,
without degard for simple justice
I was also asked to participate
in a picket line when the Ambass-
ador spoke-I did, although hot in
a manner expected. Then, as now,
I believed picketing could only
bring discredit to the University
and to the misguided individuals
The purpose of the picketing
was presented as bringing the
question into the open. No matter
what the public reaction was, any
publicity was good publicity in it-
self. The protest's purpose - was
being sidetracked for the some-
what dubious, cynical view of get-
ting into the limelight with a gar-
ish, emotional appeal.
I firmly believe in the principle
of "no bad means justify good
ends." No matter how sincere the
individuals were who picketed,
their tactics were reprehensible. It
might have seemed a lark, but its
consequences were much more
The picketing was also done in
light of the fact that Ambassador
Kleffens granted an informational
interview to the persons (includ-
ing myself) who signed the protest
telegram. Furthermore, the march-
ing itself was done only after most
of the individuals already entered
Hill. There was no picketing after
In the interview that afternoon,
Ambassador Kleffens gave a slick
rationalization of Dutch policy
that seemed very feeble indeed.
The inquiry was calm, rational
and without emotion. We all got
the facts and can, as I intend in
another letter, condemn Dutch In-
donesian policy. This information
was gotten without picketing and
is more damaging than a thousand
cheap publicity stunts.
In conclusion, I would like to
humbly apologize for my action.
In a large measure my condem-
nation of picketing is a condem-
nation of myself. I must confess
it was done hurriedly, but for good
or bad, I felt it was necessary for
everyone to know that the action
was not ". . representative of the
students of Michigan." I hope I
never have to resort to such tac-
tics again. Again I definitely
take my stand in condemnation of
Dutch policy-and the ill-conceiv-
University carillonneur, will be
heard in another program in his
current series of recitals at 7:15
this evening. The program will
consist of British music from the
Elizabethan era to modern songs.
Rackham Building Thursday
evening record concert: East
Lounge, 7:45 p.m. Handel: Con-
certo in B Minor for viola and
orchestra; Schumann: Second
Symphony; Mozart: Concerto No.
1 in G Major for flute and orches-
tra. Graduate students are invit-
ed. Silence is requested.
Theta Sigma Phi, honorary
journalism sorority: Mrs. Helen
Brady Mann, Society Editor of the
Ann Arbor News, will speak on,
"The Practical Problems of Socie-
ty Editing," at 7:30 p~m., Hen-
derson Room Michigan League.
All interested women cordially in-
International Center weekly tea,
4:30,5:30 p.m. Hostesses: Mrs.
Kathryn L. Glass and Mrs. C. H.
Kappa Phi: Meeting, 5:30 p.m.
Meet in the Methodist Wesleyan
La p'tite causette: 3:30 p.m.,
Russian Room, Michigan League.
Lithuanian group: lV eeting, 7
p.m., Michigan League. Members
urged to attend. All Lithuanian
students are cordially invited.
Hillel Foundation: Joint meet-
ing of the Hillel Social Commit-
tee and the I.Z.F.A. SocialCom-
mittee, 4 p.m.,. Hillel Foundation.
All members are urged to attend.
Mr. George W. Copeland, of the
Hart and Cooley Manufacturing
Company of Holland, Michigan,
will talk on the subject, "Person-
nel Management," at Fri., Nov.' 7,
BARNABY . :
I - - - 9K