THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, OCTOnER 21, 1947
0Fi fErigan Bay
Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
versity of Michigan under the authority of the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
John Campbell ...................Managing Editor
Clyde Recht ..........................City Editor
Stuart Finlayson ...............Editorial Director
Eunice Mintz.................Associate Editor
Lida Dailes .......................Associate Editor
Dick Kraus.......................Sports Editor
Bob Lent................Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson..................Women's Editor
Betty Steward ..........Associate Women's Editor
Joan de Carvajal ..................Library Director
Nancy Helmick.................General Manager
Jeanne Swendeman......... Advertising Manager
Edwin Schneider .................Finance Manager
Melvin Tck ................Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for re-publication of all new dispatches
credited torit or otherwise credited in this news-
paper. All rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Mich-
1gan, as second class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by
carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Member, Assoc. Collegiate Press, 1947-48
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: FRED SCHOTT
Jim Crow Concept
THAT COLOR BIAS does not spring from
the people, that it is, rather, superim-
posed upon them by economic and political
authorities, that any trace of it in the peo-
ple's minds is but a reflection of the authori-
ties' actions, and that enlightened persons
will resist these actions, are being demon-
strated once again with unmistakable clar-
ity in Willow Village.
School board authorities had an opportun-
ity to kick Jim Crow out of the Village
educational system, six weeks ago, when they
set about to relieve over-crowded classrooms.
Re-zoning of the Village on a geographical
basis would not only have preserved the
inter-racial level of Ross School but would
have made another inter-racial institution
of Simmonds - entirely apart from either
social or anti-social aspirations of board
members. By ignoring geographical consid-
erations, the board has (1) weakened the
inter-racial atmosphere of Ross School and
(2) strengthened Jim Crow at'Simmonds.
By refusing to send their children to Sim-
monds School, and thereby refusing to in-
tensify the Jim Crow atmosphere of that in-
stitution, by protesting and picketing, Wal-
pole Court parents not only demonstrated
the degree of their own enlightenment, but
also jarred any misconceptions concerning
human relations that may have existed
among other members of the community.
In this respect, they conducted public edu-
cational sessions more profound than those
going on inside the schools.
No necessary relationship exists, school
board members have demonstrated, between
enlightenment and civic authority. By ig-
noring geography in their re-zoning, by in-
timating that other considerations are per-
haps relevant, they have planted color bias
in many young minds: By avoiding the op-
portunity of cracking Jim Crow at Sim-
monds School, they have reinforced what-
eve? degree of justification may have exist-
ed in anyone's mind for that situation. They
reveal to us the birthplace of the Jim Crow
THE RECENT ANNOUNCEMENT that
Charles R. Denny, chairman of the Fed-
eral Communications Commission, is re-
signing his post to take a position with the
National Broadcasting Co. at a reported
salary increase of $25,000 reveals a distress-
ing flaw in our present governmental set-
Denny, regarded as one of the best chair-
men the FCC has had in a long time,
is leaving the administration as so many
brilliant men have done before him, be-
cause the rewards for top executives in
government work can never come close to
those offered by private business. It is all
very well to talk of the honor of serving
the nation, but honor does not buy much
in the marketplaces of U. S. A., 1947.
It is time we paid our public servants
what the job is worth. We might get better
men, and we might keep them longer.
By IRVING JAFFE
EDITOR'S NOTE: Mr. Jaffe is a Transradio
Press Service correspondent and was formerly
Editorial Director of The Daily.
WASHINGTON--Even those most resigned
to President Truman's appalling capa-
city for shallow and ill-considered utterance,
are left freshly amazed by the latest inci-
Mr. Truman told a news conference that
rationing and price controls are the marks
of a police state, thus all but eliminat-
ing the possibility that he will even-
tually ask Congress to restore controls
during the present European emergency.
One wonders just what is behind Mr.
Truman's thinking. Even some distinctly
conservative legislators and commentators
have been drifting into the rationing and
controls camp, having become increasingly
alarmed at the plight of hungry Europe
and realizing that voluntary food conserva-
We Must Decide
By JOSEPH ALSOP
ATHENS-In every nerve center of Europe,
the same phenomenon repeats itself
with a kind of crude monotony. Because we
have been too little and too late in the
past, demands are now pouring in on Wash-
ington from every quarter for instantaneous
decisions of the gravest character, affecting
the whole American future. As these words
are written, the harassed artisans of Amer-
ican policy are probably being pressed for
still another such decision by Ambassador
to Greece Lincoln MacVeagh and the chief
of military intelligence, Major General Wil-
Under the Greek-Turkish aid program,
the American mission ably headed by
Dwight Griswold is already charged with
superintending Greek economic recon-
struction and supplying the Greek army.
A semblance of peace must first be re-
stored to strife-torn Greece, however, if
this American investment is not to be
fruitless. Therefore, the signs are here
in Athens that MacVeagh and Chamberlin
will recommend American assumption of
a third, really crucial responsibility in
Greece--the responsibility for advising
the Greek army on the actual conduct of
its operations against the Communist
The Greek government has taken the in-
itiative in requesting this further assistance,
and has indicated willingness to attack a
very special weight to American military
"advice." If plans laid here go through,
the Griswold mission will be supplemented
with an American military operational staff.
The staff group will be composed of a top
echelon to work with the Greek general
staff, skeleton staffs to be attached to each
of the Greek army corps, and operational
liaison units to work on the brigade and
The decision to send such a staff group
will constitute open acknowledgement of
an almost unlimited American strategic
and political liability in Greece. Yet the
remarkable body of men who are in charge
of our effort here, are unanimous that
the decision must be taken, and taken
without any further delay. President
Truman can give the order on his
own responsibility, under the constitu-
tional powers as commander in chief. He,
will be asked to do so.
It must be admitted at once that these
reports from Greece are intended only as
spot checks on a vital, national venture,
and are therefore based entirely on inten-
sive consultation with the Americans in-
volved. As described by them, the position
necessitating the radical new decision may
be briefly outlined as follows:
The Andartes, as the Greek guerrillas
are called, number only 18,000, and ap-
proximately 60 per cent of their strength
is now composed of kidnaped forced
recruits, held in line by threats to murder
them and their families.
Unfortunately, however, the Greek army
is now largely immobilized. Heavily superior,
forces are always needed against guerrillas,
and especially in this case, where the guer-
rillas are invulnerably based and supplied
in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania.
Politics demand the defense of the more
important cities and towns in northern
Greece, and thus the Greek army's effec-
tives are almost all tied up on guard
duty. In Thrace, where the situation is
worst, the Greek army has a brigade,
entirely dispersed and guard detachments
of companies and platoons, each with its
own strong point. But the guerrillas also
have a brigade, commonly operate in
battalion strength, and now enjoy abso-
lute freedom of movement by night. The
countryside is terrorized. Communications
are cut. The crops are not being har-
vested. The yuarded strong points are
full of able bodied peasants who have
taken refuge from kidnaping. And unless
the trend is rapidly reversed, the situations
must deteriorate to the point where the
people will accept even the rule of the
Andartes as preferable to the present
The remedy now planned is in two parts.
First, newly formed, lightly armed national
tion methods and cheery slogans will ncither
save enough food nor stop the inflationary
spiral. Only a hard-bitten reactionary would
insist that temporary controls in an emer-
gency of this sort spell out police state
tactics. Mr. Truman, whatever his confu-
sion and cloudy thinking may make him, is
not a hard-bitten reactionary.
The police state declaration seems only
illustrative of a general attitude toward
this whole conservation problem on the
part of the Chief Executive. He appears
to have weighed one personal political
consideration against another, with the
result that in practically every instance,
he has chosen a "safe" middle road-a
road which leads to anythingVadt effective
action. And, now, in a sudden outburst,
he is trying to rationalize his own inaction
by hurling the label "police state" at those
who demand more effective measures.
He feared grumbling by the people, so he
urged a "waste less" rather than "eat less"
program. He feared discontent on the part
of Congress, so to this day he has yet to
commit himself either for or against a
special session on Capitol Hill. He was afraid
to face up to the urgency of Europe's
need, despite deep concern on the part of
his own State Department and other Ad-
ministration officials, so emergency dollar
grants are only now being frantically tossed
out to France and Italy-just barely in time
to save them from the necessity of stopping
vital American imports.
Mr. Truman has gone so far along the
path of retreat and has so timidly avoided
any course of really effective action, that he
suddenly finds that hollow generalities and
hemming and hawing will no longer do.
He feels he must take sword in hand, assume
the aggressive and impress the nation with
a startling, emphatic attack on the advo-
cates of controls, who have embarrassed him
by the cogency and sensibleness of their ar-
gument. And so the suddenly applied label
Mr. Truman's rationalization of his
failure to assume positive and forceful
leadership breaks down under even casual
scrutiny. The police state argument, in
effect, puts him in the position of pre-
ferring inaction when only planned ac-
tion can stabilize runaway prices at home
and relieve hunger abroad. He shows an
almost reckless disregard of responsibility
and seems incapable of rising above per-
sonal political considerations. Yet, even
from the political standpoint, how much
greater his stature would be if he boldly
confronted Congress with a price control
and rationing program to supplement
the voluntary conservation campaign,
which, by itself, cannot do the vast job
that has to be done.
There is something else the President for-
got to consider. Suppose some time later the
situation gets so bad that even Mr. Truman
feels the necessity to ask Congress for price
controls and rationing. Can you imagine
the glee of some of the G.O.P. lawmakers
when presented with the opportunity to toss
that nice little phrase "police state" right
back into Mr. Truman's lap?
Letters to the Editor...
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
' '' I
(Continued from Page 3)
man five-week progress reports
will be due Saturday, Oct. 25, in
the office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall.
Sophomore Women: Collection
of class dues ($1), through Octo-
ber 21. A booth will be open in the
League from 3 to 5 daily. Organ-
ized houses will be contacted per-
Teacher's Certificate Candi-
dates: The Teacher's Oath will be
given to all February candidates
for the teacher's certificate on Oc-
tober 23 and 24 between the hours
of 8-12 and 1:30-4:30 in Rm. 1437,
Women veterans who have not
received subsistence checks may
apply for loans at the Office of
the Dean of Women.
Women's Housing Applications
for Spring Semester, 1948:
1. Women students now living
in dormitories are reminded that
their present contracts extend
through the spring semester, 1948.
Requests for release will be con-
sidered by the Office of the Dean
of Women only untilJanuary 10,
2. Women students wishing to
remain in the same League Houses
they now -occupy may request
spring contracts from the house-
mothers immediately. Women stu-
dents now living in League Houses
who wish to move to other League
Houses for the spring semester
may secure application forms
from the Office of the Dean of
Women beginning November 1,
1947. Between November 1 and 15,
those applicants will be referred to
the first vacancies available for
the spring semester.
3. New women students not now
on campus admitted to the Uni-
versity for the spring semester
will be given the opportunity to
apply for housing through the Of-
fice of the Dean of Women as fol-
a. A limited number of students
admitted as first semester fresh-
man for the spring may apply for
dormitory accommodations on and
after November 15, 1947.
b. All other women newly ad-
mitter, including those with ad-
vanced standing, and graduate
women, may apply for supplemen-
tary housing on or after Novem-
(Announcement of application
procedure for housing for fall,
1948 will appear at a later date.)
Identification cards: Any stu-
dent who handed in a stamped,
self-addressed envelope will re-
ceive his card in the mail the first
part of the week of Oct. 20.
All other cards will be distrib-
uted from the booths outside Rm.
2, University Hall, according to
the following schedule:
Wednesday, Oct. 22-A-K
Thursday, Oct. 23-L-Z
Friday, Oct. 24-A-Z
Those students who have re-
ceived post cards for appoint-
ments Monday and Tuesday
should have their 'pictures retaken
on these two days.
The Socony Vacuum Oil Com-
pany representative will be at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Ma-
son Hall, on Wednesday and
Thursday, Oct. 22 and 23, to in-'
terview chemists (organic, phy
sical, or analytical), physicist, and
chemical engineers, B.S. and M.S.
in these fields. They also have
one opening for a mechanical
engineer who has had experience
in the automotive industry. They
will interview for both their East-
ern Plants and the Field Research
Laboratories of the Magnolia Pe-
troleum Company, Dallas, Texas.
For complete information, call at
the Bureau of Appointments.
University Community Center
Willow Run Village.
Tues., Oct. 21, 8 p.m., "Social
and Emotional Development in
Young Children," by Prof. I. H.
Anderson; sponsored by the Wives'
Club and the Cooperative Nursery.
Open to the public.
Wed., Oct. 22, 8 p.m., Reformed
Church Ladies' Bible Study Group.
Thurs., Oct. 23, 8 p.m., The New
Sat., Oct. 25, 8-12 midnight,
Open House. Square Dancing,
* , *'
Tues., Oct. 21, 7-8:30 p.m., Vol-'
ley Ball League; 7:30 p.m., Fen-
cing Group. Irving Weiss, fencing
Wed., Oct. 22, 7-10 p.m., Dup-
licate Bridge. Gregory Stevens,
Fri., Oct. 24, 8:30-11:30 p.m.,
West Lodge Homecoming Festivi-,
ties - bonfire, singing and infor-
Sun., Oct. 26, 4:30-6:30 p.m.,
Coffee Hour; 6:45 p.m., Movies -
Mon., Oct. 27, 1945 p.m., Bowling
League, Willow Village Bowling
Roy Bishop Canfield Memorial
Lecture. The Honorable Charles
S. Kennedy, M.D., Regent of the
University, will deliver the first
annual Roy Bishop Canfield Me-
morial Lecture at 11 a.m., Sat.,
Oct. 25, Rackham Amphitheatre;.
auspices of the Phi Rho Sigma
Medical fraternity. The public is
invited to attend.
University Lecture: Dr. David
G. Ryans, associate director of
American Council on Education,
will lecture on the subject,
"Trends in the Selection of Pro-
fessional Personnel," at 4:15 p.m.,
Tues., Oct. 21, Rackham Amphi-
theatre; auspices of the Bureau
of Psychological Services and the
School of Education. The public is
University Lectures; Prof. Mau-
rice Frechet, The Henri Poincars
Institute, Paris, France. "Proba-
bilities Associated with a System
of Compatible and Dependent
Events," Thurs., Oct. 23, and "Asy-
mptotically Almost Periodic Func-
tions," Fri., Oct. 24. Both lectures
will be given at 4:15 p.m., Rm.
3017, Angell Hall; auspices of the
Department of Mathematics.
Mr. John Airey, President of
King-Seeley Corporation, w i l l
speak on the subject of "Problems
of Management in Expanding En-
ture Hall, Wed., Oct. 22, 11 am.
terprises," in the Rackham Lec-
The public is invited.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Dailyp
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which is signed, 300 words
or less in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the viewsn
expressed in letters are those of thet
writers only. Letters of more thant
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
torial director. t
* * *.
To the Editor:1
MOST OF US who are living at
West Lodge are maturet
enough to realize that some of thee
inconveniences that we are en-S
countering there cannot be helped.
They are the inevitable results ofs
administration which cannot helpk
but be sloppy since it is carried
on by human beings.
We do not, however, feel thati
there is any excuse for our treat-I
ment Saturday night, when we
stood in the rain waiting for a<
bus which never appeared. ThoseI
of us who were most sturdy andt
most anxious to hear Patricet
Munsel in Ann Arbor waited until!
9 p.m. for a supplement to the
7:45 bus which was loaded with1
There must be some way to im-
press some one in authority that
our needs are not being cared for.
The appearance of a solitary bus
at 7:45 Saturday night is just one
instance of neglect. Somebody do
To the Editor:
AM ONE OF hundreds of Wil-
low Run students who acquired
that "wilted look" Saturday night
while waiting for the mythical
7:45 bus to Ann Arbor. After two
hours with the wind and the rain
in my hair, I was forced to rout
out a friend to drive me in.
Thanks to the vaunted efficiency
of the University's transportation
system, I missed all but the last
encores of Patrice Munsel's pro-
Does the University now have so
many students that it can afford
to forget the thousands of morass-
bound Willow Runners?
To the Editor:
T DATE we have suffered the '
inconveniences of the Univer-I
sity bus service from West Lodge'
to Ann.Arbor with nothing more
than tire usual muffled grumbling.'
However, Saturday evening the'
bus service achieved a triumph
which can only be adequately de-
scribed with certain Anglo-Saxon
At 7:45 there were some eightyl
persons waiting at West Lodge,
most of them with season tickets'
to the Choral Union Concert
Series. To transport this load
there was exactly one bus which
was already filled to capacity with
married students and their wives.
After a brief attempt to call. the
dispatcher, the bus driver drove
off without a standee, holding out
the promise of more busses in fif-
teen minutes. At 9:15 those of the
crowd who had not 'managed to
hitchhike into Ann Arbor were
Consequently, find enclosed our
contribution to the bus service
trophy room-two unused tickets
to the Patrice Munsel concert. Life
is drab enough in our $21 palace
at Willow Run; to be deprived of
a worthwhile social event be-
cause of inefficiency and stupidity
which fail to provide enough
transportation, at a time when
obviously there would be a heavier
load than usual, is inexcusable. In-
stead of orchids, then, may we
suggest a leather medal for those
B. J. George, Jr.
SArthur D. Doll.
To the Editor:
THE WORD Communist has
been tossed about much of
late, and for the benefit of those
members of MYDA who don't
seem toknow what the word im-
Tickets are on sale today at the
box office, Hill Auditorium. Mr.
Duranty and Mr. Knickerbocker
are two famous journalists whose
long residence in Russia makes
them eminently fitted to dicuss
the subject "Can Russia Be Part
of One World?" As the opening
number of the 1947-48 Lecture
Course, this debate will be held in
Hill Auditorium, 8:30 p.m., Thurs-
day. Season tickets for the com-
plete course of seven numbers may
be obtained through Oct. 23. Box
office hours are from 10 a.m.-
1 p.m. and 2-5 p.m. daily.
(Continued on Page 6)
plies, I should like to point out
the following facts:
According to Webster's, "com-
munism is a social organization
involving common ownership of
the agents of production and some
approach to equal distribution of
the 'products of industry."
But present-day usage of the
word is quite a different affair.
Today Communism stands for al-
legiance to the policies of the
Soviet Union. in order to extend
their form of government wher-
ever and by whatever means pos-
If Ed Shaffer were a "Web-
ster's" type of communist, I would
have no objection to him holding
office in any organization. But if
he isn't which I am inclined to
believe, then he should work with-
in his own party to gain the ends
Experience has shown us, time
and again, that Communists join
progressive or minority organiza-
tions in order to become iden-
tified with them. A change in the
party line could result in the
Communists turning tail, and re-
nouncing their former pledges of
loyalty to these groups. As a re-
sult, they can cripple worthwhile
Before the war, during the pe-
riod of Soviet-German "friend-
ship," Communists were members
of many peace organizations and
were most vehement in calling Mr.
Roosevelt a war monger. The day
after Germany invaded Russia,
many of these same organizations
miraculously changed their minds
and wanted us to get into the
war against fascism.
In present-day France, the
Communists, through their con-
trol of labor unions, can call a
national strike which would
cripple the country. This is the re-
sult of allowing Communists to
join progressive organizations.
Wake up, MYDA, it's time you
realized that the Communist
Party is not just another political
To the Editor:
IN FOLLOWING the controver-
sy currently raging over MYDA,
one becomes so completely en-
grossed in the name-calling that
it is difficult to recall what started
it. This thing which has now be-
come obsure is, of course, the
MYDA plan. To refresh the mem-
ory, the MYDA Plan includes such
worthwhile and unrevolutionary
objectives as rescuing the book ex-
change, improvement of eating
facilities, investigation of student
wages, extension of health serv-
ices, fighting discrimination, adop-
tion of the NSA Bill of Rights, and
MYDA's attackers profess to -
approve these aims, but appear
unwilling to cooperate in the pro-
gram on the basis that since Com-
munists favor it, supporting the
Program is supporting Commun-
ism. This is the dodge that has
been used repreatedly by reaction-
aries to defeat progressive action,
and that has sucked many well-
intentioned liberals into reaching
conclusions based not on an intel-
ligent analysis of the issue, but on
a reasoning process conditioned by
the stand that the Communists
The obscuring of issues behind a
barrage of emotional attacks on
Communism is a definition of
Red-baiting. The conditioned rea-
soning which follows can produce
only such results as a non-existent
housing 'program, a split labor
movement, and support of corrupt
regimes in Greece, China and Ar-
gentina, to mention just a few.
To the Editor:
A HORRIBLE thought occurs to
In view of regulations.
The students living at Willow Run
Are in a situation. -
When winter comes-not far
Our transportation wheezing
Will have to have some alcohol
To keep them all from freezing.
Will deans approve this drastic
The question of the minute.
For if they don't a bus won't run
-The reservation's had it!
-Richard D. Brown.
To the Editor:
IT IS ADVISABLE that the mem-
bers of the Willow Run Village
School Board secure a copy of the
Michigan General School Laws for
1947 and apply their bigoted intel-
lect to the reading of statute (76)
(15.65) Sec. 26 which specifically
states, "All persons, residents of
At the State .. .
BRUTE FORCE, with Burt Lancaster,
Hume Cronyn and Charles Bickford.
BRUTE FORCE packs a wallop that hits
you squarely between the eyes. The im-
pact of the picture is tough and raw, for
Mark Hellinger has produced another pow-
erful and deeply absorbing tale. In so doing,
he presents a series of events guaranteed
to frazzle the composure of the most hard-
ened cinema addicts. The story is about a
group of convicts whose only concern is to
become ex-convicts. These characters are
presented as pretty nice guys; but every-
one has his faults, and theirs just happened
to be larceny and murder. They're the sort
who wouldn't harm a fly-just people. Ap-
propriately enough, most of their troubles
were caused by women, and, appropriately
enough, said females are reduced to subor-
dinate and insignificant roles in this rough,
The leader of the convicts is convincingly
portrayed by Burt Lancaster, who, in his
freshman year at Westgate Penitentiary,
grows dissatisfied with the restrictions im-
posed on his social activities. The villian is
prison guard Hume Cronyn, a sleezy scoun-
drel who makes himself generally disliked
by his authoritative tactics; if you've been
in many prisons, you'll know the type I
* * *
At the Michigan,. .
VARIETY GIRL, with Forty Great Stars.
"NEVER before have so many done so
little with so much."
-Harvey A. Leve.