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October 08, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-10-08

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Latest Deadline ine the State





UN Atomic Energy Scientists
Questioned on Mexican Plan
Nervo Asks Whether Simultaneous Operation
Of National, International Plants Is Possible
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Oct. 7-United Nations Atomic Energy Commission scien-
tists were represented tonight as feeling that Mexico's compromise plan on
production of atomic energy has far-reaching political implications. Some
were said authoritatively to feel that the hot issue was beyond the score of
their deliberations.
The Mexican delegate, Luis Padilla Nervo, wants to know if the scien-
tists think it is possible to operate under international authority and in inter-

* * *
Prof. Preuss
Cites US Atom
Control Scheme
Believes Baruch Plan
AbolishesVeto Power
Because the production of atomic
energy is "revolutionary," there must
be a "revolutionary" type of super-
vision to control it, Prof. Lawrence
Preuss, of the political science de-
partment, declared yesterday.
Prof. Preuss pointed out that the
Baruch Plan, which was based on the
Acheson - Lilienthal Report to the
State Department, has a "promise of
effectiveness." The plan, providing
for an international atomic develop-
ment authority, places all uranium in
the hands of an international group.
Supervision would extend over all
phases of ownership and operation of
atomic energy plants. Any unlicen-
sed use of uranium would be con-
sidered, ipso facto, an act of aggres-
sion, he reported.
Since any nation using atomic
weapons would naturally make use of
the surprise technique, Prof. Preuss
added, there would be no time for de-
liberation of the matter in the UN
Security Council. The United States
plan therefore abolishes the veto of
the permanent members of this
group. Russia refuses to agree to
He pointed out that all the nem-
bers of the committee of the Atomic
Energy Commission studying techno-
logical aspects of the problem were in
agreement regarding the dangers of
diverting atomic materials from legal
production and the feasibility of con-
trol. However, Prof. Preuss said, the
Russian delegate to the commission
as a whole has not agreed to any of
the political implications of the com-
mittee report.
"I think," Prof. Preuss indicated.
"that if the Baruch plan were accept-
able to other nations, the American
people would probably agree to it.
The only opposition might possibly
be that created by Henry Wallace."
Wallace Replies
To Post Charge
WASHINGTON, Oct. 7 - (P) -
Henry A. Wallace, in a letter to the
Washington Post tonight, writes that
he agrees with Bernard M. Baruch
that an inspection system should be
part of any international atomic con-
trol and is "aware" that the Russians
have opposed it.
But he says that the Soviet opposi-
tion on this point "may not be unre-
lated to our inflexibility on the issue
of our continuing to produce and
stockpile atomic bombs."
"What I am pleading for," Wallace
writes, "is 'give' on both sides."
The letter was prompted by an edi-
torial which said that Wallace's criti-
cism of the Baruch plan seems "to
have a good deal of validity" on "at
least one count" - the question
whether the United States should
continue making atomic bombs dur-
ing the negotiations. The editorial
urged that the manufacture be
stopped, commenting that "it must
certainly be a real irritant to the Rus-
sians and a real determent" to mu-
tual trust.
But it went on to call Wallace "at
once naive and vague" respecting a
"second basic point of disagreement
with the Russians"-the matter of an
international inspection system.
Wallace's letter said in part:
"I am aware, as indicated in my
statement of Oct. 4, that it is the
Russians who have opposed a system
of international inspection. I agree
with you that a "relationship of mu-
tual trust and confidence must be
two-sided." It is precisely for this

reason that I think it not "at once
naive and vague" to believe that Rus-
sian intransigeance on this point may
not be unrelated to our inflexibility
on the issue of our continuing to pro-
duce and stock-pile atomic bombs.

,national zones plants producing
atomic fuels for other weapons and
peaceful uses and to operate in indi-
vidual nations under national con-
trols secondary plants producing
atomic fuel for peaceful purposes,
Closed Meeting
He raised the question last week at
a closed meeting of Committee No. 2,
the political body of the commission.
Prof. H. A. Kramers, chairman of the
scientific committee, will give an an-
swer, as yet undisclosed, to Commit-
tee No. 2 at a closed session tomorrow
at Lake Success. Kramers was said
to feel that the Nervo query has wide
political ramifications.
International Jurisdiction
Padilla Nervo put this question to
the scientists:
"Whether it would be possible in
their opinion to have the extensive
separation plants (which produce nu-
clear fuel for reactors, suitable after
only minor operations for use in
weapons) and primary reactors
(which regenerate nuclear fuels) un-
der some international organization
and in territory subject to interna-
tional jurisdiction rather than in na-
tional territory; and to have within
nations only reactors that do not re-
generate nuclear fuel and could be
more suitable for peaceful purposes."
P i * .lt
Policy -Obsolete,

Suit Stalls
Council OK
Of 'U' Offer
Claim City Should
Not Rush Contract
Early action by Ann Arbor Com-
mon Council on the University offer
of $97,600 for the expansion of local
water and sewage disposal plants was
forestalled last night by the interven-
tion of a taxpayer's suit brought by
William A. Lucking, Detroit attorney.
The University offer was made in
order to insure adequate services to
the University, bearing in mind the
present building program. Under the
agreement the University would con-
tinue to pay the same water and sew-
age disposal rates as those charged
the general taxpayers. Also in the
proposed agreement was an offer by
the University to pay the city $20,000
annually to provide for the salaries of
seven policemen. This payment would
be made over a ten-year period.
In his suit, Lucking has alleged
that the city could have entered into
a more equitable agreement. He told
newsmen that he also objected to the
ten-year period mentioned in the po-
lice salary agreement. Lucking point-
ed out that salary costs may exceed
the amount specified over a ten year
period. "The city should not rush
into an agreement of this kind," he
The city of Ann Arbor has been in-
structed by the court to appear Oct.
12, to show cause why an injunction
should not be granted. The injunc-
tion further asks that the court issue
an order restraining the city of Ann
Arbor from entering into any settle-
ment with the University of Michigan
without court approval.
City Attorney William M. Laird
told Common Council last night that
legally they could act on the Univer-
sity offer immediately. He pointed
out, however, that action taken by
council in the face of a request to
appear in court was bad policy.
Grid Ticket Favors
Denied by Baker
University athletic department
ticket manager Andrew Baker
vigorously denied last night that
his office showed favoritism in
football ticket distribution this
His statement followed on the
heels of a letter to The Daily Sun-
day which stated that civic clubs
and prominent politicians were of-
fered "a flood of tickets" to Wol-
verine games.
"The charges contained in that
letter are all false," Baker de-
clared. "I don't know where the
writer got her information but it
certainly has no foundation in
f act."
"Our records are open to any-
one's inspection," he added.



Ao--, Qd

Tampa Bay Citrus Region;

U.S. Stands Pat On

Trie ste




The belief of most of the American
people in "old-fashioned armed
rights" will be a big obstacle to con-
trol of the atomic bomb by an inter-
national authority, according to
Prof. Theodore Newcomb, of the so-
ciology department.
American participation in interna-
tional control is probably a political
impossibility at present, Prof. New-
comb said, because most Americans,
particularly those who can bring po-
litical pressure to bear, are still think-
ing in terms of nation-sovereignty
of the kind which is incompatible
with international control.
Most Americans have shown that
they're afraid of Russia, and they're
sticking to their deeply ingrained at-
titude of national defense, he said.
Ile thinks, however, that a skill-
ful political leader might be able
gradually to swing public opinion
over to the view that international
control of the bomb is necessary and
feasible, without prejudicing Ameri-
can interests.

We st


Smuts Pleads
For Tolerance
In Controversy
Sen. Connally Makes
American Declaration
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 7-The United States
served notice on the European Peace
Conference today that it will make r
further concessions in the east-west
struggle over the Trieste Free Zone as
the delegates began final considera-
tion of peace pacts for the five former
satellites of Nazi Germany.
The American declaration was fol-
lowed by immediate charges by a
member of the Slav bloc that the
United States had insulted both
Yugoslavia and France during draft-
ing of the Italian peace treaty.
Thus, delegates of the east and
west at a Conference plenary ses-
sion locked horns in their last ef-
fort to write their ideas of peace
into the treaties for Italy, Romania,
Bulgaria, Hungary and Finland.
And into the struggle plunged Field
Marshal Jan Christian Smuts of
South Africa, white-haired veteran of
Versailles, who pleaded for "unity
and tolerance" between the eastern
and western powers as he urged dele-
gates of the 21 nations not to turn
their peace-writing efforts into "an
overture to bigger struggles to come."
America's stand-pat policy on
Trieste was made by Senator Tom
Connally (Dem.-Tex.), who, in urg-
ing Conference approval of the re-
port drawn up by the Italian Po-
litical Commission, declared that
"a just solution" of the Trieste and
Yugo-Slav- Italian frontier prob-
lem was the "keystone of a peace
settlement with Italy."
The white-maned Texan repeated
previous American warnings that the
United States considers the Italo-
Yugoslav frontier and Trieste as "one
decision, one agreement" in which
"no part can be separated from the
The Texan reminded delegates
that the outline of principles for
the projected free zone had been
attacked by two-thirds of the Ital-
ian Political Commission, then add-
"It outlines principles without
which no settlement is possible."
He denied Slav assertions that the
zone's governor, representing the
United Nations Security Council,
could be regarded "as a dictator or as
the agent for any one foreign group
of powers striving to use Trieste for
their own ends."
The zone's governor, Conally said,
"must have sufficient powers to ful-
fill his responsibilities."
The Slavic bloc has maintained
that the popular legislative assem-
bly of the free zone must be su-
preme, with the governor a mere
Security Council observer there.
Connally denied Yugoslav charges
that Britain and the United States
wanted to make a joint military base
out of Trieste for their future opera-
tions, adding:
"Our proposal is that the territory
shall be and shall remain de-militar-
ized, and that no military, naval or
air forces, installations or equipment
will be maintained, built or manu-
factured in the free territory."
Book Exchange
Checks Ready
Today and tomorrow are the last
days that students may pick up their
checks or unsold books from the Stu-

dent Book Exchange, according to
Dick Burton, director of the ex-
Students who left books at the
Union last Spring can pick up their
books or checks on Wednesday only.
More than 500 students have
checks waiting for them now at the
game room of the Michigan League.
The book exchange will be open from
1 Rn ffr. n rl na n d .-A nrrnxx n --

Serious Effect

LAUGHS FOR HIS CANDY ... Hjalmar Schacht, former Nazi finan-
cier acquitted in the Nuernberg trial, jokes at a press conference in
Nuernberg, Germany, after agreeing to sign autographs in exchange
for bars of chocolate for his children. "Protected" by American and
German police, he is hidden away from the public in a private Nuern-
berg residence.
Results of Graduate Record
Exams Will Be Interpreted

World News at a Glance
By the Associated Press
No Increase in Meat Supply Seen'
Continued light receipts of livestock in principal terminals yesterday
offered no encouragement for easing of the meat shortage.
Presidential Secretary Charles Ross said the President "Is considering
every possible aspect of the meat situation."
The American Meat Institute reported that packers were now produc-
ing pork and beef "at only about 10 per cent of capacity, a record low."
The Institute said that pork stocks of all kinds on Sept. 28 were approxi-
mately a third less than two weeks earlier and 50 per cent under the same
day a year ago.
* * * *
Auto Plants Lay Off Workers
DETROIT, Oct. 7-(P)-A walkout of 500 auto workers tonight snagged
production at Kaiser-Frazer Corp. plant as two other automotive firms be-
gan cutting production because of material shortages.
Kaiser-Frazer officials and representatives of Local 142, CIO United
Auto Workers, said the men walked out protesting discharge of a foreman in
the body welding department.
Chrysler Corp. and the Briggs Manufacturing Co. today began laying
off workers and cutting down production because of sheet steel shortages.
It was expected 25,000 men would be affected, with Briggs laying off
7,000 workers and Chrysler reportedly planning on sending 18,000 home.
Hull Shows Gradual Improvement
WASHINGTON, Oct. 7-(P)-Cordell Hull was reported today to be
showing "Gradual but definite improvement" at Bethesda Naval Hospital,
where he suffered a stroke a week ago.
A p C s u *
Atstempt at Chinese Truce Rumored

The 1,100 students who took Grad-
uate Record Examinations as second-
semester sophomores and seniors last
May will have results of them inter-
preted at a meeting to be held at 8
p.m. today in the Rackham Lecture
Dr. Kenneth Vaughn, author of
the examinations and director of all
measurement projects of the Car-
William Green
Urges End to
Price Controls
CHICAGO, Oct. 7-VP)-AFL Presi-
dent William Green today cited John
L. Lewis' Miners Welfare Fund as an
"objective" for All American Federa-
tion of Labor Unions as a means of
providing security for the organiza-
Green urged in his keynote address
opening the federation's 65th annual
convention, an end to price controls,
except rent ceilings and said that
workers must share by fresh wage
boosts in greater profits which he
said better production efficiency
learned in wartime is bringing to
American industry.
Green's statement charted new
AFL policy because the federation,
together with the CIO, strongly sup-
ported a firm price control law be-
fore Congress this summer. However,
Green said the present law was much
weaker than the "fairly decent gov-
ernment control exercised by the
government up to June 30th."
"With the exception of perhaps
continued control of rent and some
other items comparable to that," he
said, "we believe the time has come
when price control, along with wage
control, should be lifted by the gov-
ernment of the United States."
Bonfire To Climax
Pep Rally Friday
A fire-building ceremony will be
one of the highlights of the pep rally
planned for Friday night before the
Wolverines meet Army on Saturday.
Each student in the torchlight pa-

negie Foundation, will be the' lecturer
at this meeting in addition to deliv-
ering a public lecture at 4:15 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheatre and
meeting with academic counselors
and concentration advisors.
Possibilities of Measurement
The topic of Dr. Vaughn's after-
noon lecture will be "Possibilities of
Measurement in Higher Education."
Dean Hayward Keniston, sponsor
of the tests for the literary college,
will preside at the evening meeting in
which students will havehan oppor-
tunity to ask questions either on their
individual profiles or on group re-
sults. The tests were part of a na-
tionwide inquiry by the Carnegie
Foundation as to post-war conditions
in American colleges and were con-
ducted here by the Bureau of Psycho-
logical Services, a unit of the Insti-
tute of Human Adjustment.
Recognized as Outstanding
Dr. Vaughn, who is associated
with the American Council on Edu-
cation, is recognized by colleagues as
the most outstanding man in the na-
tional testing movement.
After Dr. Vaughn's interpretation
of the Graduate Record Examina-
tions, students who took them will be
able to consult with their concentra-
tion advisors about the profiles which
they picked up last week.
Ticket Filchers
To Face Inquiry
The stream of notices summoning
underclassmen who did not heed the
Student Legislature warning to a Ju-
diciary Committee hearing will begin
Working with ticket stubs sorted
into sections by the athletic depart-
ment, the committee is checking seat
numbers against University files to
determine the underclassmen subject
to disciplinary action because of their
failure to turn in upperclass seats.
Postcards will be sent to these un-
derclassmen immediately, Seymour
Chase, chairman of the committee,
said last night, and the first hearing
will be held Thursday.
Chase said that many of the regis-
tration coupons show obvious era-
sures and substitutions, simplifying
the committee's check. All student

Not Yet Known,
Reports Reveal
Inhabitants Seek
Safety, Flee Area
* By The Associated Press
TAMPA, Fla., Oct. 8.-The tropical
hurricane roaring out of the Gulf of
Mexico struck Tampa Bay at mid-
night last night-on schedule-the
Storm Warning Service reported, but
no serious effect was immediately
apparent inland.
Clustering around Tampa Bay
were the cities of Tampa and St.
Petersburg and many smaller co-
munities-the most thickly popu-
lated area on the Florida West
Already thousands of inhabitants
had fled from exposed areas to places
of greater safety.
In a 10 p.m. advisory, the Federal
Storm Warning Service said the hur-
ricane with winds up to 100 miles
an hour was whirling like a meteor-
ological buzz saw toward Tampa Bay.
At that hour it was 60 miles west
northwest of Fort Myers and travel-
ing north northeastward at 16 miles
per hour.
The lashing winds were roaring
directly towards the state's citrus
area, where most of an estimated
102,000,000 boxes of oranges, grape-
and tangerines were approaching
maturity. The value of the 1946
crop has been estimated at between
$150,000,000 and $200,000,000.
At midnight, Egmont Key, at the
mouth of Tampa Bay, reported winds
up to 55 miles an hour with gusts
considerably higher. Lakeland, 30
miles inland, had winds of about 45
miles an hour-hardly strong enough
to wreak widespread destruction.
The wind dropped to 16 miles an
hour at Tampa's McDill Field-but
that may have been the lull before
the storm. The barometer was drop-
ping fast.
A few telephone poles were down
10 miles south of Tampa, but they
were leveled before the hurricane's
schedulel arrival by advance gusts.
Radio amateurs, on the alert for
the high wind's approach, reported
they had detected no havoc at mid-
The Coast Guard warned residents
of Davis Islands, a rich residential
section in Tampa Bay, and those
along Bayshore Drive, paralleling the
bay, to evacuate. The Coast Guard
said there was danger from high
tides rather than winds.
Peake Named
Assistant Dean
Appointed To Succeed
Walter at L.S.&A. Post
Dean Hayward Keniston announ-
ced yesterday that Dr. Charles How-
ard Peake, instructor in English and
academic counselor, has been named
Assistant Dean of the literary college.
Dr. Peake will succeed Associate
Dean Erich A. Walter, who will be-
come Director of the new Office of
Student Affairs Feb. 1, 1947.
'U' Graduate
Born in Medina, O., Dr. Peake
graduated from Southeastern High
.School in Detroit and received his
bachelor's degree in education from
the University in 1928. In 1935 he re-
ceived the master's degree in English
and in 1941 the. doctor's degree, both
from the Universiy.
Dr. Peake has served as a teaching
fellow and as an instructor in the
English department and as chief resi-
dent adviser for West Quadrangle
from 1937-42. From 1942-45 he was
on leave of absence for military duty,

holding the rank of first lieutenant
in the Army and serving 11 months
in the Southwest Pacific.
Academic Counselor
Dr. Peake returned to the campus
last year as an instructor in English
and as counselor with the Veterans'


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