T HE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1946
Football Here Big Business
rfo THE MAJORITY of the student body: the
reason you will be sitting in those end zone
and behind-the-goal-posts seats at the Iowa
game today is that football, of necessity, is a
"business" at the University of Michigan.
Michigan's entire athletic program, unlike
those of most major universities, is supported
almost entirely by football gate receipts.
A glance at the Board in Control of Inter-
collegiate Athletics financial statement for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1945, tells the
In that year the excess of receipts over dis-
bursements for football amounted to $256,514.87.
All other sports operated at a loss.
In that same year the University's allocation
of tuition fees to the board was $63,043.45 ex-
clusive of the salaries of the athletic director
and the director emeritus.
Of the board's total income for the year,
more than 75 per cent was furnished by foot-
ball. The board ended the year with a profit of
But football not only pays for the rest of
the University's intercollegiate athletic program,
it also provides for maintenance of the exist-
ing athletic plant and new additions. The fa-
cilities provided by football are also made avail-
able to the University's physical education and
Thus the athletic program at the University
of Michigan is self-supporting, and the over-
whelming reason for this self-support is foot-
ball gate receipts.
Like any successful business, football at the
University of Michigan must cater to the cash
customers. The University pays the Board in
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Control an average of 25 cents for each student
admission to each game. Obviously, if the board
is to remain solvent it must sell as many three-
dollar admissions as possible. It is also obvious
that not very many cash customers are going to
pay three dollars for seats in the end zones and
behind the goal posts. %
Clark Baker, Daily Sports Editor, reported
yesterday that there are only 25,267 seats be-
tween the goal lines at Michigan Stadium. (This
is exclusive of bleacher seats, which provide an
additional 2,218 seats.) Baker's figure is the
combined count for both sides of the stadium.
If all the 18,000 students now enrolled in the
University were to be seated between the goal
lines, the Board in Control would have only
about 8,000 choice seats to put up for sale to
cash customers - who provide the bulk of the
All factors considered, if students at the
University of Michigan want better football
seats, they must be willing to pay for them.
This is the practice followed at most other
colleges and universities and is the reason
why students at those institutions have rela-
tively choice seats.
Or, the University might contribute more to
the support of its own athletic program. But
this is not likely, since the University is hard
pressed at the moment attempting to meet op-
erating costs and the expenses of its multi-
million dollar building projects.
So, think it over when you're watching the
game from the end zone or behind the goal posts
today. If you want to have a better seat-plus
the rest of the University's athletic program-
you're going to have to pay for it.
This matter ought to be considered in a
realistic light. Football is a big industry. In
such an industry the sort of thing Michigan stu-
dents now face goes on every day,
Football: Cold, Fish-eye View
COLLEGE FOOTBALL is in for its yearly
panning. American University in Washing-
ton, D. C., dropped football with the statement
that players are put on the auction block and
solid to the highest bidder. The present college
game "has no more relation to education than
bullfighting to agriculture," the University said.
And Maj. Gen. Maxwell Taylor, West Point
comandant, has filed a similar charge of pro-
fessionalism in the college ranks.
University of Michigan students are well a-
ware of the 'Big Business' role of thegame.
Stuffed into end zone seats, in the interests of
better paying non-student customers, they see
another phase of professionalism - the sub-
ordination of student enjoyment to cash re-
This cold, fish-eye view of football as a mon-
ey-making enterprise tones down the old jubi-
lance over the "big game" to a considerable
extent. We still have the pre-game pep rallies,
the cheer leaders and the singing of the alma
mater, but we have also a resentment that the
student body is being pushed aside in the inter-
est of money in the cash box. Perhaps the Chi-
cago Sun is right when is suggests "if the game
is to be professionalized, let the colleges be
frank about it; let them strip away the phony
aura of sentiment surrounding it."
['D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
[I IS BAFFLING, in the highest degree, to see
the people of a great nation sitting around,
talking about a slump, predicting a slump, and
doing nothing to stop it. The mood is fatalistic,
almost suicidal. Time Magazine has even re-
ported (Sept. 16) that "many" businessmen
("Wall Streeters," it calls them) think a slump
may do some good; it will bring down commod-
ity prices, and "step up labor efficiency." Br-r-r!
A Man from Mars might be excused for thinking
that that is doing it the hard way, and for
wondering what ails a set of doctrinaires who
reject price control to head off inflation, and
then almost pray for a slump to produce the
Most fantastic is the glacial immobility with
which the pundits are greeting the coming dip.
They sit like so many wooden Indians, frozen
into a false Spartan calm, commenting on the
coming slump as unemotionally as if it were
no more dangerous than a coming movie; a dis-
aster is approaching, they seem to be saying;
Stocks are down. New financing is down.
There is a feeling of congestion in some business
channels, and a noticeable swelling of the ware-
houses. An R. H. Macy expert warns retailers
to begin to think in terms of reducing their in-
ventories. Some cotton textile mills, holding
their products, waiting for higher prices, ar
reported to be so loaded they can't find storage
space. A conference of the National Retail Fur-
niture Association is warned by an analyst that,
merchants will be "overwhelmed" in six months,
by certain categories of goods. Just when the
WHAT HAS happened is that we have allowed
inflation to do us out of a period of stabil-
ity to w h i c h we were well entitled. Time
Magazine (Sept. 30) wonders dismally what has
happened to our "dream of riches;" but Time
Magazine's own sneering and mocking at price
control may have helped shape our national de-
cision to take a ride on a roller coaster instead
of on a smooth road. The only thing which
could have hurt our postwar prosperity was a
price rise; nothing else would have done it;
and the gleeful unanimity with which large
trade associations and important sections of
the press have cried out against the controls
.which alone could save us may yet go down in
'history as one of the strangest instances of mass
suicidal impulse on record.
Now business, with prices higher, finds
profits strangely lower, as each corporation
dips deeper into the funds of the one next
above, to which it sells; and we have reached
a stage at which managers cry out against
price increases while sales managers ask for
still more boosts; the two sets of functionaries
seem rarely to meet. Meanwhile goods stay
off the market, as they always do when a mood
of inflati-onary expectancy has been created.
Finally we see the pundits beginning to place
their damp little bets on a slump; having
earned a kick in the pants, they begin to find
virtues in it, and to ascribe magical curative
powers to it.
But is a slump really preferable to moder-
ate government controls, even to a special ses-
sion of Congress summoned to halt inflation,
roll back prices, and thaw out inventories? In
terms of human cost, a slump is obviously not
preferable. But the all-out holy war against
government controls has gone too far to allow
back-tracking. Its leaders promised that a re-
duction in controls would mean prosperity; since
it turns out to mean recession, they begin to
find values in recession..
They cling to their theory, and wait for the
kick, cheering each other by murmuring: "Good.
Ah, Good; very good." But the Man from Mars
is not impressed. He knows that what looks like
stoic courage is very often only bewilderment,
and anembarrassed inability to think of what
to do next.
Get Out the Vote'
DURING THE PAST week, the campus AVC
"Get Out the Vote" campaign advised 3300
students, mailing out approximately 2500 post
cards requesting absentee ballots and registra-
The committee which handled the campaign
can be credited with having performed two
community services. In the first place, politic-
ally alert citizens on campus were reminded
and helped to register. For them, AVC per-
formed a simple, mechanical function, lessen-
ing an inconvenience.
More important, however, is the service the
committee performed in dramatizing the com-
ing election and thereby getting action from
students who might otherwise have been forced
to forfeit their right to vote through failing to
register. The confusion and variety of pressing
obligations confronting students this year make
this type of unintentional self-disenfranchise-
ment all to likely. Citizens whose votes would
be solicited by local political machines, who
would find local issues discussed on every side
lose these incentives in the relatively cosmo-
politan University community.
Today is the last day the AVC committee
will be running their campaign. Statements
of the urgency of registering should be un-
necessary. Those who have not yet done so can
take advantage of the AVC's service today.
The "Get Out the Vote" committee deserves
our thanks for its valuable campaign.
Ballot for Eighteen-Year-Ols?
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in The Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Assistant to the
President, Room 1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30
p.m. on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m., Saturdays).
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5
VOL. LVI, No. 11
Faculty and Staff Salary Pay-
ments: Withholding TaxaExemption.
Certificates must be on file by Oct. 7
for all persons on the Academic Pay-
roll expecting to receive checks on
Oct. 18. Call at Rm. 9, University
Hall if you have not filed one during
1945 or 1946.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary
To the Faculty of the College of Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts:
The October meeting of the Faculty
of Literature, Science, and the Arts
for the academic year 1946-47 will be
held Mon., Oct. 7, at 4:10 p.m. in Rm.
1025 Angell Hall.
Hayward Keniston, Dean
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of June 3, 1946 (pp. 1272-;
2. Presentation of new members.
3. Resolutions for Professor Peter
Field and Associate Professor Eugene
r. Elections to Executive Commit-
tee Panel and Library Committee.
Nominating Committee: Associate
Professor Kenneth L. Jones, Profes-
sor Edgar M. Hoover, Professor Ar-
mand J. Eardley; Associate Professor
Karl Litzenberg, and Professor Rob-
ert B. Hall, Chairman.
6. Problems of the Library-Pro-
fessor Warner G. Rice.
7. Consideration of reports sub-
mitted with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Committee - Profes-
sor J. W. Eaton.
b. University Council - Professor
L. C. Anderson. No report.
c. Executive Board of the Gradu-
ate School-Professor R. L. Wilder.
d. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs-Professor H. M.
Dorr. No report.
e. Deans' Conference-Dean Hay-
f. Report to Faculty on Budget for
1946-47-Associate Dean L. S. Wood-
8. New business.
Sunday Library Service: On all
Sundays during the Fall and Spring
Semesters except during the holiday
periods, and beginning with Oct. 6,
the Main Reading Room and the
Periodical Room of the General Li-
brary will be kept open from 2:00-
Books from other parts of the
building which are needed for Sun-
day use will be made available in the
Main Reading Room if requests are
made on Saturday of an assistant in
the reading room where the books
are usually shelved.
Warner G. Rice
STUDENTS, COLLEGE OF LITERA-
TURE, SCIENCE & THE ARTS
Students are reminded of the fol-
lowing regulations which became ef-
fective with the beignning of the Fall
1) Students are expected to at-
tend classes regularly.
2) Wlen the instructor considers
the nunber of absences excessive,
that is, when a student's absence
from a course endangers his satis-
factory progress, the instructor
should send a written report on the
case to the Administrative Board for
action. Freshmen and sophomores
should be reported to the Chairman
of the Academic Counselors, Associ-
ate Dean, 1220 Angell Hall.
FOR ALL STUDENTS: ,
Counselors in Religion are provided
in two areas of experience;
1. Regardless of affiliation or the
lack of affiliation, the Counselor's of-
fice at 215 Angell Hall, 11:00-12:00
or 3:00-4:00 daily, is open to any stu-
dent or group.
2. According to your church af-
filiation, you will be served through
the S.R.A. at Lane Hall or at the Ann
Arbor worship center of your choice.
Your search for religious values
among the many values will have im-
mediate attention by trained Coun-
Seniors and Graduates in Mechani-
cal and Industrial-Mechanical En-
gineering: Students who expect to
graduate in Feb. or June, 1947, should
call at once at the Mechanical Eng.
Office, Rm. W. Eng. Bldg., and fill
out a personnel record form. This is
important as a permanent record for
future reference and is necssary for
IF AT YOUNG people are more election-mind-
ed this year than ever before is a reasonable
assumption in the light of recent war experi-
ences and the phenomenal increase in college
This year's elections should be of particular
interest to the younger residents of Michigan
for several reasons.
An unusually large number of younger citi-
zens participated in the primary campaigns and
are now running for various state and national
The progressive American Veterans Commit-
tee has undertaken the task of awakening inter-
est in the coming elections on the part of the
voters, and success in this venture seems already
IT SO HAPPENS
0 Give Them a Finger
Something for NOTHING
LES ETTER, who handles public relations for
the boys down in the Sports Building, told
us this one.
It seems he received a request for a compli-
mentary ticket to the game Saturday from some-
one who undoubtedly felt that he had one com-
ing to him. The catch comes in the form of
It was a telegram, collect.
OUR ADVERTISING department tells us that
we now have subscribers receiving The
Daily in Istanbul, Manila, and "points east."
The DOB is sent on ahead by carrier
pigeon, of course.
* * * *
Less Than Meets the Eye
WHEN FIELDING H. YOST died, the Battle
Creek Enquirer and News printed a picture
of the famous coach and received next day an
abusive letter from a reader.
This anonymous person wrote the paper
saying "Shame ! Shame! Shame ! What do you
mean by printing a picture of Coach Yost with
a pipe, when you know he never smoked!" But
a quick look at the picture showed Coach Yost
dangling spectacles in front of his face.
The Enquirer is taking up a fund to buy
spectacles for the hapless reader.
* * * *
A Common Mistake
PORTS enthusiasts who followed the post-
pennant race exhibition games recently
apparent, in view of the numerous requests for
information they have received already.
With this quickened interest in the import-
ance of choosing the right persons for the
responsibilities of government, citizens of
Michigan who are approaching the voting age
should be especially concerned with a cam-
paign promise made last week by Murray D.
Van Wagoner, Democratic candidate for gov-
Van Wagoner has committed himself defi-
nitely on the question of lowering the age limit
for voters by promising that he will put through
this change if he is elected.
Although American voters have generally
learned to be skeptical of promises made in the
heat of election campaigns, these promises
should not be taken lightly, if only because such
statements in themselves enhance the possibility
of the change.
The importance of enabling eighteen-year-
olders to vote cannot be minimized. Although
several states have already made this change
or are considering it, its success is still largely
a matter of conjecture. Endless arguments can
be carried on as to whether one is more able
to vote wisely and well at twenty-one years of
age than at eighteen.
Certainly lowering the age limit would en-
sure a larger element of liberalism in the po-
litical thought of the state. Government of-
fice seekers would have an enlarged body of
voters to consider, and the immediate wishes
and needs of these younger persons might
influence vote-hunters to broaden and liberal-
ize their platforms and programs to a con-
Without a doubt, this element of youthful
progressiveness would be beneficial to the state,
if supplemented by serious and conscientious
preparation before the voting age was reached,
a vital responsibility for every educator.
If the state Republicans are awake, the
question of lowering the voting-age limit will
become a serious issue in the next few weeks.
It certainly deserves the thoughtful considera-
tion of every citizen in the state, whether or
not he will be casting a ballot next month.
We know the purpose of the Baruch and
Acheson-Lilienthal plans is security, not des-
truction of Russia's economy. But our own con-
fidence in our own motives does not answer Rus-
those who wish to take advantage of
interviews for positions with indus-
Rhodes Scholarship candidates:
There will be a preliminary meeting
of all candidates from the University
for the Rhodes Scholarship on Mon.,
Oct. 7, at 4:15 in Rm. 2003 .Angell
Hall. Formal application blanks to
be completed on or before Oct. 7 and
additional information may be ob-
tained from Prof. Clark Hopkins,
1508 Rackham Bldg.
Choral Union Ushers: Will the fol-
lowing please report to the Hill Au-
ditorium box office between 4:30-5:30
Mon., Oct. 7, for second balcony as-
Allan Albert, R. M. Amberg; Frank
Arams, Betty Bloxsom, Thelma
Brown, Jean Curtis, Felice Davidson,
Tom Dickinson, Dan Dow, Ann Ebert,
Mrs. Frank Essenburg, Harriet Falls,
Colleen Flanery, Shirley Greenburg,
Nelson Hauenstein, Herbert Kahn,
Lucinda Hieber, J. Hoan, Mary Ong-
wersen, Gilbert Iser, Harold Jackson,
Jean King, Wm. Kuzel, Betty Leavitt,
Henry M. Leiman, Gail Locken, Bar-
bara Luke, Nancy MacKaye, Eliz.
McLaughlin, George Medcy, Mar-
garet Miller, Delilah Murrah, Sidney
Owsowitz, Alan Pasch, Marcia Res-
nick, William Resnick, Russell Low-
ell, Dawn Saari, Elaine Schmid, Jean
Schutt, Leroy Steinmann, Norbert
Temple, Barbara Walker, Bill Wilkin-
Choral Union Ushers. Will the fol-
lowing please report to the Hill Audi-
torium box office between 4:30-5:30
Mon., Oct. 7, for Ticket assignments.
Eugene Brody, Howard Carrothers,
Dustin Ordway, Fred Eggert, Ernest
Getz, Charles La Perriere Thomas
Loomis, D. R. MacNaughton, Thomas
Potts, Joseph Rourke, Fred Seegert,
Paul Taggett, Herbert Wolfson, Al-
1. Underclassmen who turned in
tickets on Monday and Tuesday may
present their receipts at the booth in
University Hall for new tickets be-
tween the hours of 8:30 a.m. and 4:30
p.m. on Fri., Oct. 4, and from 8:00
a.m. until 12:00 noon on Sat., Oct.
5. Only official receipts stamped
with the University Seal will be hon-
ored. No receipts will be honored
after 12:00 noon on Sat.
2. Underclassmen who hold tickets
in sections 24 to 28, inclusive, and
who failed to turn them in on Mon.
or Tues. may turn them in at the
booth in the North Lounge of the
Union from 8:30 a.m. until 12:00
noon on Fri., Oct. 4. This is ab-
solutely the last chance to turn in
tickets without disciplinary action.
3. Upperclassmen holding tickets
in sections 29 to 35, inclusive, may
present them for tickets in the pre-
ferred sections at the booth in the
Union from 1:00 p.m. until 4:30 p.m.
4. Underclassmen turning in tick-
ets on Fri. morning may Wesent
their receipts for new tickets from
8:00 a.m. until 12:00 noon on Sat.
Only official receipts will be honored.
No receipts will be honored after
12:00 noon on Sat.
5. Underclassmen presenting re-
ceipts for tickets on Fri. and Sat.
will be given a second type of re-
ceipt. This receipt is evidence that
the holder participated in the volun-
tary exchange, and will protect him
from disciplinary action. Each un-
derclassman is warned to retain this
second receipt, as it is his only pro-
tection from disciplinary action in
event of an error in the records of
President, Student Legislature
WILLOW VILLAGE PROGRAM
for veterans and their wives. West
Court Community Bldg., 1045Mid-
way Blvd., Willow Run Village.
Oct. 9: Goodyear's Style Show,
sponsored by the Wives of Student
Veterans' Club. Everybody is cor-
Oct.: 16: Dean Hayward Keniston
will speak. This lecture' will inaug-
urate a series of Wed. night
lectures at West Court. They will
be given by outstanding people from
the University and are open to the
University Lecture: "The Possibili-
ties of Educational Measprement in
Higher Education," by Dr. Kenneth
W. Vaughn, Director of the Gradu-
ate Record Examination and of the
Pre-Engineering Inventory. This lec-
ture will be of interest to faculty
members and students who are con-
cerned with the future of objective
achievement and ability tests. The
lecture is sponsored by the Bureau
of Psychological Services of the In-
stitute for Human Adjustment.
Rackham Amphitheater. Tues., Oct.
8, at 4:15 p.m.
Makeup Examination in Econom-
ics 51, 52, 53, 54 final will be given in
Rm. 207 Economics Bldg., at 3:00 on
Thurs. Oct. 10.
Preliminary Ph.D. Examinations in
Economics will be held during the
week beginning Mon., Oct. 28. Each
student planning to take these ex-
aminations should leave with the sec-
retary of the department, not later
than Mon., Oct. 14, his name, the
three fields in which he desires to be
examined, and his field of specializa-
Business Administration 123: Will
the following students report for lab,
Rm. 106 Rackham, at the specified
times. Mon., Oct. 7, 10:00 a.m., M.
Savas, and H. Williams; 1:00 p.m.
S. Simmons and P. Wiledon; 3:00
p.m., W. Hibbard, L. Daugherty, T.
Fellows, and J. Nickel. Tues., Oct. 8,
8:00 a.m., R., Sepell and D. Miller;
9:00 a.m., R. Brown, L. England, C.
Mintline and W. Radell; 11:00 a.m.,
F. Baumgardner, P. Clifton, R. Co-
jeen, and M. Rubin; 1:00 p.m., E.
Crosley and W. Kohler; 2:00 p.m.,
D. De Waard, W. Johnson, A. Me-
dalie, J. Rolley, N. Singer and R.
Mathematics 300: Orientation
Seminar will meet Mon., Oct. 7, at
7:00 p.m. in Rm. 3001 Angell Hall.
Fencing classes for men will meet
in the combat room of the I.M. Bldg,
on Tues., Wed., and Thurs from 4:30..
5:30 p.m. Beginners welcome. Foils
and masks will be furnished.
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: No courses may
be elected for credit after today.
Students, .College. of .Literature,
Science and the Arts and Graduate
Students: Dr. Kenneth W. Vaughn,
director of the Graduate Record Ex-
amination, will discuss the examina-
tion with students of the College on
Tues., Oct. 8. Dr. Vaughn will discuss
in detail the results of the examina-
tion taken by sophomores and seniors
in May of the Spring semester. The
meeting will be of interest to stu-
dents who have taken the examina-
tion and to those who expect to. All
are urged to attend. Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. 8:00 p.m. Dean Keniston
Veterans, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts:
Veterans who were admitted to this
College as special students will be ac-
cepted as regular students after they
have successfully completed two se-
mesters' work. A summer session
cannot be counted as a full semester's
work. Students in this category who
have failed to earn a satisfactory rec-
ord will be asked to withdraw.
No special application need be filed
to become a regular student.
Carillon Recital: Sidney F. Giles,
University Assistant Carillonneur,
will be heard in a program at 3:60
p.m. Sun., Oct. 6. Program: La Man-
on, and Gigue, by Couperin, Intro-
duction, Song and Fugue by Nees,
Menuet and Trio by Mr. Giles; Men-
delssohn's Confidence, Rebikoff's Au-
tumn Reverie, O Sole Mio by Capua,
and Benoit's Rubensmarsch.
The Museum of Art presents water
colors by Dong Kingman and De
Hirsh Margules from Oct. 4-Oct. 27,
Alumni Memorial Hall, daily, includ-
ing Sunday, 2:00-5:00 p.m. Mon-
days closed. The public is cordially
Association Luncheon - Discussion
Group will meet today at 12:15 at
Lane Hall. Winston W. Thomas of
Bogota, Colombia, will be the speak-
er. Reservations for the lunch may
(Continued on Page 6)
Edited and managed by students of the
University of Michigan under the author-
ity of the Board in Control of Student
Robert Goldman ........Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheim...Editorial 'Director
Clayton Dickey.................City Editor
Mary Brush...............Associate Editor
Ann Kutz.................Associate Editor
Paul Harsha...............Associate Editor
Clark Baker ...............Sports Editor
Joan Wilk..............Women's Editor
Lynne Ford......Associate Women's Editor
Robert E. Potter ........ Business Manager
Evelyn Mills... AssoctatetBusiness Manager
Janet Cork....Associate Business Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively en-
titled to the use for re-publication of all
ne~ws dispa~tc~hes Icritedto itor '-',.
What about Gus, the Ghost,
Mr. O'Malley? And Atlas,
the Mental Giant? Are you
They're valued colleagues- To
write a syllabus for the School
System without consulting them-
Say goodnight to your
father. But don't ask
questions. He's busy
k Gosh, Morn. So is moy