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January 17, 1947 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-01-17

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DAILY
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FAIR AND
WARMER

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVII, No. 84 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 17, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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Plan

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Talmadge Seizes Governor's Offices

Plan.

Will Create

ThomPson In
Line To Take
Arnall's Post
State Police Take
Talmadge Orders
By The Associated Press
ATLANTA, Jan. 16 - Herman
Talmadge seized Georgia's guber-
natorial chambers and Executive
Mansion today in tactics which his
rival claimant, Ellis Arnall, des-
cribed as the "perfect panzer
movement" which gave control to
"storm troops."
State patrolmen, answering only
to Talmadge, stood guard at the
capitol, and mansion. Talmadge
later declined to comment on the
"storm troops" statement. t
4I hate to think what would
happen," Arnall was told by their
commander at the mansion when
he asked what they would do if
he tried to use his key.
Sources.close to Lieutenant Gov-
ernr-elect M. E. Thompson said
Thompson would take the oath of
office at 11 a.m. Monday, thus
qualifying to succeed Arnall under
the latter's resignation filed with
Georgia's secretary of state last
week-end.
The resignation was to become
effective "immediately on qualifi-
cation of the lieutenant governor."
As the dual state administra-
tions neared the close of their
second business day, the capitol
was thrown briefly into turmoil
by the explosion of a firecracker
high up in the rotunda above the
spot where Arnall established his
temperary "office" this morning.
Shortly after this incident the
Talmadge - appointed adjutant
general, Marvin Griffin, issued an
order that state guardsmen should
not bring rifles into the capitol.
"I will bust the stock on every
gun brought into the statehouse,"
Griffin declared.
Arnall's move into the rotunda
today followed early morning seiz-
ure of the executive chambers by
Talmadge and his adherents.
When the general assembly con-
vened in midmorning, the senate
gave further support to Talmadge's
legislative election by confirming
three of his top appointees. At the
same time Talmadge house forces
beat down a proposal for an as-
sembly recess until the state
supreme court rules on who is
governor.
Arnall, who has served a four-
year term, reiterated his conten-.
tion that the legislature was with-
out authority to elect Talmadge
as his successor. He said he would
step down when M. E. Thompson
is installed as lieutenant governor
and can claim the office.
City Manager
Plan-Approved
B yBromage
Wholehearted approval of the
city manager plan of government
proposed for Ann Arbor was ex-
pressed by Prof. Arthur W. Brom-
age, of the political science depart-
ment, but he added that this sys-
tem should go hand-in-hand with
non-partisan council elections.
"The system would work ex-
tremely well," he said, "provided
there were a comprehensive revi-
sion of the charter, subject to pub-
lic referendum, to make the coun-
cil non-partisan and to bring.ad-
ministrative departments of the

city clearly under the authority
of the manager." .
Benefits of the city manager
plan were indicated by Prof. Brom-
age. A survey of cities having this
type o1 government showed a les-
sening of party and factional in-
terests resulted, managers im-
proved the administrative organi-
zation of the city, greater civic
leadership backed them, new koy-
ernment functions were developed
as efficiency was demonstrated,

Pres. Truman Meets
'Big Six 'Policy Group
Sen. Vandenberg Reports 'Open Forum,'
Bi-Partisan Harmony Sessions To Continue

WASHINGTON, Jan. 16-(P)-
President Truman's first meeting
with his "big six" Congressional
Committee side-stepped partisan
politics today, participants report-
ed, and achieved "harmony" on
the prospect of cooperation be-
tween the White House and the
GOP-dominated Congress.
Senator Vandenberg (Rep.,
Mich.), President of the Senate,
Rep. Jenkins
Attacks Low
Tariff Policy
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16-(P)-
The first move in the dominantly-
Republican congress against the
Democratic Administration's tar-
iff-cutting powers - a corner-
stone of its foreign policy - was
started today by Rep. Jenkins
(Rep.-Ohio).
He filed a resolution calling up-
on President Truman to postpone
a scheduled 18-nation conference
at Geneva in March to conclude
reciprocal trade pacts.
Charges Speed-Up
In a tartly-worded statement,
he contended the Administration
had "speeded up" it reciprocal
trade program since the Republi-
can election' victories in Novem-
ber in order to conclude then "be-
fore Congress can act in the mat-
ter."
Chairman Knutson (Rep.-Minn.)
of the Ways and Means Commit-
tee, on which Jenkins sits, al-
ready has declared reciprocal
trade matters will be given a high
priority on the committee's busy
schedule. Jenkins' resolution may
set the stage for a preliminary
showdown.
If passed by the House, it would
request the President to delay any
further adjustri ent of duties un-
der the reciprocal trade agree-
ment act pending a "scientific
study" by the United-States Tariff
Commission and a report to Con-
gress.
Outright Repeal
Rep. Reed (Rep.-N.Y.), also a
member of the Ways and Means
Committee, told a reporter he is
working on a bill for outright re-
peal of the Reciprocal Trade Act.
The act permits the administra-
tion to cut tariffs as much as 50
per cent in return for concessions
from other countries.
He expects others to be intro-
duced which would call for con-
gressional confirmation of past
and future reciprocal agreements
-a move privately but vigorously
bucked by the State Department.
Girls Move Out
For Semester
Thirty-two members of Gamma
Phi Beta sorority were out of their
chapter house at 1520 S. Univer-
sity again yesterday, this time for
the rest of the semester.
As final examinations are start-
ing next week, and their furnace
is still not operating properly, the
Office of the Dean of Women, the
alumnae members, and the Gam-
ma Phis themselves decided they
should be rehoused for the rest of
the semester.
Arrangements were made yes-
terday afternoon for the women
to live in the League until ex-
aminations are over.

emphasized that it was a harmoni-
ous "open forum" carried out in
an atmosphere of goodwill. He in-
dicated that future meetings will,
continue to be held in a non-parti-
san vein.
Vandenberg said in reply to a
reporter's question that the con-
troversial matter of Mr. Truman's
$37,500,000,000 budget proposal did
not come under discussion.
Specifically, Mr. Truman and his
six party-leader consultants
delved into the huge and compli-
cated task of clearing away ap-
proximately $22,247,000,000 in the
war surplus properties.
Mr. Truman sent word to news-
men after the 50-minute session-
which lasted 20 minutes longer
than scheduled-that it was "a
very satisfactory meeting.
Besides Vandenberg, the group
included three other Republicans
and two Democrats: Senate Ma-
jority Leader White (Rep., Maine),
House Speaker Martin (Rep.,
Mass.), House Majority Leader
Halleck (Rep., Ind.), Senate Mi-
nority Leader Barkley (Dem., Ky.)
and House Minority Leader Ray-
burn (Dem., Texas).
Newr Contract
To Aid Snowu
Removal Here
A special session of the Ann
Arbor Common Council and the
Board of Public Works yesterday
passed what they hope will be a
solution to the sidewalk snow re-
moval problem which has plagued
them all winter.
Under terms of the new contract
between the city and the Public
Service Company, a total of $15,-
941 will be paid by the city for
an estimated 20 sidewalk snow
removals. Included in the total
are sums of $1,724 for removals
already completed and $6,200 for
insurance and depreciation on
equipment.
Stormy History
The history of negotiations be-
tween the Public Service Company,
headed by James Woodul, ex-Uni-
versity student, and the city, has
been a stormy one. The original
agreement provided that the com-
pany would clean only those walks
uncleaned by property owners, bil-
ling the city who would in turn
bill the owner through tax dupli-
cates.
A revised contract provided that
Woodul's organization would clean
walks of the entire city on a cost-
plus ten per cent basis. Balking
at Woodul's estimate for work al-
ready completed, council called a
special session yesterday to re-
consider the matter.
Rental B is
The new contract is on a rental
basis, with the city paying on a
per cleaning arrangement. If less
than 20 snow removals are car-
ried out during the winter, the
figure of $15,941 will be modified
proportionately.
A feature of the new contract is
the 30-day option given the city
on the Public Service Company's
equipment. Between April and
May the city may purchase the
company's equipment for $33,000,
a figure which includes payment
for all work done during this win-
ter season. Ten jeeps equipped
with brushes and plows are used
by -the company in their snow re-
moval work.

Coeds To Be
Liberated for
J=Hop Feast
Breakfast Parties
To Run Till 4 A.M.
Women students attending the
J-Hop dance will have 2:30 a.m.
permission, while those attending
approved breakfast parties after
the dance will have 4 a.m. per-
mission both Friday and Saturday,
Feb. 7 and 8, Dean of Women
Alice C. Lloyd announced yester-
day.
All other parties except those
arranged by the J-Hop Commit-
tee and approved by the Dean of
Students will end at midnight
and women students will have
the regular 12:30 a.m. permis-
sion for them. Women students
will have 4 a.m. permission for
approved fraternity parties.
Fraternities are requested to
submit to the Office of the Dean
of Women official lists of women
students who plan to attend their
house parties. House directors may
grant overnight permission to
these women after checking the
lists in the Office of the Dean
of Women.
Tickets for the J-Hop break-
fasts which will be served from
1 to 3:30 a.m. Feb. 7 and 8 at
the Union and League, will be
on sale at the Union and League
beginning today until the end of
the final examination period.
Breakfast tickets cost $1.50 per
couple, and purchasers must pre-
sent their J-Hop tickets in order
to buy them. The breakfast menu
includes fruit juice, cereal, toast,
bacon, eggs, and milk or coffee. A
total of 500 couples will be served
each night of the J-Hop.
All J-lop tickets for Satur-
day night' have been sold out,
but there are a few remaining
for Friday night which may be
obtained by calling Nancy Neu-
mann. Neither breakfast nor
J-Hop dance tickets will be sold
at the door.
A miniature model of the J-Hop
dance floor, including the decora-
tions and pipe-stem figures of
dancers, will go on display today
in the window of a local book-
store.
A new feature of this year's
J-Hop, free refreshments will be
served. Each booth will have
a, separate ginger ale dispenser.
Novel favors have been planned
for all women guests, but thecom-
mittee requests that no corsages
be worn. It is a tradition that only
central committee members or
their dates wear corsages to the
J-Hop.
'The Truth'
Opens Today
"The Truth," a four-act comedy
by Clyde Fitch, will be presented
by Play Production at 8:30 p.m.
today, and at 2:30 and 8:30 p.m.
tomorrow in the Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre.
"The Truth" is a drawing-room
comedy of the beginning of the
century depicting the complicated
affairs of Becky Warder, a born
liar, and her eventual reconcilia-
tion with her husband.
Serene Sheppard plays Becky
Warder, and John Babington is
co-starred as her weary husband.
Tickets will be on sale today
and tomorrow at the Lydia Men-

delssohn box office.

New Cabinet Post
Over War, Navy
Separate Air Force To Be Formed;
Plan Still Must Face New Congress
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16-A compromise plan designed to unify
the Armed Services while retaining their separate administration and
military leadership was announced tonight by President Truman with
the blessing of both the Army and Navy.
It would create a separate air force and place a new Secre-
tary of National Defense in over-all charge of the army and navy.
Each of the three services would have secretaries, too, who may be
cabinet members.
The expected unification would be achieved by vesting the Sec-
retary of National Defense with authority to lay down common poli.
cies and programs for the three arms. But each department would be
administered as a unit.
Moreover each service would 0

TAKES OATH-With right hand raised, Herman Talmadge
stands at a meeting of Georgia State legislators in Atlanta, Ga.,
and is administered the oath of office by Judge W. C. Worrill. Di-
rectly behind microphone is Mrs. Herman Talmadge.
'OUT THAR' LIMITED:
University Discloses Losses
OnWlo Run bus Operation

In answer to many student com-
plaints over the Willow Run bus
service, the University yesterday
opened its books showing the cost
of operation for the buses.
In the past six months, the
records show an aggregate pas-
enger load of 412,995 at a cost of
$77,925.90 with paid receipts
amounting to $34,724.06, leaving
a deficit of $43,201.84 to be met
by the University.
Brown Blasts
U. S. Education
Drama Critic Hits
Attitude on Culture
The American people's "passion
for mediocrity" is shown nowhere
more than in their attitude to-
ward education, John Mason
Brown, associate editor of the
Saturday Review of Literature,
said last night in the fifth lecture
of this season's Oratorical Associ-
ation series.
"The American brain is the least
used muscle in our anatomy," the
See Page 2 for Daily interview
with John Mason Brown.
drama critic said. "When it comes
to cultural endeavor, our educa-
tion has been a lamentable and
conspicuous failure. The average
college graduate has lain on the
beach but refused to be sunburn-
ed."
Our post-war era is character-
ized by an overwhelming con-
fusion and despair, Brown said.
For the first time in history we,
face not only the possibility of
individual death, but also the
threat of mass destruction by the
atomic bomb or biological war-
fare.
We have talked publicly of a
United Nations, while individual
powers play old-time power poli-
tics, Brown pointed out.
"We have done almost every-
thing we could to squander the re-
sponsibility we won in the war,"
he added.

Sixteen regular drivers, two
starters and 10 part-time stu-
dent drivers are employed by the
University. They operate 29
buses to and from the Village
with runs starting at 7:15 a.m.
and continuing until 11:15 p.m.,
with a three-hour break during
the afternoon and evening.
On Friday and Saturday nights
two special buses are run by the
University for the convenience of
the students at 12:15 a.m. and 1:15
a.m. The drivers on these two
runs are paid overtime and elect
to take the runs.
The bus service began in Novem-
ber, 1945, and carried a total of
2,948 passengers that month. A
year later the buses carried 92,-.
396, and cost the University $18,-
301.41 for the service, while in
October, they transported 111, 184
passengers at a loss of $6,420.01.
The official pointed out that
the drivers have a tremendous re-
sponsibility in bad weather. "We
have had buses run several hours.
behind schedules but that is bet-
ter than taking the risk of turn-
ing one of them over when it is
loaded with students," he stated.
The service so far, has not had
a single accident to either the
students or the buses since they
began operating.
Horowitz Will
Play Tn hli
Concert Marks Sixth.
Local Performance
Beginning his program with Mo-
zart's Sonata in A major, Vladi-
mir Horowitz, pianist, will present
the seventh concert of the Choral
Union Series at 8:30 p.m. today in
Hill Auditorium.
Horowitz, a native Russian,
made his American debut in 1928
with the New York Philharmonic
Symphony Orchestra. Since that
time, except for a temporary re-
tirement from 1936 to 1939, he has
been one of the major attractions
of the American concert season.
Today's concert will be his sixth
performance in Ann Arbor. After
appearing here for the first time in
1928 as soloist with the Detroit
Symphony Orchestra, he returned
to give solo programs in 1930, 1933,
1941 and 1945.
During the war Horowitz raised
millions of dollars in war bonds
by giving concerts, including a

have its own military chief, with
no over-all military commander as
proposed in previous merger plans.
' The Navy would keep its Ma-
rine Corps and its land-based
aviation, both fighting and
transport. Other concessions to
the Navy also are contained in
the plan.
A number of congressmen of
both partiesimmediately applaud-
ed it. The Republican chairman
of the Senate and House armed
forces committees predicted early
passage of the necessary law.
Some legislators warily said they
wanted to see details before com-
mitting themselves and one-Sen-
ator Robertson-(Rep., Wyo.) said
some parts of the plan seemed
"loosely drawn."
The plan provides for four
Secretaries where now there are
only the two-The Secretaries
of War and the Navy. All four
may have cabinet status, said
Chairman Gurney (Rep., S.D.)
of the Senate Armed Forces
Committee, in Congress' discre-
tion.
Chairman Andrews (Rep., N.Y.)
of the House Armed Forces Com-
mittee called the plan "splendid"
but noted it "provides for integra-
tion, not merger as such."
The President had urged unifi-
cation in his state of the union
message as an economy measure,
but he made.no mention of econ-
omy in a letter to Secretary of War
Patterson and Secretary of the
Navy Forrestal, congratulating
them upon their agreement.
The Navy itself "will not be re-
stricted as to types of aircraft
maintained and operated" ex-
cept that its air operations are
to be "coordinated" with those
of the separate air force to be
set up. The Army proposal to re-
strict the Navy in its operation
of land-based planes previously
had caused bitter opposition in
Naval Circles.
The Navy not only will continue.
its air operations, including air
transport, but also will continue its
own aviation development an
procurement programs.
1. The establishment of a Coun-
cil of National Defense,, a National
Security Resources Board and
a Central Intelligence Agency
(which already exists).
2. Organization of the Armed
Forces under a Secretary of Na-
tional Defense.
3. Creation of a war council
consisting of the secretary of na-
tional defense, as chairman and
with power of decision; the-secre-
taries of the army, navy, and the
air force, and the military heads of
the three services.
The war council would concern
itself with "matters of broad pol-
icy relating to the armed forces."
4. Establishment of a joint
chiefs of staff, made up of the
military heads of the three services
and the chief of staff to the Presi-
dent. Subject to authority of the
secretary of national defense, the
joint chiefs of staff would pro-
vide for the strategic plans, as-
sign logistics responsibilities to the
services and integrate military re-
quirements.
5. Establishment of a full-time
joint staff to consist initially of not

Excise Taxes
Will Remain
On War Level
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16-(P)-
A bill to continue high wartime ex-
cise taxes at the present rate in-
definitely was introduced in the
House today and Republican tax
managers moved to push it
through quickly.
The bill, H.R. 1030, was offered
by Rep. Grant (Rep., Ind.). Presi-
dent Truman had requested such
legislation.
The decision of Republican tax
managers in the House to get be-
hind it represented a change of
stand on their part. They ex-
plained that it is necessary to pass
the bill if income taxes are to be
cut.
Chairman Knutson (Rep.,
Minn.) of the Ways and Means
Committee told newsmen it will
be given priority over H.R. 1, the
income tax cut, and everything
else and may be approved by the
committee at its first meeting to-
morrow.
Knutson and other Republicans
had expressed the intention of
passing legislation to put the re-
ductions into effect before July 1
-as quickly as possible, so that
customers would not defer pur-
chases in anticipation of lower
prices July 1, t the detriment of
the businesses concerned.
Elimination of the July 1 roll-
back and continuation of the pres-
ent rates means that the taxes will
be:
Liquor-$9 a proof gallon in-
stead of $6.
Furs, jewelry, luggage, cos-
metics and theatre tickets-20
per cent, instead of 10.
Night club checks-20 per cent
instead of 5.
Telephone bills-Long distance,
25 per cent instead of 20; local, 15
per cent instead of 10.
Transportation tickets-15 per
cent instead of 10.
Wines-Present high rates in-
stead of reductions in the various
categories of quality.
Beer-$8 a barrel instead of $7,
Club dues and membership fees
-20 per cent instead of 11.
Imported perfumes-$9 a gallon
instead of $6.
Billiard and pool tables and
bowling alleys-$20 a year per ta-
ble or alley instead of $10.
Technic To Be
On Sale Today
The January issue of the Michi-
gan Technic will be on sale today
and tomorrow in the Engineering
Arch and in East Engineering
Building.
A unique feature of this issue,
according to the editors, is that no
pages are missing. They refer to
the December issue when page 23
was allegedly stolen by "some
eager little Gargoyles."
Veterans Checks
Held at Post Office

GREENLEAF WHITTIER SLEPT HERE:
Antique Dealers Crowd Sale of Myra Jordan Estate

By NATALIE BAGROW

purchase from his mother by the

former Japanese medical student,

left little provision in her will for

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