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January 12, 1947 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-01-12

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I

FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRYDAY, JANUARY 14, 1947

I _____________________________________________

WORLD AFFAIRS:
Marshall's Own Mess

IOMINIE Sayp:

! .1

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

By HAROLD L. ICKES
IT IS supremely fitting that George C.
Marshall should become Secretary of
State at the present moment. It is also an
example of historical irony.
For George Marshall, as former U. S.
Chief of Staff, is more responsible than
any other living American for the pre-
sent world mess which it now becomes
his business to straighten out.
As the suprenie American military au-
thority during the war, General Marshall
had more influence on American military
policies than anybody else. It was his de-
cision to invade France rather than the
Balkans-as Winston Churchill pleaded-
which handed eastern Europe to the Soviet
Union. (Whether. the General shares the
Presidential responsibility for our abandon-
ing the' west-Oriented Mihailovitch for the
Moscow stooge, Tito, has not been revealed.
It was General Marshall who, by bring-
ing the Soviets (as it happened, quite un-
necessarily into the Far Eastern war, is
largely responsible for the present mess in
China. Had the Soviets stayed out of that
war, or been allowed in only at the price of
making concessions to us, they would not
now: be in possession of the Kurile Islands,
semi-possession of Darien and Port Arthur,
de facto possession of the Manchurian rail-
ways and virtual possession of Outer Mon-
golia.
It, is therefore highly fitting that the
General, as Secretary of State, should face
the task of preventing the Soviets from
taking over all China through the Chinese
Conmmunist Party and the greater task of
preserving Germany for the western world.
In the former task, General Marshall has
just tied his hand and failed. For although
the basic policy of mediation in the Chinese
Civil War was President Truman's, the
General in China virtually wrote his own
ticket.
His failure was not his fault. Conceivably,
the policy was cock-eyed from the begin-
ning. There is perhaps no more room for
a coalition between Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-shek and Moscow- Chinese Mao Tse-
tung than there would be for a "coalitionV
between President Harry Truman and Mos-
cow-American William Z. Foster.
IN CHINA, General Marshall won univers r
respect. The decent Chinese were all
sorry to see him leave. The General's re=s
port on the present situation in China is a
model of frank statement. Communist abuse
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT, EDITOR: STUART FINLAYSON

of Americans and American policy, backed
by the communist- inspired student riots
against the American marines, are merely
what can be expected from a party of
Charley Macarthys who sing or curse, howl
or coo on order from Moscow.
George C. Marshall enters his new career
with a fine reputation. There are however
two strikes against him.
The fist strike-President Truman not-
withstanding-is that the new Secretary
of State is an Army General. Democrat
though he be, there is a long and sound
American tradition against entrusting
generals with civilian functions. There is
something startling in the thought that
at the coming vital Moscow Conference to
determine the future of Germany, the
American people wil be represented by
three and possibly four professional mil-
itary men-Secretary of State General
Marshall, German expert General Lucius
Clay, Aufrian expert General Mark Clark
and Ambassador to Moscow, General
Walter Bedell Smith.
What would Abraham Lincoln, Thomas
Jefferson or Woodrow Wilson have thought
of such a line-up? Surely their first ques-
tion to Harry Truman would have been:
"Are there then among the American
people no competent civilians conversant
with world affairs?"
There are, of course. But many are news-
men, some few are in business and in uni-
versities, three or four are' in the Senate.
WHICH BRINGS ME to the second handi-
cap the General will face as Secretary of
State. In the top bracket of the Department
is no single individual fully conversant with
international politics all over the world. It
is no criticism of Under Secretary Acheson
and Assistant Secretary Clayton to say that
both are diplomatic amateurs-the one an
ex-lawyer and Treasury official, the other
a cotton broker. The Assistant Secretaries
are either area-specialists like Spruille
Braden (the best of the lot) or technical
specialists like William Benton.
In the entire Department is no single
individual to whom the new Secretary of,
State can turn for a truly world policy.
Yet nothing less can be effective.
Other democracies, cope with this problem
by maintaining a permanent director (like'
an under-secretary) who rmains ten or
twenty years through changing administra-
tions and gives breadth and continuity to
policy.
Lacking such a man, the best that Tru-
man and Marshall can do is to stumble
along, seeking advice where they can get
it, from area or technical specialists, from
Senators, from expei nced diplomats (it'
they can find any of quality) and from the
newsmen.
They will need all the help they can get.
(Copyright 1947, Press Alliance, Inc.)

WHEN A YOUTH sets out to be a goo
Christian, a just Jew, a devout Moham
medan, or a pious Hindu, he must pas
through many stages of growth. Contin
uously he must seek to attain equanimity
An older citizen trying to manifest equan
imity may see his social and political worl
falling to pieces about his ears. Were i
today: At home the divorce rate catchin
up with marriage and a juvenile problem
threatening all education, would vex hi
spirit.. Abroad, he would see great France
freed at a terrible price, bogging down anew
because party conflict as yet cannot be re
solved into government. The Chinese fight
ing off Japan only to land in a civil war
as General Marshall returns with the five
hundred-million dollar loan in his insid
pocket would disturb him. Oil trade in Iran
between the adjacent Soviets on one reser
vation and remote Western traders on an
other, should lead one to wonder whethe
poise on his part is a virtue or a vice. Ye
equanimity must be the aim of every ma
of faith.
In his youth, trying to be a Christian,
he was sorely upset by such odd happen-
ings as that in the recent student meet-
ing in Chicago where young southern gen-
tlemen and their northern associates re-
considered the Civil War. Could he be-
lieve in God or count on the social force
we call "the people" and look for an ul-
timate triumph of good over evil? Then
he would refuse to be perturbed for he
could pray fervently and readt with de-
cision.
When he arrived at his junior year th
necessity of selecting his collegiate majo
was very important. Would a genuine col
lege man succumb to the current vocation
ism and plunge directly into pre-Law, o
pre-Medicine, or pre-Business? Or coul
he take another look at the stars and sta
by culture for two years more? Could h
wish so much for the loftier ranges of th
Law, or care so seriously for creativity i
Medicine, or see Business as such a holy call
ing that all decisions, even as an undergrad
uate, would at least serve for the centur
and not a day? Salvation is according t
his equanimity.
He is out of his preparatory years -a
responsible leader now. Aglow with th
work of his world, he looks at his time sched
ule. Shall he be a student all his days
alert, aggressive, assuming public as well a
private responsibility? Can he live abov
affairs for affairs' sake, court the ideal, en
gage in that reach of hope into the infinit
to which the saints have inspired us? Ca
he thrill to the ethical struggle of his group
community, and nation? Then he will hav
to have energy, know the inner value of hi
own resources, be able today to store up re
serves, and learn on what tomorrow to dra
on them. If so leadership may be his.
For Humanity sweeps onward: where
today the martyr stands,
On the morrow crouches Judas with th
silver in his hands;
Far in front the cross stands ready an
the crackling fagots burn,
While the hooting mob of yesterday i
the silent awe return
To glean up the scattered ashes into his
tory's golden urn.-Lowell
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Educatio
W hat~so
11ax..
BOYD RAEBURN ALBUM (Jewell): Thi
is an album that created much excite
ment and criticism, pro and con, in jaz
circles this year. Purists claim that it i
not jazz, modernists hail it as a great ste
forward in "progressive" and experimenta
jazz. Jazzy or not, this is stimulating music

Arrangers George Handy and Eddy Fincke
are responsible for the beautiful scorings
1947 Bebop Jazz Album (Dial):. Wes
Coast collector, critic, record-shop owne
Ross Russel is the producer of this inclusiv
anthology of bebop jazz. It is probably th
best bebop music to be put on wax so far
Dizzy Gillespie appears under the name o
"Gabriel," the only psuedonym occuring in
the album. Charlie Parker, Howard Mc
Ghee, Al Haig, Dodo Marmarosa, Herman
Herdmen, Flip Phillips, Serge Chaloff,
Ralph Burns, and Sonny Berman also par
ticipate. A pretty impressive array of tal
ent.
JEROME KERN MELODIES. Played b
Walter Gross: This Musicraft album
includes standards such as "Why WasI
Born," "All The Things You Are" and si
more Kern favorites. Walter Gross play
tasteful piano on all of the sides. His musi
is hard to describe. It is not jazz, yet i
is not corn. It is clean relaxed dance-music
Gross uses no vocals. This fact, in som
measure accounts for the superiority o
the album.
-Malcolm Raphael,

Publication In The Daily Official
- Bulletin is constructive notice to all
s members of the University. Notices
_ for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
. Assistant to the President, Room 1021
- Angell hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
d preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
It urdays. )
t _____
g SUNDAY, JANUARY 12, 1947
n VOL. LVII, No. 80
Is
Notices
Faculty, College of Engineering:
Faculty meeting, 4:15 p.m., Wed.,
Jan., 15, Rm. 348, W. Engineering
,Bldg.
e German Departmental Library
n books are due in the departmental
- office by Monday, Jan. 13, regard-
- less of date issued.
t Registration Material of
a LS.&A., Schools of Education and
Music. Students should present
their Cashier's Receipts for sec-
ond semester registration mate-
rials at Rm. 4, University Hall.
See your advisers and secure all
necessary signatures before ex-
aminations begin if possible.
Recreational Leadership -
Women Students: A course in
Recreational Leadership will be
offered by the Department of
Physical Education for Women
during the second semester on
Friday from 3-5 p.m. Students
wishing to do camp and play-
e ground work will find the overall
r survey of materials helpful. Wom-
- en students are asked to' fill out
- the application blank in Rm. 15,
r Barbour Gymnasium by January
d 17.
y Recommendations for Depart-
e mental Honors: Teaching depart-
e ments wishing to recommend ten-
a tative February graduates from
- the CollegerofaLiterature, Science,
- and the Arts, and the School of
y Education for departmental hon-
o ors should recommend such stu-
dents in a letter sent to the Reg-
a istrar's Office, Rm. 4, University
e Hall, by 4 p.m., Feb. 6.
Attention February Graduates:
s' College of Literature, Science, and
Ls the Arts, School of Education,
e School of Music, School of Public
- Health-students are advised not
e to request grades of I or X in Feb-
n ruary. When such grades are ab-
, solutely imperative, the work must
e be made up in time to allow your
s instructor to report the make up
grade not later than 4 p.m., Feb.
6. Grades received after that time
may defer the student's. gradua-
tion until a later date.
Applications for grants in sup-
e port of Research projects: To give
Research Committees and the Ex-
ecutive Board adequate time to
d study all proposals, it is requested
that faculty members desiring
n grants from the Research Fund in
support of research projects dur-
- ing 1947-48 file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School
by Friday, Feb. 7, 1947. Requests
for continuation of present pro-
n jects or renewals of previous re-
quests should also be made at
this time. Application forms will
be mailed or can be obtained at
Secretary's O f f i c e, Rm. 1006,
Rackham Bldg., Telephone 372.
Mechanical Engineering Febru-
ary 1947 Graduates: Mr. E. J.
Billings of Babcock & Wilcox
Company, New York, and Barber-
s ton, Ohio, will interview for posi-
- tions in that organization Tues-
day, Jan, 14, in the Mech. Eng.
.z Dept. Interview schedule is posted
s on the bulletin board at Room 221
P W. Engr. Bldg.
l February 1947 Graduates in
. Mechanical, Industrial-Mechani-

.l cal and Mettallurgical Engineer-
s. ing: Mr. W. S. Idler of Aluminum
, Company of America will inter-
r view Seniors and Graduate stu-
dents of above classification in
e the Dept. of Mech. Eng. on Tues-
day, Jan. 14. Interview schedule
. is posted on the bulletin board at
f Rm. 221 W. Engr. Bldg.
n
- February 1947 Graduates in
n Mechanical, Chemical Engineer-
f, ing and Business Administration:
Mr. D. F. Ellis of The Columbia
- Mills, Inc., will interview for po-
sitions in that organization, Wed-
nesday, Jan. 15, in the Mech. Eng-
Dept.
Interview schedule is posted on
I the bulletin board at Rm. 221 W.
X Engr. Bldg.
rs
c Willow Run Village Program:
t West Court Community Bldg.
Sun, Jan. 12, 10:45 a.m., Inter-
e denominational Church Service,
f Rev. J. Edgar Edwards (Nursery
provided); 4 p.m., Christian Fel-
lowship Group, Rev. Mr. Edwards,
leader.

Mon., Jan. 13, 7:30 p.m.. Rev.
J. Edgar Edwards' Counselling.
Tues., Jan. 14, 8 p.m., Spanish
Class, Ross School; 8 p.m., Nur-
sery School General Meeting,
Speaker, Miss Patricia Walsh, Su-
pervising Nurse, "Child Health".
Wed., Jan. 15, 7:30 p.m., Rev.
Mr. Edwards' Counselling; 8 p.m.,
Choir Rehearsal.
Thurs., Jan. 16, 3 p.m., Bridge;
8 p.m., Psychology Class; 8 p.m.,
Art-Craft Workshop.
Fri., Jan. 17, 8 p.m., Classical
Music Record Concert.
Lectures
University Lectures. Dr. T. C.
Lin (Lin Tung-chi), A.B. '28, Vis-
iting Chinese Professor of the
United States Departmnent of
State, will deliver a series of four
lectures on "The Quest of the
Chinese Mind" in the Rackham
Amphitheatre, Monday Jan. 13 at
8:10 p.m., Wednesday, Jan. 15 at
4:15 p.m., and Friday, Jan. 17 at
4:15 p.m., under the auspices of
the Department of History and the
Degree Program in Oriental Civil-
izations. The titles of the lectures
are as follows: Jan. 13, "The En-
lightenment: Prize and Price."
Wherein the philosophers of the
pre-Ch'in times achieved and
wherein they failed. Jan. 15, Hu-
manism or Beyond Humanism?"
Why and wherefor the millennial
"bella metaphisica" between the
Taoists, Buddhists and Confucian-
ist and who really won out? Jan.
17, "The Emerging Ethos." Will
the contact with the West mean
China's total intellectual surren-
der or the birth of a new synthe-
sis?
University Lecture: Dr. Herbert
Feigl, Professor of Philosophy,
University of Minnesota, will lec-
ture on the subject, "The Logic of
Scientific Explanation," at 4:15
p.m., Tues., Jan. 14; auspices of
the Department of Philosophy.
The public is invited.
University Lecture: James J.
Sweeney, former Directoraof the
Museum of Modern Art, will'lec-
ture on the subject, "Henry Moore
and Modern Sculpture' (illus.),
at 4:15 p.m., Thurs., Jan. 16,
Rackham Amphitheatre; auspices
of the Department of Fine Arts.
The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: J. B. S. Hal-
dane, F.R.S., Professor of Biome-
try, University College, London,
will lecture on the subject, "Gene-
tics and the Future of Man," at
4:15 p.m., Thurs., Jan. 16, Rack-
ham Lecture Hall; auspices of
the Laboratory of Vertebrate Bi-
ology. The public is cordially in-
vited.
French Lecture: Prof. E. L.
Adams, Romance Language De-
partment, will lecture on the sub-
ject "Le T h e a t r e Patriotique
Francais," at 4:15 p.m., Tues.,
Jan. 14. Rm. D, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall; auspices of Le Cercle
Francais.
Academic Notices
Mechanical Engineering 17,
students: Prof. E'. T. Vincent will
meet the class on Tues. Jan. 14.
Analytical and Inorganic Semin-
ar: 5 p.m., Tues., Jan. 14, Rm. 151,
Chemistry Bldg. Mr. Oscar Men-
is will speak on "The Use of In-
dicator Electrodes in Potentiome-
tric Titration." Open meeting.
Seminar on Compressible Flow:
3 p.m., Tues., Jan. 14, Rm. 1213,
E. Engineering Bldg. Dr. R. C. F.
Bartels will speak on "Solutions of
the Equations of an adiabatic
Gas Flow."

Dynamilcal Systems Seminar: 3
p.m., Tues., Jan. 14, Rm. 3201, An-
gell Hall. Mr. Jerison continues
his talk on "Ergodic Theorem".
Mathematics 300: Orientation
Seminar (final meeting), 7 p.m.,
Mon., Jan. 13, Rm. 3001, Angell
Hall.
Psychology 113: 4:15 p.m., Wed.,
Jan. 15. Lecture with original
recordings on "European Folk Mu-
sic Collected in Detroit," by Thel-
ma G. James, Wayne University.
The public is invited.
Zoology Seminar: 7:15 p.m.,
Thurs., Jan. 16, Rackham Amphi-
theater. Mr. Richard Manville
will speak on "A study of Small
Mammal Populations in Northern
Michigan." Mr. Sidney Shapiro
will speak on "Variation and Dif-
ferentiation, as Correlated with
Distribution, in the Fish Fundu-
lus diaphanus."
Concentration in English (Gen-
eral Program): Concentrators and

prospectiye concentrators in Eng-
lish are assigned to advisers as
follows:
A through G-Dr. Greenhut,
3232 A.H.
H through P-Assistant Profes-
sor Ogden, 3220 A.H.
Q through Z-Associate Profes-
sor Litzenberg, 2212 A.H.
Office hours for the week of
January 13, for the final examina-
tion period and registration week
will be posted on the office doors
of the individual advisers.
Students who have special prob-
lems with regard to English con-'
centration should confer with Pro-
fessor Litzenberg.
Concerts
Concert Vladmir Horowitz, Pi-
anist, will give the seventh con-
cert in the. Choral Union Series,
Friday, February 11, at 8:30, in
Hill Auditorium. Mr. Horowitz
will play the following program:
Mozart Sonata in A major; Kab-
alevsky Sonata No. 2; Variations
on a Theme by Clara Wieck, Schu-
mann; Chopin Impromptu in A-
flat major and Four Etudes, Op.
10; and Legend: St. Francis of
Paola Walking on the Waters by
Liszt.
A limited number of standing
room tickets are available at the
offices of the University Musical
Society, Burton Memorial Tower.
Universitiy of Michigan Concert
band, William D. Revelli, Con-'
ductor, and The University of
Michigan Choir, Hardin Van
Deursen. Conductor, will be heard
at 8:30 Saturday evening, Jan. 18,
Hill Auditorium. Richard Franko
Goldman, Guest Conductor. Open
to the general public.
Student Recital Cancelled: Bet-
ty Jean Hill, soprano, whose re-
cital was scheduled to be present-
ed Monday, Jan. 20, Lydia Men-
delssohn Theater, has postponed
her program until the Spring
Semester.
Exhibitions
The Museum of Art presents
The New Spirit (the art of Le,
Corbusier), and Art of the Mid-
dle Ages, in the galleries ofhAlum-
ni Memorial Hall, current through
January 26. Week days, except
Monday, 10-12 and 2-5; Wednes-
day evenings 7-9; Sundays, 2-5.
The public is cordially invited.
Events Today
University Radio Programs:
9:15 a.m., Station WJR, 750 Kc.,
"Hymns of Freedom,,. Choir,
George Cox, Norma Swinney,
Granville Greer, Harriet Boden;
accompanist, Irene Boice. Com-
mentator, Dr. Donald E. Hargis.
Veterans Concert Orchestra Re-
hearsal: 3 p.m., West Lodge.
Thomas E. Wilson conductor.
The U. of M. Hot Record So-
ciety: 8 p.m., Hussy Room, League.
The program will include a jam
session.
The U. of M. chapter of the In-
tercollegiate Zionist Federation of
America presents "A Saga of Re-
birth," an evening of Palestinian
folk music, at 8 p.m., B'nai B'rith
Hillel Foundation. Everyone is
cordially invited.
Coming Events
University Radio Programs:
Monday, 2:30 p.m., Station WKA
R, 870 Kc. The Medical Series.
"Years Your Physician Spends in
Training," Dr. Charles F. Wilkins,
Jr.
Monday, 2:45 p.m., Station WK
AR, 870 Kc. "My Native Land,"
Mr. Adam Khoja, of Syria.
Monday, 3:30 p.m., Station W

PAG, 1050 Kc. Michigan High
School Forensic Series - Debate
Squad.
Graduate Student Council: 7:30
p.m., Mon., Jan. 13, East Lecture
Room, Rackham Bldg.
John Mason Brown, noted dra-
matic critic and author, will be
presented Thursday evening in
Hill Auditorium as the fifth num-
ber on the 1946-47 Lecture Course.
"Seeing Things" will be the sub-
ject of Mr. Brown's talk, which
wil cover incidents and observa-
tions on the theatre. Tickets will
be placed on sale in the auditor-
ium box office Wednesday morn-
ing at 10 a.m.
"The Truth", comedy by Clyde
Fitch, will be presented by Play
Production of the department of
speech Wednesday, Friday and
Saturday evenings and Saturday
matinee in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre. Students will be

Xettep4
TO THE EDITOR
To the Editor:
From the time I entered the
United States I have read all kinds
of arguments put forward by Zi-
onists for the attainment of Pal-
estine as a Jewish state.
Of all these arguments the
most absurd is undoubtedly the
one that the Arabs welcome Zi-
onism.
I would not mention the uprise
of the Arabs in 1922, 1929 and
those continuous six months strike
in 1936 and the hostilities which
extended till 1939 against the Bri-
tish for forcing the Jews into Pal-
estine under the protection of
their bayonets. The demonstra-
tions which take place every year
on Nov. 2 in Arabia, Algeria,
Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Palestine,
Syria and other Arab countries
will indicate how strongly the Bal-
four Declaration is opposed.
How can anybody conceive
that a people, however gener-
ous and hospitable they may
be, will give up their own
country, civilization, traditions,
languages and be reduced to an
insignificant minority?
Is it possible that these things
so dear to the Arabs will be sold
for the gold riches which the Zi-
onists claim to be bringing into
Palestine.
-Miguel Kawas
granted a special low rate on tic-
kets for Wednesday night and
Saturday afternoon. Tickets may
be purchased at the theatre box
office, which opens tomorrow at
10 a.m.
Delta Sigma Pi, professional
Business Administration fratern-
ity, will sponsor a talk by Carl F.
Beier entitled "Merchandising
Opportunities," Monday, Jan. 13,
7:30 p.m., Rm. 318, Union. Every-
one invited.
Conversation Group Sociedad
Hispanica: 4 p.m., Mon., Jan. 13,
International Center.
Amateur Astronomy Club: 7:30
p.m., Mon., Jan. 13 at the Observ-
atory. Professor Mohler will give
a talk on "Weather on the Sun,"
with movies of solar activity.
Ball and Chain Club: 7:45 p.m.,
Mon., Jan. 13, Michigan League.
Election of officers for next semes-
ter. All veterans' wives are invited
to attend.
The Mathematics Club: 8 p.m.,
Tues., Jan. 14, West Conference
Room, Rackham Bldg. Prof. M.
0. Reade will speak on "Some
Generalized Laplacians".
Churches
First Congregational Church:
10:45 a.m., Service of Worship.
Subject of Dr. Parr's sermon,
"'Alien Magnitudes"'.
6 p.m., Congregational - Dis-
ciples Guild. Memorial Christian
Church. Supper and Annual
Communion Service.
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples of Christ):
Morning Worship, 10:50 a.m.,
Sermon by Rev. F. E. Zendt.
The Congregational - Disciples
Guild meet for supper, .6 p.m.,
Memorial Christian Church. A
New Year's Dedication Service
will be held in the sanctuary.
(Continued on Page 4)

£id4~izu &I

04

_..
__

.N TO MAN:

Marshall's Best Choice

By Harold L. ICKES
AM ERICA HAS NEVER had a son of
whom it is more universally proud than
the one who bears the name of George C.
Marshall. We have known him as one of
the great soldiers in all history, as well as
one of the ablest administrators of his gen-
eration. He has also made his impression
in the diplomatic field, although he is not
coming home from China with a laurel of
victory upon his brow, despite the patience,
the effort, and the clarity of vision that he
put into his attempt to solve the intricate
Chinese problem.
On the basis of industry, ability, patrio-
tism and character, President Truman
could not have chosen better than he did
in asking General Marshall to devote his
skill and patient intelligence to the solu-
tion of the problems that still, almost two
years after the war in Europe, block the
road to the universal and permanent peace
upon which the hearts of mankind are set.
One may say this with real sincerity, and
still regret the necessity of a change in
the conduct of our foreign affairs at a
time when Secretary Byrnes was making
such notable progress, and when he had
gained the confidence of the people too
such a high degree.
It was no fault of Secretary Byrnes that
he was called upon to take over the De-
partment of State after the laissez-faire ad-
ministration of Secretary Hull's careerers,
and the catch-as-catch-can performance of
the Stettinius-Rockefeller team. Perhaps
Secretary Byrnes would have done just as
good a, job if he had vigorously reorganized
a Department where a house-cleaning was
long pverdue. Perhaps his health might
have sustained the shock better than it was
able to if he had sent the highly efficient
and well trained Under Secretary, Dean
Acheson, to be the active negotiator of treat-
ies, the work on which has proved to be too
much of a tax upon a not-too-strong, al-
though always willing, Chief. But what has
been, has been, and the country can only
yield the meed of praise that is due to Sec-
retary Byrnes, while regretting the occasion
of his going.
General Marshall will find himself sud-R
denly thrown in the midst of delicate nego-
tiations in which he has had no part. It is
to be hoped that, if he wishes them to stay
on, Under Secretary Acheson and Benjamin

fraction that which we all gladly concede
to be his due, it is, nevertheless, not out of
place to say that many citizens would feel
even more enthusiastic about him than
they do, if he were not a military man.
General Marshall is a professional soldier,
although not in the West Point tradition.
Perhaps it is luck, after all, that he failed
of appointment to West Point -- this
man who was to become the greatest sol-
dier in the whole world - because his
father happened to be of one political par-
ty and his congressman of another.
BUT.WHILE IT "IS fortunate that fate in
this case proved stronger than parti-
san politics, it is to be deplored that so many
members of the armed forces have been
finding their way into the government in
civilian positions. England does a far bet-
ter job of insisting upon civilian standards
than does the United States. We love be-
ribboned military uniforms only' second in
degree to our love of the high-sounding ti-
tles of the foreign aristocracy. But it would
be an ill day for America, including the mil-
itary itself, if we should ever come to ac-
quiesce in a military or a semi-military gov-
ernment.
There are thousands of people in this
country who, while reposing unstinted con-
fidence in Generall Marshall, nevertheless,
fervently hope that he will go into the De-
partment of State as a civilian and that he
will run that Department as a civilian. He
should be cognizant that there is a natural
disposition on the part of a man to surround
himself with those with whom he has been
accustomed to work, with men of the same
traditions, thinking the same line of thought.
Americans know that General Marshall can
do such an outstanding job as Secretary of
State as he did as Chief of Staff during the
greatest war of history. But they also know
that the job of Secretary of State is out-
standingly, and even exclusively, a civilian
job. The greatest help that those associated
with General Marshall in the armed services
can render him will be, not only not to ex-
pect anything for themselves, but to encour-
age him to organize, with civilians, the civil-
ian job that lies ahead of him.
(Copyright, 1947, N.Y. Post Syndicate) .
DURING the last few months a wave of
bloody repression has arisen against the
Negro. It has brought forth such atrocities as
the Georgia masrr- the hlindid' of Army

Fifty-Seventh Year
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