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January 10, 1947 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-01-10

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CHICAGO

Y L

CONFERENCE
See Page 6

Latest Deadline in the State

t t4p

PARTLY CLOUDY,

WARMER

VOL. LVII, No. 79

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

S

Local Contractors
Support Dismissal
Of Three Laborers
Possibilities of General Strike
Increase with Threat of Walkout

By BOB HARTMAN
Ann Arbor general contractors
voted last night to support Bryant
and Detwiler officials in firing
three men for loafing on the
Chemistry Building extension job
as possibilities of a general strike
appeared today.
Lloyd Clickner, business mana-
ger of Building Trades Local 959,
threatened yesterday to call out
other union members unless the
three men were rehired.
Later Clickner said that he
knew nothing of a general walk-
out scheduled for today. He said
that the company had no right to
fire the men and that the com-
pany had violated union regula-
tions because the dismissal order
came from a company superin-
tendent instead of a foreman.
Following Clickner's statement
W. M. Robinson, company super-
intendent, told the Associated
Press that every effort was being
JmHop Tickets
Are Available
For Applicants
Tickets for the 1947 J-Hop, fea-
turing the music of Jimmie Lunce-
ford and Ziggy Elman, will be sold
to all students whose applications
have been accepted from 9 a.m. to
5 p.m. today, and from 9 a.m. to
noon tomorrow at a booth in U
Hall.
The tickets will cost $6, and stu-
dents must bring the exact change,
a $5 bill and a $1 bill. No loose
change will be accepted, but checks
for the exact amount may be made
out to the University. Accepted
application blanks must be pre-
sented in order to purchase tick-
ets.
Ziggy Elman was formerly the
star trumpter with Tommy Dor-
sey's orchestra, and was featured
by the band at the 1946 Michigan
J-Hop. Elman's new band is made
up of half the members of Dor-
sey's old orchestra.
Jimmie Lunceford, who played
for the 1942 J-Hop, has toured
the country playing for college
dances. He has just returned from
abroad where he played before
royalty in many European coun-
tries.
The bands will play alternately
~both Friday and Saturday, Feb. 7
and 8, in order to make both
nights of the J-Hop identical. The
dances will last from 10 p.m. to
midnight both nights, and women
students will have 4 a.m. permis-
sion for the Hop.
Each student buying a J-Hop
ticket will be given a publicity
blank to fill out which will be sent
to the student's home town news-
paper to be used in articles about
the J-Hop. Students who did not
receive blanks yesterday when
buying tickets should pick them
up today at the booth in U Hall
' Mystery -Man
Is Here Todaty
Students seeking a free dinner
and ticket to the Union dance
Saturday night will be prowling
the campus today in search of the
"mystery man.''
The mystery man hunt contest
is being sponsored in line with the
Union Open House tomorrow
at which dancing and a variety
program will be featured.
In order to identify the Union
mystery man, students must ask
him, first, "Are you going to the
Union Open House?", and second,
"Are you the mystery man?"
A reply in the affimative will
be "a free ticket to a sumptous

meal," according to Andy Pole-
dor, chairman of the Open House.
French Complaint
Rejected by U. S.

made to settle the dispute and
resume work.
Union plasterers were reported
on strike yesterday after several
men had been sent home because
of inclement weather. They claim
they were denied their two hours
"show-up" pay by the construc-
tion company.
The General Contractors Asso-
ciation appointed a three man
committee to convey a vote of sup-
port from its members upholding
the company's right to hire and
discharge employees.
"All our agreements with the
union have stipulated that the
right to hire and discharge work-
ers will remain with the employ-
er,"' an association spokesman
said.
Another spokesman commented
that the union had asked the em-
ployers to fire men who loafed on
the job. He said that after three
firings the unions would investi-
gate the workers' eligibility status
in the union.
University officials remained si-
lent concerning the new 40 hour
week directive issued Wednesday
by state officials. They also de-
clined to comment on the walk-
out.
Taft Would Cut
.budget, Taxes,
Deter Strikes
NEW YORK, Jan. 9-(/P)-Sen-
ator Taft (Rep., Ohio) tonight
proposed a Republican legislative
program designed to "discourage"
strikes, cut the federal budget to
$33,500,000,000 and slice 20 per
cent off personal income taxes.
In an address for the Economic
Club, the chairman of the Senate
GOP Steering Committee called]
also for extension of federal aid to
the states for housing, welfare, ed-
ucation and medical care. He
promised GOP efforts to expand
social security coverage.
Taft criticized President Tru-
man's economic report to Con-
gress as "inconsistent," asserting
that "peeking around all the cor-
ners of the report we see the whis-
kers of the New Deal."
In this report, Mr. Truman rec-
ommended that industry sponsor
lower prices while labor settle its
bid for higher wages on the basis
of what the individual manage-
ment is able to pay.
The Ohio Senator, explaining
he was voicing only his personal
views, said the report "recognizes
that the best method of bringing
real purchasing power to con-
sumers is through the reduction of
prices rather than the increase in
wages."
But he added that "it hedges on
the question like a political re-
port instead of a courageous eco-
nomic statement."
"The spending theories of Harry
Hopkins gradually take command
and determine the ultimate recom-
mendation," Taft said. "Then it
(the report) seems to adopt the
theory that mass purchasing
power is the solution of all prob-
lems and presents a justification
for every New Deal measure. In
short, we are again going to spend
ourselves into prosperity."
Taft said the Republicans feel
that "our present personal in-
come taxes threaten the sound-
ness of our economic structure,"
As a result, he added, he favors
an overall 20 per cent reduction.

U.S. Stand
Is Firm on
Arms Curb
JohnsonIRefues
Soviet Charges
Sy The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N.Y., Jan. 8.
-In the face of Russian
charges that the United States
was stalling on the whole question
of arms reduction, the American
delegation to the United Nations
stood firm tonight on a demand
that controlsof atomic energy
must come first.
Key to Program
"Effective international control
of atomic energy is the key to the
whole program and must come
first," Herschel V. Johnson, U.S.
delegate, told theSecurityCoun-
cil emphatically at the outset of
full-scale debate on the basic arms
proposal paid down in December
after Soviet delegate Andrei A.
Gromyko, recently named a dep-
uty foreign minister, bluntly ac-
cused the United States of seeking
to delay measures for general reg-
ulation and cutting of arms and
armed forces. Gromyko said the
American delegation had adopted
a take-it-or-leave-it attitude.
The Soviet delegate declared
that the United States position
boiled down to this:
American Proposals
"Either you agree to the Ameri-
can proposals on control of atomic
energy and then we agree to the
proposals on working out practi-
cal measures on the general re-
duction of amaments and armed
forces, or--if everything. does not
go smoothly with the American
proposals on control of atomic en-
ergy, then we refuse in general to
occupy ourselves with the working
out of measures for general re-
duction of armaments and armed
forces."
Johnson denied any attempt at
delay and said his country was
tion program provided the atomic
ready to agree to an arms regula-
issue was given piority.
Alumni Favor
Proposed'U'
War Memorial
No definite plans for a memo-
rial to World War dead have been
formulated by the University
Alumni Association, according to
T. Hawley Tapping, general sec-
retary.
Commenting on the Student
Legislature action to set up a
fund for a memorial to the dead of
both world wars, Tapping said that
the Alumni Association would be
glad to consider any definite pro-
posals for a suitable memorial.
The Student Legislature has ap-
proved fund-raising machinery
consisting of a central committee
representing all student organiza-
tions, a sub-committee of the
Legislature, and a faculty-alumni
advisory group.
Raising of the fund, which is
expected to run into several mil-
lion dollars, will be started next
semester.
Horusirng Assured
Between Terms
All University dormitories wilt
remain open between semesters,

Francis Shiel, director of residence
halls, announced yesterday.
There will be no extra charge
for room rent for the between-
terms period, Shiel said, but $1.40
a day will be charged for meals.
Regular meal service for the
semester will end Jan. 29. It will
be resumed Feb. 10.

'Revised

Case

Bill

Calls

for

Of Ijunctlions

To Stop Strikes;

i

CV1 10 ).R
Civil Riights at'
Stake, Union
Leader Says
Full Consideration Is
Requested by Murray
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9 - The
CIO told Congress today that new
labor law proposals threaten "our
whole framework of American
civil liberties" and seek to "de-
stroy" organized labor.
CIO President Philip Murray
sent a personal letter to every
member of the Senate and
house appealing for "full and
complete consideration" before
any new labor laws are enacted.
Murray said a CIO analysis delv-
ing into the basic causes of recent
strikes showed that "few if any of
the current proposals deal with
the real issues in labor-manage-
ment disputes-namely, the ques-
tion of wages and the efforts of
labor unions torraise the living
standards of their workers"
To each Congressman, Murray
sent a copy of a 36-page CIO
pamphlet prepared by Lee Press-
man, CIO General Counsel and
former government attorney.
Pressman has been leading the
CIO's federal court drive to col-
lect huge sums in portal-to-portal
back pay claims.
The pamphlet predicted that
Congressional action outlawing
the closed shop would lead to "a
wave of industrial strife and pr-
mote bitterness in our labor re-
lations for years to come."
SWitch-Hunt'
Not Planned
For The Daily
Declaring that its investigation
of The Daily "will not be a witch-
hunt," a Student Legislature spe-
cial committee yesterday set up a
four-point plan "to determine on
a purely objective basis the rela-
tionship between The Daily and
the student body."
"We are initiating this action in
the interest of The Daily and of
all students and student organi-
zations," the Committee said in a
statement of policy. "We will an-
alyze the data accumulated and
make constructive suggestions to
insure that The Daily's relation-
ship with the students will be the
best possible-"
The prposal calls for four con-
mittees approaching the subject
from different angles, Archie Par-
sons, chairman of the Committee,
said. One committee will confer
with the Board in Control of Stu-
dent Publications, another will
question student organizations to
find what they expect from The
Daily and a third will investigate
Daily organization, including ap-
pointments, advertising and staff
training.
Using the written reports of
these committees, the fourth com-
mittee will conduct a question-
naire to determine student opin-
ion on various Daily features such
as columns.

attacks

New

Lbor

Laws

Us(

..

walling .renews Plea,
To Revise Labor Act

Propose Unfair Practiees
Rule Be Applied to Labor

in

By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Jan. 9 - L.
Metcalfe Walling, wage-hour ad-
ministrator, renewed requests to-
day in his 1946 report to Congress
for two changes in the Fair La-
bor Standards Act which he said
would have averted situations re-
sulting in portal-to-portal pa'
suits.
The first proposal was that the
administrator be granted "power,
subject to court review, to issue
authoritative definitions of gen-
eral' terms used in the statute, so
NLRB Claims
Rule Prevents
Boss' Strikes
Board Answers Attack
On Foremen's Unions
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9 - (A') -
The National Labor Relations
Board told the Supreme Court to-
day the Board's ruling that em-
ployers must bargain with fore-
men's unions had virtually elimi-
nated strikes among plant bosses
in the past year.
Arguing against unionization of
foremen was Louis F. Dahling, at-
torney for the Packard Motor Car
Company. He contended it is im-
proper because, he said, foremen
carry out management policy,
make recommendation on the fir-
ing and wage rates of workers un-
der them and sometimes instruct
them in their work.
NLRB counsel Gerhard P. Van
Arkel, under questioning of Jus-
tice Rutledge, said the board's
position on the bargaining rights
of foremen would apply also to
corporation vice presidents.
Meanwhile, the NLRB an-
nounced it will hold up action on
all foremen's cases until the su-
preme court has ruled on whether
a firm has to bargain with a un-
ion of its foremen.
The Packard Company is ap-
pealing from the board's decision,
upheld by the sixth circuit court
of appeals in Cincinnati. The de-
cision was that foremen are "em-
ployes" under protective provi-
sions of the Wagner Labor Rela-
tions Act. Therefore, it continued,
they should enjoy the same union-
ization and bargaining privileges
as the rank and file production
workers whom they supervised.

that employers complying with his
definitions would be protected
from liability for the period such
rulings are in effect."
The second recommendation was
for a "reasonable statute of limi-
tations in the Fair Labor Stand-
ards Act, to apply to employe suits
for back wages and damages."
The total amount sought in por-
tal-to-portal suits throughout the
nation now has reached nearly
$4,000,000,000.
Discussing his first proposal,
Walling said "At the present time
the Administrator can give only
advisory opinions which are at
best his informed guess and pre-
diction of what the courts will de-
cide.
"Any court in the land, state or
federal, has jurisdiction to enter-
tain suits under the act and inevi-
tably will interpret it in deciding
these cases."
After asking for the power to
issue specific definitions of the
Act's general terms, Walling said
he then could "protect employers
from any civil or criminal liabil-
ity where they are complying with
the administrator's regulations."
"This means that an immediate
minimum of at least 60 cents an
hour would be needed merely to
restore the modest initial objec-
tive established by the Congress
when our national economy was
producing little more than half
the physical volume of goods and
services that it is turning out to-
day, and that a minimum wage of
65 cents would be needed to
achieve even a minor improve-
ment.

New Move Would Legalize Action Taken
Lewis Case Without Government Seizure

By The Asso
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.-Rep.
ducing the 1947 version of his Ca
government have permanent author
disrupting walkouts through courti
Case's new bill was perhaps
measure which passed Congress L
House.
He added a string of Wagner
posals. One of these amendments
GOP Support
of Tariff Cuts
Questionable
Reductions Proposal
Forms Major Issue j
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9-()-
Republican opposition wrote a big
question mark today after Presi-
dent Truman's plan for reducing
tariffs by agreement with other,
nations to promote trade.
It seemed certain to give Gen.
George C. Marshall his major
home-front headache as Secre-
tary of State.
On the outcome of the dispute
may hinge the ability of the
American delegation to the In-
ternational Trade Organization
at Geneva in April to realize its
plans for tariff cuts and elimina-
tion of trade preferences.
In his economic report to Con-
gress, Mr. Truman noted that
"sales of goods and services
abroad, amounting to about 15
billion dollars in 1946, played an
important role in the maintenance
of domestic production, employ-
ment, and purchasing power and
may be expected to do so this
year."
By cutting our own import du-
ties, the President added, this
nation can obtain similar conces-
sions from other countries along
with 'elimination of a mass of
restrictions, in particular, rigid
import quotas preventing our ac-
cess to foreign markets."
Senate Republican leader White
(Maine) agreed that "reduction of
trade barriers may stimulate in-
ternational trade, but I do not
know at whose cost."
Budget Slash
Looks Certain
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9 - (A)-
Secretary of the Treasury Synder
met with a group of Congress
members today, including Repub-
licans, but there was no sign of
slackening in the announced GOP
drive to slash the Truman budget.
Those who conferred with the
treasury head did not divulge
much of the conversations to re-
porters, but after they returned to
the capitol, talk of budget cutting
continued.

Paul's.Ford
In Fracas
A pitched battle involving
about 20 foresters and an un-
told number of snowballs broke
out on the Diagonal at noon
yesterday when a Model A Ford
plowed through lunchward-
hurrying students in a preview
of the 1947 Paul Bunyan For-
mal.
Preceded by jeans- and plaid
shirt-clad coeds wearing ab-
breviated sandwich boards, the
car became the center of near-
bedlam when it arrived in front
of the General Library. The
collegiate rah-rah antics that
ensued trapped anything seen
since the Michigamua initia-
tion rites in October and indi-
cated that the foresters' Satur-
day night dance will be any-
thing but wall-flowery.
Hero of the incident was a
small dog wlho climbed onto
the roof of the Ford for a bet-
ter view of the goings-on. He
was immediately billed as a
stray flea from Babe, the Great
Blue Ox.
The ax was still missing last
night when members of the
Forestry School continued their
raids on fraternities, sororities,
and the Student Publications
Bldg.

ciated Press
Francis Case (Rep.-S.D.), intro-
se Bill, proposed today that the
ity to block coal strikes and other
injunctions.
twice as bread in scope as the
ast year and died in the White
Act amendments and other pro-
would make workers, as well as
,employers, subject to charges of
"unfair labor practices."
The new provision on court in-
junctions, Case said in a. state-
anent, "legalizes the course of
action followed in the John L.
Lewis case without requiring
government seizure."
To halt a strike last year in the
federal-held soft coal mines, the
government got a restraining or-
der in a federal court. When Lewis
ignored the order, the judge fined
him and the United Mine Workers
for contempt of court.
Under the new Case Bill, such
procedure could be used only as a
last resort, and after the President
had declared an emergency. It
could be used only when a dispute
in an "essential monopolized ser-
vice or industry 'endangers' public
welfare, health or safety."
Case told a reporter this would
include the coal industry "if the
strike was nation-wide." When
asked if it included the steel in-
dustry, he said "that would de-
pend on the circumstances of
the enmergency" He said the ,
word "monopolized" could refer
to union monopoly as well as
employer monopoly.
Case said his bill would not give
any private employers the right
to get a labor injunction. The U.S.
Attorney General would have to
do it.
Case wrapped into one package
about 40 or 50 of the proposed
labor law changes which epub-
licans and some Democrats have
been talking about.
JCC Award
Is Presented
To Dr. Perkins
Dr. John A Perkips, former fac-
ulty member of the University,
was given the annual Distinguish-
ed Service Award of the Ann Ar-
bor Junior Chamber of Commerce
at a dinner in the Union last
night.
In presenting the award a JCC
spokesman said that Dr. Perkins'
personal achievements and con-
tribution to state and local wel-
fare had made him first choice of
the committee. Perkins, 32 years
old, was characterized as the out-
standing young man in the com-
munity during 1946.
The former faculty member re-
cently resigned his position as as-
sistant professor in the political
science department to take a posi-
tion as state budget director.
Principal speaker of the evening
was Mayor William E. Brown, Jr.,
who outlined plans for a new civic
center in Ann Arbor. In empha-
sizing the need for the con-
struction of such a center, Mayor
Brown pointed out the inadequacy
of present city offices. "The pro-
posed civic center would serve to
unite the campus and business
sections of Ann Arbor," the mayor
declared.
Post Office Holds
Veterans Checks
The Veterans Service Bureau
announced yesterday that the Ann
Arbor Main Post Office is hold-
ing government checks for the
following veterans:
Bergren, John C.; Edwards,
Charles H.; Fahs, Harold J.; Liv-
;ncc - U~n ., n T . rl-rk .

World News
Roundup
By Tht Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.-State
and War Department officials said
tonight the United States is de-
termined to start collection of rep-
arations from Japan immediately,
even without full agreement on
terms with Russia and other war-
time allies.
LONDON, Jan. 9.-An author-
itative government source said
today that the government was
ready to use troops, if neces-
sary, to assure distribution of
London's food supplies, now tied
up in markets by a strike of
more than 13,000 truck drivers
and other transport workers.
LONDON, Jan. 9. ---Authorita-
tive sources said tonight the Brit-I
ish Cabinet had decided to give
the problem of the German peace
treaty priority over Palestine, amid
rumors that the Holy Land situa-
tion would be eased by a 60-day
suspension of violence there.
Portal-to-portal pay suits
pushed past the four billion dol-
lar mark Thursday as a Connec-
ticut company closed its doors

BETTER HOUSING AHEAD:
Small Enrollment Increase Expeeted

SA VING VS. SPENDING:
Nation-Wide Survey Will Be
Conducted by Research Center

Little difficulty in providing
living accommodations for all
students registering next semes-
ter is anticipated by University of-
ficials in charge of housing.

housed in the recreation rooms ofJ
the two quads either permanently
or temporarily.
Temporary accommodations
will be provided by the office of
residence halls for all students
who do not have a place to live
when they arrive in Ann Arbor.
Dormitory space for about 150
more men students may be ac-

whom these apartments have been
assigned will live in temporary
quarters and probably cannot
bring their families to Ann Arbor
until that time.
The addition to the East Quad-
rangle will not be ready for occu-
pany before next fall, Shiel said.
The Dean of Students Office hasj
practically no available rooms in
nria+. hmm C it-. _"Tf nP

A clue to the possible effect of
war bonds and bank accounts on
consumer spending may be ob-
tained from the nation-wide sur-
vey now being conducted by the
Survey Research Center under the
direction of Dr. Rensis Likert.
At the request of the Board of
Governors of the Federal Reserve
Sv tm _ ar enresentativnecross-

employment may be threatened, or
just about enough to balance de-
mand and output when industry is
producing at high levels.
The questions of businessmen,
labor leaders and other members
of the community as to how long
heavy consumer spending will last
may he answered when the find-

Although it is impossible to pre-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9- P)- diet actual enrollment figures at
The United States has rejected a present, Francis Shiel, director of
French complaint over a recent residence halls, expects only a
agreement in the Middle East that .mall increse. if anv over this

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