T HE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8. 147
"- f - - _T__ ._-
Two Public Servants
EDMND CLAUDESHIELDS, former Uni-
versity regent who died Monday, was
known throughout the state for his service
both to the University and to the people
of the state.
Shields served as regent from Jan. 9,
1933, to Dec. 31, 1935, by the appointment
of Gov. W. A. Comstock. In January, 1938,
he was elected to an eight-year term end-
ing Dec. 31, 1945.
Born in Howell, in 1871, he attended high
school there before coming to' the Uni-
versity where he obtained a Bachelor of
Letters degree (predecessor of the A.B.) in
1894 and a Bachelor of Laws in 1896.
At the University, Shields was active in
sports as a member of the baseball team
for- four years, serving that team both as
captain and later as manager, and as a
member of the 1895 football team.
After graduation, he was a second lieu-
tenant of the 35th Michigan Infantry in
the Spanish-American war.
Always active in Michigan politics, Shields
served as chairman of the Democratic State
Central Committee from 1909 to 1916, man-
aged the successful gubernatorial cam-
paigns of W. N. Ferris in 1912 and 1914,
and was a frequent delegate to Democratic
National Conventions. In 1936, he was elect-
ed a member for Mlichigan of the Demo-
cratic National Committee.
Shields also served the state as chairman
of a commission to compile Michigan state
statutes in 1915, -and as chairman of the
Four-Minute Men of Michigan during World
War I. ,
THE PASSING of former Regent Shields
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by -mevbers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
comes less than three months
loss to the University of Regent
Bishop in October.
Bishop was appointed Regent to fill
the unexpired term of Mrs. E. M. Cram
by Gov. Kelly in January, 1943. Ile was
elected to assume the eight-year post
beginning Jan. 1, 1944.
After his graduation from the University
with an A.B. degree in 1908, he was always
active in the Alumni Association. He was
a director-at-large of that organization, and
from 1938 to 1940 served as president of
the Association. He was an honorary life
member of the University of Michigan Club
By the terms of his will, Regent Bishop
continued to serve the University, by leaving
500 shares of General Motors stock to the
Board of Regents and 100 additional shares
to the University.
In addition to his services to the Uni-
versity, Bishop was long active in church
and community affairs in Flint. A member
of the Flint Committee of the University of
Michigan Research Center, and a member
of the Michigan Children's Center, Bishop
was also a director of the Boy Scouts in
Flint and associated with the Salvation
Army and the Young Men's Christian As-
sociation in that city.
During World War II, he was president
of the Flint Community Chest, was chair-
man of the Flint British War Relief So-
ciety, and was on the executive committee
of the Michigan United War Chest. During
the first World War, he served with the,
Motors Division of the Army. He was a
member of the advisory committee of the
Flint Naval Reserve.
The loss within the past few months 'of
former Regent Shields and of Regent Bishop
has been not only to the University but to
the citizens of the state as well. Both men
devoted great portions of their energy and
time to performing the role which benefits
everyone, that of public servant.
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY LEVINE
MAN TO MAN:
By HAROLD L. ICKES
DISREGARDING the reasons publicly as-
signed for the resignation of George E.
Allen as the de facto boss of the Recon-
struction Finance Corporation, the country
is well rid of him. Thoughtful Citizens have,
all along, believed that the nation was
paying an outrageous black-market price
for the story-telling and poker-playing abil-
ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
G enetra tion
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
ONE NIGHT in November, 1944, William
Liscum Borden, a Yale graduate, was
piloting a B-29 back from a mission over
Germany, when he was startled by a crim-
son glare. It turned out to be the streak of
a German V-2 heading for London at about
five times the speed cf sound.
The V-2 started young Borden thinking.
What sort of future might a young Amer-
ican anticipate? This young pilot felt that
greater realism might have prevented Pearl
Harbor. If the war had taught him any-
thing it was not to shrink from re lity.
Obviously, the task of the century was
to prevent another super-war. The more
you thought, the clearer you saw that only
some sort of world government could do
the trick. Anarchy-the system of "sover-
eign" states-was bound to lead to a new
If we could not get world government in
time, then the next best thing was of course
to try to get the new horror weapons out-
lawed. But suppose we failed? Was the
future just an introduction to the two hours
of atomic slaughter predicted by the atomic
scientists? Anyway, if the new weapons
were analyzed without flinching, the
chances of their being used might be re-
THE RESULT of this analysis was a small
book called significantly "There Will
Be No Time" (Macmillan, 1946).
The chief thesis of this admirable vol-
ume is this: When the next war comes,
it will not necessarily be as horrible as
most Americans have been led to believe.
Mr. Borden assumes that the chief wea-
pon of the future will be the atom-bomb-
carrying rocket that can be fired from any-
where at a target nearly anywhere else. He
knows less about the scientific aspects of
either rockets or A bombs than their mokers.
But he knows more about war.
For him the man-carrying airplane is
Ships on the other hand are not. Not
ships that can serve country, the destruction
of whose cities will not have crippled its
This could mean that a new atomic war,
instead of being more homicidal than past
struggles, might actually be less so. Two
possible weaknesses in the argument are:j
first, that an aggressor might possess
enough missiles to blanket both launching
sites and cities: second that the govern-
ities of a fortuitous occupant of a high
government office that called for training
and abilities that the record nowhere shows
that Mr. Allen possesses. Now he is free
to offer his wares in the market place on
the presumption that the White House is
still open to him via the back door.
Quite aside from the inappropriateness
of this appointment from, the very beginn-
ing, Mr. Allen's tenure of office, considering
all of the circumstances, continues to pose
serious questions of (A) the suitability of
his appointment and (B) the propriety of
his acceptance of it. Certainly, his tenure
of office has been constantly harmful to
the prestige of the President.
Many have long deplored the uncon-
scionable facility with which men have ac-
cepted appointments, either to advertise
their ability for more lucrative connections
with private business or to acquire, in as
brief a time as possible, a technical exper-
ience that would qualify them for private
business on a high appointment and salary
If it is true that Mr. Allen accepted
appointment to the RFC on the under-
standing that he would retain the office
for only one year, then, on this count
alone, Mr. Allen may be gravely criti-
cized. In setting up the RFC, the Con-
gress apparently had in mind that con-
tinued service over a number of years-was
necessary, if the members of the Board
were to be worth their salt, or if the
Board itself were to be capable of per-
forming the responsible public duties laid
upon it. And if President Truman, in
appointing Mr. Allen, understood that he
would resign at the end of a year, which
may be doubted, then he cannot escape
the criticism.- It would be strange indeed,
if the appointment had been made and
accepted on the basis of service for one
year, that there never was any public
intimation of such a limitation. Perhaps
both the President and Mr. Allen are
protesting too much.
There are probably those who believe that
Mr. Allen, in deciding to resign, for what-
ever reason, felt that some explanation was
due a long-suffering people and that there-
fore he persuaded himself, and subsequently
the President, that he had yielded to the
importunities of the President on the un-
derstanding that he would resign at the
end of the year. But this does not carry
conviction, even if it serves again to empha-
size the easy-going complacence with which
President Truman is willing to advance the
interests of his cronies, either as public
servants or as private citizens, by the kalei-
doscopic use of public office and influence.
As is well pointed out in a recent editorial
in the New York Herald Tribune: "If Mr.
Allen was selected with the knowledge that
he would only serve a year, Mr. Truman
made a considerable investment for pres-
tige for a not very considerable return. The
Allen appointment, however amusing to the
Senate, was one of those inept actions which
did so much to weaken his hold on the
THE explanation given by Mr. Allen, and
the easy accentance of it by a President
By HARRY LEVINE
'FAKING it once over lightly on page one
this morning, I burrowed deeper into
my armchair and focused all attention on
"The Great Football Fix" in New York.
A little guy by the name of Alvin J.
Paris, who bears a strong resemblance to
Twelve Gun Tweeney is accused of try-
ing to persuade two professional football
players to throw a championship game.
This in itself is a preposterous assump-
tion as Paris no more looks like the proto-
type of the big-time gambler than my
mother resembles John L. Lewis. Slight,
near-sighted and presenting an all-round
concave appearance, Paris looks like the
last man ever to try and push around a
couple of football players.
To make matters worse, there is the prob-
lem of finding twelve peers as a suitable
jury for Paris. Everybody in New York
likes to bet a little here and there and it
isn't helping the judge any.
One of the first ones called for jury duty
was a songwriter, Leonard Whitcup, who
has authored such minor classics as "I'm
An American" and "Frenesi." In spite of
his strong evidences of citizenship, Whit-
cup was unacceptable as a juror.
Whitcup's only shortcoming is, like
many other songwriters, he likes to go
to Lindy's restaurant every so often, sup
on a little borscht, nibble perhaps on a
piece of cheesecake and place an oc-
casional dollar or two on something he
considers a sure thing. Perfectly rea-
sonable to you and me. Who better than
a Lindy songwriter is capable of judging
such proceedings with a critical eye and
a reasonable attitude? The judge was
Another, William Haskell, who is described
as "customer's man for a brokerage house,"
was also excused from jury duty. He took
very little of the judge's time with the dia-
logue running approximately as follows:
Haskell:fI'm in the gambling business
Haskell: The brokerage business is
Judge: Is that your employer's opinion?
Haskell: No sir, that's my opinion.
Judge: (wearily) Excused.
After a relentless search, the judge finally
found what defense attorney Minton called
"the perfect juror," a little old lady by the
name of Gertrude Noble who never heard
of the New York Giants -a refreshing note
in itself - and who recalls having once
seen a football game 14 years ago.
By happy coincidence, Mrs. Noble was
the first juror chosen and thus automat-
ically becomes foreman of the jury, as
soon as they can find eleven more people.
There's seven million people in the city,
but either they all bet on the game or would
have if they had any money. In any case,
the judge is having a hell of a time.
VA Pay System
THE CONFUSION in the VA system of
paying veterans' subsistence, which has
been evident to the University veterans for
several months, was condemned yesterday
by the American Veterans Committee and,
coincidentally, by the director of the state
office of Veterans Affairs.
Both the AVC and Col. Philip C. Pack,
chief of Michigan's Veterans Affairs office,
have urged the VA to adopt the voucher
system for paying veterans, which was ad-
vanced in an editorial in The Daily on
Nov. 17. Col. Pack said that the present
system of paying veterans by check was
Now that the ice of silence concerning
the sorry state of veterans payments has
been broken by a national veterans organi-
zation and a state director of veterans af-
fairs, we sincerely hope that other veterans.
groups and other state officials will join
in a concerted effort to eliminate this sit-
uation which is causing hardship for thou-
sands of veterans.
RECONVERSION . of the Nation's labor
force was virtually completed by the
end of the first year of peace. During the
one-year period following V-J Day, more
than 10 million servicemen were demobil-
ized and absorbed into civilian pursuits. In
addition, approximately 4.5 million "extra"
war-time workers, principally women and
teen-age youth, left the labor market to
resume their peacetime activities at home
and in school. Many more millions of work-
ers shifted over from war to civilian pro-
duction. Yet, at no time during this period
was unemployment a critical problem, and
the year ended with employment at record
The postwar reshaping of the size and
distribution of the United States' work force
can best be viewed against the background
of developments in both production and
-Monthly Labor Review
(Continued from Page 2)
Health-students are advised not
to request grades of I or X in Feb-
ruary. When such grades are ab-
solutely imperative, the work must
be made up in time to allow your
instructor to report the make up
grade not later than 4 p.m., Feb.
6. Grades received after that time
may defer the student's gradua-
tion until a later date.
February 1947 graduates in Me-
chanical, Civil and Chemical En-
gineering, with high scholastic
record. A representative of Stand-
ard Oil Company (Indiana) will
interview for positions with that
organization on Wednesday, Jan.
8, Rm. 218, W. Engineering Bldg.
Please sign the interview sched-
ule posted on the bulletin board
at Rm, 221, W. Eng. Bldg.
Aeronautical and Mechanical
Engineering Students: Mr. Stef-
ano of Kellett Aircraft Corpora-
tion, North Wales, Pennsylvania,
will interview students graduating
in February on Jan. 15 and 16.
Please sign schedule on Aeronau-
tical Engineering Bulletin Board.
Prof. E. B. Ford, Reader in
Genetics, Oxford University, Eng-
land, President of the British Ge-
netics Association, will lecture on
the subject. "Biology of Popula-
tions," at 4:15, Thurs., Jan. 9, Kel-
logg Auditorium; auspices of the
Laboratory of Vertebrate Biology.
The public is cordially invited.
Dr. Kenneth L. Pike will lec-
ture on "Phonetics and Phonemics
In a Practical World" at 7:30 p.m.,
Thurs., Rackham Amphitheatre.
All interested in language study
La Sociedad Ilispanica Lecture:
Prof. H. E. Wethey, Department
of Fine Arts, will lecture (in Eng-
lish) on the subject "Peruvian Co-
lonial Art" (illus.). at 8 p.m.,
Thurs., Jan. 9, Rm. D, Alumni
Seminar in Applied Mathe-
matics: 3 p.m., Rm. 317, W. Eng.,
Wed., Jan. 8. Mr. C. L. Perry will
speak on "Outline of Methods in
Nonlinear Differential Equa-
Seminar in Engineering Me-
chanics: The Engineering Me-
chanics Department is sponsoring
a series of discussions on the Plas-
ticity of Engineering Materials.
The first discussion of this series
will be at 7:30 p.m., Wed., Jan. 8,
Rm. 402, W. Engineering Bldg.
Pre-Medical Student Profes-
sional Aptitude Test: TheAssocia-
tion of American Medical Col-
leges Professional Aptitude Test,
the Graduate Record examina-
tion required of all applicants to
the 1947 freshman class at the
University of Michigan and other
medical colleges, will be offered
Sat., Jan. 11, 9 a.m.-12:00 noon
and 1:30-4 p.m., Rackham Lecture
Hall. Each applicant must pre-
sent a check or money order for
five dollars ($5.00) made payable
to the Graduate Record Office be-
fore entering the examination
room. Cash will not be accepted
in payment of the fee. Applicants
are requested to appear at the
testing room at 8:45. No students
will be admitted after 9 a.m.
Graduate Students: Results of
the Graduate Record Examina-
tions given in December of 1945,
April of 1946, and the Summer
Session of 1946 are available in
the Graduate School Office. .
Student Recital: Dalisay Al-
daba, Soprano, a pupil of Arthur
Hackett, will present a recital in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Master of
Music at 8:30 this evening in Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre. Open
to the general public.
Cancellation of Concert: The
concert scheduled for Tuesday,
Jan. 14, in Hill Auditorium by the
University of Michigan Choir has
been cancelled. It is planned to
have the Choir participate in the
concert to be given Saturday eve-
ning, Jan. 18, in Hill Auditorium,
as part of the program for the
Mid-Western Conference on
School Vocal and Instrumental
Music to be held in Ann Arbor be-
ginning Jan. 17.
University Radio Program:
2:30 p.m., Station WKAR, 870
Kc., "What Prospective Teachers
Hope their Pupils will Learn
about their Community," Dr.
Howard Y. McClusky, Professor of
2:45 p.m.. Station WKAR, 870
Kc., School of Music, William
Klenz, Cello; John Wolaver, Piano.
3:30 p.m., Station WPAG, 1050
Kc., Campus News.
Dr. Sam G. Wildman of the
California Institute of Technol-
ogy will discuss "Separation and
Properties of Spinach Protein" at
4:15 p.m., East Lecture Room,
Rackham Bldg. Everyone invited.
U. of M. Flying Club: 7:30 p.m.,
Rm., 1042, E. Engineering Bldg.
Sigma Xi: 8 p.m. Rackham Am-
phitheatre. A symposium on the
physiological and the morphologi-
cal effects of "Plant Hormones."
Speakers, Professors Felix G.
Gustafson and Carl D. LaRue, of
the Department of Botany. The
public is invited.
Phi Lambda Upsilon faculty and
student members meet 7:30 p.m.
W. Conference Room, Rackham.
Mr. W. L. Badger will show ko-
dachrome slides of his 1946 busi-
ness trip to Europe.
Delta Sigma Pi, professional
Business Administration frater-
nity, pledge meeting: 7 p.m., Rm.
302, Union. Actives meet 7:30
p.m., Rm. 302, Union.
Phi Delta Kappa: 7:30 p.m., E.
Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Romance Language Journal
Club: 4:15 p.m.. East Conference
Room, Rackham Bldg. Prof.
Charles Koella will speak on
"Panait Istrati, le vagabond hu-
Ski Club: 7:15, Rm. 305, Union.
Movie entitled "How to Ski" will
be shown. Final plans will be
formed for trip to Cadillac this
weekend. All interested in trip
are urged to attend meeting.
Wolverine Club: 7 p.m., Union.
Lutheran Student Association
Tea and Coffee Hour: 4-5:30 p.m.,
Center, 1304 [illi Street.
Students in Wood Technology:
Mr. Leo Jiranek, Consultant De-
signer, Will speak on Furniture
Design at 11 a.m., Thurs., Jan. 9,
East Lecture Room, Mez. Floor,
Rackham Bldg. All Wood Tech-
nology students are expected to
attend. Faculty and students of
other Departments are invited.
Research Club: 8 p.m., Wed.,
Jan. 15,, Raekham Amphitheatre.
Papers by Prof. W. H. Hobbs: "The
Glacial' History of Iowa and
Neighboring Portions of Minne-
sota and Missouri"; Prof. Arthur
E. Wood: "Political High Jinks in
Association of IT. of M. Scien-
tists discussion group on atomic
energy meet at 7:15 p.m., Thurs.,
Jan. 9, West Council Room, Rack-
IT. of M. Section of the Ameri-
can Chemical Society meet at
4:15 p.m., Jan. 10, Rm. 151,
Chemistry Bldg. Dr. W. M. Stan-
ley, Department of Animal and
Plant Pathology, The Rockefeller
Institute for Medical Research,
Princeton, N. J., will speak on
"Studies on Purified Influenza
Virus." The public is cordially in-
Economics Club: 8 p.m., Mon.,
Jan. 13, East Conference Room,
Rackharn Bldg. Professors Ren-
sis Likert and George Katona, of
the Survey Research Center, will
speak on "The Sample Interview
Survey as a Tool of Economic Re-
search." Business Administra-
tion and Economic staff and
graduate students are invited.
University Men's Glee Club: Im-
portantrehearsal Thursday, Jan.
9. Concert for Midwestern Music
Conference, 7:15 to 7:30 p.m., Fri-,
Jan. 17. Plans for trips.
Gargoyle: Students who desire
to become affiliated with Gar-
goyle literary staff next semester
are welcome at the Gargoyle of-
fice, first floor Student Publica-
tions Bldg., Wed., Jan. 15, be-
tween 1 and 5 p.m. Bring your
I.A.S. Banquet: 7 p.m., Fri., Jan.
10, Smith Catering Service. Tick-
ets on sale in Aero. Office. Mem-
The square dancing class spon-
sored by the Graduate Outing
Club originally scheduled for
Thurs., Jan. 9, Women's Athletic
Bldg.. has been canceled.
The Art Cinema League pre-
sents "They Were Five," director
Duvivier, strring Jean Gabin.
English titles; French dialogue.
Thurs., Fri., Sat., 8:30 p.m. Box-
effice. tppens 2 p.m. daily. Phone
6300 for reservations. Lydia Men-
* - E ITOR'S NOTE: No letter to the
-Ieditor wi be printed unless signed
^ and writtn i good taste. Letters
over 300 itordls in length will be
shorteied r (oiitted; in special in-
stances, ti eywill e printed, at the
c r >ra'discretion of the editorial director.
-1 Fair Trial
's8 t h e E d i t o r:
T 1I well known that there is a
shortage of people able to give
psychological help, and as it has
been stated by Dr. Lowell Kelly,
in most communities one must
itely on the minister or the family
t doctor, who are already over bur-
deed for advice on psychooi
d n d fo ad i e o s ooical problem s. In Ann Arbor, al-
though the University services
are available, these are over bur-
dened because of the needs of the
size of the group to be served.
a +4Therefore, when additional serv-
svices are offered, they should be
given a fair trial.
Free Ad . .
To the Editor:
HATE to ask you but I won-
"Allez! I'm working this side of the street"' dered whether you would be so
good as to insert the fllowing
advertisement conspicuously and
on the cuff:
PILES of money are yours if
you buy this bargain: Almost
new educational institution
with original housing facilities,
located in and near friendly
midwestern town. For details
call PEN 6-5000 and ask for
"The Brooklyn-Bridge Keed."
Naturally I shall pay you as
soon as I swing this deal, and also
in case the VA should come
through with my subsistence.
-T. S. Lichtenberger
THE problem of Yugoslavia is a
bit more involved than is indi-
cated in The Daily's unsigned edi-
torial, "Yugoslavia Lesson." In
my judgment, this editorial, rid-
died with falsehood, 'half-truth,
and invective, contained not one
paragraph worthy of an objective,
The editorial stated that the
Allies "preferred a communist
masquerading in democratic dress
to a democratic officer. Draja Mi-
hailovitch." The facts are that
Tito never masqueraded as any-
thing but a communist. He drew
his support from the people as a
communist and fought as such.
That Mihailovitch was a democrat
is laughable. He was a Serbian na-
tionalist general of an antique
royal Balkan army. He was more
Serb than Yugoslav and unlike
Tito, whose army was a broad com-
posite of Serbs, Croats, Slovenes,
Macedonians, Dalmatians, 'etc.,
Mihailovitch's forces were cen-
tered about a fanatical nucleus of
pan-Serbian jingoes, the Chet-
niks. He fought, not for democ-
racy, but for the monarchy, for
continued Serbian hegemony over
all the Yugoslavs.
The recent trial of Mihailovitch
sheds interesting light on him.
When confronted with documen-
tary and phostotatic evidence of
his collaboration with the Axis
during the war (when he was sup-
posed to be on our side), Draj
pleaded innocent in a manner
reminiscent of the Nazi war crimi-
nals at Nuremberg. The "poor,"
"democratic" officer said in effect,
"Gee, I didn't know that my troops
got their arms from the Italians.
Honest, I didn't order my Chet-
niks to wipe out that Croatian vil-
lage. Gosh, we only 'fought side
by side with the Fascists when .I
wasn't looking." The "faithful
ally" failed to impress the court
with such testimony, and, like
any other quisling, he was hanged.
This subject has far greater.
scopethan any letter to the edi-
tor will permit. A good account of
Yugoslavia during the wa can be
read in Louis Adamic's Uy Native
Land. I was in Yugoslavia a year
ago, saw for myself that the ,"iron
curtain" comes strictly from Ful-
ton, Missouri. It is regrettable
that The Daily'found it necessary
to print such tripe in its editorial
EDITOR'S NOTE: "Yugoslavia Jes-
son," an excerpt from a colm by
Edgar Ansel Mowrer, was not cred-
ited to him through a proof-read-
Letters to the Editor
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Robert Goldman .....Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheim.Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey...........City Editor
Ma~ry Brush..........ssociate Editor
Ann Kutz ............Associate Editor
Paul Harsha ..........Associate Editor
Clark Bake~r.............ports Editor
Des Howarth ..Associate Sports Editor
Jack Martin ...Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk ............Women's Editor
Lynne Ford Associate Women's Editor
Robert E. Potter ....Business Manage
. ....Associate Business M age
Janet Cork Associate Business ManAae