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January 07, 1947 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-01-07

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STASSEN
STRATEGY
See Page 2

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

~~Iaii4

CLOUDY,
SNOW

VOL. LVII, 'No. 76

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1947

PRICE FIVE CJ

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Clay, New Chief in

Ex-Regent

Europe,

Plans No

Shields,

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Changes at Present
McNarney Named to UN Military
Staff; Clark Recalled From Austria
By The Associated Press
BERLIN, Jan. 6-Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, new commander in
chief of American forces in Europe, said today he would move his
headquarters from Frankfart to Berlin, but had no immediate plans
for reorganizing the military government setup in Germany.
Clay said he would confer at length with the retiring commander,
Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, before making any changes. McNarney
-has been named Senior Repre-
sentative to the Military Staff
J-H op Tickets Committee of the United Nations.
Clay's promotion came as a re-
sult of a major three-way shake-
V 0up in the Army's European com-
mand involving Clay, McNarney
At End of Week and Gen. Mark Clark, who has
£~ AEE,~/ J'P'C~iIbeen called home from Austria.
To Name Commander
Dance Band Name Clay said he intended to name
a troop commander to relieve him
Not Yet Disclosed of details in connection with that
Name of the band which will function of the European Theatre
Command, but only after talking
play for the 1947 J-Hop was still first with McNarney.
a secret yesterday as the Hop Several hours before a Wash-
committee announced that.ticket ington announcement of his ap-
sales for the biggest social event pointment Clay held a news con-
ference in his capacity as Deputy
of the year will be held Thurs- Military Governor. He disclosed
day, Friday, and Saturday. that:
Hours of the sales will be from 1. The industrial output in the
9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Thursday and U.S. zone had been cut at least
Friday, and from 9 a.m. to noon 25 per cent because of a sub-
Saturday at a booth in Univer- zero cold wave now gripping this
Sity Hall. battered and fuel-short country.
Students will receive their ap- French Saar Problem
plications today or tomorrow, and 2. The U.S. State Department
accepted applications and iderti- had informed him that the French
fication cards must be presented action in establishing a customs
in order to purchase tickets. The frontier around the coal-rich Saar
tickets will cost $6, and the pur- would be threshed out at the
chasers should bring the exact March meeting of the Foreign
change. Checks will be accepted Ministers Council in Moscow. He
if they are made out to the Uni- said he had received no reply from
versity. the French to his query about
Tickets will be sold to appli- whether German machinery from
cants this week only, and stu- elsewhere in the French occupa-
dents who do not pick up their tion zone was being moved into
tickets then will not be able to the Saar.
get them later, according to Nan- 3. The United States is advo-
cy Neumann, ticket chairman. cating a moratorium on all for-
The 1947 J-Hop will be held eign investments in Germany, un-
between semesters, from 10 p.m,. til the German economy becomes
to 2 a.m. Friday and Saturday, stabilized.
Feb. 7 and 8 in the Intramural De-Nazification Plans
Building. 4. German handling .of the de-
nazification program has improv-
ed to such an extent that the
Bunyan Dance U.S. is withdrawing its threat to
take over the job.
W ill Feature The 90-day plan of economic
retreat involves the conservinlg
-ed W er m sof coal by closing down the least
essential industries, and is de-
signed to keep food production
T dor W n i rhesra and transport in operation.

Dies Here
Funeral services will be held
tomorrow in Lansing for Edmund
Claude Shields, former University
regent and former Democratic na-
tional committeeman from Mich-
igan, who died yesterday at Uni-
versity Hospital.
Shields observed his 75th birth-
day anniversary Dec. 30, two days
after he was admitted to the hos-
pital.
Death was attributed to a toxic
condition resulting from a gan-
grene infection in his left foot.
Baseball Captain
A graduate of the University
in 1894, Shields received his bach-
elor of laws degree here two
years later. While at the Univer-
sity, he served as captainnof the
Wolverine baseball team in 1894
and as player-manager in 1896.
He was a member of the football
squad in 1895.
During the Spanish-American
war, the former regent was a sec-
ond lieutenant in the 35th Mich-
igan Infantry and was discharged
with that rank in 1898.
Shields began the practice of
law in his father's office at How-
ell, where he was born, and found-
ed the law firm of Shields, Bal-
lard, Jennings and Tabor in 1913
at Lansing.
Democratic Committee Member
He began his political career as
Livingston county prosecutor, a
position he held from 1901 to
1904. He later served as chairman
of the Democratic State Central
Committee and as a member of
the Democratic National Com-
mittee.
Shields managed the successful
gubernatorial campaigns of the
late Woodbridge N. Ferris, in 1912
and 1914.
During the first World War,
Shields was head of a commis-
sion to compile the state's stat-
utes and chairman of the Four-
Minute Men of Michigan. From
1934 to 1937 he was a member of
the State Board of Examiners.
Named As Regent
Shields was named to the board
of regents Jan. 9, 1933, by former
Gov. William A. Comstock. De-
feated when he ran for election
in. 1935, he led the ticket when
he ran in the 1937 campaign and
served as regent from 1938 to
1945.
He was president of the Central
Trust Co. and the Michigan Sure-
ty Co., both of Lansing; vice-
president of W. S. Butterfield
Theatres, Inc., and Bijou Theatri-
cal Enterpries and a director of
the Motor Wheel Corp., Grand
Trunk and Western Railway, Mel-
ling Forge Co. and Duplex Truck
Co.
Shields is survived by his wife,
the former Mary Foley of Mil-
wauke, Wis., whom he met while
attending the University and mar-
ried in 1900.
New Dorm Is
Planned by VT
A new dormitory, to house from
500 to 1,000 men, is among Uni-
versity plans for new construc-
tions.
With the announcement, during
Wt th an o n e et duigthe Christmas vacation, that the
University had accepted a $105,-
000 grant by the Federal Works,
Agency to finance preparatory
drawings and specifications, an
estimate of $4,569,165 for the pro-
posed structure was revealed. Cost
of the project will be handled
on a self-liquidating basis.
The site for the new construc-

tion has not been announced.
Architectural style will be similar
to that of the East Quadrangle,
although it may be several floors;
higher, depending on the location.

Truman
Strikes,
Marshall

Urges
Favors
Ordered

Home

from

Chr

41

General Will
Make Reporti
To President
Qu~iestion of Return
Goes Unanswered
I33 The Assoiated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6-Presi-
dent Truman today summoned
General George C. Marshall home
from China to report on condi-
tions in that war ravaged country
where American hopes for early
unification of the Nationalists and
Communists forces suffered a ma-
jor setback.
The White House announced
the President's action, but when
reporters inquired of press sec-
retary Charles Ross whether Mar-
shall would return to China, Ross
said he could not amplify the of-
ficial disclosure in any way.
Marshall, the army's wartime
chief of staff and one of the
architects of allied victory over
Germany and Japan, went to
Nanking in December, 1945 as
President Truman's special am-
bassador to try to promote unity
of the two great factions divid-
ing the country.
Officials here do not feel that
he has failed in his effort but say
rather that in the American view
it is the Chinese who have thus
far failed to achieve the political
organization of their country
which the United States considers
essential to peace in the Far East.
Indications were that the Presi-
dent's action in directing Marshall
to come home was based on the
General's estimate that at least
for the time being he had done all
he could toward the accomplish-
ment of a uniform political order
throughout China.
It is felt by authorities here
that if there had been the
slightest chance in the near fu-
ture of persuading the north
China Communists to enter the
government of Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-Chek and give up
their independent armed forces,
Marshall would have remained
in China to see that possibility
through.
His order to come home follows
what diplomatic authorities con-
sidered his prime work there. He
is credited with assisting Gen.
Chiang in winning acceptance last
month of a new Chinese consti-
tution which may provide the
framework for bringing the Com-
munists into the government later
on. The constitution in its main
provisions had earlier won ap-
proval of Communist leaders
though they had refused to par-
ticipate in the assembly that fin-
ally adopted it.
Garg Gives
Qick .Rel ief
Local students suffering from
those New Year's hangovers and
that post holiday depression will,
be pleased to hear that relief is
in the offing in the form of the
January Gargoyle which will be
deposited at strategic spots on the
campus next Monday.
Reports from the University
Hospital show that in nine out of
ten cases, patients forgot their
headaches after one small dose of
the Garg. "It's the greatest thing
since penicillin," one doctor testi-
fied.

Chemistry Staff Considers
Action on Freak Explosion

President Mentions Forei
Policy, Vets, Armed Forces
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6-Smiling and conciliatory, Democr
President Truman today laid before the Republican 80th Congre
program to curb strikes, and asked continued high taxes.
His state of the union message, applauded frequently by
Joint Congressional Session, called for legislation to outlaw juris
tional strikes, check secondary boycotts and for a commission to
vise machinery for the prevention of "paralyzing" nation-wide str
The message was in large part '" * * *

The chemistry department staff
met last night to discuss possible
action against two teaching fel-
lows in the department who were
injured when an'experiment" ex-
ploded early New Year's morning
in a University Terrace apart-
ment.
The department will send its
recommendation for action on the
matter to the University admin-
istration, Prof. Chester S. Schoe-
pfle, chairman of the department
said.
The most seriously injured was
Gaylord Finch, 23, a resident of
the apartment, who was burned on
his face, stomach, hands and
wrist. The other student was Ed-
win Campbell, 20, of 1014 Crom-
well Pl. Campbell suffered burns
on his face and hands and cuts on
his hands.
The building manager, Lee Mil-
ler, 33, suffered cuts on his wrists
when he smashed a window with
his fists in an attempt to clear
the apartment of fumes.
The three were treated at Uni-
versity Hospital and Finch was
admitted as a patient. The hos-
pital reported yesterday that he
was resting comfortably and that
his condition was improving.
The blast was caused by mixing
red phosphorus and potassium
chlorate, Campbell told Uniyersity
officials. The students originally
told police and firemen that they
had accidentally dropped a parti-
cle of metal sodium into water,
which reacted violently and ex-
ploded.
Commenting on the report of
mixing red phophorus and potas-
sium chlorate, a University chem-
ist said that "no one with respect
for his well-being would mix those
two chemicals."
The backs of two chairs were
blown out and the interior and
furnishings of the apartment
were seriously damaged but the
rest of the University Terrace
apartment, building 7, was not
damaged. Cost of destruction to
the Finch's apartment was esti-
mated at $500.
University authorities investi-
gated the incident to determine
whether action should be taken
against Finch and Campbell as
U.S. Demands
Free' Dairen
Soviet Asked To Give
Control to Chinese
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6-(l)-
The United States vigorously
prodded Russia and China today
with a demand that the Manchur-
ian port of Dairen be opened to
the world under Chinese civilian
administration and free of Soviet
military control.
The State Department publish-
ed the text of a crisply worded
note which American diplomats
delivered last Friday to the Soviet
and Chinese foreign offices in
Moscow and Nanking.
This was the first formal re-
action in Washington to the Sov-
iet order of Dec. 20 which sum-
marily ended the stay of a United
States naval ship on a diplomatic
mission in Dairen. The vessel was
sent hurrying to sea under what
some Americans called an out-
and-out ultimatum.

graduate students of the Univer-
sity.
Joseph A. Bursley, Dean of Stu-
dents, reported that "it was an ac-
cident which calls for no action
by the office of the dean of stu-
dents." The chemistry depart-
ment staff meeting last night was
held to consider whether the ex-
plosion would affect the teaching
fellows' faculty status.
Finch's wife and infant son
were in other rooms of the apart-
ment at the time of the explo-
sion and escaped injury.

ingress To
Continued

1ea eemrs anu ns orceu a
will provide music for the plaid-
shirted throngs at the Paul Bun-
yan formal this Saturday instead
of Bob Strong who was original-
ly scheduled to play for the most
informal formal of the year.
Strong's orchestra has been
stranded in Texas and is unable
to fulfill the engagement. Ted
Weems' entire orchestra will fly
up to Ann Arbor for the big dun-
garee dance.
Just back from service with the
U.S. Maritime Service, Ted Weems
has the biggest band of his career
now playing for him. Tiny Mar-
tin, 300-pound ex-concert violin-
ist, is the bass player and comedy
singer with Weem's band. Vocal-
ists with the orchestra are Shir-
ley Richards and Bob Edwards.
Informality will mark the Paul
Bunyan dance, annually present-
ed by the forestry school in honor
of their hero, Paul Bunyan. Blue
jeans and plaid shirts will be the
only costume allowed, and the
intermission program will include
group singing..
Tckets for the dance which will
be held from 9 p.m. to midnight
Saturday at Waterman Gym are
now on sale at the Union and
League and will be sold until the
night of the dance.
Bills Presented
On Portal Pay
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. - P)-
Two Republican senators today
introduced separate bills to out-
law virtuily all portal-to-portal
pay suits totalling more than
$3,000,000,000.
Sen. Wiley of Wisconsin said his
measue was intended to bar all
pending suits. Sen. Capehart of
Indiana declared his would outlaw
"a majority" of them.
The suits have piled up since

Col. Pacr Hits
VA Pay Plant
Suggests System
Proposed by Daily
LANSING, Jan. 6. - (R) - Col.
Philip C. Pack, director of the
state Office of Veterans' Affairs,
today labeled the federal Veter-
ans Administration's disbursement
methods as "ridiculous," and
charged many veterans attending
schools under the GI Bill are in
acute financial distress.
In a telegram to Gen. Omar N.
Bradley, federal administrator,
Pack recommended that the Ad-
ministration adopt the Army sys'-
tem of designating an agent for
small areas to prepare subsistence
rolls, receive a federal check to
cover these rolls and disburse ben-
efits individually in cash.
(The Wian recommended by Col.
Pack is the same as that suggested in
a Daily editorial of Nov. 23, 1946.)
Pack wrote that under the pres-
ent system of mailing checks from
a regional office at Columbus, 0.,
"thousands of Michigan veterans
attending school still fail to re-
ceive their monthly subsistence
checks reasonably on time."

Prever
Taxei

DR. JOHN A. PERKINS
* * k
Perkins Quits
1rU in Favor of
State Position
Ford Takes Over as
Institute Secretary
Dr. John A. Perkins, now state
budget director, has resigned his
post here es assistant professor of
political science and secretary to
the Executive Committee of the
Institute of Public Administration,
University officials have disclosed.
His resignation was effective
Jan. 1 in order to accept his ap-
pointment by Gov. Kim Sigler to
the budget directorship.
Prof. Robert Ford, director of
the University Bureau of Govern-
ment, was named by the Regents
as acting secretary of the Insti-
tute. His appointment is effective
immediately.
Dr. Perkins also has been named
Ann Arbor's "young man of 1946"
by the local Junior Chamber of
Commerce.
He will receive the JCC Distin-
guished Service Award at a bosses'
night dinner at 7 p.m. Thursday in
the Union.
State Reverses
Stand on FEP
LANSING, Jan. 6 - (P) - The
Secretary of State was informed
today by Attorney General Eugene
F. Black that he had no legal right
to prevent the legislature from
considering a popularly-initiated;
Fair Employment Practice Law.
Black's predecessor, Foss O. El-
dred, had held the petitions in-
valid because the proposed law
contained no title.

a generalized one It renewed
only in broad outline many rec-
ommendations previously made
in specific form, leaving details
this time to Congress.
On the main course of labor
controls and taxes, where the GOP
already has set sail, the Chief
Executive's tack was this:
Labor-Mr. Truman proposed
legislation to outlaw those
strikes and boycotts by which
unions may seek to defeat rival
unions or win undeserved bar-
gaining recognition, and to pro-
vide arbitration for disputes
over existing contracts. None of
this would cover wage disputes.
Then for the "problem of na-
tionwide strikes in vital indus-
tries," he urged Congress to
provide a 20-man study com-
mission of Congressmen and
representatives -of labor, man-
agement and public which he
said could recommend legisla-
tion by March 15. A study com-
mission is something Republi-
can senators already have ve-
toed'
* * *
Taxes-Without mentioning the
20 per cent income tax cut
planned by GOP House leaders,
Mr. Truman declared he antici-
pates a "substantial surplus"
which should be used to reduce
the debt. He urged Congress to
continue until June 30, 1948, the
wartime excise taxes which some
legislators propose to slash im-
mediately. They are slated for au-
tomatic reduction this coming
June 30 under the proclamation
which ended hostilities Dec. 31.
The Chief Executive used the
labor section of his message to
declare the need for social legis-
lation--"the extension and
broadening of our social secur-
ity system, better housing, a
comprehensive national health
program, - and provision for a
fair minimum wage."
On housing, he said that a law
like the Wagner-Ellende-Taft
Bill which passed the Senate last
session but died in the House "is
urgently required."
Unification of the Army and
Navy in a single department,
another short subject, was treated
in one paragraph emphasizing the
economy angle. The President
said he will send a separate mes-
sage to Congress on the subject
"in the near future."
As for the future of the Draft
Act, due to expire March 31, Mr.
Truman reported that the Army
cannot tell yet whether it can
get along on voluntary enlist-
ments but will make its recom-
mendations before the deadline.
Turning to the problems of vet-
erans, the President said he be-
lieves "that our program of bene-
fits for veterans is now complete,"
except for minor adjustments.
This appeared significant in view
of bills already introduced to pay
a bonus, higher subsistence and
training grants and other benefits.
In foreign affairs, the President
reported that the peace treaties
for Italy, Bulgaria, Rumania and
Hungary will be submitted to the
Senate for ratification after they
are signed next month, an implied
bid in advance for the Senate's
approval. He conceded they are
not "completely satisfactory" but
insisted "that they are as good as
we can hope to obtain."
The President also urged that
Congress "turn its attention" to
the problem of admitting dis-
placed foreigners to this country.
Percy To Stay
In Same Abode

Congress Acts
To End Taxes
On .Luxuries
Proposal Contrary
To Truman's Plan
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6-(P)-A
bill to end immediately the spec-
ial war-time excise taxes- esti-
mated at $1,500,000,000 a year--
was rushed before Congress today
even as President Truman urged
a year's extension of these levies;
Rep. O'Toole (Dem., N.Y.) in-
troduced the measure to roll back
the excise levies and a strong Re-
publican move was afoot for simi-
lar action.
Quick Action Expected
Rep. Knutson (Rep., Minn.)
chairman of the tax-writing Ways
and Means Committee, said the
excise subject would get quick
consideration.
These are war taxes on liquor,
telephone bills, furs, luggage, cos-
metics and some other so-called
"luxury items." As the law now
stands, the taxes will drop back
July 1 to pre-war rates. The
liquor tax, for instance, will slide
from $9 to $6 a gallon, that on
furs from 20 per cent to 10 per
cent.
Truman Asked Continuation
Instead of letting them end
July 1, Mr. Truman asked their
continuance for 12 months after
that. Congress members who want
to end them now say they inter-
fere with business.
The Administration vs. Con-
gress fight on these taxes devel-
oped as Mr. Truman side-stepped
direct comment on Republican
proposals to cut individual income
taxes by $3,500,000,000 this year
-an over-all reduction of 20 per
cent.
His failure to mention income
taxes led to surmise by some con-
gressmen that he is opposed to
the proposed cuts. Mr. Truman
is expected to speak his mind on
that in his economic. or budget
messages, to be sent to Congress
later this week.
Snow Removal
Plan Revised
Council Okays New
Contract with Woodul
A violent discussion in Ann Ar-
bor Common Council last night
culminated in a revised snow re-
moval contract between the city
and the Public Service Company.
Dissatisfied with present ser-
vice being given by the company
headed by James W. Woodul, ex-
University student, councilmen at
first refused to approve a new
contract presented by Woodul, of-
fering to clean sidewalks of the
entire city at a flat rate of $20,-
000. A former contract approved
by the council stipulated that the
contractor would clean only those
walks uncleaned by property own-
ers.
Finally approving a revised con-
tract, councilmen voted 11 to 2
for having local walks cleaned f
snow on a cost plus 10 percent
basis.
Council also had hopes of hav-
ing a long standing headache re-
moved when a proposal aimed at
solving the zoning problem was
offered by the planning comnis-
sion.
Ray C. Eastman, chairman of
the commission has pronosed that

ON BASIS OF COMMITTEE REPORTS:
Lederle Cites Seating of Bilbo as 'Doubtful'

By PHYLLIS KAYE
In view of the case made against
Sen. Theodore Bilbo by the War
Investigating Committee and the
minority report of the Campaign
Expenditures Committee. it is

legislation governing corrupt elec-
tion practices. He served as con-
sultant to a similar committee set
up in 1944.
Returned from Washington
Prof. Lederle just returned

primary." Prof. Lederle pointed
out that "time and again in hear-
ings in Jackson, Miss., last month,
Chairman Ellender had brought
out that this was 'common knowl-
edge' and that election officials

tions and statements in his cam-
paign, had violated certain sec-
tions of the Criminal Code as well
as the Hatch Act. Prof. Lederle
said that statements alleged to
have been made by Sen. Bilbo

Question Still Open
"Whether expressions of this
kind are valid ground for exclu-
sion of a man from the U.S. Sen-
ate after election by his constitu-

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